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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351054/drug-delivery-to-the-posterior-segment-of-the-eye
#1
Elad Moisseiev, Anat Loewenstein
Drug delivery into the posterior segment of the eye is complicated by the existence of the blood-ocular barrier. Strategies for delivering drugs to the posterior segment include systemic administration, modification of the barrier, and local drug delivery (including transcorneal, transscleral, and intravitreal). The most commonly used method for drug delivery into the posterior segment is by intravitreal injection. Other routes that can be used to achieve therapeutic drug levels in the posterior segment include topical, iontophoretic, and juxtascleral delivery...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350451/ros-switchable-polymeric-nanoplatform-with-stimuli-responsive-release-for-active-targeted-drug-delivery-to-breast-cancer
#2
Yu Zhang, Qin Guo, Sai An, Yifei Lu, Jianfeng Li, Xi He, Lisha Liu, Yujie Zhang, Tao Sun, Chen Jiang
Tumor microenvironment plays a vital role in the process of tumor development, proliferation, invasion, and metastasis. It is well acknowledged that reduction in pH, reactive oxygen species (ROS), and increased level of glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) have become featured intracellular and extracellular biochemical markers of cancer owing to oncogenic transformation and abnormal metabolism. To establish a distinctive drug delivery system directed against the tumor microenvironment features, we develop a newly engineered polymeric nanoplatform for efficient doxorubicin (DOX) delivery with reduced systemic toxicity and high antitumor efficiency...
March 28, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350442/engineered-polymer-transferrin-conjugates-as-self-assembling-targeted-drug-delivery-systems
#3
Hiteshri Makwana, Francesca Mastrotto, Johannes Pall Magnusson, Darrell Sleep, Joanna Hay, Karl J Nicholls, Stephanie Allen, Cameron Alexander
Polymer-protein conjugates can be engineered to self-assemble into discrete and well-defined drug delivery systems which combine the advantages of receptor targeting and controlled drug release. We designed specific conjugates of the iron-binding and transport protein, transferrin (Tf), to combine the advantages of this serum-stable protein as a targeting agent for cancer cells with self-assembling polymers to act as carriers of cytotoxic drugs. Tf variants were expressed with cysteine residues at sites spanning different regions of the protein surface and the polymer conjugates grown from these variants were compared with polymer conjugates grown from non-selectively derivatised sites on native Tf...
March 28, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346375/liposomal-formulations-in-clinical-use-an-updated-review
#4
REVIEW
Upendra Bulbake, Sindhu Doppalapudi, Nagavendra Kommineni, Wahid Khan
Liposomes are the first nano drug delivery systems that have been successfully translated into real-time clinical applications. These closed bilayer phospholipid vesicles have witnessed many technical advances in recent years since their first development in 1965. Delivery of therapeutics by liposomes alters their biodistribution profile, which further enhances the therapeutic index of various drugs. Extensive research is being carried out using these nano drug delivery systems in diverse areas including the delivery of anti-cancer, anti-fungal, anti-inflammatory drugs and therapeutic genes...
March 27, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346198/basics-of-sterile-compounding-biopharmaceutics-of-injectable-dosage-forms
#5
Michael J Akers
Biopharmaceutics studies the relationship between the drug product and what happens after the product is administered. Since the majority of injectables are administered by the intravenous route, thus avoiding the need for drug absorption, not many articles are published compared to other routes of drug administration. However, other routes of administration for drug injection are becoming more frequent because of greater commercial availability of sustained- and controlled-release drug delivery systems. This article reviews basic principles of drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination of injectable drugs and certain physicochemical and physiological factors affecting injectable drug biopharmaceutics...
January 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345880/detecting-proteins-glycosylation-by-a-homogeneous-reaction-system-with-zwitterionic-gold-nanoclusters
#6
Jinan Li, Jing Liu, Zheyi Liu, Yuan Tan, Xiaoyan Liu, Fangjun Wang
Homogeneous gold nanoclusters (Au NCs) have been widely utilized in drug delivery, chemical sensing, bioassays and bio-labeling due to their unique physical and chemical properties. However, little attention has been paid to their application in detecting protein post-translational modifications. Herein, we describe development of a homogeneous reaction system with water-soluble zwitterionic Au NCs to capture glycopeptides from complex biological samples. The unique characteristics of Au NCs, such as their molecular-like properties, the excellent homogeneity in aqueous solution, the organic solvent respon-sive precipitation, and the easy preparation in only 4...
