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pediatric renal transplant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631039/graft-nephrectomy-in-children
#1
Benedict L Phillips, Chris J Callaghan
Kidney transplantation is recognised as the gold standard treatment of end-stage renal disease in most children, with excellent graft survival rates. When graft failure occurs, renal transplant recipients (RTRs) have the option of removal of the transplant (graft nephrectomy [GN]), or leaving the failed transplant in situ. The aims of this review are to discuss the indications for GN, surgical techniques, outcomes after GN (including risks of allosensitisation and the impact on subsequent transplants), and the possible role of routine GN in the asymptomatic RTR with a failed renal allograft...
June 19, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621639/outcome-of-the-double-j-stent-placement-in-pediatric-kidney-transplant-a-single-center-experience
#2
Hakan Sözen, Onur Özen, Kibriya Fidan, Oğuz Söylemezoğlu, Aydın Dalgıç
OBJECTIVES: Double J stent placement at kidney transplant may reduce stenosis or leakage complication rates. However, placement may also increase risk for early urinary tract infection (ie, < 3 mo after transplant). In children, the usefulness of double J stent placement is not well defined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data from children who received transplants at the Gazi University Transplantation Center and Pediatric Nephrology (Ankara, Turkey) for outcomes related to double J stents...
June 16, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612957/the-impact-of-end-stage-renal-disease-in-children-on-their-parents
#3
Hee Sun Baek, Ki-Soo Park, Il Soo Ha, Hee Gyung Kang, Hae Il Cheong, Young Seo Park, Joo Hoon Lee, Hee Yeon Cho, Min Hyun Cho
AIM: This study was designed to investigate the impact of pediatric end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on parents, based on the PedsQL™ Family Impact Module (FIM), and the relationship to the quality of life (QOL) of pediatric ESRD patients measured by PedsQL(TM) 3.0 ESRD module. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study using Korean translations of the PedsQL(TM) FIM and the PedsQL(TM) 3.0 ESRD module. In all, 79 patients were enrolled, including 47 children receiving dialysis and 32 children who underwent renal transplant...
June 14, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604513/severe-sarcopenia-and-increased-fat-stores-in-pediatric-patients-with-liver-kidney-or-intestine-failure
#4
Richard S Mangus, Weston J Bush, Chandrashekhar A Kubal, Christina Miller
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition and wasting predict clinical outcomes in children with severe chronic illness. Objectively calculated malnutrition in children with end-stage organ failure has not been well studied. This analysis compares children with kidney, liver or intestine failure to healthy controls to quantitate the disparity in muscle and fat stores. METHODS: Children younger than age 19 with end stage liver, kidney or intestine failure and with pre-transplant computed tomography (CT) imaging were selected from the transplant database...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597060/-early-bilateral-nephrectomy-in-neonatal-autosomal-recessive-polycystic-kidney-disease-improved-prognosis-or-unnecessary-effort
#5
REVIEW
S Riechardt, M Koch, J Oh, M Fisch
BACKGROUND: Neonatal autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) is associated with giant kidneys, lung hypoplasia, pulmonal hypertension, and end-stage renal failure. Depending on the study, mortality is reported to range between 20 and 80%. OBJECTIVES: Does bilateral nephrectomy improve survival? PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2010 and 2016, we treated 7 children with prenatally diagnosed ARPKD. All had a planned delivery by cesarean section...
June 8, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583570/clinical-outcomes-in-pediatric-renal-transplant-recipients-who-received-steroid-based-immunosuppressive-regimen
#6
S Chantarogh, K Tangnararatchakit, W Tirapanich, W Viseshsindh, P Saisawat, K Pirojsakul
BACKGROUND: Although the clinical outcomes of pediatric renal transplantation (RT) in developed countries have improved significantly, the data on clinical outcomes in developing countries are wildly different. METHODS: Children and adolescents who had undergone RT at Ramathibodi Hospital between March 2001 and August 2014 were included. RESULTS: Patients were divided into 2 groups: living related donor (LRD) group (n = 13) and deceased donor (DD) group (n = 30)...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576519/pediatric-post-tonsillectomy-hemorrhage-in-the-setting-of-post-transplantation-immunosuppression
#7
Lourdes Quintanilla-Dieck, Sivakumar Chinnadurai, Christopher Wootten, Steven L Goudy, Frank W Virgin
INTRODUCTION: Long-term immunosuppressants form an integral part of therapy for post-transplantation patients. Immunosuppressants may also have an anticoagulant effect, and little is known about their effects on bleeding risk after adenotonsillectomy. Our objective was to investigate whether there is an increased observed rate of post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage in a population of pediatric patients on long-term immunosuppressants after solid organ transplantation, compared to healthy controls...
