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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732046/qualitative-differences-in-cellular-immunogenicity-elicited-by-hepatitis-c-virus-t-cell-vaccines-employing-prime-boost-regimens
#1
Wendy G Tan, Iryna Zubkova, Alla Kachko, Frances Wells, Heiko Adler, Gerd Sutter, Marian E Major
T-cell based vaccines have been considered as attractive candidates for prevention of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections. In this study we compared the magnitude and phenotypic characteristics of CD8+ T-cells induced by three commonly used viral vectors, Adenovirus-5 (Ad5), Vaccinia virus (VV) and Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA) expressing the HCV NS3/4A protein. C57/BL6 mice were primed with DNA expressing NS3/4A and boosted with each of the viral vectors in individual groups of mice. We then tracked the vaccine-induced CD8+ T-cell responses using pentamer binding and cytokine production analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729431/sandostatin-lar-therapy-differentially-alters-68-ga-dotatate-uptake-in-normal-tissues-compared-to-primary-tumors-and-metastatic-lesions
#2
Narjess Ayati, Sze Ting Lee, Seyed Rasoul Zakavi, Kunthi Pathmaraj, Loai Qatawneh, Aurora Poon, Andrew Scott
Synthetic somatostatin analogs have been posed as a potential source of error in somatostatin receptor imaging by interfering with tumor detection; however, experimental models and clinical studies have shown a complex mechanism of octreotide effect on tumors. This study aimed to assess whether (68)Ga-DOTATATE uptake differs before and after treatment with long-acting somatostatin analogs. Methods: Thirty patients with intermediate to well differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NET) who underwent (68)Ga-DOTATATE Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography (PET/CT) scanning before and after receiving long-acting repeatable (LAR) Sandostatin were included in the study...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729400/vessel-targeted-chemophototherapy-with-cationic-porphyrin-phospholipid-liposomes
#3
Dandan Luo, Jumin Geng, Nasi Li, Kevin A Carter, Shuai Shao, G Ekin Atilla-Gokcumen, Jonathan F Lovell
Cationic liposomes have been used for targeted drug delivery to tumor blood vessels, via mechanisms that are not fully elucidated. Doxorubicin (Dox)-loaded liposomes were prepared that incorporate a cationic lipid; 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP), along with a small amount of porphyrin-phospholipid (PoP). Near infrared (NIR) light induced release of entrapped Dox via PoP-mediated DOTAP photo-oxidation. The formulation was optimized to enable extremely rapid NIR light-triggered Dox release (i...
July 20, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729049/quantification-of-metastatic-load-in-a-syngeneic-murine-model-of-metastasis
#4
Luke J Taus, Roberto E Flores, Thomas N Seyfried
Bioluminescence imaging (BLI) is an established method for evaluating metastatic load in preclinical cancer models; however, BLI can produce observational error due to differences in substrate concentration and signal depth. In our syngeneic murine model of metastasis (VM-M3), we used a quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) method of DNA quantification to bypass these limitations. Liver, spleen, and brain from VM/Dk (VM) mice bearing VM-M3 tumor cells were first imaged ex vivo with BLI. qPCR quantification of tumor cell DNA was then performed on DNA extracted from these organs...
July 17, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727766/clinical-implications-of-the-novel-cytokine-il-38-expressed-in-lung-adenocarcinoma-possible-association-with-pd-l1-expression
#5
Kazuki Takada, Tatsuro Okamoto, Masaki Tominaga, Koji Teraishi, Takaki Akamine, Shinkichi Takamori, Masakazu Katsura, Gouji Toyokawa, Fumihiro Shoji, Masaki Okamoto, Yoshinao Oda, Tomoaki Hoshino, Yoshihiko Maehara
Interleukin (IL)-38, a novel member of the IL-1 cytokine family, is homologous to IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) and IL-36Ra, and has been reported to act as an antagonist. IL-38 expression is found in tonsil, placenta, and spleen, and recent studies suggest an association between IL-38 and autoimmune diseases. However, whether IL-38 plays a role in carcinogenesis or cancer growth is unclear. In the present study, we identified increases in IL-38 expression by immunohistochemistry in multiple types of cancer cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725969/mastocytosis-from-a-molecular-point-of-view
#6
REVIEW
Daniel Elieh Ali Komi, Todd Rambasek, Stefan Wöhrl
Mast cells (MCs) are physiologically activated by binding of stem cell factor (SCF) to the extracellular domains of the Kit receptor. This binding increases the proliferation and prolongs the survival of normal mature MCs, as well as intensifies the release of mediators. In mastocytosis, somatic mutations of the coding Kit gene cause autocrine dysregulation and lead to constitutive KIT activation even in the absence of its ligand SCF. Clinical symptoms are caused by MC-mediator release and/or infiltration of MCs into tissues...
