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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432889/reducing-domestic-heating-demand-managing-the-impact-of-behavior-changing-feedback-devices-via-marketing
#1
Thorben Jensen, Émile J L Chappin
Feedback devices can be used to inform households about their energy-consumption behavior. This may persuade them to practice energy conservation. The use of feedback devices can also-via word of mouth-spread among households and thereby support the spread of the incentivized behavior, e.g. energy-efficient heating behavior. This study investigates how to manage the impact of these environmental innovations via marketing. Marketing activities can support the diffusion of devices. This study aims to identify the most effective strategies of marketing feedback devices...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427522/the-role-of-anti-pd-1-and-anti-pd-l1-agents-in-the-treatment-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-the-future-is-now
#2
REVIEW
Luis Miguel Juárez-Salcedo, Jose Sandoval-Sus, Lubomir Sokol, Julio C Chavez, Samir Dalia
Immune checkpoints inhibitors have been incorporated into standard treatment protocols for advanced solid tumors. The aim of T-cell-based immune therapy in cancer has been to generate durable clinical benefits for patients, paired with enhanced side effect profiles. The beneficial antitumoral activity of programmed death-1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) has been thoroughly demonstrated in certain metastatic malignancies (e.g. melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer, renal cell carcinoma); however, the therapeutic role in lymphoid cancers is complex...
May 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425554/on-the-parallelism-between-the-mechanisms-behind-chromatography-and-drug-delivery-the-role-of-interactions-with-a-stationary-phase
#3
Filippo Rossi, Franca Castiglione, Matteo Salvalaglio, Monica Ferro, Marta Moioli, Emanuele Mauri, Maurizio Masi, Andrea Mele
A huge number of studies and work in the drug delivery literature are focused on understanding and modeling transport phenomena, the pivotal point for a good device design. The rationalization of all phenomena involved is fundamental, but several concerns arise leaving many issues unsolved. In order to change the point of view we decided to focus our attention on the parallelisms between two fields that seem to be very far from each other: chromatography and drug release. Taking advantages of the studies conducted by many researchers using chromatographic columns we decided to explain all the phenomena involved in drug delivery considering sodium ibuprofen (IP) molecules as analytes and hydrogel as a stationary phase...
April 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425087/peer-connect-for-african-american-breast-cancer-survivors-and-caregivers-a-train-the-trainer-approach-for-peer-support
#4
Marlyn Allicock, Lindsey Haynes-Maslow, La-Shell Johnson, William R Carpenter, Anissa I Vines, Denise G Belle, Ray Phillips, Michele W Cherry
Racial disparities in breast cancer survivorship are a major concern nationally. How survivors cope with cancer and re-frame their lives is a critical part of survivorship. Community-academic research partnerships may facilitate access to much-needed psychosocial support for African American survivors and caregivers in rural areas, but drivers of successful intervention implementation are not well understood. The purpose of this study was to describe the training and evaluation of Community Coaches and Guides (i...
April 19, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421650/keeping-up-with-the-kids-diffusion-of-innovation-in-pediatric-emergency-medicine-among-emergency-physicians
#5
Robert L Cloutier, Rakesh D Mistry, Stephen Cico, Chris Merritt, Samuel H F Lam, Marc Auerbach, L Melissa Skaugset, Jean Klig, Meg Wolff, Myto Duong, Jennifer Walthall
With 30,000,000 emergency department (ED) visits annually, children account for nearly one fourth of all ED visits in the United States. Despite these statistics, EDs across the country remain underprepared to care for pediatric patients [1, 2]. Based on published data, only 45% of EDs report having a pediatric quality improvement plan in place, one third of hospitals do not weigh children in kilograms, less than half have disaster plans in place for pediatric patients and more than 15% are missing critical pediatric emergency equipment [1]...
