keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Type 1 diabetes in adolescent

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432304/anemia-in-adolescents-and-young-adult-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#1
Juan L Rodríguez-Hernández, Fayna Rodríguez-González, Efrén Martínez-Quintana
INTRODUCTION: Despite anemia in acquired heart disease being a common problem, little is known in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: In total, 544 consecutive stable noncyanotic CHD patients were studied to determine demographic, clinical, and analytic parameters. Anemia was defined as a condition in which hemoglobin concentration was <13 g/dL in male individuals and <12 g/dL in female individuals. RESULTS: In total, 49 (9%) CHD patients had anemia...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432207/prevalence-of-comorbid-conditions-pre-existing-and-diagnosed-at-a-tertiary-care-pediatric-weight-management-clinic
#2
Griselle Leon, Elizabeth de Klerk, Josephine Ho, Michelle Jackman, Raylene A Reimer, Kimberly E Connors, Paola Luca
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity places individuals at risk for a multitude of physical and mental health problems. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of obesity related comorbidities diagnosed prior to and after attending a tertiary care pediatric weight management clinic. METHODS: A cross sectional retrospective chart review of patients 2-17 years old seen in the weight management clinic at Alberta Children's Hospital from May 2012 to May 2014. RESULTS: A total of 199 patients were included in the review...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431513/safety-and-feasibility-of-the-omnipod-hybrid-closed-loop-system-in-adult-adolescent-and-pediatric-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-using-a-personalized-model-predictive-control-algorithm
#3
Bruce A Buckingham, Gregory P Forlenza, Jordan E Pinsker, Mark P Christiansen, R Paul Wadwa, Jennifer Schneider, Thomas A Peyser, Eyal Dassau, Joon Bok Lee, Jason O'Connor, Jennifer E Layne, Trang T Ly
BACKGROUND: The safety and feasibility of the OmniPod personalized model predictive control (MPC) algorithm in adult, adolescent, and pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes were investigated. METHODS: This multicenter, observational trial included a 1-week outpatient sensor-augmented pump open-loop phase and a 36-h inpatient hybrid closed-loop (HCL) phase with announced meals ranging from 30 to 90 g of carbohydrates and limited physical activity. Patients aged 6-65 years with HbA1c between 6...
February 12, 2018: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431405/hyperosmolar-hyperglycemic-state
#4
Gregg D Stoner
Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state is a life-threatening emergency manifested by marked elevation of blood glucose and hyperosmolarity with little or no ketosis. Although there are multiple precipitating causes, underlying infections are the most common. Other causes include certain medications, nonadherence to therapy, undiagnosed diabetes mellitus, substance abuse, and coexisting disease. In children and adolescents, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state is often present when type 2 diabetes is diagnosed. Physical findings include profound dehydration and neurologic symptoms ranging from lethargy to coma...
December 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431304/ketoacidosis-in-newly-diagnosed-type-1-diabetes-in-children-and-adolescents-in-israel-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#5
Ori Eyal, Asaf Oren, Dganit Almasi-Wolker, Yardena Tenenbaum-Rakover, Marianna Rachmiel, Naomi Weintrob
BACKGROUND: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) as the first presentation of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a serious complication that is preventable. OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for DKA at presentation of T1DM to delineate high-risk Israeli populations that could benefit from preventative measures. METHODS: Data for this multicenter retrospective study were collected from the medical files of three pediatric diabetes centers representing three districts in Israel...
February 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429781/high-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-results-from-a-five-year-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Isabella Walter-Höliner, Daniela Seick Barbarini, Jürg Lütschg, Anya Blassnig-Ezeh, Ulrike Zanier, Christoph H Saely, Burkhard Simma
BACKGROUND: In this prospective cohort study, we investigated the prevalence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy at baseline and after five years of follow-up in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus using both measurements of nerve conduction velocity and clinical neurological examination. METHODS: A total of 38 patients who underwent insulin pump or intensive insulin therapy were included. The subjects averaged 12.6 ± 2.4 years of age and their diabetes duration averaged 5...
December 13, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412386/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-severely-obese-adolescents-effects-on-metabolic-profile
#7
Ruth Rocha Franco, Marina Ybarra, Louise Cominato, Larissa Mattar, Leandra Steinmetz, Durval Damiani, Manoel Carlos Prieto Velhote
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to conduct clinical and metabolic evaluations of obese adolescents before and after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) (up to 24 months). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was designed as a retrospective, descriptive series of cases study, conducted in Instituto da Criança, São Paulo, Brazil. Analysis of clinical and laboratory data from 22 obese adolescents between 14 and 19 years old submitted to LSG between 2007 and 2014. Patients had BMI > 40 kg/m2 or BMI > 35 kg/m2 with comorbidities...