July 19, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723778/thoracic-splenosis-mimicking-a-pleuropneumonia-a-case-report
#7
Aurélie Baldolli, Solène Coeuret, Vincent Le Pennec, Denis Agostini, Renaud Verdon
RATIONALE: Splenosis is the development of one or more heterotopic splenic tissue autoimplants following rupture of the spleen and remains mostly asymptomatic. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a case of a 50-year old post-traumatic splenectomized man admitted for a left side community acquired pneumonia resistant to antibiotics. DIAGNOSES: The diagnosis of intrathoracic ectopic spleen was suspected because of the history of spleen trauma with diaphragm rupture and the absence of Howell-Jolly bodies...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721684/pharmacokinetics-microscale-distribution-and-dosimetry-of-alpha-emitter-labeled-anti-pd-l1-antibodies-in-an-immune-competent-transgenic-breast-cancer-model
#8
Jessie R Nedrow, Anders Josefsson, Sunju Park, Tom Bäck, Robert F Hobbs, Cory Brayton, Frank Bruchertseifer, Alfred Morgenstern, George Sgouros
BACKGROUND: Studies combining immune checkpoint inhibitors with external beam radiation have shown a therapeutic advantage over each modality alone. The purpose of these works is to evaluate the potential of targeted delivery of high LET radiation to the tumor microenvironment via an immune checkpoint inhibitor. METHODS: The impact of protein concentration on the distribution of (111)In-DTPA-anti-PD-L1-BC, an (111)In-antibody conjugate targeted to PD-L1, was evaluated in an immunocompetent mouse model of breast cancer...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720900/low-frequency-ultrasound-induced-vegf-suppression-and-synergy-with-dendritic-cell-mediated-anti-tumor-immunity-in-murine-prostate-cancer-cells-in-vitro
#9
Wei Zhang, Wen-De Shou, Yan-Jun Xu, Wen-Kun Bai, Bing Hu
High tumor vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels are associated with poor treatment outcomes in prostate cancer (PCa), and immune deficiency in the PCa microenvironment, especially suppression of dendritic cell (DC) proliferation, has been confirmed. In this study, we (1) investigated whether VEGF participates in DC suppression in murine PCa cells (RM-1), (2) down-regulated VEGF expression using low-frequency ultrasound and microbubbles (UM), and (3) further explored any synergistic effect on immunological activation...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718696/tumor-induced-disorder-of-iron-metabolism-in-major-organs-a-new-insight-from-chemical-speciation-of-iron
#10
Rujie Chen, Guangcun Chen
Objective To investigate the evolution of iron speciation in major organs of tumor-bearing mice and its role in cancer formation and cancer-associated complications. Methods The concentration and chemical speciation of iron in the spleen, liver, lung, kidney, heart, blood, muscle, and tumor tissue of healthy mice and tumor-bearing mice were studied by synchrotron radiation-based total reflection X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (SR-TXRF) coupled with X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). Results The TXRF and XAS results showed that the iron content, especially the ferritin content, significantly decreased in the blood and spleen but significantly increased in the liver, lung, and muscle of mice after tumor implantation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716751/rehmannia-glutinosa-polysaccharide-induced-an-anti-cancer-effect-by-activating-natural-killer-cells
#11
Li Xu, Wei Zhang, Ling Zeng, Jun-O Jin
Rehmannia glutinosa polysaccharide (RGP) has exhibited an immune stimulatory effect, such as dendritic cell activation, but it has not been studied in terms of the activation capacity of natural killer (NK) cells in mice in vivo. In this study, we examined the effect of RGP on the proliferation and activation of NK cells in the spleen, mesenteric lymph node (mLN), and blood in vivo and compared that function with that of Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide. The administration of RGP to C57BL/6 mice induced the increase in circulating blood NK cell numbers and in the proliferation of NK cells in the spleen, mLN, and blood...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712392/-protection-of-rho-associated-protein-kinase-inhibitor-y-27632-in-mrl-lpr-mice
#12
Yuanyuan Wang, Xiaoyun Jia, Qiyi Wang, Ming Ye, Yang Lu, Jiajia Zhang, Sheng Chen, Yanglei Li, Junying Wu, Changhao Xie
Objective To investigate the immunological effect of Rho-associated protein kinase inhibitor Y-27632 on MRL/lpr mice and explore its underlying mechanisms. Methods The study collected 10 wild-type C57BL/6 mice as normal controls and 20 MRL/lpr mice that were randomly assigned to MRL/lpr group and 5 mg/kg Y-27632-treated MRL/lpr group, with 10 mice in each group. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), methane dicarboxylic aldehyde (MDA), interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-1β and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) in the serum or spleen were detected by ELISA...
