keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

parkinsonism falls

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145921/change-in-fear-of-falling-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-two-year-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Tatjana Gazibara, Darija Kisic Tepavcevic, Marina Svetel, Aleksandra Tomic, Iva Stankovic, Vladimir S Kostic, Tatjana Pekmezovic
BACKGROUND: Fear of falling in Parkinson's disease (PD) has been suggested as predictor of future falling. The purpose of this study was to compare fear of falling score after two years of follow-up with those observed at baseline and to assess factors associated with change in fear of falling over time. METHODS: A total of 120 consecutive persons with PD were recruited and followed for two years. Fear of falling was assessed by using the 10-item Falls Efficacy Scale (FES)...
November 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144565/rethinking-status-dystonicus
#2
REVIEW
Marta Ruiz-Lopez, Alfonso Fasano
Status dystonicus is a movement disorder emergency that has been a source of controversy in terms of terminology, phenomenology, and management since it was first described in 1982. Here we argue that the current use of the term status dystonicus falls well short of the precision needed for either clinical or academic use. We performed a critical review on this topic, describing possible pathophysiological mechanisms and areas of uncertainties. This review also addresses the problems derived by the extreme clinical heterogeneity of this condition, as the lack of an objective criterion useful for the definition, or the fact that status dystonicus may present not only in the context of a known dystonic syndrome...
November 16, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143692/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-lewy-body-dementia-a-systematic-review
#3
Michael H Connors, Lena Quinto, Ian McKeith, Henry Brodaty, Louise Allan, Claire Bamford, Alan Thomas, John-Paul Taylor, John T O'Brien
Lewy body dementia (consisting of dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson's disease dementia) is a common neurodegenerative disease characterised by visual hallucinations, fluctuating attention, motor disturbances, falls, and sensitivity to antipsychotics. This combination of features presents challenges for pharmacological management. Given this, we sought to review evidence for non-pharmacological interventions with patients with Lewy body dementia and their carers. Bibliographic databases were searched using a wide range of search terms and no restrictions were placed on study design, language, or clinical setting...
November 16, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119656/factors-that-lead-to-hospitalisation-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Luan Koay, Joanne Rose, Ahmed H Abdelhafiz
OBJECTIVES: Parkinson disease (PD) frequently leads to acute hospitalisation resulting in increased cost to health care systems and reduced quality of life for patients. The objective of this review was to identify causes that lead to acute hospitalisation of patients with PD. METHODS: A systematic review of English language literature from 1997 to present. FINDINGS: The incidences of acute general medical or surgical problems that trigger acute hospitalisation in patients with PD are similar to those in the general population...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113357/brain-gray-matter-abnormalities-in-progressive-supranuclear-palsy-revisited
#5
PingLei Pan, Yi Liu, Yang Zhang, Hui Zhao, Xing Ye, Yun Xu
Whole-brain voxel-based morphometry (VBM) studies of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) have demonstrated heterogeneous findings regarding gray matter (GM) abnormalities. Here, we used Seed-based d Mapping, a coordinate-based meta-analytic approach to identify consistent regions of GM anomalies across studies of PSP. Totally, 18 original VBM studies, comprising 284 patients with PSP and 367 healthy controls were included. As compared to healthy controls, patients with PSP demonstrated significant GM reductions in both cortical and subcortical regions, including the frontal motor cortices, medial (including anterior cingulate cortex) and lateral frontal cortices, insula, superior temporal gyrus, striatum (putamen and caudate nucleus), thalamus, midbrain, and anterior cerebellum...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102438/prediction-of-falls-in-subjects-suffering-from-parkinson-s-disease-multiple-sclerosis-and-stroke
#6
Ettore Beghi, Elisa Gervasoni, Elisabetta Pupillo, Elisa Bianchi, Angelo Montesano, Irene Aprile, Michela Agostini, Marco Rovaris, Davide Cattaneo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of falls and fall predictors in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), multiple sclerosis (MS) and stroke using the same study design. DESIGN: Multicenter prospective cohort study. SETTING: Three [masked] institutions for physical therapy and rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with PD, MS and stroke seen for rehabilitation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Functional scales were applied to investigate balance, disability, daily performance, self-confidence with balance, and social integration...
November 1, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096672/the-effects-of-yoga-versus-stretching-and-resistance-training-exercises-on-psychological-distress-for-people-with-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-disease-study-prxotocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
JoJo Yan Yan Kwok, Jackie Cheuk Yin Kwan, Man Auyeung, Vincent Chung Tong Mok, Helen Yue Lai Chan
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is prevalent among people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and aggravates their motor symptoms, thereby leading to increased disability, high healthcare costs, and poor health-related quality of life (HRQoL). The under-recognition and adverse effects of the pharmacological management of anxiety and depression among the PD population are considerable. Thus, adopting a Complementary and Alternative Management (CAM) approach to address this problem is important...