December 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412336/psychiatric-disorders-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-a-case-control-study
#8
Mireille C Almeida, Denise A Claudino, Ruth B Grigolon, Bacy Fleitlich-Bilyk, Angélica M Claudino
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in adolescents with and without type 1 diabetes, the factors associated with its presence, and to test the reliability of a screening tool for use in clinical settings. METHODS: Eighty-one adolescents were enrolled in this case-control study, including 36 diabetic participants and 45 controls. Clinical and sociodemographic data were collected and psychiatric symptoms and diagnoses were obtained from adolescents and their parents using a screening tool (Strengths & Difficulties Questionnaire) and a semi-structured interview (Development and Well-Being Assessment)...
February 1, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411927/oral-contraception-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-and-its-association-with-cardiovascular-risk-factors-a-multicentre-dpv-study-on-24-011-patients-from-germany-austria-or-luxembourg
#9
Barbara Bohn, Kirsten Mönkemöller, Dörte Hilgard, Axel Dost, Karl Otfried Schwab, Eggert Lilienthal, Elke Hammer, Kathrin Hake, Maria Fritsch, Bettina Gohlke, Carine de Beaufort, Reinhard W Holl
OBJECTIVE: To investigate differences in cardiovascular risk factors and metabolic control in girls with type 1 diabetes with or without use of oral contraceptives (OC) from the multicentre "diabetes prospective follow-up" registry (DPV). METHODS: 24,011 adolescent girls (13-<18 years of age) from Germany, Austria or Luxembourg with type 1 diabetes from the DPV registry were included in this cross-sectional study. Multivariable regression models were applied to compare clinical characteristics (HbA1C , blood pressure, serum lipids, BMI) and lifestyle factors (smoking, physical inactivity, alcohol consumption) between girls with or without OC use...
February 7, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403151/new-insights-into-the-pharmacological-treatment-of-pediatric-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#10
Tatsuhiko Urakami
The principal treatment for children and adolescents with type 2 diabetes is dietary and exercise management. However, the blood glucose levels of some patients receiving this treatment fail to improve; thus, pharmacological treatment is eventually required. The pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes in pediatric patients appears to be similar to that in adults; thus, the range of antidiabetic drugs used in adults is likely to be effective in pediatric patients as well. However, in the majority of countries, including Japan, only metformin, glimepiride, and insulin have been approved for use in pediatric patients...
2018: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401509/dna-methylation-mediates-the-effect-of-maternal-cognitive-appraisal-of-a-disaster-in-pregnancy-on-the-child-s-c-peptide-secretion-in-adolescence-project-ice-storm
#11
Lei Cao-Lei, Kelsey N Dancause, Guillaume Elgbeili, David P Laplante, Moshe Szyf, Suzanne King
Animal and human studies suggest that prenatal exposure to stress is associated with adverse health outcomes such as type 2 diabetes. Epigenetic modification, such as DNA methylation, is considered one possible underlying mechanism. The 1998 Quebec ice storm provides a unique opportunity to study an independent prenatal stressor on child outcomes. C-peptide is the best measure of endogenous insulin secretion and is widely used in the clinical management of patients with diabetes. The objectives of this study are to determine 1) the extent to which prenatal exposure to disaster-related stress (maternal objective hardship and maternal cognitive appraisal) influences children's C-peptide secretion, and 2) whether DNA methylation of diabetes-related genes mediates the effects of prenatal stress on C-peptide secretion...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399912/dental-enamel-defects-predict-adolescent-health-indicators-a-cohort-study-among-the-tsimane-of-bolivia
#12
Erin E Masterson, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Daniel A Enquobahrie, Lloyd A Mancl, Dan T A Eisenberg, Esther Conde, Philippe P Hujoel
OBJECTIVES: Bioarchaeological findings have linked defective enamel formation in preadulthood with adult mortality. We investigated how defective enamel formation in infancy and childhood is associated with risk factors for adult morbidity and mortality in adolescents. METHODS: This cohort study of 349 Amerindian adolescents (10-17 years of age) related extent of enamel defects on the central maxillary incisors (none, less than 1/3, 1/3 to 2/3, more than 2/3) to adolescent anthropometrics (height, weight) and biomarkers (hemoglobin, glycated hemoglobin, white blood cell count, and blood pressure)...
February 5, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396691/the-adolescent-cardio-renal-intervention-trial-addit-retinal-vascular-geometry-and-renal-function-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Paul Z Benitez-Aguirre, Tien Y Wong, Maria E Craig, Elizabeth A Davis, Andrew Cotterill, Jennifer J Couper, Fergus J Cameron, Farid H Mahmud, Tim W Jones, Lauren A B Hodgson, R Neil Dalton, David B Dunger, Kim C Donaghue
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: We examined the hypothesis that elevation in urinary albumin creatinine ratio (ACR) in adolescents with type 1 diabetes is associated with abnormal retinal vascular geometry (RVG) phenotypes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study at baseline of the relationship between ACR within the normoalbuminuric range and RVG in 963 adolescents aged 14.4 ± 1.6 years with type 1 diabetes (median duration 6.5 years) screened for participation in AdDIT. A validated algorithm was used to categorise log10 ACR into tertiles: upper tertile ACR was defined as 'high-risk' for future albuminuria and the lower two tertiles were deemed 'low-risk'...
