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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226760/the-diagnostic-performance-of-the-beta-glucan-assay-in-the-detection-of-intra-amniotic-infection-with-candida-species
#1
Percy Pacora, Roberto Romero, Offer Erez, Eli Maymon, Bogdan Panaitescu, Juan Pedro Kusanovic, Adi L Tarca, Chaur-Dong Hsu, Sonia S Hassan
INTRODUCTION: A bioassay based on the detection of beta-glucan, a constituent of the cell wall of fungi, has been successfully used to diagnose fungal infections in a variety of biological fluids but not yet in the amniotic fluid. OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic performance of a beta-glucan bioassay in the detection of Candida species in the amniotic fluid. METHODS: The study population comprised women who had a singleton pregnancy without congenital or chromosomal abnormalities, who experienced preterm labor or preterm prelabor rupture of the fetal membranes, and who underwent transabdominal amniocentesis for clinical indications...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223010/pelvic-abscess-complicating-sigmoid-colon-perforation-by-migrating-intrauterine-device-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Omar Toumi, Houssem Ammar, Abdessalem Ghdira, Amine Chhaidar, Wided Trimech, Rahul Gupta, Randa Salem, Jamel Saad, Ibtissem Korbi, Mohamed Nasr, Faouzi Noomen, Mondher Golli, Khadija Zouari
INTRODUCTION: Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are commonly used as a contraceptive method. However, they may cause rare but potentially serious complications such as migration through the uterine wall and gastrointestinal perforation. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 26-year woman, carrying an IUD for 2 years, who presented to the emergency with pelvic pain with breakthrough bleeding. Abdominal imaging revealed the presence of two devices the first of which was located in the uterine cavity and the other in the wall of the sigmoid colon associated with a 5-centimeter pelvic collection...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221939/obesity-and-contraceptive-use-among-women-20-44-years-of-age-in-the-united-states-results-from-the-2011-15-national-survey-of-family-growth-nsfg
#3
William D Mosher, Hannah Lantos, Anne Burke
OBJECTIVE: Obesity has increased dramatically in the US in recent decades. Our objective was to explore associations of contraceptive choices of US women, aged 20-44 years, with body mass index (BMI) and relevant covariates. STUDY DESIGN: Data are based on interviews with a national sample of 11,300 women in the 2011-2015 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). We analyzed women ages 20-44 at risk of unintended pregnancy. The primary dependent variable was BMI category...
December 5, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215513/treatment-of-low-risk-endometrial-cancer-and-complex-atypical-hyperplasia-with-the-levonorgestrel-releasing-intrauterine-device
#4
Navdeep Pal, Russell R Broaddus, Diana L Urbauer, Nyla Balakrishnan, Andrea Milbourne, Kathleen M Schmeler, Larissa A Meyer, Pamela T Soliman, Karen H Lu, Pedro T Ramirez, Lois Ramondetta, Diane C Bodurka, Shannon N Westin
OBJECTIVE: To assess efficacy of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine device (LNG-IUD) for treatment of complex atypical hyperplasia or low-grade endometrial cancer. METHODS: This retrospective case series included all patients treated with the LNG-IUD for complex atypical hyperplasia or early-grade endometrial cancer from January 2003 to June 2013. Response rates were calculated and the association of response with clinicopathologic factors, including age, body mass index, and uterine size, was determined...
December 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205027/dysmenorrhea-in-teenagers
#5
Pia Suvitie
Dysmenorrhea affects quality of life, but is often inadequately treated in teenagers. The mainstay of treatment is NSAID, which must be started pre-emptively and in adequate dose. If NSAID provides insufficient pain relief, or when contraception is required, combined oral contraceptives can be prescribed concomitantly. Hormonal IUD can also be used in teenagers. If dysmenorrhea persists despite appropriate treatment, the patient must be referred to a gynecologist. Endometriosis, the most common cause of severe dysmenorrhea, can manifest already during adolescence...
2017: Duodecim; Lääketieteellinen Aikakauskirja
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201419/patterns-of-postpartum-contraceptive-use-among-somali-immigrant-women-living-in-minnesota
#6
Amy Millar, Rachel Isaksson Vogel, Sabrina Bedell, Maureen Ayers Looby, Jessica L Hubbs, Bernard L Harlow, Rahel Ghebre
Background: The postpartum period is a crucial time to provide family planning counseling and can decrease incidence of adverse reproductive outcomes. The purpose of this study was to characterize patterns of postpartum contraception and to investigate long acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) use among Somali women living in a metropolitan area of Minnesota in an effort to provide better family planning and reproductive health counseling in this growing immigrant population. Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted of Somali women who delivered between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2014...
