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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909930/relationship-between-religious-belief-and-happiness-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Mohd Ahsan Kabir Rizvi, Mohammad Zakir Hossain
Happiness is a feeling that is desired by every human being. To achieve happiness, human try various routes like, to gain financial superiority, fame, entertainment, assets and so on. But on the contrary, religiosity is claimed to be a technique to attain purpose in life, mental health, physical well-being and internal peace, which ultimately leads to happiness in life. This study analyses the studies conducted in last two decades toward understanding the relationship between religiousness and happiness. These studies have been organised in terms of the religions, geographic locations, scales and significance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899730/varieties-of-fame-in-psychology
#2
Henry L Roediger
Fame in psychology, as in all arenas, is a local phenomenon. Psychologists (and probably academics in all fields) often first become well known for studying a subfield of an area (say, the study of attention in cognitive psychology, or even certain tasks used to study attention). Later, the researcher may become famous within cognitive psychology. In a few cases, researchers break out of a discipline to become famous across psychology and (more rarely still) even outside the confines of academe. The progression is slow and uneven...
November 2016: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889126/identification-of-the-major-yeasts-isolated-from-high-moisture-corn-and-corn-silages-in-the-united-states-using-genetic-and-biochemical-methods
#3
M C Santos, C Golt, R D Joerger, G D Mechor, Gerson B Mourão, L Kung
The objective of this study was to identify species of yeasts in samples of high moisture corn (HMC) and corn silage (CS) collected from farms throughout the United States. Samples were plated and colonies were isolated for identification using DNA analysis. Randomly selected colonies were also identified by fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) and by physiological substrate profiling (ID 32C). For CS, Candida ethanolica, Saccharomyces bulderi, Pichia anomala, Kazachstania unispora, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae were the predominant yeasts...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888728/estimating-total-lipid-content-of-camelina-sativa-via-pyrolysis-assisted-in-situ-transesterification-with-dimethyl-carbonate
#4
Jong-Min Jung, Jechan Lee, Jeong-Ik Oh, Hyung-Wook Kim, Eilhann E Kwon
Direct derivatization of C. sativa seed into FAMEs without lipid extraction was conducted for the quantification of lipid analysis via in-situ thermal methylation with dimethyl carbonate as an acyl acceptor on silica (SiO2). The introduced method had an extraordinarily high tolerance against impurities such as pyrolytic products and moisture. To ensure the technical completeness of in-situ methylation, thermal cracking of FAMEs transformed from C. sativa seed was also explored. Thermal cracking of unsaturated FAMEs such as C18:1, C18:2, C18:3 and C20:1 occurred at temperatures higher than 365°C due to their thermal instability...
November 16, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887778/cultivation-of-four-microalgae-species-in-the-effluent-of-anaerobic-digester-for-biodiesel-production
#5
Ga-Yeong Kim, Yeo-Myeong Yun, Hang-Sik Shin, Jong-In Han
This study investigated if an effluent from anaerobic digestion (AD) system can be used as a nutrients source for the microalgae cultivation, and in so doing, if the effluent can be properly treated. Nitrogen and phosphorus in the AD effluent well supported microalgal growth, and their removal efficiency reached >97.9% and 99.2%, respectively. Among four different algal species tested, Micractinium inermum particularly stood out, showing the highest biomass and FAME productivity: 0.16gL(-1)d(-1) with 3.23gL(-1) of dry cell weight, and 0...
November 16, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884241/a-prospective-natural-history-study-of%C3%A2-coronary-atherosclerosis-using-fractional-flow-reserve
#6
Emanuele Barbato, Gabor G Toth, Nils P Johnson, Nico H J Pijls, William F Fearon, Pim A L Tonino, Nick Curzen, Zsolt Piroth, Gilles Rioufol, Peter Jüni, Bernard De Bruyne
BACKGROUND: In patients with coronary artery disease, clinical outcome depends on the extent of reversible myocardial ischemia. Whether the outcome also depends on the severity of the stenosis as determined by fractional flow reserve (FFR) remains unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the relationship between FFR values and vessel-related clinical outcome. METHODS: We prospectively studied major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) at 2 years in 607 patients in whom all stenoses were assessed by FFR and who were treated with medical therapy alone...
November 29, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880928/determination-of-red-blood-cell-fatty-acid-profiles-rapid-and-high-confident-analysis-by-chemical-ionization-gas-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#7
Yvonne Schober, Hans Günther Wahl, Harald Renz, Wolfgang Andreas Nockher
Cellular fatty acid (FA) profiles have been acknowledged as biomarkers in various human diseases. Nevertheless, common FA analysis by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) requires long analysis time. Hence, there is a need for feasible methods for high throughput analysis in clinical studies. FA was extracted from red blood cells (RBC) and derivatized to fatty acid methyl esters (FAME). A method using gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) with ammonia-induced chemical ionization (CI) was developed for the analysis of FA profiles in human RBC...