February 2, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393817/relationship-between-paraoxonase-1-and-butyrylcholinesterase-activities-and-nutritional-status-in-mexican-children
#14
Rocío Ramírez-Jiménez, María Fernanda Martínez-Salazar, Damianys Almenares-López, Leticia Yáñez-Estrada, Antonio Monroy-Noyola
BACKGROUND: The enzymes butyrylcholinesterase (BuChE) and paraoxonase-1 (PON1) are the primary bioscavenging enzymes in serum and exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. PON1 has been associated with diseases caused by high oxidative stress, whereas BuChE appears to be involved in the pathophysiology of the metabolic syndrome and related disorders. It has been suggested that children from rural communities in Mexico may have a predisposition to develop obesity or type 2 diabetes during adolescence or adulthood...
February 2, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389159/the-role-of-parent-and-child-self-regulation-in-children-s-glycemic-control
#15
Dione Healey, Andrew R Gray, Matthew Chae, Barry J Taylor, Julie Lawrence, David M Reith, Benjamin J Wheeler
OBJECTIVE: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a lifelong, metabolic disorder, typically arising in childhood and adolescence. Despite recent advances in diabetes management techniques, glycemic control remains substandard for many individuals This study examined the role of parental and child self-regulation in predicting effective glycemic control in children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). METHOD: Sixty-three families (with children aged 3-18 years) with T1DM participated...
February 1, 2018: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387876/mortality-rates-after-the-first-diagnosis-of-psychotic-disorder-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#16
Gregory E Simon, Christine Stewart, Bobbi Jo Yarborough, Frances Lynch, Karen J Coleman, Arne Beck, Belinda H Operskalski, Robert B Penfold, Enid M Hunkeler
Importance: Individuals with psychotic disorders have increased mortality, and recent research suggests a marked increase shortly after diagnosis. Objective: To use population-based data to examine overall and cause-specific mortality after first diagnosis of a psychotic disorder. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study used records from 5 integrated health systems that serve more than 8 million members in 5 states. Members aged 16 through 30 years who received a first lifetime diagnosis of a psychotic disorder from September 30, 2009, through September 30, 2015, and 2 comparison groups matched for age, sex, health system, and year of diagnosis were selected from all members making an outpatient visit (general outpatient group) and from all receiving a first diagnosis of unipolar depression (unipolar depression group)...
January 31, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383813/higher-body-mass-index-predicts-cardiac-autonomic-dysfunction-a-longitudinal-study-in-adolescent-type-1-diabetes
#17
Yoon H Cho, Maria E Craig, Tracey Jopling, Albert Chan, Kim C Donaghue
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular morbidity in adults with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the predictive role of body mass index (BMI) and adiposity on cardiac autonomic function in childhood onset type 1 diabetes. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and fifty-three participants with type 1 diabetes (aged 8-30 years) were assessed for diabetes complications at a tertiary hospital, and followed over 7 years (total 922 visits)...
January 31, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383803/diabetes-distress-is-more-strongly-associated-with-hba1c-than-depressive-symptoms-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-results-from-diabetes-miles-youth-australia
#18
Virginia Hagger, Christel Hendrieckx, Fergus Cameron, Frans Pouwer, Timothy C Skinner, Jane Speight
BACKGROUND: Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is higher during adolescence than at any other life stage. Some research among adolescents indicates that depressive symptoms are associated with suboptimal HbA1c. However, research among adults suggests diabetes distress is a stronger predictor of HbA1c than depressive symptoms. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative contributions of depressive symptoms and diabetes distress to explain the variance in HbA1c among adolescents with type 1 diabetes...
January 31, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381816/preferences-for-treatment-among-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-a-national-study-using-a-discrete-choice-experiment-model
#19
G Forsander, S Stallknecht, U Samuelsson, C Marcus, M Bøgelund
AIM: To test the possibility of using a discrete choice experiment model, on a national level in adolescents with Type 1 diabetes, in order to obtain a better understanding of drivers of and barriers to diabetes self-care. METHODS: A survey instrument was constructed and tested on a small group of the target population: adolescents aged 15 to <18 years with Type 1 diabetes. All individuals in Sweden belonging to this target group (N=2112) were then identified via the Swedish paediatric diabetes quality registry SWEDIABKIDS, and were sent an invitation to answer an online questionnaire...
January 30, 2018: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381176/-p-strong-diagnostics-of-type-1-diabetes-must-be-improved-strong-p
#20
Johnny Ludvigsson
Incidence of type 1 diabetes in children and adolescents continues to increase but diagnosis is often delayed and keto-acidosis too common. More information is needed. General auto-antibody screening can be discussed.
January 26, 2018: Läkartidningen
keyword
keyword
28550
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"