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lung ultrasonogram

Ulrich H Thome, Orsolya Genzel-Boroviczeny, Bettina Bohnhorst, Manuel Schmid, Hans Fuchs, Oliver Rohde, Stefan Avenarius, Hans-Georg Topf, Andrea Zimmermann, Dirk Faas, Katharina Timme, Barbara Kleinlein, Horst Buxmann, Wilfried Schenk, Hugo Segerer, Norbert Teig, Corinna Gebauer, Roland Hentschel, Matthias Heckmann, Rolf Schlösser, Jochen Peters, Rainer Rossi, Wolfgang Rascher, Ralf Böttger, Jürgen Seidenberg, Gesine Hansen, Maria Zernickel, Gerhard Alzen, Jens Dreyhaupt, Rainer Muche, Helmut D Hummler
BACKGROUND: Tolerating higher partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) in mechanically ventilated, extremely low birthweight infants might reduce ventilator-induced lung injury and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. We aimed to test the hypothesis that higher target ranges for pCO2 decrease the rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia or death. METHODS: In this randomised multicentre trial, we recruited infants from 16 tertiary care perinatal centres in Germany with birthweight between 400 g and 1000 g and gestational age 23-28 weeks plus 6 days, who needed endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation within 24 h of birth...
July 2015: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Sam Rivera, Maria M Crane, Rita McManamon, Christopher R Gregory
An adult male Rio Fuerte beaded lizard (Heloderma horridum exasperatum) was examined because of a history of anorexia and lethargy of one week duration. Diagnostic tests included a physical exam, complete blood cell count, plasma biochemistries, whole-body radiographs, and ultrasonography. The physical exam revealed the presence of a large mass in the midcoelomic cavity. Radiographs confirmed the presence of the midcoelomic mass and showed a smaller mass in the right cranial lung field. The ultrasonogram showed a homogeneous mass with soft tissue echogenicity...
June 2015: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
A K Shamsuddin, S K Biswas, M Z Rahman, S Biswas, N A Hasan, M Sharifuzzaman
A 13-months old boy was admitted in National Heart Foundation Hospital and Research Institute on 3 August 2011 with the diagnosis of Dextrocardia, A-V discordance, DORV, large perimembranous VSD, severe infundibular and valvular PS, bilateral SVC. He was operated on 10 August 2011. Bilateral bidirectional Glenn shunt was done off pump along with interruption of PDA. Antegrade pulmonary blood flow was minimized by tight PA banding. Baby was extubated 3 hours after surgery but had to reintubate immediately due to intense respiratory distress...
July 2014: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Ueli Braun, Sonka Krüger
BACKGROUND: Many of the ultrasonographic abdominal findings of adult cattle probably also apply to calves. However, significant changes associated with ruminal growth and transition from a milk to a roughage diet occur in young calves during the first few months, and it can be expected that ultrasonographic features of organs adjacent to the rumen such as spleen and liver also undergo significant changes. These have not been investigated to date and therefore the goal of this study was to describe ultrasonographic findings of the spleen, liver, gallbladder, caudal vena cava and portal vein in six healthy calves from birth to 104 days of age...
2013: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
Karmaine A Millington, Haresh Mani
Type 2 congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) has been reported in association with many other congenital anomalies. To the best of our knowledge, however, an association of type 2 CPAM with congenital nephrotic syndrome has not been heretofore reported. We present the 1st report of such an association in a boy who had a prenatal diagnosis of cystic lung malformation and was found to have congenital nephrotic syndrome (diffuse mesangial sclerosis) at 1 month of age. A prenatal ultrasonogram had also shown oligohydramnios, and additionally the child had cleft lip and palate...
May 2013: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
Hameem I Kawsar, Timothy P Spiro, Hamed A Daw
A 47-year-old female presented with a 2-week history of painless haematuria. Urine dipstick showed moderate leucocytes. Blood and urine cultures were negative and cytology was negative for malignant cells. Flexible cystoscopy was negative for any bladder pathology. An ultrasonogram of the abdomen showed a mass in the left kidney. CT showed a mass-like lesion within the left kidney suspicious for renal carcinoma, and cavitary lesions in both lungs. Biopsy of the lung showed clusters of atypical cells suspicious for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and left kidney lesion showed malignant cells derived from SCC...
