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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558734/a-brief-clinical-case-of-monitoring-of-oxygenator-performance-and-patient-machine-interdependency-during-prolonged-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#1
Mirko Belliato, Antonella Degani, Antonino Buffa, Fabio Sciutti, Michele Pagani, Carlo Pellegrini, Giorgio Antonio Iotti
Monitoring veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vvECMO) during 76 days of continuous support in a 42-years old patient with end-stage pulmonary disease, listed for double-lung transplantation. Applying a new monitor (Landing(®), Eurosets, Medolla, Italy) and describing how measured and calculated parameters can be used to understand the variable interdependency between artificial membrane lung (ML) and patient native lung (NL). During vvECMO, in order to understand how the respiratory function is shared between ML and NL, ideally we should obtain data about oxygen transfer and CO2 removal, both by ML and NL...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492519/observational-study-of-lung-transplant-recipients-surviving-20-years
#2
Sasiharan Sithamparanathan, Logan Thirugnanasothy, Stephen Clark, John H Dark, Andrew J Fisher, Kate F Gould, Asif Hasan, James L Lordan, Gerard Meachery, Gareth Parry, Paul A Corris
BACKGROUND: Lung transplant recipients have reduced long-term survival compared with other solid organ recipients. There is a lack of published data on the characteristics of very long term survivors. METHODS: We describe the demographics, clinical history and post-procedure function of all lung transplant recipients who have survived greater than 20 years at our centre. RESULTS: At the time of analysis there were 21 (16.4%) of 128 patients who survived over 20 years...
August 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270709/de-novo-malignancy-after-lung-transplantation-in-japan
#3
Takuro Miyazaki, Takahiro Oto, Meinoshin Okumura, Hiroshi Date, Takeshi Shiraishi, Yoshinori Okada, Masayuki Chida, Takashi Kondo, Takeshi Nagayasu
OBJECTIVE: Lung transplant recipients have an increased de novo cancer risk due to long-term immunosuppression and several oncogenic viral infections. In Japan, to date, there have been no national surveys of the incidence of de novo malignancy after lung transplantation. METHODS: This national survey was conducted by the Japanese Society for Transplantation. The questionnaire was distributed to lung transplant institutions, asking about several clinical factors related to de novo malignancy patients transplanted from 2001 to 2010...
September 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147626/donors-with-a-prior-history-of-cardiac-surgery-are-a-viable-source-of-lung-allografts
#4
Joseph Costa, Sowmyashree Sreekanth, Alex Kossar, Kashif Raza, Hilary Robbins, Lori Shah, Joshua R Sonett, Selim Arcasoy, Frank D'Ovidio
OBJECTIVES: End-stage lung disease continues to rise despite the lack of suitable lung donors, limiting the numbers of lung transplants performed each year. Expanded donor criteria, use of donation after cardiac death donors and the advent of ex vivo lung perfusion have resulted only in a slight increase in donor lung utilization. Organ donors with prior cardiac surgery (DPCS) present risks and technical challenges; however, they may be a potential source of suitable lung allografts with an experienced procurement surgeon...
May 4, 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27052747/25-year-follow-up-after-lung-transplantation-at-lund-university-hospital-in-sweden-superior-results-obtained-for-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#5
Mohammed Fakhro, Richard Ingemansson, Ingrid Skog, Lars Algotsson, Lennart Hansson, Bansi Koul, Ronny Gustafsson, Per Wierup, Sandra Lindstedt
OBJECTIVES: In Sweden, two centres perform lung transplantation for a population of about 9 million and the entire population is covered for lung transplantation by government health insurance. Lund University Hospital is one of these centres. This retrospective report reviews the 25-year experience of the Skåne University Hospital Lung Transplant Program with particular emphasis on short-term outcome and long-term survival but also between different subgroups of patients and types of transplant [single-lung transplantation (SLTx) versus double-lung transplantation (DLTx)] procedure performed...
July 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856664/post-transplant-survival-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-patients-concurrently-listed-for-single-and-double-lung-transplantation
#6
Dhaval Chauhan, Ashwin B Karanam, Aurelie Merlo, P A Tom Bozzay, Mark J Zucker, Harish Seethamraju, Nazly Shariati, Mark J Russo
BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation is a widely accepted treatment for patients with end-stage lung disease related to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, there are conflicting data on whether double lung transplant (DLT) or single lung transplant (SLT) is the superior therapy in these patients. The purpose of this study was to determine whether actuarial post-transplant graft survival among IPF patients concurrently listed for DLT and SLT is greater for recipients undergoing the former or the latter...
May 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26809666/nocardiosis-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#7
K Shannon, Y Pasikhova, Q Ibekweh, S Ludlow, A Baluch
BACKGROUND: Nocardia species are ubiquitous environmental organisms that can cause a diverse spectrum of disease. Clinical manifestations range from localized skin and soft tissue infections to life-threatening pulmonary, central nervous system, and/or disseminated infections. Patients with hematologic malignancies undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are at risk for nocardiosis, and further data in regard to characteristics of disease in this population are warranted...