2017: Contraception and Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198974/low-acceptability-of-certain-contraceptive-methods-among-young-women
#7
Andrea J Hoopes, Stephanie Teal, Aletha Y Akers, Jeanelle Sheeder
OBJECTIVE: To examine what predicts low personal acceptability of four different contraceptive methods among young women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey SETTING: Urban adolescent contraception clinic in Colorado PARTICIPANTS: Female clinic patients ages 13-24 initiating contraception from 8/2011-4/2012 METHODS: Survey participants reported their personal acceptability for oral contraceptive pills (OCPs), depot medroxyprogesterone (DMPA), contraceptive implants, and intrauterine devices (IUD) on a scale from 0 (low) to 10 (high)...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195636/attitudes-of-physicians-providing-family-planning-services-in-egypt-about-recommending-intrauterine-device-for-family-planning-clients
#8
Mirette Aziz, Sabra Ahmed, Boshra Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: To assess the attitudes of physicians providing family planning services at the public sector in Egypt about recommending intrauterine device (IUD) for family planning clients, and to identify the factors that could affect their attitudes. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study, in which all the physicians providing family planning services in Assiut Governorate were invited to complete self-administered questionnaires. The study participants were recruited at the family planning sector monthly meetings of the 13 health directorates of Assiut Governorate, Upper Egypt...
December 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172412/contraception-update-intrauterine-devices
#9
Karen Antell, Prium Deshmukh, Elizabeth J Brown
Copper-containing and hormonal intrauterine devices (IUD) are long-acting, highly effective contraceptive methods. They can be used safely by nulliparous patients, adolescents, patients with history of ectopic pregnancy, and patients with risk factors for sexually transmitted infections or a history of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). These devices can be placed safely immediately postpartum and postabortion and should be inserted when physicians can be reasonably certain that the woman is not pregnant. If a woman with an IUD is shown to be pregnant, the device should be removed if strings are visible...
November 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171280/an-analysis-of-integrated-health-care-for-internet-use-disorders-in-adolescents-and-adults
#10
Katajun Lindenberg, Carolin Szász-Janocha, Sophie Schoenmaekers, Ulrich Wehrmann, Eva Vonderlin
Background and aims Although first treatment approaches for Internet Use Disorders (IUDs) have proven to be effective, health care utilization remained low. New service models focus on integrated health care systems, which facilitate access and reduce burdens of health care utilization, and stepped-care interventions, which efficiently provide individualized therapy. Methods An integrated health care approach for IUD intended to (a) be easily accessible and comprehensive, (b) cover a variety of comorbid syndromes, and (c) take heterogeneous levels of impairment into account was investigated in a one-armed prospective intervention study on n = 81 patients, who were treated from 2012 to 2016...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170151/social-media-and-the-intrauterine-device-a-youtube-content-analysis
#11
Brian T Nguyen, Allison J Allen
BACKGROUND: YouTube's online archive of video testimonials related to health information are more commonly viewed than those developed by clinicians and professional groups, suggesting the importance of the patient experience to viewers. We specifically sought to examine the accuracy of information on, and projected acceptability of, the intrauterine device (IUD) from these YouTube testimonials. METHODS: We searched YouTube for videos about individual uploaders' IUD experiences, using the search terms 'intrauterine device', 'IUD', 'Mirena' and 'Paragard'...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162956/risk-assessment-at-11-14-week-antenatal-visit-a-tertiary-referral-center-experience-from-south-india
#12
Anusha Vellamkondu, Akhila Vasudeva, Rajeshwari G Bhat, Asha Kamath, Sapna V Amin, Lavanya Rai, Pratap Kumar
Background: Present study carried out in a tertiary referral hospital in South India attempts to determine the predictive value of integrated screening at 11-14-week antenatal visit. Objectives: To determine the detection rate of fetal abnormalities at 11-14 weeks and also to predict the placental dysfunction disorders based on early integrated evaluation. Method: Integrated screening performed on 440 women between 11 and 14 weeks, including detailed maternal history [medical history, bad obstetric history (BOH)], body mass index (BMI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), detailed ultrasound and maternal serum biochemistry as part of combined first-trimester screening for aneuploidy...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155475/weight-discordance-and-perinatal-mortality-in-twin-pregnancies-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Francesco D'Antonio, Anthony O Odibo, Federico Prefumo, Asma Khalil, Danilo Buca, Maria Elena Flacco, Marco Liberati, Lamberto Manzoli, Ganesh Acharya
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this systematic review was to explore the strength of association between birthweight (BW) discordance and perinatal mortality in twin pregnancies; the secondary aim was to ascertain the contribution of gestational age and growth restriction in determining mortality in growth discordant twins. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Cinahl and Clinicaltrials.gov databases were searched. Only studies reporting the risk of mortality in twin pregnancies affected compared to those not affected by weight discordance were included...
