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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414865/transvaginal-sonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis-a-review
#1
Jenna M Turocy, Beryl R Benacerraf
This review summarizes the current evidence regarding the diagnostic accuracy of sonography (US) in women with deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). It is well known that transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) can detect ovarian endometriomas with a high degree of sensitivity. In recent years, US has also been used to detect DIE. In the hands of an experienced sonologist, the sensitivity and specificity of TVUS in the detection of DIE is comparable to those of MRI. TVUS can eliminate the need for an MRI in the majority of patients and reduce the need for diagnostic laparoscopy, proving to be an important tool in preoperative planning...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374885/variations-in-the-sonographic-measurement-techniques-of-bi-rads-3-breast-masses
#2
Juliana Francisco, Rodrigo Menezes Jales, André Desuó Bueno de Oliveira, Carlos Henrique Francisco Arguello, Sophie Derchain
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the differences in sonographic (US) distance and volume measurements from different sonologists and identify the optimal parameters to avoid clinically relevant variations in the measurement of BI-RADS 3 breast masses. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study with prospectively collected data, four physicians with various levels of experience in US, herein called sonologists, performed distance and volume US measurements of 80 masses classified as BI-RADS 3...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266033/first-international-consensus-report-on-adnexal-masses-management-recommendations
#3
Phyllis Glanc, Beryl Benacerraf, Tom Bourne, Douglas Brown, Beverly G Coleman, Christopher Crum, Jason Dodge, Deborah Levine, Edward Pavlik, Dirk Timmerman, Frederick R Ueland, Wendy Wolfman, Steven R Goldstein
The First International Consensus Conference on Adnexal Masses was convened to thoroughly examine the state of the science and to formulate recommendations for clinical assessment and management. The panel included representatives of societies in the fields of gynecology, gynecologic oncology, radiology, and pathology and clinicians from Europe, Canada, and the United States. In the United States, there are approximately 9.1 surgeries per malignancy compared to the European International Ovarian Tumor Analysis center trials, with only 2...
May 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236314/non-visualization-of-choroid-plexus-of-the-fourth-ventricle-as-a-first-trimester-predictor-of-posterior-fossa-anomalies-and-chromosomal-defects-a-three-dimensional-ultrasound-study
#4
P Martinez-Ten, T Illescas, B Adiego, M Estevez, C Bermejo, A E Wong, W Sepulveda
OBJECTIVE: To assess non-visualization of the choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle (CP-IVV) as a simple, qualitative, and reproducible first-trimester ultrasound feature of the posterior fossa that predicts brain anomalies and chromosomal defects. METHODS: Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound datasets of the fetal brain were prospectively obtained from 65 consecutive singleton, normal first-trimester fetuses and retrospectively from 27 fetuses identified as having an abnormal fetal posterior fossa on the first-trimester scan, which were randomly included in the final study group...
February 25, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029179/prenatal-diagnosis-of-congenital-heart-diseases-by-fetal-echocardiography-in-second-trimester-a-chinese-multicenter-study
#5
MULTICENTER STUDY
Chen Chu, Yingliu Yan, Yunyun Ren, Xiaotian Li, Yonghao Gui
INTRODUCTION: The objective of our study was to evaluate the performance of detailed fetal echocardiography by skilled obstetric physician sonologists in the diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) in a Chinese population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This investigation included a multicenter prospective cohort of 10 259 pregnant women attending 10 regional tertiary hospitals in China. The inclusion criteria were singleton pregnancy and gestational age from 18 to ≤28 weeks...
April 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006080/crown-rump-length-audit-plots-with-the-use-of-operator-specific-papp-a-and-%C3%AE-hcg-median-mom
#6
Joan Sabria, Laura Guirado, Isabel Miró, Maria Dolors Gómez-Roig, Antoni Borrell
OBJECTIVE: Audit the crown-rump length (CRL) measurements taken at 11 to 13 weeks scan, using operator-specific median multiples of the median (MoM) for pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) and free β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) plots, to identify deviations potentially related to a systematic CRL bias. METHODS: Study population included consecutive singleton pregnancies undergoing first trimester combined screening, scanned by sonologists with at least 100 scans, during the 2011 to 2012 period...
March 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891327/analysis-of-fetal-palate-to-assist-pre-natal-ultrasound
#7
Anjali Shastry, Yogitha Ravindranath, Roopa Ravindranath
INTRODUCTION: Cleft palate is one of the major facial congenital malformation in newborns. Pre-natal detection of this malformation is limited to detection of clefting of hard palate but isolated soft palate clefting still remains challenge for sonologists. As Indian literature is limited present study was attempted to provide dimensions and position of fetal palate by digitized images. AIM: To study dimensions, position and differences in parameters between second and third trimester fetuses...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749801/performance-of-bedside-lung-ultrasound-by-a-pediatric-resident-a-useful-diagnostic-tool-in-children-with-suspected-pneumonia
#8
Chen Zhan, Natalia Grundtvig, Bent Helmuth Klug
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies suggest that lung ultrasound is a good, radiation-free alternative to chest radiography in children with pneumonia. We investigated how bedside lung ultrasound performed by a pediatric resident compared with chest radiography in children with suspected pneumonia. METHODS: This was a prospective study comparing bedside lung ultrasound to chest radiography as the reference standard. Children aged 0 to 15 years with suspected pneumonia at a pediatric emergency department were included and underwent chest radiography and lung ultrasound...