April 2016: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26607844/prolonged-mechanical-ventilation-after-lung-transplantation-a-single-center-study
#8
J Hadem, J Gottlieb, D Seifert, C Fegbeutel, W Sommer, M Greer, O Wiesner, J T Kielstein, A S Schneider, F Ius, J Fuge, C Kühn, I Tudorache, A Haverich, T Welte, G Warnecke, M M Hoeper
This single-center study examines the incidence, etiology, and outcomes associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV), defined as time to definite spontaneous ventilation >21 days after double lung transplantation (LTx). A total of 690 LTx recipients between January 2005 and December 2012 were analyzed. PMV was necessary in 95 (13.8%) patients with decreasing incidence during the observation period (p < 0.001). Independent predictors of PMV were renal replacement therapy (odds ratio [OR] 11...
May 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26329287/predictors-of-shock-and-mortality-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-with-bacteremia-caused-by-non-lactose-fermenting-gram-negative-bacilli
#9
Qiquan Wan, Aijing Luo, Qifa Ye, Shan Liu, Jiandang Zhou
BACKGROUND: More data on bacteremia due to non-lactose fermenting gram-negative bacilli (NLF GNB) in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients are needed. We aimed to investigate the epidemiology, microbiology, and risk factors for mortality and septic shock due to NLF GNB bacteremia in SOT recipients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, double-center study over a 12-year study period. The risk factors for mortality and septic shock in SOT recipients with NLF GNB bacteremia were assessed with multivariate logistic regression analysis...
2016: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26321137/mayo-clinic-experience-of-lung-transplantation-in-pulmonary-lymphangioleiomyomatosis
#10
Kamonpun Ussavarungsi, Xiaowen Hu, J P Scott, David B Erasmus, Jorge M Mallea, Francisco Alvarez, Augustine S Lee, Cesar A Keller, Jay H Ryu, Charles D Burger
OBJECTIVES: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare, cystic lung disease that generally results in progressive decline in lung function. Despite advancement of pharmacological therapy for LAM, lung transplantation remains an important option for women with end-stage LAM. METHODS: Patients with LAM undergoing lung transplantation at the Mayo Clinic campuses in Rochester, Minnesota and Jacksonville, Florida since 1995 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Overall, 12 women underwent lung transplantation...
October 2015: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25894323/pre-transplant-plasma-torque-teno-virus-load-and-increase-dynamics-after-lung-transplantation
#11
Irene Görzer, Peter Jaksch, Michael Kundi, Tamara Seitz, Walter Klepetko, Elisabeth Puchhammer-Stöckl
BACKGROUND: The human Torque Teno virus (TTV) causes persistent viremia in most immunocompetent individuals. Elevated TTV levels are observed after solid organ transplantation and are related to the extent of immunosuppression especially during the phase of maintenance immunosuppression. However, the extent to which the TTV increase in the early phase post-transplantation is associated with the patient's immunosuppressive state is unclear. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we assessed the TTV increase dynamics in detail during the first three months after lung transplantation under a defined immunosuppressive regimen and in relation to the pre-transplant TTV level...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25891742/a-case-of-acute-fibrinous-and-organizing-pneumonia-during-early-postoperative-period-after-lung-transplantation
#12
I O Alici, E Yekeler, A Yazicioglu, S Turan, Y Tezer-Tekce, F Demirag, N Karaoglanoglu
Acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia (AFOP) is a distinct histologic pattern usually classified under the term chronic lung allograft dysfunction. We present a 48-year-old female patient who experienced AFOP during the 2nd week of double lung transplantation for pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis and secondary pulmonary hypertension. During the 8th day after transplantation, fever and neutrophilia developed together with bilateral consolidation. Infection markers were elevated. Despite coverage of a full antimicrobial spectrum, the situation progressed...
April 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25689144/do-chest-expansion-exercises-aid-re-shaping-the-diaphragm-within-the-first-72%C3%A2-hours-following-lung-transplantation-in-a-usual-interstitial-pneumonia-patient
#13
Massimiliano Polastri, Erika Venturini, Saverio Pastore, Andrea Dell'Amore
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Usual interstitial pneumonia is a chronic pulmonary disease, and it is characterized by progressive and rapid lung fibrosis and typically affects patients older than 50 years. This study sought to discuss the use of chest expansion exercises during the immediate post-operative phase in a lung transplantation recipient. METHODS: This was a non-experimental case report study. A 58-year-old man who was affected by usual interstitial pneumonia with severe respiratory insufficiency requiring continuous oxygen therapy underwent double lung transplantation...
September 2015: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25612863/severe-hematologic-complications-after-lung-transplantation-in-patients-with-telomerase-complex-mutations
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Raphael Borie, Caroline Kannengiesser, Sandrine Hirschi, Jérôme Le Pavec, Hervé Mal, Emmanuel Bergot, Stéphane Jouneau, Jean-Marc Naccache, Patrick Revy, David Boutboul, Régis Peffault de la Tour, Lidwine Wemeau-Stervinou, Francois Philit, Jean-François Cordier, Gabriel Thabut, Bruno Crestani, Vincent Cottin
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the telomerase complex (TERT and TR) are associated with pulmonary fibrosis and frequent hematologic manifestations. The aim of this study was to characterize the prognosis of lung transplantation in patients with TERT or TR mutations. METHODS: Patients with documented TERT or TR mutations who received a lung transplant between 2007 and 2013 in France were identified via an exhaustive search of the lung transplantation network, one expert genetic laboratory, and the clinical research network on rare pulmonary diseases...
