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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468068/a-case-report-of-thrombosed-varicosities-of-pubic-collateral-veins-ideal-treatment-strategy-and-contribution-of-era-imaging-technologies-in-diagnosis
#1
Daniel Paramythiotis, Patroklos Goulas, Petros Bangeas, Argiris Giannopoulos, Kostantinos Kapoulas, Vasileios Rafailidis, Georgios Papadopoulos, Kiriakos Ktenidis, Anna Kalogera-Fountzila, Antonis Michalopoulos
Collateral circulation is an alternative path occurring in case of venous or artery obstruction. This path may usually develop after primary recanalization. In our case, a 62-year-old woman presented to our Emergency Department complaining about a suprapubic swelling with a cyanotic discoloration of the overlying skin for the past 10 days for which she had been previously prescribed antibiotics. Investigation with ultrasound and contrast-enhanced computed tomography was performed. An imaging study revealed thrombosed pubic varicose collateral veins due to deep vein obstruction and occlusion of the left external iliac vein...
2018: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465631/near-infrared-cerebral-oximetry-to-predict-outcome-after-pediatric-cardiac-surgery-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Marine Flechet, Fabian Güiza, Dirk Vlasselaers, Lars Desmet, Stoffel Lamote, Heidi Delrue, Marc Beckers, Michaël P Casaer, Pieter Wouters, Greet van den Berghe, Geert Meyfroidt
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether near-infrared cerebral tissue oxygen saturation, measured with the FORESIGHT cerebral oximeter (CAS Medical Systems, Branford, CT) predicts PICU length of stay, duration of invasive mechanical ventilation, and mortality in critically ill children after pediatric cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Single-center prospective, observational study. SETTING: Twelve-bed PICU of a tertiary academic hospital. PATIENTS: Critically ill children and infants with congenital heart disease, younger than 12 years old, admitted to the PICU between October 2012 and November 2015...
February 19, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464136/anesthetic-management-of-pheochromocytoma-resection-in-adults-with-single-ventricle-physiology
#3
Giancarlo Suffredini, Natalia Diaz-Rodriguez, Krishnan Chakravarthy, Aarti Mathur, Heather K Hayanga, Steve M Frank, Richard E Ringel, Stephen Freiberg, Viachaslau M Barodka, Jochen Steppan
Survival rates for patients with palliated congenital heart disease are increasing, and an increasing number of adults with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD) might require surgical resection of pheochromocytoma-paraganglioma (PHEO-PGL). A recent study supports the idea that patients with a history of CCHD and current or historical cyanosis might be at increased risk for developing PHEO-PGL. We review the anesthetic management of two adults with single-ventricle physiology following Fontan palliation presenting for PHEO-PGL resection and review prior published case reports...
December 8, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450693/the-effect-of-assisted-reproductive-technology-on-the-incidence-of-birth-defects-among-livebirths
#4
Gil Shechter-Maor, Nicholas Czuzoj-Shulman, Andrea R Spence, Haim Arie Abenhaim
PURPOSE: Our study objective is to examine the association between births conceived with assisted reproductive technology (ART) and birth defects using a large database from the United States. METHODS: Using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Period-linked birth-infant death data files and fetal death database for 2011-2013, we conducted a retrospective cohort study comprised of live births that occurred in the USA during that time. Multivariate logistic regression was used to estimate the association between ART and birth defects, both overall and by specific defects...
February 15, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448828/role-of-terminal-warm-blood-cardioplegia-in-complex-congenital-heart-surgery
#5
Pribadi Wiranda Busro, Harvey Romolo, Sudigdo Sastroasmoro, Jusuf Rachmat, Mohammad Sadikin, Anwar Santoso, Cindy Elfira Boom, Suhendro Suwarto, Ahmad Aulia Jusuf
Introduction Myocardial protection is vital to ensure successful open heart surgery. Cardioplegic solution is one method to achieve good myocardial protection. Inevitably, ischemia-reperfusion injury occurs with aortic crossclamping. Histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution is a frequently used cardioplegia for complex congenital heart surgery. We postulated that addition of terminal warm blood cardioplegia before removal of the aortic crossclamp might improve myocardial protection. Method A randomized controlled trial was conducted on 109 cyanotic patients aged, 1 to 5 years who underwent complex biventricular repair...
January 1, 2018: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432830/functional-polymorphisms-of-the-neuropilin-1-gene-are-associated-with-the-risk-of-tetralogy-of-fallot-in-a-chinese-han-population
#6
Sai-Hou Fan, Zhen-Ya Shen, Yi-Min Xiao
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is one of the most severe forms of cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) and is also the most common. Previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) and replication studies have suggested that a polymorphism in the neuropilin 1 (NRP1) gene is significantly associated with the risk of TOF. To further confirm the association between the NRP1 polymorphism and the risk of TOF and to identify additional positive functional single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for TOF risk, we systematically screened for functional polymorphisms throughout the regulatory and coding regions of the NRP1 gene...
