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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447368/venovenous-malformation-developed-prior-to-a-kawashima-operation-in-a-patient-with-an-interrupted-inferior-vena-cava
#1
Hideto Ozawa, Takaya Hoashi, Kazuto Fujimoto, Hajime Ichikawa
An 11-month-old girl with an unbalanced atrioventricular septal defect, coarctation of the aorta and an interrupted inferior vena cava with hemiazygos continuation post-surgical status of coarctation repair and pulmonary artery banding underwent a Kawashima operation. Severe hypoxia occurred immediately after she was weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass, which was successfully resolved by the ligation of the hemiazygos vein. Postoperative enhanced computed tomography detected significant venovenous malformation from the hemiazygos vein to the left renal vein...
February 13, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447337/an-analysis-of-patients-requiring-unifocalization-revision-following-midline-unifocalization-for-pulmonary-atresia-with-ventricular-septal-defect-and-major-aortopulmonary-collaterals
#2
Richard D Mainwaring, William L Patrick, Michael Ma, Frank L Hanley
OBJECTIVES: Midline unifocalization has been developed for the surgical treatment of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries. All patients will eventually require reoperation because of the presence of a conduit, and some patients may also require revision of the distal unifocalized bed. The purpose of this study was to analyse the need for unifocalization revision following midline unifocalization. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 241 patients who underwent midline unifocalization for the treatment of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect and major aortopulmonary collateral arteries...
February 13, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445263/noncompaction-cardiomyopathy-and-heterotaxy-syndrome
#3
Hugo R Martinez, Stephanie M Ware, Marcus S Schamberger, John J Parent
Left ventricular noncompaction cardiomyopathy (LVNC) is characterized by compact and trabecular layers of the left ventricular myocardium. This cardiomyopathy may occur with congenital heart disease (CHD). Single cases document co-occurrence of LVNC and heterotaxy, but no data exist regarding the prevalence of this association. This study sought to determine whether a non-random association of LVNC and heterotaxy exists by evaluating the prevalence of LVNC in patients with heterotaxy. In a retrospective review of the Indiana Network for Patient Care, we identified 172 patients with heterotaxy (69 male, 103 female)...
September 2017: Progress in Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444227/the-ross-konno-procedure-in-neonates-and-infants-less-than-3-months-of-age
#4
Eva Sames-Dolzer, Elisabeth Wickenhauser, Michaela Kreuzer, Peter Benedikt, Roland Gitter, Christoph Prandstetter, Gregor Gierlinger, Gerald Tulzer, Rudolf Mair
OBJECTIVES: Patients with severe left ventricular outflow tract obstruction often suffer from impaired left ventricular function, endocardial fibroelastosis and borderline-sized structures. The early Ross-Konno operation can offer complete repair due to outflow tract stenosis and enable the functional recovery and growth of small structures. METHODS: Between 2008 and March 2017, 44 early Ross-Konno procedures were performed at our centre. Thirty-five patients were neonates, and 9 were infants less than 3 months of age...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440848/ominous-comorbidities-small-ventricular-septal-defect-and-warm-autoimmune-hemolytic-anemia
#5
Elaheh Malakan Rad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440842/coronary-sinus-atrial-septal-defect-without-persistent-left-superior-vena-cava-three-dimensional-imaging-of-a-rare-defect
#6
Sean Del-Rossi Quadros, Sreeja Pavithran, Ravi Agrawal, Kothandam Sivakumar
Coronary sinus defects refer to interatrial communications that lie out of the confines of the atrial septum and leads from left to right shunt through the ostium of the coronary sinus. When associated with persistent left superior vena cava (PLSVC), mild systemic desaturation may occur depending on the extent of unroofing of the coronary sinus. Isolated defects without PLSVC are rare. Three-dimensional echocardiographic and surgical images are presented.
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440841/acquired-ventricular-septal-defect-due-to-infective-endocarditis
#7
Randi E Durden, Joseph W Turek, Benjamin E Reinking, Manish Bansal
Acquired intracardiac left-to-right shunts are rare occurrences. Chest trauma and myocardial infection are well-known causes of acquired ventricular septal defect (VSD). There have been several case reports describing left ventricle to right atrium shunt after infective endocarditis (IE). We present here a patient found to have an acquired VSD secondary to IE of the aortic and tricuspid valves in the setting of a known bicuspid aortic valve. This is the first case reported of acquired VSD in a pediatric patient in the setting of IE along with literature review of acquired left-to-right shunts...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439889/hematuria-in-an-adult-with-congenital-heart-disease
#8
Jennifer Noble, Shahnawaz M Amdani, Richard U Garcia, Rajan Arora
BACKGROUND: Adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) in the United States now outnumber children with CHD, due in part to the improvement in surgical and medical management. This growing population may present postoperatively to the emergency department (ED) with nonspecific complaints from unforseen complications secondary to cardiac intervention. CASE REPORT: We describe a 39-year-old male who presented to the ED with hematuria and dysuria after he underwent percutaneous device ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure 10 days before...
