keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

parkinsonism falls

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331870/postural-instability-differences-between-idiopathic-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-and-parkinson-s-disease
#1
Yasutaka Nikaido, Toshihiro Akisue, Yoshinaga Kajimoto, Adam Tucker, Yuki Kawami, Hideyuki Urakami, Yuka Iwai, Hisatomo Sato, Tadayuki Nishiguchi, Tetsuya Hinoshita, Kenji Kuroda, Hiroshi Ohno, Ryuichi Saura
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the differences in postural control disability between idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) and Parkinson's disease (PD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-seven iNPH patients, 20 PD patients, and 20 healthy controls (HCs) were examined using the Timed Up and Go test (TUG) and a force platform for recording the center of pressure (COP) trajectory during quiescent standing and voluntary multidirectional leaning (forward, backward, right, and left for 10 s each)...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318933/comparing-auditory-visual-and-vibrotactile-cues-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-for-reducing-risk-of-falling-over-different-types-of-soil
#2
Johannes C Ayena, Louis E Tremblay, Martin J-D Otis, Bob-Antoine J Ménélas
INTRODUCTION: Several researchers have demonstrated the positive benefits of auditory and visual cueing in the gait improvements among individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, few studies have evaluated the role of vibrotactile cueing when compared to auditory and visual cueing. This paper compares how these stimuli affect the risk of falling while walking on six types of soil (concrete, sand, parquet, broken stone, two types of carpet). METHODS: An instrumented Timed Up and Go (iTUG) test served to evaluate how audio, visual and vibrotactile cueing can affect the risk of falling of elderly...
January 10, 2018: Somatosensory & Motor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318592/falls-in-cognitively-impaired-older-adults-implications-for-risk-assessment-and-prevention
#3
Manuel Montero-Odasso, Mark Speechley
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the role of cognition in falls, with potential implications for managing and preventing falls in older adults. DESIGN: Review. SETTING: Observational and interventional studies addressing the role of cognition on falls. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling older adults (65 years and older). MEASUREMENTS: The relationship between gait and cognition in aging and neurodegeneration was reviewed in the medical literature to highlight the role of brain motor control deficits in fall risk...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310015/balance-and-fear-of-falling-in-subjects-with-parkinson-s-disease-is-improved-after-exercises-with-motor-complexity
#4
Carla Silva-Batista, Daniel M Corcos, Hélcio Kanegusuku, Maria Elisa Pimentel Piemonte, Lilian Teresa Bucken Gobbi, Andrea C de Lima-Pardini, Marco Túlio de Mello, Claudia L M Forjaz, Carlos Ugrinowitsch
Resistance training with instability (RTI) uses exercises with high motor complexity that impose high postural control and cognitive demands that may be important for improving postural instability and fear of falling in subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD). Here, we hypothesized that: 1) RTI will be more effective than resistance training (RT) in improving balance (Balance Evaluation Systems Test [BESTest] and overall stability index [Biodex Balance System®]) and fear of falling (Falls Efficacy Scale-International [FES-I] score) of subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD); and 2) changes in BESTest and FES-I after RTI will be associated with changes in cognitive function (Montreal Cognitive Assessment [MoCA] score - previously published) induced by RTI...
December 28, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300849/analysis-of-free-living-gait-in-older-adults-with-and-without-parkinson-s-disease-and-with-and-without-a-history-of-falls-identifying-generic-and-disease-specific-characteristics
#5
Silvia Del Din, Brook Galna, Alan Godfrey, Esther Mj Bekkers, Elisa Pelosin, Freek Nieuwhof, Anat Mirelman, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Lynn Rochester
Background: Falls are associated with gait impairments in older adults (OA) and Parkinson's disease (PD). Current approaches for evaluating falls risk are based on self-report or one-time assessment and may be suboptimal. Wearable technology allows gait to be measured continuously in free-living conditions. The aim of this study was to explore generic and specific associations in free-living gait in fallers and non-fallers with and without PD. Methods: 277 fallers (155 PD, 122 older adults (OA)) who fell twice or more in the previous 6 months and 65 non-fallers (15 PD, 50 OA) were tested...
December 30, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288631/gait-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Jessica M Baker
Walking is an extraordinarily complex task requiring integration of the entire nervous system, making gait susceptible to a variety of underlying neurological abnormalities. Gait disorders are particularly prevalent in the elderly and increase fall risk. In this review, we discuss an approach to the examination of gait, and highlight key features of common gait disorders and their underlying causes. We review gaits due to lesions of motor systems (spasticity and neuromuscular weakness), the cerebellum and sensory systems (ataxia), parkinsonism, and frontal lobes and discuss the remarkably diverse phenomenology of functional (psychogenic) gait disorders...
