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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226525/pain-detection-from-facial-images-using-unsupervised-feature-learning-approach
#1
Reza Kharghanian, Ali Peiravi, Farshad Moradi, Reza Kharghanian, Ali Peiravi, Farshad Moradi, Ali Peiravi, Reza Kharghanian, Farshad Moradi
In this paper a new method for continuous pain detection is proposed. One approach to detect the presence of pain is by processing images taken from the face. It has been reported that expression of pain from the face can be detected utilizing Action Units (AUs). In this manner, each action units must be detected separately and then combined together through a linear expression. Also, pain detection can be directly done from a painful face. There are different methods to extract features of both shape and appearance...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223858/the-therapeutic-usage-of-botulinum-toxin-botox-in-non-cosmetic-head-and-neck-conditions-an-evidence-based-review
#2
REVIEW
Kamran Habib Awan
Botulinum toxin (Botox) is an exotoxin produced from Clostridium botulinum. It blocks the release of acetylcholine from the cholinergic nerve end plates resulting in inactivity of the muscles or glands innervated. The efficacy of Botox in facial aesthetics is well established; however, recent literature has highlighted its utilization in multiple non-cosmetic medical and surgical conditions. The present article reviews the current evidence pertaining to Botox use in the non-cosmetic head and neck conditions...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221280/the-elusive-diagnosis-of-adolescent-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#3
Michelino Mancini
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease affecting multiple systems, and its various symptoms are often mistaken for other diseases. This case report describes a 15-year-old girl who presented to the emergency department with complaints of diffuse abdominal pain, facial swelling, joint pain, low-grade fever, and rash. An initial autoimmune process was suspected, and, with prompt referral, a diagnosis of SLE was confirmed. This case report and discussion review the difficulty of diagnosing SLE and the importance of maintaining autoimmune diseases, such as SLE, on an emergency physician's differential...
February 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217537/effect-of-proteolytic-enzyme-bromelain-on-pain-and-swelling-after-removal-of-third-molars
#4
Tejpal Singh, Vinayak More, Umayra Fatima, Tanveer Karpe, Mohammed A Aleem, J Prameela
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of bromelain on pain and swelling after surgical removal of third molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective randomized clinical study was conducted among 40 patients requiring surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars. All the impacted molars were surgically removed, and the patients were administered bromelain along with amoxicillin. Patients were recalled on day 1, day 3, and day 7 for postoperative pain assessment using visual analogue scale (VAS) and postoperative swelling assessment using facial reference points tragus and pogonion...
December 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217437/spontaneous-pneumomediastinum-in-a-healthy-young-female-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#5
Ahmed Dirweesh, Chikezie Alvarez, Muhammad Khan, Donald Christmas
Spontaneous pneumomediastinum (SPM) is an uncommon finding in young adults presenting usually without any comorbidities or an underlying pathology. It is most commonly due to alveolar rupture in the setting of an inciting event such an underlying asthma, barotrauma, valsalva maneuver, or esophageal rupture. Individuals can have varying presentations, from chest pain, dyspnea and dysphagia, to anxiety, weakness, or facial and neck swelling. The majority of patients have subcutaneous emphysema on examination and can have abnormal laboratory findings such as an elevated C-reactive proteins and leukocytosis...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216012/the-association-between-treatment-reactions-and-treatment-efficiency-of-hmme-photodynamic-therapy-on-port-wine-stains-a-prospective-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Yan Tang, Hongfu Xie, Ji Li, Dan Jian
BACKGROUND: Plenty of researches focused on treatment efficiency and/or treatment reactions of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on port-wine stain (PWS). But few studies reported the association between them. Hence, here we investigated the association between the treatment efficiency and treatment reactions after Hemoporfin mediated photodynamic therapy (HMME-PDT) on PWS through a prospective study. METHODS: Patients (n=50) with PWS were randomly assigned to the HMME group or the placebo group...
