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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340518/prevalence-and-distribution-of-sesamoid-bones-in-the-hand-determined-using-digital-tomosynthesis
#1
Bon San Koo, Yoonah Song, Yoon-Kyoung Sung, Seunghun Lee, Jae-Bum Jun
The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence and distribution of sesamoid bones in the hand using digital tomosynthesis (DTS) in comparison to previous studies. Using conventional radiography (CR) and DTS, hand images (81 left and 100 right) taken at a tertiary hospital were retrospectively reviewed. The sesamoid bones were identified in the interphalangeal (IP) and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints of the thumb (I), and in the distal interphalangeal (DIP) and metacarpophalangeal (MCP) of index (II), middle (III), ring (IV), and little (V) fingers...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340517/piecemeal-mechanism-combining-sprouting-and-intussusceptive-angiogenesis-in-intravenous-papillary-formation-induced-by-pge2-and-glycerol
#2
Lucio Díaz-Flores, Ricardo Gutiérrez, M Del Pino García, Francisco J Sáez, Lucio Díaz-Flores, Juan F Madrid
Recently, we demonstrated that in human intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH), vein wall vascularization occurs in association with myriad papillae, a large part of which formed in the vascularized vein wall. Previously, using an animal model, we observed that PGE2 and glycerol administration around the femoral vein originates intense vascularization of the vein wall from its intimal endothelial cells (ECs). This vascularization is similar to that in IPEH. The aim of this study is to assess the mechanism of papillary formation, using this model after demonstrating papillary development in neo-vascularized femoral vein walls...
March 24, 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340503/risk-factors-for-lymph-node-metastases-in-women-with-endometrial-cancer-a-population-based-nation-wide-register-study-on-behalf-of-the-swedish-gynecological-cancer-group-swegcg
#3
K Stålberg, P Kjølhede, M Bjurberg, C Borgfeldt, P Dahm-Kähler, H Falconer, E Holmberg, C Staf, B Tholander, E Åvall-Lundqvist, P Rosenberg, T Högberg
The role of lymphadenectomy in the management of early endometrial cancer is still controversial. In the recent ESMO-ESGO-ESTRO guidelines, lymphadenectomy is recommended for patients with endometrioid adenocarcinoma grade 3 with deep myometrial invasion, but complete agreement was not achieved. In Sweden, DNA aneuploidy has been included as a high-risk factor. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of tumor histology, FIGO grade, DNA ploidy and myometrial invasion (MI) on occurrence of lymph node metastasis (LNM) in patients with endometrial cancer...
March 24, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340500/advanced-practice-registered-nurses-and-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#4
Patricia J Kelly, An-Lin Cheng, Kimberly Carlson, Jacki Witt
INTRODUCTION: Advanced practice registered nurses (APRNs) are in an excellent position to address the high rates of unintended pregnancy in the United States by providing long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs). These methods are significant in their effectiveness in preventing pregnancy in individual women and in having population-level effects on unintended pregnancy. The aim of this study was to learn more about APRN practices around long-acting reversible contraception and influences on those practices...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340495/residents-learning-curve-of-lumbar-transforaminal-epidural-steroid-injections
#5
Holger Joswig, Sarah Roberta Haile, Gerhard Hildebrandt, Martin Nikolaus Stienen
Background and Study Aims There is a paucity of literature on beginners' training and on its connection with patient safety for transforaminal epidural steroid injections (TFESIs). This study retrospectively assessed the learning curves and associated complications of neurosurgery residents never previously exposed to TFESI and compared them with experienced board-certified faculty neurosurgeons (BCFNs). Material and Methods Procedure time in minutes, dose-area product (DAP) in cGy*cm(2), periprocedural observations, and complications in 354 TFESIs for radicular pain secondary to lumbar disk herniation or lumbar spinal stenosis were extracted from operative notes and the electronic infiltration logbook in the per-injection format...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340483/improving-the-water-solubility-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-silymarin-by-nanoencapsulation
#6
Ji-Soo Lee, Da Young Hong, Eun Suh Kim, Hyeon Gyu Lee
The aims of this study were to improve the water solubility and antimicrobial activity of milk thistle silymarin by nanoencapsulation and to assess the functions of silymarin nanoparticle-containing film as an antimicrobial food-packaging agent. Silymarin nanoparticles were prepared using water-soluble chitosan (WCS) and poly-γ-glutamic acid (γ-PGA). As the WCS and silymarin concentrations increased, particle size and polydispersity index (PDI) significantly increased. Nanoencapsulation significantly improved the water solubility of silymarin 7...
