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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791916/diclofenac-sodium-3-in-hyaluronic-acid-2-5-gel-significantly-diminishes-the-actinic-keratosis-area-and-severity-index
#1
Lutz Schmitz, Girish Gupta, Marc Hanno Segert, Ricarda Kost, Julia Sternberg, Thilo Gambichler, Eggert Stockfleth, Thomas Dirschka
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Actinic keratosis area and severity index (AKASI) is a new assessment tool to quantify the severity of actinic damage on the head. Thus far, it has not been evaluated in monitoring the efficacy of field-directed topical treatments in actinic keratosis (AK) in routine clinical practice. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine treatment outcomes by using AKASI 3 months after the initiation of topical application of diclofenac sodium 3% in hyaluronic acid 2.5% gel (DFS) in patients with AKs on the head...
May 23, 2018: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786569/-an-assessment-of-the-functional-status-in-the-neurorehabilitation-of-patients-after-ischemic-stroke
#2
Paulina Klimkiewicz, Robert Klimkiewicz, Agnieszka Jankowska, Anna Kubsik, Patrycja Widłak, Adam Łukasiak, Katarzyna Janczewska, Natalia Kociuga, Tomasz Nowakowski, Marta Woldańska-Okońska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: In this article, the authors focused on the symptoms of ischemic stroke and the effect of neurorehabilitation methods on the functional status of patients after ischemic stroke. The aim of the study was to evaluate and compare the functional status of patients after ischemic stroke with improved classic kinesiotherapy, classic kinesiotherapy and NDT-Bobath and classic kinesiotherapy and PNF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The study involved 120 patients after ischemic stroke...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785214/etiological-trends-and-patterns-of-antimicrobial-resistance-in-respiratory-infections
#3
Salma M Al-Zain Ahmed, Sara S Abdelrahman, Doua M Saad, Isra S Osman, Modasir G Osman, Eltahir A G Khalil
Background: Respiratory infections are one of the commonest causes of morbidity and mortality related to infectious diseases worldwide. The emergence of antimicrobial resistance is a major global health problem which is well established in developing countries. Good clinical suspicion and correct laboratory identification of respiratory infection causing organisms followed by the appropriate management are needed to compact both community-acquired and nosocomial infection respiratory infections...
2018: Open Microbiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782648/patient-preferences-for-topical-treatment-of-actinic-keratoses-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#4
D Kopasker, A Kwiatkowski, R N Matin, C A Harwood, F Ismail, J T Lear, J Thomson, Z Hasan, G N Wali, A Milligan, L Crawford, I Ahmed, H Duffy, C M Proby, P F Allanson
BACKGROUND: Treatment of actinic keratoses (AK) is a potentially effective strategy for prevention of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC). However, the patient perspective on potential benefits of AK treatment in terms of skin cancer reduction has received little attention to date. OBJECTIVES: (1) To investigate patient preferences for AK topical treatments using a discrete choice experiment (DCE); (2) To evaluate patient willingness to trade between clinical benefit and medical burden...
May 21, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780898/sumoylation-and-phosphorylation-cross-talk-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#5
REVIEW
Maria Lauda Tomasi, Komal Ramani
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a primary malignancy of the liver and occurs predominantly in patients with underlying chronic liver disease and cirrhosis. The large spectrum of protein post-translational modification (PTM) includes numerous critical signaling events that occur during neoplastic transformation. PTMs occur to nearly all proteins and increase the functional diversity of proteins. We have reviewed the role of two major PTMs, SUMOylation and phosphorylation, in the altered signaling of key players in HCC...
