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Acid stress yeast

Su Jin Kang, Ji Yeon Seo, Kye Man Cho, Chang Kwon Lee, Jeong Hwan Kim, Jong-Sang Kim
A new type of doenjang was manufactured by mixing soaked soybean, koji (Rhizopus oryzae), cheonggukjang (Bacillus amyloliquefaciens MJ1-4 and B. amyloliquefaciens EMD17), and Pichia farinosa SY80 as a yeast, salt, and water, followed by fermentation with koji that was made by fermenting whole wheat with R. oryzae. The mixed culture doenjang was designed to have a more palatable flavor and stronger biological activities than the conventional product. The extract of mixed culture doenjang showed higher antioxidant activity than the commercial doenjang as evaluated by the ferric reducing antioxidant power assay although it was not significantly different from the commercial product in 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) radical scavenging activities...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
Upendarrao Golla, Deepthi Joseph, Raghuvir Singh Tomar
Valproic acid (VA) is a pharmacologically important histone deacetylase inhibitor that recently garnered attention as an anticancer agent. Since the molecular mechanisms behind the multiple effects of VA are unclear, this study was aimed to unravel the comprehensive cellular processes affected by VA and its molecular targets in vivo using budding yeast as a model organism. Interestingly, genome-wide transcriptome analysis of cells treated with VA showed differential regulation of 30% of the genome. Functional enrichment analysis of VA transcriptome evidenced alteration of various cellular processes including cell cycle, cell wall biogenesis, DNA repair, ion homeostasis, metabolism, stress response, transport and ribosomal biogenesis, etc...
October 13, 2016: Scientific Reports
Weiwei Li, Ming Chen, Erhui Wang, Liqin Hu, Malcolm J Hawkesford, Li Zhong, Zhu Chen, Zhaoshi Xu, Liancheng Li, Yongbin Zhou, Changhong Guo, Youzhi Ma
BACKGROUND: Autophagy is a cellular degradation process that is highly evolutionarily-conserved in yeast, plants, and animals. In plants, autophagy plays important roles in regulating intracellular degradation and recycling of amino acids in response to nutrient starvation, senescence, and other environmental stresses. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) has strong resistance to stresses and has been proposed as an ideal material for use in the study of the physiological mechanisms of abiotic stress tolerance in plants...
October 12, 2016: BMC Genomics
Asma Timoumi, Mégane Cléret, Carine Bideaux, Stéphane E Guillouet, Yohan Allouche, Carole Molina-Jouve, Luc Fillaudeau, Nathalie Gorret
Yarrowia lipolytica, a non-conventional yeast with a promising biotechnological potential, is able to undergo metabolic and morphological changes in response to environmental conditions. The effect of pH perturbations of different types (pulses, Heaviside) on the dynamic behavior of Y. lipolytica W29 strain was characterized under two modes of culture: batch and continuous. In batch cultures, different pH (4.5, 5.6 (optimal condition), and 7) were investigated in order to identify the pH inducing a stress response (metabolic and/or morphologic) in Y...
October 11, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Santhosh Kumar Sariki, Pushpendra Kumar Sahu, Upendarrao Golla, Vikash Singh, Gajendra Kumar Azad, Raghuvir S Tomar
Mutations in the Senataxin gene, SETX are known to cause the neurodegenerative disorders, ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 2 (AOA2) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 4 (ALS4). However, the mechanism underlying disease pathogenesis is still unclear. The Senataxin N-terminal protein-interaction and C-terminal RNA/DNA helicase domains are conserved in the Saccharomyces cerevisiae homolog, Sen1p. Using genome-wide expression analysis, we first show alterations in key cellular pathways such as; redox, unfolded protein response and TOR in the yeastsen1ΔN mutant (N terminal truncation)...
October 8, 2016: FEBS Journal
Yuanyuan Bu, Bo Sun, Aimin Zhou, Xinxin Zhang, Testuo Takano, Shenkui Liu
BACKGROUND: Abiotic stresses are serious threats to plant growth, productivity and result in crop loss worldwide, reducing average yields of most major crops. Although abiotic stresses might elicit different plant responses, most induce the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plant cells leads to oxidative damage. L-ascorbic acid (AsA, vitamin C) is known as an antioxidant and H2O2-scavenger that defends plants against abiotic stresses. In addition, vitamin C is also an important component of human nutrition that has to be obtained from different foods...
