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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724210/dandelion-root-extract-suppressed-gastric-cancer-cells-proliferation-and-migration-through-targeting-lncrna-ccat1
#1
Huanhuan Zhu, Hangyong Zhao, Linjie Zhang, Jianmin Xu, Chunhua Zhu, Hui Zhao, Guoqiang Lv
Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common tumors worldwide. Standard treatment after early detection involves surgical excision (recurrence is possible), and metastatic gastric cancer is refractory to immuno-, radio-, and most harmful chemotherapies. Various natural compounds have shown efficacy in killing different cancers, albeit not always specifically. In this study, we show that dandelion root extract (DRE) specifically and effectively suppresses proliferation and migration in human gastric cells without inducing toxicity in noncancerous cells...
July 14, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723672/e3-ubiquitin-ligase-tripartite-motif-containing-71-promotes-the-proliferation-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-through-the-inhibitor-of-kappab-%C3%AE-nuclear-factor-kappab-pathway
#2
Hongjiu Ren, Yitong Xu, Qiongzi Wang, Jun Jiang, Wudumuli, Linping Hui, Qingfu Zhang, Xiupeng Zhang, Enhua Wang, Limei Sun, Xueshan Qiu
Tripartite motif-containing (TRIM) 71 belongs to the TRIM protein family. Many studies have shown that TRIM71 plays conserved roles in stem cell proliferation, differentiation, and embryonic development; however, the relationship between TRIM71 and tumorigenesis is not clear. In this study, we demonstrate that TRIM71 expression in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is associated with tumor size, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage, and poor prognosis. We found that TRIM71 was highly expressed in NSCLC cell lines compared with that in human normal bronchial epithelial cells...
July 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723653/inhibition-of-notch-1-pathway-is-involved-in-rottlerin-induced-tumor-suppressive-function-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-cells
#3
Yingying Hou, Shaoyan Feng, Lixia Wang, Zhe Zhao, Jingna Su, Xuyuan Yin, Nana Zheng, Xiuxia Zhou, Jun Xia, Zhiwei Wang
Recent studies have revealed that rottlerin is a natural chemical drug to exert its anti-cancer activity. However, the molecular mechanisms of rottlerin-induced tumor suppressive function have not been fully elucidated. Notch signaling pathway has been characterized to play a crucial role in tumorigenesis. Therefore, regulation of Notch pathway could be beneficial for the treatment of human cancer. The aims of our current study were to explore whether rottlerin could suppress Notch-1 expression, which leads to inhibition of cell proliferation, migration and invasion in nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells...
July 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723632/potential-link-between-fusobacterium-enrichment-and-dna-methylation-accumulation-in-the-inflammatory-colonic-mucosa-in-ulcerative-colitis
#4
Tomomitsu Tahara, Ichiro Hirata, Naoko Nakano, Sayumi Tahara, Noriyuki Horiguchi, Tomohiko Kawamura, Masaaki Okubo, Takamitsu Ishizuka, Hyuga Yamada, Dai Yoshida, Takafumi Ohmori, Kohei Maeda, Naruomi Komura, Hirokazu Ikuno, Yasutaka Jodai, Toshiaki Kamano, Mitsuo Nagasaka, Yoshihito Nakagawa, Tetsuya Tuskamoto, Makoto Urano, Tomoyuki Shibata, Makoto Kuroda, Naoki Ohmiya
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Fusobacterium enrichment has been associated with colorectal cancer development. Ulcerative colitis (UC) associated tumorigenesis is characterized as high degree of methylation accumulation through continuous colonic inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate a potential link between Fusobacterium enrichment and DNA methylation accumulation in the inflammatory colonic mucosa in UC. METHODS: In the candidate analysis, inflamed colonic mucosa from 86 UC patients were characterized the methylation status of colorectal a panel of cancer related 24 genes...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723628/ese-1-elf3-mrna-expression-associates-with-poor-survival-outcomes-in-her2-breast-cancer-patients-and-is-critical-for-tumorigenesis-in-her2-breast-cancer-cells
#5
Adwitiya Kar, Arthur Gutierrez-Hartmann
ESE-1/Elf3 and HER2 appear to establish a positive feedback regulatory loop, but the precise role of ESE-1 in HER2+ breast tumorigenesis remains unknown. Analyzing public repositories, we found that luminal B and HER2 subtype patients with high ESE-1 mRNA levels displayed worse relapse free survival. We stably knocked down ESE-1 in HER2+ luminal B BT474 cells and HER2 subtype SKBR3 cells, which resulted in decreased cell proliferation, colony formation, and anchorage-independent growth in vitro. Stable ESE-1 knockdown inhibited HER2-dependent signaling in BT474 cells and inhibited mTOR activation in SKBR3 cells, but reduced Akt signaling in both cell types...
