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Postoperative endophthalmitis

Jayanth Sridhar, Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Ajay E Kuriyan, Anthony Joseph, Benjamin J Thomas, Michelle C Liang, Nadim Rayess, Nidhi Relhan, Jeremy D Wolfe, Chirag P Shah, Andre J Witkin, Harry W Flynn, Sunir J Garg
PURPOSE: To report the clinical presentation, microbiologic spectrum, and visual outcomes associated with acute-onset infectious endophthalmitis undergoing therapeutic pars plana vitrectomy. METHODS: Multicenter interventional retrospective noncomparative consecutive case series. Billing records were reviewed to identify all charts for patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy within 14 days of diagnosis of acute-onset infectious endophthalmitis over a 4-year period at 5 large tertiary referral retina practices...
October 21, 2016: Retina
Kazuhiko Umazume, Jun Suzuki, Yoshihiko Usui, Yoshihiro Wakabayashi, Hiroshi Goto
Purpose. Endogenous endophthalmitis (EE) is a rare ocular disease caused by bacterial or fungal infection of intraocular spaces by hematogenous spread of pathogens from distant infectious loci in the body. We investigated the clinical characteristics and management of eyes with EE in ten consecutive patients. Methods. Ten patients (10 eyes) with EE treated at Tokyo Medical University Hospital in 2014 were reviewed. We retrospectively studied the causative organisms, systemic complications, pre/postoperative mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and status of posterior vitreous detachment (PVD)...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
Jea H Yu, Chuck Nguyen, Esmeralda Gallemore, Ron P Gallemore
Purpose. To report a new technique for anterior placement of tubes for glaucoma drainage devices to reduce the risk of tube erosions. Methods. Retrospective review of select cases of Ahmed Valve surgery combined with the novel method of a limbal-based scleral flap covered by a scleral patch graft to cover the tube at the entrance through the limbus. Intraoperative and postoperative illustrations are shown to highlight the method of tube placement. Results. In this retrospective case series, 3 patients are presented illustrating the technique...
2016: Case Reports in Ophthalmological Medicine
Anurag Garg, Alastair Stuart, Mark Fajgenbaum, David Alistair Laidlaw, Miles Stanford
: An 85-year-old man developed chronic postoperative endophthalmitis after complicated cataract surgery. Visual acuity in the affected eye was hand movements. Slitlamp biomicroscopy showed a hypopyon, superonasal iris nodule, and marked vitritis. An anterior chamber washout, iris biopsy, and intravitreal amphotericin injection were performed. Panfungal polymerase chain reaction of anterior chamber and vitreous samples were positive for Penicillium citrinum. The iris biopsy showed hyphae on Grocott staining...
September 2016: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
Ranjodh Singh, Thomas H Dohlman, Grace Sun
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The number of cataract surgeries performed globally will continue to rise to meet the needs of an aging population. This increased demand will require healthcare systems and providers to find new surgical efficiencies while maintaining excellent surgical outcomes. Immediately sequential bilateral cataract surgery (ISBCS) has been proposed as a solution and is increasingly being performed worldwide. The purpose of this review is to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of ISBCS...
