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Acidic stress yeast

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431563/inheritance-of-brewing-relevant-phenotypes-in-constructed-saccharomyces-cerevisiae%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-saccharomyces-eubayanus-hybrids
#1
Kristoffer Krogerus, Tuulikki Seppänen-Laakso, Sandra Castillo, Brian Gibson
BACKGROUND: Interspecific hybridization has proven to be a potentially valuable technique for generating de novo lager yeast strains that possess diverse and improved traits compared to their parent strains. To further enhance the value of hybridization for strain development, it would be desirable to combine phenotypic traits from more than two parent strains, as well as remove unwanted traits from hybrids. One such trait, that has limited the industrial use of de novo lager yeast hybrids, is their inherent tendency to produce phenolic off-flavours; an undesirable trait inherited from the Saccharomyces eubayanus parent...
April 21, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428821/genome-wide-search-for-candidate-genes-for-yeast-robustness-improvement-against-formic-acid-reveals-novel-susceptibility-trk1-and-positive-regulators-and-resistance-haa1-regulon-determinants
#2
Sílvia F Henriques, Nuno P Mira, Isabel Sá-Correia
BACKGROUND: Formic acid is an inhibitory compound present in lignocellulosic hydrolysates. Understanding the complex molecular mechanisms underlying Saccharomyces cerevisiae tolerance to this weak acid at the system level is instrumental to guide synthetic pathway engineering for robustness improvement of industrial strains envisaging their use in lignocellulosic biorefineries. RESULTS: This study was performed to identify, at a genome-wide scale, genes whose expression confers protection or susceptibility to formic acid, based on the screening of a haploid deletion mutant collection to search for these phenotypes in the presence of 60, 70 and 80 mM of this acid, at pH 4...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419348/litchi-fruit-lcnac1-is-a-target-of-lcmyc2-and-regulator-of-fruit-senescence-through-its-interaction-with-lcwrky1
#3
Guoxiang Jiang, Huiling Yan, Fuwang Wu, Dandan Zhang, Wei Zeng, Hongxia Qu, Feng Chen, Li Tan, Xuewu Duan, Yueming Jiang
Senescence is a key factor resulting in deterioration of non-climacteric fruit. NAC transcription factors are important regulators in plant development and abiotic stress responses, yet little information regarding the role of NACs in regulating non-climacteric fruit senescence is available. In this study, we cloned 13 NAC genes from litchi (Litchi chinensis) fruit, and analyzed subcellular localization and expression profiles of these genes during postharvest natural and low-temperature-delayed senescence...
April 13, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411489/kale-borack1-is-involved-in-the-plant-response-to-salt-stress-and-peronospora-brassicae-gaumann
#4
Da-Hong Li, Fu-Jia Shen, Hong-Yan Li, Wei Li
The receptor for activated C kinase 1 (RACK1) belongs to a protein subfamily containing a tryptophan-aspartic acid-domain (WD) repeat structure. Compelling evidence indicates that RACK1 can interact with many signal molecules and affect different signal transduction pathways. In this study, a kale (Brassica oleracea var. acephala f.tricolor) RACK1 gene (BoRACK1) was cloned by RT-PCR. The amino acid sequence of BoRACK1 had seven WD repeats in which there were typical GH (glycine-histidine) and WD dipeptides...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409382/yeast-response-and-tolerance-to-benzoic-acid-involves-the-gcn4-and-stp1-regulated-multidrug-multixenobiotic-resistance-transporter-tpo1
#5
Cláudia P Godinho, Nuno P Mira, Tânia R Cabrito, Miguel C Teixeira, Kaur Alasoo, Joana F Guerreiro, Isabel Sá-Correia
The action of benzoic acid in the food and beverage industries is compromised by the ability of spoilage yeasts to cope with this food preservative. Benzoic acid occurs naturally in many plants and is an intermediate compound in the biosynthesis of many secondary metabolites. The understanding of the mechanisms underlying the response and resistance to benzoic acid stress in the eukaryotic model yeast is thus crucial to design more suitable strategies to deal with this toxic lipophilic weak acid. In this study, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae multidrug transporter Tpo1 was demonstrated to confer resistance to benzoic acid...
