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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141316/-a-clinical-analysis-of-micafungin-treatment-of-pulmonary-invasive-fungal-infection-in-pediatric-patients-with-acute-leukemia-or-post-hematopoietic-stem-cells-transplantation
#1
K Huang, K Y Qiu, L L Deng, J P Fang, Y Li, H X Guo, D H Zhou
Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of micafungin (MCF) for pulmonary invasive fungal disease (PIFD) in pediatric patients with acute leukemia or post hematopoietic stem cells transplantation. Method: Twenty-five neutropenic PIFD children with acute leukemia or post hematopoietic stem cells transplantation in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University were selected from January 2012 to June 2015, including 12 males and 13 females, age range 2-15 (average 6.2±2.0) years. There were 12 cases of acute leukemia (AL) after chemotherapy, 4 cases of acute leukemia (AL) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and 9 cases of β-thalassemia major after allo-HSCT...
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823029/experience-of-lung-transplantation-in-patients-with-lymphangioleiomyomatosis-at-a-brazilian-reference-centre
#2
Bruno Guedes Baldi, Marcos Naoyuki Samano, Silvia Vidal Campos, Martina Rodrigues de Oliveira, José Eduardo Afonso Junior, Rafael Medeiros Carraro, Ricardo Henrique Oliveira Braga Teixeira, Isabela Pasqualini Minguini, Roni Burlina, Eduardo Zinoni Silva Pato, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro Carvalho, André Nathan Costa
INTRODUCTION: Lung transplantation (LT) is the standard of care for patients with advanced lung diseases, including lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM). LAM accounts for only 1% of all LTs performed in the international registry. As a result, the global experience, including the use of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors before and after LT in LAM, is still limited. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all LAM patients who underwent LT at our centre between 2003 and 2016...
December 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527964/impact-of-high-priority-allocation-on-lung-and-heart-lung-transplantation-for-pulmonary-hypertension
#3
Laurent Savale, Jérôme Le Pavec, Olaf Mercier, Sacha Mussot, Xavier Jaïs, Dominique Fabre, Caroline O'Connell, David Montani, François Stephan, Olivier Sitbon, Gérald Simonneau, Philippe Dartevelle, Marc Humbert, Elie Fadel
BACKGROUND: Since 2006 and 2007, patients in France with severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) who are at imminent risk of death, despite optimal treatment in the intensive care unit, are placed on a high-priority list (HPL) for heart-lung transplantation (HLT) or double-lung transplantation (DLT). We assessed the effect of this approach on the waiting list and outcomes after transplantation. METHODS: We conducted a single-center, retrospective, before-and-after study of consecutive patients with severe group 1, 1', or 4 PH listed for DLT or HLT between 2000 and 2013 (ie, 6 years before and 6 years after HPL implementation)...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508451/impact-of-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-on-lung-transplantation-outcome-in-patients-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension
#4
A Avriel, A H Klement, S R Johnson, M de Perrot, J Granton
Diastolic dysfunction may influence perioperative outcome, early graft function, and long-term survival. We compared the outcomes of double lung transplantation (DLTx) for patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) with preoperative left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction with the outcomes of patients without diastolic dysfunction. Of 116 consecutive patients with PAH (who underwent transplantation between January 1995 and December 2013), 44 met our inclusion and exclusion criteria. Fourteen (31...