November 20, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146631/frequency-of-6-week-follow-up-appointment-scheduling-after-intrauterine-device-insertion
#14
Abigail Bernard, Catherine L Satterwhite, Madhuri Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is widely recommended to reduce unintended pregnancy in the USA. As intrauterine device (IUD) use increases, evaluating the role of post-insertion follow-up is important. METHODS: A retrospective patient record review was conducted to assess the follow-up experience of women who had an IUD placed at the University of Kansas Medical Center from 1 January to 30 June 2015. Data were collected on patient demographics, IUD placement, follow-up visit attendance, and outcomes in the 12 months following placement...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136172/assessing-the-contraceptive-supply-environment-in-kinshasa-drc-trend-data-from-pma2020
#15
S Babazadeh, S Lea, P Kayembe, P Akilimali, L Eitmann, P Anglewicz, J Bertrand
Performance Monitoring and Accountability 2020 (PMA2020) is a population-based and facility-based survey program conducted in 11 countries to track contraceptive use dynamics and the supply environment. Annual data collection provides trend data unavailable from any other source. Two-stage cluster sampling was used to select 58 enumeration areas in Kinshasa; data were collected in 2014, 2015 and 2016 from three to six service delivery points (SDPs) per EA. Of the 228-248 SDPs surveyed each year, only two-thirds reported to offer family planning (FP) services...
November 10, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133336/psychological-behavioural-and-physiological-effects-of-three-long-acting-reversible-contraception-larc-methods-protocol-for-an-ancillary-study-of-the-echo-randomised-trial
#16
Mandisa Singata-Madliki, G Justus Hofmeyr, Florence Carayon-Lefebvre d'Hellencourt, Theresa Anne Lawrie
INTRODUCTION: This is the protocol for an ancillary study to the multicentre Evidence for Contraceptive Options and HIV Outcomes (ECHO) Trial, a three-arm randomised trial comparing the effects of depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA), the levonorgestrel (LNG) implant and the copper intrauterine device (IUD) on HIV incidence (NCT02550067 pre-results). The ancillary study will compare other non-contraceptive effects of these three long-acting, reversible contraceptions about which there is little existing comparative evidence...
November 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128372/six-week-retention-after-post-placental-copper-intrauterine-device-placement
#17
Alyssa Covelli Colwill, Courtney A Schreiber, Mary D Sammel, Sarita Sonalkar
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the six-week clinical outcomes (IUD retention, recognized expulsions, ability to visualize or palpate strings, and need for ultrasound evaluation) in women who received a TCu380A PPIUD after vaginal (VD) or Cesarean delivery (CD). STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective cohort study to examine the six-week retention of TCu380A IUDs placed within ten minutes of placental delivery in VD (n=137) and CD (n=73). We used Student's t-test and Wilcoxon rank sum tests for continuous data and Pearson Chi-squared test and Fisher's exact test for categorical data...
November 8, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112647/intrauterine-device-use-and-cervical-cancer-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Victoria K Cortessis, Malcolm Barrett, Niquelle Brown Wade, Temuulen Enebish, Judith L Perrigo, Jessica Tobin, Charlie Zhong, Jennifer Zink, Vanessa Isiaka, Laila I Muderspach, Melissa Natavio, Roberta McKean-Cowdin
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between use of an intrauterine device (IUD) and risk of cervical cancer by subjecting existing data to critical review, quantitative synthesis, and interpretation. DATA SOURCES: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, and catalogs of scientific meetings and abstracts, theses, and dissertations queried from inception through July 2016. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Examination of abstracts from 225 reports identified 34 studies with individual-level measures of use of an IUD and incident cervical cancer...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105778/sonographically-guided-insertion-of-intrauterine-device-indications-and-results
#19
Adrian C Balica, Chi-Son Kim, Susan Egan, Charletta A Ayers, Gloria A Bachmann
From 2011 to 2015, a total of 67 patients were referred for IUD insertion guided with transabdominal sonography (TAS). Fifty-six of the 67 patients had successful IUD insertion under TAS guidance. The clinical indications for referral included fibroids, uterine position, previous history of IUD expulsion, and limited tolerance of pelvic examination. Reasons for failed TAS-guided IUD insertion included patient discomfort, cervical stenosis, and inability to remove and replace an existing device. Ultrasound guidance could help broaden the patient population that may benefit from the therapeutic value of an IUD...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096285/concordance-between-intention-to-use-and-current-use-of-contraceptives-among-six-month-postpartum-women-in-brazil-the-role-of-unplanned-pregnancy
#20
Ana Luiza Vilela Borges, Osmara Alves Dos Santos, Elizabeth Fujimori
OBJECTIVE: to examine the effect of pregnancy planning status in the concordance between intention to use and current use of contraceptives among postpartum women. DESIGN AND SETTING: a prospective study was conducted in 12 primary health care facilities in São Paulo, Brazil, from November 2013 to September 2014. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 264 woman aged 15-44 years old completed a face-to-face interview when they were pregnant (baseline), and were interviewed by phone at 6 months postpartum...
October 18, 2017: Midwifery
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