April 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573315/pediatric-renal-transplant-biopsy-with-ultrasound-guidance-the-core-essentials
#8
REVIEW
Aris Oates, Saveen Ahuja, Marsha M Lee, Andrew S Phelps, John D Mackenzie, Jesse L Courtier
This review provides a comprehensive and practical approach to pediatric percutaneous renal transplant biopsies, highlighting techniques and strategies to optimize adequate sample yield and ensure patient safety. In children with end-stage renal disease, transplantation is the preferred choice of therapy, providing for overall lower long-term morbidity and mortality compared with dialysis. In the ongoing management of renal transplant patients, core tissue sampling via a percutaneous renal biopsy remains the gold standard when transplant dysfunction is suspected...
June 1, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570715/exhaled-volatile-substances-mirror-clinical-conditions-in-pediatric-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
Juliane Obermeier, Phillip Trefz, Josephine Happ, Jochen K Schubert, Hagen Staude, Dagmar-Christiane Fischer, Wolfram Miekisch
Monitoring metabolic adaptation to chronic kidney disease (CKD) early in the time course of the disease is challenging. As a non-invasive technique, analysis of exhaled breath profiles is especially attractive in children. Up to now, no reports on breath profiles in this patient cohort are available. 116 pediatric subjects suffering from mild-to-moderate CKD (n = 48) or having a functional renal transplant KTx (n = 8) and healthy controls (n = 60) matched for age and sex were investigated. Non-invasive quantitative analysis of exhaled breath profiles by means of a highly sensitive online mass spectrometric technique (PTR-ToF) was used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553631/left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-pediatric-hypertension-a-mini-review
#10
REVIEW
Robert P Woroniecki, Andrew Kahnauth, Laurie E Panesar, Katarina Supe-Markovina
Adults with arterial hypertension (HTN) have stroke, myocardial infarction, end-stage renal disease (ESRD), or die at higher rates than those without. In children, HTN leads to target organ damage, which includes kidney, brain, eye, blood vessels, and heart, which precedes "hard outcomes" observed in adults. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) or an anatomic and pathologic increase in left ventricular mass (LVM) in response to the HTN is a pediatric surrogate marker for HTN-induced morbidity and mortality in adults...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551940/-oxalate-stones-are-prevalent-among-druze-and-muslim-arabs-in-the-galilee
#11
Limor Kalfon, Irit Weissman, Miriam Hershkovits, Nadra Nasser Samra, Nurit Edri, Morad Khayat, Mary Tanus, Shihab Shihab, Hanna Mandel, Tzipora Falik-Zaccai
INTRODUCTION: Primary Hyperoxaluria type I (PH1) is a rare autosomal recessive disease caused by lack or dysfunction of the liver peroxisomal enzyme alanine: glyoxylate aminotransferase, AGT. AIMS: To conduct clinical and genetic characterization of Druze and Muslim Arab patients with PH1 in Northern Israel. METHODS: In the last 20 years, 36 children and families were diagnosed and treated in the Nephrology-Genetic Clinic at the Galilee Medical Center...
March 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551379/review-of-1-000-consecutive-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-runs-as-a-quality-initiative
#12
Harold N Lovvorn, Daphne C Hardison, Heidi Chen, Ashly C Westrick, Melissa E Danko, Brian C Bridges, William F Walsh, John B Pietsch
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a resource-intensive mode of life-support potentially applicable when conventional therapies fail. Given the initial success of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation to support neonates and infants in the 1980s, indications have expanded to include adolescents, adults, and selected moribund patients during cardiopulmonary resuscitation. This single-institution analysis was conducted to evaluate programmatic growth, outcomes, and risk for death despite extracorporeal membrane oxygenation across all ages and diseases...
May 24, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540692/effects-of-cyp3a5-polymorphisms-on-tacrolimus-pharmacokinetics-in-pediatric-kidney-transplantation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#13
Yi-Ping Zong, Zi-Jie Wang, Wan-Li Zhou, Wei-Min Zhou, Tie-Liang Ma, Zheng-Kai Huang, Chun-Chun Zhao, Zhen Xu, Ruo-Yun Tan, Min Gu
BACKGROUND: CYP3A5 genetic polymorphisms have been reported to be strongly associated with the tacrolimus pharmacokinetics in adult kidney transplantation. However, there is no published meta-analysis in the influence of CYP3A5 variants on the requirements of the tacrolimus dose in pediatric renal-transplant recipients (RTRs). We wished to determine the effects of CYP3A5 polymorphisms on tacrolimus pharmacokinetics in pediatric RTRs. METHODS: A literature search was conducted to include relevant articles by searching PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
May 24, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536123/randomized-controlled-trial-of-mineralocorticoid-receptor-blockade-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-allograft-nephropathy
#14
Mara Medeiros, Luis Velásquez-Jones, Ana M Hernández, Guillermo Ramón-García, Saúl Valverde, Yolanda Fuentes, Arindal Vargas, Mauricio Patiño, Rosalba Pérez-Villalva, Juan Antonio Ortega-Trejo, Jonatan Barrera-Chimal, Norma A Bobadilla
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We showed that mineralocorticoid receptor blockade (MRB) prevented acute and chronic cyclosporine nephropathy (CsA-Nx) in the rat. The aim of this translational study was to investigate the effect of long-term eplerenone administration on renal allograft function in children with biopsy-proven chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Renal transplant children <18 years, biopsy-proven CAN, and a GFR>40 ml/min per 1...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508965/cinacalcet-in-hyperparathyroidism-management-after-pediatric-renal-transplantation
#15
Olivier Niel, Anne Maisin, Marie-Alice Macher, Michel Peuchmaur, Georges Deschênes
Secondary hyperparathyroidism is often associated with end stage renal disease; even after renal transplantation, hyperparathyroidism may persist, and is responsible for hypercalcemia, hypophosphatemia and elevated parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels. Parathyroid hyperplasia is frequently associated with persistent hyperparathyroidism, and may require a surgical treatment. Here, we report hyperparathyroidism along with parathyroid hyperplasia in a 7-year-old child, which persisted after renal transplant. Calcitonin and pamidronate failed to decrease serum calcium levels; clodronate was also inefficient...