October 4, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676724/antenatal-consultation-following-limb-malformation-discovery-using-ultrasound-scan
#9
Nathaly Quintero-Prigent, Naima Brennetot, Coline Martinot-Lagarde, Malak Fanhy, Frédéric Clavier, Frank Fitoussi, Marion Fiat
Our unit has been providing antenatal consultations for 30 years following the discovery of limb malformation with the fetus. Each of these consultations is specific and carried out by a multi-professional team. It requires a physical and rehabilitation doctor, an orthopedic surgeon, an occupational therapist for upper limb malformation, a physiotherapist for lower malformation and a psychologist. This multidisciplinary consultation is unique because of each pregnancy story, because of each patient life story but also because of the words used by the sonologist when announcing the diagnosis...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500343/accuracy-of-home-based-ultrasonographic-diagnosis-of-obstetric-risk-factors-by-primary-level-health-care-workers-in-rural-nepal
#10
Naoko Kozuki, Luke C Mullany, Subarna K Khatry, Ram K Ghimire, Sharma Paudel, Karin Blakemore, Christine Bird, James M Tielsch, Steven C LeClerq, Joanne Katz
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of ultrasonographic task shifting by estimating the accuracy at which primary-level health care workers can perform community-based third-trimester ultrasound diagnosis for selected obstetric risk factors in rural Nepal. METHODS: Three auxiliary nurse-midwives received two 1-week ultrasound trainings at Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital in Kathmandu. At a study site in rural Nepal, pregnant women who were 32 weeks of gestation or greater were enrolled and received ultrasound examinations from the auxiliary nurse-midwives during home visits...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27353066/two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-of-the-fetal-heart-a-practical-step-by-step-approach-for-the-fetal-sonologist
#11
Greggory R DeVore, Bardo Polanco, Gary Satou, Mark Sklansky
Various approaches to 2-dimensional speckle tracking have been used to evaluate left ventricular function and deformation in the fetus, child, and adult. In 2015, because of differences in imaging devices and analytical programs, the cardiology community published a consensus document proposing standards for pediatric/adult deformation imaging using 2-dimensional speckle tracking. The understanding and application of deformation imaging in the fetus have been limited by a lack of uniform software, terminology, techniques, and display...
August 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27324852/ultrasound-guided-central-venous-access-which-probe-is-preferred-for-viewing-the-subclavian-vein-using-a-supraclavicular-approach
#12
Shadi Lahham, Sean P Wilson, Mohammad Subeh, Michael Butterfield, Abdelhafez R Albakri, Rame Bashir, John C Fox
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasound guidance using a linear probe is well established as a tool to increase safety when performing a supradiaphragmatic cannulation of the internal jugular central vein. However, little data exist on which probe is best for performing a supradiaphragmatic cannulation of the subclavian vein. METHODS: This was a prospective, observational study at a single-site emergency department, where 5 different physician sonologists evaluate individual practice preference for visualization of the subclavian vein using a supraclavicular approach with 2 different linear probes and 1 endocavitary probe...
September 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27155438/accuracy-of-point-of-care-lung-ultrasonography-for-diagnosis-of-acute-chest-syndrome-in-pediatric-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-and-fever
#13
Dina D Daswani, Vaishali P Shah, Jeffrey R Avner, Deepa G Manwani, Jessica Kurian, Joni E Rabiner
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine the test performance characteristics for point-of-care lung ultrasonography (LUS) performed by pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) physicians compared with radiographic diagnosis of acute chest syndrome (ACS) in patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) and fever. METHODS: This was a prospective study of patients up to 21 years with SCD and fever requiring chest X-ray (CXR) evaluation for ACS. Before obtaining CXR, a blinded PEM physician performed LUS using a standardized scanning protocol...
August 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107052/point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-in-young-children-with-respiratory-tract-infections-and-wheeze
#14
Terry Varshney, Elise Mok, Adam J Shapiro, Patricia Li, Alexander S Dubrovsky
OBJECTIVE: Characterise lung ultrasound (LUS) findings, diagnostic accuracy and agreement between novice and expert interpretations in young children with respiratory tract infections and wheeze. METHODS: Prospective cross-sectional study in a paediatric ED. Patients ≤2 years with a respiratory tract infection and wheeze at triage were recruited unless in severe respiratory distress. Prior to clinical management, a novice sonologist performed the LUS using a six-zone scanning protocol...
