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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340276/clinical-value-of-ultrasonography-in-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-embolism-in-critically-ill-patients
#1
Ran Zhu, Xiao-Chun Ma
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a clinical emergency that will increase the mortality if complicated with unstable hemodynamics. Because of its nonspecific clinical symptoms, it's a great challenge to make a PE diagnosis. The golden standard to diagnose PE is computed tomography of pulmonary artery (CTPA), but a diagnosis of PE also composed of evaluation of PE risk factors, possibilities, and risk stratification. Ultrasonography may detect right ventricle strain related to hemodynamic change, intravascular thrombosis, thrombosis in right heart or pulmonary arteries, pulmonary infarction, and local pleural effusion...
December 2017: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325339/-risk-factors-and-impacts-on-prognosis-of-ultrasound-lung-comets-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#2
Z L Wang, J Y Liu, C J Zhou, M B Wang, H Y Wang, Y Xu
Objective: To investigate the risk factors of ultrasound lung comets and its impact on the survivals of patients undergoing hemodialysis. Methods: One hundred and forty-two patients on hemodialysis (Male 76, female 66) were divided into three groups according to the score of lung comets (mild: ≤14 comets; moderate: 15 to 30 comets; severe: >30 comets). Seventy-two healthy subjects examined by lung ultrasound serve as a control. Pulmonary artery systolic pressure and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were assessed by Doppler ultrasonography...
December 26, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320327/atypical-sites-of-deeply-infiltrative-endometriosis-clinical-characteristics-and-imaging-findings
#3
Luciana P Chamié, Duarte Miguel Ferreira Rodrigues Ribeiro, Dario A Tiferes, Augusto Cesar de Macedo Neto, Paulo C Serafini
Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial tissue that is located outside the uterine cavity and associated with fibrosis and inflammatory reaction. It is a polymorphic and multifocal disease with no known cure or preventive mechanisms. Patients may be asymptomatic or may experience chronic pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, or infertility. The pelvic cavity is the most common location for endometriotic implants, which usually affect the retrocervical space, ovaries, vagina, rectosigmoid colon, bladder dome, and round ligaments...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319767/variables-associated-with-lung-congestion-as-assessed-by-chest-ultrasound-in-diabetics-undergoing-hemodialysis
#4
Paulo Roberto Santos, José Antonio de Lima Neto, Raimundo Aragão Aires Carneiro, Antônio Igor Taumaturgo Dias Soares, Wanessa Ribeiro de Oliveira, Juliana Oliveira Figueiredo, Narcélio Menezes Silva Filho, Thais Oliveira Silva
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound is an emerging method for assessing lung congestion but is still seldom used. Lung congestion is an important risk of cardiac events and death in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on hemodialysis (HD). OBJECTIVE: We investigated possible variables associated with lung congestion among diabetics with ESRD on HD, using chest ultrasound to detect extracellular lung water. METHODS: We studied 73 patients with diabetes as the primary cause of ESRD, undergoing regular HD...
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319759/transthoracic-pulmonary-ultrasonography-looking-inside-the-lungs-to-better-treat-the-dialysis-patient
#5
EDITORIAL
Marcus Gomes Bastos, José Muniz Pazeli Junior, Natalia Maria da Silva Fernandes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318995/sinistral-portal-hypertension-due-to-pancreatic-hydatid-cyst
#6
Tolga Canbak, Aylin Acar, Ali Ediz Kıvanç, Fatih Başak, Fatma Kulalı, Gürhan Baş
Hydatid disease is caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Hydatid cysts are commonly located in the liver and lungs. The occurrence of pancreatic hydatid cysts is very rare, even in endemic areas. Sinistral portal hypertension, which is rarely seen, occurs when a pathological process causes splenic vein occlusion. A 26-year-old male patient presented with abdominal pain. He had a history of operation for hydatid cyst of the lung 15 years ago. A left thoracotomy incision scar was observed during his physical examination...
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297828/establishing-marginal-lymph-node-ultrasonographic-characteristics-in-healthy-bottlenose-dolphins-tursiops-truncatus
#7
Molly E Martony, Marina Ivančić, Forrest M Gomez, Jennifer M Meegan, Hendrik H Nollens, Todd L Schmitt, Claire D Erlacher-Reid, Kevin P Carlin, Cynthia R Smith
Pulmonary disease has been well documented in wild and managed dolphin populations. The marginal lymph nodes of the dolphin thorax provide lymphatic drainage to the lungs and can indicate pulmonary disease. This study standardized a technique for rapid, efficient, and thorough ultrasonographic evaluation of the marginal lymph nodes in bottlenose dolphins ( Tursiops truncatus). Thoracic ultrasonography was performed on 29 clinically healthy adult bottlenose dolphins. Reference intervals for lymph node dimensions and ultrasonographic characteristics of marginal lymph nodes were determined from four transducer orientations: longitudinal, transverse, oblique, and an orientation optimized to the ultrasonographer's eye...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274919/use-of-lung-ultrasound-for-the-assessment-of-volume-status-in-ckd
#8
REVIEW
Adrian Covic, Dimitrie Siriopol, Luminita Voroneanu
Adequate assessment of fluid status is an imperative objective in the management of all types of patients in cardiology, intensive care, and especially nephrology. Fluid overload is one of the most common modifiable risk factors directly associated with hypertension, heart failure, left ventricular hypertrophy, and eventually, higher morbidity and mortality risk in these categories of patients. Different methods are commonly used to determine fluid status (eg, clinical assessment, natriuretic peptide concentrations, echocardiography, inferior vena cava measurements, or bioimpedance analysis)...