February 10, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434740/a-pilot-study-of-a-cardiovascular-virtual-endoscopy-system-based-on-multi-detector-computed-tomography-in-diagnosing-tetralogy-of-fallot-in-pediatric-patients
#9
Li-Ping Yao, Li Zhang, Ju Mei, Fang-Bao Ding, Hui-Ming Li, Ming Ding, Xin Yang, Xiao-Ming Li, Kun Sun
The present study aimed to investigate the capabilities of the cardiovascular virtual endoscopy (VE) system in diagnosing tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) and performing measurements. A total of 37 patients underwent two-dimensional echocardiography (2-DE) and multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) examinations. The obtained MDCT images were applied to a cardiovascular VE system. Diagnostic time by VE was first studied and compared with MDCT. Subsequently, with surgical findings as the ground truth, the capabilities of VE, 2-DE and MDCT in diagnosing TOF and its complications were investigated...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434633/restrictive-perimembranous-ventricular-septal-defect-with-left-to-right-shunt-post-urgent-aortic-balloon-valvuloplasty-and-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#10
Emmanouil Chourdakis, Ioanna Koniari, Nicholas G Kounis, Dimitrios Velissaris, George Hahalis, Karl Eugen Hauptmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433140/-colour-duplex-sonography-and-power-duplex-in-perforator-surgery-improvement-of-patients-safety-by-efficient-planning
#11
Adrien Daigeler, Cornelius Schubert, Tobias Hirsch, Björn Behr, Marcus Lehnhardt
INTRODUCTION: There are many techniques to identify vessels in perforator surgery, each with specific disadvantages. Handheld Dopplers are easy to use, but inaccurate with respect to the exact localisation of the perforator. Angio-CT is invasive, time consuming, and expensive. In contrast, duplex sonography is a reliable, easy-to-use and availabe alternative for pre-, intra-, and postoperative visualisation of vessels. Power Doppler further increases sensitivity and allows visualisation of vessels smaller than 0...
February 12, 2018: Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432360/periareolar-access-for-minimally-invasive-cardiac-surgery-the-brazilian-technique
#12
Robinson Poffo, Paola K Montanhesi, Alisson P Toschi, Renato B Pope, Cláudio A Mokross
The periareolar access has been the preferred technique used at our institution for minimally invasive cardiac surgery since 2006. The surgical approach consists of video-assisted minithoracotomy in the 4th right intercostal space, through a periareolar incision. Initially, the technique was restricted to minimally invasive mitral valve surgeries but, due to its feasibility and safety, was soon incorporated as an ideal access for other cardiac pathologies such as tricuspid valve disease, atrial septal defect, atrial fibrillation, and pacemaker leads endocarditis...
February 9, 2018: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432197/echocardiographic-assessment-of-left-to-right-shunts-atrial-septal-defect-ventricular-septal-defect-atrioventricular-septal-defect-patent-arterial-duct
#13
REVIEW
Antigoni Deri, Kate English
This review article will guide the reader through the basics of echocardiographic assessment of congenital left to right shunts in both paediatric and adult age groups. After reading this article the reader will understand the pathology and clinical presentation of atrial septal defects (ASDs), ventricular septal defects (VSDs), atrioventricular septal defects (AVSDs) and patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). In times gone by the stethoscope was the primary diagnostic tool used to diagnose these lesions, but in today's clinicians those skills have been usurped by the superiority of the trans-thoracic echo probe...
February 5, 2018: Echo Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432063/approach-to-pulmonary-hypertension-from-ct-to-clinical-diagnosis
#14
Felipe Aluja Jaramillo, Fernando R Gutierrez, Federico G Díaz Telli, Sebastian Yevenes Aravena, Cylen Javidan-Nejad, Sanjeev Bhalla
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a condition characterized by increased pressure in the pulmonary circulation. It may be idiopathic or arise in the setting of other clinical conditions. Patients with PH tend to present with nonspecific cardiovascular or respiratory symptoms. The clinical classification of PH was recently revised at the World Health Organization symposium in Nice, France, in 2013. That consensus statement provided an updated classification based on the shared hemodynamic characteristics and management of the different categories of PH...
