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Women and sleep

Camille P Vaughan, Constance H Fung, Alison J Huang, Theodore M Johnson, Alayne D Markland
PURPOSE: Nocturia is associated with poor sleep quality; however, little is known about the relationship between nocturia and sleep quality across different workforce-relevant age groups of adults. This has implications for developing new treatment strategies that are well tolerated across populations. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study involving merged data from the 2005-2006 and 2007-2008 waves of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
October 14, 2016: Clinical Therapeutics
Stella Capriglione, Francesco Plotti, Roberto Montera, Daniela Luvero, Salvatore Lopez, Giuseppe Scaletta, Alessia Aloisi, Giovan Battista Serra, Roberto Angioli
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of paroxetine supplementation on hot flashes and sleep in gynecological cancer survivors. METHODS: In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, postmenopausal women with a prior history of stage 0-III gynecological cancer who had completed active cancer treatment (including hormonal therapy) were randomly assigned 1:1 to either 7.5mg oral paroxetine or placebo daily for 16weeks. Sleep and hot flashes were assessed at baseline, week 4 and week 16...
October 14, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Fei-Chi Chuang, Li-Ching Chu, Fu-Tsai Kung, Kuan-Hui Huang
OBJECTIVE: To validate the traditional Chinese translated version of the prolapse quality of life questionnaire (P-QOL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The P-QOL questionnaire was translated into traditional Chinese characters and administered to women recruited from gynecologic outpatient clinics of Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. After the test-retest reliability and internal consistency were established in a pilot study, all participants completed the P-QOL questionnaire and were examined in the lithotomy position using the Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification System (POP-Q)...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Massimiliano de Zambotti, John Trinder, Harold Javitz, Ian M Colrain, Fiona C Baker
OBJECTIVE: Insomnia disorder is a risk factor for cardiovascular (CV) pathology. It is unknown whether insomnia that develops in the context of the menopausal transition (MT) impacts the CV system. We assessed nocturnal blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) profiles in women with insomnia disorder in the MT. METHODS: Twelve women meeting DSM-IV criteria for insomnia in the MT (age, mean ± SD: 50.5 ± 3.6 y) and 11 controls (age, mean ± SD: 49.0 ± 3...
October 3, 2016: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Paula C Jordani, Letícia B Campi, Gabriela Z Circeli, Corine Visscher, Marcelo E Bigal, Daniela A G Gonçalves
We conducted a clinical cross-sectional study to evaluate the association between obesity and the presence of painful temporomandibular disorders (TMD), controlling for age, gender, presence of migraine, depression, non-specific somatic symptoms and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in an adult population METHODS: A total of 299 individuals (76.6% women) with a mean age of 36.8 ± 12.8 years were evaluated. TMD were classified using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD)...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
Birgit Kleim, Julia Wysokowsky, Nuria Schmid, Erich Seifritz, Björn Rasch
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate sleep's effect in the immediate aftermath of experiencing an analog trauma in the laboratory on reducing intrusive emotional memory formation. METHODS: Sixty-five healthy women were exposed to an experimental laboratory trauma. They viewed a neutral and a trauma film in the laboratory and were randomly allocated to either a group that slept following film viewing or a group that remained awake. Sleep was recorded with electroencephalogram in a subgroup of participants in the sleep group...