April 13, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405910/omics-analysis-of-acetic-acid-tolerance-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#6
REVIEW
Peng Geng, Liang Zhang, Gui Yang Shi
Acetic acid is an inhibitor in industrial processes such as wine making and bioethanol production from cellulosic hydrolysate. It causes energy depletion, inhibition of metabolic enzyme activity, growth arrest and ethanol productivity losses in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Therefore, understanding the mechanisms of the yeast responses to acetic acid stress is essential for improving acetic acid tolerance and ethanol production. Although 329 genes associated with acetic acid tolerance have been identified in the Saccharomyces genome and included in the database ( http://www...
May 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398122/investigating-proteome-and-transcriptome-defense-response-of-apples-induced-by-yarrowia-lipolytica
#7
Hongyin Zhang, Liangliang Chen, Yiwen Sun, Lina Zhao, Xiangfeng Zheng, Qiya Yang, Xiaoyun Zhang
A better understanding of the mode of action of postharvest biocontrol agents on fruit surfaces is critical for the advancement of successful implementation of postharvest biocontrol products. This is due to the increasing importance of biological control of postharvest diseases over chemical and other control methods. However, most of the mechanisms involved in biological control remain unknown and need to be explored. Yarrowia lipolytica significantly inhibited blue mold decay of apples caused by Penicillium expansum...
April 2017: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392791/progress-toward-understanding-protein-s-acylation-prospective-in-plants
#8
REVIEW
Yaxiao Li, Baoxiu Qi
S-acylation, also known as S-palmitoylation or palmitoylation, is a reversible post-translational lipid modification in which long chain fatty acid, usually the 16-carbon palmitate, covalently attaches to a cysteine residue(s) throughout the protein via a thioester bond. It is involved in an array of important biological processes during growth and development, reproduction and stress responses in plant. S-acylation is a ubiquitous mechanism in eukaryotes catalyzed by a family of enzymes called Protein S-Acyl Transferases (PATs)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391495/boric-acid-inhibition-of-trichophyton-rubrum-growth-and-conidia-formation
#9
Martin Schmidt
Trichophyton rubrum is a common human dermatophyte that is the causative agent of 80-93% of fungal infections of the skin and nails. While dermatophyte infections in healthy people are easily treatable with over-the-counter medications, such infections pose a higher risk for patients with compromised immune function and impaired regenerative potential. The efficacy of boric acid (BA) for the treatment of vaginal yeast infections prompted an investigation of the effect of BA on growth and morphology of T. rubrum...
April 8, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388505/overexpression-of-cotton-pyl-genes-in-arabidopsis-enhances-the-transgenic-plant-tolerance-to-drought-stress
#10
Yun Chen, Li Feng, Ning Wei, Zhi-Hao Liu, Shan Hu, Xue-Bao Li
PYR/PYL/RCAR proteins are putative abscisic acid (ABA) receptors that play important roles in plant responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. In this study, 27 predicted PYL proteins were identified in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Sequence analysis showed they are conserved in structures. Phylogenetic analysis showed that cotton PYL family could be categorized into three groups. Yeast two-hybrid assay revealed that the GhPYL proteins selectively interacted with some GhPP2C proteins. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis indicated that the most of nine GhPYL genes were down-regulated, while the other three were up-regulated in cotton under drought stress...
March 30, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386473/isolation-of-saccharomyces-cerevisiae-from-pineapple-and-orange-and-study-of-metal-s-effectiveness-on-ethanol-production
#11
Armanul Nasir, Shafkat Shamim Rahman, Md Mahboob Hossain, Naiyyum Choudhury
In view of the anticipated shortage of the traditional supplies of fossil fuels, there is a great deal of interest in the production of ethanol as an alternative biofuel in recent years. The main objective of this research work was to isolate and characterize stress tolerant, high potential ethanol producing yeast strains from various fruit peel. Two yeast isolates from pineapple (Pa) and orange (Or) have been isolated, characterized on the basis of morphological and physic-chemical characters and optimized on ethanol producing capability using sugarcane molasses as substrate...