December 27, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278286/autonomic-dysfunction-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-prospective-cohort-study
#7
Aristide Merola, Alberto Romagnolo, Michela Rosso, Ritika Suri, Zoe Berndt, Simona Maule, Leonardo Lopiano, Alberto J Espay
BACKGROUND: Dysautonomia is a frequent and disabling complication of PD, with an estimated prevalence of 30-40% and a significant impact on the quality of life. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the rate of progression of dysautonomia and, in particular, orthostatic hypotension, in a cohort of unselected PD patients, and assess the extent to which the progression of dysautonomia affects activities of daily living, health-related quality of life, and health care utilization in PD...
December 26, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259237/adaptation-of-stability-during-perturbed-walking-in-parkinson-s-disease
#8
Dario Martelli, Lan Luo, Jiyeon Kang, Un Jung Kang, Stanley Fahn, Sunil K Agrawal
Gait and balance disorders are major problems that contribute to falls among subjects with Parkinson's disease (PD). Strengthening the compensatory responses through the use of balance perturbations may improve balance in PD. To date, it is unclear how PD affects the ability to react and adapt to perturbations delivered while walking. This study aims to investigate how PD affects the ability to walk, respond to balance perturbations, and produce acute short-term effects to improve compensatory reactions and gait stability...
December 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249776/-diseases-requiring-severe-level-care-certification-for-long-term-care-insurance
#9
Kyoko Takahashi, Eri Tsukishima
Objectives Extending health expectancy is important; however, health and welfare programs in local areas and communities present their own issues. This study aimed to identify main diseases requiring severe-level care certification for long-term care insurance based on information gathered from opinion papers prepared by primary doctors.Methods Data were obtained for 4,089 patients aged ≧65 years who were certified for long-term care insurance for the first time between April 1, 2013, and March 31, 2015...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249680/dopaminergic-polymorphisms-associated-with-medication-responsiveness-of-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease
#10
Nathaniel S Miller, Kelvin L Chou, Nicolaas I Bohnen, Martijn L T M Müller, Rachael D Seidler
BACKGROUND: Gait dysfunction is a common symptom of Parkinson's disease that can cause significant disability and put patients at risk for falls. These symptoms show variable responsiveness to dopaminergic therapy. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether dopaminergic (rs1076560 DRD2 G > T and rs4680 catechole-o-methyltranspherase (COMT) Val158Met) or brain derived neurotrophic factor (rs6265 BDNF Val66Met) genetic polymorphisms are associated with gait function and medication responsiveness in Parkinson's disease...
December 12, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239746/stepping-reaction-time-and-gait-adaptability-are-significantly-impaired-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-implications-for-fall-risk
#11
Maria Joana D Caetano, Stephen R Lord, Natalie E Allen, Matthew A Brodie, Jooeun Song, Serene S Paul, Colleen G Canning, Jasmine C Menant
BACKGROUND: Decline in the ability to take effective steps and to adapt gait, particularly under challenging conditions, may be important reasons why people with Parkinson's disease (PD) have an increased risk of falling. This study aimed to determine the extent of stepping and gait adaptability impairments in PD individuals as well as their associations with PD symptoms, cognitive function and previous falls. METHODS: Thirty-three older people with PD and 33 controls were assessed in choice stepping reaction time, Stroop stepping and gait adaptability tests; measurements identified as fall risk factors in older adults...
November 22, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215908/chronom%C3%A3-trage-et-perception-temporelle
#12
Simon Grondin
This article provides an overview of some contemporary research avenues in the field of timing and time perception. After a brief description of different categories of temporal experiences, the article describes how research on psychological time falls within a psychophysical perspective. Next, some factors changing sensitivity to time or perceived duration are reported. Four main sources affecting this sensitivity are identified : the modality in which the intervals to be estimated are marked, the length of the markers, the number of intervals presented, and whether people are counting explicitly or not when estimating time...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201368/medication-use-and-falls-applying-beers-criteria-to-medication-review-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Eleanor Yusupov, Davina Chen, Bhuma Krishnamachari
Objectives: Our goal was to assess the association between potentially inappropriate medication use and risk of falls in the Parkinson's disease population. Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study conducted at an outpatient Parkinson's Disease Treatment Center. Individuals 65 years of age or older, diagnosed with Parkinson's disease who attended at least three visits in 2015 for physical, occupational therapy, or physician's visits were included in the study...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179887/biomechanical-analysis-of-dance-for-parkinson-s-disease-a-paradoxical-case-study-of-balance-and-gait-effects
#14
Kristen L Sowalsky, Jill Sonke, Lori J P Altmann, Leonardo Almeida, Chris J Hass
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to measure the effects of a dance training program on subjective and objective balance and gait measures in a person with Parkinson's disease. DESIGN AND SETTING: The participant was measured via clinical scales and biomechanical balance and gait analyses pre- and post-16 weeks of dance participation at the University Center for Arts in Medicine. The dance program consisted of 75 minute sessions three days a week. RESULTS: Improved clinical scales included the Schwab and England scale (+10%), falls efficacy scale (-11 points), six-minute walk (+15...