October 10, 2016: Sleep
Alan D Brailsford, Christiaan Bartlett, Andrew T Kicman, David A Cowan
The administration of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) has been reported to augment the increase in growth hormone (GH) secretion associated with the onset of sleep. The ability of GHB to stimulate GH production in the absence of sleep in both male and female volunteers was investigated as part of a GHB administration study. Twelve healthy volunteers (six men and six women) were given a small oral dose (25 mg/kg) of GHB (as Xyrem(®)) at 10:00 h. Basal blood samples (as serum) were taken 10 min prior to GHB administration, with additional samples taken at 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 150, 180, 240, 360 and 480 min post-administration...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
Emmanuelle Berthelot, David Montani, Vincent Algalarrondo, Céline Dreyfus, Raed Rifai, Anouar Benmalek, Xavier Jais, Amir Bouchachi, Laurent Savale, Gerald Simonneau, Denis Chemla, Marc Humbert, Olivier Sitbon, Patrick Assayag
BACKGROUND: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a frequent cause of pulmonary hypertension (PH) that is not easy to differentiate from precapillary PH. We aimed to determine whether the characteristic features of the patients may help differentiate between HFpEF and precapillary-PH. METHODS AND RESULTS: Clinical and echocardiographic parameters were analyzed in 156 patients referred to our PH referral center. Right heart catheterization identified 78 PH-HFpEF patients and 78 precapillary-PH...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Failure
Kathryn A Lee, Caryl L Gay, Christopher R Alsten
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a home-based cognitive-behavioral training program for sleep during late pregnancy. METHODS: A nonrandomized quasiexperimental sample of nulliparous women who received the intervention during pregnancy (n=25) was compared with two control groups (n=76 and n=48) from other intervention studies at similar postintervention time points: approximately 1 month before childbirth and 1-2 months after childbirth. The home-based Sleep Enhancement Training System for Pregnancy consisted of 4 weeks of sound-enhanced audio relaxation programs, readings, and daily sleep diaries...
October 6, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Joshua H Baker, Scott D Rothenberger, Christopher E Kline, Michele L Okun
OBJECTIVES/BACKGROUND: Pregnant women report disturbed sleep beginning in early pregnancy. Among nonpregnant populations, exercise has been associated with improved sleep; however, research in pregnant samples has been equivocal. We examined whether varying degrees of exercise were associated with better nocturnal sleep among pregnant women during early gestation. PARTICIPANTS: 172 pregnant women. METHODS: Self-reported sleep and exercise and objective sleep were collected during early gestation: T1 (10-12 weeks), T2 (14-16 weeks), and T3 (18-20 weeks) from 172 pregnant women...
October 14, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Yuuki Matsumoto, Naohisa Uchimura, Tetsuya Ishida, Kouji Toyomasu, Yoshitaka Morimatsu, Mihoko Mori, Nanae Kushino, Michiko Hoshiko, Tatsuya Ishitake
Both a higher suicide rate and widespread sleep problems are serious health concerns in Japan when compared with those of other countries. We investigated the relationship between suicidal ideation and sleep problems in Japanese day workers using the 3-dimensional sleep scale (3DSS), which measures three sleep elements (phase, quality, and quantity). Data from 635 Japanese day workers (461 mens and 174 womens) were included. The 3DSS was used to assess participants' sleep condition. Participants were classified into eight sleep types based on scores of phase, quality, and quantity: All Good Sleep, Owl (poor phase), Inefficient (poor quality), Short (poor quantity), Owl + Inefficient (poor phase and quality), Owl + Short (poor phase and quantity), Inefficient + Short (poor quality and quantity), and All Poor Sleep...
2016: Sleep and Biological Rhythms
Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen, Tavis S Campbell, Gerald F Giesbrecht, Nicole L Letourneau, Linda E Carlson, Joshua W Madsen, Sona Dimidjian
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant psychological distress in pregnancy is common, with epidemiological research suggesting that between 15 and 25 % of pregnant women experience elevated symptoms of stress, anxiety, and depression. Untreated psychological distress in pregnancy is associated with poor obstetrical outcomes, changes in maternal physiology, elevated incidence of child physical and psychological disorders, and is predictive of maternal postpartum mood disorders. Despite the wide-ranging impact of antenatal psychological distress on mothers and their children, there is a gap in our knowledge about the most effective treatments that are available for psychological distress experienced in pregnancy...
October 13, 2016: Trials
Adrian Andrzej Chrobak, Anna Tereszko, Daria Dembinska-Krajewska, Aleksandra Arciszewska, Marcin Siwek, Dominika Dudek, Janusz Rybakowski
Chronotype is a stable trait presenting one's circardian preference. Since chronotype disturbances are common in patients with affective disorders, our aim is to evaluate chronotypes related to affective temperaments, measured with the temperament evaluation of Memphis, Pisa and San Diego-Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A). The study included 618 subjects (151 men and 467 women) within the framework of web-based design. They all fulfilled a questionnaire, consisting of the Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM), Sleep Wake Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SWPAQ), and the TEMPS-A scale...
