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Diffusion of innovation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527139/exploration-of-an-innovative-draw-solution-for-a-forward-osmosis-membrane-distillation-desalination-process
#1
Nguyen Cong Nguyen, Shiao-Shing Chen, Shubham Jain, Hau Thi Nguyen, Saikat Sinha Ray, Huu Hao Ngo, Wenshan Guo, Ngoc Tuan Lam, Hung Cong Duong
Forward osmosis (FO) has emerged as a viable technology to alleviate the global water crisis. The greatest challenge facing the application of FO technology is the lack of an ideal draw solution with high water flux and low reverse salt flux. Hence, the objective of this study was to enhance FO by lowering reverse salt flux and maintaining high water flux; the method involved adding small concentrations of Al2(SO4)3 to a MgCl2 draw solution. Results showed that 0.5 M MgCl2 mixed with 0.05 M of Al2(SO4)3 at pH 6...
May 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526041/implementation-of-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-a-strategy-to-transform-surgical-care-across-a-health-system
#2
Leah M Gramlich, Caroline E Sheppard, Tracy Wasylak, Loreen E Gilmour, Olle Ljungqvist, Carlota Basualdo-Hammond, Gregg Nelson
BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs have been shown to have a positive impact on outcome. The ERAS care system includes an evidence-based guideline, an implementation program, and an interactive audit system to support practice change. The purpose of this study is to describe the use of the Theoretic Domains Framework (TDF) in changing surgical care and application of the Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI) model to analyze end-to-end implementation of ERAS in colorectal surgery across multiple sites within a single health system...
May 19, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512652/comparison-of-simplistic-biofilm-models-for-%C3%A2-evaluating-irrigating-solutions
#3
Maximilian Gänsbauer, Andreas Burkovski, Matthias Karl, Tanja Grobecker-Karl
OBJECTIVE: Many innovations have recently been implemented in the field of endodontics, often based on a variety of in-vitro/ex-vivo test setups. It was the goal of this research to compare different biofilm models for evaluating the effectiveness of rinsing solutions. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Three different models have been applied in this study, including petri dishes with nutrient medium, arrays of human dentin disks, and split bovine root segments. The susceptibility of biofilms formed by Enterococcus faecalis to commonly used endodontic irrigants was tested...
May 16, 2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509897/disambiguation-of-patent-inventors-and-assignees-using-high-resolution-geolocation-data
#4
Greg Morrison, Massimo Riccaboni, Fabio Pammolli
Patent data represent a significant source of information on innovation, knowledge production, and the evolution of technology through networks of citations, co-invention and co-assignment. A major obstacle to extracting useful information from this data is the problem of name disambiguation: linking alternate spellings of individuals or institutions to a single identifier to uniquely determine the parties involved in knowledge production and diffusion. In this paper, we describe a new algorithm that uses high-resolution geolocation to disambiguate both inventors and assignees on about 8...
May 16, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506154/seroadaptive-strategies-of-vancouver-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-a-treatment-as-prevention-environment
#5
Eric Abella Roth, Zishan Cui, Ashleigh Rich, Nathan Lachowsky, Paul Sereda, Kiffer Card, Jody Jollimore, Terry Howard, Heather Armstrong, David Moore, Robert Hogg
British Columbia's Treatment as Prevention policy has provided free access to Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) to all HIV-positive provincial residents since 1996. One outcome is an increase in HIV-positive gay and bisexual men (GBM) with suppressed viral loads. Previous cross-sectional analyses indicated that some Vancouver GBM now recognize condomless anal sex with men on HAART who report a suppressed viral load as a sero-adaptive strategy. To test the hypothesis that this new strategy, termed viral load sorting (VLS), is recognized and used among by GBM in the Momentum Health Study, we analyzed longitudinal data for HIV-negative/unknown (n = 556) and HIV-positive (n = 218) sero-status participants...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494770/exploring-linkages-between-research-policy-and-practice-in-the-netherlands-perspectives-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-knowledge-flows
#6
Billie de Haas, Anke van der Kwaak
BACKGROUND: The attention to and demand for stronger linkages between research, policy and practice are increasing, especially in fields concerned with sensitive and challenging issues such as sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). The study described in this article was conducted in the Netherlands among actors working in international development, especially the domain of SRHR. It explores the perceived flow of knowledge between research, policy and practice, the perceived impeding factors, and suggested strategies for improvement...
