keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Liver anesthesia

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920414/morbidity-and-mortality-and-predictors-of-outcome-following-hepatectomy-at-a-saudi-tertiary-care-center
#1
Faisal Al-Alem, Rafif Essam Mattar, Ola Abdelmonem Fadl, Abdulsalam Alsharabi, Faisal Al-Saif, Mazen Hassanain
BACKGROUND: Hepatic resection is a major surgical procedure. Data on outcomes of hepatectomy in Saudi Arabia are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To measure morbidity and mortality and assess predictors of outcome after hepatectomy. DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Tertiary care center in Saudi Arabia with well established hepatobiliary surgery unit. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients undergoing liver resection in our institute during 2006-2014...
November 2016: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910802/near-infrared-spectroscopy-evaluated-cerebral-oxygenation-during-anesthesia
#2
Henrik Sørensen
Likely, maintained organ and notably cerebral perfusion, secures rapid recovery following anesthesia. To secure cerebral blood flow (CBF) at least mean arterial pressure (MAP) and the arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2) need to be considered. CBF is "autoregulated", i.e. stays more or less stable within a MAP of 50-150 mmHg, but the lower limit appears to depend on the central blood volume and/or cardiac output, illustrated by a decrease in CBF at a MAP of 80 mmHg with a compromised central blood volume, while CBF remains constant with a MAP < 40 mmHg, if the central blood volume is maintained...
December 2016: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884494/consensus-conference-on-tips-management-techniques-indications-contraindications
#3
Stefano Fagiuoli, Raffaele Bruno, Wilma Debernardi Venon, Filippo Schepis, Francesco Vizzutti, Pierluigi Toniutto, Marco Senzolo, Paolo Caraceni, Francesco Salerno, Paolo Angeli, Roberto Cioni, Alessandro Vitale, Maurizio Grosso, Andrea De Gasperi, Gennaro D'Amico, Alfredo Marzano
The trans jugular intrahepatic Porto systemic shunt (TIPS) is no longer viewed as a salvage therapy or a bridge to liver transplantation and is currently indicated for a number of conditions related to portal hypertension with positive results in survival. Moreover, the availability of self-expandable polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered endoprostheses has dramatically improved the long-term patency of TIPS. However, since the last updated International guidelines have been published (year 2009) new evidence have come, which have open the field to new indications and solved areas of uncertainty...
October 29, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871602/hepatotoxicity-due-to-red-bush-tea-consumption-a-case-report
#4
Shamantha Reddy, Pragnyadipta Mishra, Sana Qureshi, Singh Nair, Tracey Straker
Many conventional drugs used today, including isoniazid, dapsone, and acetaminophen, are well recognized culprits of hepatotoxicity. With increasing use of complementary and alternative medical therapies, several herbal medicines, such as Ma-Huang, kava, and chaparral leaf, have been implicated as hepatotoxins. Hepatotoxicity may be the most frequent adverse reaction to these herbal remedies when taken in excessive quantities. A myriad of liver dysfunctions may occur including transient liver enzyme abnormalities due to acute and chronic hepatitis...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861607/transient-elastography-based-liver-stiffness-age-dependently-increases-in-children
#5
Daisuke Tokuhara, Yuki Cho, Haruo Shintaku
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pediatric use of liver transient elastography (TE) is attractive for its non-invasiveness, but reference values have not been established. We aimed to determine reference values for TE in children. METHODS: In pediatric patients (1 to 18 years), TE (FibroScan®) with an M probe was used for both liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and measurement of hepatic fat deposition by using a controlled attenuation parameter (CAP). The patients were divided into three relevant age groups: preschoolers (1 to 5 years), elementary school children (6 to 11 years), and adolescents (12 to 18 years)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854207/long-term-oral-dantrolene-improved-muscular-symptoms-in-a-malignant-hyperthermia-susceptible-individual
#6
Brian N Butala, Audry Kang, Jasmeen Guron, Barbara W Brandom
This case report describes a female with p.Lys4876Arg amino acid change in the ryanodine receptor type 1 (RYR1) and a sibling who died of malignant hyperthermia (MH) during anesthesia. After her diagnosis as MH susceptible, this patient was administered low-dose dantrolene daily for greater than 25 years for treatment of chronic muscle spasm and pain in her lower extremities and back limiting sleep. Her creatine phosphokinase (CPK) was as high as 2390 IU/L during labor and 900 IU at rest. With 25 mg dantrolene daily, muscle cramps were eliminated, and sleep was improved...