June 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723561/crosstalk-between-regulatory-t-cells-and-tumor-associated-dendritic-cells-negates-anti-tumor-immunity-in-pancreatic-cancer
#6
Jung-Eun Jang, Cristina H Hajdu, Caroline Liot, George Miller, Michael L Dustin, Dafna Bar-Sagi
Regulatory T (Treg) cell infiltration constitutes a prominent feature of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA). However, the immunomodulatory function of Treg cells in PDA is poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that Treg cell ablation is sufficient to evoke effective anti-tumor immune response in early and advanced pancreatic tumorigenesis in mice. This response is dependent on interferon-γ (IFN-γ)-producing cytotoxic CD8(+) T cells. We show that Treg cells engage in extended interactions with tumor-associated CD11c(+) dendritic cells (DCs) and restrain their immunogenic function by suppressing the expression of costimulatory ligands necessary for CD8(+) T cell activation...
July 18, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722665/mirna-and-lncrna-as-biomarkers-in-cholangiocarcinoma-cca
#7
REVIEW
Bo Zheng, Seogsong Jeong, Yanjing Zhu, Lei Chen, Qiang Xia
The microRNAs are a group of 20 nucleotides-long non-coding RNAs. By binding to the 3'UTR region of target mRNA, microRNAs can perform extensive actions mediating gene expression at post-trancriptional stages. It makes microRNAs serve as very crucial regulators in various biological progress including carcinogenesis. Long non-coding RNAs, however, are a subgroup of RNA with the length of 200 nucleotides. Unlike microRNAs, long non-coding RNAs can form secondary of tertiary domain based on their length. With the ability of directly interacting with DNA, RNA, protein, long non-coding RNAs have promoting or inhibitive functions in gene expression regulation...
July 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722511/grwd1-a-new-player-among-oncogenesis-related-ribosomal-nucleolar-proteins
#8
Takuya Takafuji, Kota Kayama, Nozomi Sugimoto, Masatoshi Fujita
Increasing attention has been paid to certain ribosomal or ribosome biosynthesis-related proteins involved in oncogenesis. Members of one group are classified as "tumor suppressive factors" represented by RPL5 and RPL11; loss of their functions leads to cancer predisposition. RPL5 and RPL11 prevent tumorigenesis by binding to and inhibiting the MDM2 ubiquitin ligase and thereby up-regulating p53. Many other candidate tumor suppressive ribosomal/nucleolar proteins have been suggested. However, it remains to be experimentally clarified whether many of these factors can actually prevent tumorigenesis and if so, how they do so...
July 19, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722097/-research-progress-of-the-association-of-hydrogen-sulfide-with-colorectal-cancer-and-its-associated-anti-tumor-drugs
#9
Shanwen Chen, Pengyuan Wang, Yucun Liu
As the third confirmed gaseous transmitters, hydrogen sulfide was found to play a vital role in the eternal milieu both physiologically and pathologically. What's intriguing is that, there exists a debate about the role of hydrogen sulfide in the pathogenesis of cancer, especially colorectal cancer. In this manuscript, progress of the effect of low and high dose hydrogen sulfide on the tumorigenesis of colorectal cancer and research on the antitumor new drugs stemmed from the function of hydrogen sulfide is summarized...
