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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694672/characterization-of-solibacillus-silvestris-strain-am1-that-produces-amyloid-bioemulsifier
#1
Anoop R Markande, Venkata R Vemuluri, Yogesh S Shouche, Anuradha S Nerurkar
Solibacillus silvestris AM1 was the first strain from the genus to be reported for the production of a functional amyloid and its potential use as a surface active agent, a thermostable glycoprotein amyloid bioemulsifier BE-AM1 capable of influencing environment and biofilm formation. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene, molecular characterization studies on the basis of DNA-DNA hybridization and chemotaxonomic fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) analysis showed that S. silvestris AM1 as a strain matches with the type strain S...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691757/microbiota-transplantation-concept-methodology-and-strategy-for-its-modernization
#2
REVIEW
Faming Zhang, Bota Cui, Xingxiang He, Yuqiang Nie, Kaichun Wu, Daiming Fan
Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has become a research focus of biomedicine and clinical medicine in recent years. The clinical response from FMT for different diseases provided evidence for microbiota-host interactions associated with various disorders, including Clostridium difficile infection, inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes mellitus, cancer, liver cirrhosis, gut-brain disease and others. To discuss the experiences of using microbes to treat human diseases from ancient China to current era should be important in moving standardized FMT forward and achieving a better future...
April 24, 2018: Protein & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679131/process-optimization-involving-critical-evaluation-of-oxygen-transfer-oxygen-uptake-and-nitrogen-limitation-for-enhanced-biomass-and-lipid-production-by-oleaginous-yeast-for-biofuel-application
#3
Jayita Chopra, Ramkrishna Sen
Lipid accumulation in oleaginous yeast is generally induced by nitrogen starvation, while oxygen saturation can influence biomass growth. Systematic shake flask studies that help in identifying the right nitrogen source and relate its uptake kinetics to lipid biosynthesis under varying oxygen saturation conditions are very essential for addressing the bioprocessing-related issues, which are envisaged to occur in the fermenter scale production. In the present study, lipid bioaccumulation by P. guilliermondii at varying C:N ratios and oxygen transfer conditions (assessed in terms of kL a) was investigated in shake flasks using a pre-optimized N-source and a two-stage inoculum formulated in a hybrid medium...
April 20, 2018: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668845/commentary-on-modified-composite-flap-facelift-combined-with-finger-assisted-malar-elevation-fame-a-cadaver-study
#4
Marc Mani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665887/a-cabinet-of-the-ordinary-domesticating-veterinary-education-1766-1799
#5
Kit Heintzman
In the late eighteenth century, the Ecole vétérinaire d'Alfort was renowned for its innovative veterinary education and for having one of the largest natural history and anatomy collections in France. Yet aside from a recent interest in the works of one particular anatomist, the school's history has been mostly ignored. I examine here the fame of the school in eighteenth-century travel literature, the historic connection between veterinary science and natural history, and the relationship between the school's hospital and its esteemed cabinet...
April 18, 2018: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665496/the-serum-level-of-dickkopf-1-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Yubo Ma, Xu Zhang, Mengmeng Wang, Qing Xia, Jiajia Yang, Meng Wu, Renfang Han, Mengya Chen, Xingxing Hu, Yaping Yuan, Rui Liu, Guangming Jiang, Guixia Pan, Yanfeng Zou, Shengqian Xu, Faming Pan
OBJECTIVE: Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) is an endogenous inhibitor of canonical Wnt pathway that was implicated in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the serum levels of DKK-1 in RA were inconsistent among studies. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis to systematically evaluate the relationship between serum DKK-1 levels and RA. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science and Cochrane Library were comprehensively retrieved till 1 January 2018 for pertinent studies...
April 14, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648614/overexpression-of-ospgip2-confers-sclerotinia-sclerotiorum-resistance-in-brassica-napus-through-increased-activation-of-defense-mechanisms
#7
Zhuanrong Wang, Lili Wan, Qiang Xin, Ye Chen, Xiaohui Zhang, Faming Dong, Dengfeng Hong, Guangsheng Yang
Sclerotinia stem rot (SSR), caused by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, is the most serious disease affecting the yield of the agriculturally and economically important crop, Brassica napus L. (rapeseed). In this study, Oryza sativa polygalacturonase-inhibiting protein 2 (OsPGIP2) effectively enhanced rapeseed immunity against S. sclerotiorum infection. Leaf extracts of B. napus plants overexpressing OsPGIP2 showed enhanced S. sclerotiorum resistance by delaying pathogen infection. The constitutive expression of OsPGIP2 in rapeseed plants provided a rapid and potentiated defense response, including the production of reactive oxygen species, interaction with S...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604772/a-new-high-temperature-reactor-for-operando-xas-application-for-the-dry-reforming-of-methane-over-ni-zro-2-catalyst
#8
Antonio Aguilar-Tapia, Samy Ould-Chikh, Eric Lahera, Alain Prat, William Delnet, Olivier Proux, Isabelle Kieffer, Jean-Marie Basset, Kazuhiro Takanabe, Jean-Louis Hazemann
The construction of a high-temperature reaction cell for operando X-ray absorption spectroscopy characterization is reported. A dedicated cell was designed to operate as a plug-flow reactor using powder samples requiring gas flow and thermal treatment at high temperatures. The cell was successfully used in the reaction of dry reforming of methane (DRM). We present X-ray absorption results in the fluorescence detection mode on a 0.4 wt. % Ni/ZrO2 catalyst under realistic conditions at 750 °C, reproducing the conditions used for a conventional dynamic microreactor for the DRM reaction...
