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spleen tumors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159714/regulatory-effects-of-dexamethasone-on-nk-and-t-cell-immunity
#1
Liying Chen, Mikael Jondal, Konstantin Yakimchuk
Glucocorticoids (GCs) act via the intracellular glucocorticoid receptor (GR), which can regulate the expression of target genes. With regard to the immune system, GCs may affect both innate and adaptive immunity. Our study analyzed the immunoregulatory effects of dexamethasone (Dex) treatment on splenic T, Treg, NK and NKT cells by treating C57Bl6 mice with various doses of Dex. We observed that treatment with Dex decreased the number of NK cells in the spleen and suppressed their activity. In particular, the expression of both Ly49G and NKG2D receptors was decreased by Dex...
November 20, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158832/clinical-translation-and-first-in-human-use-of-44-sc-sc-psma-617-for-pet-imaging-of-metastasized-castrate-resistant-prostate-cancer
#2
Elisabeth Eppard, Ana de la Fuente, Martina Benešová, Ambreen Khawar, Ralph A Bundschuh, Florian C Gärtner, Barbara Kreppel, Klaus Kopka, Markus Essler, Frank Rösch
BACKGROUND: Various trivalent radiometals are well suited for labeling of DOTA-conjugated variants of Glu-ureido-based prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) inhibitors. The DOTA-conjugate PSMA-617 has proven high potential in PSMA radioligand therapy (PSMA-RLT) of prostate cancer as well as PET imaging when labeled with lutetium-177 and gallium-68 respectively. Considering the relatively short physical half-life of gallium-68 this positron emitter precludes prolonged acquisition periods, as required for pre-therapeutic dosimetry or intraoperative applications...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158674/skin-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-as-quantum-dot-vehicles-to-tumors
#3
Dominyka Dapkute, Simona Steponkiene, Danute Bulotiene, Liga Saulite, Una Riekstina, Ricardas Rotomskis
Purpose: Cell-mediated delivery of nanoparticles is emerging as a new method of cancer diagnostics and treatment. Due to their inherent regenerative properties, adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are naturally attracted to wounds and sites of inflammation, as well as tumors. Such characteristics enable MSCs to be used in cellular hitchhiking of nanoparticles. In this study, MSCs extracted from the skin connective tissue were investigated as transporters of semiconductor nanocrystals quantum dots (QDs)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156755/escherichia-coli-nissle-1917-engineered-to-express-tum-5-can-restrain-murine-melanoma-growth
#4
Lian He, Huijun Yang, Fei Liu, Yiyan Chen, Sijia Tang, Wei Ji, Jianli Tang, Zhudong Liu, Yunjun Sun, Shengbiao Hu, Youming Zhang, Xiong Liu, Weitao Huang, Xuezhi Ding, Liqiu Xia
Tumor growth and metastasis depend on angiogenesis. Thus, inhibiting tumor angiogenesis has become promising cancer therapeutic strategy in recent years. Tumstatin is a more powerful angiogenesis inhibitor than endostatin. Anti-angiogenic active fragment encoding amino acids 45-132 (Tum-5) of tumstatin was subcloned into four different inducible expression vectors and successfully solubly expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) in this study. Subsequently, an anaerobic inducible expression vector was constructed under Vitreoscilla hemoglobin gene promoter Pvhb in E...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156526/combined-use-of-insoluble-%C3%AE-glucan-from-the-cell-wall-of-candida-albicans-and-cyclophosphamide-validation-in-s180-tumor-bearing-mice
#5
Yan Qi, Xin Hu, Jin Cui, Jing Chen, Qian Wu, Xiao Sun, Yan Shi
BACKGROUND: Cyclophosphamide (CTX) is a widely used antitumor drug that can suppress the immune system. The effects of regulating immune response and antitumor of β-glucan from the cell wall of Candida albicans (CAIBG) have been confirmed. However, the effects of the combined use of CAIBG and CTX remain unclear and warrant further investigation. METHODS: S180 tumor-bearing models were developed for CAIBG (100 mg/10 mL/kg) and CTX (30 mg/10 mL/kg) intervention...