November 2, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095706/trunk-exercises-improve-gait-symmetry-in-parkinson-disease-a-blind-phase-ii-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Ryan P Hubble, Geraldine Naughton, Peter A Silburn, Michael H Cole
OBJECTIVE: Deficits in step-to-step symmetry and trunk muscle activations have been linked to falls in Parkinson's disease (PD). Given such symptoms are poorly managed with anti-parkinsonian medications, alternate therapies are needed. This blind phase II randomised-controlled trial sought to establish whether exercise can improve step-to-step symmetry in PD. DESIGN: Twenty-four PD patients with a falls history completed baseline assessments of symptom severity, balance confidence, mobility and quality of life...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079421/a-prospective-study-of-falls-in-relation-to-freezing-of-gait-and-response-fluctuations-in-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Yasuyuki Okuma, Ana Lígia Silva de Lima, Jiro Fukae, Bastiaan R Bloem, Anke H Snijders
INTRODUCTION: Falls are a disabling feature of Parkinson's disease (PD). In this prospective study we investigated: (1) in which motor state patients with PD fallmost often; and (2) whether freezing of gait (FOG) and dyskinesias contribute to falls. METHODS: Patients with PD who had fallen at least once in the previous year and had wearing-off were recruited. During six months, patients complete a standardized fall report. We analyzed data regarding fall circumstances and motor state at the time of each first 10 falls...
October 19, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076060/multiple-administration-of-endogenous-amines-tiq-and-1metiq-protects-against-a-6-ohda-induced-essential-fall-of-dopamine-release-in-the-rat-striatum-in-vivo-microdialysis-study
#10
Agnieszka Wąsik, Irena Romańska, Agnieszka Zelek-Molik, Lucyna Antkiewicz-Michaluk
Parkinson's disease (PD) represents one of the neurodegenerative disorders which are caused by degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the nigrostriatal pathway. Different toxins, e.g., 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), are used to model PD in animals. 6-OHDA is a neurotoxin which damages catecholaminergic neurons via production of oxygen radicals. Tetrahydroisoquinolines (TIQs) are endogenous amines which are present in the mammalian brain. Some of them, like TIQ and 1-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (1MeTIQ), demonstrate neuroprotective properties...
October 26, 2017: Neurotoxicity Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076058/pharmacotherapy-of-cardiovascular-autonomic-dysfunction-in-parkinson-disease
#11
REVIEW
Cyndya A Shibao, Horacio Kaufmann
Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunctions, including neurogenic orthostatic hypotension, supine hypertension and post-prandial hypotension, are relatively common in patients with Parkinson disease. Recent evidence suggests that early autonomic impairment such as cardiac autonomic denervation and even neurogenic orthostatic hypotension occur prior to the appearance of the typical motor deficits associated with the disease. When neurogenic orthostatic hypotension develops, patients with Parkinson disease have an increased risk of mortality, falls, and trauma-related to falls...
October 26, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067726/falls-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-complex-and-evolving-picture
#12
REVIEW
Alfonso Fasano, Colleen G Canning, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Sue Lord, Lynn Rochester
Falls are a major determinant of poor quality of life, immobilization, and reduced life expectancy in people affected by Parkinson's disease (PD) and in older adults more generally. Although many questions remain, recent research has advanced the understanding of this complex problem. The goal of this review is to condense new knowledge of falls in PD from prodromal to advanced disease, taking into account risk factors, assessment, and classification as well as treatment. The fundamental steps of clinical and research-based approaches to falls are described, namely, the identification of fall risk factors, clinical and instrumental methods to evaluate and classify fall risk, and the latest evidence to reduce or delay falls in PD...