2011: BMJ Case Reports
Dong Yup Ryu, Jae Hoon Cheong, Dong Gun Lee, Bong Eun Lee, Dong Uk Kim, Gwang Ha Kim, Geun Am Song
Hemobilia occurs when injury or disease causes communication between intrahepatic blood vessels and the intrahepatic or extrahepatic biliary system. The causes of hemobilia include trauma, gallstone disease, vascular malformation, inflammation, and biliary or hepatic tumors. Hemobilia could be diagnosed by endoscopy, hepatic angiography, computed tomography, and ultrasonogram. Patients with hemobilia may present with biliary colic, obstructive jaundice and gastrointestinal bleeding. Extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma usually presents with obstructive jaundice and is one of the unusual cause of hemobilia...
September 2010: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
Yuka Fukuo, Tomoyoshi Shibuya, Yuki Fukumura, Tomokazu Mizui, Jin Kan Sai, Akihito Nagahara, Akira Tsukada, Toshiharu Matsumoto, Masafumi Suyama, Sumio Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Although reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (RLH) can be found in various organs, including the gastrointestinal tract, orbit, lung, and skin, its occurrence in the liver is rare. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 47-year-old RLH woman who was identified with RLH of the liver during clinical follow- up of primary biliary cirrhosis. The mass, found incidentally during a medical examination, appeared on ultrasonogram as a hypoechoic mass in the 7th segment of the liver...
July 2010: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
A T Nathan, B S Marino, T Dominguez, S Tabbutt, S Nicolson, D D Donaghue, T L Spray, J Rychik
Congenital tricuspid valve disease (Ebstein's anomaly, tricuspid valve dysplasia) with severe tricuspid regurgitation and cardiomegaly is associated with poor prognosis. Fetal echocardiography can accurately measure right atrial enlargement, which is associated with a poor prognosis in the fetus with tricuspid valve disease. Fetal lung volumetric assessments have been used in an attempt to predict viability of fetuses using ultrasonogram and prenatal MRI. We describe a fetus with tricuspid dysplasia, severe tricuspid regurgitation, right atrial enlargement and markedly reduced lung volumes...
2010: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Ryoichi Kondo, Kazuo Yoshida, Kazutoshi Hamanaka, Masahiro Hashizume, Toshiki Ushiyama, Akira Hyogotani, Makoto Kurai, Satoshi Kawakami, Mana Fukushima, Jun Amano
OBJECTIVES: Ground-glass opacities are typically difficult to inspect and to palpate during video-assisted thoracic surgery. We therefore examined whether ultrasonographic assessments could localize ground-glass opacities and help to achieve adequate resection margins. METHODS: An intraoperative ultrasonographic procedure was prospectively performed on 44 patients harboring ground-glass opacities of less than 20 mm in diameter to localize these lesions and to achieve adequate margins...
October 2009: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Shahla Noreen, Debra S Heller, Ona Faye-Petersen
BACKGROUND: Congenital mediastinal teratomas are rare and may present with nonimmune hydrops. The lesion may be misinterpreted on ultrasound. CASES: A 21-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 0111, was evaluated at 19 4/7 weeks of gestation for suspected fetal death. An ultrasonogram confirmed the death and revealed a posterior encephalocele and possible herniated liver in the chest. At autopsy a 5.2 x 7.5 x 1.0-cm mediastinal teratoma completely compressed the chest organs...
September 2008: Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Carol Oliveira, Mohammed Zamakhshary, Mohammed R Abdallah, Steven F Miller, Jacob C Langer, Paul W Wales, Roshni Dasgupta
Lung torsion is a very rare event that has been described after trauma, spontaneously, and post-thoracic surgery, with only 8 cases reported in the pediatric literature. We present the first case report of lung torsion complicating tracheoesophageal fistula repair. The diagnosis was suggested on chest ultrasonogram and Doppler and confirmed by computed tomographic scans. On exploration, a 90 degree rotation of the right middle and lower lobes in a clockwise direction was found. A complete interlobar fissure and an absent inferior pulmonary ligament were identified as predisposing factors...
