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Diffusion of innovation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772646/an-innovative-porous-nanocomposite-material-for-the-removal-of-phenolic-compounds-from-aqueous-solutions
#1
Antonio Turco, Anna Grazia Monteduro, Elisabetta Mazzotta, Giuseppe Maruccio, Cosimino Malitesta
Energy efficient, low-cost, user-friendly, and green methods for the removal of toxic phenolic compounds from aqueous solution are necessary for waste treatment in industrial applications. Herein we present an interesting approach for the utilization of oxidized carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in the removal of phenolic compounds from aqueous solution. Dried pristine CNTs were stably incorporated in a solid porous support of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) facilitating the handling during both oxidation process of the nanomaterial and uptake of phenolic compounds, and enabling their safe disposal, avoiding expensive post-treatment processes...
May 16, 2018: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766420/exploring-innovative-techniques-for-identifying-geochemical-elements-as-fingerprints-of-sediment-sources-in-an-agricultural-catchment-of-argentina-affected-by-soil-erosion
#2
Romina Torres Astorga, Sergio de Los Santos Villalobos, Hugo Velasco, Olgioly Domínguez-Quintero, Renan Pereira Cardoso, Roberto Meigikos Dos Anjos, Yacouba Diawara, Gerd Dercon, Lionel Mabit
Identification of hot spots of land degradation is strongly related with the selection of soil tracers for sediment pathways. This research proposes the complementary and integrated application of two analytical techniques to select the most suitable fingerprint tracers for identifying the main sources of sediments in an agricultural catchment located in Central Argentina with erosive loess soils. Diffuse reflectance Fourier transformed in the mid-infrared range (DRIFT-MIR) spectroscopy and energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence (EDXRF) were used for a suitable fingerprint selection...
May 15, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751754/examining-diffusion-to-understand-the-how-of-sasa-a-violence-against-women-and-hiv-prevention-intervention-in-uganda
#3
Elizabeth Starmann, Lori Heise, Nambusi Kyegombe, Karen Devries, Tanya Abramsky, Lori Michau, Tina Musuya, Charlotte Watts, Martine Collumbien
BACKGROUND: A growing number of complex public health interventions combine mass media with community-based "change agents" and/or mobilisation efforts acting at multiple levels. While impact evaluations are important, there is a paucity of research into the more nuanced roles intervention and social network factors may play in achieving intervention outcomes, making it difficult to understand how different aspects of the intervention worked (or did not). This study applied aspects of diffusion of innovations theory to explore how SASA!, a community mobilisation approach for preventing HIV and violence against women, diffused within intervention communities and the factors that influenced the uptake of new ideas and behaviours around intimate partner relationships and violence...
May 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748030/pharmacies-versus-doctors-offices-for-adolescent-vaccination
#4
Parth D Shah, Macary W Marciniak, Shelley D Golden, Justin G Trogdon, Carol E Golin, Noel T Brewer
PURPOSE: We evaluated how parents' willingness to get their children HPV vaccine from pharmacists related to their perceptions of relative advantages of vaccination in pharmacies compared to doctors' offices. METHODS: Participants were a national sample of 1500 U.S. parents of adolescents ages 11-17 recruited in 2014-15. In an online survey, items informed by Diffusion of Innovation Theory assessed parents' perceptions of the relative advantages of HPV vaccine delivery in pharmacies and doctors' offices...
May 7, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745063/effect-of-viscosity-and-dielectric-constant-variation-on-fractional-fluorescence-quenching-analysis-of-coumarin-dye-in-binary-solvent-mixtures
#5
P Bhavya, Raveendra Melavanki, Raviraj Kusanur, Kalpana Sharma, V T Muttannavar, L R Naik
Photo physical properties of fluorescent organic compounds give an immense improved knowledge on characteristics of excited state that is beneficial to devise innovate molecules and understand their performance in particular applications. Coumarin derivatives have been extensively investigated in this regard. This article narrates steady state fluorescence quenching measurements of a coumarin derivative namely 3-hydroxy-3-[2-oxo-2-(3-oxo-3H-benzo[f]chromen-2-yl)-ethyl]-1,3-dihydro-indol-2-one (3HBCD) in a binary mixture of acetonitrile and 1,4-dioxane...
May 10, 2018: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744949/plasma-induced-amorphous-shell-and-deep-cation-site-s-doping-endow-tio-2-with-extraordinary-sodium-storage-performance
#6
Hanna He, Dan Huang, Weikong Pang, Dan Sun, Qi Wang, Yougen Tang, Xiaobo Ji, Zaiping Guo, Haiyan Wang
Structural design and modification are effective approaches to regulate the physicochemical properties of TiO2 , which play an important role in achieving advanced materials. Herein, a plasma-assisted method is reported to synthesize a surface-defect-rich and deep-cation-site-rich S doped rutile TiO2 (R-TiO2- x -S) as an advanced anode for the Na ion battery. An amorphous shell (≈3 nm) is induced by the Ar/H2 plasma, which brings about the subsequent high S doping concentration (≈4.68 at%) and deep doping depth...