March 27, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345435/predicting-adherence-and-persistence-with-oral-bisphosphonate-therapy-in-an-integrated-health-care-delivery-system
#7
Rita L Hui, Annette L Adams, Fang Niu, Bruce Ettinger, David K Yi, Malini Chandra, Joan C Lo
BACKGROUND: Examining drug exposure is essential to pharmacovigilance, especially for bisphosphonate (BP) therapy. OBJECTIVE: To examine differences in 4 measures of oral BP exposure: treatment discontinuation, adherence, persistence, and nonpersistence. METHODS: Among women aged ≥ 50 years who initiated oral BP therapy during 2002-2007 with at least 3 years of health plan membership follow-up, discontinuation was defined by evidence of no further treatment during the study observation period...
April 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345030/wearable-disposable-sweat-based-glucose-monitoring-device-with-multistage-transdermal-drug-delivery-module
#8
Hyunjae Lee, Changyeong Song, Yong Seok Hong, Min Sung Kim, Hye Rim Cho, Taegyu Kang, Kwangsoo Shin, Seung Hong Choi, Taeghwan Hyeon, Dae-Hyeong Kim
Electrochemical analysis of sweat using soft bioelectronics on human skin provides a new route for noninvasive glucose monitoring without painful blood collection. However, sweat-based glucose sensing still faces many challenges, such as difficulty in sweat collection, activity variation of glucose oxidase due to lactic acid secretion and ambient temperature changes, and delamination of the enzyme when exposed to mechanical friction and skin deformation. Precise point-of-care therapy in response to the measured glucose levels is still very challenging...
March 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344488/direct-and-enhanced-delivery-of-nanoliposomes-of-anti-schizophrenic-agent-to-the-brain-through-nasal-route
#9
Pratik Upadhyay, Jatin Trivedi, Kilambi Pundarikakshudu, Navin Sheth
The problem of inadequate oral bioavailability of Quetiapine Fumarate, a lipophilic drug used for schizophrenia, due to hepatic metabolism and repulsion by brain barrier was attempted in this study. Combination of two approaches, viz. Quetiapine inclusion into the liposomal carrier for better diffusion and administration through nasal route to avoid hepatic metabolism and barrier elimination was applied. Thin film hydration followed by sonication method was employed in liposome preparation and the formulation was optimized using 3(2) full factorial design...
March 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343392/pharmacokinetic-and-biodistribution-studies-of-hpma-copolymer-conjugates-in-an-aseptic-implant-loosening-mouse-model
#10
Xin Wei, Fei Li, Gang Zhao, Yashpal Singh S Chhonker, Christine Elise Averill, Josselyn Galdamez, P Edward Purdue, Xiaoyan Wang, Edward V Fehringer, Kevin L Garvin, Steven R Goldring, Yazen Alnouti, Dong Wang
N-(2-Hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymers were previously found to represent a versatile delivery platform for the early detection and intervention of orthopedic implant loosening. In this manuscript, we evaluated the impact of different structural parameters of the HPMA copolymeric system (e.g. molecular weight (MW), drug content) to its pharmacokinetics and biodistribution (PK/BD) profile. Using 125I, Alexa Fluor® 488 and IRDye® 800 CW-labeled HPMA copolymer-dexamethasone (P-Dex) conjugates with different MW and dexamethasone (Dex) contents, we found the MW to be the predominant impact factor on the PK/BD profiles of P-Dex, with Dex content as a secondary impact factor...
