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Dirk Wildemeersch, Thomas Hasskamp, Kilian Nolte, Sohela Jandi, Ansgar Pett, Sabine Linden, Maarten van Santen, Olivier Julen
BACKGROUND: In the selection of an appropriate IUD little consideration is placed on device size or adequacy of fit. Properly fitting IUDs will likely lead to less adverse effects or patient discomfort resulting in enhanced continuation of use. METHODS: A multicenter study conducted at 7 centers in 410 nulliparous women, to measure the width of the uterine cavity using 2D and 3D ultrasound. RESULTS: Measurements of maximal fundal cavity width was performed by either 2D or 3D ultrasound by experienced sonographists...
September 21, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Huihua Cai, Lin Qiao, KaiJing Song, Yuanli He
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of an oxidized, regenerated cellulose adhesion barrier (Interceed, Ethicon Inc., Somerville, NJ, USA) combined with intrauterine device (IUD) versus IUD alone for preventing adhesion recurrence following hysteroscopic adhesiolysis for moderate to severe intrauterine adhesions (IUAs). DESIGN: Retrospective case series (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Tertiary care teaching hospital...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Laura R Matthews, Linda OʼDwyer, Erica OʼNeill
OBJECTIVE: To examine rates of intrauterine device (IUD) insertion failure with and without prior misoprostol administration. Additional outcomes included difficulty of insertion, subjective pain, expulsion, and complications. DATA SOURCES: Systematic searches were performed in PubMed MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials,, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature for articles with the following keywords: "misoprostol," "intrauterine devices," and "IUDs...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
S F Lax
Endometritis is nowadays rare in developed countries and typically shows a subclinical or mild course; therefore, there are probably more cases of endometritis than diagnosed but they lack clinical relevance. In the fertile period of life it can be the reason for vaginal bleeding and infertility. The most common causes for non-specific endometritis are residual placental tissue after abortion or childbirth, intrauterine interventions, lesions within the uterine cavity, such as endometrial polyps, endometrial hyperplasia and neoplasms, intrauterine devices (IUD) and cervical stenosis...
October 13, 2016: Der Pathologe
Jim K Shen, Edmund Y Ko, Andrea Staack
A 42-year-old female with remote history of intrauterine device (IUD) placement presented with gross hematuria, urinary urgency, and dyspareunia. Cystoscopy showed an encrusted, free-floating intravesical foreign body consistent with a heavily calcified IUD. It was removed endoscopically using holmium laser cystolitholapaxy. The patient remained symptom free postoperatively. While most intravesical IUDs are thought to be the result of migration after several months, this patient became pregnant within 4 weeks after initial insertion...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Urology
Deborah Bateson, Caroline Harvey, Lieu Trinh, Mary Stewart, Kirsten I Black
BACKGROUND: Copper intrauterine device (Cu-IUD) use in Australia is low despite being a highly effective, cost effective non-hormonal contraceptive with reported 12-month continuation rates of 85% compared to 59% for oral contraception. AIMS: To describe the characteristics of Cu-IUD users in the Australian context, their experiences of side effects, continuation rates and reasons for discontinuation. METHODS: Between August 2009 and January 2012 we undertook a prospective cohort study of consecutive women presenting for Cu-IUD insertion to three family planning clinics in Queensland and New South Wales...
October 5, 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Ismaeel Aghaways, Saman Anwer Wahid, Rawa Hama Ghareeb Ali, Falah Sabir, Fahmi Hussein Kakamad
INTRODUCTION: A large number of complications are reported with the use of IUD. Migration to inguinal region has not been mentioned in literature. We report a rare case of migrated IUD to inguinal canal. CASE REPORT: A 25-year-old lady presented with a painfull mass in the left inguinal region. Diagnostic work up showed migrated IUD to inguinal region. Operation was done and the impacted IUD with surrounding granuloma was retrieved. DISCUSSION: When the string of the IUD is no longer visible at the external os of the cervix, radiological scan must be performed, this should begin with a sonographic examination and plain abdominal radiography may be used to localize the IUD...
September 23, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Helena Kilander, Birgitta Salomonsson, Johan Thor, Jan Brynhildsen, Siw Alehagen
OBJECTIVES: A substantial proportion of women who undergo an abortion continue afterwards without switching to more effective contraceptive use. Many subsequently have repeat unintended pregnancies. This study, therefore, aimed to identify and describe health professionalś experiences of providing contraceptive counselling to women seeking an abortion. METHODS: We interviewed 21 health professionals (HPs), involved in contraceptive counselling of women seeking abortion at three differently sized hospitals in Sweden...
September 30, 2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
S Badir, E Mazza, M Bajka
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to objectively quantify cervical stiffness in misoprostol users prior to IUC insertion and at follow-up consultation to evaluate the feasibility of assessing cervical stiffness and to study the influence of misoprostol on cervical softening. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that evaluated 40 women who wished to use the LNG IUS. These women were evaluated immediately before LNG IUS insertion and 6 weeks later at follow-up consultation...