December 20, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258484/lung-ultrasonography-to-diagnose-community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children
#9
Nicola Principi, Andrea Esposito, Caterina Giannitto, Susanna Esposito
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is essential to reduce the total burden of this disease. Traditionally, chest radiography (CR) is used to identify true CAP. However, CR is not a perfect diagnostic test for CAP. The use of lung ultrasonography (LUS) has been suggested as an alternative to overcome the problems associated with CR and increase the feasibility and accuracy of CAP diagnosis. LUS has largely been used for the diagnosis of several lung problems, including CAP, in adult patients with satisfactory results...
December 19, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251269/ii-brazilian-consensus-statement-on-endoscopic-ultrasonography
#10
Fauze Maluf-Filho, Joel Fernandez de Oliveira, Ernesto Quaresma Mendonça, Augusto Carbonari, Bruno Antônio Maciente, Bruno Chaves Salomão, Bruno Frederico Medrado, Carlos Marcelo Dotti, César Vivian Lopes, Cláudia Utsch Braga, Daniel Alencar M Dutra, Felipe Retes, Frank Nakao, Giovana Biasia de Sousa, Gustavo Andrade de Paulo, Jose Celso Ardengh, Juliana Bonfim Dos Santos, Luciana Moura Sampaio, Luciano Okawa, Lucio Rossini, Manoel Carlos de Brito Cardoso, Marco Antonio Ribeiro Camunha, Marcos Clarêncio, Marcos Eduardo Lera Dos Santos, Matheus Franco, Nutianne Camargo Schneider, Ramiro Mascarenhas, Rodrigo Roda, Sérgio Matuguma, Simone Guaraldi, Viviane Figueiredo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: At the time of its introduction in the early 80s, endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) was indicated for diagnostic purposes. Recently, EUS has been employed to assist or to be the main platform of complex therapeutic interventions. METHODS: From a series of relevant new topics in the literature and based on the need to complement the I Brazilian consensus on EUS, twenty experienced endosonographers identified and reviewed the pertinent literature in databases...
November 2017: Endoscopic Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250683/hemorrhagic-polypoid-gastric-and-colonic-metastases-nine-years-after-uterine-leiomyosarcoma-case-report
#11
Nicoleta Puie, Lavinia Patricia Trică, Georgiana Anca Nagy, Ioana Rusu, Alina Simona Şovrea, Carmen Georgiu
INTRODUCTION: Uterine leiomyosarcoma (ULMS) is a rare tumor, representing 1-2% of all uterine malignancies. It is highly aggressive, with high metastatic rate, especially in lungs, peritoneal cavity, retroperitoneum, bones and liver, usually during the first years after diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 58-year-old woman, with subtotal hysterectomy and bilateral adnexectomy, followed by radiochemotherapy for spindle-type ULMS nine years ago, presented with gastrointestinal bleeding and severe anemia...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204230/validation-of-equations-for-pleural-effusion-volume-estimation-by-ultrasonography
#12
Maged Hassan, Rana Rizk, Hatem Essam, Ahmed Abouelnour
Purpose: To validate the accuracy of previously published equations that estimate pleural effusion volume using ultrasonography. Methods: Only equations using simple measurements were tested. Three measurements were taken at the posterior axillary line for each case with effusion: lateral height of effusion (H), distance between collapsed lung and chest wall (C) and distance between lung and diaphragm (D). Cases whose effusion was aspirated to dryness were included and drained volume was recorded...
December 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192422/executive-summary-on-the-use-of-ultrasound-in-the-critically-ill-consensus-report-from-the-3rd-course-on-acute-care-ultrasound-cacu
#13
Manu L N G Malbrain, Brecht De Tavernier, Sandrine Haverals, Michel Slama, Antoine Vieillard-Baron, Adrian Wong, Jan Poelaert, Xavier Monnet, Willem Stockman, Paul Elbers, Daniel Lichtenstein
Over the past decades, ultrasound (US) has gained its place in the armamentarium of monitoring tools in the intensive care unit (ICU). Critical care ultrasonography (CCUS) is the combination of general CCUS (lung and pleural, abdominal, vascular) and CC echocardiography, allowing prompt assessment and diagnosis in combination with vascular access and therapeutic intervention. This review summarises the findings, challenges lessons from the 3rd Course on Acute Care Ultrasound (CACU) held in November 2015, Antwerp, Belgium...