April 19, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420926/femto-lasik-the-recent-innovation-in-laser-assisted-refractive-surgery
#6
Zubair Shahid Bashir, Muhammad Hassaan Ali, Ayesha Anwar, Muhammad Hammad Ayub, Nadeem Hafeez Butt
Femtosecond laser has been introduced in refractive surgery to create a thin-hinged corneal flap without using any blade. The current review was planned to analyse and compare femtosecond-assisted laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK), the latest refractive procedure, with conventional techniques in refractive surgery. The analysis showed that femtosecond-assisted LASIK yielded more predictable corneal flaps, lesser ocular aberrations, better uncorrected visual acuity, lesser variations in intraocular pressure (IOP) and fewer chances of developing dry eyes...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420265/ichampss-usability-and-psychosocial-impact-for-increasing-implementation-of-sexual-health-education
#7
Belinda F Hernandez, Melissa F Peskin, Ross Shegog, Efrat K Gabay, Paula M Cuccaro, Robert C Addy, Eric Ratliff, Susan T Emery, Christine M Markham
INTRODUCTION: Diffusion of sexual health evidence-based programs (EBPs) in schools is a complex and challenging process. iCHAMPSS ( CHoosing And Maintaining effective Programs for Sex education in Schools) is an innovative theory- and Web-based decision support system that may help facilitate this process. The purpose of this study was to pilot-test iCHAMPSS for usability and short-term psychosocial impact. METHOD: School district stakeholders from across Texas were recruited ( N = 16) and given access to iCHAMPSS for 3 weeks in fall 2014...
May 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408920/endoscopic-assisted-linea-alba-reconstruction-new-technique-for-treatment-of-symptomatic-umbilical-trocar-and-or-epigastric-hernias-with-concomitant-rectus-abdominis-diastasis
#8
Ferdinand Köckerling, Marinos Damianos Botsinis, Christine Rohde, Wolfgang Reinpold, Christine Schug-Pass
BACKGROUND: Patients with symptomatic umbilical, trocar, and/or epigastric hernias and concomitant rectus abdominis diastasis represent a growing clinical problem. The optimal management of this complex hernia situation is the subject of debate in the literature. This paper reports the early results of an innovative surgical technique aimed at managing this hernia situation. METHODS: Endoscopic-assisted linea alba reconstruction (ELAR) with mesh augmentation is a surgical technique long known in the literature for its good outcome for incisional hernia repair (myofascial release, overlapping herniorrhaphy, Gibson's operation, shoelace repair, anterior rectus sheath repair, dynamic patch plasty) via a small access route...
2017: European Surgery: ACA: Acta Chirurgica Austriaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380156/assessment-of-an-intervention-for-the-diffusion-of-evidence-based-nursing-in-a-teaching-hospital
#9
Fernanda Carolina Camargo, Helena Hemiko Iwamoto, Damiana Aparecida Trindade Monteiro, Lourraine Tavares Lorena, Gilberto de Araújo Pereira
Objective: To evaluate an intervention for the diffusion of evidence-based practice among the nurse leaders of a public teaching hospital. Methods: This is a descriptive-quantitative study based on the evaluation of workshops at a teaching hospital in the Triângulo Mineiro region of the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, in 2016, conducted from the conceptual perspective of "Diffusion of Innovation and Skills for the Use of Evidence-Based Nursing in Care Settings"...
March 30, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373153/public-acceptability-of-e-mental-health-treatment-services-for-psychological-problems-a-scoping-review
#10
Jennifer Apolinário-Hagen, Jessica Kemper, Carolina Stürmer
BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, the deficient provision of evidence-based interventions for the prevention and treatment of mental health problems has become a global challenge across health care systems. In view of the ongoing diffusion of new media and mobile technologies into everyday life, Web-delivered electronic mental health (e-mental health) treatment services have been suggested to expand the access to professional help. However, the large-scale dissemination and adoption of innovative e-mental health services is progressing slowly...
