Read by QxMD icon Read


Burçin Şanlidag, Ceyhun Balkan, Nerin Bahçeciler
Kawasaki Disease (KD) is a systemic autoimmune vasculitis that affects small and medium sized vessels. Main complication of Kawasaki Disease is coronary artery aneurism, which has higher risk in case of delayed diagnosis and treatment. Although, complete and incomplete KD cases in different types of immune deficiency diseases have been presented up to date, clinical course of KD in patients with hypogammaglobulinemia (HG) has not been reported. Herein, a case diagnosed as incomplete KD in a child with transient HG of infancy has been reported...
April 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Neeraj Kumar, Kishore Kumar Krishnani, Sanjay Kumar Gupta, Narendra Pratap Singh
Nanotechnology is a novel arena with promising applications in the field of medicine, industry, and agriculture including fisheries. Cross-disciplinary interactions and the application of this technology in biological systems have led to the innovation of novel nanoparticle antioxidants, which are the subject of our study. In context with above background, we designed an experiment on nano-silver to elucidate its role for mitigation of abiotic and biotic stress. Three diets were formulated viz. silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) incorporated at 0...
March 14, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Hongsik Cho, Byoung Ju Kim, Sang-Hyug Park, Karen A Hasty, Byoung-Hyun Min
Background: Early stage osteoarthritis (OA) is clinically asymptomatic due to the avascular and the aneural nature of the cartilage tissue. Nevertheless, early detection of cartilage tissue is critical in order to impede the progression of OA. Hence, in order to develop effective preventive therapy for OA, diagnosis in the early stages is necessary. Methods: To achieve this goal, we have developed targeted, fluorescent nanosomes conjugated with monoclonal anti-type II collagen antibodies (MabCII) for diagnosis of early OA...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
A M CHernyavskiy, D V Doronin, D S Khvan, S A Alsov, D A Sirota, M M Lyashchenko, V I Safina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Kardiologiia
Grace McMacken, Dan Cox, Andreas Roos, Juliane Müller, Roger Whittaker, Hanns Lochmüller
Inherited defects of the neuromuscular junction (NMJ) comprise an increasingly diverse range of disorders, termed congenital myasthenic syndromes (CMS). Therapies acting on the sympathetic nervous system, including the selective β2 adrenergic agonist salbutamol and the α and β adrenergic agonist ephedrine, have become standard treatment for several types of CMS. However, the mechanism of the therapeutic effect of sympathomimetics in these disorders is not understood. Here, we examined the effect of salbutamol on NMJ development using zebrafish with deficiency of the key postsynaptic proteins Dok-7 and MuSK...
February 16, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
Sabrina Bressieux-Degueldre, Damien Schaffner, Michaël Hofer, Nicole Sekarski, Federica Vanoni
The cause of Kawasaki disease (KD) is still unknown, but an infectious origin and genetic susceptibility have been suggested. The American Heart Association has changed the guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of KD in 2017. One goal is to better identify patients most at risk, particularly young children with « incomplete » KD. In case of intravenous immunoglobulin resistance, alternative treatments to the traditional use of corticosteroids, such as TNF-alpha inhibitors have been proposed. For all patients with coronary aneurisms, regular assessment of myocardial perfusion is recommended, either with stress echocardiography, MRI, scintigraphy or PET-scan...
February 14, 2018: Revue Médicale Suisse
E Gallitto, M Gargiulo, G Faggioli, A Sonetto, C Mascoli, R Pini, M Abualhin, A Stella
PURPOSE: To describe an endovascular technique to close a renal artery fenestration during fenestrated endograft implant for a para-renal aneurysm (p-AAA) without interfering with other visceral vessels REPORT: A 76-year-old-male with p-AAA underwent repair by a four fenestrations custom-made endograft. At the intra-procedural angiography, the right renal artery was occluded. In order to avoid a high-flow endoleak from fenestration, we performed the following technique: a 9F-steerable sheath was used to advance a 7F-sheath through the fenestration into aneurism...