December 1, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190202/lung-lobe-torsion-in-seven-juvenile-dogs
#14
Christian R Latimer, Cassie N Lux, Jessie S Sutton, William T N Culp
CASE DESCRIPTION 7 juvenile (< 12 months old) dogs with lung lobe torsion were evaluated. CLINICAL FINDINGS All patients were male; breeds included Pug (n = 5), Chinese Shar-Pei (1), and Bullmastiff (1). Dyspnea and lethargy were the most common initial complaints, with a duration of clinical signs ranging from 1 to 10 days. A CBC showed leukocytosis and neutrophilia in all dogs. Anemia was present in 6 dogs, 2 of which received packed RBC transfusions. The diagnosis was made on the basis of results of thoracic radiography, CT, ultrasonography, or a combination of modalities...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184259/isolated-peritoneal-mesenteric-and-omental-hydatid-cyst-a-clinicopathologic-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
Bita Geramizadeh
Hydatid disease (HD) is caused by Echinococcus granulosus and is endemic in many parts of the world. This parasitic tapeworm can produce cysts in almost every organ of the body, with the liver and lung being the most frequently targeted organs. Peritoneum, omentum, and mesentery are among these unusual locations, which can cause diagnostic challenge and treatment delay. This review provides information on the reported cases of the peritoneal, omental, and mesenteric hydatid cyst in the world during the last 20 years...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181040/is-there-a-determining-factor-that-predicts-mortality-in-patients-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#16
Tansel Gunendi, Basak Erginel, Ercan Bastu, Ibrahim Kalelioglu, Recep Has, Feryal Gun Soysal, Erbug Keskin, Aladdin Celik, Tansu Salman
Aim: This study was designed to investigate the factors affecting the prognosis in neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) who were treated in our clinic. These factors included prenatal lung-head ratio (LHR), prenatal stomach and liver presence in the thorax, blood gases in the first 24 h and the modified ventilation index (MVI). Material and methods: The study was carried out retrospectively in 30 neonates with prenatally diagnosed left CDH who were treated in our clinic between January 2007 and 2013...
September 2017: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174750/assessment-of-pulmonary-edema-principles-and-practice
#17
REVIEW
Sherif Assaad, Wolf B Kratzert, Benjamin Shelley, Malcolm B Friedman, Albert Perrino
Pulmonary edema increasingly is recognized as a perioperative complication affecting outcome. Several risk factors have been identified, including those of cardiogenic origin, such as heart failure or excessive fluid administration, and those related to increased pulmonary capillary permeability secondary to inflammatory mediators. Effective treatment requires prompt diagnosis and early intervention. Consequently, over the past 2 centuries a concentrated effort to develop clinical tools to rapidly diagnose pulmonary edema and track response to treatment has occurred...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153417/the-efficacy-of-transbronchial-needle-aspiration-with-endobronchial-ultrasonography-using-a-guide-sheath-for-peripheral-pulmonary-lesions-suspected-to-be-lung-cancer
#18
Ken Arimura, Yasuo Sekine, Kenzo Hiroshima, Akitoshi Sato, Mizue Hasegawa, Hideki Katsura, Etsuko Tagaya, Mitsuko Kondo, Jun Tamaoki
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) with endobronchial ultrasonography using a guide sheath (EBUS-GS) for cases of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) has not been well established. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of TBNA with EBUS-GS for PPLs. METHODS: We evaluated 130 patients suspected to have lung cancer who underwent transbronchial brushing (brushing), transbronchial biopsy (TBB), and TBNA with EBUS-GS...
November 2017: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143503/-lung-and-pleural-space-ultrasonography-for-pulmonologist
#19
Leslie Noirez, Laurent P Nicod
In the past twenty years ultrasound has been the subject of renewed interest in lung exploration in the broad sense. The necessity of accessing a means of rapid exploration at the bed of the patient in a critical situation has led to the development of a pleuro-pulmonary ultrasound semiology to make it a diagnostic tool of choice which exceeds the strict framework intensive care units and emergency services. With the diagnosis of thoracic tumors or the exploration of interstitial syndromes, it tends to integrate more into the daily practice of the pulmonologist...
November 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117314/assessment-of-fluorodeoxyglucose-f18-labeled-positron-emission-tomography-for-diagnosis-of-high-risk-lung-nodules
#20
Amelia W Maiga, Stephen A Deppen, Sarah Fletcher Mercaldo, Jeffrey D Blume, Chandler Montgomery, Laszlo T Vaszar, Christina Williamson, James M Isbell, Otis B Rickman, Rhonda Pinkerman, Eric S Lambright, Jonathan C Nesbitt, Eric L Grogan
Importance: Clinicians rely heavily on fluorodeoxyglucose F18-labeled positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging to evaluate lung nodules suspicious for cancer. We evaluated the performance of FDG-PET for the diagnosis of malignancy in differing populations with varying cancer prevalence. Objective: To determine the performance of FDG-PET/computed tomography (CT) in diagnosing lung malignancy across different populations with varying cancer prevalence. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter retrospective cohort study at 6 academic medical centers and 1 Veterans Affairs facility that comprised a total of 1188 patients with known or suspected lung cancer from 7 different cohorts from 2005 to 2015...
November 8, 2017: JAMA Surgery
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