March 3, 2016: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852811/adrenal-function-in-cats-with-cholestatic-liver-disease
#7
Faith I Buckley, Orla Mahony, Cynthia R L Webster
Cats with cholestatic liver disease experience significant morbidity and mortality when they undergo invasive procedures under anesthesia. Although inadequate adrenal response might account for these outcomes, adrenal function in cats with cholestatic liver disease has not been documented, to our knowledge. The goal of our study was to describe adrenal function in these cats. Twenty-seven cats with a serum bilirubin >230 µmol/L (3 mg/dL) and serum alanine aminotransferase >2 times the upper limit of normal had pre- and 60-min post-adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) cortisol analysis after administration of 5 µg/kg cosyntropin intravenously...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837084/intraoperative-diagnosis-of-intracardiac-thrombus-during-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-with-transesophageal-echocardiography-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#8
Adam A Dalia, Hisham Khan, Antolin S Flores
Anesthesia for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is challenging for any anesthesiologist as the patients undergoing this procedure are among the most critically ill. Adding to the underlying complexity of OLT management is the rare complication of an intracardiac thrombus (ICT). Intracardiac thrombi can present following liver allograft reperfusion resulting in high morbidity and mortality. Currently there is no consensus treatment for ICT, and the gold standard for diagnosis is intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE); these 2 factors lead to a dangerous amalgam of the difficulty in diagnosing and treating the disease...
November 10, 2016: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833495/postoperative-pain-management-of-liver-transplantation-in-cystic-fibrosis-is-it-time-to-start-us-guided-neuraxial-blocks
#9
M Piazza, G Martucci, A Arcadipane
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common life-limiting genetic disease in Caucasians. Declining lung function is the principal cause of death, but liver involvement can lead to the need for liver transplantation. General anesthesia has detrimental effects on pulmonary function, increasing perioperative morbidity and mortality in CF patients. Regional anesthetic techniques improve outcomes by reducing anesthetic drugs and administration of opioids, and hastening extubation, awakening, and restarting respiratory of physiotherapy...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822212/systemic-hmgb1-neutralization-prevents-postoperative-neurocognitive-dysfunction-in-aged-rats
#10
Niccolò Terrando, Ting Yang, Xueqin Wang, Jiakai Fang, Mengya Cao, Ulf Andersson, Harris Helena Erlandsson, Wen Ouyang, Jianbin Tong
Postoperative neurocognitive disorders are common complications in elderly patients following surgery or critical illness. High mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) is rapidly released after tissue trauma and critically involved in response to sterile injury. Herein, we assessed the role of HMGB1 after liver surgery in aged rats and explored the therapeutic potential of a neutralizing anti-HMGB1 monoclonal antibody in a clinically relevant model of postoperative neurocognitive disorders. Nineteen to twenty-two months Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned as: (1) control with saline; (2) surgery, a partial hepatolobectomy under sevoflurane anesthesia and analgesia, + immunoglobulin G as control antibody; (3) surgery + anti-HMGB1...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817782/-recurrent-fever-hepatosplenomegaly-and-eosinophilia-in-a-boy
#11
Dan Liu, Li-Li Zhong, Yun Li, Min Chen
A 2-year-old boy was admitted into the hospital because of cough and fever. Lymph node tuberculosis was noted when he was 2 months old and he was subsequently hospitalized several times because of cough and fever. After hospitalization the laboratory examination showed an increased eosinophia level in blood. The immune function tests shows decreased levels of IgG, IgA, and IgM. The patient had no response to anti-tuberculosis, anti-bacterial, and anti-fungal treatment, resulting in recurrent fever and progressive enlargement of the liver and spleen...
November 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816135/anesthesia-for-patients-with-concomitant-hepatic-and-pulmonary-dysfunction
#12
REVIEW
Geraldine C Diaz, Michael F O'Connor, John F Renz
Hepatic function and pulmonary function are interrelated with failure of one organ system affecting the other. With improved therapies, patients with concomitant hepatic and pulmonary failure increasingly enjoy a good quality of life and life expectancy. Therefore, the prevalence of such patients is increasing with more presenting for both emergent and elective surgical procedures. Hypoxemia requires a thorough evaluation in patients with end-stage liver disease. The most common etiologies respond to appropriate therapy...
December 2016: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816131/anesthesia-patients-with-concomitant-cardiac-and-hepatic-dysfunction
#13
REVIEW
Julianne Ahdout, Michael Nurok
Anesthesia and surgery in patients with hepatic and cardiac dysfunction poses a challenge for anesthesiologists. It is imperative to optimize these patients perioperatively. Cirrhosis is associated with a wide range of cardiovascular abnormalities. Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is characterized by blunted contractile responsiveness or systolic incompetence, and/or diastolic dysfunction. In liver disease, anesthetic drug distribution, metabolism, and elimination may be altered. Among patients with liver disease, propofol is a reasonable anesthetic choice and cisatracurium is the preferred neuromuscular blocker...
