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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431407/local-anesthesia-for-iud-insertion-or-endometrial-biopsy
#1
Kehinde Eniola
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430227/levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-device-related-acute-liver-injury
#2
Hira Imad Cheema, Ashutosh Gupta
Oral contraceptives have long been associated with liver injury. However, very little attention is paid to the metabolic side effects of hormone-releasing intrauterine devices (IUDs). These devices are generally considered safe and commonly used. We report for the first time acute liver injury associated with a levonorgestrel-releasing IUD. Our patient did not have any comorbidities that could have caused or exacerbated liver injury. A detailed workup and liver biopsy remained negative for any other potential cause of liver injury...
September 2017: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428979/relationship-between-copper-iud-complications-and-ultrasonographic-findings
#3
Seyma Fadiloglu, B Dilbaz, E Fadiloglu, S Dilbaz
OBJECTIVE: Intrauterine device (IUD) is a widely used long-acting contraceptive method; however, the side-effects related to IUD may lead to method discontinuation. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relation between the most common side-effects of IUD use; mainly dysmenorrhea, menorrhaghia, pelvic cramping and the relation of these complications with the position of the IUD device within the cavity and uterine dimensions evaluated by transvaginal ultrasonography. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Two hundred and eighty-four patients who had Cu-T380A IUD insertion at the Family Planning Clinic of a tertiary health center were evaluated at insertion and 6 and 12 weeks after the insertion...
February 10, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428850/exposure-to-routine-availability-of-immediate-postpartum-larc-effect-on-attitudes-and-practices-of-labor-and-delivery-and-postpartum-nurses
#4
Nerys Benfield, Felicia Hawkins, Laurie Ray, Andrea McGowan, Ketty Floyd, Dawn Africa, Myrta Barreto, Erika Levi
OBJECTIVES: Nurses play an integral role in intrapartum and postpartum patient education. This exploratory study aims to assess the attitudes, knowledge, and practices of labor and delivery and postpartum nurses regarding contraception, and evaluate for changes in these measures one year after an institutional initiative allowing routine availability of immediate postpartum long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). STUDY DESIGN: In 2014 Montefiore Medical Center began to routinely offer comprehensive immediate postpartum contraception...
February 8, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420403/use-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-by-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents-an-examination-of-access-for-all-women
#5
Megan L Evans, Eve Espey, Tony Ogburn, Nikki B Zite
Although long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) use is increasing in the general female population, only 12% of all women who use contraception and 4.8% of nulliparous women in the United States use either the intrauterine device (IUD) or contraceptive implant. In several studies, however, female physicians prefer LARC for contraception. In 2016, an anonymous electronic survey was administered to all U.S. obstetrics and gynecology residents before the start of the annual in-training examination administered by the Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology...
February 5, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419691/sigmoid-colon-translocation-of-an-intrauterine-device-misdiagnosed-as-a-colonic-polyp-a-case-report
#6
Xin-Xin Zhou, Mo-Sang Yu, Meng-Li Gu, Wei-Xiang Zhong, Hong-Ru Wu, Feng Ji, Hang-Hai Pan
RATIONALE: Intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUDs) are recommended as a means of contraception. Translocation of IUD is a rare and serious complication. Colonic inflammatory mass caused by translocated IUD initially misdiagnosed as a colonic polyp is extremely rare and has not been reported yet. PATIENT CONCERNS: This report presents a case of sigmoid colon translocation of intrauterine device on a 37-year-old female patient. Colonoscopy was performed due to her complain of repeated blood in stools and subsequently the patient was misdiagnosed as a sigmoid colon polyp...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417019/barriers-and-enablers-to-adoption-of-intrauterine-device-as-a-contraceptive-method-a-multi-stakeholder-perspective
#7
Namita Mishra, Meely Panda, Souvik Pyne, Nallala Srinivas, Sandipana Pati, Sanghamitra Pati
Background: Promoting family planning practices aid considerably in attaining Millennium Development Goals by various mechanisms. Despite concerted health system efforts, adoption of especially reversible contraceptive methods such as intrauterine devices (IUDs) has remained negatively skewed in India, which is the pioneer country to implement Family Planning programme way back in 1952. Although few studies in India have looked into the reasons for its nonacceptance, literature from Odisha was scant and hence the study was undertaken...