March 2017: European Journal of Microbiology & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369540/the-2-o-methyladenosine-nucleoside-modification-gene-ostrm13-positively-regulates-salt-stress-tolerance-in-rice
#12
Youmei Wang, Dongqin Li, Junbao Gao, Xukai Li, Rui Zhang, Xiaohuan Jin, Zhen Hu, Bo Zheng, Staffan Persson, Peng Chen
Stress induces changes of modified nucleosides in tRNA, and these changes can influence codon-anticodon interaction and therefore the translation of target proteins. Certain nucleoside modification genes are associated with regulation of stress tolerance and immune response in plants. In this study, we found a dramatic increase of 2'-O-methyladenosine (Am) nucleoside in rice seedlings subjected to salt stress and abscisic acid (ABA) treatment. We identified LOC_Os03g61750 (OsTRM13) as a rice candidate methyltransferase for the Am modification...
March 28, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369503/populus-simonii-%C3%A3-populus-nigra-wrky70-is-involved-in-salt-stress-and-leaf-blight-disease-responses
#13
Hui Zhao, Jing Jiang, Kailong Li, Guifeng Liu, Chung-Jui Tsai
WRKY transcription factors (TFs) are important regulators in the complex stress response signaling networks in plants, but the detailed mechanisms underlying these regulatory networks have not been fully characterized. In the present study, we identified a Group III WRKY gene (PsnWRKY70, Potri.016G137900) from Populussimonii × Populusnigra and explored its function under salt and pathogen stresses. The promoter sequence that is located 2471-bp upstream from the start codon (SC) of PsnWRKY70 contained many stress-responsive cis-elements...
March 22, 2017: Tree Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369145/polyethylene-glycol-functionalized-poly-lactic-acid-co-glycolic-acid-and-graphene-oxide-nanoparticles-induce-pro-inflammatory-and-apoptotic-responses-in-candida-albicans-infected-vaginal-epithelial-cells
#14
R Doug Wagner, Shemedia J Johnson, Zhixia Yan Danielsen, Jin-Hee Lim, Thilak Mudalige, Sean Linder
Mucous-penetrating nanoparticles consisting of poly lactic acid-co-glycolic acid (PLGA)-polyethylene glycol (PEG) could improve targeting of microbicidal drugs for sexually transmitted diseases by intravaginal inoculation. Nanoparticles can induce inflammatory responses, which may exacerbate the inflammation that occurs in the vaginal tracts of women with yeast infections. This study evaluated the effects of these drug-delivery nanoparticles on VK2(E6/E7) vaginal epithelial cell proinflammatory responses to Candida albicans yeast infections...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363875/improvement-of-a-continuous-ethanol-fermentation-from-sweet-sorghum-stem-juice-using-a-cell-recycling-system
#15
Arthit Thani, Pattana Laopaiboon, Lakkana Laopaiboon
The process variables (aeration rate and recycle ratio) of a continuous ethanol fermentation with a cell recycling system (CRS) by Saccharomyces cerevisiae NP 01 from sweet sorghum stem juice were optimized using response surface methodology (RSM). The relationship between intracellular composition and fermentation efficiency was also investigated. RSM results revealed that the optimum aeration rate and recycle ratio were 0.25vvm and 0.625, respectively. The validation experiment under the optimum conditions indicated high precision and reliability of the experiment, achieving an actual ethanol concentration (PE) of 99...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360937/enhanced-fermentative-performance-under-stresses-of-multiple-lignocellulose-derived-inhibitors-by-overexpression-of-a-typical-2-cys-peroxiredoxin-from-kluyveromyces-marxianus
#16
Jiaoqi Gao, Hualiang Feng, Wenjie Yuan, Yimin Li, Shengbo Hou, Shijun Zhong, Fengwu Bai