November 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163185/orthostatic-intolerance-in-older-persons-etiology-and-countermeasures
#15
REVIEW
Nandu Goswami, Andrew P Blaber, Helmut Hinghofer-Szalkay, Jean-Pierre Montani
Orthostatic challenge produced by upright posture may lead to syncope if the cardiovascular system is unable to maintain adequate brain perfusion. This review outlines orthostatic intolerance related to the aging process, long-term bedrest confinement, drugs, and disease. Aging-associated illness or injury due to falls often leads to hospitalization. Older patients spend up to 83% of hospital admission lying in bed and thus the consequences of bedrest confinement such as physiological deconditioning, functional decline, and orthostatic intolerance represent a central challenge in the care of the vulnerable older population...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158667/different-protocols-for-analyzing-behavior-and-adaptability-in-obstacle-crossing-in-parkinson-s-disease
#16
REVIEW
Nafiseh Mollaei, Estela Bicho, Nuno Sousa, Miguel Fernandes Gago
Imbalance and tripping over obstacles as a result of altered gait in older adults, especially in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), are one of the most common causes of falls. During obstacle crossing, patients with PD modify their behavior in order to decrease the mechanical demands and enhance dynamic stability. Various descriptions of dynamic traits of gait that have been collected over longer periods, probably better synthesize the underlying structure and pattern of fluctuations in gait and can be more sensitive markers of aging or early neurological dysfunction and increased risk of falls...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145921/change-in-fear-of-falling-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-two-year-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Tatjana Gazibara, Darija Kisic Tepavcevic, Marina Svetel, Aleksandra Tomic, Iva Stankovic, Vladimir S Kostic, Tatjana Pekmezovic
BACKGROUND: Fear of falling in Parkinson's disease (PD) has been suggested as predictor of future falling. The purpose of this study was to compare fear of falling score after two years of follow-up with those observed at baseline and to assess factors associated with change in fear of falling over time. METHODS: A total of 120 consecutive persons with PD were recruited and followed for two years. Fear of falling was assessed by using the 10-item Falls Efficacy Scale (FES)...
November 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144565/rethinking-status-dystonicus
#18
REVIEW
Marta Ruiz-Lopez, Alfonso Fasano
Status dystonicus is a movement disorder emergency that has been a source of controversy in terms of terminology, phenomenology, and management since it was first described in 1982. Here we argue that the current use of the term status dystonicus falls well short of the precision needed for either clinical or academic use. We performed a critical review on this topic, describing possible pathophysiological mechanisms and areas of uncertainties. This review also addresses the problems derived by the extreme clinical heterogeneity of this condition, as the lack of an objective criterion useful for the definition, or the fact that status dystonicus may present not only in the context of a known dystonic syndrome...
November 16, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143692/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-lewy-body-dementia-a-systematic-review
#19
Michael H Connors, Lena Quinto, Ian McKeith, Henry Brodaty, Louise Allan, Claire Bamford, Alan Thomas, John-Paul Taylor, John T O'Brien
Lewy body dementia (consisting of dementia with Lewy bodies and Parkinson's disease dementia) is a common neurodegenerative disease characterised by visual hallucinations, fluctuating attention, motor disturbances, falls, and sensitivity to antipsychotics. This combination of features presents challenges for pharmacological management. Given this, we sought to review evidence for non-pharmacological interventions with patients with Lewy body dementia and their carers. Bibliographic databases were searched using a wide range of search terms and no restrictions were placed on study design, language, or clinical setting...
November 16, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119656/factors-that-lead-to-hospitalisation-in-patients-with-parkinson-disease-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Luan Koay, Joanne Rose, Ahmed H Abdelhafiz
OBJECTIVES: Parkinson disease (PD) frequently leads to acute hospitalisation resulting in increased cost to health care systems and reduced quality of life for patients. The objective of this review was to identify causes that lead to acute hospitalisation of patients with PD. METHODS: A systematic review of English language literature from 1997 to present. FINDINGS: The incidences of acute general medical or surgical problems that trigger acute hospitalisation in patients with PD are similar to those in the general population...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
keyword
keyword
28546
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"