September 28, 2016: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
Yasser M Elshatory, Elizabeth H Gauger, Young H Kwon, Wallace L M Alward, H Culver Boldt, Stephen R Russell, Vinit B Mahajan
PURPOSE: To review the impact of vitrectomy and tube shunts on mean intraocular pressure (IOP) and number of glaucoma medications in pediatric aphakic glaucoma. METHODS: A retrospective review of pediatric patients who underwent combined vitrectomy and glaucoma tube shunt surgery for aphakic glaucoma was conducted. Inclusion criteria were: age 18 years or younger, diagnosis of aphakic glaucoma, preoperative IOP data, and postoperative IOP data for at least 6 months...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Ai Toride, Hiroshi Toshida, Asaki Matsui, Yusuke Matsuzaki, Rio Honda, Toshihiko Ohta, Akira Murakami
BACKGROUND: Most patients with open globe eye injury are brought to hospital as emergency patients and usually require admission for emergency surgery. We analyzed the visual outcome in patients with open globe eye injury at our hospital over a 4-year period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study reviewed 40 eyes of 40 patients with open globe eye injury who were presented to Juntendo University Shizuoka Hospital and required emergency surgery during the 4 years from January 2010 to December 2014...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
Robert Rejdak, Tomasz Choragiewicz, Agnieszka Kalinowska, Michael J Koss, Piotr Ksiazek, Joanna Moneta-Wielgos, Ryszard Maciejewski, Anselm G Jünemann, Katarzyna Nowomiejska
BACKGROUND: Endophthalmitis is potentially devastating intraocular inflammation following eye trauma or surgery. We describe the visual outcomes and causative pathogens in acute bacterial postoperative and posttraumatic endophthalmitis treated with immediate pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with Vancomycin dissolved in the infusion fluid. METHODS: Clinical records of consecutive 30 patients with postoperative endophthalmitis and 15 patients with posttraumatic endophthalmitis were evaluated...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Tamara L Lenis, Stephan Y Chiu, Simon K Law, Fei Yu, Anthony J Aldave
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of concurrent Boston type I keratoprosthesis (KPro) and glaucoma drainage device (GDD) implantation. DESIGN: Retrospective comparative study of a consecutive cohort of patients. SUBJECTS: Patients who underwent KPro implantation by a single surgeon (A.J.A.) with or without 1 concurrent Ahmed GDD (New World Medical, Inc., Rancho Cucamonga, CA) implantation between January 1, 2005, and January 31, 2015, were included...
September 7, 2016: Ophthalmology
Norma Fariña, Margarita Samudio, Letizia Carpinelli, Martin M Nentwich, Herminia Mino de Kaspar
PURPOSE: Coagulase-negative staphylococci have been reported to be the most frequent cause of bacterial postoperative endophthalmitis. Biofilm formation is the major virulence factor of Staphylococcus epidermidis and is often associated with methicillin resistance. This study aims at evaluating the presence of biofilm-producing and methicillin resistance genes (mecA) in S. epidermidis. METHODS: S. epidermidis isolated from clinically infected sites (group 1) and from normal human conjunctiva (group 2) were studied...
September 10, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Georgios Mylonas, Michael Georgopoulos, Panagiotis Malamos, Ilias Georgalas, Chryssanthi Koutsandrea, Dimitrios Brouzas, Stefan Sacu, Christos Perisanidis, Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth
AIMS: To evaluate the efficacy of the treatment with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide or dexamethasone intravitreal implant in patients with postoperative cystoid macular edema (PCME). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty eyes of 29 patients with PCME were randomized into two groups: one group initially received an injection of 4 mg triamcinolone; retreatment after 3 months was dependent on functional and anatomic outcome in a PRN regimen. The second group received a single injection of the dexamethasone intravitreal implant (Ozurdex)...
September 9, 2016: Current Eye Research
T U Krohne, J-P Allam, N Novak, F G Holz
BACKGROUND: Preoperative disinfection with povidone-iodine results in a significant reduction of the risk for postoperative endophthalmitis and secondary irreversible vision loss in intraocular surgeries and intravitreal injections. Nevertheless, this important measure is often omitted if so-called "iodine allergy" is suspected. We analyze the physiological and allergological basis for the construct of "iodine allergy". METHODS: This article is based on a selective literature review using the search term "allergy" in combination with "iodine", "povidone", "indocyanine green", or "seafood"...
September 6, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Sergio Piscitello, Maria Vadalà
Prevention of postoperative endophthalmitis (POE) is a goal of every ophthalmic procedure and also in intravitreal therapy (IVT). This comparative retrospective study targets whether systemic and topical preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis (PAP) regimen does prevent POE after IVT in a higher rate compared with topical PAP alone. Out of 6111 IVT performed over a period of 103.5 months, in the study group A patients were treated with systemic and topical PAP (2881 IVT), and in the study group B patients were treated only with topical PAP (3230 IVT)...