April 2015: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25574033/recurrent-polymyositis-associated-lung-disease-after-lung-transplantation
#15
Rafael Arboleda, Olga Gonzalez, Manuel Cortes, Francisco Perez-Cerda
The association between interstitial lung disease and polymyositis/dermatomyositis is well known. It severely affects patients' quality of life, worsens prognosis and represents a major risk factor for premature death. Current treatment is unclear and therapeutic options are based on case series. We report the case of a 15-year old female diagnosed with end-stage lung disease associated to polymyositis who received a double lung transplant after 20 days of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. She died 9 months later and microscopic post-mortem findings revealed recurrence of interstitial lung disease...
April 2015: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25523718/randomized-double-blind-comparison-of-standard-dose-vs-high-dose-trivalent-inactivated-influenza-vaccine-in-pediatric-solid-organ-transplant-patients
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sarah GiaQuinta, Marian G Michaels, Jonathan A McCullers, Li Wang, Christopher Fonnesbeck, Alice O'Shea, Michael Green, Natasha B Halasa
Children who have undergone SOT mount a lower immune response after vaccination with TIV compared to healthy controls. HD or SD TIV in pediatric SOT was given to subjects 3-17 yr and at least six months post-transplant. Subjects were randomized 2:1 to receive either the HD (60 μg) or the SD (15 μg) TIV. Local and systemic reactions were solicited after each vaccination, and immune responses were measured before and after each vaccination. Thirty-eight subjects were enrolled. Mean age was 11.25 yr; 68% male, 45% renal, 26% heart, 21% liver, 5% lung, and 5% intestinal...
March 2015: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25459589/prognostic-value-of-rv-function-before-and-after-lung-transplantation
#17
Kenya Kusunose, Rayji S Tsutsui, Kavita Bhatt, Marie M Budev, Zoran B Popović, Brian P Griffin, Michael A Bolen
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effects of lung transplantation on right ventricular (RV) function as well as the prognostic value of pre- and post-transplantation RV function. BACKGROUND: Although lung transplantation success has improved over recent decades, outcomes remain a challenge. Identifying predictors of mortality in lung transplant recipients may lead to improved long-term outcomes after lung transplantation. METHODS: Eighty-nine (age 60 ± 6 years, 58 men) consecutive patients who underwent single or double lung transplantation and had pre- and post-transplantation echocardiograms between July 2001 and August 2012 were evaluated...
November 2014: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25447581/post-operative-kinetics-of-procalcitonin-after-lung-transplantation
#18
Mathieu Desmard, Abdel Benbara, Sandrine Boudinet, Herve Mal, Monique Dehoux, Gabriel Thabut, Philippe Montravers
BACKGROUND: Post-operative infections are a major complication after lung transplantation (LT). Early bacterial pneumonia worsens the prognosis of LT. Procalcitonin (PCT) has been proposed as an early and rapid laboratory marker of infection and sepsis. PCT could be a useful biomarker of pulmonary infection after LT, but the early kinetics of PCT in this setting are unknown. We evaluated the kinetics of PCT and the impact of respiratory tract infection on PCT concentrations. METHODS: Over a 12-month period, PCT concentrations were determined daily in each patient admitted to our ICU for LT...
February 2015: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25003824/the-natural-history-of-lung-function-after-lung-transplantation-for-%C3%AE-1-antitrypsin-deficiency
#19
Amit Banga, Thomas Gildea, Jeevanantham Rajeswaran, Haala Rokadia, Eugene H Blackstone, James K Stoller
RATIONALE: Lung transplantation (LT) is an established treatment for end-stage lung diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) associated with α1-antitrypsin deficiency (AATD). OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare the post-transplantation course of patients with AATD and AAT-replete COPD. METHODS: Between June 1991 and January 2008, a total of 231 patients with AAT-replete COPD and 45 with AATD underwent LT at Cleveland Clinic...
August 1, 2014: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24930454/successful-lung-transplant-in-a-child-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-persistent-blastobotrys-rhaffinosifermentans-infection
#20
J Y Wong, A L Chambers, J Fuller, A Lacson, J Mullen, D Lien, A Humar
Fungal respiratory infections in patients with CF are a significant concern both pre- and post-lung transplantation (LTx). Fungal infection is associated with increased mortality post-LTx, and in the past decade, the prevalence of fungal colonization in Canadian pediatric patients with CF has increased. The emergence of novel fungal pathogens is particularly challenging to the transplant community, as little is known regarding their virulence and optimal management. We present a case of a successful double-lung transplant in a pediatric patient with CF who was infected pretransplantation with a novel yeast, Blastobotrys rhaffinosifermentans...
August 2014: Pediatric Transplantation
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