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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103556/steerable-wavelet-machines-swm-learning-moving-frames-for-texture-classification
#1
Adrien Depeursinge, Zsuzsanna Puspoki, John Paul Ward, Michael Unser
We present texture operators encoding classspecific local organizations of image directions (LOID) in a rotation-invariant fashion. The LOIDs are key for visual understanding, and are at the origin of the success of the popular approaches such as local binary patterns (LBP) and the scaleinvariant feature transform (SIFT). Whereas LBPs and SIFT yield handcrafted image representations, we propose to learn dataspecific representations of the LOIDs in a rotation-invariant fashion. The image operators are based on steerable circular harmonic wavelets (CHW), offering a rich and yet compact initial representation for characterizing natural textures...
January 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103553/data-driven-affine-deformation-estimation-and-correction-in-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#2
Vincent Van Nieuwenhove, Jan De Beenhouwer, Thomas De Schryver, Luc Van Hoorebeke, Jan Sijbers
In Computed Tomography (CT), motion and deformation during the acquisition lead to streak artefacts and blurring in the reconstructed images. To remedy these artefacts, we introduce an efficient algorithm to estimate and correct for global affine deformations directly on the cone beam projections. The proposed technique is data-driven and thus removes the need for markers and/or a tracking system. A relationship between affine transformations and the cone beam transform is proven and used to correct the projections...
January 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103540/a-generative-approach-to-chinese-shanshui-painting
#3
Weili Shi
The Shan Shui in the World project recreated Manhattan, New York, in the style of traditional Chinese shanshui paintings by using a generative algorithm to transform its buildings into mountains. This project revisits the ideas implicit in Chinese literati paintings of shan shui: the relationship between urban life and people's yearning for nature and between social responsibility and spiritual purity. Shan Shui in the World was made possible by the growing ubiquitousness of data and the development of data visualization techniques, especially generative art...
January 2017: IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103488/effects-of-superabsorbent-polymers-on-the-fate-of-fungicidal-carbendazim-in-soils
#4
Yatian Yang, Haiyan Wang, Lei Huang, Sufen Zhang, Yupeng He, Qi Gao, Qingfu Ye
Superabsorbent polymers (SAPs) have been extensively used as soil amendments to retain water, and they often coexist with pesticides in agricultural fields. However, effects of SAPs on the fate of pesticides in soil remain poorly understood. In this study, a laboratory experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of SAPs on the transformation of (14)C-carbendazim in soils. The results showed that compared to the SAPs-free control, 11.4% relative reduction of (14)C-carbendazim extractable residue was observed in red clayey soil with SAPs amendment after 100days of incubation (p<0...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103396/a-feasibility-study-on-monitoring-residual-sugar-and-alcohol-strength-in-kiwi-wine-fermentation-using-a-fiber-optic-ft-nir-spectrometry-and-pls-regression
#5
Bingqian Wang, Bangzhu Peng
This work aims to investigate the potential of fiber-optic Fourier transform-near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectrometry associated with chemometric analysis, which will be applied to monitor time-related changes in residual sugar and alcohol strength during kiwi wine fermentation. NIR calibration models for residual sugar and alcohol strength during kiwi wine fermentation were established on the FT-NIR spectra of 98 samples scanned in a fiber-optic FT-NIR spectrometer, and partial least squares regression method. The results showed that R(2) and root mean square error of cross-validation could achieve 0...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103386/paraoxonase-1-activity-is-related-to-trichinella-spiralis-induced-hepatitis-in-rats
#6
Ayman Samir Farid, Eman Mohamed Fath, Shogo Mido, Nariaki Nonaka, Yoichiro Horii
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the potential adverse effects of a chronic zoonotic nematode Trichinella spiralis infection on hepatic inflammation and its relationship to paraoxonase (PON)-1 and butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) activities. Therefore, we aimed to examine the effects of T. spiralis infection on hepatic synthesis of PON1. METHODS: Wistar rats were infected with 2500 first-stage larvae of T. spiralis and serum PON1 and BuChE activities were evaluated...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103283/orthogonal-procrustes-analysis-for-dictionary-learning-in-sparse-linear-representation
#7
Giuliano Grossi, Raffaella Lanzarotti, Jianyi Lin
In the sparse representation model, the design of overcomplete dictionaries plays a key role for the effectiveness and applicability in different domains. Recent research has produced several dictionary learning approaches, being proven that dictionaries learnt by data examples significantly outperform structured ones, e.g. wavelet transforms. In this context, learning consists in adapting the dictionary atoms to a set of training signals in order to promote a sparse representation that minimizes the reconstruction error...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103188/numerical-inversion-of-srnf-maps-for-elastic-shape-analysis-of-genus-zero-surfaces
#8
Hamid Laga, Qian Xie, Ian H Jermyn, Anuj Srivastava
Recent developments in elastic shape analysis (ESA) are motivated by the fact that it provides a comprehensive framework for simultaneous registration, deformation, and comparison of shapes. These methods achieve computational efficiency using certain square-root representations that transform invariant elastic metrics into Euclidean metrics, allowing for the application of standard algorithms and statistical tools. For analyzing shapes of embeddings of S2 in R3, Jermyn et al. [1] introduced square-root normal fields (SRNFs), which transform an elastic metric, with desirable invariant properties, into the L2 metric...
