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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036770/emergency-contraception-oral-and-intrauterine-options
#1
Kirsten I Black, Safeera Y Hussainy
BACKGROUND: Emergency contraception can be used to prevent pregnancy where contraception has not been used, or there has been contraceptive misuse or failure. Australian women have three options for emergency contraception: two types of oral pills (levonorgestrel [LNG]-containing pill and ulipristal acetate [UPA]) and the copper intrauterine device (IUD). Both pills are available from pharmacies without prescription, whereas the copper IUD requires insertion by a trained provider. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe the indications, efficacy and contraindications for use of the three emergency contraceptive methods available in Australia...
October 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031815/uptake-and-correlates-of-contraception-among-postpartum-women-in-kenya-results-from-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Dunstan Achwoka, Jillian Pintye, Christine J McGrath, John Kinuthia, Jennifer A Unger, Norah Obudho, Agnes Langat, Grace John-Stewart, Alison L Drake
OBJECTIVES: To characterize uptake and correlates of effective contraceptive use postpartum. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data from a national, cross-sectional evaluation of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs that enrolled women attending 6-week or 9-month infant immunization visits at 120 Kenyan maternal and child health clinics. We classified women who resumed sexual activity postpartum and did not desire a child within 2years as having a need for family planning (FP)...
October 12, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026991/trichomonas-vaginalis-clinical-isolates-cytoadherence-and-adherence-to-polystyrene-intrauterine-device-and-vaginal-ring
#3
Odelta Dos Santos, Graziela Vargas Rigo, Alexandre José Macedo, Tiana Tasca
The parasitism by Trichomonas vaginalis is complex and in part is mediated by cytoadherence accomplished via five surface proteins named adhesins and a glycoconjugate called lipophosphoglycan (TvLPG). In this study, we evaluated the ability of T. vaginalis isolates to adhere to cells, plastic (polystyrene microplates), intrauterine device (IUD), and vaginal ring. Of 32 T. vaginalis isolates, 4 (12.5%) were strong adherent. The T. vaginalis isolates TV-LACM6 and TV-LACM14 (strong polystyrene-adherent) were also able to adhere to IUD and vaginal ring...
October 13, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024351/what-are-women-told-when-requesting-family-planning-services-at-clinics-associated-with-catholic-hospitals-a-mystery-caller-study
#4
Maryam Guiahi, Stephanie B Teal, Maryke Swartz, Sandy Huynh, Georgia Schiller, Jeanelle Sheeder
CONTEXT: Catholic Church directives restrict family planning service provision at Catholic health care institutions. It is unclear whether obstetrics and gynecology clinics that are owned by or have business affiliations with Catholic hospitals offer family planning appointments. METHODS: Mystery callers phoned 144 clinics nationwide that were found on Catholic hospital websites between December 2014 and February 2016, and requested appointments for birth control generally, copper IUD services specifically, tubal ligation and abortion...
October 12, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987293/society-of-family-planning-guidelines-postplacental-insertion-of-intrauterine-devices
#5
REVIEW
Amy K Whitaker, Beatrice A Chen, Lynn Borgatta
Postplacental intrauterine device (IUD) placement, defined as IUD placement within 10min after delivery of the placenta, is an appealing strategy for increasing access to postpartum IUDs because it does not require a separate postpartum visit. These guidelines present an evidence-based assessment of postplacental IUD placement after vaginal and cesarean delivery. Postplacental IUD insertion is safe and does not have higher risks of complications than interval insertion. Most studies find that the risk of IUD expulsion is higher after postplacental insertion than after interval insertion for both vaginal and cesarean deliveries...
October 5, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986072/contraception-after-medication-abortion-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#6
Corinne H Rocca, Suzan Goodman, Daniel J Grossman, Kara Cadwallader, Kirsten M J Thompson, Elizabeth Talmont, J Joseph Speidel, Cynthia C Harper
BACKGROUND: Understanding how contraceptive choices and access differ for women having medication abortions compared with aspiration procedures can help to identify priorities for improved patient-centered postabortion contraceptive care. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the differences in contraceptive counseling, method choices, and the use between medication and aspiration abortion patients. STUDY DESIGN: This subanalysis examines data from 643 abortion patients from 17 reproductive health centers in a cluster, randomized trial across the United States...