October 13, 2016: Chronobiology International
I M Madaeva, O N Berdina, N V Semenova, L A Grebenkina, V V Madaev, L I Kolesnikova
AIM: To reveal gender characteristics of the sleep structure in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) during polysomnographic monitoring (PSGM). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: According to the results of a pre-survey using an apnea screening questionnaire, the investigation included 58 women (body mass index (BMI), 38.2±2.1 kg/m2) and 75 men (BMI, 34.2±1.8 kg/m2), aged 50-55 years, who complained about snoring, sleep apnea, and daytime hypersomnia. Copy-pair groups were formed and compared after objectively confirming the diagnosis by PSGM made at a specialized sleep laboratory, by applying the GRASS-TELEFACTOR Twin PSG system (Comet) with an integrated SPM-1 sleep module (USA) in accordance with the standard procedure...
2016: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Masahiko Ayaki, Motoko Kawashima, Kazuno Negishi, Taishiro Kishimoto, Masaru Mimura, Kazuo Tsubota
The aim of the present study was to evaluate sleep and mood disorders in women aged 30-69 with dry eye disease (DED). All subjects underwent corneal examinations, with 890 completing a questionnaire regarding symptoms of DED and 213 completing both the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) questionnaires. Subjects were then divided into three groups based on age (younger [30-45 years], perimenopausal [46-55 years], and older [56-69 years]), and comparisons were made among groups in subjects with and without DED...
October 12, 2016: Scientific Reports
Marianne Hauan, Linn B Strand, Lars E Laugsand
OBJECTIVE: Although elevated heart rate and blood pressure might represent biologically plausible links for the association of insomnia symptoms with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), few large studies have investigated the associations of insomnia symptoms with these factors. Our aim was to investigate the associations of self-reported insomnia symptoms with systolic and diastolic blood pressure and resting heart rate in a large population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: Self-reported information on insomnia symptoms, including sleep initiation problems, frequent awakening and early awakenings during night, and measurements of resting heart rate and blood pressure were collected from a total of 50,806 men and women who participated in the third wave of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT-3) in 2006-2008...
October 11, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
Tamara Shiner, Anat Mirelman, Mali Gana Weisz, Anat Bar-Shira, Elissa Ash, Ron Cialic, Naomi Nevler, Tanya Gurevich, Noa Bregman, Avi Orr-Urtreger, Nir Giladi
Importance: Mutations in the glucocerebrosidase (GBA) gene are a risk factor for the development of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). These mutations are common among Ashkenazi Jews (AJ) and appear to have an effect on the natural history of the disease. Objectives: To evaluate the clinical and genetic characteristics of an AJ cohort of patients diagnosed with DLB, assess the association of phenotype of DLB with GBA mutations, and explore the effects of these mutations on the clinical course of the disease...
October 10, 2016: JAMA Neurology
Heidi Collins Fantasia
It is estimated that up to 80% of women experience symptoms related to declining estrogen levels that occur with menopause. The most common bothersome symptoms reported by women during and after this transition are vasomotor symptoms, which can include hot flashes, flushing, night sweats, and sleep disturbances. These symptoms are the most common reason women seek care during menopause. Until recently, the mainstay of treatment and symptom relief has been estrogen supplementation. In 2013, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved paroxetine, a low-dose selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, as the first nonhormonal treatment for moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms of menopause...
October 2016: Nursing for Women's Health
William A Pitney, Celest Weuve, Stephanie Mazerolle
CONTEXT:  Workplace bullying (WPB) has recently received much attention in society. Research on WPB in athletic training practice settings is limited. OBJECTIVE:  To determine the prevalence of WPB in the secondary school setting and explore the factors related to it. DESIGN:  Mixed-methods study. SETTING:  Secondary school. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:  A total of 567 athletic trainers (women = 322 [56...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Samira Abbasi, Nasrollah Alimohammadi, Saeid Pahlavanzadeh
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis is accompanied by secondary clinical signs such as insomnia. Considering the side effects of drugs and also increasing acceptability of psychotherapy methods in health systems, we aimed to determine the effect of group cognitive behavioral therapy on the quality of sleep in women with multiple sclerosis in 2014. METHODS: This study is a randomized controlled clinical conducted on 72 women with multiple sclerosis who referred to medical centers of Isfahan...
October 2016: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
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