May 10, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737473/uptake-of-brca-1-2-and-oncotype-dx-testing-by-medical-and-surgical-oncologists
#7
Yonina R Murciano-Goroff, Anne Marie McCarthy, Mirar N Bristol, Peter Groeneveld, Susan M Domchek, U Nkiru Motanya, Katrina Armstrong
PURPOSE: The diffusion of genomic testing is critical to the success of precision medicine, but there is limited information on oncologists' uptake of genetic technology. We aimed to assess the frequency with which medical oncologists and surgeons order BRCA 1/2 and Oncotype DX testing for breast cancer patients. METHODS: We surveyed 732 oncologists and surgeons treating breast cancer patients. Physicians were from Florida, New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania, and were listed in the 2010 AMA Masterfile or identified by patients...
May 8, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719955/controllable-electrochemical-fabrication-of-ko-2-decorated-binder-free-cathodes-for-rechargeable-lithium-oxygen-batteries
#8
Wei Yu, Huwei Wang, Lei Qin, Junyang Hu, Liang Liu, Baohua Li, Dengyun Zhai, Feiyu Kang
Understanding the electrochemical property of superoxides in alkali metal oxygen batteries is critical for the design of a stable oxygen battery with high capacity and long cycle performance. In this work, a KO2 -decorated binder-free cathode is fabricated by a simple and efficient electrochemical strategy. KO2 nanoparticles are uniformly coated on the carbon nanotube film (CNT-f) through a controllable discharge process in the K-O2 battery, and the KO2 -decorated CNT-f is innovatively introduced into the Li-O2 battery as the O2 diffusion electrode...
May 3, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718975/modeling-the-diffusion-of-complex-innovations-as-a-process-of-opinion-formation-through-social-networks
#9
Valentina A Assenova
Complex innovations- ideas, practices, and technologies that hold uncertain benefits for potential adopters-often vary in their ability to diffuse in different communities over time. To explain why, I develop a model of innovation adoption in which agents engage in naïve (DeGroot) learning about the value of an innovation within their social networks. Using simulations on Bernoulli random graphs, I examine how adoption varies with network properties and with the distribution of initial opinions and adoption thresholds...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718799/i-sought-it-i-reddit-examining-health-information-engagement-behaviors-among-reddit-users
#10
Rachael A Record, Will R Silberman, Joshua E Santiago, Taewook Ham
Given the wide use of social media, these platforms have become important channels for understanding health-related information engagement processes. Reddit is a social media platform dedicated to user-generated content and discourse around the world. However, little research exists regarding use of the platform. Guided by the diffusion of innovation theory, the purpose of this study was to analyze Reddit users' behaviors on the platform related to perceptions of information credibility, health information seeking, and behavioral enactment of information found...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713720/real-time-detection-and-monitoring-of-the-drug-resistance-of-single-myeloid-leukemia-cells-by-diffused-total-internal-reflection
#11
L Liang, Y X Jin, X Q Zhu, F L Zhou, Y Yang
Real-time detection and monitoring of the drug resistance of single cells have important significance in clinical diagnosis and therapy. Traditional methods operate a number of times for each individual concentration, and innovation is required for the design of more simple and efficient manipulation platforms with necessary higher sensitivity. Here, we have developed a novel diffused total internal reflection (TIR) method to perform drug metabolism and cytotoxicity analysis of trapped myeloid leukemia cells...
May 1, 2018: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707798/exposure-hazard-and-survival-analysis-of-diffusion-on-social-networks
#12
Jiacheng Wu, Forrest W Crawford, David A Kim, Derek Stafford, Nicholas A Christakis
Sociologists, economists, epidemiologists, and others recognize the importance of social networks in the diffusion of ideas and behaviors through human societies. To measure the flow of information on real-world networks, researchers often conduct comprehensive sociometric mapping of social links between individuals and then follow the spread of an "innovation" from reports of adoption or change in behavior over time. The innovation is introduced to a small number of individuals who may also be encouraged to spread it to their network contacts...
April 29, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707111/3d-laparoscopic-surgery-a-prospective-clinical-trial
#13
Antonino Agrusa, Giuseppe Di Buono, Salvatore Buscemi, Gaspare Cucinella, Giorgio Romano, Gaspare Gulotta
Since it's introduction, laparoscopic surgery represented a real revolution in clinical practice. The use of a new generation three-dimensional (3D) HD laparoscopic system can be considered a favorable "hybrid" made by combining two different elements: feasibility and diffusion of laparoscopy and improved quality of vision. In this study we report our clinical experience with use of three-dimensional (3D) HD vision system for laparoscopic surgery. Between 2013 and 2017 a prospective cohort study was conducted at the University Hospital of Palermo...