February 5, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Gábor Holló
Both exfoliation syndrome (XFS) and exfoliation glaucoma (XFG) are associated with systemic vascular diseases and abnormalities. Though no uniform relationship between XFS/XFG and clinical systemic vascular diseases has been established across various populations, vascular dysfunction with or without clinically significant consequences has been repeatedly detected with both epidemiological and pathophysiological methods. Elevated plasma homocysteine, reduced cutaneous capillary flow reactions, damaged conduit artery dysfunction, impaired baroreflex sensitivity, parasympathetic cardiovascular neuropathy, and pathological heart rate variability indices have all been shown in XFS and XFG...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
Dongcheng Zhang, James M Osborne, Kwaku Dad Abu-Bonsrah, Bevan L Cheeseman, Kerry A Landman, Boaz Jurkowicz, Donald F Newgreen
We quantified cell population increase in the quail embryo enteric nervous system (ENS) from E2.5 (about 1500 cells) to E12 (about 8 million cells). We then probed ENS proliferative capacity by grafting to the chorio-allantoic membrane large (600 cells) and small (40 cells) populations of enteric neural crest (ENC) cells with aneural gut. This demonstrated that ENC cells show an extremely high capacity to regulate their proliferation while forming the ENS. Previous mathematical models and clonal label experiments revealed that a few dominant ENS "superstar" cell clones emerge but most clones are small...
January 29, 2018: Developmental Biology
Kamran Ahmadov, Catherine A Beigelman, Matthias Kirsch
A rare case of Scimitar Syndrome with an abnormal drainage of the right lower pulmonary vein into the right superior pulmonary vein associated with aortic root aneurism and bicuspid aortic valve is reported.
January 23, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Willi Halfter, Suzette Moes, Daphne O Asgeirsson, Kathrin Halfter, Philipp Oertle, Esther Melo Herraiz, Marija Plodinec, Paul Jenoe, Paul Bernhard Henrich
Basement membranes (BMs) are specialized sheets of extracellular matrix that outline epithelial cell layers, muscle fibers, blood vessels, and peripheral nerves. A well-documented histological hallmark of progressing diabetes is a major increase in vascular BM thickness. In order to investigate whether this structural change is accompanied by a change in the protein composition, we compared the proteomes of retinal vascular BMs from diabetic and non-diabetic donors by using LC-MS/MS. Data analysis showed that seventeen extracellular matrix (ECM)-associated proteins were more abundant in diabetic than non-diabetic vascular BMs...
2017: PloS One
Senol Tonyali, Artan Koni, Sertac Yazici, Cenk Y Bilen
PURPOSE: To compare the effectiveness of TachoSil and Floseal during laparoscopic nephron-sparing surgery (LNSS), and to evaluate postoperative complications, especially hemorrhage and urinary leakage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of all patients that underwent LNSS for a small renal mass (SRM) performed by the same experienced surgeon were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the following 3 groups, based on hemostatic agent: group 1: no adjuvant hemostatic agent (no AHA); group 2: TachoSil; group 3: Floseal...
January 23, 2017: Urology Journal
John R Hess, Patrick J Ramos, Nina E Sen, Virginia G Cruz-Cody, Erin E Tuott, Max J Louzon, Eileen M Bulger, Saman Arbabi, Monica B Pagano, Ryan A Metcalf
BACKGROUND: Massive transfusion is a response to massive uncontrolled hemorrhage. To be effective, it must be timely and address the patient's needs for blood volume, oxygen transport, and hemostasis. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A review was performed on all activations of the massive transfusion protocol (MTP) in a hospital with large emergency medicine, trauma, and vascular surgery programs. Indications, transfused amounts, and outcomes were determined for each MTP event to determine appropriateness of MTP use...
February 2018: Transfusion
Laura Bravo-Merino, Noelia González-Lozano, Ruth Maroto-Salmón, Gloria Meijide-Santos, Patricio Suárez-Gil, Ana Fañanás-Mastral
OBJECTIVE: To determine the usefulness of ultrasound examination in Primary Care (PC) for the detection of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in male patients from 65-75 years old, as well as the consistency between observers on the diagnosis between general practitioners and the reference specialty in this area, Vascular Surgery. To estimate the prevalence of AAA in that population and its association with risk factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. LOCATION: Healthcare Centres of Coto and Calzada II (Gijón, Spain)...
