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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684938/female-sexual-homicide-offenders-a-descriptive-and-comparative-study
#1
Sara Skott, Eric Beauregard, Rajan Darjee
Research on female sexual homicide has been very scarce. In Europe, it has rarely been examined, and in Scotland, it has never previously been studied. This exploratory study aims to examine the characteristics of sexual homicides involving female offenders between 1990 and 2015 in Scotland. Using data from the Scottish Homicide Database between 1990 and 2015, female sexual homicides (n = 7) were compared to nonsexual homicides committed by females (n = 106) and to sexual homicides committed by men (n = 89) using Fisher's exact tests...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684935/facial-asymmetry-based-age-group-estimation-role-in-recognizing-age-separated-face-images
#2
Muhammad Sajid, Imtiaz Ahmad Taj, Usama Ijaz Bajwa, Naeem Iqbal Ratyal
Face recognition aims to establish the identity of a person based on facial characteristics. On the other hand, age group estimation is the automatic calculation of an individual's age range based on facial features. Recognizing age-separated face images is still a challenging research problem due to complex aging processes involving different types of facial tissues, skin, fat, muscles, and bones. Certain holistic and local facial features are used to recognize age-separated face images. However, most of the existing methods recognize face images without incorporating the knowledge learned from age group estimation...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684930/-prevention-and-detection-of-multidrug-resistant-bacteria
#3
Simone Scheithauer, Martin Kaase
Patients colonized or infected by multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDR) are entitled to the same medical treatment as other patients and infection control measures based on the current evidence are not in conflict with this aim. Recent studies indicate that the correct sampling technique is of utmost importance when screening for MRSA and usage of certain swabs might reduce the sensitivity considerably. Despite improvements in diagnostic strategies for direct MRSA detection by PCR, false positive results cannot be totally excluded...
May 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684926/changes-in-phase-angle-and-handgrip-strength-induced-by-suspension-training-in-older-women
#4
Francesco Campa, Analiza Mónica Silva, Stefania Toselli
This study aimed to present a suspension exercise training program suitable for older adults and to verify the effect of 12 weeks of training on handgrip strength (HS) and anthropometric and bioelectrical impedance parameters in older adults. Thirty older women (age 66.1±4.7 years, BMI 30.6±5.3 kg/m2 ) were randomly assigned to one of two groups: a training group (TG, n=15) or a control group (CG, n=15). The TG participated in a 12-week suspension training program, while the CG maintained their normal physical activity habits for the duration of the study...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684920/comparison-between-hemilaminectomy-with-either-anulectomy-or-partial-discectomy-for-treatment-of-thoracolumbar-intervertebral-disc-protrusion-in-dogs
#5
Abbe H Crawford, Steven De Decker
OBJECTIVES:  The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcome of dogs undergoing a hemilaminectomy with anulectomy (HA) or a hemilaminectomy with partial discectomy (HPD) for treatment of thoracolumbar intervertebral disc protrusion. METHODS:  Medical records from 2006 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Dogs were included if they had clinical signs and imaging findings consistent with thoracolumbar intervertebral disc protrusion and had undergone surgical treatment with a HA or HPD...
April 23, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684919/clinical-outcomes-and-complications-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-utilizing-conventional-plates-in-65-distal-radial-and-ulnar-fractures-of-miniature-and-toy-breed-dogs
#6
Takeshi Aikawa, Yuta Miyazaki, Taichi Shimatsu, Kyoko Iizuka, Masaaki Nishimura
OBJECTIVE:  This article aims to evaluate clinical outcomes and complications of distal radial and ulnar fractures in miniature- and toy-breed dogs treated with conventional bone plate fixation. METHODS:  Medical records (2001-2010) of miniature- and toy-breed dogs with distal radial and ulnar fractures repaired with open reduction and internal fixation utilizing conventional plates were reviewed. The inclusion criteria were body weight of <7 kg, fracture located in the distal antebrachium (distal-to-total radial length ratio < 0...
April 23, 2018: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684915/histological-analysis-of-term-placentas-from-hyperimmune-globulin-treated-and-untreated-mothers-with-primary-cytomegalovirus-infection
#7
Liliana Gabrielli, Maria Paola Bonasoni, Maria Pia Foschini, Enrico Maria Silini, Arsenio Spinillo, Maria Grazia Revello, Angela Chiereghin, Giulia Piccirilli, Evangelia Petrisli, Gabriele Turello, Giuliana Simonazzi, Dino Gibertoni, Tiziana Lazzarotto
BACKGROUND: The Congenital Human Cytomegalovirus Infection Prevention (CHIP) study, a randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled trial, demonstrated that the efficacy of hyperimmune globulin (HIG) was not different from that of placebo regarding transmission of cytomegalovirus (CMV) from mothers to newborns. Our aim was to analyze histologically HIG effects on placentas collected for the CHIP study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Virological and histological analyses were performed on 40 placentas from transmitter and nontransmitter HIG-treated and untreated mothers by assessing the number of CMV-positive cells, tissue viral load, tissue damage, and compensatory mechanisms...