November 2007: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Chiaki Endo
It may be essential for taking appropriate therapeutic decisions in cases with early central-type lung cancer, to know the depth of tumor invasion of the bronchial wall at the laminar level. When a tumor penetrates the cartilaginous layer, photodynamic therapy (PDT) may no longer effective. For optimal therapeutic outcome, the physicians should know accurately whether or not the lesion has invaded the cartilaginous layer. Endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS) is the sole tool available currently for depicting the laminar structure of the bronchial wall in clinical use...
July 2007: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Yuji Ishibiki, Tsutomu Matsumura, Mitsue Kawarai, Yoshihiko Hukushi
A 79-year-old man who had low grade fever and general malaise was referred to our hospital on January 27, 2004. Physical examination revealed a hard fixed painless mass, measuring 10 cm in the left abdomen. Sarcoma of retroperitoneal origin was suspected preoperatively by abdominal ultrasonogram, CT, MRI and Angiography. Extended surgical treatment including left nephrectomy was performed. The tumor was histologically diagnosed as storiform-pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) arising from perirenal tissue...
May 2007: Nihon Hinyōkika Gakkai Zasshi. the Japanese Journal of Urology
Huay-Ben Pan, Jer-Shyung Huang, Tsung-Lung Yang, Huei-Lung Liang
The purpose of this study was to investigate and differentiate the characteristics of benign hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) and noxious HPVG on sonographic images. This study included seven patients (age 65 to 89 y; mean 75 y) with sonograms and computed tomography (CT) images performed within 4-h interval. The sonographic findings of HPVG could be categorized into three patterns: (1) dot-like pattern in two patients; (2) streak-like pattern in three patients; and (3) fruit-pulp-like pattern in two. In the cases of dot-like pattern, it is of a benign transient situation; this phenomenon may be only demonstrated on sonograms but not necessarily on CT...
August 2007: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
F Fiorucci, V Conti, G Lucantoni, A Patrizi, C Fiorucci, G Giannunzio, L Di Michele
Sarcoidosis is an idiopathic systemic inflammatory granulomatous disorder comprised of epithelioid and multinucleated giant cells with little necrosis. It usually invades the lungs with fibrosis and may also involve lymph nodes, skin, liver, spleen, eyes, phalangeal bones, and parotid glands. Breast involvement is extremely rare, but, when present, it could be confused with a benign or, more important, a malignant neoplasm. We have reported a case of sarcoidosis of the breast in a 51 years old woman with systemic manifestations of sarcoidosis (arthralgias and uveitis) associated with a breast mass and with a clinical history of fibrocystic mastopathy...
March 2006: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Yoshihiro Nakamura, Chiaki Endo, Masami Sato, Akira Sakurada, Shun-ichi Watanabe, Ryuzo Sakata, Takashi Kondo
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Endobronchial ultrasonography (EBUS) is currently the sole clinical method available for delineating the bronchial wall structure; however, the image resolution is inadequate. Thus, an improved image analysis system is needed for both a more accurate and more readily interpretable endobronchial ultrasonogram. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 10 patients underwent pulmonary resection for lung cancer. EBUS was performed on the bronchi of the resected lungs, which had been immersed in physiologic saline solution...
July 2004: Chest
Jeong-Seon Ryu, Seong-Tae Ryu, Young-Shin Kim, Jae-Hwa Cho, Hong-Lyeol Lee
BACKGROUND: A few reports of transudative malignant effusion on a small number of patients have suggested the need to perform routine cytologic examination in all cases of transudative pleural effusion, whether encountered for malignancy or not. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether cytologic examination should be performed in all cases of transudative pleural effusion for the diagnosis of malignancy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 229 consecutive patients with malignant pleural effusion, proven either cytologically or with biopsy...
December 2003: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Radu Mihăilescu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2002: Pneumologia: Revista Societății Române de Pneumologie
P Guillem, F Bounoua, M Keith, G Duval
Venous aneurysms are usually difficult to diagnose, especially when they are located in the inguinal area where they can be misinterpreted as inguinal or femoral hernias. We report the case of a 70-year-old man with a painful thrombosed aneurysm of the femoral vein that was clinically undistinguishable from a strangulated hernia. The ultrasonogram, performed 2 months before the acute pain when the femoral swelling was painless, seemed to confirm the incorrect diagnosis of femoral hernia, and the aneurysm was finally labeled as such during surgical exploration...
January 2001: Gastroentérologie Clinique et Biologique
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