September 1, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Alex Lap-Ki Ng, Wilson Wai-Tat Tang, Patrick Siu-Hung Li, Kenneth Kai-Wang Li
PURPOSE: The purpose was to study the effect of introducing intracameral cefuroxime, which was compounded by a hospital pharmacy, on postoperative endophthalmitis in a tertiary eye centre in Hong Kong. METHODS: All cases that underwent cataract surgeries over a 12-year period (January 2004 to December 2015) were included. The routine use of intracameral cefuroxime at the end of cataract surgery was introduced at our centre after April 2010. All cefuroxime aliquots were prepared by the hospital pharmacy using an aseptic compounding technique...
October 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Ramon Lee, Ziad Khoueir, Edem Tsikata, James Chodosh, Claes H Dohlman, Teresa C Chen
PURPOSE: To report the long-term visual outcomes and complications after Boston keratoprosthesis type II implantation in the largest single-center case series with the longest average follow-up. DESIGN: Retrospective review of consecutive clinical case series. PARTICIPANTS: Between January 1992 and April 2015 at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, 48 eyes of 44 patients had keratoprosthesis type II implanted by 2 surgeons (C.H.D. and J...
August 15, 2016: Ophthalmology
Jacqueline Martins de Sousa, Heloisa Nascimento, Rubens Belfort
Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a rare and potentially fatal adverse drug reaction associated with skin rash, fever, eosinophilia, and multiple organ injury. A number of pharmacological agents are known to cause DRESS syndrome such as allopurinol, anticonvulsants, vancomycin, trimethoprime-sulfamethoxazole, and pyrimethamine-sulfadiazine. Here, we describe two patients who developed DRESS syndrome during ocular treatment. The first case was being treated for late postoperative endophthalmitis with topical antibiotics, intravenous cephalothin, meropenem, and intravitreal injection of vancomycin and ceftazidime before symptoms developed...
May 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Melis Palamar, Cumali Degirmenci, Ruchan Sertoz, Sohret Aydemir, Sait Egrilmez, Ayse Yagci
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to evaluate the serologic positivity of cornea donors and microbiologic positivity of cornea storage media at the Ege University Tissue and Cornea Bank, Izmir, Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated the serologic blood sample and microbiological culture media analysis results of all cornea donors at Ege University Tissue and Cornea Bank between 2007 and 2015 with reference to age, sex, and cause of death of each donor...
July 22, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Yu Ti Teng, Mei Ching Teng, Hsi Kung Kuo, Po Chiung Fang, Pei Chang Wu, Chih Hsin Chen, Ming Tse Kuo, I Hui Yang, Yung Jen Chen
The purpose of this study was to investigate the spectrum of organisms causing endophthalmitis after cataract surgery in a tertiary medical center in Taiwan and the antibiotic susceptibilities. This was a retrospective case series study. Patients with endophthalmitis after cataract surgery from January 2004 to July 2015 were reviewed. The outcome measures included the identification of isolates, antibiotic susceptibilities, and final visual outcomes. Twenty-one organisms were isolated from 19 cases. The most common organisms were Enterococcus in 38...
July 15, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Raageen Kanjee, Anjum F Koreishi, Angelo P Tanna, Debra A Goldstein
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to report an unusual case of chronic postoperative endophthalmitis following cataract surgery, secondary to Ochrobactrum anthropi that was found to be resistant to vancomycin. FINDINGS: Anterior chamber paracentesis cultures grew gram negative bacilli Ochrobactrum anthropi. The patient was treated with a series of intracameral injections of moxifloxacin, with adjuvant oral moxifloxacin. Posterior sub-Tenon and oral corticosteroids were used to treat cystoid macular edema...
December 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic Inflammation and Infection
S Hoshi, M Hashida, K Urabe
PurposeTo investigate the relationship between the background of preoperative cataract patients and bacterial conjunctival flora.MethodsA total of 990 cataract patients who had completed preoperative examinations in 2007 and 2008 were included. Patients using topical antibiotics at the preoperative examination or having a history of intraocular surgery were excluded. Conjunctival cultures had been preoperatively obtained. Patient characteristics were investigated via medical records. Risk factors for conjunctival flora of seven typical bacteria were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses...
July 15, 2016: Eye
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