March 8, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340474/studying-the-effects-of-natural-extracts-with-metabolomics-a-longitudinal-study-on-the-supplementation-of-healthy-rats-with-polygonum-cuspidatum-sieb-et-zucc
#7
Gregorio Peron, Jalal Uddin, Matteo Stocchero, Stefano Mammi, Elisabetta Schievano, Stefano Dall'Acqua
BACKGROUND: A longitudinal study was performed to evaluate the effects of Polygonum cuspidatum extract (standardized at 20% resveratrol) supplementation on healthy rats. The effects were explored by monitoring urinary metabolome changes using UPLC-HRMS and (1)H NMR-based approaches. The aim of the study was to explore the effects of P. cuspidatum supplementation on a healthy animal model using metabolomics, in order to determine possible modes of action and obtain information on bioactivity...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340468/the-prevalence-of-hiv-among-women-with-high-grade-cervical-smear-abnormalities-in-birmingham-united-kingdom-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Najum S Qureshi, K Manavi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was twofold: 1. To assess the acceptance for HIV screening in women attending Colposcopy clinic 2. To determine the prevalence of HIV in women presenting with high-grade cervical smear abnormalities. DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: Colposcopy clinic, Birmingham Women's Hospital, UK. POPULATION: Patients attending colposcopy clinic. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: To determine acceptance of HIV testing and prevalence in colposcopy patients with High-grade cervical smear abnormalities...
March 18, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340467/the-clinical-use-of-chromosomal-microarray-analysis-in-detection-of-fetal-chromosomal-rearrangements-a-study-from-china-mainland
#9
Yi Wu, Yanlin Wang, Jiong Tao, Xu Han, Xinrong Zhao, Chunmin Liu, Li Gao, Weiwei Cheng
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the detection rate of chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) in prenatal fetuses compared with conventional karyotype and to assess the additional diagnostic yields of CMA in groups of different indications. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 217 fetuses were divided into seven groups according to different indications. All cases were tested by both CMA and karyotype. The detection rates of CMA and karyotype were evaluated. The increased value of CMA in each group was also calculated...
March 7, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340459/transcriptional-profiling-of-porcine-granulosa-cells-exposed-to-2-3-7-8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
#10
Agnieszka Sadowska, Anna Nynca, Monika Ruszkowska, Lukasz Paukszto, Kamil Myszczynski, Karina Orlowska, Sylwia Swigonska, Tomasz Molcan, Jan P Jastrzebski, Renata E Ciereszko
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a toxic man-made chemical compound contaminating the environment. An exposure of living organisms to TCDD may result in numerous disorders, including reproductive pathologies. The aim of the current study was to examine the effects of TCDD on the transcriptome of porcine granulosa cell line AVG-16. By employing next-generation sequencing (NGS) we aimed to identify genes potentially involved in the mechanism of TCDD action and toxicity in porcine granulosa cells...
March 16, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340458/toxic-effects-of-environmental-pollutants-comparative-investigation-using-allium-cepa-l-and-lactuca-sativa-l
#11
Graciele Lurdes Silveira, Maria Gabriela Franco Lima, Gabriela Barreto Dos Reis, Marcel José Palmieri, Larissa Fonseca Andrade-Vieria
Studies that help understand the mechanisms of action of environmental pollutants are extremely important in environmental toxicology. In this context, assays using plants as models stand out for their simplicity and low performance cost. Among the plants used for this purpose, Allium cepa L. is the model most commonly applied for cytogenotoxic tests, while Lactuca sativa L., already widely used in phytotoxic investigations, has been gaining prominence in cytotoxic analyses. The present study aimed to compare the responses of A...
March 21, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340455/toxicological-and-behavioral-responses-as-a-tool-to-assess-the-effects-of-natural-and-synthetic-dyes-on-zebrafish-early-life
#12
Flavia R Abe, Jacqueline N Mendonça, Luiz A B Moraes, Gisele A R de Oliveira, Carlos Gravato, Amadeu M V M Soares, Danielle P de Oliveira
Organic dyes extracted from natural sources have been widely used to develop safety and eco-friendly dyes as an alternative to synthetic ones, since the latter are usually precursors of mutagenic compounds. Thereby, toxicity tests to non-target organisms are critical step to develop harmless dyes to environment and in this context, zebrafish early life stages are becoming an important alternative model. We aimed to assess the toxic effects of the synthetic dye Basic Red 51 (BR51, used in cosmetic industry), the natural dye erythrostominone (ERY, a potential commercial dye extracted from fungi) and its photodegradation product (DERY), using zebrafish early life assays...
March 9, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340454/pea-cultivar-and-wheat-residues-affect-carbon-nitrogen-dynamics-in-pea-triticale-intercropping-a-microcosms-approach
#13
Antonella Scalise, Valentini A Pappa, Antonio Gelsomino, Robert M Rees
The underlying mechanisms by which legume cultivars contribute to nitrous oxide (N2O) generation are poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of two pea cultivars (Zero4 and Nitouche) intercropped with triticale, with or without wheat (Triticum aestivum) residues incorporation, on soil C and N dynamics, on bacterial community structure and their links with N2O emissions. Monocrops and bare soil (no plant) treatments were used as an additional control in order to account for the level of mineralisation between treatments...