October 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331451/vanishing-bronchus-after-lung-transplantation-the-role-of-sequential-airway-dilatations
#5
Abdul Hamid Alraiyes, Hanine Inaty, Michael S Machuzak
BACKGROUND: Airway complications after lung transplant play an important role in patient survival. Early recognition and treatment of these complications are necessary to help ensure that patients who receive lung transplants have good outcomes. CASE REPORT: A 61-year-old female with a history of pulmonary venous occlusive disease presented to our hospital for a double-lung transplant. Her postoperative course was complicated by severe primary graft dysfunction...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282366/comparing-azole-plasma-trough-levels-in-lung-transplant-recipients-percentage-of-therapeutic-levels-and-intrapatient-variability
#6
Daniela Stelzer, Alexandra Weber, Franziska Ihle, Sandhya Matthes, Felix Ceelen, Gregor Zimmermann, Nikolaus Kneidinger, Rene Schramm, Hauke Winter, Michael Zoller, Michael Vogeser, Juergen Behr, Claus Neurohr
BACKGROUND: This study compared therapeutic azole plasma trough levels (APL) of the azole antimycotics itraconazole (ITR), voriconazole (VOR), and posaconazole (POS) in lung transplant recipients and analyzed the influencing factors. In addition, intrapatient variability for each azole was determined. METHODS: From July 2012 to July 2015, 806 APL of ITR, VOR, posaconazole liquid (POS-Liq), and posaconazole tablets (POS-Tab) were measured in 173 patients of the Munich Lung Transplantation Program...
April 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274791/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-airway%C3%A2-complications-following-lung%C3%A2-transplantation
#7
REVIEW
Amit K Mahajan, Erik Folch, Sandeep J Khandhar, Colleen L Channick, Jose F Santacruz, Atul C Mehta, Steven D Nathan
Airway complications following lung transplantation result in considerable morbidity and are associated with a mortality of 2% to 4%. The incidence of lethal and nonlethal airway complications has decreased since the early experiences with double- and single-lung transplantation. The most common risk factor associated with post-lung transplantation airway complications is anastomotic ischemia. Airway complications include the development of exophytic granulation tissue, bronchial stenosis, bronchomalacia, airway fistula, endobronchial infection, and anastomotic dehiscence...
September 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045862/comparing-azole-plasma-trough-levels-in-lung-transplant-recipients-percentage-of-therapeutic-levels-and-intra-patient-variability
#8
Daniela Stelzer, Alexandra Weber, Franziska Ihle, Sandhya Matthes, Felix Ceelen, Gregor Zimmermann, Nikolaus Kneidinger, Rene Schramm, Hauke Winter, Michael Zoller, Michael Vogeser, Juergen Behr, Claus Neurohr
BACKGROUND: This study compared therapeutic azole plasma trough levels (APL) of the azole antimycotics itraconazole (ITR), voriconazole (VOR), and posaconazole (POS) in lung transplant recipients and analyzed the influencing factors. In addition, intra-patient variability for each azole was determined. METHODS: From July 2012 to July 2015, 806 APL of ITR, VOR, POS liquid (POS-Liq), and POS tablets (POS-Tab) were measured in 173 patients of the Munich Lung Transplantation (LTx) Program...
December 29, 2016: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558734/a-brief-clinical-case-of-monitoring-of-oxygenator-performance-and-patient-machine-interdependency-during-prolonged-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#9
Mirko Belliato, Antonella Degani, Antonino Buffa, Fabio Sciutti, Michele Pagani, Carlo Pellegrini, Giorgio Antonio Iotti
Monitoring veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (vvECMO) during 76 days of continuous support in a 42-years old patient with end-stage pulmonary disease, listed for double-lung transplantation. Applying a new monitor (Landing(®), Eurosets, Medolla, Italy) and describing how measured and calculated parameters can be used to understand the variable interdependency between artificial membrane lung (ML) and patient native lung (NL). During vvECMO, in order to understand how the respiratory function is shared between ML and NL, ideally we should obtain data about oxygen transfer and CO2 removal, both by ML and NL...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27492519/observational-study-of-lung-transplant-recipients-surviving-20-years
#10
Sasiharan Sithamparanathan, Logan Thirugnanasothy, Stephen Clark, John H Dark, Andrew J Fisher, Kate F Gould, Asif Hasan, James L Lordan, Gerard Meachery, Gareth Parry, Paul A Corris
BACKGROUND: Lung transplant recipients have reduced long-term survival compared with other solid organ recipients. There is a lack of published data on the characteristics of very long term survivors. METHODS: We describe the demographics, clinical history and post-procedure function of all lung transplant recipients who have survived greater than 20 years at our centre. RESULTS: At the time of analysis there were 21 (16.4%) of 128 patients who survived over 20 years...
