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drug delivery system

Clizia Guccione, Maria Camilla Bergonzi, Khaled M Awada, Vieri Piazzini, Anna Rita Bilia
The aim of this study was the development and characterization of lipid nanocarriers using food grade components for oral delivery of Serenoa repens CO2 extract, namely microemulsions (MEs) and self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems (SMEDDSs) to improve the oral absorption. A commercial blend (CB) containing 320 of S. repens CO2 extract plus the aqueous soluble extracts of nettle root and pineapple stem was formulated in two MEs and two SMEDDSs. The optimized ME loaded with the CB (CBM2) had a very low content of water (only 17...
March 15, 2018: Planta Medica
Muyang Yang, Lixia Yu, Ruiwei Guo, Anjie Dong, Cunguo Lin, Jianhua Zhang
Synergistic combination therapy by integrating chemotherapeutics and chemosensitizers into nanoparticles has demonstrated great potential to reduce side effects, overcome multidrug resistance (MDR), and thus improve therapeutic efficacy. However, with regard to the nanocarriers for multidrug codelivery, it remains a strong challenge to maintain design simplicity, while incorporating the desirable multifunctionalities, such as coloaded high payloads, targeted delivery, hemodynamic stability, and also to ensure low drug leakage before reaching the tumor site, but simultaneously the corelease of drugs in the same cancer cell...
March 15, 2018: Nanomaterials
Fabio Sonvico, Adryana Clementino, Francesca Buttini, Gaia Colombo, Silvia Pescina, Silvia Stanisçuaski Guterres, Adriana Raffin Pohlmann, Sara Nicoli
In the field of nasal drug delivery, nose-to-brain delivery is among the most fascinating applications, directly targeting the central nervous system, bypassing the blood brain barrier. Its benefits include dose lowering and direct brain distribution of potent drugs, ultimately reducing systemic side effects. Recently, nasal administration of insulin showed promising results in clinical trials for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Nanomedicines could further contribute to making nose-to-brain delivery a reality...
March 15, 2018: Pharmaceutics
Gabriel Carvajal, Denis Dupoiron, Valerie Seegers, Nathalie Lebrec, François Boré, Pierre-Yves Dubois, Damien Leblanc, Thierry Delorme, Sabrina Jubier-Hamon
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer-related death in Europe and the United States. Studies have demonstrated that patients with pancreatic cancer have a high prevalence of pain, with rates varying from 47% to 82%. Analgesia using intrathecal drug delivery systems (IDDS) has been poorly studied specifically in this population. METHODS: The IDDS for pancreatic cancer pain was a follow-up observational study designed to evaluate 11-year results of IDDS for refractory pancreatic cancer pain at the Institut de Cancérologie de L'Ouest, Paul Papin in France...
March 14, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
E Millart, S Lesieur, V Faivre
Introduction The development of multifunctional drug carriers provides many opportunities in the field of drug delivery. Among them, carriers loaded with both drug and superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles would allow the combination of chemotherapy with the possibility of monitoring or controlling the distribution of the nanocarrier in the body, triggering drug release and/or applying a synergistic hyperthermia treatment. Areas covered The present review covers biocompatible lipid-based nanotechnologies that have been employed to co-encapsulate drug and iron oxide...
March 15, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Haeree Park, Yeongkyu Choi, M T Jeena, Eungjin Ahn, Yuri Choi, Myeong-Gyun Kang, Chae Gyu Lee, Tae-Hyuk Kwon, Hyun-Woo Rhee, Ja-Hyoung Ryu, Byeong-Su Kim
Owing to the unique advantages of combining the characteristics of hydrogels and nanoparticles, nanogels are actively investigated as a promising platform for advanced biomedical applications. In this work, a self-cross-linked hyperbranched polyglycerol nanogel is synthesized using the thiol-disulfide exchange reaction based on a novel disulfide-containing polymer. A series of structural analyses confirm the tunable size and cross-linking density depending on the type of polymer (homo- or copolymer) and the amount of reducing agent, dithiothreitol, used in the preparation of the nanogels...
March 15, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Juan Li, Yang Du, Zhenqi Jiang, Yuchen Tian, Nianxiang Qiu, Yinjie Wang, Muhammad Zubair Lqbal, Menying Hu, Ruifen Zou, Lijia Luo, Shiyu Du, Jie Tian, Aiguo Wu
Due to the molecular and cellular heterogeneity of glioma, discovery of novel targeted sites and ligands for glioma imaging and therapy remains challenging. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) Y1 receptors (Y1 Rs) are highly over expressed in various brain tumors including glioma, and can serve as potential targeting sites for glioma imaging and therapy. Here, we show by in vivo fluorescent imaging that a highly selective Y1 R ligand, [Asn6 , Pro34 ] NPY (AP-NPY), facilitated circumvention of the blood brain barrier (BBB) by nanomicelles specifically targeting glioma...