July 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721912/exosomes-and-exosomal-micrornas-in-prostate-cancer-radiation-therapy
#10
REVIEW
Bijaya Malla, Kathrin Zaugg, Erik Vassella, Daniel M Aebersold, Alan Dal Pra
Despite current risk stratification systems using traditional clinicopathologic factors, many localized and locally advanced prostate cancers fail radical treatment (ie, radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy with or without androgen deprivation therapy). Therefore, a pressing need exists for enhanced methods of disease stratification through novel prognostic and predictive tools that can reliably be applied in clinical practice. Exosomes are 50- to 150-nm small vesicles released by cancer cells that reflect the genetic and nongenetic materials of parent cancer cells...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721903/clinical-advances-of-hypoxia-activated-prodrugs-in-combination-with-radiation-therapy
#11
REVIEW
Ishna N Mistry, Matthew Thomas, Ewen D D Calder, Stuart J Conway, Ester M Hammond
With the increasing incidence of cancer worldwide, the need for specific, effective therapies is ever more urgent. One example of targeted cancer therapeutics is hypoxia-activated prodrugs (HAPs), also known as bioreductive prodrugs. These prodrugs are inactive in cells with normal oxygen levels but in hypoxic cells (with low oxygen levels) undergo chemical reduction to the active compound. Hypoxia is a common feature of solid tumors and is associated with a more aggressive phenotype and resistance to all modes of therapy...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721811/moving-to-the-rhythm-with-clock-circadian-genes-autophagy-mtor-and-sirt1-in-degenerative-disease-and-cancer
#12
Kenneth Maiese
BACKGROUND: The mammalian circadian clock and its associated clock genes are increasingly be recognized as critical components for a number of physiological and disease processes that extend beyond hormone release, thermal regulation, and sleep-wake cycles. New evidence suggests that clinical behavior disruptions that involve prolonged shift work and even space travel may negatively impact circadian rhythm and lead to multi-system disease. METHODS: In light of the significant role circadian rhythm can hold over the body's normal physiology as well as disease processes, we examined and discussed the impact circadian rhythm and clock genes hold over lifespan, neurodegenerative disorders, and tumorigenesis...
July 17, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721069/the-effect-of-circulating-mir-223-on-surveillance-of-different-cancers-a-meta-analysis
#13
Yunfeng Zhang, Jinbo Lin, Wenjie Huang, Yong Cao, Yi Liu, Tieqiang Wang, Weiyi Zhong, Dongli Wang, Rongrong Mao, Xiaoliang Chen
PURPOSE: Abnormal expression of miR-223 in cancerous tissue has confirmed it as an important player in tumorigenesis of cancers, such as hepatocellular carcinoma, colorectal carcinoma, osteosarcoma, gastric cancer, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The present meta-analysis aimed to explore the association between circulating miR-223 and prognosis of cancers. METHODS: The studies were accessed by an electronic search of multiple databases. RevMan5.3 and STATA14...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720772/blockade-of-axl-signaling-ameliorates-hpv16e6-mediated-tumorigenecity-of-cervical-cancer
#14
Eun-Hee Lee, Kon-Young Ji, Eun-Mi Kim, Su-Man Kim, Hyeong-Woo Song, Ha-Rim Choi, Byung Yeoup Chung, Hyo Jin Choi, Hyoung-Woo Bai, Hyung-Sik Kang
Axl receptor tyrosine kinase is involved in the tumorigenesis and metastasis of many cancers. Axl expression was markedly higher in human papilloma virus type 16E6 (HPV16E6)-overexpressing HeLa (HE6F) cells and lower in HPV16E6-suppressing CaSki (CE6R) cells than in the controls. SiRNA-mediated knockdown of E6 expression led to increased phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) phosphorylation at Ser380 and attenuated AKT phosphorylation. Expression of membrane-associated guanylate kinase inverted-2 (MAGI-2), an E6-induced degradation target, was induced in E6-siRNA-transfected cells...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720067/hpv16-e6-e7-upregulates-hif-2%C3%AE-and-vegf-by-inhibiting-lkb1-in-lung-cancer-cells
#15
Jian-Shuang Shao, Jian Sun, Shiyu Wang, Katherine Chung, Jin Tong Du, Jason Wang, Xue-Shan Qiu, En-Hua Wang, Guang-Ping Wu
Long-term persistent infection of HPV16 E6/E7 is frequently associated with lung cancers, especially in non-smokers and in Asians. However, molecular mechanisms of HPV16 E6/E7 induction of lung cancer are not fully understood. Using bi-directional genetic manipulation and four well-established lung cancer cell lines, we showed HPV16 E6/E7 downregulated expression of liver kinase B1 at both protein and messenger RNA levels; liver kinase B1 downregulated hypoxia-inducible factor 2α at protein level but not at messenger RNA level, and hypoxia-inducible factor 2α upregulated vascular endothelial growth factor at both protein and messenger RNA levels...
