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Methane levels in stool

Stephanie K Tankou, Keren Regev, Brian C Healy, Emily Tjon, Luca Laghi, Laura M Cox, Pia Kivisäkk, Isabelle V Pierre, Hrishikesh Lokhande, Roopali Gandhi, Sandra Cook, Bonnie Glanz, James Stankiewicz, Howard L Weiner
OBJECTIVE: Effect of a probiotic on the gut microbiome and peripheral immune function in healthy controls and relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients. METHODS: MS patients (N=9) and controls (N=13) were orally administered a probiotic containing Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and Streptococcus twice daily for two months. Blood and stool specimens were collected at baseline, after completion of the 2-month treatment, and 3 months after discontinuation of therapy...
April 20, 2018: Annals of Neurology
Jessica R Allegretti, Zain Kassam, Walter W Chan
BACKGROUND: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is safe and effective for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (rCDI) and often involves terminal ileal (TI) stool infusion. Patients report gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms post-FMT despite rCDI resolution. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) screening is not routinely performed pre-FMT. The effect of donor/recipient SIBO status on FMT outcomes and post-FMT GI symptoms is unclear. We aim to evaluate the value of pre-FMT SIBO screening on post-FMT outcomes and symptoms...
January 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
P G Wolf, G Parthasarathy, J Chen, H M O'Connor, N Chia, A E Bharucha, H R Gaskins
BACKGROUND: Differences in the gut microbiota and breath methane production have been observed in chronic constipation, but the relationship between colonic microbiota, transit, and breath tests remains unclear. METHODS: In 25 healthy and 25 constipated females we evaluated the sigmoid colonic mucosal and fecal microbiota using 16S rRNA gene sequencing, abundance of hydrogenogenic FeFe (FeFe-hydA) and hydrogenotrophic (methyl coenzyme M reductase A [mrcA] and dissimilatory sulfite reductase A [dsrA]) genes with real-time qPCR assays, breath hydrogen and methane levels after oral lactulose, and colonic transit with scintigraphy...
October 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Ujjala Ghoshal, Ratnakar Shukla, Deepakshi Srivastava, Uday C Ghoshal
Background/Aims: Because Methanobrevibacter smithii produces methane, delaying gut transit, we evaluated M. smithii loads in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients and healthy controls (HC). Methods: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction for M. smithii was performed on the feces of 47 IBS patients (Rome III) and 30 HC. On the lactulose hydrogen breath test (LHBT, done for 25 IBS patients), a fasting methane result ≥10 ppm using 10 g of lactulose defined methane-producers...
November 15, 2016: Gut and Liver
Robert J Shulman, Emily B Hollister, Kevin Cain, Danita I Czyzewski, Mariella M Self, Erica M Weidler, Sridevi Devaraj, Ruth Ann Luna, James Versalovic, Margaret Heitkemper
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We sought to determine the efficacy of psyllium fiber treatment on abdominal pain and stool patterns in children with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). We evaluated effects on breath hydrogen and methane production, gut permeability, and microbiome composition. We also investigated whether psychological characteristics of children or parents affected the response to treatment. METHODS: We performed a randomized, double-blind trial of 103 children (mean age, 13 ± 3 y) with IBS seen at primary or tertiary care settings...
May 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Ruchi Mathur, Kathleen S Chua, Mindy Mamelak, Walter Morales, Gillian M Barlow, Rita Thomas, Darko Stefanovski, Stacy Weitsman, Zachary Marsh, Richard N Bergman, Mark Pimentel
OBJECTIVE: Methanogens colonizing the human gut produce methane and influence host metabolism. This study examined metabolic parameters in methane-producing subjects before and after antibiotic treatment. METHODS: Eleven prediabetic methane-positive subjects (9F, 2M) with obesity (BMI 35.17 ± 7.71 kg/m(2) ) aged 47 ± 9 years were recruited. Subjects underwent breath testing, symptom questionnaire, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), lipid profile, and stool Methanobrevibacter smithii levels, gastric transit, and energy utilization analyses...