October 7, 2016: BMC Biotechnology
Rosalinda Knight, Vicki L Marlatt, Josh A Baker, Bonnie P Lo, Adrian M H deBruyn, James R Elphick, Christopher J Martyniuk
Dietary Se has been shown to adversely affect adult fish by altering growth rates and metabolism. To determine the underlying mechanisms associated with these observations, we measured biochemical and transcriptomic endpoints in rainbow trout following dietary Se exposures. Treatment groups of juvenile rainbow trout were fed either control Lumbriculus variegatus worms or worms cultured on selenized yeast. Selenized yeast was cultured at four nominal doses of 5, 10, 20 or 40mg/kg Se dry weight (measured dose in the worms of 7...
September 22, 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
Liliana Godoy, Patricia Vera-Wolf, Claudio Martinez, Juan A Ugalde, María Angélica Ganga
Brettanomyces bruxellensis has been described as the main contaminant yeast in wine production, due to its ability to convert the hydroxycinnamic acids naturally present in the grape phenolic derivatives, into volatile phenols. Currently, there are no studies in B. bruxellensis which explains the resistance mechanisms to hydroxycinnamic acids, and in particular to p-coumaric acid which is directly involved in alterations to wine. In this work, we performed a transcriptome analysis of B. bruxellensis LAMAP248rown in the presence and absence of p-coumaric acid during lag phase...
September 28, 2016: Scientific Reports
David Huyben, Aleksandar Vidakovic, Andreas Nyman, Markus Langeland, Torbjörn Lundh, Anders Kiessling
Yeast is a potential alternative to fish meal in diets for farmed fish, yet replacing more than 50 % of fish meal results in reduced fish growth. In a 4-week experiment, 15 rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were cannulated and fed three diets each week: 30 % fish meal as a control (FM); 60 % replacement of fish meal protein, on a digestible basis, with Saccharomyces cerevisiae (SC); and 60 % replacement with Wickerhamomyces anomalus and S. cerevisiae mix (WA). Blood was collected at 0, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h after feeding...
September 27, 2016: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Joana Fernandes Guerreiro, Alexander Muir, Subramaniam Ramachandran, Jeremy Thorner, Isabel Sá-Correia
Acetic acid-induced inhibition of yeast growth and metabolism limits the productivity of industrial fermentation processes, especially when lignocellulosic hydrolysates are used as feedstock in industrial biotechnology. Tolerance to acetic acid of food spoilage yeasts is also a problem in the preservation of acidic foods and beverages. Thus, understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying adaptation and tolerance to acetic acid stress is increasingly important in Industrial Biotechnology and Food Industry...
September 26, 2016: Biochemical Journal
Hao Wu, Bing Fu, Peipei Sun, Chang Xiao, Ji-Hong Liu
Arginine decarboxylase (ADC)-mediated putrescine biosynthesis plays an important role in plant stress responses, but the transcriptional regulation of ADC in response to abiotic stress is not well understood. We isolated a NAM, ATAF1/2 and CUC (NAC) domain-containing transcription factor PtrNAC72 from trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata (L.) Raf.) by yeast one-hybrid screening. PtrNAC72, localized to the nucleus, specifically binds to the promoter of PtADC and acts as a transcriptional repressor. PtrNAC72 expression was induced by cold, drought, and abscisic acid...
September 23, 2016: Plant Physiology
Dongni Yan, Xiaobao Lin, Yanli Qi, Hui Liu, Xiulai Chen, Liming Liu, Jian Chen
The asexual facultative aerobic haploid yeast Candida glabrata is widely used in the industrial production of various organic acids. To elucidate the physiological function of the transcription factor CgCrz1p and its role in tolerance to acid stress we deleted or overexpressed the corresponding gene CgCRZ1 Deletion of CgCRZ1 resulted in a 60% decrease in dry cell weight (DCW) and a 50% drop in cell viability compared to the wild type at pH 2.0. Expression of lipid metabolism-associated genes was also significantly down-regulated...
September 23, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Luisa Rubino, Nicoletta Guaragnella, Sergio Giannattasio
A universal feature of the replication of positive-strand RNA viruses is the association with intracellular membranes. Carnation Italian ringspot virus (CIRV) replication in plants occurs in vesicles derived from the mitochondrial outer membrane. The product encoded by CIRV ORF1, p36, is required for targeting the virus replication complex to the outer mitochondrial membrane both in plant and yeast cells. Here the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae was used as a model host to study the effect of CIRV p36 on cell survival and death...