August 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270709/de-novo-malignancy-after-lung-transplantation-in-japan
#11
Takuro Miyazaki, Takahiro Oto, Meinoshin Okumura, Hiroshi Date, Takeshi Shiraishi, Yoshinori Okada, Masayuki Chida, Takashi Kondo, Takeshi Nagayasu
OBJECTIVE: Lung transplant recipients have an increased de novo cancer risk due to long-term immunosuppression and several oncogenic viral infections. In Japan, to date, there have been no national surveys of the incidence of de novo malignancy after lung transplantation. METHODS: This national survey was conducted by the Japanese Society for Transplantation. The questionnaire was distributed to lung transplant institutions, asking about several clinical factors related to de novo malignancy patients transplanted from 2001 to 2010...
September 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27147626/donors-with-a-prior-history-of-cardiac-surgery-are-a-viable-source-of-lung-allografts
#12
Joseph Costa, Sowmyashree Sreekanth, Alex Kossar, Kashif Raza, Hilary Robbins, Lori Shah, Joshua R Sonett, Selim Arcasoy, Frank D'Ovidio
OBJECTIVES: End-stage lung disease continues to rise despite the lack of suitable lung donors, limiting the numbers of lung transplants performed each year. Expanded donor criteria, use of donation after cardiac death donors and the advent of ex vivo lung perfusion have resulted only in a slight increase in donor lung utilization. Organ donors with prior cardiac surgery (DPCS) present risks and technical challenges; however, they may be a potential source of suitable lung allografts with an experienced procurement surgeon...
November 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27052747/25-year-follow-up-after-lung-transplantation-at-lund-university-hospital-in-sweden-superior-results-obtained-for-patients-with-cystic-fibrosis
#13
Mohammed Fakhro, Richard Ingemansson, Ingrid Skog, Lars Algotsson, Lennart Hansson, Bansi Koul, Ronny Gustafsson, Per Wierup, Sandra Lindstedt
OBJECTIVES: In Sweden, two centres perform lung transplantation for a population of about 9 million and the entire population is covered for lung transplantation by government health insurance. Lund University Hospital is one of these centres. This retrospective report reviews the 25-year experience of the Skåne University Hospital Lung Transplant Program with particular emphasis on short-term outcome and long-term survival but also between different subgroups of patients and types of transplant [single-lung transplantation (SLTx) versus double-lung transplantation (DLTx)] procedure performed...
July 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26856664/post-transplant-survival-in-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-patients-concurrently-listed-for-single-and-double-lung-transplantation
#14
Dhaval Chauhan, Ashwin B Karanam, Aurelie Merlo, P A Tom Bozzay, Mark J Zucker, Harish Seethamraju, Nazly Shariati, Mark J Russo
BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation is a widely accepted treatment for patients with end-stage lung disease related to idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, there are conflicting data on whether double lung transplant (DLT) or single lung transplant (SLT) is the superior therapy in these patients. The purpose of this study was to determine whether actuarial post-transplant graft survival among IPF patients concurrently listed for DLT and SLT is greater for recipients undergoing the former or the latter...
May 2016: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26809666/nocardiosis-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#15
K Shannon, Y Pasikhova, Q Ibekweh, S Ludlow, A Baluch
BACKGROUND: Nocardia species are ubiquitous environmental organisms that can cause a diverse spectrum of disease. Clinical manifestations range from localized skin and soft tissue infections to life-threatening pulmonary, central nervous system, and/or disseminated infections. Patients with hematologic malignancies undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are at risk for nocardiosis, and further data in regard to characteristics of disease in this population are warranted...