March 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592605/a-systematic-review-of-caregiver-implemented-mealtime-interventions-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#9
Julie Diaz, Joanna Cosbey
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently have difficult mealtimes. A systematic review analyzed current evidence relevant to occupational therapy (OT) and mealtime interventions (a) for children with ASD, (b) occurring in the natural contexts, and (c) with parents/caregivers as interventionists. Database search identified 13 relevant articles. Each article was reviewed for practicality of implementation through a modified Feasibility, Appropriateness, Meaningfulness and Effectiveness (FAME) scale and for quality of research design using three measures specifically designed for single-case experimental design research...
March 1, 2018: OTJR: Occupation, Participation and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575485/impact-of-a-fatigue-management-in-work-programme-on-meeting-work-demands-of-individuals-with-rheumatic-diseases-a-pilot-study
#10
Róisín C McCormack, Finbar O'Shea, Michele Doran, Deirdre Connolly
INTRODUCTION: Work disability and job loss are serious consequences of rheumatic diseases (RDs), and fatigue is a symptom of RDs commonly reported to have an impact on work performance. A FAtigue ManagEment in Work (FAME-W) programme was developed to facilitate the self-management of fatigue in work. The present pilot study explored if FAME-W could facilitate individuals with RDs to manage fatigue in work and improve their ability to meet work demands. METHODS: Twenty-seven individuals with a variety of rheumatic diagnoses completed a 4-week, 2-h occupational therapy-led self-management programme...
March 25, 2018: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573672/degradation-of-4-chlorophenol-and-microbial-diversity-in-soil-inoculated-with-single-pseudomonas-sp-cf600-and-stenotrophomonas-maltophilia-kb2
#11
Agnieszka Nowak, Agnieszka Mrozik
Soil contamination with chlorophenols is a serious problem all over the world due to their common use in different branches of industry and agriculture. The objective of this study was to determine whether bioaugmenting soil with single Pseudomonas sp. CF600 and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia KB2 and additional carbon sources such as phenol (P) and sodium benzoate (SB) could enhance the degradation of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP). During the degradation experiment, the number of bacteria as well as the structural and functional diversity of the soil microbial communities were determined...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560132/associations-between-vdr-gene-polymorphisms-and-colorectal-cancer-susceptibility-an-updated-meta-analysis-based-on-39-case-control-studies
#12
Zhipeng Pan, Mengya Chen, Xingxing Hu, Hua Wang, Jiajia Yang, Congjun Zhang, Faming Pan, Guoping Sun
Background: Recent studies have reported the associations between vitamin D receptor ( VDR ) polymorphisms and colorectal cancer (CRC), but the results were not always consistent. This meta-analysis aims to evaluate whether VDR polymorphisms are associated with CRC susceptibility. Materials And Methods: Studies on the associations between VDR polymorphisms and CRC were retrieved from the Web of Science, PubMed, the Chinese Biomedical Database (CBM), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and Wanfang (Chinese) databases...
February 27, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554529/alleviation-of-phytotoxic-effects-of-cadmium-on-rice-seedlings-by-cadmium-resistant-pgpr-strain-enterobacter-aerogenes-mcc-3092
#13
Krishnendu Pramanik, Soumik Mitra, Anumita Sarkar, Tushar Kanti Maiti
Heavy metal resistant PGPR mediated bioremediation, phytostimulation and stress alleviation is an eco-friendly method for sustainable agriculture in the metal contaminated soil. The isolation of such PGPR is highly demanding to reduce heavy metals in contaminated cultivated fields for agricultural benefit. The present study was successful to isolate a potent multi-heavy metal resistant PGPR strain, identified as Enterobacter aerogenes strain K6 based on MALDI-TOF MS, FAME analysis and 16S rDNA sequence homology, from rice rhizosphere contaminated with a variety of heavy metals/metalloid near industrial area...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550436/bioaccumulation-of-cadmium-by-enterobacter-sp-and-enhancement-of-rice-seedling-growth-under-cadmium-stress
#14
Soumik Mitra, Krishnendu Pramanik, Anumita Sarkar, Pallab Kumar Ghosh, Tithi Soren, Tushar Kanti Maiti
Bacteria-mediated plant growth promotion and bioremediation of heavy metal containing soil is a widely accepted eco-friendly method. The present study is aimed to screen out cadmium resistant bacterial strain from metal contaminated rice rhizosphere and evaluate its effects on the growth of rice seedlings under cadmium stress. Among four different isolates (designated as S1, S2, S3 and S5), the S2 isolate was screened on the basis of different PGP traits and multi heavy metal resistance (minimum inhibitory concentration for cadmium, lead and arsenic were 3500, 2500 and 1050 µg/ml respectively)...