May 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493097/gastric-adenosquamous-carcinoma-producing-granulocyte-colony-stimulating-factor-a-case-of-a-rare-malignancy
#7
Kazuki Moro, Masayuki Nagahashi, Tetsuya Naito, Yu Nagai, Tomohiro Katada, Masahiro Minagawa, Jun Hasegawa, Tatsuo Tani, Naohiro Shimakage, Hiroyuki Usuda, Emmanuel Gabriel, Tsutomu Kawaguchi, Kazuaki Takabe, Toshifumi Wakai
BACKGROUND: A gastric adenosquamous carcinoma (ASC) that produces granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) is an uncommon malignancy with a poor prognosis. Due to the rarity of this lesion, a standard treatment for the disease has not been established. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a 66-year-old male with a G-CSF-producing gastric ASC who presented with severe anemia and leukocytosis. A radical resection was performed, followed by a course of adjuvant chemotherapy...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482226/microbially-and-phytofabricated-agnps-with-different-mode-of-bactericidal-action-were-identified-to-have-comparable-potential-for-surface-fabrication-of-central-venous-catheters-to-combat-staphylococcus-aureus-biofilm
#8
Roshmi Thomas, Shiji Mathew, A R Nayana, Jyothis Mathews, E K Radhakrishnan
In spite of newer innovations and process improvements, catheter related infections still pose serious threat to hospitalized patients. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are well demonstrated to have antibacterial properties and also have been implemented for surface fabrication of many indwelling medical devices. So, herein we sought to compare the performance of AgNPs generated through biogenic routes using bacteria and plant extract for their antibacterial and antibiofilm potential against biofilm forming Staphylococcus aureus...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481075/innovative-nanosensor-for-disease-diagnosis
#9
Sang-Joon Kim, Seon-Jin Choi, Ji-Soo Jang, Hee-Jin Cho, Il-Doo Kim
As a futuristic diagnosis platform, breath analysis is gaining much attention because it is a noninvasive, simple, and low cost diagnostic method. Very promising clinical applications have been demonstrated for diagnostic purposes by correlation analysis between exhaled breath components and specific diseases. In addition, diverse breath molecules, which serve as biomarkers for specific diseases, are precisely identified by statistical pattern recognition studies. To further improve the accuracy of breath analysis as a diagnostic tool, breath sampling, biomarker sensing, and data analysis should be optimized...
May 8, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473037/early-adoption-of-a-multitarget-stool-dna-test-for-colorectal-cancer-screening
#10
Lila J Finney Rutten, Robert M Jacobson, Patrick M Wilson, Debra J Jacobson, Chun Fan, John B Kisiel, Seth Sweetser, Sidna M Tulledge-Scheitel, Jennifer L St Sauver
OBJECTIVES: To characterize early adoption of a novel multitarget stool DNA (MT-sDNA) screening test for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening and to test the hypothesis that adoption differs by demographic characteristics and prior CRC screening behavior and proceeds predictably over time. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used the Rochester Epidemiology Project research infrastructure to assess the use of the MT-sDNA screening test in adults aged 50 to 75 years living in Olmsted County, Minnesota, in 2014 and identified 27,147 individuals eligible or due for screening colonoscopy from November 1, 2014, through November 30, 2015...
May 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459736/advanced-mri-of-the-optic-nerve
#11
Michael J Hoch, Mary T Bruno, Timothy M Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Clinical orbital MRI protocols are routinely used to study the optic nerves and exclude compressive lesions, infarctions, or inflammation. However, the small caliber and divergent oblique orientations of the optic nerves make it challenging to characterize them well with conventional MRI, especially since adjacent air-filled bony structures distort the MRI signal and motion is a problem even in cooperative, healthy volunteers. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Over the past 3 years we have experimented with multiple novel MRI approaches and sequences to better characterize the optic nerves...
June 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453988/conservation-program-delivery-in-the-southern-u-s-preferences-and-interactions
#12
Christopher S Galik, Robert K Grala
A lingering challenge in implementation of ecosystem-based planning is translating high-level conservation objectives to discrete management initiatives. Recent research underscores this, emphasizing the importance of the processes by which plans are developed and how programs to implement plans are delivered to stakeholders. This study contributes to the existing program design, research methodology, and conservation practice literature through an assessment of landowner and conservation practitioner relationships in the Gulf Coastal Plains and Ozarks (GCPO) region of the southern U...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437699/structure-and-dynamics-of-cetyltrimethylammonium-chloride-sodium-dodecylsulfate-ctac-sds-catanionic-vesicles-high-value-nano-vehicles-from-low-cost-surfactants
#13
Irene Russo Krauss, Riccardo Imperatore, Augusta De Santis, Alessandra Luchini, Luigi Paduano, Gerardino D'Errico
HYPOTHESIS: Catanionic vesicles based on large-scale produced surfactants represent a promising platform for the design of innovative, effective and relatively inexpensive nano-vehicles for a variety of actives. Structural, dynamic and functional behavior of these aggregates is finely tuned by the molecular features of their components and can be opportunely tailored for their applications as drug carriers. EXPERIMENTS: Here we investigate the aggregates formed by CTAC and SDS, two of the most diffused surfactants, by means of Dynamic Light Scattering, Small Angle Neutron Scattering and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance spectroscopy (EPR)...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432889/reducing-domestic-heating-demand-managing-the-impact-of-behavior-changing-feedback-devices-via-marketing
#14
Thorben Jensen, Émile J L Chappin
Feedback devices can be used to inform households about their energy-consumption behavior. This may persuade them to practice energy conservation. The use of feedback devices can also-via word of mouth-spread among households and thereby support the spread of the incentivized behavior, e.g. energy-efficient heating behavior. This study investigates how to manage the impact of these environmental innovations via marketing. Marketing activities can support the diffusion of devices. This study aims to identify the most effective strategies of marketing feedback devices...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427522/the-role-of-anti-pd-1-and-anti-pd-l1-agents-in-the-treatment-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-the-future-is-now
#15
REVIEW
Luis Miguel Juárez-Salcedo, Jose Sandoval-Sus, Lubomir Sokol, Julio C Chavez, Samir Dalia
Immune checkpoints inhibitors have been incorporated into standard treatment protocols for advanced solid tumors. The aim of T-cell-based immune therapy in cancer has been to generate durable clinical benefits for patients, paired with enhanced side effect profiles. The beneficial antitumoral activity of programmed death-1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) has been thoroughly demonstrated in certain metastatic malignancies (e.g. melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, renal cell carcinoma); however, the therapeutic role in lymphoid cancers is complex...