April 2016: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26607844/prolonged-mechanical-ventilation-after-lung-transplantation-a-single-center-study
#16
J Hadem, J Gottlieb, D Seifert, C Fegbeutel, W Sommer, M Greer, O Wiesner, J T Kielstein, A S Schneider, F Ius, J Fuge, C Kühn, I Tudorache, A Haverich, T Welte, G Warnecke, M M Hoeper
This single-center study examines the incidence, etiology, and outcomes associated with prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV), defined as time to definite spontaneous ventilation >21 days after double lung transplantation (LTx). A total of 690 LTx recipients between January 2005 and December 2012 were analyzed. PMV was necessary in 95 (13.8%) patients with decreasing incidence during the observation period (p < 0.001). Independent predictors of PMV were renal replacement therapy (odds ratio [OR] 11...
May 2016: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26329287/predictors-of-shock-and-mortality-in-solid-organ-transplant-recipients-with-bacteremia-caused-by-non-lactose-fermenting-gram-negative-bacilli
#17
Qiquan Wan, Aijing Luo, Qifa Ye, Shan Liu, Jiandang Zhou
BACKGROUND: More data on bacteremia due to non-lactose fermenting gram-negative bacilli (NLF GNB) in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients are needed. We aimed to investigate the epidemiology, microbiology, and risk factors for mortality and septic shock due to NLF GNB bacteremia in SOT recipients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, double-center study over a 12-year study period. The risk factors for mortality and septic shock in SOT recipients with NLF GNB bacteremia were assessed with multivariate logistic regression analysis...
2016: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26321137/mayo-clinic-experience-of-lung-transplantation-in-pulmonary-lymphangioleiomyomatosis
#18
Kamonpun Ussavarungsi, Xiaowen Hu, J P Scott, David B Erasmus, Jorge M Mallea, Francisco Alvarez, Augustine S Lee, Cesar A Keller, Jay H Ryu, Charles D Burger
OBJECTIVES: Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare, cystic lung disease that generally results in progressive decline in lung function. Despite advancement of pharmacological therapy for LAM, lung transplantation remains an important option for women with end-stage LAM. METHODS: Patients with LAM undergoing lung transplantation at the Mayo Clinic campuses in Rochester, Minnesota and Jacksonville, Florida since 1995 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Overall, 12 women underwent lung transplantation...
October 2015: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25894323/pre-transplant-plasma-torque-teno-virus-load-and-increase-dynamics-after-lung-transplantation
#19
Irene Görzer, Peter Jaksch, Michael Kundi, Tamara Seitz, Walter Klepetko, Elisabeth Puchhammer-Stöckl
BACKGROUND: The human Torque Teno virus (TTV) causes persistent viremia in most immunocompetent individuals. Elevated TTV levels are observed after solid organ transplantation and are related to the extent of immunosuppression especially during the phase of maintenance immunosuppression. However, the extent to which the TTV increase in the early phase post-transplantation is associated with the patient's immunosuppressive state is unclear. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we assessed the TTV increase dynamics in detail during the first three months after lung transplantation under a defined immunosuppressive regimen and in relation to the pre-transplant TTV level...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25891742/a-case-of-acute-fibrinous-and-organizing-pneumonia-during-early-postoperative-period-after-lung-transplantation
#20
I O Alici, E Yekeler, A Yazicioglu, S Turan, Y Tezer-Tekce, F Demirag, N Karaoglanoglu
Acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia (AFOP) is a distinct histologic pattern usually classified under the term chronic lung allograft dysfunction. We present a 48-year-old female patient who experienced AFOP during the 2nd week of double lung transplantation for pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis and secondary pulmonary hypertension. During the 8th day after transplantation, fever and neutrophilia developed together with bilateral consolidation. Infection markers were elevated. Despite coverage of a full antimicrobial spectrum, the situation progressed...
April 2015: Transplantation Proceedings
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