November 13, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876960/characterization-and-control-of-symbiotic-bacillus-cereus-isolated-from-the-mid-gut-of-anopheles-subpictus-grassi
#8
Priyanka Mukhopadhyay, Soumendranath Chatterjee
An investigation was done to find out the role of gut bacterium on the larval development and survival of Anopheles subpictus, the vector responsible for the transmission of malaria. An. subpictus mosquitoes breed exclusively in stagnant water, including shrimp/fish ponds with high nutrient level. One bacterial strain (CX2) was isolated from the midgut of late third instar of mosquito larvae. The bacterial isolate was sensitive to recommended doses of tetracyclin (30 µg/disc), doxycycline (30 µg/disc), kanamycin (30 µg/disc), gentamycin (10 µg/disc), streptomycin (10 µg/disc), vancomycin (30 µg/disc), ofloxacin (5 µg/disc), levofloxacin (5 µg/disc), gatifloxacin (10 µg/disc), but resistant to ampicillin (10 µg/disc)...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876290/response-of-mixed-methanotrophic-consortia-to-different-methane-to-oxygen-ratios
#9
K Chidambarampadmavathy, O P Karthikeyan, R Huerlimann, G E Maes, K Heimann
Methane (CH4) and oxygen (air) concentrations affect the CH4 oxidation capacity (MOC) and mixed methanotrophic community structures in compost (fresh) and landfill (age old) top cover soils. A change in the mixed methanotrophic community structure in response has implications for landfill CH4 bio-filter remediation and possible bio-product outcomes (i.e., fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) content and profiles and polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) contents). Therefore the study aimed to evaluate the effect of variable CH4 to oxygen ratios (10-50% CH4 in air) on mixed methanotrophic community structures enriched from landfill top cover (LB) and compost soils (CB) and to quantify flow on impacts on MOC, total FAME contents and profiles, and PHB accumulation...
November 18, 2016: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870115/mica-gene-deletion-in-3411-dna-samples-from-five-distinct-populations-in-mainland-china-and-lack-of-association-with-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-npc-in-a-southern-chinese-han-population
#10
WenYi Wang, Wei Tian, FaMing Zhu, LiXin Li, JinHong Cai, Fan Wang, KangLong Liu, HeKun Jin, JunLong Wang
Deletion of major histocompatibility complex class I chain-related genes A (MICA*Del) was investigated in 3,411 DNA samples from two southern Chinese Han populations (Hunan Han, HNH; Guangdong Han, GDH), two northern Chinese populations (Inner Mongolia Han, IMH; Inner Mongolia Mongol, IMM) and one southeastern Chinese Han population (Fujian Han, FJH) using an in-house polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific priming (PCR-SSP) assay, which enables direct discrimination between heterozygote and homozygote for MICA*Del...
November 2016: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826035/comprehensive-computational-pathological-image-analysis-predicts-lung-cancer-prognosis
#11
Xin Luo, Xiao Zang, Lin Yang, Junzhou Huang, Faming Liang, Jaime Rodriguez Canales, Ignacio I Wistuba, Adi Gazdar, Yang Xie, Guanghua Xiao
INTRODUCTION: Pathological examination of histopathological slides is a routine clinical procedure for lung cancer diagnosis and prognosis. Although the classification of lung cancer has been updated to become more specific, only a small subset of the total morphological features is taken into consideration. The vast majority of the detailed morphological features of tumor tissues, particularly tumor cells' surrounding microenvironment, are not fully analyzed. The heterogeneity of tumor cells and close interactions between tumor cells and their microenvironments are closely related to tumor development and progression...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815850/experimental-assessment-of-non-edible-candlenut-biodiesel-and-its-blend-characteristics-as-diesel-engine-fuel
#12
H K Imdadul, N W M Zulkifli, H H Masjuki, M A Kalam, M Kamruzzaman, M M Rashed, H K Rashedul, Azham Alwi
Exploring new renewable energy sources as a substitute of petroleum reserves is necessary due to fulfilling the oncoming energy needs for industry and transportation systems. In this quest, a lot of research is going on to expose different kinds of new biodiesel sources. The non-edible oil from candlenut possesses the potential as a feedstock for biodiesel production. The present study aims to produce biodiesel from crude candlenut oil by using two-step transesterification process, and 10%, 20%, and 30% of biodiesel were mixed with diesel fuel as test blends for engine testing...
November 4, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810248/continuous-flow-through-a-microwave-oven-for-the-large-scale-production-of-biodiesel-from-waste-cooking-oil
#13
Alex Tangy, Indra Neel Pulidindi, Nina Perkas, Aharon Gedanken
This report presents a method for producing large quantities of biodiesel from waste cooking oil (WCO). Preliminary studies on optimization of the WCO transesterification process in a continuous-flow microwave reactor are carried out using commercial SrO as a catalyst. The SrO catalyst can be separated and reused for five reaction cycles without loss in activity. Challenges like mass flow and pressure drop constraints need to be surmounted. SrO nanoparticles deposited on millimeter-sized (3-6mm) silica beads (41wt% SrO/SiO2) are prepared and evaluated as a substitute for the SrO catalyst...