March 15, 2018: Nanoscale
Ling Gui Ning, En-Tang Kang, Yun Bing Wang, Xue Feng Hu, Li Qun Xu
Traditional use of antibiotics through injection or oral ingestion has many disadvantages, such as detrimental side effects in the host, less effectiveness, high and repeated doses, and development of drug resistance. For prevention and treatment of implant-associated infections, the continuous local delivery of antibiotics is required. Thus, there is a strong demand for the development of drug carrier systems to control the release of antibiotics in a moderate manner over an appropriate timescale. This review summarizes the carrier platforms used for the loading of antibiotics, and highlights their drug release behaviors as well as in vitro and in vivo antibacterial properties...
March 14, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Jian Yin, Xudong Deng, Jie Zhang, Jun Lin
Adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette (ABC) transporters-mediated multidrug resistance (MDR) remains as a obstacle for effective cancer therapy. Nanoparticles (NPs)-based delivery systems are promising to overcome MDR, but only a few of them have been accepted for clinical treatment, due to characteristics such as insufficient transportation and potential toxicity. In this respect, mounting attention has been attracted towards interactions between NPs and ABC transporters, which hold a key role in the treatment of multidrug-resistant cancer and NP toxicity...
March 14, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Ming-Xing Zhang, Shan-Shan Hong, Qing-Qing Cai, Meng Zhang, Jun Chen, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Cong-Jian Xu
Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of cancer death among gynecological malignancies. The high mortality rate has not been significantly reduced despite advances in surgery and chemotherapy. Gene therapy shows therapeutic potential, but several key issues must be resolved before clinical application. To minimize toxicity in noncancerous tissues, tumor-specific ligands are conjugated to vectors to increase the selectivity of drug delivery. The expression pattern of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) receptor in normal and cancer tissues provides an opportunity for highly selective drug delivery in ovarian cancer...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Xiaobo Wang, Yinan Wang, Ronggang Xi, Yuanyuan Wang, Xiaobo Yang
The optimization of process parameters of spray-dried powder containing fanhuncaoin, a newly discovered antiinflammatorily active phenolic acid isolated from Chinese herb, was conducted using response surface methodology (RSM). The experimental results were fitted into partial cubic polynomial model to describe and predict the response quality in terms of the final angle of repose, aerodynamic diameter, respirable fraction (RF) and yield. The recommended optimum spray-drying parameters for development of fanhuncaoin powder with optimum quality were 110 °C inlet temperature, 0...
March 15, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Xiaoye Yang, Xiaoqun Shi, Jianbo Ji, Guangxi Zhai
The development of imaging-guided smart drug delivery systems for combinational photodynamic/chemotherapy of the tumor has become highly demanded in oncology. Herein, redox-responsive theranostic polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) were fabricated innovatively using low molecular weight heparin (LWMH) as the backbone. Chlorin e6 (Ce6) and alpha-tocopherol succinate (TOS) were conjugated to LMWH via cystamine as the redox-sensitive linker, forming amphiphilic Ce6-LMWH-TOS (CHT) polymer, which could self-assemble into NPs in water and encapsulate paclitaxel (PTX) inside the inner core (PTX/CHT NPs)...
November 2018: Drug Delivery
Noor Hafizah Arbain, Norazlinaliza Salim, Hamid Reza Fard Masoumi, Tin Wui Wong, Mahiran Basri, Mohd Basyaruddin Abdul Rahman
Bioavailability of quercetin, a flavonoid potentially known to combat cancer, is challenging due to hydrophobic nature. Oil-in-water (O/W) nanoemulsion system could be used as nanocarrier for quercertin to be delivered to lung via pulmonary delivery. The novelty of this nanoformulation was introduced by using palm oil ester/ricinoleic acid as oil phase which formed spherical shape nanoemulsion as measured by transmission electron microscopy and Zetasizer analyses. High energy emulsification method and D-optimal mixture design were used to optimize the composition towards the volume median diameter...
March 14, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Xiaofeng Wang, Wei Wang, Wei Li, Zhiduo Niu, Qing Wang, Dianwen Zhang, Hui Li, Jincheng Wang
Local drug delivery systems have been proposed for the treatment of periodontitis, and Hylotelephium purpureum may be a suitable agent for use in such a system. The present study aimed to formulate a Hylotelephium purpureum gel (HPG) and evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity and antinociceptive effects of Hylotelephium purpureum and to assess the duration of action and efficacy of HPG in the treatment of experimental periodontitis in a KM mouse model. First, an acute toxicity study was performed, and secondly, xylene-induced mouse-ear edema, acetic acid-induced mouse peritoneal capillary permeability and carrageenan-induced hind-paw edema tests were used to investigate the anti-inflammatory activity of the gel...