May 2016: Ultrasound Int Open
R Sangha, S Talukdar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Anne R Davis, Heva J Saadatmand, Alison Pack
OBJECTIVE: Effective contraception enables women with epilepsy (WWE) to plan their pregnancies and improve outcomes for themselves and their children. Although popular among all women, complex drug interactions limit the efficacy and safety of oral contraceptives (OCs) for WWE. We sought to explore the safety, acceptability, and pharmacokinetic impact of a progestin-containing intrauterine device (IUD) in WWE. METHODS: We enrolled 20 women with well-controlled epilepsy and a stable antiepileptic drug (AED) regimen and who were initiating a progestin-containing IUD (levonorgestrel 52 mg) in a prospective, observational study...
September 28, 2016: Epilepsia
Wing Kay Fok, Paul D Blumenthal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Emergency contraception provides a critical and time-sensitive opportunity for women to prevent undesired pregnancy after intercourse. Both access and available options for emergency contraception have changed over the last several years. RECENT FINDINGS: Emergency contraceptive pills can be less effective in obese women. The maximum achieved serum concentration of levonorgestrel (LNG) is lower in obese women than women of normal BMI, and doubling the dose of LNG (3 mg) increases its concentration maximum, approximating the level in normal BMI women receiving one dose of LNG...
September 24, 2016: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Moazzam Ali, Ayse Akin, Luis Bahamondes, Vivian Brache, Ndema Habib, Sihem Landoulsi, David Hubacher
STUDY QUESTION: Is it possible to extend the use of the 3-year one-rod etonogestrel (ENG)-releasing subdermal contraceptive implant to 5 years? SUMMARY ANSWER: The extended use of the one-rod ENG-releasing subdermal contraceptive implant showed 100% efficacy in years 4 and 5. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The initial regulated trials on the ENG-releasing subdermal contraceptive implant conducted in the 1990 s were designed to measure cumulative 3-year efficacy...
September 26, 2016: Human Reproduction
Lisa M Goldthwaite, Jeanelle Sheeder, Stephanie B Teal, Kristina M Tocce
OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether a standardized immediate postpartum intrauterine device (IUD) simulation results in sustained improvement in perceived comfort with procedural skills. METHODS: From November 2013 to April 2015, obstetric health care providers at two teaching hospitals participated in a 30-minute immediate postpartum IUD simulation workshop and program evaluation. We assessed knowledge of indications, insertion technique, safety, and comfort with knowledge and skills preintervention immediately after and 6 months posttraining...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Gazi Yıldırım
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association
Shakuntla Kumar, Dipti Nabh, Rupam Arora, Praveen Garg
OBJECTIVE: The study was designed to determine the impact of structured counseling by trained contraceptive counselors in a real-life clinical setting on the adoption of modern contraceptive methods in comparison with past contraceptive experience. METHODS: Current study was a retrospective, non-interventional design, from the data collected in the time period of March to September 2013 across four clinics with predominant obstetric and gynecological practice. Three hundred and fifty-one women consulting for contraception were counseled by trained counselors using standardized counseling tools...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
M Rahman, D Sangun, S Prawitasari, O Emilia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Elise D Berlan, Nicole M Pritt, Alison H Norris
PURPOSE: Adolescents are at high risk for unintended pregnancy. Given pediatricians' potential role in contraceptive counseling, understanding their attitudes and beliefs and counseling practices about use of long acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) [i.e., etonogestrel implant and intrauterine devices (IUDs)] is vital. METHODS: We interviewed primary care pediatricians (N=23) in a Midwestern city in June-August 2014. We transcribed the interviews, developed a coding schema, and analyzed these qualitative data using a priori and open coding of transcripts...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
Brent D Kerger, Autumn Bernal, Dennis J Paustenbach, Gavin Huntley-Fenner
BACKGROUND: Negative news media reports regarding potential health hazards of implanted medical devices and pharmaceuticals can lead to a 'negative halo effect,' a phenomenon whereby judgments about a product or product type can be unconsciously altered even though the scientific support is tenuous. To determine how a 'negative halo effect' may impact the rates of use and/or explantation of medical products, we analyzed the occurrence of such an effect on three implanted medical devices and one drug: 1) intrauterine contraceptive devices (IUDs); 2) silicone gel-filled breast implants (SGBI); 3) metal-on-metal hip implants (MoM); and 4) the drug Tysabri...
2016: BMC Public Health
D Zhang, W Shi, C Li, J-J Yuan, W Xia, R-H Xue, J Sun, J Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the risk factors for recurrent ectopic pregnancy (REP). DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study. SETTING: A university medical centre. POPULATION: 554 women with a history of ectopic pregnancy (EP) were included. Among them were 181 women with current EP, 184 women with current intrauterine pregnancy (IUP) and 189 nonpregnant women (NonP). METHODS: The three groups were matched at a ratio of 1:1 with respect to current age, age of initial EP and gestational week of initial EP...
September 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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