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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099596/impact-of-chronic-urticaria-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-followed-up-at-a-university-hospital
#1
Gabriela Andrade Coelho Dias, Gisele Viana Pires, Solange Oliveira Rodrigues do Valle, Sérgio Duarte Dortas, Soloni Levy, Alfeu Tavares França, Ilaria Baiardini, Walter Giorgio Canonica
BACKGROUND: Chronic urticaria is a debilitating disease that considerably affects health-related quality of life, and the Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaire is the only questionnaire specifically designed for its evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of life of patients with chronic urticaria, using the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaire. METHODS: The Chronic Urticaria Quality of Life Questionnaire was self-administered in 112 chronic urticaria patients and disease activity was assessed through the Urticaria Activity Score...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099291/transcutaneous-carbon-dioxide-measurements-in-women-receiving-intrathecal-morphine-for-cesarean-delivery-a-prospective-observational-study
#2
Jeanette R Bauchat, Robert McCarthy, Paul Fitzgerald, Stephen Kolb, Cynthia A Wong
BACKGROUND: Neuraxial morphine is the most commonly used analgesic technique after cesarean delivery. The incidence of respiratory depression is reported to be very low (0%-1.2%) in this patient population as measured by pulse oximetry and respiratory rates. However, hypercapnia may be a more sensitive measure of respiratory depression. In the current study, the incidence of hypercapnia events (transcutaneous CO2 [TcCO2] >50 mm Hg) for ≥2-minute duration was evaluated using the Topological Oscillation Search with Kinematical Analysis monitor in women who received intrathecal morphine for postcesarean delivery analgesia...
January 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097381/rotating-night-shift-work-sleep-and-colorectal-adenoma-in-women
#3
Elizabeth E Devore, Jennifer Massa, Kyriaki Papantoniou, Eva S Schernhammer, Kana Wu, Xuehong Zhang, Walter C Willett, Charles S Fuchs, Andrew T Chan, Shuji Ogino, Edward Giovannucci, Esther K Wei
PURPOSE: This study aims to investigate the associations of rotating night shift work history and sleep duration with risk of colorectal adenoma. METHODS: We evaluated 56,275 cancer-free participants of the Nurses' Health Study II, who had their first colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy between 1991 and 2011; rotating night shift work and sleep duration were reported by mailed questionnaire. Multivariable-adjusted logistic regression was used to estimate relative risks (RR) of colorectal adenoma, with 95% confidence intervals (CI), across categories of rotating night shift work history (none, 1-4, 5-9, and ≥10 years) and sleep duration (≤5, 6, 7, 8, and ≥9 h/day)...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095972/sex-specific-difference-in-the-association-between-poor-sleep-quality-and-abdominal-obesity-in-rural-chinese-a-large-population-based-study
#4
Ru-Qing Liu, Zhengmin Qian, Si-Quan Wang, Michael G Vaughn, Sarah Dee Geiger, Hong Xian, Shao Lin, Gunther Paul, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Bo-Yi Yang, Li-Wen Hu, Shu-Li Xu, Mo Yang, Guang-Hui Dong
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Existing studies on sleep quality and associated obesity are inconsistent, and few studies have prospectively evaluated the association between sleep quality and abdominal obesity among Chinese individuals. To fill this void, the current study aimed to assess the association between sleep quality and abdominal obesity in a rural Chinese population. METHODS: A representative sample of 9,404 adults aged 20-93 y in northeastern China was selected between 2012 and 2013 by a multistage cluster and random sampling method...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095965/vamonos-veterans-affairs-metabolism-obstructed-and-non-obstructed-sleep-study-effects-of-cpap-therapy-on-glucose-metabolism-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Octavian C Ioachimescu, Jeremy Anthony, Tina Constantin, Mary-Margaret Ciavatta, Kandace McCarver, Mary Ellen Sweeney
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are prevalent disorders that pose increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death. The objective of this study was to clarify if continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for OSA affects T2DM control and emergence. METHODS: Point-of-care, comparative effectiveness study; cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. RESULTS: Our cohort included 928 consecutive patients; 13% were women; 36% were Caucasians and 61% African-Americans...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094865/long-term-side-effects-on-the-temporomandibular-joints-and-orofacial-function-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-treated-with-a-mandibular-advancement-device
#6
Sofie W Knappe, Merete Bakke, Palle Svanholt, Arne Petersson, Liselotte Sonnesen
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in long-term treatment with a mandibular advancement device (MAD) to increase the upper airway space, may develop changes in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and the orofacial function due to the protruded jaw position during sleep. The aim was to investigate the influence of long-term MAD treatment on the TMJs, orofacial function and occlusion. This prospective study included 30 men and 13 women (median age 54) with OSA (Apnoea-Hypopnoea Index (AHI): 7-57). They were examined with the Nordic Orofacial Test Screening (NOT-S), the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) of the TMJs...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093830/age-affects-sleep-microstructure-more-than-sleep-macrostructure
#7
Johanna F A Schwarz, Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Eva Lindberg, Georg Gruber, Håkan Fischer, Jenny Theorell-Haglöw
It is well known that the quantity and quality of physiological sleep changes across age. However, so far the effect of age on sleep microstructure has been mostly addressed in small samples. The current study examines the effect of age on several measures of sleep macro- and microstructure in 211 women (22-71 years old) of the 'Sleep and Health in Women' study for whom ambulatory polysomnography was registered. Older age was associated with significantly lower fast spindle (effect size f(2)  = 0.32) and K-complex density (f(2)  = 0...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089108/-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-primary-care-nurses-about-the-management-of-patients-with-insomnia
#8
María Clara Vidal-Thomàs, Beatriz Yañez-Amoros, Isabel Torrens, Elena Torres-Solera, Magdalena Esteva
OBJECTIVE: To describe the knowledge, attitudes, and performance of primary care nurses in the management of patients with insomnia. METHODS: Descriptive study. An online questionnaire was sent to all primary care nurses of the Majorca Primary Care Department between June-July 2014. MEASUREMENTS: sociodemographic variables, professional characteristics, tuition, usual clinical practice in the management of patients with insomnia. RESULTS: 138 nurses answered the questionnaire (47%)...
