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Type 1 diabetes in adolescent

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728765/sense-of-coherence-and-parenting-representation-among-parents-of-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#1
Alon Goldberg, Miri Scharf, Hadas Wiseman
INTRODUCTION: This study examines the association between parental sense of coherence (SOC) and maternal and paternal representations of parents of adolescents diagnosed with type 1 diabetes (IDDM). METHOD: Seventy five mothers and fathers of adolescents (age 13-18) diagnosed with IDDM, were recruited. Data were gathered from a demographic and SOC questionnaires, and the Parenting Representations Interview (PRI-A). RESULTS: A significant association was found between mothers' and fathers' SOC and a more balanced description of parenting, and positive correlations between mothers' and fathers' SOC and their representations of the self as parent, representations of the adolescent, and relationships representations...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726468/longitudinal-trajectories-of-benefit-finding-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#2
Jessica Rassart, Koen Luyckx, Cynthia A Berg, Leen Oris, Deborah J Wiebe
OBJECTIVES: Benefit finding, which refers to perceiving positive life changes resulting from adversity, has been associated with better psychosocial well-being in different chronic illnesses. However, little research to date has examined how benefit finding develops in the context of Type 1 diabetes (T1D). The present study aimed to identify trajectories of benefit finding across adolescence and to investigate prospective associations with depressive symptoms, self-care, and metabolic control...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726334/insulin-sensitivity-across-the-lifespan-from-obese-adolescents-to-obese-adults-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance-who-is-worse-off
#3
Silva Arslanian, Joon Young Kim, Alexis Nasr, Fida Bacha, Hala Tfayli, SoJung Lee, Frederico G S Toledo
OBJECTIVE: Youth type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) occurs decades earlier than adult T2DM and is characterized by high therapeutic failure rates and decreased response to insulin sensitizers suggesting a more severe disease process than in adults. To explain these observations, we hypothesized that insulin resistance is worse in obese youth than adults with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), a state of high-risk for T2DM. As proof-of-concept, we compared insulin sensitivity between BMI-, sex-, and race-matched obese youth vs adults with IGT...
July 20, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720592/exercise-training-improves-but-does-not-normalize-left-ventricular-systolic-and-diastolic-function-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
Silmara Gusso, Teresa Pinto, James C Baldi, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Tim Hornung, Paul L Hofman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of 20 weeks of exercise training in aerobic capacity on left ventricular function and glycemic control in adolescents with and without type 1 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Fifty-three adolescents with type 1 diabetes (aged 15.6 years) were divided into two groups: exercise training (n = 38) and nontraining (n = 15). Twenty-two healthy adolescents without diabetes (aged 16.7 years) were included and, with the 38 participants with type 1 diabetes, participated in a 20-week exercise-training intervention...
July 18, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716847/nonnutritive-sweeteners-and-cardiometabolic-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-and-prospective-cohort-studies
#5
Meghan B Azad, Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Bhupendrasinh F Chauhan, Rasheda Rabbani, Justin Lys, Leslie Copstein, Amrinder Mann, Maya M Jeyaraman, Ashleigh E Reid, Michelle Fiander, Dylan S MacKay, Jon McGavock, Brandy Wicklow, Ryan Zarychanski
BACKGROUND: Nonnutritive sweeteners, such as aspartame, sucralose and stevioside, are widely consumed, yet their long-term health impact is uncertain. We synthesized evidence from prospective studies to determine whether routine consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners was associated with long-term adverse cardiometabolic effects. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane Library (inception to January 2016) for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that evaluated interventions for nonnutritive sweeteners and prospective cohort studies that reported on consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners among adults and adolescents...
July 17, 2017: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711971/innovative-technology-shows-impact-of-glycaemic-control-on-peripheral-retinal-vessels-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#6
Valli Velayutham, Paul Z Benitez-Aguirre, Maria E Craig, Gerald Liew, Tien Y Wong, Alicia J Jenkins, Kim C Donaghue
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Retinal imaging enables non-invasive microvasculature assessment; however, only central retinal vessels have been studied in type 1 diabetes. Peripheral smaller vessels have a major haemodynamic role and may differ from central vessels in their response to the diabetic milieu. We hypothesise that diabetes has a greater impact on peripheral retinal vessels vs central vessels. METHODS: Retinal photographs from adolescents (n = 736; age 12-20 years) with type 1 diabetes were graded (Singapore I Vessel Assessment) with vessel calibres measured in the 'central zone' as central retinal arteriolar and venular equivalents (CRAE and CRVE, respectively) and the 'extended zone' as mean width of arterioles and venules (MWa and MWv, respectively)...