April 2018: Biomedical Reports
Ya Xiao, Jiajia Huang, Jiajia Xu, Liuwei Zeng, Jiaran Tian, Yunru Lou, Yuxue Liu, Bo Hu, Fei Tong, Ruilin Shen
AIM: To synthesize a puerarin nanoparticle based on glycyrrhetinic acid (GA)-PEG-PBLA and evaluate it in vivo. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this study, drug nanoparticle was synthesized, characterized and assessed as puerarin delivery system. Nanoparticle GA-PEG-PBLA could combine with puerarin via hydrophobic interaction to form the compound. Puerarin could be quickly and efficiently loaded via the nanoparticle GA-PEG-PBLA at pH 7.4. Further, GA-PEG-PBLA-mediated puerarin delivery system could target for the liver that had GA receptor binding...
March 1, 2018: Therapeutic Delivery
Dvora Izgelov, Irina Cherniakov, Gefen Aldouby Bier, Abraham J Domb, Amnon Hoffman
In recent years, Phase II metabolism, as a first pass metabolism process occurring to the parent drug, is gaining more and more attention. This is due to its acknowledged significance in drug development as well as drug-drug interactions. However, the predominant role of Phase I metabolism has always overshadowed Phase II metabolism, resulting in insufficient data regarding its mechanisms. In this paper, we investigate the effect of an advanced lipid based drug delivery system on Phase II metabolism at the intestinal level of the enterocytes monolayer...
March 14, 2018: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Mayte Martinez-Martinez, Guillermo Rodriguez-Berna, Isabel Gonzalez Alvarez, M Jesus Hernandez, Avelino Corma, Marival Bermejo, Virginia Merino, Marta Gonzalez-Alvarez
In this work, 6-phosphogluconic trisodium salt (6-PG-Na+) is introduced as a new aqueous and non-toxic crosslinker agent to obtain ionic hydrogels. Here, it is shown the formation of hydrogels based on chitosan crosslinked with 6-PG-Na+. This formulation is obtained by ionic interaction of cationic groups of polymer with anionic groups of crosslinker. These hydrogels are non-toxic, do not cause dermal irritation, are easy to extend and have an adequate adhesion force to be applied as polymeric film over the skin...
March 14, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Lorenzo Vannozzi, Immihan Ceren Yasa, Hakan Ceylan, Arianna Menciassi, Leonardo Ricotti, Metin Sitti
Programming materials with tunable physical and chemical interactions among its components pave the way of generating 3D functional active microsystems with various potential applications in tissue engineering, drug delivery, and soft robotics. Here, the development of a recapitulated fascicle-like implantable muscle construct by programmed self-folding of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate hydrogels is reported. The system comprises two stacked layers, each with differential swelling degrees, stiffnesses, and thicknesses in 2D, which folds into a 3D tube together...
March 14, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Liuqi Peng, Xuan Mei, Jun He, Jiekun Xu, Weiku Zhang, Ruizheng Liang, Min Wei, David G Evans, Xue Duan
2D nanomaterials have attracted considerable research interest in drug delivery systems, owing to their intriguing quantum size and surface effect. Herein, Gd3+ -doped monolayered-double-hydroxide (MLDH) nanosheets are prepared via a facile bottom-up synthesis method, with a precisely controlled composition and uniform morphology. MLDH nanosheets as drug carrier are demonstrated in coloading of doxorubicin and indocyanine green (DOX&ICG), with an ultrahigh drug loading content (LC) of 797.36% and an encapsulation efficiency (EE) of 99...
March 14, 2018: Advanced Materials
Yali Ma, Yu Zhang, Xue Wang, Meihong Fan, Kaiqian Li, Tao Wang, Yunling Liu, Qisheng Huo, Zhen-An Qiao, Sheng Dai
With unique physical and chemical properties and porous architectures, mesoporous transition metal hydroxide (MMHO) and oxide (MMO) nanospheres hold great potential for various applications in drug delivery, catalysis, energy storage and conversion. However, synthesizing MMHO and MMO with well-defined mesostructures remains a great challenge because of the weak interaction between surfactants and metal precursors. Herein we describe a chelation-induced cooperative self-assembly system in which the weak interaction can be cooperatively amplified through the use of a chelating ligand acting as a co-template...
March 14, 2018: Nanoscale
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