October 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984781/vesical-transmigration-of-an-intrauterine-contraceptive-device-a-rare-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Wei Chai, Wenlei Zhang, Guifeng Jia, Miao Cui, Lifeng Cui
RATIONALE: Displacement of an intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) is a rare and serious complication of IUD insertion. Theoretically, it can migrate to anywhere in the pelvic and abdominal cavity. However, it is not usual for an IUD to migrate to the bladder. PATIENT CONCERNS: In this case report, we reported a patient with chronic urinary symptoms caused by the migration of an IUD into the bladder. The displacement of the IUD led to contraception failure and IUD retention in the bladder for 5 years...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982293/the-effect-of-copper-on-endometrial-receptivity-and-induction-of-apoptosis-on-decidualized-human-endometrial-stromal-cells
#8
Jose P Carrascosa, David Cotán, Inmaculada Jurado, Manuel Oropesa-Ávila, Pascual Sánchez-Martín, Ricardo F Savaris, Justin Tan, Jose A Sánchez-Alcázar, Seang L Tan, José Antonio Horcajadas
Intrauterine devices (IUDs) have been widely used to prevent pregnancies with great efficacy during decades. It has been demonstrated that IUD alters the endometrial gene expression, but there is no scientific data about how copper, a metal commonly used in these devices, by itself, is able to influence the processes of endometrial receptivity and apoptosis in decidualized human endometrial stromal cells. Five endometrial samples were obtained from fertile women and processed by a standard protocol to obtain human endometrial stromal cells for in vitro studies...
January 1, 2017: Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978240/ultrasound-guided-intrauterine-device-insertion-a-step-closer-to-painless-insertion-a-randomized-control-trial
#9
Dina Mohamed Refaat Dakhly, Yasmin Ahmed Bassiouny
AIM OF STUDY: To reduce the pain and duration of the intrauterine device (IUD) insertion procedure through minimizing instrumentation and using trans-abdominal sonography (TAS). METHODS: This randomized control trial was conducted in a university hospital and included 102 eligible females, fulfilling the inclusion criteria. They were randomly assigned into two groups via 1:1 computer-based randomization program; the trans-abdominal guided IUD insertion group (n = 51), and the traditional IUD insertion group (n = 51)...
October 5, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973592/testing-the-gr%C3%A3-fenberg-ring-in-interwar-britain-norman-haire-helena-wright-and-the-debate-over-statistical-evidence-side-effects-and-intra-uterine-contraception
#10
Caroline Rusterholz
This paper examines the introduction to Britain of the Gräfenberg ring, an early version of what later became known as an intrauterine device (IUD). The struggle during the interwar years to establish the value of the ring provides an opportunity for a case study of the evaluation and acceptance of a new medical device. With the professionalization of the birth control movement and the expansion of birth control clinics in interwar Britain, efforts to develop better scientific means for contraception grew rapidly...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968047/does-the-choice-of-forceps-during-iud-insertion-affect-pain-scores
#11
Richard Ma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958840/women-s-perceptions-and-treatment-patterns-related-to-contraception-results-of-a-survey-of-us-women
#12
Anita L Nelson, Stephen Cohen, Alex Galitsky, Mark Hathaway, Dale Kappus, Majid Kerolous, Kiren Patel, Linda Dominguez
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this survey was to understand US women's contraception journey from her first prescribed method to her current one including reasons for choosing and stopping/switching methods, healthcare provider relationships, and bleeding preferences. STUDY DESIGN: We administered a nationally-representative, web-based survey of US women aged 16 to 50years currently using (N=1656) or had previously used (N=1448) prescription contraception, or who had never used it but would consider using it in the future (N=103)...
September 25, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954752/laparoscopic-removal-of-migrated-intrauterine-device
#13
Ariel P Santos, Cate Wetzel, Zia Siddiqui, David Shane Harper
Intrauterine device (IUD) is a popular long-acting reversible contraceptive device with an estimated rate of use of about 5.3%. It is highly effective but not without complications, one of which is uterine perforation. The patient was a 32-year-old female who presented with nausea, vomiting and right upper quadrant abdominal pain that was tender on palpation. CT scan was performed and they found signs of acute calculous cholecystitis with incidental finding of a migrated IUD in the left lateral mid-abdomen within the peritoneal cavity...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953291/family-physicians-and-provision-of-immediate-postpartum-contraception-a-cera-study
#14
Michelle H Moniz, Anna K McEvoy, Michelle Hofmeister, Missy Plegue, Tammy Chang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) support the provision of intrauterine devices (IUDs) and the contraceptive implant to women immediately after childbirth. We aimed to assess perceived training needs and barriers to immediate postpartum contraceptive service delivery among US family physicians. METHODS: We contributed items regarding postpartum contraception to the 2015 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) omnibus survey of a national cohort of family medicine educators...