October 25, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064806/-gait-disturbances-and-falls-in-various-types-of-dementias
#13
Katarzyna Knast, Agnieszka Gorzkowska, Izabela Bieniek, Monika Rudzińska-Bar
Dementia is a group of symptoms of damage of higher cortical functions. The causes of dementia include brain diseases, most often chronic and progressive, leading to cognitive impairment typical of these disorders. Apart from progressive cognitive deficits, dementias may coexist with mental disorders, sleep disorders, epileptic seizures, parkinsonism and other motor disorders. Motor disorders, including gait disturbances and falls, represent a serious challenge to the health of older adults and contribute to loss of mobility and independence...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060542/posturography-stability-score-generation-for-stroke-patient-using-kinect-fuzzy-based-approach
#14
Oishee Mazumder, Kingshuk Chakravarty, Debatri Chatterjee, Aniruddha Sinha, Abhijit Das
Aim of this paper is to formulate a posturography stability score for stroke patients using fuzzy logic. Postural instability is one of the prominent symptoms of stroke, dementia, parkinsons disease, myopathy, etc. and is the major precursor of fall. Conventional scoring techniques used to assess postural stability require manual intervention and are dependent on live interaction with physiotherapist. We propose a novel scoring technique to calculate static stability of a person using posturography features acquired by Kinect sensor, which do not require any manual intervention or expert guidance, is cost effective and hence are ideal for tele rehabilitation purpose...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060541/detection-of-gait-initiation-failure-in-parkinson-s-disease-based-on-wavelet-transform-and-support-vector-machine
#15
Quynh Tran Ly, A M Ardi Handojoseno, Moran Gilat, Rifai Chai, Kaylena A Ehgoetz Martens, Matthew Georgiades, Ganesh R Naik, Yvonne Tran, Simon J G Lewis, Hung T Nguyen
Gait initiation Failure (GIF) is the situation in which patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) feel as if their feet get "stuck" to the floor when initiating their first steps. GIF is a subtype of Freezing of Gait (FOG) and often leads to falls and related injuries. Understanding of neurobiological mechanisms underlying GIF has been limited by difficulties in eliciting and objectively characterizing such gait phenomena in the clinical setting. Studies investigating the effects of GIF on brain activity using EEG offer the potential to study such behavior...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060540/detection-of-turning-freeze-in-parkinson-s-disease-based-on-s-transform-decomposition-of-eeg-signals
#16
Quynh Tran Ly, A M Ardi Handojoseno, Moran Gilat, Rifai Chai, Kaylena A Ehgoetz Martens, Matthew Georgiades, Ganesh R Naik, Yvonne Tran, Simon J G Lewis, Hung T Nguyen
Freezing of Gait (FOG) is a highly debilitating and poorly understood symptom of Parkinson's disease (PD), causing severe immobility and decreased quality of life. Turning Freezing (TF) is known as the most common sub-type of FOG, also causing the highest rate of falls in PD patients. During a TF, the feet of PD patients appear to become stuck whilst making a turn. This paper presents an electroencephalography (EEG) based classification method for detecting turning freezing episodes in six PD patients during Timed Up and Go Task experiments...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059132/medical-cannabis-in-parkinson-disease-real-life-patients-experience
#17
Yacov Balash, Lihi Bar-Lev Schleider, Amos D Korczyn, Herzel Shabtai, Judith Knaani, Alina Rosenberg, Yehuda Baruch, Ruth Djaldetti, Nir Giladi, Tanya Gurevich
BACKGROUND: The use of medical cannabis (MC) is controversial. Support for its benefits is based on small clinical series. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report the results of a standardized interview study that retrospectively assessed the effects of MC on symptoms of Parkinson disease (PD) and its adverse effects in patients treated for at least 3 months. METHODS: The survey used telephone interviews using a structured questionnaire based on subjective global impressions of change for various parkinsonian symptoms and yes/no questions on adverse effects...
November 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057858/development-of-parkinsonism-symptoms-immediately-after-severe-head-injury
#18
Khandaker Abu Talh, Mohammad Sulaiman, Deepak Joshi, Sameh Hamed
This is case report of a young adult male who had developed Parkinsonism symptoms shortly after severe head injury due to accidental fall. This 45-year-old man was diagnosed as multiple hemorrhagic contusions, sub arachnoid hemorrhage and linear skull fracture. After 4 weeks of fall, he developed Parkinsonian symptoms which were relieved by anti-parkinsons disease medication. After doing thorough journal review only few reports were found regarding short term onset of Parkinsons disease after severe head injury, though most of the literatures evident of the similar symptoms after more than years after the head trauma...
October 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057630/femur-fractures-in-parkinsonism-analysis-of-a-national-sample-cohort-in-south-korea
#19
Soo Jeong An, Seung Hwan Lee, Seo Young Lee, Jae Woo Kwon, Seung Joon Lee, Young Ju Kim
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Falling with a femur fracture is a serious event that negatively affects the quality of life of elderly individuals as well as patients with parkinsonism. This study investigated the association between parkinsonism and femur fracture and compared the risk of femur fracture between subjects with and without parkinsonism. METHODS: This study examined a population-based matched cohort constructed using the National Sample Cohort data set, which comprises approximately one million subscribers to medical insurance and aid in South Korea...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027544/long-term-effects-of-exercise-and-physical-therapy-in-people-with-parkinson-disease
#20
REVIEW
Margaret K Mak, Irene S Wong-Yu, Xia Shen, Chloe L Chung
Parkinson disease (PD) is a progressive, neurodegenerative movement disorder with symptoms reflecting various impairments and functional limitations, such as postural instability, gait disturbance, immobility and falls. In addition to pharmacological and surgical management of PD, exercise and physical therapy interventions are also being actively researched. This Review provides an overview of the effects of PD on physical activity - including muscle weakness, reduced aerobic capacity, gait impairment, balance disorders and falls...
November 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
keyword
keyword
28546
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"