September 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27091912/how-to-acquire-cardiac-volumes-for-sonographic-examination-of-the-fetal-heart-part-2
#15
Lami Yeo, Roberto Romero
The effective performance of fetal cardiac examination using spatiotemporal image correlation (STIC) technology requires 2 essential steps: volume acquisition and postprocessing. An important prerequisite is training sonologists to acquire high-quality volume data sets so that when analyzed, such volumes are informative. This article is part 2 of a series on 4-dimensional sonography with STIC. Part 1 focused on STIC technology and its features, the importance of operator training/experience and acquisition of high-quality STIC volumes, factors that affect STIC volume acquisition rates, and general recommendations on performing 4D sonography with STIC...
May 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064039/sonographic-alteration-of-basal-ganglia-in-different-forms-of-primary-focal-dystonia-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Ying Zhang, Ying-Chun Zhang, Yu-Jing Sheng, Xiao-Fang Chen, Cai-Shan Wang, Qi Ma, Han-Bing Chen, Li-Fang Yu, Cheng-Jie Mao, Kang-Ping Xiong, Wei-Feng Luo, Chun-Feng Liu
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed whether abnormalities in the lenticular nucleus (LN) are characteristic transcranial sonography (TCS) echo features in patients with primary dystonia. This study aimed to explore alterations in the basal ganglia in different forms of primary focal dystonia. METHODS: cross-sectional observational study was performed between December 2013 and December 2014 in 80 patients with different forms of primary focal dystonia and 55 neurologically normal control subjects...
April 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26923626/feasibility-and-safety-of-substituting-lung-ultrasonography-for-chest-radiography-when-diagnosing-pneumonia-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Brittany Pardue Jones, Ee Tein Tay, Inna Elikashvili, Jennifer E Sanders, Audrey Z Paul, Bret P Nelson, Louis A Spina, James W Tsung
BACKGROUND: Chest radiography (CXR) is the test of choice for diagnosing pneumonia. Lung ultrasonography (LUS) has been shown to be accurate for diagnosing pneumonia in children and may be an alternative to CXR. Our objective was to determine the feasibility and safety of substituting LUS for CXR when evaluating children suspected of having pneumonia. METHODS: We conducted a randomized control trial comparing LUS with CXR in 191 children from birth to 21 years of age suspected of having pneumonia in an ED...
July 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26901768/congenital-neuroblastoma-with-symptoms-of-epidural-compression-at-birth
#18
A R Gigliotti, M A De Ioris, E De Grandis, M Podda, M Cellini, S Sorrentino, B De Bernardi, D Paladini, C Gandolfo
The occurrence of congenital neuroblastoma presenting at birth with symptoms of epidural compression secondary to spinal canal invasion is rare. Almost all cases reported in the literature have survived from the tumor but suffer severe sequelae, with the exception of the 2 most recently described whose birth was anticipated. The 3 cases of this article have been followed for a minimum of 5 years with the aim to describe their definitive late complications. In none of these cases had the routine ultrasound scan performed in third trimester of pregnancy discovered a tumor mass, nor had it shown abnormal fetal movements...
March 2016: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557588/efficacy-of-transcerebellar-diameter-abdominal-circumference-versus-head-circumference-abdominal-circumference-in-predicting-asymmetric-intrauterine-growth-retardation
#19
Bhimarao, Rashmi M Nagaraju, Venkataramana Bhat, Puttanna Vn Gowda
BACKGROUND: The high incidence of IUGR and its low recognition lead to increasing perinatal morbidity and mortality for which prediction of IUGR with timely management decisions is of paramount importance. Many studies have compared the efficacy of several gestational age independent parameters and found that TCD/AC is a better predictor of asymmetric IUGR. AIM: To compare the accuracy of transcerebellar diameter/abdominal circumference with head circumference/abdominal circumference in predicting asymmetric intrauterine growth retardation after 20 weeks of gestation...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26279392/the-ability-of-renal-ultrasound-and-ureteral-jet-evaluation-to-predict-30-day-outcomes-in-patients-with-suspected-nephrolithiasis
#20
J Matthew Fields, Jonathan I Fischer, Kenton L Anderson, Alessandro Mangili, Nova L Panebianco, Anthony J Dean
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We sought to identify findings on bedside renal ultrasound that predicted need for hospitalization in patients with suspected nephrolithiasis. METHODS: A convenience sample of patients with suspected nephrolithiasis was prospectively enrolled and underwent bedside ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder to determine the presence and degree of hydronephrosis and ureteral jets. Sonologists were blinded to any other laboratory and imaging data. Patients were followed up at 30 days by phone call and review of medical records...
October 2015: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
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