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412064/a-study-of-the-impact-of-the-commonly-used-female-contraceptive-methods-in-egypt-on-female-sexual-function
#8
Ahmed Mohamed Hassanin, Ahmed Mohamed El-Halwagy, Nashaat N Ismail, Basma Atef Shehab
Temporary methods of female contraception are commonly practiced in Egypt, but an increased total fertility rate was recently reported. Impaired female sexual function (FSF) due to contraceptive use can be a reason for irregular use/discontinuation. This study aimed at identifying the type(s) of the commonly used contraceptive method(s) in Egypt that can impair FSF. The sexual function of women on some form of temporary contraceptive was compared to that of women not using contraceptives. All participants answered the Arabic translation of the 19- item Female Sexual Function Index questionnaire...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409943/pediatricians-knowledge-and-practices-related-to-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-for-adolescent-girls
#9
Risa L Fridy, Sofya Maslyanskaya, Sylvia Lim, Susan M Coupey
OBJECTIVE: A 2014 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) Policy Statement identified long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) as first-line choices for adolescents, but pediatricians' current knowledge and practices about intrauterine devices (IUDs) and subdermal contraceptive implants (Implants) is unknown. We aimed to characterize pediatricians' knowledge and practices about LARCs for adolescents. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional online survey emailed to a convenience sample of AAP member pediatricians in New York, Utah, Illinois, and Kansas in 2015 & 2016...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408754/elective-abortion-clinical-practice-guidelines-from-the-french-college-of-gynecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#10
REVIEW
Christophe Vayssière, Adrien Gaudineau, Luisa Attali, Karima Bettahar, Sophie Eyraud, Philippe Faucher, Patrick Fournet, Danielle Hassoun, Marie Hatchuel, Christian Jamin, Brigitte Letombe, Teddy Linet, Marie Msika Razon, Alexandra Ohanessian, Hélène Segain, Solène Vigoureux, Norbert Winer, Sophie Wylomanski, Aubert Agostini
The number of elective abortions has been stable for several decades. Many factors explain women's choice of abortion in cases of unplanned pregnancies. Early initiation of contraceptive use and a choice of contraceptive choices appropriate to the woman's life are associated with lower rates of unplanned pregnancies. Reversible long-acting contraceptives should be favored as first-line methods for adolescents because of their effectiveness (grade C). Ultrasound scan before an elective abortion must be encouraged but should not be obligatory (professional consensus)...
January 26, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402320/women-s-contraceptive-discontinuation-and-switching-behavior-in-urban-senegal-2010-2015
#11
Janine Barden-O'Fallon, Ilene S Speizer, Lisa M Calhoun, Meghan Corroon
BACKGROUND: With the focus of global and national family planning initiatives on reaching "additional user" targets, it is increasingly important for programs to assess contraceptive method discontinuation and switching. This analysis calculated the discontinuation rate and method-specific discontinuation rates, examined reasons given for contraceptive discontinuation, and assessed characteristics associated with subsequent contraceptive switching and abandonment among women living in urban areas of Senegal...
February 5, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397441/evaluation-of-cesarean-scar-after-single-and-double-layer-hysterotomy-closure-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#12
Nur Betül Tekiner, Berna Aslan Çetin, Lale Susan Türkgeldi, Gökçe Yılmaz, İbrahim Polat, Ali Gedikbaşı
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine if there is a difference in the size of the cesarean scar defect using saline infusion sonography (SIS) performed on the postoperative third month in patients who underwent single- or double-layered unlocked closure of their uterine incision during their first cesarean delivery. METHODS: This study was conducted as a prospective cross-sectional study between February 2015 and January 2016 in patients admitted to the labour ward of the Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital who subsequently underwent their first delivery by cesarean section...
February 3, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393690/benefits-of-vaginal-misoprostol-prior-to-iud-insertion-in-women-with-previous-caesarean-delivery-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Ahmed M Maged, Gamal Youssef, Ashraf Eldaly, Eman Omran, Mohamed El Naggar, Ahmed Abdel Hak, Amal Kotb, Asmaa I Ogila
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the value of vaginal misoprostol 6 h prior to intrauterine device (IUD) insertion in women with previous Caesarean delivery. METHODS: A double-blind randomised controlled trial was conducted in 120 women who were eligible for IUD insertion. Participants were randomly divided to receive either 600 μg vaginal misoprostol or placebo 6 h before IUD insertion. The primary outcome measure was the pain score during the procedure...
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386988/clinical-characteristic-and-intraoperative-findings-of-uterine-perforation-patients-in-using-of-intrauterine-devices-iuds
#14
Xin Sun, Min Xue, Xinliang Deng, Yun Lin, Ying Tan, Xueli Wei
Background: Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are the most popular form of contraception used worldwide; however, IUD is not risk-free. IUD migrations, especially uterine perforations, were frequently occurred in patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and intraoperative findings in patients with migrated IUDs. Results: 29 cases of uterine perforation associated with migrated IUDs and 69 control patients were followed between January 2008 to March 2015...