May 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425554/on-the-parallelism-between-the-mechanisms-behind-chromatography-and-drug-delivery-the-role-of-interactions-with-a-stationary-phase
#16
Filippo Rossi, Franca Castiglione, Matteo Salvalaglio, Monica Ferro, Marta Moioli, Emanuele Mauri, Maurizio Masi, Andrea Mele
A huge number of studies and work in the drug delivery literature are focused on understanding and modeling transport phenomena, the pivotal point for a good device design. The rationalization of all phenomena involved is fundamental, but several concerns arise leaving many issues unsolved. In order to change the point of view we decided to focus our attention on the parallelisms between two fields that seem to be very far from each other: chromatography and drug release. Taking advantages of the studies conducted by many researchers using chromatographic columns we decided to explain all the phenomena involved in drug delivery considering sodium ibuprofen (IP) molecules as analytes and hydrogel as a stationary phase...
April 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425087/peer-connect-for-african-american-breast-cancer-survivors-and-caregivers-a-train-the-trainer-approach-for-peer-support
#17
Marlyn Allicock, Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, La-Shell Johnson, William R Carpenter, Anissa I Vines, Denise G Belle, Ray Phillips, Michele W Cherry
Racial disparities in breast cancer survivorship are a major concern nationally. How survivors cope with cancer and re-frame their lives is a critical part of survivorship. Community-academic research partnerships may facilitate access to much-needed psychosocial support for African American survivors and caregivers in rural areas, but drivers of successful intervention implementation are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to describe the training and evaluation of Community Coaches and Guides (i...
April 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421650/keeping-up-with-the-kids-diffusion-of-innovation-in-pediatric-emergency-medicine-among-emergency-physicians
#18
Robert L Cloutier, Rakesh D Mistry, Stephen Cico, Chris Merritt, Samuel H F Lam, Marc Auerbach, L Melissa Skaugset, Jean Klig, Meg Wolff, Myto Duong, Jennifer Walthall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420926/femto-lasik-the-recent-innovation-in-laser-assisted-refractive-surgery
#19
Zubair Shahid Bashir, Muhammad Hassaan Ali, Ayesha Anwar, Muhammad Hammad Ayub, Nadeem Hafeez Butt
Femtosecond laser has been introduced in refractive surgery to create a thin-hinged corneal flap without using any blade. The current review was planned to analyse and compare femtosecond-assisted laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK), the latest refractive procedure, with conventional techniques in refractive surgery. The analysis showed that femtosecond-assisted LASIK yielded more predictable corneal flaps, lesser ocular aberrations, better uncorrected visual acuity, lesser variations in intraocular pressure (IOP) and fewer chances of developing dry eyes...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420265/ichampss-usability-and-psychosocial-impact-for-increasing-implementation-of-sexual-health-education
#20
Belinda F Hernandez, Melissa F Peskin, Ross Shegog, Efrat K Gabay, Paula M Cuccaro, Robert C Addy, Eric Ratliff, Susan T Emery, Christine M Markham
INTRODUCTION: Diffusion of sexual health evidence-based programs (EBPs) in schools is a complex and challenging process. iCHAMPSS ( CHoosing And Maintaining effective Programs for Sex education in Schools) is an innovative theory- and Web-based decision support system that may help facilitate this process. The purpose of this study was to pilot-test iCHAMPSS for usability and short-term psychosocial impact. METHOD: School district stakeholders from across Texas were recruited ( N = 16) and given access to iCHAMPSS for 3 weeks in fall 2014...
May 2017: Health Promotion Practice
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