March 2016: Obesity
Dae Bum Kim, Chang-Nyol Paik, Hea Jung Sung, Woo Chul Chung, Kang-Moon Lee, Jin-Mo Yang, Myung-Gyu Choi
BACKGROUNDS: The bacterial overgrowth might be associated with chronic pancreatitis. This study was to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in patients with chronic pancreatitis. METHODS: 36 patients with chronic pancreatitis and 49 healthy controls undergoing the hydrogen (H2)-methane (CH4) lactulose breath test (LBT) were reviewed. The LBT positivity (+) indicating the presence of SIBO, gas types, bowel symptom questionnaire, laboratory and radiologic results were surveyed...
September 2015: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
Vijay Shankar, Daniel Homer, Laura Rigsbee, Harry J Khamis, Sonia Michail, Michael Raymer, Nicholas V Reo, Oleg Paliy
The goal of this study was to determine if fecal metabolite and microbiota profiles can serve as biomarkers of human intestinal diseases, and to uncover possible gut microbe-metabolite associations. We employed proton nuclear magnetic resonance to measure fecal metabolites of healthy children and those diagnosed with diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D). Metabolite levels were associated with fecal microbial abundances. Using several ordination techniques, healthy and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) samples could be distinguished based on the metabolite profiles of fecal samples, and such partitioning was congruent with the microbiota-based sample separation...
August 2015: ISME Journal
Dae-Wook Kang, John K DiBaise, Zehra Esra Ilhan, Michael D Crowell, Jai Ram Rideout, J Gregory Caporaso, Bruce E Rittmann, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown
Identifying specific gut microorganisms associated with chronic constipation may be useful for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether or not the gut microbial community of constipated subjects had specific microbial signatures and to assess the effects of lubiprostone treatment on the gut microbial community. Stool diaries, breath H2 and CH4 levels, and stool samples were collected from ten healthy subjects and nine patients meeting the Rome III criteria for chronic functional constipation...
June 2015: Anaerobe
V Ojetti, G Bruno, V Paolucci, S Triarico, F D'aversa, E Ausili, A Gasbarrini, C Rendeli
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO), methane (CH4) production and orocecal transit time (OCTT) in children affected by myelomeningocele. SETTING: This study was conducted at the Catholic University in Rome, Italy. METHODS: Eighteen (6M/12F; 16.4±7.6 years) children affected by myelomeningocele were enrolled...
January 2014: Spinal Cord
Jason M Ridlon, Sean E McGarr, Phillip B Hylemon
BACKGROUND: Mounting evidence suggests a relationship between bacterial metabolism of certain dietary and endogenous factors and the development of colorectal cancer. Deoxycholic acid (DCA) is a well studied co-carcinogen and bio-transformation product of 7alpha-dehydroxylating Clostridia. H2S is a cytotoxic metabolite produced primarily by sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB). The production of methane indicates low levels of active SRB. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have received attention recently due to their putative anti-tumor properties...
July 1, 2005: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Amir Belson, Avinash K Shetty, Peter D Yorgin, Yoram Bujanover, Yochanan Peled, Mor H Dar, Shimon Reif
Our objective was to investigate the relationship between demographic factors, nutrition, stool gas production, and the existence of infantile colic (IC) syndrome. Hydrogen and methane production from stool specimens of infants with and without infantile colic was quantified at two separate time points, the age at presentation of colic (<12 weeks) and at >6 months of age. The relationship between demographic variables and IC was also studied. A total of 59 infants with ages ranging from 2 to 12 weeks were enrolled in the study...
September 2003: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
H Arola, T Koivula, A L Karvonen, H Jokela, T Ahola, M Isokoski
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate whether maldigestion of trehalose causes abdominal symptoms and which available diagnostic method best distinguishes intolerant from tolerant subjects. METHODS: A 25-g oral trehalose load test was performed in 64 subjects. The 19 experiencing clear symptoms constituted the trehalose-intolerant subjects. Changes from base-line levels of blood glucose, breath hydrogen, and methane and symptoms were recorded after the test...
September 1999: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
A M Stephen, H S Wiggins, H N Englyst, T J Cole, B J Wayman, J H Cummings
1. To evaluate the effect of age, sex and level of intake on the colonic response to wheat fibre, thirty healthy volunteers aged 17-62 years (nineteen men, eleven women) recruited from a local industry, were divided into four groups and given a controlled diet for two 3-week periods. The diet contained white bread during one period or one of four different amounts of bran-enriched wholemeal bread during the other (30, 60, 110, 170 g/d). 2. Wide variation was observed between subjects in stool weight on the basal diet and in response to wheat fibre...
September 1986: British Journal of Nutrition
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