September 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950913/provider-and-lay-perspectives-on-intra-uterine-contraception-a-global-review
#15
REVIEW
Marina A S Daniele, John Cleland, Lenka Benova, Moazzam Ali
BACKGROUND: Intra-uterine contraception (IUC) involves the use of an intra-uterine device (IUD), a highly effective, long-acting, reversible contraceptive method. Historically, the popularity of IUC has waxed and waned across different world regions, due to policy choices and shifts in public opinion. However, despite its advantages and cost-effectiveness for programmes, IUC's contribution to contraceptive prevalence is currently negligible in many countries. This paper presents the results of a systematic review of the global literature on provider and lay perspectives on IUC...
September 26, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942106/familiarity-with-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-family-medicine-and-pediatrics-residents-results-of-a-2015-national-survey-and-implications-for-contraceptive-provision-for-adolescents
#16
Susan A Davis, Nikolay P Braykov, Eva Lathrop, Lisa B Haddad
OBJECTIVE: To assess familiarity with long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) among current Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN), Family Medicine (FM), and Pediatrics senior residents in the United States. METHODS: We selected 156 OB/GYN, FM, and Pediatrics residency programs using the AMA Freida database. Senior residents completed a survey addressing any training they had received on LARC, and rated their comfort level counseling about and inserting LARC. Residents rated their likelihood of recommending LARC to an adolescent, nulliparous patient, and indicated whether they would like additional training on LARC...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933640/the-impact-of-antithrombin-deficiency-on-women-s-reproductive-health-experiences-and-healthcare-decision-making
#17
Ariela L Marshall, Juliana Perez Botero, Aneel A Ashrani, Rajiv K Pruthi, John A Heit, Ashish Chintakuntlawar, Jennifer C Guenther, Mrinal M Patnaik
BACKGROUND: Women with inherited antithrombin (AT) deficiency are at high risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE), especially during times of estrogen exposure, but little is known about patient-oriented reproductive decision-making in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Provider-administered survey of women with AT deficiency. Participants were asked to discuss their diagnosis of AT deficiency and questioned about (1) contraception, (2) pregnancies, and (3) menorrhagia, and the impact of their AT deficiency on each reproductive health experience...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913137/intra-cesarean-insertion-and-fixation-of-frameless-intrauterine-devices
#18
REVIEW
Ateş Karateke, Abdulkadir Turgut, Özkan Özdamar, Dirk Wildemeersch
Various contraceptive methods are available to postpartum women including hormonal and nonhormonal barriers, as well as injectable forms. Of all the available birth control methods, intrauterine devices (IUD) are felt by many to be the near-ideal form of contraception, and are recommended by advocacy groups, physicians, and gynecological organizations worldwide. Immediate postpartum IUD insertion deserves greater attention because it can provide immediate contraception, prevents repeat unintended pregnancies, and may serve to reduce the incidence or need for secondary cesarean delivery; however, insertion of conventional T-shape IUDs immediately post placenta delivery is limited by their high expulsion and displacement rates...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906392/comparison-of-fertility-sparing-treatments-in-patients-with-early-endometrial-cancer-and-atypical-complex-hyperplasia-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Jing Wei, Weiyuan Zhang, Limin Feng, Wanli Gao
BACKGROUND: There are some fertility-sparing treatments in patients with early endometrial cancer (EEC) or atypical complex hyperplasia (ACH), and the objective is to compare them by evaluating the oncologic and reproductive outcomes. METHODS: We searched the published literature using Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases up to January 3, 2017, with various combinations of keywords fertility-sparing treatments, progesterone, progestin, intrauterine devices, early endometrial cancer, and atypical complex hyperplasia...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904718/-intrauterine-device-about-a-rare-complication-and-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Adil Kallat, Ahmed Ibrahimi, Otheman Fahsi, Hachem El Sayegh, Ali Iken, Lounis Benslimane, Yassine Nouini
The intrauterine device (IUD) is the most common contraceptive method used in the world. Transuterine migration is a rare complication, accounting for 1/350 - 1/10000 insertions in the literature. We report the case of a 40-year old patient, who had had an IUD insertion 12-year before, presenting with pelvic and right lower back pain associated with intermittent hematuria and burning during urination. Radiological assessment showed calcific deposits on intra bladder IUD. The patient underwent cystostomy, without any difficulty, allowing stone and IUD extraction...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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