March 15, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544750/dickkopf-1-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Meng Wu, Mengya Chen, Yubo Ma, Jiajia Yang, Renfang Han, Yaping Yuan, Xingxing Hu, Mengmeng Wang, Xu Zhang, Shengqian Xu, Rui Liu, Guangming Jiang, Jianhua Xu, Zongwen Shuai, Yanfeng Zou, Guixia Pan, Faming Pan
BACKGROUND: Current findings regarding serum Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) concentration in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) have proven inconsistent. This meta-analysis was performed to provide a better understanding of serum DKK-1 and AS. METHODS: Online electronic databases were used to retrieve all relevant articles published before November 2017. The pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated by the random-effect model. RESULTS: 23 studies, containing 1348 AS patients and 909 healthy controls, were included in this meta-analysis...
March 12, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534703/a-novel-quick-transendoscopic-enteral-tubing-in-mid-gut-technique-and-training-with-video
#16
Chuyan Long, Yan Yu, Bota Cui, Sabreen Abdul Rahman Jagessar, Jie Zhang, Guozhong Ji, Guangming Huang, Faming Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, safety, and value of a quick technique for transendoscopic enteral tubing (TET) through mid-gut. METHODS: A prospective interventional study was performed in a single center. A TET tube was inserted into mid-gut through the nasal orifice and fixed on the pylorus wall by one tiny titanium endoscopic clip under anesthesia. The feasibility, safety, success rate, and satisfaction with TET placement were evaluated for enteral nutrition or fecal microbiota transplantation...
March 13, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533758/association-of-tlr7-gene-copy-number-variations-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-in-a-chinese-population-a-case-control-study
#17
Mengmeng Wang, Shengqian Xu, Xu Zhang, Mengya Chen, Renfang Han, Xingxing Hu, Yaping Yuan, Yubo Ma, Jiajia Yang, Meng Wu, Rui Liu, Guangming Jiang, Faming Pan
OBJECTIVES: To explore the association of TLR7 gene copy number variations (CNVs) with the susceptibility of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). METHODS: The case control study was performed in 649 Chinese Han patients with AS and 628 healthy controls. The copy numbers of TLR7 gene (2 fragments) were measured by AccuCopyTM methods. Chi-square and logistic regression models were performed to investigate the association of TLR7 gene CNVs with AS. Odds ratio (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was calculated to estimate AS risk and the Bonferroni correction was applied owing to multiple testing...
February 28, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509842/modified-composite-flap-facelift-combined-with-finger-assisted-malar-elevation-fame-a-cadaver-study
#18
Ozcan Cakmak, Berke Özücer, Mustafa Aktekin, Fazil Emre Özkurt, Rami Al-Salman, Ismet Emrah Emre
Background: Inadequate release of retaining ligaments during facelift surgery may lead to an unnatural appearance. However, most facelift surgeons are hesitant in transecting these ligaments to avoid possible injury to facial subbranches. Objectives: In our surgical practice for modified composite flap rhytidectomy we use the finger-assisted malar elevation (FAME) technique in order to enable safe release of the zygomatic cutaneous ligaments through the prezygomatic space under direct vision...
March 2, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503500/resistance-and-tolerance-to-the-brown-planthopper-nilaparvata-lugens-st%C3%A3-l-in-rice-infested-at-different-growth-stages-across-a-gradient-of-nitrogen-applications
#19
Finbarr G Horgan, Ainara Peñalver Cruz, Carmencita C Bernal, Angelee Fame Ramal, Maria Liberty P Almazan, Andrew Wilby
High resource availability can reduce anti-herbivore resistance (a plant's ability to defend against herbivores and reduce damage) in rice, Oryza sativa L, but may also increase tolerance (a plant's ability to withstand damage by, for example, compensatory growth). Through a series of greenhouse, screenhouse and field experiments, this study examines fitness (survival and development × reproduction) of the brown planthopper, Nilaparvata lugens (Stål), on resistant (IR62) and susceptible (IR22) rice varieties and age-related rice tolerance to planthopper damage under varying resource (nitrogenous fertilizer) availability...
March 2018: Field Crops Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494839/quantification-and-characterisation-of-fatty-acid-methyl-esters-in-microalgae-comparison-of-pretreatment-and-purification-methods
#20
Sandra Lage, Francesco G Gentili
A systematic qualitative and quantitative analysis of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) is crucial for microalgae species selection for biodiesel production. The aim of this study is to identify the best method to assess microalgae FAMEs composition and content. A single-step method, was tested with and without purification steps-that is, separation of lipid classes by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) or solid-phase extraction (SPE). The efficiency of a direct transesterification method was also evaluated. Additionally, the yield of the FAMEs and the profiles of the microalgae samples with different pretreatments (boiled in isopropanol, freezing, oven-dried and freeze-dried) were compared...
February 20, 2018: Bioresource Technology
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