September 13, 2016: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
Kang-Wei Lin, Chuan-Jun Yang, Hui-Yong Lian, Peng Cai
In this study, we investigated the transcriptional response to 50 Hz extremely low frequency electromagnetic field (ELF-EMF) and 2.0 GHz radio frequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF) exposure by Illumina sequencing technology using budding yeast as the model organism. The transcription levels of 28 genes were upregulated and those of four genes were downregulated under ELF-EMF exposure, while the transcription levels of 29 genes were upregulated and those of 24 genes were downregulated under RF-EMF exposure...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Stephan Löser, Lisa G Gregory, Youming Zhang, Katrein Schaefer, Simone A Walker, James Buckley, Laura Denney, Charlotte H Dean, William O C Cookson, Miriam F Moffatt, Clare M Lloyd
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies have identified the ORMDL3 (ORM (yeast)-like protein isoform 3) gene locus on human chromosome 17q to be a highly significant risk factor for childhood-onset asthma. OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate in vivo the functional role of ORMDL3 in disease inception. METHODS: An Ormdl3 deficient mouse was generated and the role of ORMDL3 in the generation of allergic airways disease to the fungal aeroallergen Alternaria alternata determined...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Zhongpeng Guo, Lisbeth Olsson
High initial cell density is used to increase volumetric productivity and shorten production time in lignocellulosic hydrolysate fermentation. Comparison of physiological parameters in high initial cell density cultivation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae in the presence of acetic, formic, levulinic and cinnamic acid demonstrated general and acid-specific response of cells. All the acids studied impaired growth and inhibited glycolytic flux, and caused oxidative stress and accumulation of trehalose. However, trehalose may play a role other than protecting yeast cells from acid-induced oxidative stress...
September 11, 2016: FEMS Yeast Research
Júlia Ribeiro Soares, Edésio J T Melo, Maura da Cunha, Kátia Valevski Sales Fernandes, Gabriel Bonan Taveira, Lidia da Silva Pereira, Samy Pimenta, Fernanda Gomes Trindade, Mariana Regente, Marcela Pinedo, Laura de la Canal, Valdirene Moreira Gomes, André de Oliveira Carvalho
BACKGROUND: Plant defensins were discovered at beginning of the 90s'; however, their precise mechanism of action is still unknown. Herein, we studied ApDef1-Saccharomyces cerevisiae interaction. METHODS: ApDef1-S. cerevisiae interaction was studied by determining the MIC, viability and death kinetic assays. Viability assay was repeated with hydroxyurea synchronized-yeast and pretreated with CCCP. Plasma membrane permeabilization, ROS induction, chromatin condensation, and caspase activation analyses were assessed through Sytox green, DAB, DAPI and FITC-VAD-FMK, respectively...
September 7, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Ying Zhang, Hongjun Yu, Xueyong Yang, Qiang Li, Jian Ling, Hong Wang, Xingfang Gu, Sanwen Huang, Weijie Jiang
Plant WRKY transcription factors are trans-regulatory proteins that are involved in plant immune responses, development and senescence; however, their roles in abiotic stress are still not well understood, especially in the horticultural crop cucumber. In this study, a novel cucumber WRKY gene, CsWRKY46 was cloned and identified, which was up-regulated in response to cold stress and exogenous abscisic acid (ABA) treatment. CsWRKY46 is belonging to group II of the WRKY family, CsWRKY46 was found exclusively in the nucleus, as indicated by a transient expression assay...
August 27, 2016: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Dakshayini G Chandrashekarappa, Rhonda R McCartney, Allyson F O'Donnell, Martin C Schmidt
Saccharomyces cerevisiae express three isoforms of Snf1 kinase that differ by which β subunit is present, Gal83, Sip1 or Sip2. Here we investigate the abundance, activation, localization and signaling specificity of the three Snf1 isoforms. The relative abundance of these isoforms was assessed by quantitative immunoblotting using two different protein extraction methods and by fluorescence microscopy. The Gal83 containing isoform is the most abundant in all assays while the abundance of the Sip1 and Sip2 isoforms is typically underestimated especially in glass-bead extractions...
December 2016: Cellular Signalling
Akinori Matsushika, Kanako Negi, Toshihiro Suzuki, Tetsuya Goshima, Tamotsu Hoshino
The use of yeasts tolerant to acid (low pH) and salt stress is of industrial importance for several bioproduction processes. To identify new candidate genes having potential roles in low-pH tolerance, we screened an expression genomic DNA library of a multiple-stress-tolerant yeast, Issatchenkia orientalis (Pichia kudriavzevii), for clones that allowed Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells to grow under highly acidic conditions (pH 2.0). A genomic DNA clone containing two putative open reading frames was obtained, of which the putative protein-coding gene comprising 1629 bp was retransformed into the host...
2016: PloS One
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