February 9, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417244/secondary-raynaud-s-phenomenon-and-skin-necrosis-of-toes-in-the-paraplegic-patient-with-hypertension
#7
Yong Jig Lee, Kisoo Park
We present two cases of paraplegic patients who developed secondary Raynaud's phenomenon. A 43-year-old man with paraplegia presented with dark purple discoloration and skin defects on his left second and third toes and complained of a cold sensation in both feet for a period of 1 year. He had been taking diuretics for 4 years. The capillary refilling time for both affected toes was delayed. His antihypertensive drug was changed to a calcium channel blocker under suspicion of Raynaud's phenomenon aggravated by hydrochlorothiazide, and the capillary refilling time normalized within 3 days...
February 7, 2018: Drug Safety—Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411679/pulmonary-atresia-with-an-intact-ventricular-septum-preoperative-physiology-imaging-and-management
#8
Sathish M Chikkabyrappa, Rohit S Loomba, Justin T Tretter
Pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum (PA-IVS) is a rare complex cyanotic congenital heart disease with heterogeneous morphological variation. Prenatal diagnosis allows for developing a safe plan for delivery and postnatal management. While transthoracic echocardiography allows for detailed delineation of the cardiac anatomy, additional imaging modalities such as computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and catheterization may be necessary to further outline features of the cardiac anatomy, specifically coronary artery anatomy...
February 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409559/comparison-of-trace-element-levels-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass-between-cyanotic-and-acyanotic-patients
#9
Firat H Altin, Bahar Ozturk Kurt, Ibrahim C Tanidir, Mehmet Kaya, Okan Yildiz, Meliha Z Kahraman, Sinem B Celebi, Erkut Ozturk, Semra Ozdemir
Trace elements are essential micronutrients for the human body. In this study, we evaluated the alterations in copper, chromium, manganese, selenium, magnesium, zinc, iron, arsenic, boron, and silicon levels in children with cyanotic and acyanotic CHD who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Participants were divided into the following three groups: patients acyanotic CHDs (n=34), patients with cyanotic CHDs (n=30), and healthy controls (n=30). Blood samples were collected before the surgery and 1 hour after the sternum was closed...
February 7, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395174/efficacy-of-a-novel-palivizumab-prophylaxis-protocol-for-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-in-congenital-heart-disease-a-multicenter-study
#10
Shuenn-Nan Chiu, Jieh-Neng Wang, Yun-Ching Fu, Hung-Tao Chung, Ling-Yin Chang, Mei-Hwan Wu, Yu-Chuan Hua, Ming-Tai Lin, Chun-Wei Lu, Chun-An Chen, Jing-Ming Wu, Jou-Kou Wang
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the efficacy of a novel palivizumab protocol for hemodynamically significant congenital heart disease (hsCHD) in subtropical areas without clear respiratory syncytial virus seasonality. STUDY DESIGN: Since July 2013, the National Health Insurance program has provided reimbursement for palivizumab prophylaxis with a novel monthly protocol in selected patients with hsCHD under 1 year of age. We performed a multicenter study to assess the trend of respiratory syncytial virus hospitalizations in patients with hsCHD from 2010 to 2016 during the prepalivizumab, transition, and postpalivizumab periods, and compared treatment and propensity-matched control groups...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384892/hemoglobin-levels-across-the-pediatric-critical-care-spectrum-a-point-prevalence-study
#11
Nabil E Hassan, Diann E Reischman, Robert K Fitzgerald, Edward Vincent S Faustino
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevailing hemoglobin levels in PICU patients, and any potential correlates. DESIGN: Post hoc analysis of prospective multicenter observational data. SETTINGS: Fifty-nine PICUs in seven countries. PATIENTS: PICU patients on four specific days in 2012. INTERVENTIONS: None. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Patients' hemoglobin and other clinical and institutional data...
January 30, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372615/pattern-of-inpatient-pediatric-cardiology-consultations-in-sub-saharan-africa
#12
Kriti Puri, Peter Kazembe, Treasure Mkaliainga, Msandeni Chiume, Antonio G Cabrera, Amy Sims Sanyahumbi
Malawi is one of the poorest nations in the world, ranked 151st among 195 countries by the World Bank, with an under-5-year mortality rate of 63 per 1000 live births. There are no previous studies describing the spectrum of inpatient pediatric cardiology consultations in sub-Saharan Africa. A descriptive cohort study was performed at Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH), a tertiary care hospital in Lilongwe, Malawi. Demographic, anthropometric, and clinical information for all cardiology consults patients aged 0-18 years admitted to the children's wards over a period of 1 month was reviewed...
January 25, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372563/cladosporium-cladosporioides-complex-infection-in-a-mixed-breed-dog
#13
Matteo Spano, Zuliani Davide, Peano Andrea, Bertazzolo Walter
A 3-year-old female mixed-breed dog was referred with a 2-day history of serious dyspnea, coughing, lethargy, anorexia, and a low-grade right anterior lameness. At presentation, the dog had an increased respiratory rate, dull heart and lung sounds, and cyanotic mucous membranes. It was hyperthermic and slightly dehydrated. Laboratory findings showed mild neutrophilia with a left shift, while serum biochemistry variables were in the normal range. However, urinalysis revealed mild proteinuria and rare erythrocytes and leukocytes on sediment examination...