April 3, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696590/direct-nanodrug-delivery-for-tumor-targeting-subject-to-shear-augmented-diffusion-in-blood-flow
#14
Zelin Xu, Clement Kleinstreuer
The advent of multifunctional nanoparticle has enabled numerous innovative strategies in diagnostics, imaging, and cancer therapy. Despite the intense research efforts in developing new nanoparticles and surface bonding ligands, one major obstacle in achieving highly effective treatment, including minimizing detrimental side effects, is the inability to deliver drug-carrying nanoparticles from the injection point directly to the tumor site. The present study seeks to employ a direct nanodrug delivery methodology to feed multifunctional nanoparticles directly to tumor vasculatures, sparing healthy tissue...
April 26, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695874/diffusion-of-a-new-intermediate-product-in-a-simple-classical-schumpeterian-model
#15
David Haas
This paper deals with the problem of new intermediate products within a simple model, where production is circular and goods enter into the production of other goods. It studies the process by which the new good is absorbed into the economy and the structural transformation that goes with it. By means of a long-period method the forces of structural transformation are examined, in particular the shift of existing means of production towards the innovation and the mechanism of differential growth in terms of alternative techniques and their associated systems of production...
May 2018: Metroeconomica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694570/health-as-science-and-the-biological-body-as-an-artifact-the-case-of-brazil-s-national-tv-news-program-jornal-nacional
#16
Eduardo Caron, Aurea Maria Zöllner Ianni, Fernando Lefevre
This article presents the findings of a study of the coverage of health, science and technology during 2012 by the Jornal Nacional, a national television news program in Brazil produced by the Rede Globo de Televisão. A total of 246 news stories addressing health-related topics were analyzed, half of which addressed scientific research, technological innovation and hospital care, and were shown to represent a doctor-centered discourse. The findings also show that 82% of the news stories concerning science and technology advertise products that are about to be introduced onto the market, illustrating the commercial nature of this research...
April 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686802/assessment-and-diffusion-of-medical-innovations-in-france-an-overview
#17
REVIEW
Amélie Dubromel, Loïc Geffroy, Gilles Aulagner, Claude Dussart
Background: In France, a significant part of health expenditure is publicly funding. This put a heavy burden on society. In an economic context requiring tight control of public spending, it seems relevant to control the diffusion of medical innovations. That is why health technology assessment is subject to an increasing interest at national level for management and approval decisions. This article provides an overview of the assessment and diffusion of medical innovation in France. Method: The data are extracted from French authorities or organisations websites and documents and from French legislative texts...
2018: Journal of Market Access & Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685337/evaluation-of-recent-protein-a-stationary-phase-innovations-for-capture-of-biotherapeutics
#18
Timothy M Pabst, Johnny Thai, Alan K Hunter
We describe a comprehensive evaluation of 12 Protein A stationary phases for capture of biotherapeutics. We first examine the morphological properties of the stationary phases using a variety of orthogonal techniques including electron microscopy, particle sizing, pressure-flow behavior, and isocratic pulse response. A panel of nine proteins spanning a wide range of structures and biochemical properties was then used to assess equilibrium uptake, mass transport, dynamic binding capacity, and elution pH. Process performance and product quality were also examined under realistic bioprocess conditions using clarified mammalian cell culture broth...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680623/enhancement-of-water-removing-and-the-quality-of-fried-purple-fleshed-sweet-potato-in-the-vacuum-frying-by-combined-power-ultrasound-and-microwave-technology
#19
Ya Su, Min Zhang, Bhesh Bhandari, Weiming Zhang
The combination of ultrasound and microwave in vacuum frying system was investigated to achieve higher drying efficiency and quality attributes of fried products. Purple-fleshed potato were used as test specimen and different power levels of microwave (0 W, 600 W, 800 W) and ultrasound (0 W, 300 W, 600 W) during vacuum frying. Drying kinetics, dielectric properties, moisture state variation and quality attributes of fried samples were measured in a vacuum frying (VF), and an innovatively designed ultrasound and microwave assisted vacuum frying (USMVF) equipment...
June 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675338/assessing-the-healing-of-venous-leg-ulcers-using-a-noncontact-near-infrared-optical-imaging-approach
#20
Jiali Lei, Suset Rodriguez, Maanasa Jayachandran, Elizabeth Solis, Katrina Epnere, Francisco Perez-Clavijo, Stephen Wigley, Anuradha Godavarty
Objective: Venous leg ulcers (VLUs) are one of the most common complications in lower extremity wounds. To date, clinicians employ visual inspection of the wound site during its healing process by monitoring surface granulation and reduction in wound size across weeks of treatment. In this study, a handheld near-infrared optical scanner (NIROS) has been developed at the Optical Imaging Laboratory to differentiate healing from nonhealing VLUs based on differences in blood flow to the wound and its surroundings...
April 1, 2018: Advances in Wound Care
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