March 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340450/health-promotion-and-psychological-interventions-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Natalie Katrina Bradford, Raymond Javan Chan
BACKGROUND: The effects of cancer and treatment have severe and long lasting negative impacts on quality of life. Adolescents and Young Adults (AYA) have high survival rates but may not reach their full life potential because of these consequences. This review aims to identify, appraise and synthesise the effects of health promotion and psychological interventions for AYA after cancer treatment. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses guidelines...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340443/quantitative-eeg-abnormalities-in-major-depressive-disorder-with-basal-ganglia-stroke-with-lesions-in-different-hemispheres
#15
Chunfang Wang, Yuanyuan Chen, Ying Zhang, Jin Chen, Xiaojing Ding, Dong Ming, Jingang Du
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine the aberrant EEG oscillation in major depressive subjects with basal ganglia stroke with lesions in different hemispheres. METHODS: Resting EEG of 16 electrodes in 58 stroke subjects, 26 of whom had poststroke depression (13 with left-hemisphere lesion and 13 with right) and 32 of whom did not (18 with left lesion and 14 with right), was recorded to obtain spectral power analysis for several frequency bands. Multiple analysis of variance and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to identify differences between poststroke depression (PSD) and poststroke non-depression (PSND), treating the different lesion hemispheres separately...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340441/type-d-personality-stress-coping-strategies-and-self-efficacy-as-predictors-of-facebook-intrusion
#16
Agata Błachnio, Aneta Przepiorka, Stanisław Jerzy Czuczwar
Recently, Facebook has become one of the most popular social networking sites. People use it more and more often. A number of studies have recently addressed the issue of excessive Facebook use, showing this phenomenon to be a spreading problem. The main aim of the present study was to examine whether Type D personality, self-efficacy and coping strategies are related to Facebook intrusion. The participants were 882 students of Polish universities, all of them Facebook users (72% women, mean age: 22.25 years, SD =2...
March 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340433/feasibility-of-carbon-dioxide-sequestration-by-spongiochloris-sp-microalgae-during-petroleum-wastewater-treatment-in-airlift-bioreactor
#17
Abdeldjalil Abid, Faten Saidane, Moktar Hamdi
The aim of this work was to study the ability of using Hydrocabonoclastic native microbial and Spongiochloris sp microalgae in airlift bioreactors couples in order to restore hydrocarbons wastewater and develop the capacity of natural systems to reduce greenhouse effect through maximal control of CO2 gas emission in atmosphere. The kinetic parameters of CO2 gas fixation level and conversion it into biological material by microalgae as the biodegradation process effect in hydrocarbon have been evaluated. The result present that maximum specific growth rate μmax of Spongiochloris sp was (0...
March 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340384/effects-of-waste-eggshells-and-sic-addition-on-specific-strength-and-thermal-expansion-of-hybrid-green-metal-matrix-composite
#18
Satpal Sharma, Shashi Prakash Dwivedi
Chicken eggshell waste is an industrial byproduct, and its disposal constitutes a serious environmental hazard. Chicken eggshell can be used in commercial products to produce new materials with low cost and density. Low density material which can sustain at higher temperature is a remarkable area of research. Keeping these facts in the mind, the present investigation aims to study the physical behaviour, specific strength and thermal expansion of AA2014/SiC/carbonized eggshell hybrid green metal matrix composites...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340367/insulin-resistance-is-associated-with-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-non-diabetic-subjects-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-elsa-brasil-cohort-baseline
#19
Itamar S Santos, Márcio S Bittencourt, Alessandra C Goulart, Maria Inês Schmidt, Maria de Fátima H S Diniz, Paulo A Lotufo, Isabela M Benseñor
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epidemiological studies have analyzed the association between carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and insulin resistance, glucose levels or glycated hemoglobin with mixed results. We aimed to evaluate the association between CIMT and homeostasis model assessment - insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), fasting and post-load plasma glucose and glycated hemoglobin in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline. METHODS: We included 8028 participants (aged 35-74 years) without diabetes or overt cardiovascular disease who had complete CIMT data at baseline...
March 10, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340321/exploring-the-relationship-between-cognition-and-functional-verbal-reasoning-in-adults-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-at-six-months-post-injury
#20
Petra Avramović, Belinda Kenny, Emma Power, Skye McDonald, Robyn Tate, Louise Hunt, Sheila MacDonald, Rob Heard, Leanne Togher
OBJECTIVE(S): This study aims to determine the association between cognitive impairment and functional verbal reasoning in adults with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), at six months post-injury. METHOD(S): 38 participants with severe TBI were assessed using the four tasks on the Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES) [1] and a battery of neuropsychological tests at 6 months post injury in a cross-sectional observational study...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
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