March 25, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343184/regulatory-role-of-ngfs-in-neurocognitive-functions
#11
Ashutosh Kumar, Vikas Pareek, Muneeb A Faiq, Pavan Kumar, Khursheed Raza, Pranav Prasoon, Subrahamanyam Dantham, Sankat Mochan
Nerve growth factors (NGFs), especially the prototype NGF and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), have a diverse array of functions in the central nervous system through their peculiar set of receptors and intricate signaling. They are implicated not only in the development of the nervous system but also in regulation of neurocognitive functions like learning, memory, synaptic transmission, and plasticity. Evidence even suggests their role in continued neurogenesis and experience-dependent neural network remodeling in adult brain...
March 27, 2017: Reviews in the Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343019/a-new-opportunity-for-nanomedicines-micellar-cytochrome-p450-inhibitors-to-improve-drug-efficacy-in-a-cancer-therapy-model
#12
Marion Paolini, Laurence Poul, Audrey Darmon, Matthieu Germain, Agnès Pottier, Laurent Levy, Eric Vibert
Nanomedicines are mainly used as drug delivery systems; here we evaluate a new application - to inhibit a drug's metabolism thereby enhancing its effective dose. Micelles containing the natural furanocoumarin 6',7'-dihydroxybergamottin (DHB), a known CYP450 inhibitor, were developed to transiently block hepatic CYP450-mediated drug metabolism and increase the bioavailability of the oncology drug docetaxel. Administered in mice 24hours prior to the drug, DHB-micelles enhanced antitumor efficacy in the tumor xenograft models HT-29 and MDA-MB-231, when compared to the drug alone...
March 22, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343018/cus-as-a-gatekeeper-of-mesoporous-upconversion-nanoparticles-based-drug-controlled-release-system-for-tumor-targeted-multimodal-imaging-and-synergetic-chemo-thermotherapy
#13
Xiangjie Su, Feifei Zhao, Yuhui Wang, Xiaosa Yan, Shaona Jia, Bin Du
In this work, a tumor-targeted multifunctional mesoporous upconversion nanoparticle-based drug controlled release system was developed for UCL/MRI/PAT guided synergetic chemo- thermotherapy. Herein, the core-shell mesoporous upconversion nanoparticles served as drug carrier exhibiting higher upconversion luminescence emission intensity, with CuS as a gatekeeper through a cleavable disulfide bond under the influence of glutathione. CuS could not only prevent drug from early release during the delivery but also improve the delivery system function with the ability of photothermal therapy and photoacoustic tomography...
March 22, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343014/natural-lipids-enriched-self-nano-emulsifying-systems-for-effective-co-delivery-of-tamoxifen-and-naringenin-systematic-approach-for-improved-breast-cancer-therapeutics
#14
Premjeet Singh Sandhu, Rajendra Kumar, Sarwar Beg, Sanyog Jain, Varun Kushwah, O P Katare, Bhupinder Singh
The nano-miceller drug delivery carriers of tamoxifen (TMX) having natural ingredients like polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) with self-nano-emulsifying properties was developed with naringenin (NG) in a synergistic manner i.e. TMX-NG-SNEDDS. The optimized nano-formulation revealed complete drug release in 30min and >80% permeation in 45min. Superior cellular uptake potential (4.6 to 6.5-fold) of the TMX-NG-SNEDDS using Caco-2 cells while cytotoxicity study on MCF-7 cells indicated significant results (P<0...
March 23, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342788/analytical-ultracentrifugation-for-analysis-of-doxorubicin-loaded-liposomes
#15
Dora Mehn, Patrizia Iavicoli, Noelia Cabaleiro, Sven Even Borgos, Fanny Caputo, Otmar Geiss, Luigi Calzolai, François Rossi, Douglas Gilliland
Analytical ultracentrifugation (AUC) is a powerful tool for the study of particle size distributions and interactions with high accuracy and resolution. In this work, we show how the analysis of sedimentation velocity data from the AUC can be used to characterize nanocarrier drug delivery systems used in nanomedicine. Nanocarrier size distribution and the ratio of free versus nanoparticle-encapsulated drug in a commercially available liposomal doxorubicin formulation are determined using interference and absorbance based AUC measurements and compared with results generated with conventional techniques...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342057/preparation-of-drug-loaded-plga-peg-nanoparticles-by-membrane-assisted-nanoprecipitation
#16
Airama Albisa, Emma Piacentini, Victor Sebastian, Manuel Arruebo, Jesus Santamaria, Lidietta Giorno
PURPOSE: The aim of this work is to develop a scalable continuous system suitable for the formulation of polymeric nanoparticles using membrane-assisted nanoprecipitation. One of the hurdles to overcome in the use of nanostructured materials as drug delivery vectors is their availability at industrial scale. Innovation in process technology is required to translate laboratory production into mass production while preserving their desired nanoscale characteristics. METHODS: Membrane-assisted nanoprecipitation has been used for the production of Poly[(D,L lactide-co-glycolide)-co-poly ethylene glycol] diblock) (PLGA-PEG) nanoparticles using a pulsed back-and-forward flow arrangement...