January 5, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103144/role-of-different-natural-antioxidants-in-the-modulation-of-mrna-expression-of-apoptotic-molecules-in-the-livers-of-carbon-tetrachloride-intoxicated-rats
#9
Nouf M Al-Rasheed, Naglaa F El-Orabi, Laila Mohamed Fadda, Hanaa Mahmoud Ali, Nawal M Al-Rasheed, Yieldez Bassiouni, Abeer Mohammad Aldbass
Overexpression of nuclear factor (NF-κB) or activation of Smad3 by transforming growth factor β (TGF-β1) induced by oncogenes results in overexpression of fibrotic processes and hence cell death. The objective of this study is to examine whether Silymarin (Sil) alone or in combination with Vitamin E (Vit E) and/or Curcumin (Cur) plays a modulatory role against the overexpression of NF-κB, and TGF-β that induced in response to carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) administration. The present work revealed that CCl4 induced elevation of in serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Apoptosis regulator (Bax), Smad3, TGF-β, and NF-kB hepatic mRNA expression (using Real-time PCR), administration of Sil alone downregulated these expressions...
January 19, 2017: Animal Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103115/involvement-of-autophagy-in-nk-cell-development-and-function
#10
Alejandro López-Soto, José Manuel Bravo-San Pedro, Guido Kroemer, Lorenzo Galluzzi, Segundo Gonzalez
Natural killer (NK) cells are the prototypical members of the recently identified family of innate lymphoid cells (ILCs). Thanks to their cytotoxic and secretory functions, NK cells play a key role in the immune response to cells experiencing various forms of stress, including viral infection and malignant transformation. Autophagy is a highly conserved network of degradative pathways that participate in the maintenance of cellular and organismal homeostasis as they promote adaptation to adverse microenvironmental conditions...
January 19, 2017: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102962/general-synthesis-of-multishell-mixed-metal-oxyphosphide-particles-with-enhanced-electrocatalytic-activity-in-the-oxygen-evolution-reaction
#11
Bu Yuan Guan, Le Yu, Xiong Wen David Lou
We report a general approach for the synthesis of multishell mixed-metal oxyphosphide particles. Seven-layer Mn-Co oxide particles were first prepared by thermal treatment of Mn-Co coordination polymer precursors. Afterwards, these multishell Mn-Co oxide particles were further transformed into multishell Mn-Co oxyphosphide particles through a phosphidation reaction. This approach is very versatile and can be applied to synthesize other multishell mixed-metal oxyphosphide particles with different compositions...
January 19, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102960/nine-degrees-of-freedom-flexmap-for-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-imaging-device-with-independently-movable-source-and-detector
#12
Peter Keuschnigg, Daniel Kellner, Karl Fritscher, Andrea Zechner, Ulrich Mayer, Philipp Huber, Felix Sedlmayer, Heinz Deutschmann, Philipp Steininger
PURPOSE: Couch-mounted cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging devices with independently rotatable x-ray source and flat-panel detector arms for acquisitions of arbitrary regions of interest (ROI) have recently been introduced in image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT). This work analyzes mechanical limitations and gravity-induced effects influencing the geometric accuracy of images acquired with arbitrary angular constellations of source and detector in nonisocentric trajectories, which is considered essential for IGRT...
January 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102939/what-is-the-relationship-between-increased-access-to-haart-relationship-status-and-fertility-decisions-amongst-hiv-positive-women-a-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Abigail Burgess, Edward Purssell
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between fertility decisions, to have already had a child or to desire to have one in the future, and the prognostic factors of; access to antiretrovirals, the time since these became widely available (year of the study) and relationship status. BACKGROUND: There have been significant advances in the treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) with the advent of antiretroviral therapy which has been used to successfully reduce the rate of mother to child transmission; leading researchers to hypothesise that HIV positive women may desire to have children more so now than in the past...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102840/cancer-associated-fibroblasts-enact-field-cancerization-by-promoting-extratumoral-oxidative-stress
#14
Jeremy Soon Kiat Chan, Ming Jie Tan, Ming Keat Sng, Ziqiang Teo, Terri Phua, Chee Chong Choo, Liang Li, Pengcheng Zhu, Nguan Soon Tan
Histological inspection of visually normal tissue adjacent to neoplastic lesions often reveals multiple foci of cellular abnormalities. This suggests the presence of a regional carcinogenic signal that spreads oncogenic transformation and field cancerization. We observed an abundance of mutagenic reactive oxygen species in the stroma of cryosectioned patient tumor biopsies, indicative of extratumoral oxidative stress. Diffusible hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was elevated in the conditioned medium of cultured skin epithelia at various stages of oncogenic transformation, and H2O2 production increased with greater tumor-forming and metastatic capacity of the studied cell lines...