December 7, 2017: Atencion Primaria
P Fallahi, G Elia, R Foddis, A Cristaudo, A Antonelli
Scientific literature suggests a relationship between military occupation and the development of brain tumors, but no italian study has investigated on the impact of this job on the brain cancer morbidity. In this a study information were obtained from patients recruited in the Neurosurgical Department of the University-Hospital of Pisa, Italy, from 1990 to 1999. The study has been conducted as a case-control study. 161, newly diagnosed cases of brain tumors (glioma and meningiomas, histologically confirmed), were recruited, such as 483 controls (with other non tumoral neurologic diseases: trauma, hemorrhagic brain disorders, aneurism, etc), by matching cases and controls (1:3), for age (± 5 years) and gender...
November 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
Kevin Álvarez, López Jordi, Hernández Jose Angel
Vascular Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS IV) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by an alteration in the COL3A1 gene which encodes type III collagen. It is the most common type of collagen in vessels of medium size and certain organs such as the intestines and the uterus. The alteration of this type of collagen produces aneurisms and ruptures of vessels and organs. A high level of clinical suspicion is required for diagnosis. It is a complex disease whose management requires a multidisciplinary team to treat the different complications that may occur...
October 16, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
Rashid Alijani Ardeshir, Hossein Zolgharnein, Abdolali Movahedinia, Negin Salamat, Ebrahim Zabihi
Fipronil is an effective insecticide widely used in agriculture with potential ecotoxicological consequences. The median lethal dose (LD50) and concentration (LC50) of fipronil in 16.3 g Caspian white fish, Rutilus frisii kutum fingerlings were determined. To determine the LD50, a total of 133 fish were assigned to 19 tanks (7 fish/tank) including one control and 6 treatment groups (300, 450, 550, 650, 750, 850 mg/kg). Fish were injected intraperitoneally and monitored at 96 h. The LD50 of fipronil was 632 mg/kg suggesting it was slightly toxic to the Caspian white fish...
2017: Toxicology Reports
Roberto Adovasio, Stefano Chiarandini, Cristiano Calvagna, Mario D'Oria, Francesca Zamolo, Marco Damiano Pipitone, Giada Sgorlon
BACKGROUND: We sought to evaluate the midterm results of parallel-graft-endovascular aneurysm repair (pg-EVAR) for complex aortic anatomy in high-risk candidates for open surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurism (AAA). METHODS: Clinical and radiographic information on 35 patients treated by pg-EVAR between March 2010 and December 2015 was retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. All patients presented with symptomatic aneurysms and were treated within 3 days of clinical presentation...
September 22, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Rie Yako, Hiroyuki Matsumoto, Osamu Masuo, Naoyuki Nakao
BACKGROUND AND IMPORTANCE: Stent-assisted coil embolization has been established as a treatment option for wide-necked or complex aneurysms. However, concerns have been raised about the incidence of thromboembolic complications, which is higher for coil embolization without stent assistance. Long-term antiplatelet therapy is necessary to prevent acute or delayed ischemic events potentially associated with incomplete stent apposition after treatment with stent-assisted coil embolization...
April 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
Feifei Zhou, Xianzhu Zhang, Dandan Cai, Jun Li, Qin Mu, Wei Zhang, Shouan Zhu, Yangzi Jiang, Weiliang Shen, Shufang Zhang, Hong Wei Ouyang
The demand of favorable scaffolds has increased for the emerging cartilage tissue engineering. Chondroitin sulfate (CS) and silk fibroin have been investigated and reported with safety and excellent biocompatibility as tissue engineering scaffolds. However, the rapid degradation rate of pure CS scaffolds presents a challenge to effectively recreate neo-tissue similar to natural articular cartilage. Meanwhile the silk fibroin is well used as a structural constituent material because its remarkable mechanical properties, long-lasting in vivo stability and hypoimmunity...
November 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"