July 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709149/uptake-of-psma-ligands-in-normal-tissues-is-dependent-on-tumor-load-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer
#13
Florian C Gaertner, Khalil Halabi, Hojjat Ahmadzadehfar, Stefan Kürpig, Elisabeth Eppard, Charalambos Kotsikopoulos, Nikolaos Liakos, Ralph A Bundschuh, Holger Strunk, Markus Essler
Radioligand therapy (RLT) with Lu-177-labeled PSMA-ligands is a new therapy option for prostate cancer. Biodistribution in normal tissues is of interest for therapy planning. We evaluated if the biodistribution of Ga-68-PSMA-11 is influenced by tumor load. RESULTS: In patients with high tumor load, SUVmean was reduced to 61.5% in the lacrimal glands, to 56.6% in the parotid glands, to 63.7% in the submandibular glands, to 61.3% in the sublingual glands and to 55.4% in the kidneys (p < 0...
July 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708902/factors-associated-with-contralateral-liver-hypertrophy-after-unilateral-radioembolization-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
Juliane Goebel, Maximilian Sulke, Andrea Lazik-Palm, Thomas Goebel, Alexander Dechêne, Alexander Bellendorf, Stefan Mueller, Lale Umutlu, Jens Theysohn
INTRODUCTION: Radioembolization for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) induces liver volume changes referred to as "atrophy-hypertrophy complex". The aim of this study was to investigate lobar liver volume changes after unilateral radioembolization and to search for factors associated with hypertrophy of the untreated lobe. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five patients were retrospectively evaluated. Inclusion criteria were: (1) right-lobar radioembolization for unresectable unilateral HCC, (2) available liver computed tomography scans before, 1, 3, and at least 6 months after radioembolization...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706431/pancreatic-t-histiocyte-rich-large-b-cell-lymphoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#15
Shu-Mei Zheng, De-Jiang Zhou, Yi-Hua Chen, Rui Jiang, Yun-Xia Wang, Yong Zhang, Hong-Li Xue, Hai-Qiong Wang, Dong Mou, Wei-Zheng Zeng
Primary pancreatic lymphoma (PPL) is an extremely rare form of extranodal malignant lymphoma. The most common histological subtype of PPL is diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). In rare cases, PPL can also present as follicular lymphoma, small lymphocytic lymphoma, and T cell lymphoma either of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or of Hodgkin's lymphoma. T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma (T/HRBCL) is an uncommon morphologic variant of DLBCL with aggressive clinical course, it is predominantly a nodal disease, but extranodal sites such as bone marrow, liver, and spleen can be involved...