January 19, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102827/a-low-cost-scalable-current-sensing-digital-headstage-for-high-channel-count-%C3%A2%C2%B5ecog
#15
Michael Trumpis, Michele Insanally, Jialin Zou, Ashraf ElSharif, Ali Ghomashchi, N Sertac Artan, Robert Froemke, Jonathan Viventi
OBJECTIVE: High channel count electrode arrays allow for the monitoring of large-scale neural activity at high spatial resolution. Implantable arrays featuring many recording sites require compact, high bandwidth front-end electronics. In the present study, we investigated the use of a small, light weight, and low cost digital current-sensing integrated circuit for acquiring cortical surface signals from a 61-channel micro-electrocorticographic (��ECoG) array. APPROACH: We recorded both acute and chronic ��ECoG signal from rat auditory cortex using our novel digital current-sensing headstage...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102738/optimization-and-partial-characterization-of-intracellular-anticandidal-protein-from-aspergillus-giganteus-mtcc-8408-using-taguchi-doe
#16
Debashis Dutta, Mira Debnath Das
A new intracellular antifungal protein (afp) production with average molecular weight 24.3 kDa and yield of 0.65 ± 0.1 mg/gram dry cell weight (gdcw) of mycelia in submerged fermentation of Aspergillus giganteus MTCC 8408 was optimized. Taguchi's DOE (design of experiment) L27 orthogonal array (OA) was constructed using Qualitek-4 software with 8 most influensive factors namely, culture pH, temperature, slant age, inoculum volume, agitation and KH2PO4. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to correlate the effect of selected factors on fungal cell morphology and afp production...
January 19, 2017: Bioengineered
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102681/cascade-c-h-annulation-of-aldoximes-with-alkynes-using-o2-as-the-sole-oxidant-one-pot-access-to-multisubstituted-protoberberine-skeletons
#17
Junbin Tang, Shiqing Li, Zheng Liu, Yinsong Zhao, Zhijie She, Vilas D Kadam, Ge Gao, Jingbo Lan, Jingsong You
A cascade double C-H annulation of aldoximes with alkynes to produce benz[a]acridizinium salts is developed by using a simple catalytic system of [Cp*Rh(OAc)2]2 in the presence of Zn(OTf)2 with oxygen as the sole oxidant. In addition, the challenging C-H annulation of aldoximes with alkynes, especially arylalkynes, to synthesize 1H-isoquinolines is also achieved under slightly modified conditions. This protocol provides an efficient one-pot access to multisubstituted dehydroberberinium skeletons from simple starting materials, which can be easily transformed into berberinium and tetrahydroberberine skeletons by controlled hydrogenation...
January 19, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102680/ionicity-of-protic-ionic-liquid-quantitative-measurement-by-spectroscopic-methods
#18
Minming Shen, Yuyang Zhang, Kaizhou Chen, Siying Che, Jia Yao, Haoran Li
The ionicity value, which is a key property of protic ionic liquids, was obtained by the attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance respectively for a protic ionic liquid: n-propylammonium acetate. The method of potentiometric titration is found not suitable for such kind of ionic liquid as the ∆pKa of the compositing acid and base is relatively small. In the IR spectrum, molecular species can be directly observed in the range 1200-1800 cm-1, and the ratio of ionic and molecular species can be quantitatively calculated by the area of characteristic absorption peaks calibrated by standard curve from NaAc/HAc solutions...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102640/activated-macrophages-as-key-mediators-of-capsule-formation-on-adipose-constructs-in-tissue-engineering-chamber-models
#19
Weiqing Zhan, Feng Lu
In plastic and reconstructive field, it would be much beneficial to fabricate an engineered adipose tissue substitute allowing reliable and complete fat tissue regeneration. Tissue engineering chamber (TEC) holds the promise to optimize an adipogenic configuration that is efficacious as well as reproducible. A frequently occurring complication involves the adipose tissue flap encapsulation and, effectively, its shielding, by a thick fibrous membrane, which hinders development into the proliferative stage. The reason for the deposition of the collagen capsule remains unclear...
January 19, 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102563/multiscale-modeling-methods-in-biomechanics
#20
REVIEW
Pinaki Bhattacharya, Marco Viceconti
More and more frequently, computational biomechanics deals with problems where the portion of physical reality to be modeled spans over such a large range of spatial and temporal dimensions, that it is impossible to represent it as a single space-time continuum. We are forced to consider multiple space-time continua, each representing the phenomenon of interest at a characteristic space-time scale. Multiscale models describe a complex process across multiple scales, and account for how quantities transform as we move from one scale to another...
January 19, 2017: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Systems Biology and Medicine
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