January 6, 2017: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088111/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-generalized-anxiety-disorder-screener-gad-7-based-on-a-large-german-general-population-sample
#9
Andreas Hinz, Annette M Klein, Elmar Brähler, Heide Glaesmer, Tobias Luck, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Kerstin Wirkner, Anja Hilbert
BACKGROUND: The Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scales GAD-7 and GAD-2 are instruments for the assessment of anxiety. The aims of this study are to test psychometric properties of these questionnaires, to provide normative values, and to investigate associations with sociodemographic factors, quality of life, psychological variables, and behavioral factors. METHODS: A German community sample (n=9721) with an age range of 18-80 years was surveyed using the GAD-7 and several other questionnaires...
December 18, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081532/cardiovascular-events-in-moderately-to-severely-obese-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-on-positive-airway-pressure-therapy
#10
Anna Maria Marotta, Jean-Christian Borel, Louis M Galerneau, Renaud Tamisier, Maria R Bonsignore, Jean Louis Pépin
BACKGROUND: In moderately to severely obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the effects of long-term positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment on cardiovascular risk are poorly defined. PURPOSE: To assess the effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on the occurrence of cardiovascular events in obese OSA patients. METHODS: We performed a noninterventional observational study in obese OSA patients recruited between 2007 and 2010 at the Sleep Center, University of Grenoble, treated with CPAP or NIV, and followed for 5...
January 13, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081322/does-cpap-treatment-affect-the-voice
#11
Güleser Saylam, Mustafa Şahin, Dilek Demiral, Ömer Bayır, Melike Bağnu Yüceege, Emel Çadallı Tatar, Mehmet Hakan Korkmaz
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate alterations in voice parameters among patients using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with an indication for CPAP treatment without any voice problems and with normal laryngeal findings were included and voice parameters were evaluated before and 1 and 6 months after CPAP. Videolaryngostroboscopic findings, a self-rated scale (Voice Handicap Index-10, VHI-10), perceptual voice quality assessment (GRBAS: grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain), and acoustic parameters were compared...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078617/changes-in-the-first-postoperative-night-bispectral-index-of-patients-after-thyroidectomy-with-different-types-of-primary-anesthetic-management-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Wen-Fei Tan, Zhi-Lin Wang, Hong Ma, Feng Jin, Huang-Wei Lu
Despite major advances in anesthesia management and developments in anesthetic agents, postoperative sleep disturbances remain dissatisfactory for many patients. We hypothesized that propofol might have a subtle influence on sleep after thyroidectomy compared to sevoflurane. A randomized, single-blinded, controlled trial was conducted at the First Hospital of China Medical University from October 2014 to October 2015. One hundred and twenty-four patients undergoing thyroidectomy were enrolled and received sevoflurane (sevoflurane group) or propofol (propofol group) as anesthesia maintenance...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078407/-diagnostic-accuracy-of-outpatient-polygraphy-devices-a%C3%A2-comparison-with-inpatient-polysomnography-in-clinical-routine
#13
J Lindemann, B Augenstein, F Stupp, B Saul, M Reichert, R Riepl, F Sommer, A-S Grossi
BACKGROUND: Cardiorespiratory polysomnography (PSG) is considered the reference method for diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Due to waiting times and high costs, payers increasingly request outpatient polygraphy (PG) as an alternative to inpatient PSG. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of different outpatient PG devices compared to stationary PSG in clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Externally collected outpatient PG findings of 406 patients were retrospectively compared with the corresponding PSG findings...
January 11, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077252/incorporating-body-type-apple-vs-pear-in-stop-bang-questionnaire-improves-its-validity-to-detect-osa
#14
Lisa Sangkum, Ikrita Klair, Chok Limsuwat, Sabrina Bent, Leann Myers, Supat Thammasitboon
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to evaluate whether adding the item of "apple body type" to the STOP-BANG questionnaire enhances diagnostic performance of the questionnaire for detecting obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Sleep center setting. PATIENTS: Two hundred and eight subjects who were referred for an evaluation of possible OSA at Tulane Comprehensive Sleep Center...