BACKGROUND: Bioethanol from lignocellulosic materials is of great significance to the production of renewable fuels due to its wide sources. However, multiple inhibitors generated from pretreatments represent great challenges for its industrial-scale fermentation. Despite the complex toxicity mechanisms, lignocellulose-derived inhibitors have been reported to be related to the levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), which makes oxidoreductase a potential target for the enhancement of the tolerance of yeasts to these inhibitors...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360936/hybridization-and-adaptive-evolution-of-diverse-saccharomyces-species-for-cellulosic-biofuel-production
#17
David Peris, Ryan V Moriarty, William G Alexander, EmilyClare Baker, Kayla Sylvester, Maria Sardi, Quinn K Langdon, Diego Libkind, Qi-Ming Wang, Feng-Yan Bai, Jean-Baptiste Leducq, Guillaume Charron, Christian R Landry, José Paulo Sampaio, Paula Gonçalves, Katie E Hyma, Justin C Fay, Trey K Sato, Chris Todd Hittinger
BACKGROUND: Lignocellulosic biomass is a common resource across the globe, and its fermentation offers a promising option for generating renewable liquid transportation fuels. The deconstruction of lignocellulosic biomass releases sugars that can be fermented by microbes, but these processes also produce fermentation inhibitors, such as aromatic acids and aldehydes. Several research projects have investigated lignocellulosic biomass fermentation by the baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358306/effect-of-the-biofilm-age-and-starvation-on-acid-tolerance-of-biofilm-formed-by-streptococcus-mutans-isolated-from-caries-active-and-caries-free-adults
#18
Shan Jiang, Shuai Chen, Chengfei Zhang, Xingfu Zhao, Xiaojing Huang, Zhiyu Cai
Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) is considered a leading cause of dental caries. The capability of S. mutans to tolerate low pH is essential for its cariogenicity. Aciduricity of S. mutans is linked to its adaptation to environmental stress in oral cavity. This study aimed to investigate the effect of biofilm age and starvation condition on acid tolerance of biofilm formed by S. mutans clinical isolates. S. mutans clinical strains isolated from caries-active (SM593) and caries-free (SM18) adults and a reference strain (ATCC25175) were used for biofilm formation...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357389/mutational-analysis-of-fructose-1-6-bis-phosphatase-fbp1-indicates-partially-independent-functions-in-gluconeogenesis-and-sensitivity-to-genotoxic-stress
#19
Ali Ghanem, Ana Kitanovic, Jinda Holzwarth, Stefan Wölfl
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBP1) is a key enzyme in the evolutionary conserved pathway of gluconeogenesis. We had shown in an earlier study that FBP1 is involved in the response and sensitivity to methyl-methanesulfonate (MMS)-induced DNA damage in yeast. In the work presented here we performed an alanine screen mutational analysis of several evolutionary conserved amino acid residues of FBP1, which were selected based on conserved residues and structural studies of mammalian and yeast homologues of FBP1...
February 1, 2017: Microbial Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357388/balanced-coq6-biosynthesis-is-required-for-lifespan-and-mitophagy-in-yeast
#20
Isabel González-Mariscal, Aléjandro Martín-Montalvo, Cristina Ojeda-González, Adolfo Rodríguez-Eguren, Purificación Gutiérrez-Ríos, Plácido Navas, Carlos Santos-Ocaña
Coenzyme Q is an essential lipid with redox capacity that is present in all organisms. In yeast its biosynthesis depends on a multiprotein complex in which Coq7 protein has both catalytic and regulatory functions. Coq7 modulates CoQ6 levels through a phosphorylation cycle, where dephosphorylation of three amino acids (Ser/Thr) by the mitochondrial phosphatase Ptc7 increases the levels of CoQ6. Here we analyzed the role of Ptc7 and the phosphorylation state of Coq7 in yeast mitochondrial function. The conversion of the three Ser/Thr to alanine led to a permanently active form of Coq7 that caused a 2...
February 3, 2017: Microbial Cell
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