2018: Translational Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780645/sustained-regression-of-hydroxycarbamide-induced-actinic-keratoses-after-switching-to-anagrelide
#6
Georgios Gaitanis, Dora Gougopoulou, Eleni Kapsali, Ioannis D Bassukas
Hydroxycarbamide (HC) is the first-line treatment for certain myeloproliferative neoplasms, such as polycythemia vera and essential thrombocytosis (ET). In a subset of these patients long-term treatment with HC can result in the development of confluent actinic keratoses (AK) followed by invasive keratinocytic carcinomas ("squamous dysplasia"), preferentially on sun-exposed skin. Discontinuation or dose reduction of HC may result in partial improvement. A 59-year-old farmer after 14 years on HC (2 gr/d) and acetylsalicylic acid (100 mg/d) for ET, was referred for numerous, hyperkeratotic AK on face, scalp, and hands that could not be controlled with repeated ( N = 15) cryosurgery sessions in the previous 3 years...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779986/photodynamic-therapy-corrects-abnormal-cancer-associated-gene-expression-observed-in-actinic-keratosis-lesions-and-induces-a-remodeling-effect-in-photodamaged-skin
#7
Florence Joly, Sophie Deret, Bastien Gamboa, Corinne Menigot, Paul Fogel, Carine Mounier, Pascale Reiniche, Farzaneh Sidou, Jérome Aubert, John Lear, Anthony A Fryer, Francesca Zolezzi, Johannes J Voegel
BACKGROUND: Actinic keratoses (AK) are proliferations of neoplastic keratinocytes in the epidermis resulting from cumulative exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR), which are liable to transform into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Organ Transplant Recipients (OTR) have an increased risk of developing SCC as a consequence of long-term immunosuppressive therapy. The aim of this study was to determine the molecular signature of AKs from OTR prior to treatment with methyl aminolevulinate-photodynamic therapy (MAL-PDT), and to assess what impact the treatment has on promoting remodeling of the photo-damaged skin...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777920/modeling-and-manova-studies-on-toxicity-and-endocrine-potential-of-packaging-materials-exposed-to-different-extraction-schemes
#8
Natalia Szczepańska, Błażej Kudłak, Stefan Tsakovski, Galina Yotova, Miroslava Nedyalkova, Vasil Simeonov, Anna Dołęga, Jacek Namieśnik
The stability of the linings of packaging that is in contact with the goods stored has been of major concern during decades of the development of packaging materials. In this work, an attempt was undertaken to assess the applicability of using two bioassays (Microtox® and XenoScreen YES/YAS) in estimating the stability of packaging (cans, caps, multilayer material) and the impact of their degradation on the toxicity of some simulated media. The assessment of the impact of packaging storage conditions (temperature, disinfection, preservation, extracting and washing solvents) was planned and performed with i) regression modeling of the experimental effects on the ecotoxicity readings, ii) ANOVA and MANOVA estimation of the experimental conditions as significant factors affecting the toxicity results and iii) FTIR analysis of the packages...
May 16, 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765070/ecosystem-functions-including-soil-organic-carbon-total-nitrogen-and-available-potassium-are-crucial-for-vegetation-recovery
#9
Kaiyang Qiu, Yingzhong Xie, Dongmei Xu, Richard Pott
The effects of biodiversity on ecosystem functions have been extensively studied, but little is known about the effects of ecosystem functions on biodiversity. This knowledge is important for understanding biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships. Desertification reversal is a significant global challenge, but the factors that play key roles in this process remain unclear. Here, using data sampled from areas undergoing desertification reversal, we identify the dominant soil factors that play a role in vegetation recovery with ordinary least squares and structural equation modelling...
May 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765012/copolymer-based-multifunctional-conducting-polymer-film-for-fluorescence-sensing-of-glucose
#10
Rukiye Ayranci, Fatma Ozturk Kirbay, Dilek Odaci Demirkol, Metin Ak, Suna Timur
Simple, rapid and effective fluorescence sensing platform have been fabricated using fluorescent conducting polymer surface. For this purpose, a rhodamine based electroactive monomer (RDC) and a functional group containing monomer (SNS) have been copolymerized to develop a conducting polymer based sensor platform having a fluorescence and enzyme-binding surface on ITO electrode. The proposed fluorescence sensing mechanism for detection glucose is related to the consumption of dissolved oxygen at double layer of the electrode which is fluorescence quenching agent by glucose-GOx reaction...
May 16, 2018: Methods and Applications in Fluorescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754599/recent-advances-in-assessing-xenobiotics-migrating-from-packaging-material-a-review
#11
REVIEW
Natalia Szczepańska, Błażej Kudłak, Jacek Namieśnik
Migration of potentially toxic xenobiotics and their transformation products from packaging materials needs continuous monitoring efforts. This task requires utilizing both instrumental and biological methods as more and more novel materials reach market every year to serve consumers and reduce production costs. Unfortunately, these materials very often sneak past our legal regulations on their composition and emission of contaminants due to contact with the materials or products stored. For these reasons, more and more novel, holistic and multi-tier approaches must be elaborated to uncompromisingly assure safety of these materials to living creatures...
September 6, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753675/patient-radiation-exposure-in-transradial-versus-transfemoral-yttrium-90-radioembolization-a-retrospective-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#12
Joshua Loewenstern, Colton Welch, Safet Lekperic, Vivian Bishay, Mona Ranade, Rahul S Patel, Edward Kim, F Scott Nowakowski, Robert A Lookstein, Aaron M Fischman
PURPOSE: To compare differences in patient radiation exposure (PRE) during transarterial yttrium-90 (90 Y) radioembolization (TARE) between transradial access (TRA) and transfemoral access (TFA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 810 consecutive first-time TARE procedures in patients from 2013 to 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. A propensity score-matching (PSM) analysis matched TRA and TFA groups on the basis of patient age, sex, weight, height, cancer type, 90 Y microsphere type, and number of previous procedures from the same and opposite approaches...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752925/corrigendum-to-neuroprotective-effect-of-sirt2-specific-inhibitor-ak-7-against-acute-cerebral-ischemia-is-p38-activation-dependent-in-mice-neuroscience-374-2018-61-69
#13
Danhong Wu, Wenmei Lu, Zhenyu Wei, Ming Xu, Xueyuan Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752702/daylight-photodynamic-therapy-for-actinic-keratoses
#14
REVIEW
Colin A Morton, Lasse R Braathen
Topical photodynamic therapy (PDT) using daylight is effective in the treatment of actinic keratoses (AKs), offering the potential for treatment of large fields such as full face and balding scalp, but with minimal therapy-associated pain. Comparison with conventional PDT indicates similar efficacy for thin and moderate-thickness AKs, but with significantly less discomfort/pain, driving a patient preference for daylight-mediated PDT (DL-PDT) compared with conventional PDT using high-intensity office/hospital-based light sources...