November 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154213/liposomally-formulated-phospholipid-conjugated-novel-near-infrared-fluorescence-probe-for-particle-size-effect-on-cellular-uptake-and-biodistribution-in-vivo
#6
Jing Xing, Dong Liu, Gaoxin Zhou, Yuan Li, Peng Wang, Ke Hu, Ning Gu, Min Ji
Lipid based nanoparticles (LBNs) with excellent biocompatibility and versatility have received much attention from the drug delivery community recently. A detailed understanding of in vitro and vivo fate of LBNs is important for developing different types of LBNs with improved selectivity and low cytotoxicity. We developed a novel near-infrared (NIR) probe with high fluorescence, designated as DSPE-ir623 (iDSPE). Then, we prepared iDSPE-embeded liposomes (iLPs) with two different hydrodynamic sizes (∼100nm and ∼400nm) to evaluate the effect of particle size on cellular uptake and biodistribution of nanoliposomes in vivo...
November 16, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154208/characteristics-of-nk-cells-from-leukemic-microenvironment-in-mll-af9-induced-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#7
Feifei Yang, Rong Wang, Wenli Feng, Chong Chen, Xiao Yang, Lina Wang, Yuting Hu, Qian Ren, Guoguang Zheng
NK cells are indispensable components of tissue microenvironment and play vital in both innate and adaptive immunity. The activation and function of NK cells are affected by tumor microenvironments. NK cells are also important players in leukemic microenvironment. However, their characteristics in leukemic microenvironment, including maturation status, phenotype, subpopulations and functional roles especially immunoregulatory potential, have not been well established. Here, we studied these characteristics of NK cells in MLL-AF9 induced mouse acute myeloid leukemia (AML) model...
November 16, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152095/tipe2-expression-is-increased-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-from-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
Zhu Shi-Bai, Liu Rui-Min, Sun Ying-Chuan, Zhai Jie, Jiang Chao, Ye Can-Hua, Chen Xi, Qian Wen-Wei
We investigated the changes in mRNA and protein expression of tumor necrosis factor-α-induced protein 8-like 2 (TIPE2) and PEST-containing nuclear protein (PCNP) in peripheral blood lymphocytes from 54 patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the spleens of model mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) to generate new ideas for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Expression levels of both TIPE2 and PCNP were higher in RA patients and CIA mice than in their respective controls. They were also higher in the 32 patients with active RA than in the 22 with inactive RA (P < 0...
October 20, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151511/an-intrapancreatic-accessory-spleen-that-was-difficult-to-diagnose-due-to-temporal-changes-after-splenectomy
#9
Daisuke Uchida, Koichiro Tsutsumi, Hironari Kato, Hiroyuki Okada
Accessory spleen (AS) is common anomaly, and 20% of AS cases occur in the pancreatic tail(1). An intrapancreatic AS can be difficult to distinguish from pancreatic neoplasms. In most cases, an AS is described as a hypervascular and solitary tumor, but an AS sometimes takes other forms. We herein report a rare case of an intrapancreatic AS with temporal changes in its appearance after splenectomy, which mimicked aspects of pancreatic cancer. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and Tc-99m sulfur colloid scintigraphy were useful for the diagnosis...
November 20, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147627/stat1-gene-deficient-mice-develop-accelerated-breast-cancer-growth-and-metastasis-which-is-reduced-by-il-17-blockade
#10
Sanjay Varikuti, Steve Oghumu, Mohamad Elbaz, Greta Volpedo, Dinesh K Ahirwar, Pablo C Alarcon, Rachel H Sperling, Ellen Moretti, Marissa S Pioso, Jennifer Kimble, Mohd W Nasser, Ramesh K Ganju, Cesar Terrazas, Abhay R Satoskar
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) mediates interferon gamma signaling which activates the expression of various genes related to apoptosis, inflammation, cell cycle and angiogenesis. Several experimental and clinical studies have investigated the role of STAT1 in primary tumor growth in breast cancer; however, its role in tumor metastasis remains to be determined. To determine the role of STAT1 in breast cancer metastasis, we analyzed growth and metastasis in WT or STAT1(-/-) mice orthotopically implanted with metastatic 4T1...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146061/sarcoid-like-granulomas-in-renal-cell-carcinoma-the-houston-methodist-hospital-experience
#11
Komal Arora, Mukul K Divatia, Luan Truong, Steven S Shen, Alberto G Ayala, Jae Y Ro
Sarcoid-like (SL) granulomas have been previously described in association with malignant tumors. These granulomas appear to be tumor-related but are not indicative of systemic sarcoidosis, and hence are referred to as SL reactions. These SL reactions can be seen within the primary tumor, its vicinity, or in uninvolved sites such as the spleen, bone marrow, skin, and/or regional lymph nodes draining the tumor. It is a widely held view that SL granulomas are caused by soluble antigenic factors, shed by tumor cells or released due to tumor necrosis...