January 25, 2018: Veterinary Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363855/nrp1-haploinsufficiency-predisposes-to-the-development-of-tetralogy-of-fallot
#14
Ivan Duran, Jessica Tenney, Carmen M Warren, Anna Sarukhanov, Fabiana Csukasi, Mark Skalansky, Maria L Iruela-Arispe, Deborah Krakow
Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most common cyanotic congenital heart defect. It involves anatomical abnormalities that change the normal flow of blood through the heart resulting in low oxygenation. Although not all of the underlying causes of TOF are completely understood, the disease has been associated with varying genetic etiologies including chromosomal abnormalities and Mendelian disorders, but can also occur as an isolated defect. In this report, we describe a familial case of TOF associated with a 1...
January 24, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362005/a-rare-cause-of-cyanosis-in-newborns-arteriovenous-fistula-between-the-right-pulmonary-artery-and-the-left-atrium-and-its-treatment
#15
Kahraman Yakut, Birgul Varan, Murat Ozkan
The formation of a fistula between the right pulmonary artery and the left atrium via a sac is a very rare cyanotic congenital cardiopulmonary defect. A fistula between the pulmonary artery and left atrium may cause cardiac failure in utero. It can safely be treated surgically and in selected cases closure can be performed with transcatheter insertion of a device. In this article, we present a case with a fistula between the right pulmonary artery and the left atrium that was considered unsuitable for transcatheter closure and was safely treated surgically...
January 24, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336401/bleeding-in-the-lung-complicates-a-routine-intracardiac-repair-what-went-wrong
#16
Neeti Makhija, Rohan Magoon, Minati Choudhury, Sivasubramanian Ramakrishnan
Cyanotic congenital heart disease presents an increased tendency to bleed in view of subtle coagulation defects. Airway bleeding can be particularly difficult to manage while maintaining an adequate ventilation. An isolated lung bleed with the exclusion of possible traumatic, medical and surgical causes of bleeding, should alert the attending anesthesiologist to the possibility of the collateral-related bleeding. Preoperative coil embolization remains an important initial management step in a case of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) with major aortopulmonary collaterals...
January 2018: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326774/the-burden-of-truncus-arteriosus-in-an-urban-city-in-africa-how-are-we-fairing
#17
Barakat Adeola Animasahun, Aminat Titilayo Ogunlana, Henry Olusegun Gbelee
Background: The true incidence of truncus arteriosus in underdeveloped countries is difficult to determine. This is due largely to underreporting as a result of nonavailability of technologically advanced facilities to make definitive diagnosis prenatally. There is a lack of data on the profile and outcome of patients with persistent truncus arteriosus (PTA) in Nigeria. This study aims to document the demographic characteristics, mode of presentation, indications for echocardiography, associated anomalies, average age at diagnosis, and outcome of patients with truncus arteriosus in our center...
October 2017: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316539/cyanosis-and-stroke-due-to-functional-cor-triatriatum-dexter-in-a-neonate
#18
Rachel L León, Nicholas B Zaban, Marcus S Schamberger, Chang Y Ho, Ulrike Mietzsch
Small remnants of the right valve of the sinus venosus are commonly found in adults, but the incidence and risk associated with these embryonic remnants in neonates are not well studied. The following report describes a cyanotic neonate with a large Eustachian valve remnant creating a functional cor triatriatum dexter who was initially diagnosed with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. The cyanosis in this infant improved over the first postnatal week with conservative management, but she suffered multifocal subcortical stroke, likely related to her intracardiac shunt...
January 10, 2018: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310560/staged-palliation-of-cyanotic-obstructive-lesions-with-a-modified-right-ventricular-outflow-procedure
#19
Sarosh P Batlivala, Mary K Hood, Jannika Dodge-Khatami, Divya Shakti, Mary B Taylor, Makram R Ebeid, Jorge D Salazar, Ali Dodge-Khatami
BACKGROUND: Traditional palliation for biventricular cyanotic congenital heart lesions often involves staging with systemic-to-pulmonary arterial shunts to secure pulmonary blood flow (PBF) in the newborn period prior to complete repair. However, shunts may lead to life-threatening events secondary to shunt occlusion or acute coronary steal. They may be associated with morbidity secondary to diastolic runoff, systemic steal and volume loading, and do not provide pulsatile flow which has the potential to promote pulmonary artery (PA) growth...
January 2018: World Journal for Pediatric & Congenital Heart Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307966/risk-factors-and-outcome-of-acute-kidney-injury-after-congenital-heart-surgery-a-prospective-observational-study
#20
Shahram Amini, Hasan Abbaspour, Negar Morovatdar, Hojat Naghavi Robabi, Ghasem Soltani, Mohammad Abbasi Tashnizi
Backgrounds and Aims: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent event after congenital heart surgery with increased mortality and morbidity. We investigated frequency, risk factors, and associated morbidity and mortality of AKI after pediatric cardiac surgery at a single institution. Methods: Children undergoing congenital heart surgery from March 2013 to February 2016 were assessed for development of AKI based on modified pediatric Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss, and End-stage renal disease criteria...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
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