April 23, 2018: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684914/serum-calcium-is-related-to-the-degree-of-artery-stenosis-in-acute-ischemic-stroke
#8
Jiayan Wu, Junchao Xie, Yanxin Zhao, Li Gong, Xueyuan Liu, Wangmi Liu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Acute ischemic stroke is caused by stenosis of artery supplying to brain. We aimed to detect some metabolites in the serum that would be related to the degree of artery stenosis and to analyze potential mechanisms. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with acute ischemic stroke were divided into two groups according to their degree of artery stenosis (which was determined by computed tomographic angiography): a mild group (stenosis ≤ 30%) and a severe group (stenosis > 30%)...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684912/cementum-regeneration-using-stem-cells-in-the-dog-model-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Jacqueline Crossman, Maryam Elyasi, Tarek El-Bialy, Carlos Flores Mir
OBJECTIVE: Restoring lost tissues of the periodontium, such as cementum, is essential in reducing the risk of tooth loss due to periodontitis and/or severe root resorption. Stem cell therapy is a regenerative strategy in cementum regeneration. This systematic review aimed to analyze the effect of various stem cells and their transplantation method on cementum regeneration in the dog model. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched, in addition to performing hand searches and a gray literature search...
April 3, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684903/repurposing-itraconazole-to-the-benefit-of-skin-cancer-treatment-a-combined-azole-ddab-nanoencapsulation-strategy
#10
C Carbone, C Martins-Gomes, V Pepe, A M Silva, T Musumeci, G Puglisi, P M Furneri, E B Souto
In this work, we aimed at developing an improved topical SLN formulation combining itraconazole delivery with a coating layer of didodecyldimethylammonium bromide, thus repurposing the drug effectiveness by synergistic skin anticancer effectiveness. In order to obtain a stable SLN formulation with small homogeneously dispersed particles, a deep formulative study was developed screening three different solid lipids (Suppocire NB, Cetyl Palmitate and Dynasan 114) for the SLN preparation by the phase inversion temperature...
April 17, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684902/effect-of-lipopeptide-structure-on-gene-delivery-system-properties-evaluation-in-2d-and-3d-in-vitro-models
#11
O O Koloskova, A M Gileva, M G Drozdova, M V Grechihina, N E Suzina, U A Budanova, Yu L Sebyakin, D A Kudlay, I P Shilovskiy, A M Sapozhnikov, E I Kovalenko, E A Markvicheva, M R Khaitov
Development of efficient biodegradable, environmentally responsive, biocompatible and non-toxic delivery system is needed for efficient gene delivery. As well known, properties of the vehicle are determined by the structure of carrier components. The aim of the current study was to estimate in vitro transfection efficacy of aliphatic di-, tri- and tetrapeptide-based cationic lipoplexes loaded with siRNA in function of a number of cationic groups using 2D (monolayer culture) and 3D (multicellular tumor spheroids) in vitro models...
April 7, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684899/coupling-hydrus-1d-with-arcgis-to-estimate-pesticide-accumulation-and-leaching-risk-on-a-regional-basis
#12
Ruediger Anlauf, Jenny Schaefer, Puangrat Kajitvichyanukul
HYDRUS-1D is a well-established reliable instrument to simulate water and pesticide transport in soils. It is, however, a point-specific model which is usually used for site-specific simulations. Aim of the investigation was the development of pesticide accumulation and leaching risk maps for regions combining HYDRUS-1D as a model for pesticide fate with regional data in a geographical information system (GIS). It was realized in form of a python tool in ArcGIS. Necessary high resolution local soil information, however, is very often not available...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684886/the-effects-of-three-quarter-and-full-length-foot-orthoses-on-knee-mechanics-in-healthy-subjects-and-patellofemoral-pain-patients-when-walking-and-descending-stairs
#13
J Burston, J Richards, J Selfe
BACKGROUND: An increased load of the patellofemoral joint is often attributed to foot function in patients with patellofemoral pain. Foot orthoses are commonly prescribed for this condition; however the mechanisms by which they work are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the kinematics and kinetics of the knee between patellofemoral pain patients and a group of healthy subjects when using a standardised foot orthosis prescription during walking and step descent...