June 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705916/biodistribution-and-dosimetry-of-18-f-meta-fluorobenzyl-guanidine-mfbg-a-first-in-human-pet-ct-imaging-study-of-patients-with-neuroendocrine-malignancies
#16
Neeta Pandit-Taskar, Pat B Zanzonico, Kevin D Staton, Jorge A Carrasquillo, Diane Reidy-Lagunes, Serge K Lyashchenko, Eva Burnazi, Hanwen Zhang, Jason S Lewis, Ronald Blasberg, Steven M Larson, Wolfgang Andreas Weber, Shakeel Modak
Introduction: Iodine-123-meta-iodobenzylguanidine ((123)I-MIBG) imaging is currently a mainstay in the evaluation of many neuroendocrine tumors, especially neuroblastoma. (123)I-MIBG imaging has several limitations that can be overcome by the use of a PET agent. (18)F-MFBG is a positron emission tomography (PET) analog of MIBG that may allow for single-day, high-resolution quantitative imaging. We conducted a first-in-human study of (18)F-MFBG PET imaging to evaluate the safety, feasibility, pharmacokinetics, and dosimetry of (18)F-MFBG in neuroendocrine tumors (NETs)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698120/effectiveness-of-formalin-killed-vaccines-containing-cpg-oligodeoxynucleotide-1668-adjuvants-against-vibrio-harveyi-in-orange-spotted-grouper
#17
Hai Trong Nguyen, Thuy Thi Thu Nguyen, Yi-Ting Wang, Pei-Chyi Wang, Shih-Chu Chen
Vibrio harveyi is a major bacterial pathogen that causes serious vibriosis in cultured groupers, leading to massive deaths. In this study, we evaluated the immune responses and protective efficacy of vaccines containing V. harveyi formalin-killed cells (FKC) formulated with CpG ODN 1668-enriched plasmids (p30CpG and p60CpG) in the orange-spotted grouper. Results indicated that antibody titres were remarkably increased in vaccinated fish 2 weeks post-immunisation. Expression level of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II, CD 8, and toll-like receptor 9 was significantly upregulated in the spleen of fish immunised with CpG ODN 1668-adjuvanted vaccines, as recorded at 6 weeks after immunisation...
July 8, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693241/the-novel-immunomodulator-immunepotent-crp-combined-with-chemotherapy-agent-increased-the-rate-of-immunogenic-cell-death-and-prevented-melanoma-growth
#18
Maria Del Carmen Rodríguez-Salazar, Moises Armides Franco-Molina, Edgar Mendoza-Gamboa, Ana Carolina Martínez-Torres, Pablo Zapata-Benavides, Jose Sullivan López-González, Erika Evangelina Coronado-Cerda, Juan Manuel Alcocer-González, Reyes Silvestre Tamez-Guerra, Cristina Rodríguez-Padilla
Immunogenic cell death is a cell death modality that stimulates the immune system to combat cancer cells. IMMUNEPOTENT CRP (ICRP) is a mixture of substances of low molecular weight obtained from bovine spleens that exhibits in vitro cytotoxic activity on different tumor cell lines and modulates the immune response in vivo. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the cytotoxic effect of ICRP and its combination with oxaliplatin (OXP) on murine melanoma B16F10 cells was due to immunogenic cell death...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688987/tumor-targeting-by-lentiviral-vectors-combined-with-magnetic-nanoparticlesin-mice
#19
Ester Borroni, Marta Miola, Sara Ferraris, Giulia Ricci, Kristina ŽužekRožman, Nina Kostevšek, Angela Catizone, Lia Rimondini, Maria Prat, Enrica Verné, Antonia Follenzi
Nanomaterials conjugated or complexed with biological moieties such as antibodies, polymers or peptides appear to be suitable not only for drug delivery but also for specific cancer treatment. Here, biocompatible iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) with or without a silica shell coupled with lentiviral vectors (LVs) are proposed as a combined therapeutic approach to specifically target gene expression in a cancer mouse model. Initially, four different MNPs were synthesized and their physical properties were characterized to establish and discriminate their behaviors...
July 5, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688764/relt-family-members-activate-p38-and-induce-apoptosis-by-a-mechanism-distinct-from-tnfr1
#20
Pachai Moua, Mathew Checketts, Liang-Guo Xu, Hong-Bing Shu, Mary E Reyland, John Cusick
Receptor Expressed in Lymphoid Tissues (RELT) is a human Tumor Necrosis Factor Receptor (TNFR) family member that has two identified homologous binding partners, RELL1 and RELL2. This study sought to further understand the pattern of RELT expression, the functional role of RELT family members, and the mechanism of RELT-induced apoptosis. RELT protein expression was detected in the spleen, lymph node, brain, breast and peripheral blood leukocytes (PBLs). A smaller than expected size of RELT was observed in PBLs, suggesting a proteolytically cleaved form of RELT...
July 5, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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