January 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076650/chronotype-and-anxiety-are-associated-in-patients-with-chronic-primary-insomnia
#15
Giselle S Passos, Marcos G Santana, Dalva Poyares, Carolina V D'Aurea, Alexandre A Teixeira, Sergio Tufik, Marco T de Mello
Objective: To assess the interaction of chronotype with anxiety in patients with chronic primary insomnia. Methods: Sixty-four patients (50 women) with mean age 43.9±8.1 years were investigated with the Horne and Östberg Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Results: Significant negative correlations of chronotype-MEQ score with STAI state-anxiety (r = -0.40, p < 0.05), STAI trait-anxiety (r = -0...
January 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070478/the-effect-of-modifiable-healthy-practices-on-higher-level-functional-capacity-decline-among-japanese-community-dwellers
#16
Rei Otsuka, Yukiko Nishita, Chikako Tange, Makiko Tomida, Yuki Kato, Mariko Nakamoto, Fujiko Ando, Hiroshi Shimokata, Takao Suzuki
This study aimed to clarify the effects of the accumulation of 8 modifiable practices related to health, including smoking, alcohol drinking, physical activity, sleeping hours, body mass index, dietary diversity, ikigai (life worth living), and health checkup status, on higher-level functional capacity decline among Japanese community dwellers. Data were derived from the National Institute for Longevity Sciences - Longitudinal Study of Aging. Subjects comprised 1269 men and women aged 40 to 79 years at baseline (1997-2000) who participated in a follow-up postal survey (2013)...
March 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066952/fatigue-depression-maternal-confidence-and-maternal-satisfaction-during-the-first-month-postpartum-a-comparison-of-japanese-mothers-by-age-and-parity
#17
Emi Mori, Miyako Tsuchiya, Kunie Maehara, Hiroko Iwata, Akiko Sakajo, Koji Tamakoshi
The aim of the study was to assess fatigue, depressive symptoms, and maternal confidence or satisfaction among older primiparae during the first month postpartum. The number of older Japanese primiparae has rapidly increased. Older primiparae are believed to be at high risk for puerperal morbidity. A multicentre prospective cohort study design was used. Data were examined from 2854 Japanese women who participated in a 6-month prospective cohort study conducted between May 2012 and September 2013. The women were classified into 4 groups based on maternal age and parity...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065888/change-in-organizational-justice-as-a-predictor-of-insomnia-symptoms-longitudinal-study-analysing-observational-data-as-a-non-randomized-pseudo-trial
#18
Tea Lallukka, Jaana I Halonen, Børge Sivertsen, Jaana Pentti, Sari Stenholm, Marianna Virtanen, Paula Salo, Tuula Oksanen, Marko Elovainio, Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: Despite injustice at the workplace being a potential source of sleep problems, longitudinal evidence remains scarce. We examined whether changes in perceived organizational justice predicted changes in insomnia symptoms. METHODS: Data on 24 287 Finnish public sector employees (82% women), from three consecutive survey waves between 2000 and 2012, were treated as 'pseudo-trials'. Thus, the analysis of unfavourable changes in organizational justice included participants without insomnia symptoms in Waves 1 and 2, with high organizational justice in Wave 1 and high or low justice in Wave 2 (N = 6307)...
January 8, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064171/back-complaints-in-the-elders-in-brazil-and-the-netherlands-a-cross-sectional-comparison
#19
Fabianna R Jesus-Moraleida, Paulo H Ferreira, Manuela L Ferreira, Juscelio P Silva, Christopher G Maher, Wendy T M Enthoven, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Bart W Koes, Pim A J Luijsterburg, Leani S M Pereira
BACKGROUND: although back pain is most prevalent in older adults, there is a paucity of studies investigating back pain in older people. Our objective was to characterize and compare Brazilian and Dutch older adults presenting to primary care with a new episode of back pain. We also aimed to investigate whether socio-demographic characteristics were associated with pain severity and disability. METHODS: we sourced data on 602 Brazilian and 675 Dutch participants aged ≥55 years with a new episode of back pain from the Back Complaints in the Elders consortium...
January 6, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062343/symptom-clusters-change-over-time-in-women-receiving-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-breast-cancer
#20
Randa M Albusoul, Ann M Berger, Caryl L Gay, Susan L Janson, Kathryn A Lee
CONTEXT: Patients with breast cancer receiving chemotherapy (CTX) experience multiple concurrent symptoms, but little is known about how symptoms change during and after treatment. Knowledge of the identity and trajectory of symptom clusters (SCs) would enhance measurement and management. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to identify SCs and their change over time from baseline to completion of breast cancer CTX. METHODS: SCs were identified and assessed for change in 219 women from Nebraska at four times: baseline, during cycles #3 and #4 of CTX, and one-month after finishing CTX...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
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