July 15, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708247/adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-require-specific-support-from-healthcare-professionals
#7
Ida Lindblad, Ann-Charlotte Engström, Charlotte Nylander, Elisabeth Fernell
AIM: Managing type 1 diabetes mellitus requires efficient cognitive and executive skills and adolescents who have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may face specific challenges. This study explored young people's experiences of diabetes treatment and care. METHOD: In a population-based study, comprising 175 patients aged 5-16 years with type 1 diabetes mellitus in two Swedish counties, we found that eight also met criteria for ADHD. Six of these, aged 14...
July 14, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703902/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-paediatric-type-2-diabetes-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#8
M I O'Dea, S M O'Connell, M J O'Grady
OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of paediatric Type 2 diabetes in the Republic of Ireland and describe patient demographics, initial presentation, management, outcomes, comorbidities and complications. METHODS: Using a standardized proforma we conducted a cross-sectional survey of children and adolescents aged < 16 years with a diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes between October and December 2015 in each of the 19 centres in the Republic of Ireland responsible for the care of children with diabetes...
July 13, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702090/translation-and-validation-of-diabetes-self-management-profile-dsmp-into-brazilian-portuguese-language-first-instrument-to-assess-type-1-diabetes-self-management-in-a-pediatric-population
#9
Caroline Gouveia Buff Passone, Lygia Spassapan Oliveira Esteves, Roberta Dias Savoldelli, Michael A Harris, Durval Damiani, Thais Della Manna
OBJECTIVE: To translate and validate the instrument Diabetes Self-Management Profile (DSMP)-Conventional and Flexible Regimens into Brazilian Portuguese language in order to evaluate the quality of diabetes self-management in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes and their caregivers. METHODS: DSMP was submitted to forward and back translation method and validated in a group of type 1 diabetes youths between 6 and 18 years (n = 102), and their families...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698746/study-of-visfatin-level-in-type-1-diabetic-children-and-adolescents
#10
Mona H El Samahi, Nagwa Abdallah Ismail, Randa M Matter, Abeer Selim, Alshaymaa Ahmed Ibrahim, Walaa Nabih
BACKGROUND: Visfatin is an intracellular enzyme, known as nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (Nampt) and pre-B-cell colony-enhancing factor (PBEF-1). It has insulin-mimetic effects and lowers plasma glucose levels. AIM: The aim of the work was to assess serum concentration of Visfatin in type 1 diabetic children and adolescents and study its relationships with duration of diabetes, body mass index (BMI), glycemic control, insulin dosage, lipid profile and microvascular complications...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693789/real-life-glycemic-control-in-children-with-type-2-diabetes-a-population-based-study
#11
Joseph Meyerovitch, Maya Zlotnik, Michal Yackobovitch-Gavan, Moshe Phillip, Shlomit Shalitin
OBJECTIVES: To characterize children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) insured by a large health maintenance organization, and to identify variables associated with treatment quality and disease outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Children and adolescents diagnosed with T2DM over a 9-year period were identified from the database of Clalit Health Services, a large health maintenance organization in Israel (1 213 362 members aged 0-18 years). Demographic, anthropometric, clinical, and laboratory data were analyzed...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688482/enhancing-automatic-closed-loop-glucose-control-in-type-1-diabetes-with-an-adaptive-meal-bolus-calculator-in-silico-evaluation-under-intra-day-variability
#12
Pau Herrero, Jorge Bondia, Oloruntoba Adewuyi, Peter Pesl, Mohamed El-Sharkawy, Monika Reddy, Chris Toumazou, Nick Oliver, Pantelis Georgiou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Current prototypes of closed-loop systems for glucose control in type 1 diabetes mellitus, also referred to as artificial pancreas systems, require a pre-meal insulin bolus to compensate for delays in subcutaneous insulin absorption in order to avoid initial post-prandial hyperglycemia. Computing such a meal bolus is a challenging task due to the high intra-subject variability of insulin requirements. Most closed-loop systems compute this pre-meal insulin dose by a standard bolus calculation, as is commonly found in insulin pumps...
July 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684638/high-intensity-interval-exercise-and-glycemic-control-in-adolescents-with-type-one-diabetes-mellitus-a-case-study
#13
Emma J Cockcroft, Christopher Moudiotis, Julie Kitchen, Bert Bond, Craig A Williams, Alan R Barker
Current physical activity guidelines for youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D) are poorly supported by empirical evidence and the optimal dose of physical activity to improve glycemic control is unknown. This case report documents the effect of acute high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) and moderate-intensity exercise (MIE) on 24-h glycemic control in three adolescents with T1D using continuous glucose monitoring. Results highlight varied individual response to exercise across the participants. In two participants both MIE and HIIE resulted in a drop in blood glucose during exercise (-38 to -42% for MIE and -21-46% in HIIE) and in one participant both MIE and HIIE resulted in increased blood glucose (+19% and + 36%, respectively)...