May 11, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749834/enabling-personalized-medicine-in-europe-by-the-european-commission-s-funding-activities
#15
Elmar Nimmesgern, Irene Norstedt, Ruxandra Draghia-Akli
Personalized medicine (PM) is an emerging approach to prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care. It helps to address the challenge of the aging of the population, an increase in chronic disease and increasing healthcare costs. The EU is developing policies to move toward PM. This is underpinned by a sustained and significant investment starting in 2010. So far, a total of €3.2 billion has been invested in PM research across the medical innovation cycle 'from bench to bedside'. This investment has come from the research framework programs FP7 and Horizon 2020...
July 2017: Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744752/indocyanine-green-mediated-photobiomodulation-on-human-osteoblast-cells
#16
Gamze Bölükbaşı Ateş, Ayşe Ak, Bora Garipcan, Murat Gülsoy
Photobiomodulation (PBM) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) share similar mechanisms but have opposite aims. Increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the target tissue in response to light combined photosensitizer (PS) application may lead to cell proliferation or oxidative damage depending on the ROS amount. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the effect of indocyanine green (ICG)-mediated PBM on osteoblast cells by measuring cell viability, proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, mineralization, and gene expressions of three phenotypic osteoblast markers...
May 9, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743907/circulating-mirna-levels-differ-with-respect-to-carotid-plaque-characteristics-and-symptom-occurrence-in-patients-with-carotid-artery-stenosis-and-provide-information-on-future-cardiovascular-events
#17
Rafal Badacz, Tadeusz Przewłocki, Jacek Gacoń, Ewa Stępień, Francisco J Enguita, Izabela Karch, Krzysztof Żmudka, Anna Kabłak-Ziembicka
Introduction: Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) levels are potentially important biomarkers and therapeutic targets of cerebral ischemic event (CIE) in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS). Aim: This prospective study investigated associations between circulating miRNAs and symptomatic and asymptomatic ICAS, carotid plaque morphology and future cardiovascular events. Material and methods: Circulating miRNAs (miR-1-3p, miR-16-5p, miR-34a-5p, miR-124-3p, miR-133a-3p, miR-133b, miR-134-5p, miR-208b-3p, miR-375 and miR-499-5p) were analyzed in 92 consecutive patients with significant ICAS referred for revascularization...
2018: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739807/variation-in-hearing-within-a-wild-population-of-beluga-whales-delphinapterus-leuca-s
#18
T Aran Mooney, Manuel Castellote, Lori Quakenbush, Roderick Hobbs, Eric Gaglione, Caroline Goertz
Documenting hearing abilities is vital to understanding a species' acoustic ecology and for predicting the impacts of increasing anthropogenic noise. Cetaceans use sound for essential biological functions such as foraging, navigation and communication; hearing is considered to be their primary sensory modality. Yet, we know little regarding the hearing of most, if not all, cetacean populations, which limits our understanding of their sensory ecology, population level variability and the potential impacts of increasing anthropogenic noise...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738061/use-of-ultrasound-guided-supraclavicular-brachial-plexus-block-as-an-anesthesia-technique-in-a-patient-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-a-case-report
#19
Emine Aysu Şalvız, Emre Sertaç Bingül, Meltem Savran Karadeniz, Ömer Berköz, Erman Ak, Kamil Mehmet Tuğrul
Neurofibromatosis type 1 is an autosomal dominant condition characterized by cutaneous and/or plexiform neurofibromas and hyperpigmented café-au-lait spots. It affects multiple endocrine and visceral organs and can be associated with several difficulties such as potential airway (ventilation/intubation) problems, abnormal spinal anatomy, and peripheral neurofibromas. Therefore, anesthesia technique selection becomes more of an issue in terms of avoiding complications and decreasing morbidity and mortality...
April 2018: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737496/the-timing-of-rehabilitation-commencement-after-reconstruction-of-the-anterior-cruciate-ligament
#20
Marek Łyp, Iwona Stanisławska, Bożena Witek, Małgorzata Majerowska, Małgorzata Czarny-Działak, Ewa Włostowska
One of the most common injuries of the knee joint is a rupture of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Most authors believe that early rehabilitation of patients after ACL reconstruction promotes better treatment outcomes. Less is known about the influence of the time that passes from injury to surgical reconstruction. Therefore, the goal of this study was to assess the dependence of treatment outcomes of ACL on injury-to-reconstruction and reconstruction-to-rehabilitation time lags. The study included 30 patients of the mean age 34 ± 7 years with trauma-related rupture of ACL and its surgical reconstruction...
May 9, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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