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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911108/comparative-study-of-dual-pulsed-1-064-nm-q-switched-nd-yag-laser-and-single-pulsed-1-064-nm-q-switched-nd-yag-laser-by-using-zebrafish-model-and-prospective-split-face-analysis-of-facial-melasma
#1
Hee Won Jang, Seung Hyun Chun, Hae Chul Park, Hwa Jung Ryu, Il-Hwan Kim
BACKGROUND: Recently dual-pulsed low-fluence 1,064 nm Q-switched Nd:YAG (QSNY) laser has been developed for reducing complication during melasma treatment. OBJECTIVE: Comparison of the efficacy and safety between dual-pulsed mode and single-pulsed mode for the treatment of melasma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In preclinical study, adult zebrafish were irradiated with dual-pulsed and single-pulsed mode. Changes of melanophore and cell death were assessed...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905115/treatment-for-hereditary-angioedema-with-normal-c1-inh-and-specific-mutations-in-the-f12-gene-hae-fxii
#2
K Bork, K Wulff, G Witzke, J Hardt
Hereditary angioedema with normal C1 esterase inhibitor and mutations in the F12 gene (HAE-FXII) is associated with skin swellings, abdominal pain attacks, and the risk of asphyxiation due to upper airway obstruction. It occurs nearly exclusively in women. We report our experience treating HAE-FXII with discontinuation of potential trigger factors and drug therapies. The study included 72 patients with HAE-FXII. Potential triggers included estrogen-containing oral contraceptives (eOC), hormonal replacement therapy, or angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors...
November 6, 2016: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904951/pre-emptive-injection-of-peri-articular-multimodal-drug-for-post-operative-pain-management-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Mahdi Motififard, Ali Omidian, Sajad Badiei
PURPOSE: Severe post-operative pain is one of the main problems after total knee arthroplasty. In this study, we investigated the effect of a peri-articular multimodal drugs injections pre-emptively on post-operative pain control and knee functions following total knee arthroplasty. METHODS AND MATERIALS: This study was a double-blind randomized clinical trial. Eligible cases including 137 patients-aged 30 to 80 years old-were randomly divided into one of two groups: the drug group received a cocktail consisting of bupivacaine hydrochloride, morphine sulphate, epinephrine, and ketorolac...
November 30, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904004/delayed-diagnosis-of-blunt-carotid-trauma-in-a-seat-belt-syndrome-with-associated-abdominal-wall-injury-a-case-report
#4
Savino Occhionorelli, Dario Andreotti, Daniela Tartarini, Lorenzo Cappellari, Rocco Stano, Lucia Morganti, Giorgio Vasquez
: The aim of this case report is to be aware of occult carotid lesions in thoracic- abdominal trauma because, carotid artery injury consequent to blunt trauma is rare, affecting less than 1% of patients as reported in literature. A 45-years-old female, involved in a traffic accident, arrived to Emergency Room hemodynamically stable, with a Glasgow Coma Scale of 15, complaining abdominal pain, without any neurological signs. She underwent Computed Tomography (CT) scan that showed a complete disruption of left abdominal wall muscles, associated with massive bowel loops herniation...
November 28, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903183/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-vestibular-schwannomas-average-10-year-follow-up-results-focusing-on-long-term-hearing-preservation
#5
Shinya Watanabe, Masaaki Yamamoto, Takuya Kawabe, Takao Koiso, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Akira Matsumura, Hidetoshi Kasuya
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to reappraise long-term treatment outcomes of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) for vestibular schwannomas (VSs). The authors used a database that included patients who underwent SRS with a unique dose-planning technique, i.e., partial tumor coverage designed to avoid excess irradiation of the facial and cochlear nerves, focusing on tumor control and hearing preservation. Clinical factors associated with post-SRS tumor control and long-term hearing preservation were also analyzed...