March 24, 2017: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341562/deformable-discoidal-polymeric-nanoconstructs-for-the-precise-delivery-of-therapeutic-and-imaging-agents
#17
REVIEW
Anna Lisa Palange, Roberto Palomba, Ilaria F Rizzuti, Miguel Ferreira, Paolo Decuzzi
Over the last 15 years, a plethora of materials and different formulations have been proposed for the realization of nanomedicines. Yet drug-loading efficiency, sequestration by phagocytic cells, and tumor accumulation are sub-optimal. This would imply that radically new design approaches are needed to propel the clinical integration of nanomedicines, overcoming well-accepted clichés. This work briefly reviews the use of deformable discoidal nanoconstructs as a novel delivery strategy for therapeutic and imaging agents...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341549/a-quantitative-method-for-screening-and-identifying-molecular-targets-for-nanomedicine
#18
Peng Guo, Jiang Yang, Diane R Bielenberg, Deborah Dillon, David Zurakowski, Marsha A Moses, Debra T Auguste
Identifying a molecular target is essential for tumor-targeted nanomedicine. Current cancer nanomedicines commonly suffer from poor tumor specificity, "off-target" toxicity, and limited clinical efficacy. Here, we report a method to screen and identify new molecular targets for tumor-targeted nanomedicine based on a quantitative analysis. In our proof-of-principle study, we used comparative flow cytometric screening to identify ICAM-1 as a potential target for metastatic melanoma (MM). We further evaluated ICAM-1 as a MM targeting moiety by characterizing its (1) tumor specificity, (2) expression level, (3) cellular internalization, (4) therapeutic function, and (5) potential clinical impact...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340542/expectations-and-attitudes-of-individuals-with-type-1-diabetes-after-using-a-hybrid-closed-loop-system
#19
Esti Iturralde, Molly L Tanenbaum, Sarah J Hanes, Sakinah C Suttiratana, Jodie M Ambrosino, Trang T Ly, David M Maahs, Diana Naranjo, Natalie Walders-Abramson, Stuart A Weinzimer, Bruce A Buckingham, Korey K Hood
Purpose The first hybrid closed loop (HCL) system, which automates insulin delivery but requires user inputs, was approved for treatment of type 1 diabetes (T1D) by the US Food and Drug Administration in September 2016. The purpose of this study was to explore the benefits, expectations, and attitudes of individuals with T1D following a clinical trial of an HCL system. Methods Thirty-two individuals with T1D (17 adults, 15 adolescents) participated in focus groups after 4 to 5 days of system use. Content analysis generated themes regarding perceived benefits, hassles, and limitations...
April 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340041/bleeding-complications-in-patients-undergoing-intrathecal-drug-delivery-system-implantation
#20
Nafisseh S Warner, Markus A Bendel, Matthew A Warner, Jacob J Strand, Halena M Gazelka, Bryan C Hoelzer, William D Mauck, Tim J Lamer, Daryl J Kor, Susan M Moeschler
Introduction.:  Intrathecal drug delivery systems (IDDSs) have dramatically improved analgesia and the functional status of cancer patients and those with chronic pain states. However, given the close proximity to the neuraxis and frequent concomitant use of antiplatelet or anticoagulant medications, this intervention is not without risk. The goal of this investigation was to determine the incidence of bleeding complications following IDDS placement. Methods.:  This is a retrospective review from 2005 through 2014 of adult patients undergoing IDDS implantation or revision at a tertiary care center...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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