April 3, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370537/an-innovative-freeze-dried-reduced-graphene-oxide-supported-sns2-cathode-active-material-for-aluminum-ion-batteries
#11
Yuxiang Hu, Bin Luo, Delai Ye, Xiaobo Zhu, Miaoqiang Lyu, Lianzhou Wang
Rechargeable aluminum-ion batteries (AIBs) are attractive new generation energy storage devices due to its low cost, high specific capacity, and good safety. However, the lack of suitable electrode materials with high capacity and enhanced rate performance makes it difficult for real applications. Herein, the preparation of 3D reduced graphene oxide-supported SnS2 nanosheets hybrid is reported as a new type of cathode material for AIBs. The resultant material demonstrates one of the highest capacities of 392 mAh g(-1) at 100 mA g(-1) and good cycling stability...
March 29, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364948/adoption-of-dental-innovations-the-case-of-a-standardized-dental-diagnostic-terminology
#12
Rachel B Ramoni, Jini Etolue, Oluwabunmi Tokede, Lyle McClellan, Kristen Simmons, Alfa Yansane, Joel M White, Muhammad F Walji, Elsbeth Kalenderian
BACKGROUND: Standardized dental diagnostic terminologies (SDDxTs) were introduced decades ago. Their use has been on the rise, accompanying the adoption of electronic health records (EHRs). One of the most broadly used terminologies is the Dental Diagnostic System (DDS). Our aim was to assess the adoption of SDDxTs by US dental schools by using the Rogers diffusion of innovations framework, focusing on the DDS. METHODS: The authors electronically surveyed clinic deans in all US dental schools (n = 61) to determine use of an EHR and SDDxT, perceived barriers to adoption of an SDDxT, and the effect of implementing an SDDxT on clinical productivity...
March 30, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363961/the-tale-of-a-neglected-energy-source-elevated-hydrogen-exposure-affects-both-microbial-diversity-and-function-in-soil
#13
Mondher Khdhiri, Sarah Piché-Choquette, Julien Tremblay, Susannah G Tringe, Philippe Constant
The enrichment of H2-oxidizing bacteria (HOB) by H2 generated by nitrogen-fixing nodules has been shown to have a fertilization effect on several different crops. The benefit of HOB is attributed to their production of plant growth promoting factors, yet their interactions with other members of soil microbial communities have received little attention. Here we report that the energy potential of H2, when supplied to soil, alters ecological niche partitioning of bacteria and fungi, with multifaceted consequences on both generalist and specialist microbial functions...
March 31, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356731/co-delivery-nanoparticles-with-characteristics-of-intracellular-precision-release-drugs-for-overcoming-multidrug-resistance
#14
DanDan Zhang, Yan Yan Kong, Jia Hui Sun, Shao Jie Huo, Min Zhou, Yi Ling Gui, Xu Mu, Huan Chen, Shu Qin Yu, Qian Xu
Combination chemotherapy in clinical practice has been generally accepted as a feasible strategy for overcoming multidrug resistance (MDR). Here, we designed and successfully prepared a co-delivery system named S-D1@L-D2 NPs, where denoted some smaller nanoparticles (NPs) carrying a drug doxorubicin (DOX) were loaded into a larger NP containing another drug (vincristine [VCR]) via water-in-oil-in-water double-emulsion solvent diffusion-evaporation method. Chitosan-alginate nanoparticles carrying DOX (CS-ALG-DOX NPs) with a smaller diameter of about 20 nm formed S-D1 NPs; vitamin E D-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles carrying VCR (TPGS-PLGA-VCR NPs) with a larger diameter of about 200 nm constituted L-D2 NPs...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351355/a-process-evaluation-plan-for-assessing-a-complex-community-based-maternal-health-intervention-in-ogun-state-nigeria
#15
Sumedha Sharma, Olalekan O Adetoro, Marianne Vidler, Sharla Drebit, Beth A Payne, David O Akeju, Akinmade Adepoju, Ebunoluwa Jaiyesimi, John Sotunsa, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Laura A Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Olukayode Dada
BACKGROUND: Despite increased investment in community-level maternal health interventions, process evaluations of such interventions are uncommon, and can be instrumental in understanding mediating factors leading to outcomes. In Nigeria, where an unacceptably number of maternal deaths occur (maternal mortality ratio of 814/100,000 livebirths), the Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) study (NCT01911494) aimed to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity with a complex intervention of five interrelated components...