July 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675045/association-between-quality-of-life-of-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-and-parents-illness-perception-as-evaluated-by-adolescents
#14
Johanna Terrasson, Florence Terrade, Alain Somat, Sylvie Nivot-Adamiak, Marie-Aline Guitteny, Marc de Kerdanet
Children and adolescents account for half of all cases of type 1 diabetes, which is one of the most common pediatric chronic diseases. The disease's effects and the treatment/disease-management protocols patients must follow can lead to a marked deterioration in quality of life, especially for adolescents. Patients' illness perceptions have been shown to impact their quality of life, but do other people's illness perceptions also have an effect? The present study addressed this question by investigating possible links between the quality of life of adolescent patients with type 1 diabetes and illness perceptions, measured in terms of the adolescents' self-perceptions, parents' self-perceptions, and the adolescents' evaluations of their parents' perceptions...
July 4, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674557/metabolic-profiling-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-in-children-and-adolescents-a-case-control-study
#15
Liene Bervoets, Guy Massa, Wanda Guedens, Evelyne Louis, Jean-Paul Noben, Peter Adriaensens
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is one of the most common pediatric diseases and its incidence is rising in many countries. Recently, it has been shown that metabolites other than glucose play an important role in insulin deficiency and the development of diabetes. The aim of our study was to look for discriminating variation in the concentrations of small-molecule metabolites in the plasma of T1DM children as compared to non-diabetic matched controls using proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H-NMR)-based metabolomics...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673132/snus-use-during-the-life-course-and-risk-of-the-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components
#16
Marja Lisa Byhamre, Per E Gustafsson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Maria Wennberg, Anne Hammarström, Patrik Wennberg
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the association between life-course exposure to snus and prevalence of the metabolic syndrome and its components in adulthood. DESIGN AND METHOD: Tobacco habits at baseline (age 16) and three follow-ups (ages 21, 30 and 43) were assessed among 880 participants in a population-based cohort in Northern Sweden. Presence of the metabolic syndrome at age 43 was ascertained using the International Diabetes Federation criteria. Odds ratios and CIs for risk of the metabolic syndrome and its components by snus use at 16, 21, 30 and 43 years were calculated using logistic regression...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673098/long-term-metabolic-effects-in-french-canadian-children-and-adolescents-treated-with-second-generation-antipsychotics-in-monotherapy-or-polytherapy-a-24-month-descriptive-retrospective-study
#17
Drigissa Ilies, Anne-Sophie Huet, Eric Lacourse, Geneviève Roy, Emmanuel Stip, Leila Ben Amor
OBJECTIVE: To compare weight and glucose changes of long-term second-generation antipsychotic (SGA) monotherapy versus polytherapy (switching or combining SGAs) in children and adolescents. METHODS: This is a 24-month retrospective study conducted between November 2005 and June 2013. From 147 antipsychotic-naive patients selected (mean age, 12.8 years; 95% confidence interval [CI], 9.8-15.9), 116 (78.9%) received SGA monotherapy and 31 (21.1%) SGA polytherapy for up to 24 months...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672956/chronic-conditions-in-adolescents
#18
Mingwei Jin, Qi An, Lei Wang
The health problems related to the nervous system are on rise in young infants leading to high mortality amongst this age group. A chronic medical condition (CC) is present in this age group to the tune of 10-20%. We searched the electronic database PubMed for pre-clinical as well as clinical controlled trials reporting variable chronic conditions especially in pediatric patients. Most of these reports revealed that type 1 diabetes mellitus is the most common CC in young infants. In female patients, metabolic control is often disturbed during CC in this age group...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665946/psycho-educational-interventions-for-children-and-young-people-with-type-1-diabetes-in-the-uk-how-effective-are-they-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Dimitrios Charalampopoulos, Kathryn R Hesketh, Rakesh Amin, Veena Mazarello Paes, Russell M Viner, Terence Stephenson
AIMS: To synthesise evidence from UK-based randomised trials of psycho-educational interventions in children and young people (CYP) with Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) to inform the evidence-base for adoption of such interventions into the NHS. METHODS: We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Web of Science up to March 2016. Two reviewers independently selected UK-based randomised trials comparing psycho-educational interventions for improving management of T1D for CYP with a control group of usual care or attention control...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665347/early-onset-of-type-1-diabetes-and-educational-field-at-upper-secondary-and-university-level-is-own-experience-an-asset-for-a-health-care-career
#20
Ida Lovén, Katarina Steen Carlsson
Ill health in early life has a significant negative impact on school grades, grade repetition, educational level, and labor market outcomes. However, less is known about qualitative socio-economic consequences of a health shock in childhood or adolescence. We investigate the relationship between onset of type 1 diabetes up to age 15 and the probability of choosing and completing a health-oriented path at upper secondary and university level of education. We analyze the Swedish Childhood Diabetes Register, the National Educational Register, and other population registers in Sweden for 2756 people with type 1 diabetes and 10,020 matched population controls...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
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