October 25, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809557/comparison-of-dapivirine-vaginal-gel-and-film-formulation-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-fame-02b
#14
Jennifer A Robinson, Mark A Marzinke, Rahul P Bakshi, Edward J Fuchs, Christine Radebaugh, Wutyi S Aung, Hans Spiegel, Jenell S Coleman, Lisa C Rohan, Craig W Hendrix
Objective While pre-exposure prophylaxis with oral tenofovir/emtricitabine reduces HIV acquisition rates, poor adherence to and acceptability of vaginal gels and the potential for evolving drug resistance has led to development of vaginal film formulations and other antiretroviral drugs, respectively, including the non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor dapivirine. Study Design In this two-arm, cross-over study of a novel fast-dissolving dapivirine film and a previously studied semisolid dapivirine gel, 10 healthy women received a single 1...
November 3, 2016: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805606/original-experimental-approach-for-assessing-transport-fuel-stability
#15
Kenza Bacha, Arij Ben Amara, Maira Alves Fortunato, Perrine Wund, Benjamin Veyrat, Pascal Hayrault, Axel Vannier, Michel Nardin, Laurie Starck
The study of fuel oxidation stability is an important issue for the development of future fuels. Diesel and kerosene fuel systems have undergone several technological changes to fulfill environmental and economic requirements. These developments have resulted in increasingly severe operating conditions whose suitability for conventional and alternative fuels needs to be addressed. For example, fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) introduced as biodiesel are more prone to oxidation and may lead to deposit formation...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800015/a-systems-analysis-of-biodiesel-production-from-wheat-straw-using-oleaginous-yeast-process-design-mass-and-energy-balances
#16
Hanna Karlsson, Serina Ahlgren, Mats Sandgren, Volkmar Passoth, Ola Wallberg, Per-Anders Hansson
BACKGROUND: Biodiesel is the main liquid biofuel in the EU and is currently mainly produced from vegetable oils. Alternative feedstocks are lignocellulosic materials, which provide several benefits compared with many existing feedstocks. This study examined a technical process and its mass and energy balances to gain a systems perspective of combined biodiesel (FAME) and biogas production from straw using oleaginous yeasts. Important process parameters with a determining impact on overall mass and energy balances were identified and evaluated...
2016: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774902/ginseng-in-dermatology-a-review
#17
Sarvenaz Sabouri-Rad, Sara Sabouri-Rad, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Zahra Tayarani-Najaran
Ginseng has gained fame as one of the most popular herbs originating from Eastern countries. Among different species which are known as ginseng, Panax ginseng C. A. Mey. (Korean or Asian ginseng) is the most frequently used one. Ginsenosides have been proposed to account for most of the biological activities of ginseng. The widely appreciated health-promoting effect of ginseng pertains to the beneficial effects of this plant against immune, cardiovascular and sexual diseases and cancer. In addition, there are some new aspects of the pharmacological activity of this plant which justify its use in dermatologic diseases...
October 21, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744162/application-of-fe-no3-3-based-as-nitrogen-source-and-coagulant-for-cultivation-and-harvesting-of-chlorella-sorokiniana
#18
Jung Ah Choi, Dong-Yeon Kim, Yeong Hwan Seo, Jong-In Han
In this study, Chlorella sorokiniana was successfully cultivated in the recycled medium whose nitrogen was supplied directly from the coagulant, Fe(NO3)3. With a dosage of 0.80g/L, harvesting efficiency of 95% could be achieved. What is more, this amount of nitrate in the coagulant was enough to fully support the growth of C. sorokiniana during the 8day cultivation period, almost as much as the initial nitrogen content in the BG11 culture medium. Other nutrients had to be supplemented, however, with at least 50% amount as in the BG11 recipe...
September 30, 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697029/fatty-acid-composition-of-mangrove-wild-legume-seeds-sesbania-speciosa-in-southwestern-india
#19
Kandikere R Sridhar, Dorathy D Anita, Sudeep D Ghate
This study compares the composition of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) in seeds of Sesbania speciosa (dry and mature) after processing (uncooked and cooked) and extraction (hot and cold). Among PUFA, oleic, linoleic and linolenic acids were common to uncooked and cooked dry seeds which were high on cold extraction. Only two fatty acid ratios were favorable in hot extraction [(C14:0 + C15:0 + (C16:0 / C18:0) and C18:1 / C18:2]. Cold extraction yielded docosahexaenoic acid in uncooked as well as cooked dry seeds and all fatty acid ratios were nutritionally favorable...
October 3, 2016: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684953/quantitative-proteomic-profiling-the-molecular-signatures-of-annexin-a5-in-lung-squamous-carcinoma-cells
#20
Bing Sun, Yuxin Bai, Liyuan Zhang, Linlin Gong, Xiaoyu Qi, Huizhen Li, Faming Wang, Xinming Chi, Yulin Jiang, Shujuan Shao
Lung cancer remains the leading cancer killer around the world. It's crucial to identify newer mechanism-based targets to effectively manage lung cancer. Annexin A5 (ANXA5) is a protein kinase C inhibitory protein and calcium dependent phospholipid-binding protein, which may act as an endogenous regulator of various pathophysiological processes. However, its molecular mechanism in lung cancer remains poorly understood. This study was designed to determine the mechanism of ANXA5 in lung cancer with a hope to obtain useful information to provide a new therapeutic target...
2016: PloS One
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