April 17, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684863/psychological-and-genetic-risk-factors-associated-with-suicidal-behavior-in-korean-patients-with-mood-disorders
#14
Hee-Yeon Choi, Ga Eun Kim, Kyoung Ae Kong, Yu Jin Lee, Weon-Jeong Lim, So-Hyun Park, Su Hee Ha, Soo In Kim
INTRODUCTION: To prevent suicide, a nationwide important issue in Korea, understanding its etiology is essential. This study aimed to delineate the risk factors for suicidal behavior in mood disorder patients in Korea. METHODS: 216 patients with mood disorders were recruited. We measured suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempt (SA) history and the association of six gene polymorphisms with SB: COMT (rs4680), HTR1A (rs6295), TPH1 (rs1800532), BDNF (rs6265), SLC1A3 (rs2269272), and SLC1A2 (rs4755404)...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684857/microrna-449a-functions-as-a-tumor-suppressor-in-pancreatic-cancer-by-the-epigenetic-regulation-of-atdc-expression
#15
Feng Li, Jing Liang, Lu Bai
A growing body of evidence has suggested that microRNAs (miRNAs) play a pivotal role in the development and progression of pancreatic cancer. miRNA-449a (miR-449a) has attracted particular interest due to its critical role in regulating cancer biology in numerous cancer types. However, whether miR-449a is involved in the regulation of pancreatic cancer development and progression remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression pattern and potential biological function of miR-449a in pancreatic cancer...
April 20, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684856/cerium-oxide-nanoparticles-in-pursuit-of-liver-protection-against-doxorubicin-induced-injury-in-rats
#16
Heba G Ibrahim, Noha Attia, Fatma El Zahraa A Hashem, Moushira A R El Heneidy
Doxorubicin (DOX) is considered as a backbone in several chemotherapeutic regimens. Nevertheless, the reported systemic toxicity usually hampers its broad application. Interestingly, Cerium oxide nanoparticles (CeONPs) depicted promising regenerative antioxidant and hepatoprotective potentials against multiple oxidative stress-induced pathologies. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine either CeONPs would display hepatoprotective properties once concomitantly administered with DOX or not. Male Sprague Dawley rats were divided into four groups (n = 10) in a two weeks study: Control (received saline, IP injection thrice a week), CeO (0...
April 20, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684854/the-role-of-her2-nrf2-axis-in-induction-of-oxaliplatin-resistance-in-colon-cancer-cells
#17
Abbas Pirpour Tazehkand, Maryam Akbarzadeh, Kobra Velaie, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi, Nasser Samadi
Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) plays a pivotal role in promoting chemoresistance by regulation of antioxidants and detoxification enzymes. Her2 is a member of tyrosine kinase receptor family with a key function in resistance of cancer cells to chemotherapeutics. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible cross talk between Nrf2 and Her2 mediated signaling pathways in development of oxaliplatin resistance in colon cancer cells. We first generated oxaliplatin-resistant LS174T and SW480 colon cancer cells with different Her2 expression levels by employing IC50 concentrations followed by a resting period...
April 20, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684850/invasive-treatment-in-peripheral-artery-disease
#18
REVIEW
Spyridon G Deftereos, Dimitrios A Vrachatis, Christos Tolis, Georgios Giannopoulos
Invasive treatment in peripheral artery disease (PAD) has evolved as a viable alternative to surgical treatment. However, beyond the common pathophysiological substrate, as far as treatment is concerned, each site of atherosclerotic disease (subclavian and vertebral arteries; carotid arteries; intracranial arterial tree; renal arteries; lower extremity arteries) features unique characteristics. Treatment options include medical treatment, endovascular management and/or surgery. Sound clinical evaluation is required as individual patient assessment often limits intervention options, while available data regarding benefits of invasive and surgical management are questioned by advances in medical treatment...
April 20, 2018: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684845/medico-legal-aspects-of-disabilities-due-to-orthopedic-injuries-and-compensations-in-egypt
#19
Sherien Salah Ghaleb, Dalia Abd Elwahab Hassan, Alla Mohamed Shehab, Soad Abd El-Ghafar Mohamed Hassan
Disability is a complex problem that results in detrimental effects on the victim. The number of disabled has increased considerably. The development constitutes a good reason for paying more specific attention to society's growing number of disabled. The physician's duties are not only to describe the anatomic and physiological defects present in the injured individual, but also to answer questions regarding the patient ability to perform specific economic or social function. This study aimed to clear up some of the problems or difficulties that may face the medico-legal physician or any personal that may be concerned with the process of evaluation...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684843/on-line-ham-grading-using-pattern-recognition-models-based-on-available-data-in-commercial-pig-slaughterhouses
#20
Gerard Masferrer, Ricard Carreras, Maria Font-I-Furnols, Marina Gispert, Pere Marti-Puig, Moises Serra
The thickness of the subcutaneous fat in hams is one of the most important factors for the dry-curing process and largely determines its final quality. This parameter is usually measured in slaughterhouses by a manual metrical measure to classify hams. The aim of the present study was to propose an automatic classification method based on data obtained from a carcass automatic classification equipment (AutoFom) and intrinsic data of the pigs (sex, breed, and weight) to simulate the manual classification system...
April 13, 2018: Meat Science
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