March 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350223/potential-facilitators-and-barriers-to-adopting-standard-treatment-guidelines-in-clinical-practice
#16
Sangeeta Sharma, Ajay Pandit, Fauzia Tabassum
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to assess medicines information sources accessed by clinicians, if sources differed in theory and practice and to find out the barriers and facilitators to effective guideline adoption. Design/methodology/approach In all, 183 doctors were surveyed. Barriers and facilitators were classified as: communication; potential adopters; innovation; organization characteristics and environmental/social/economic context. Findings Most of the clinicians accessed multiple information sources including standard treatment guidelines, but also consulted seniors/colleagues in practice...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345431/collaterals-2016-translating-the-collaterome-around-the-globe
#17
David S Liebeskind, Graham W Woolf, Ashfaq Shuaib
Collaterals 2016 (third International Symposium on Collaterals to the Brain) was a multidisciplinary scientific conference focused on collateral circulation in acute ischemic stroke. Decisive challenges include generalizability of optimal triage and selection paradigms based on collateral status for definitive treatment of acute ischemic stroke, rapid dissemination of expert methods, and the urgent need to leverage networking opportunities for stroke science related to the hemodynamics of collaterals. The collaterome, or individual capacity to offset ischemia in the brain, and determination of a favorable collateral profile have become pivotal factors in consideration of the precision medicine of stroke decision-making...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336746/understanding-dutch-practice-nurses-adherence-to-evidence-based-smoking-cessation-guidelines-and-their-needs-for-web-based-adherence-support-results-from-semistructured-interviews
#18
D de Ruijter, E S Smit, H de Vries, L Goossens, C Hoving
OBJECTIVES: Practice nurses in general practices suboptimally adhere to smoking cessation guidelines. Since the effectiveness of their smoking cessation support is greatest when full adherence to these guidelines is achieved, interventions need to be developed to improve practice nurses' guideline adherence, for example, by tailoring their content to adherence determinants. However, the sociocognitive determinants explaining adherence have not yet been investigated. Therefore, this qualitative needs assessment aimed to explore practice nurses' current counselling practices, as well as their sociocognitive beliefs related to their smoking cessation guideline adherence and their needs regarding web-based adherence support...
March 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332655/livestock-vaccination-in-india-an-analysis-of-theory-and-practice-among-multiple-stakeholders
#19
P Rathod, M Chander, Y Bangar
An effective and efficient disease prevention and control strategy is of paramount importance to improve the quality and quantity of livestock production in the Indian context. Although livestock vaccination is considered an emerging innovation of socioeconomic importance in the Indian dairy industry, the rate of adoption and diffusion of vaccination technology is very low at field level. In this context, the authors examined the efforts of the Government of India to protect livestock health and control disease, considered the lessons learnt from rinderpest eradication, looked at field practices and the reality on the ground, and studied the perceptions of multiple stakeholders with regards to the relevance, profitability and sustainability of vaccination...
December 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325241/radiation-oncology-in-the-developing-economies-of-central-and-eastern-europe
#20
REVIEW
Natia Esiashvili
Eastern Europe is represented by 22 countries of significant variability in population density and degree of economic development. They have been affected by past geopolitical isolation due to their association with the "Soviet Block." Currently, all Eastern European countries except Slovenia are low- or middle-income level and 10 of them are part of European Union. Health care systems in Central and Eastern Europe have been influenced by the legacy of centralized soviet-era governance; however, most countries, particularly in European Union zone, have gone through health care reforms directed toward modernizing infrastructure and staffing...
April 2017: Seminars in Radiation Oncology
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