2018: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360560/dual-responsive-lidocaine-in-situ-gel-reduces-pain-of-intrauterine-device-insertion
#15
Noura H Abd Ellah, Sara A Abouelmagd, Ahmed M Abbas, Omar M Shaaban, Khaled M A Hassanein
The most effective and safe contraceptive method, intrauterine devices (IUDs), is still underutilized due to the pain barrier during IUD insertion. Lidocaine, a well-known local anesthetic, can be used to relieve IUD insertion pain. This study aimed at formulation, in vitro, in vivo and clinical evaluation of a novel lidocaine dual-responsive in situ gel. Pluronic and Gelrite® were used as thermosenstive and ion-activated polymers, respectively. In situ gels containing 2% lidocaine, pluronics and/or Gelrite® were prepared...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353132/supporting-parents-through-stillbirth-a-qualitative-study-exploring-the-views-of-health-professionals-and-health-care-staff-in-three-hospitals-in-england
#16
Lyn Brierley-Jones, Rosalind Crawley, Emma Jones, Isabel Gordon, Joanne Knight, Kim Hinshaw
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the views of a range of hospital based health professionals and health care staff involved in the management of stillbirth. STUDY DESIGN: A qualitative pilot study informed by grounded theory conducted in three hospital trusts in the North East of England. In total, 21 consultant obstetricians, 3 trainees (including 1 senior trainee), 29 midwives, 3 midwife sonographers and 4 chaplains took part in six focus groups and two semi-structured interviews...
January 9, 2018: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333335/recommendations-for-contraception-examining-the-role-of-patients-age-and-race
#17
Amanda Williams, Kasey Kajiwara, Reni Soon, Jennifer Salcedo, Mary Tschann, Jennifer Elia, Kristin Pauker, Bliss Kaneshiro
The literature suggests that women of different races are more or less likely to use certain contraceptive methods and patient race can influence which contraceptive recommendations a provider makes. To explore whether health care providers treat individuals of different races differently, we conducted a preliminary investigation on whether medical students recommended different contraceptive methods for hypothetical patients presenting with the same clinical features who only varied by race. Third- and fourth-year medical students (n=103) at the University of Hawai'i completed an online survey...
January 2018: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325773/how-safe-is-metformin-when-initiated-in-early-pregnancy-a-retrospective-5-year-study-of-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-from-india
#18
Vanlalhruaii, Riddhi Dasgupta, Roshna Ramachandran, Jiji E Mathews, Annie Regi, Niranjan Thomas, Vijay Gupta, P Visalakshi, H S Asha, Thomas Paul, Nihal Thomas
BACKGROUND: The initiation of metformin in early pregnancy in Gestational Diabetes mellitus (GDM) remains controversial. The aim of our study was to assess the influence of Metformin on maternal and fetal outcomes when initiated within the first trimester of pregnancy in GDM. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A retrospective analysis of 540 women with diabetes complicating pregnancy (IADPSG criteria) over five years (January 2011 to May 2016) was done. The study population comprised of patients initiated on (a) metformin within the first trimester (Group A:n = 186), (b) metformin after the first trimester (Group B:n = 203) and (c) insulin at any time during their pregnancy (Group C:n = 151)...
January 8, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323809/case-report-of-an-ectopic-molar-pregnancy-in-the-presence-of-an-intrauterine-device
#19
Deborah A Simon, Angela L Smith, John R Holzhauer
BACKGROUND: Ectopic molar pregnancy is a rare phenomenon and has not been reported in the presence of an intrauterine device (IUD). Clinical diagnosis of molar pregnancy is challenging and requires careful follow-up. CASE: A 25-year-old woman (gravida 2, para 0) with a copper IUD in place presented with a positive pregnancy test. Diagnosis of the complete hydatidiform mole was pathologically confirmed after surgery following clinical and sonographic investigations that identified a left-sided ectopic pregnancy...
November 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322856/perforation-risk-and-intra-uterine-devices-results-of-the-euras-iud-5-year-extension-study
#20
Clare Barnett, Sabine Moehner, Thai Do Minh, Klaas Heinemann
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this analysis was to identify intra-uterine devices (IUD) perforations detected from 12 to 60 months following IUD insertion, and to combine this information with (our previously published) data about perforations detected in the first 12 months to calculate cumulative perforation rates. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Prospective, non-interventional cohort study with new users of levonorgestrel-releasing intra-uterine systems (LNG-IUS) and copper-IUD...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
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