December 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902721/facial-indicators-of-positive-emotions-in-rats
#6
Kathryn Finlayson, Jessica Frances Lampe, Sara Hintze, Hanno Würbel, Luca Melotti
Until recently, research in animal welfare science has mainly focused on negative experiences like pain and suffering, often neglecting the importance of assessing and promoting positive experiences. In rodents, specific facial expressions have been found to occur in situations thought to induce negatively valenced emotional states (e.g., pain, aggression and fear), but none have yet been identified for positive states. Thus, this study aimed to investigate if facial expressions indicative of positive emotional state are exhibited in rats...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896270/the-assessment-of-facial-expressions-in-piglets-undergoing-tail-docking-and-castration-toward-the-development-of-the-piglet-grimace-scale
#7
Pierpaolo Di Giminiani, Victoria L M H Brierley, Annalisa Scollo, Flaviana Gottardo, Emma M Malcolm, Sandra A Edwards, Matthew C Leach
Many piglets are exposed to potentially painful husbandry procedures within the first week of life, including tail docking and castration, without the provision of either anesthesia or analgesia. The assessment methods used to evaluate pain experienced by piglets are often affected by low specificity and practical limitations, prompting the investigation of alternative methodologies. The assessment of changes in facial expression following a painful event has been successfully applied to several species. The objective of this pilot study was to evaluate the utility of a Grimace Scale applied to neonatal pigs to evaluate pain evoked by tail docking and castration...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891453/efficacy-of-ketamine-as-an-adjunct-to-local-anesthesia-in-the-surgical-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars-a-split-mouth-prospective-controlled-clinical-study
#8
Anand Shah, Rajshekhar Halli, Yash Merchant, Rajesh Kshirsagar, Jyotsana Khurana
INTRODUCTION: The removal of impacted teeth is one of the most common procedures performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons. Reduction of discomfort post-operatively and efficient local anesthesia are imperative for success in surgical practice. At sub-anesthetic doses, ketamine has a noticeable analgesic action, which can be used to supplement local anesthesia with minimal side effects. AIM: To assess the efficacy of low-dose ketamine as an adjunct to local anesthesia in the management of pain, swelling and trismus after surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888671/sclerosing-polycystic-adenosis-of-the-parotid-gland-a-systematic-review-and-report-of-2-new-cases
#9
Carlos A Espinosa, Laura Rua, Héctor E Torres, Álvaro Fernández Del Valle, Rui P Fernandes, Juan C Devicente
PURPOSE: We sought to evaluate clinical-epidemiologic aspects, pathologic characteristics, and treatment of sclerosing polycystic adenosis (SPA) of the parotid gland and to report 2 new cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic review following PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines for studies published in or before June 2016. The inclusion criteria were as follows: final diagnosis of SPA affecting the parotid gland and articles published in Spanish or English...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884737/botulinum-neurotoxin-type-a-alleviates-mechanical-hypersensitivity-associated-with-infraorbital-nerve-constriction-injury-in-rats
#10
Noboru Noma, Kosuke Watanabe, Yuka Sato, Yoshiki Imamura, Yumiko Yamamoto, Reio Ito, Mitsuru Maruno, Kohei Shimizu, Koichi Iwata
We investigated the effect of botulinum neurotoxin type A (BoNT-A) on mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia associated with infraorbital nerve constriction (ION-CCI) in rats. ION-CCI rats received a subcutaneous BoNT-A injection into the whisker pad area on day 7 postoperatively and underwent pain assessment on days 14 and 21 postoperatively. Rats were assigned to one of four treatment groups (n=5 each): ION-CCI+BoNT-A 20pg (low-dose group), ION-CCI+BoNT-A 200pg (high-dose group), ION-CCI+saline, and Sham. Mechanical allodynia and hyperalgesia were evaluated preoperatively (baseline) and on days 7, 14, and 21 postoperatively...
November 21, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876330/pneumomediastinum-pneumothorax-and-subcutaneous-emphysema-caused-by-colonoscopic-perforation-a-report-of-two-cases
#11
Pyong Wha Choi
BACKGROUND: Although colonoscopy is generally a safe procedure, lethal complications can occur. Colonoscopic perforation is one of the most serious complications, and it can present with various clinical symptoms and signs. Aggravating abdominal pain and free air on simple radiography are representative clinical manifestations of colonoscopic perforation. However, unusual symptoms and signs, such as dyspnea and subcutaneous emphysema, which are less likely to be related with complicating colonoscopy, may obscure correct clinical diagnosis...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875506/nerve-combing-for-trigeminal-neuralgia-without-vascular-compression
#12
Hua Zhao, Xin Zhang, Dayin Tang, Shiting Li
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe and evaluate the long-term clinical outcome of "nerve combing" for trigeminal neuralgia (TN) without vascular compression. METHODS: Fifteen patients with TN treated with microvascular decompression had no visible vascular compression intraoperatively. All of them underwent trigeminal nerve combing. RESULTS: The long-term excellent relief was achieved in 73.3% of patients, 2 patients had good outcome, 1 patient experienced obvious partial relief, and the intensity of the residual pain was not severe enough to require medication...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870403/sex-differences-in-social-cognition-the-case-of-face-processing
#13
Alice Mado Proverbio
Several studies have demonstrated that women show a greater interest for social information and empathic attitude than men. This article reviews studies on sex differences in the brain, with particular reference to how males and females process faces and facial expressions, social interactions, pain of others, infant faces, faces in things (pareidolia phenomenon), opposite-sex faces, humans vs. landscapes, incongruent behavior, motor actions, biological motion, erotic pictures, and emotional information. Sex differences in oxytocin-based attachment response and emotional memory are also mentioned...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867122/resolution-of-trigeminal-neuralgia-after-transvenous-embolization-of-a-cavernous-sinus-dural-arteriovenous-fistula
#14
Kenji Fukutome, Ichiro Nakagawa, Hun Soo Park, Takeshi Wada, Yasushi Motoyama, Kimihiko Kichikawa, Hiroyuki Nakase
A rare case of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CSDAVF) in a patient with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) that resolved immediately after transvenous embolization (TVE) is described. A 75-year-old woman presented with continuous facial pain. On time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), a CSDAVF was suspected, and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) showed a CSDAVF. The TN completely resolved immediately after TVE, with no recurrence. Follow-up MRA showed complete obliteration of the fistula 13 months after TVE...