July 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719867/tissue-homeostasis-and-aging-new-insight-from-the-fly-intestine
#16
REVIEW
Louis Gervais, Allison J Bardin
Adult somatic stem cells facilitate tissue homeostasis throughout the life of the organism. The mechanisms controlling stem cell activity are under intense scrutiny, with the aims of elucidating how they mediate tissue homeostasis, contribute to age-related decline of adult tissues, and promote tumorigenesis. Recently, the use of model systems such as the Drosophila intestine has enriched our understanding of how stem cells integrate local and systemic signals to maintain tissue and organs function in physiological conditions of homeostasis or after damage...
July 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718438/tissue-intrinsic-tumor-hotspots-terroir-for-tumorigenesis
#17
REVIEW
Yoichiro Tamori, Wu-Min Deng
Epithelial tissues are highly organized systems with a remarkable homeostatic ability to maintain morphology through regulation of cellular proliferation and tissue integrity. This robust self-organizing system is progressively disrupted during tumor development. Recent studies of conserved tumor-suppressor genes in Drosophila showed how protumor cells deviate from the robustly organized tissue microenvironment to take the first steps into becoming aggressive tumors. Here we review the 'tumor hotspot' hypothesis that explains how the tissue-intrinsic local microenvironment has a pivotal role in the initial stage of tumorigenesis in Drosophila epithelia and discuss comparable mechanisms in mammalian tissues...
April 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718429/activated-erk-an-emerging-player-in-mirna-downregulation
#18
Yiping Qu, Bingyin Shi, Peng Hou
To date, the mechanisms underlying global downregulation of miRNAs in cancer remain largely unclear. Recent findings indicate that activated ERK can cause widespread miRNA repression through suppressing the major steps of miRNA biogenesis. Here we discuss how ERK signaling globally downregulates miRNAs and how this contributes to tumorigenesis.
March 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718426/targeting-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-in-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Selcuk Colak, Peter Ten Dijke
The transforming growth factor (TGF)-β signaling pathway is deregulated in many diseases, including cancer. In healthy cells and early-stage cancer cells, this pathway has tumor-suppressor functions, including cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis. However, its activation in late-stage cancer can promote tumorigenesis, including metastasis and chemoresistance. The dual function and pleiotropic nature of TGF-β signaling make it a challenging target and imply the need for careful therapeutic dosing of TGF-β drugs and patient selection...
January 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718404/emerging-role-of-the-unfolded-protein-response-in-tumor-immunosurveillance
#20
REVIEW
Hélène Vanacker, Jessica Vetters, Lyvia Moudombi, Christophe Caux, Sophie Janssens, Marie-Cécile Michallet
Disruption of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis results in ER stress and activation of the unfolded protein response (UPR). This response alleviates cell stress, and is activated in both tumor cells and tumor infiltrating immune cells. The UPR plays a dual function in cancer biology, acting as a barrier to tumorigenesis at the premalignant stage, while fostering cancer maintenance in established tumors. In infiltrating immune cells, the UPR has been involved in both immunosurveillance and immunosuppressive functions...
July 2017: Trends in Cancer
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