February 12, 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430430/airway-improvement-with-medium-term-compression-duration-after-right-pulmonary-artery-anterior-translocation
#15
Woo Sung Jang, Jae Bum Kim, Jae Hyun Kim, Hee Jeong Choi
Left main bronchus compression occasionally occurs in patients with cardiac disease. A 19-month-old female patient weighing 6.7 kg was admitted for recurrent pneumonia and desaturation. She had an a trial septal defect (AS D) with a right aortic arch. Her left main bronchus had been compressed between the enlarged right pulmonary artery (RPA) and the descending thoracic aorta for 14 months. We conducted ASD closure and RPA anterior translocation via sternotomy. The left main bronchus compression was relieved despite the medium-term duration of compression...
February 2018: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428621/the-chss-complete-atrioventricular-septal-defect-cohort-baseline-pre-intervention-echocardiographic-characteristics
#16
James M Meza, Paul J Devlin, David M Overman, David Gremmels, Gina Baffa, Meryl S Cohen, Michael D Quartermain, Christopher A Caldarone, Kamal Pourmoghadam, William M DeCampli, Cheryl T Fackoury, Luc Mertens
OBJECTIVE: Quantifying unbalance, the threshold for single ventricle palliation vs biventricular repair in patients with unbalanced complete atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD), is challenging. Utilizing a core lab review of baseline echocardiograms, we sought to assess the correlations among commonly used measures of unbalance and common atrioventricular valve (AVV) and ventricular sizes. METHODS: A single reviewer evaluated baseline echocardiograms from an inception cohort of babies < age 1 year with complete AVSD admitted to one of 25 CHSS institutions...
February 8, 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426959/acute-effect-of-inhaled-iloprost-in-children-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-associated-with-simple-congenital-heart-defects
#17
Qiangqiang Li, Konstantinos Dimopoulos, Chen Zhang, Yan Zhu, Qian Liu, Hong Gu
Inhaled prostacyclin analogue iloprost is currently utilized in adult patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), but little information is available on its use in the pediatric population. This study evaluated the safety and acute haemodynamic effects of inhaled iloprost in children with PAH associated with congenital heart disease (CHD). Children with PAH-CHD who underwent cardiac catheterization and iloprost administration in our catheter laboratory between June 2007 and October 2015 were included...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425527/approaches-to-pulmonary-atresia-with-major-aortopulmonary-collateral-arteries
#18
REVIEW
David J Barron, Phil Botha
Pulmonary atresia with major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCAs) is one of the most challenging surgical conditions to manage-not only because of the technical complexity of the surgery but also in terms of defining the anatomy of the pulmonary vasculature, the timing of surgery, and decision making on staged vs complete repair. The importance of early definition of pulmonary blood supply is paramount, establishing which areas of the lung are supplied by MAPCAs alone and which have dual supply with the native system (noting that 20% of patients have absent intrapericardial native vessels)...
March 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425526/nikaidoh-vs-r%C3%A3-paration-%C3%A3-l-etage-ventriculaire-vs-rastelli
#19
REVIEW
Mark G Hazekamp, Timofey Nevvazhay, Vladimir Sojak
This review describes the different surgical options for transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defect (VSD), and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. When the pulmonary valve can be used, an arterial switch operation with VSD closure and resection of pulmonary stenosis may be possible. This is not the scope of our review: we focus on the Rastelli, REV (Réparation à l'Etage Ventriculaire), and Nikaidoh techniques, and we also describe the "en bloc rotation" technique. Each of these procedures has a different history, and these techniques have not been used uniformly around the world...
March 2018: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Annual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425297/surgical-repair-of-atrioventricular-septal-defects-incidence-and-mode-of-failure-of-the-left-atrioventricular-valve
#20
Thierry Bové, Ine Strubbe, Kristof Vandekerckhove, Joseph Panzer, Katya De Groote, Daniel De Wolf, Katrien François
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to investigate the outcome of the left atrioventricular valve (LAVV) after repair of atrioventricular septal defects (AVSDs) by analysing the mechanisms of LAVV failure. METHODS: A retrospective investigation of 202 children with AVSD, operated on between 1992 and 2016, was performed. Analysis focused on freedom from reoperation for LAVV dysfunction, with specific attention to the modes of failure. RESULTS: The population consisted of 129 (64%) patients with complete AVSD (cAVSD) and 73 (36%) patients with partial AVSD (pAVSD), corrected at a median age of 3...
February 7, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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