November 17, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861312/peripheral-ulcerative-keratitis-secondary-to-chronic-hepatitis-b-infection
#15
David W Wei, Christian Pagnoux, Clara C Chan
PURPOSE: To report a unique case of peripheral ulcerative keratitis secondary to hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated cryoglobulinemia and vasculitis and its pharmacological and surgical treatment and 2-year follow-up. METHODS: A 52-year-old woman presented with unilateral eye pain and photophobia, arthralgia, remnants of a maculopapular rash, and subsequently facial numbness several weeks later. Her best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) in the affected eye was 20/80...
November 16, 2016: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858390/eagle-syndrome-presented-with-neurological-symptoms
#16
Elçin Aydin, Hüseyin Quliyev, Celal Çinar, Halil Bozkaya, İsmail Oran
AIM: Eagle syndrome is a rare entity that causes recurrent throat pain, neck pain, dysphagia, or facial pain by elongated styloid process or calcified stylohyoid ligament. Clinical findings related to the lower cranial nerves compression have also been reported. In some cases it is reported that carotid artery compression or dissection can be seen due to elongated styloid process and it is called carotid artery syndrome. Carotid artery compression causes flow reduction and carotidynia or neurological symptoms can be seen...
October 14, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852703/investigating-the-impact-of-headaches-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-glioblastoma-multiforme-a-qualitative-study
#17
Samuel Robert Bennett, Garth Cruickshank, Antje Lindenmeyer, Simon Rhys Morris
OBJECTIVES: Headaches and facial pain have been identified as the most prevalent form of pain among patients with glioblastoma multiforme, the most common malignant primary brain tumour. Despite this, minimal research has been undertaken investigating the direct and indirect impact these headaches have on their quality of life. Therefore, in this study, we aimed at gaining a personal insight into the importance and impact that these headaches have on the quality of life of patients with glioblastoma multiforme...
November 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847579/a-clinical-analysis-of-secondary-surgery-in-trigeminal-neuralgia-patients-who-failed-prior-treatment
#18
Il Ho Kang, Bong Jin Park, Chang Kyu Park, Hridayesh Pratap Malla, Sung Ho Lee, Bong Arm Rhee
OBJECTIVE: Although many treatment modalities have been introduced for trigeminal neuralgia (TN), the long-term clinical results remain unsatisfactory. It has been particularly challenging to determine an appropriate treatment strategy for patients who have responded poorly to initial therapies. We analyzed the surgical outcomes in TN patients who failed prior treatments. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 37 patients with recurrent or persistent TN symptoms who underwent surgery at our hospital between January 2010 and December 2014...
November 2016: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844410/the-great-mimicker-metastatic-breast-carcinoma-to-the-head-and-neck-with-emphasis-on-unusual-clinical-and-pathologic-features
#19
Dikson Dibe Gondim, Rebecca Chernock, Samir El-Mofty, James S Lewis
Distant metastases are relatively common in breast cancer, but spread to the head and neck region is uncommon and can be diagnostically challenging. Pathology databases of two academic hospitals were searched for patients. The diagnoses were by morphologic comparison with the primary breast specimen (when available) or through the use of immunohistochemical stains characteristic of breast carcinoma (cytokeratin 7, mammaglobin, GCDFP15, and/or GATA3 positive-excluding new primary tumors at the respective head and neck sites)...
November 14, 2016: Head and Neck Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843268/comparative-efficacy-of-amoxicillin-clavulanic-acid-and-levofloxacin-in-the-reduction-of-postsurgical-sequelae-after-third-molar-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial-in-a-nigerian-university-teaching-hospital
#20
Kizito Chioma Ndukwe, Ramat Oyebunmi Braimah, John Foluso Owotade, Stephen Babatunde Aregbesola
BACKGROUND: The most common sequelae after surgical removal of mandibular third molar are pain, trismus, swelling, and dysphagia. However, these symptoms can also signal the onset of surgical site infection and alveoli osteitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic amoxicillin/clavulanic acid and levofloxacin and preemptive therapy of amoxicillin/clavulanic acid in the reduction of postinflammatory complications, surgical site infection, and alveolar osteitis following the third molar surgery...
July 2016: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
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