November 2016: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508021/examining-the-roles-and-experiences-of-fathers-of-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#16
David B Nicholas
This study examined roles and experiences of fathers of children with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Based on interpretive description, semistructured interviews were conducted with 22 fathers of children receiving a range of treatments (transplant, peritoneal dialysis, hemodialysis, and CKD not requiring renal replacement therapy). Fathers described various experiences and means of adjusting to shifts associated with pediatric CKD. These included loss of personal control, a sense of personal isolation, and a stance of remaining strong amidst personal suffering...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507632/visfatin-versus-flow-mediated-dilatation-as-a-marker-of-endothelial-dysfunction-in-pediatric-renal-transplant-recipients
#17
Fatina Fadel, Hafez M Bazraa, Safaa M Abdelrahman, Mohamed Gamal Shouman, Marwa Khaled Sayed, Doaa Mohamed Salah, Aliaa Ahmed Wahby, Heba F Elgebaly
BACKGROUND: Renal transplantation (RTx) is the treatment of choice for paediatric end-stage renal disease (ESRD). A major cause of morbidity and mortality after RTx is cardiovascular disease. Independent predictors of cardiovascular events were shown to constitute an endothelial dysfunction (ED). This study aims to evaluate Visfatin serum level in comparison to brachial artery flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) as a marker of endothelial dysfunction in paediatric RTx recipients. METHODS: Visfatin serum level has been evaluated in 30 patients on regular hemodialysis (HD), 36 patients post-RTx and 30 controls as a measure for ED, and has been compared to brachial artery FMD...
April 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507581/long-term-outcomes-in-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stage-5-over-the-last-40-years
#18
Dominika Adamczuk, Maria Roszkowska-Blaim
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated outcomes in children with chronic kidney disease stage 5 (CKD 5) treated in the first pediatric dialysis unit in Poland during 1973-2012. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The retrospective analysis included 208 children with CKD 5 undergoing renal replacement therapy (RRT), stratified into four decades of treatment: 1973-1982, 1983-1992, 1993-2002, and 2003-2012. RESULTS: The most common causes of CKD 5 included glomerulonephritis in 27...
April 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485097/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-and-acute-kidney-injury-in-children-a-comprehensive-review
#19
REVIEW
Rupesh Raina, Nicholas Herrera, Vinod Krishnappa, Sidharth Kumar Sethi, Akash Deep, Wei-Ming Kao, Timothy Bunchman, Rolla Abu-Arja
AKI in the setting of HSCT is commonly investigated among adult patients. In the same way, malignancies requiring treatment with HSCT are not limited to the adult patient population, AKI following HSCT is frequently encountered within pediatric patient populations. However, inadequate information regarding epidemiology and pathophysiology specific to pediatric patients prevents development of appropriate and successful therapeutic strategies for those afflicted. Addressing AKI in the context of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome, chemotherapy, thrombotic microangiopathy and hypertension post chemotherapy, glomerulonephritis, and graft versus host disease provides greater insight into renal impairment associated with these HSCT-related ailments...
June 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481160/single-center-experience-providing-palliative-care-to-pediatric-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#20
Patricia Keefer, Katie Lehmann, Maureen Shanley, Tara Woloszyk, Erin Khang, Kera Luckritz, D'Anna Saul
BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease (ESRD) affects nearly 1400 new children each year in the United States. Morbidity and mortality rates remain high for pediatric patients with ESRD, including those that have received a renal transplant. OBJECTIVE: To better understand ESRD patients referred to palliative care, including their physical symptoms, topics discussed, and themes emerging during initial palliative care consultation. DESIGN/SUBJECTS: This study is a retrospective chart review of pediatric ESRD patients who received a palliative care consult...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
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