December 2017: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144988/di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-enhances-melanoma-tumor-growth-via-differential-effect-on-m1-and-m2-polarized-macrophages-in-mouse-model
#12
Jae-Wook Lee, Sojin Park, Hae-Kyoung Han, Myung Chan Gye, Eun-Yi Moon
Phthalates are widely used as plasticizers that influence sexual and reproductive development. Here, we investigated whether di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) affects macrophage polarization that are associated with tumor initiation and progression. No changes were observed in LPS- or ConA-stimulated in vitro spleen B or T cell proliferation for 48 h, respectively. In contrast, macrophage functions were inhibited in response to DEHP for 12 h as judged by LPS-induced H2O2 and NO production and zymosan A-mediated phagocytosis...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142346/conjugation-of-antibodies-with-radiogold-nanoparticles-as-an-effector-targeting-agents-in-radiobioconjugate-cancer-therapy-optimized-labeling-and-biodistribution-results
#13
Pankaj Garg, Daya Kishore Hazra
Purpose of the Study: Drug accessibility to the tumor cells is an important area of concern with an anticipation of increasing the efficacy of the drug to be delivered to a specific site. The biogenesis of gold nanoparticles using plant-mediated phytochemical extracts and their possible linkage to cancer antibodies with an aim at delivering the conjugate specifically to the tumor-associated antigen is the basic objective of the research. Materials and Methodology: Radiolabeling of antibodies with gold nanoparticles was carried out by a protocol, and the labeling extent of antibodies was compared with that of a radiogold solution to ordinary particulate size (AuNO-Ab)...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142134/tnf-mediated-survival-of-cd169-cells-promotes-immune-activation-during-vesicular-stomatitis-virus-infection
#14
Prashant V Shinde, Haifeng C Xu, Sathish Kumar Maney, Andreas Kloetgen, Sukumar Namineni, Yuan Zhuang, Nadine Honke, Namir Shaabani, Nicolas Bellora, Mareike Doerrenberg, Mirko Trilling, Vitaly I Pozdeev, Nico van Rooijen, Stefanie Scheu, Klaus Pfeffer, Paul R Crocker, Masato Tanaka, Sujitha Duggimpudi, Percy Knolle, Mathias Heikenwalder, Jürgen Ruland, Tak W Mak, Dirk Brenner, Aleksandra A Pandyra, Jessica I Hoell, Arndt Borkhardt, Dieter Häussinger, Karl S Lang, Philipp A Lang
Innate immune activation is essential to mount an effective antiviral response and to prime adaptive immunity. Although a crucial role of CD169(+) cells during vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) infections is increasingly recognized, factors regulating CD169(+) cells during viral infections remain unclear. Here we show that tumor necrosis factor is produced by CD11b(+) Ly6C(+)Ly6G(+) cells following infection with VSV. The absence of TNF or TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1) resulted in reduced numbers of CD169(+) cells and in reduced IFN-I production during VSV infection, with a severe disease outcome...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137391/activated-spleen-tyrosine-kinase-promotes-malignant-progression-of-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-via-mtor-s6-signaling-pathway-in-an-erk1-2-independent-manner
#15
Pan Gao, Xianghe Qiao, Haibin Sun, Yi Huang, Jie Lin, Longjiang Li, Xiaoyi Wang, Chunjie Li
Spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK), a non-receptor cytoplasmic tyrosine enzyme, is well known for its ability in certain pathways through immune receptors. Recently, SYK role in cancer has been widely studied. SYK plays a dual role as a tumor suppressor and tumor promoter. Nevertheless, its role in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has not been fully investigated. In the current study, samples from OSCC tumors and adjacent normal counterparts were collected and SYK expression was evaluated by real-time qPCR. SYK mRNA expression in tumors was higher than the normal tissues...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137359/granulysin-expressed-in-a-humanized-mouse-model-induces-apoptotic-cell-death-and-suppresses-tumorigenicity
#16
Ya-Wen Hsiao, Tsung-Ching Lai, Yu-Hsiang Lin, Chia-Yi Su, Jih-Jong Lee, Albert Taiching Liao, Yuan-Feng Lin, Shu-Chen Hsieh, Alexander T H Wu, Michael Hsiao
Granulysin (GNLY) is a cytolytic and proinflammatory protein expressed in activated human cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer (NK) cells. Conventional mouse models cannot adequately address the triggering mechanism and immunopathological pathways in GNLY-associated diseases due to lack of the GNLY gene in the mouse genome. Therefore, we generated a humanized immune system (HIS) mouse model by transplanting human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells into NOD.Cg-Prkdc(scid) Il2rg(tm1Wjl) /SzJ (NSG) mice after sublethally irradiation...