December 2016: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802272/isoflurane-and-sevoflurane-induce-severe-hepatic-insulin-resistance-in-a-canine-model
#14
Stella P Kim, Josiane L Broussard, Cathryn M Kolka
INTRODUCTION: Anesthesia induces insulin resistance, which may contribute to elevated blood glucose and adverse post-operative outcomes in critically ill patients, and impair glycemic control in surgical patients with diabetes. However, little is known about the mechanisms by which anesthesia impairs insulin sensitivity. Here we investigate the effects of anesthesia on insulin sensitivity in metabolic tissues. METHODS: Hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamps were performed in 32 lean (control diet; n = 16 conscious versus n = 16 anesthetized) and 24 fat-fed (6 weeks fat-feeding; n = 16 conscious versus n = 8 anesthetized) adult male mongrel dogs in conjunction with tracer methodology to differentiate hepatic versus peripheral insulin sensitivity...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793243/anesthesia-in-pregnant-women-with-hellp-syndrome-case-report
#15
Eduardo Barbin Zuccolotto, Eugenio Pagnussatt Neto, Glínia Cavalcante Nogueira, José Roberto Nociti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: HELLP syndrome, characterized by hemolysis, high levels of liver enzyme, and low platelet count, is an advanced clinical stage of pre-eclampsia, progressing to high maternal (24%) and perinatal (up 40%) mortality, despite childbirth care in a timely manner. The goal is to describe the anesthetic management of a case with indication to emergency cesarean. CASE REPORT: Female patient, 36 years old, gestational age of 24 weeks, with hypertensive crisis (BP 180/100mmHg) and severe headache, was admitted to the operating room for a cesarean section after diagnosis of HELLP syndrome...
November 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788811/effects-of-intraoperative-magnesium-sulfate-administration-on-postoperative-tramadol-requirement-in-liver-transplantation-a-prospective-double-blind-study
#16
B Gucyetmez, H K Atalan, S Aslan, S Yazar, K Y Polat
BACKGROUND: Magnesium is an N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor blocker and is known to have analgesic effect. Hypomagnesemia can often be seen in liver transplantation and may be associated with higher morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of intraoperative magnesium sulfate administration on postoperative tramadol requirement in liver transplant patients. METHODS: Liver transplant patients >18 years of age were screened prospectively from October 2014 to April 2015...
October 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766594/prospective-survey-to-study-factors-which-could-influence-same-day-discharge-after-elective-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-a-developing-country
#17
Samina Ismail, Aliya Ahmed, Muhammad Qamarul Hoda, Muhammad Sohaib, Zia-Ur-Rehman
All laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) patients in our hospital setting are admitted overnight. This article assesses the contribution of factors like postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), postoperative pain and surgical complications to overnight stay after elective LC. This 1-year observational study included patients having normal liver functions undergoing elective LC before 1400 h. The collected data included patient demographics, co-morbidities, PONV, pain scores, complications, surgical time, anesthesia technique, use of prophylactic antiemetics, analgesics, patient satisfaction and desire to have this surgery as day case or in-patient procedure...
October 20, 2016: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761072/sambar-an-indian-dish-prevents-the-development-of-dimethyl-hydrazine-induced-colon-cancer-a-preclinical-study
#18
Vutturu Ganga Prasad, Neetinkumar Reddy, Albi Francis, Pawan G Nayak, Anoop Kishore, Krishnadas Nandakumar, Mallikarjuna C Rao, Rekha Shenoy
BACKGROUND: Colon cancer (CC) is the third commonly diagnosed cancer and the second leading cause of mortality in the US when compared to India where prevalence is less. Possible reason could be the vegetarian diet comprising spices used in curry powders. Researchers believe that 70% of the cases are associated with diet. Spices have inherited a rich tradition for their flavor and medicinal properties. Researchers have been oriented towards spices present in food items for their antitumorigenic properties...
July 2016: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756373/dieulafoy-lesion-in-a-two-year-old-boy-a-case-report
#19
Takaki Emura, Kenji Hosoda, Shota Harai, Noboru Oyachi, Takeyuki Suzuki, Ken Takada, Koji Kobayashi, Hisatake Ikeda
BACKGROUND: Massive gastrointestinal bleeding in children, mostly caused by esophageal varices secondary to chronic liver disease, is uncommon. Dieulafoy lesion in the gastrointestinal tract is a rare but important cause of gastrointestinal bleeding; massive bleeding from this lesion can be fatal unless adequate treatment is promptly initiated. We report a case of gastric Dieulafoy lesion in a 2-year old successfully treated with endoscopic hemoclipping. CASE PRESENTATION: A 2-year-old Japanese boy was admitted to our department with sudden massive hematemesis...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756208/effect-of-the-severity-of-liver-dysfunction-on-the-minimum-alveolar-concentration-of-sevoflurane-responding-to-an-electronic-stimulation-in-cirrhotic-patients
#20
Yan Yin, Hong Xiao, Jirimutuya Han, Weiyi Zhang, Jianguo Cheng, Tao Zhu
BACKGROUND: It has been observed that patients with liver dysfunction need lower dose anesthetic compared patients with normal liver function. The minimum amount of volatile anesthetic to achieve an optimal depth of anesthesia for these patients is still unclear. In this study, Minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of the sevoflurane was determined using an electric stimulation and the effect of severity of liver dysfunction on the MAC was observed in cirrhotic patients. METHODS: Thirty patients undergoing upper abdominal surgery were divided into the following groups: group N (normal liver function), group A (Child-Pugh grade A) and group B (Child-Pugh grade B-C)...
October 18, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
keyword
keyword
28530
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"