October 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136691/-tumors-of-lymphoid-and-hematopoietic-tissue-of-spleen-a-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-53-cases
#17
D B Chen, D H Shen, H Zhang, Y Wang, Q J Song, S M Yang, X Z Fang
Objective: To study the clinicopathologic features, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of the tumors of lymphoidand hematopoietic tissue of the spleen(TLTS). Methods: Fifty-three cases of TLTS were selected from the pathologic files from Peking University People's Hospital from April 2002 to April 2017. According to WHO classification of tumors of hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues (2008) and its updated classification (2016), the cases were studied by microscopy, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization, combined with the bone marrow biopsy and clinical examination...
November 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135139/-laparoscopic-transperitoneal-adrenalectomy
#18
B G Guliev, B K Komyakov, D V Semenov
AIM: To analyze the results of laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LAE) in patients with adrenal gland tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2011 to 2016, 24 patients (15 men, 9 women), mean age 49.6 +/- 8.2 years, underwent LAE. The right, left and bilateral LAE was performed in 12, 10 and 2 patients, respectively. Indications for surgery were mainly primary and metastatic adrenal tumors. The operations were performed using a transperitoneal 4-port approach. RESULTS: Twenty six LAE were successfully performed in 24 patients...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127036/amphiphilic-poly-%C3%AE-glutamate-polymeric-micelles-for-systemic-administration-of-sirna-to-tumors
#19
Adva Krivitsky, Dina Polyak, Anna Scomparin, Shay Eliyahu, Paula Ofek, Galia Tiram, Hagar Kalinski, Sharon Avkin-Nachum, Natàlia Feiner Gracia, Lorenzo Albertazzi, Ronit Satchi-Fainaro
RNAi therapeutics carried a great promise to the area of personalized medicine: the ability to target "undruggable" oncogenic pathways. Nevertheless, their efficient tumor targeting via systemic administration had not been resolved yet. Amphiphilic alkylated poly(α)glutamate amine (APA) can serve as a cationic carrier to the negatively-charged oligonucleotides. APA polymers complexed with siRNA to form round-shaped, homogenous and reproducible nano-sized polyplexes bearing ~50nm size and slightly negative charge...
November 7, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124314/prophylactic-dna-vaccine-targeting-foxp3-regulatory-t-cells-depletes-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-and-improves-anti-melanoma-immune-responses-in-a-murine-model
#20
Afshin Namdar, Reza Mirzaei, Arash Memarnejadian, Roobina Boghosian, Morteza Samadi, Hamid Reza Mirzaei, Hamid Farajifard, Mehdi Zavar, Kayhan Azadmanesh, Shokrollah Elahi, Farshid Noorbakhsh, Abbas Rezaei, Jamshid Hadjati
Regulatory T cells (Treg) and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are the two important and interactive immunosuppressive components of the tumor microenvironment that hamper anti-tumor immune responses. Therefore, targeting these two populations together might be beneficial for overcoming immune suppression in the tumor microenvironment. We have recently shown that prophylactic Foxp3 DNA/recombinant protein vaccine (Foxp3 vaccine) promotes immunity against Treg in tumor-free conditions. In the present study, we investigated the immune modulatory effects of a prophylactic regimen of the redesigned Foxp3 vaccine in the B16F10 melanoma model...
November 9, 2017: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy: CII
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