February 12, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215854/endoscope-assisted-resection-of-elongated-styloid-process-through-a-retroauricular-incision-a-novel-surgical-approach-to-eagle-syndrome
#7
Renhui Chen, Faya Liang, Ping Han, Qian Cai, Shitong Yu, Xiaoming Huang
PURPOSE: Conventional resection of the elongated styloid process is associated with large-scale tissue dissection and poor surgical exposure. The purpose of this study was to show the feasibility, efficacy, and safety of a novel surgical approach using an endoscopic technique to treat Eagle syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors implemented a retrospective cohort study composed of 133 patients undergoing endoscope-assisted styloidectomy (EAS) from June 2010 to August 2015 at a university teaching hospital...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214916/facial-expression-an-under-utilised-tool-for-the-assessment-of-welfare-in-mammals
#8
Kris A Descovich, Jennifer Wathan, Matthew C Leach, Hannah M Buchanan-Smith, Paul Flecknell, David Farningham, Sarah-Jane Vick
Animal welfare is a key issue for industries that use or impact upon animals. The accurate identification of welfare states is particularly relevant to the field of bioscience, where the 3Rs framework encourages refinement of experimental procedures involving animal models. The assessment and improvement of welfare states in animals is reliant on reliable and valid measurement tools. Behavioural measures (activity, attention, posture and vocalisation) are frequently used because they are immediate and non-invasive, however no single indicator can yield a complete picture of the internal state of an animal...
February 8, 2017: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213765/association-between-signs-and-symptoms-of-bruxism-and-presence-of-tori-a-systematic-review
#9
Eduardo Bertazzo-Silveira, Juliana Stuginski-Barbosa, André Luís Porporatti, Bruce Dick, Carlos Flores-Mir, Daniele Manfredini, Graziela De Luca Canto
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to answer the question: "Is there an association between any specific signs and symptoms of bruxism and the presence of tori?" MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational studies, which evaluated the association between signs and symptoms of bruxism and tori, were selected. Signs and symptoms of bruxism (such as teeth grinding, jaw clenching, abnormal tooth wear, facial muscle hypertrophy, pain, or fatigue) had to be determined by questionnaire or anamnesis and tori within clinical assessment...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210449/oral-mucosal-lesions-in-a-chilean-elderly-population-a-retrospective-study-with-a-systematic-review-from-thirteen-countries
#10
César Rivera, Daniel Droguett, María-Jesús Arenas-Márquez
BACKGROUND: The oral examination is an essential part of the multidisciplinary medical care in elderly people. Oral mucosal lesions and normal variations of oral anatomy (OMLs) are very common in this people, but few studies have examined the frequency and prevalence of these conditions worldwide and less in Chile. The aim of this research was to evaluate the frequency of OMLs in a Chilean elderly population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: It was conducted a retrospective study (Talca, Chile)...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207407/deep-pain-exploiting-long-short-term-memory-networks-for-facial-expression-classification
#11
Pau Rodriguez, Guillem Cucurull, Jordi Gonalez, Josep M Gonfaus, Kamal Nasrollahi, Thomas B Moeslund, F Xavier Roca
Pain is an unpleasant feeling that has been shown to be an important factor for the recovery of patients. Since this is costly in human resources and difficult to do objectively, there is the need for automatic systems to measure it. In this paper, contrary to current state-of-the-art techniques in pain assessment, which are based on facial features only, we suggest that the performance can be enhanced by feeding the raw frames to deep learning models, outperforming the latest state-of-the-art results while also directly facing the problem of imbalanced data...
February 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205208/skin-to-skin-care-for-procedural-pain-in-neonates
#12
REVIEW
Celeste Johnston, Marsha Campbell-Yeo, Timothy Disher, Britney Benoit, Ananda Fernandes, David Streiner, Darlene Inglis, Rebekah Zee
BACKGROUND: Skin-to-skin care (SSC), often referred to as 'kangaroo care' (KC) due to its similarity with marsupial behaviour of ventral maternal-infant contact, is one non-pharmacological intervention for pain control in infants. OBJECTIVES: The primary objectives were to determine the effect of SSC alone on pain from medical or nursing procedures in neonates compared to no intervention, sucrose or other analgesics, or additions to simple SSC such as rocking; and to determine the effects of the amount of SSC (duration in minutes), method of administration (e...
February 16, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193257/bell-s-palsy-in-children-bellpic-protocol-for-a-multicentre-placebo-controlled-randomized-trial
#13
Franz E Babl, Mark T Mackay, Meredith L Borland, David W Herd, Amit Kochar, Jason Hort, Arjun Rao, John A Cheek, Jeremy Furyk, Lisa Barrow, Shane George, Michael Zhang, Kaya Gardiner, Katherine J Lee, Andrew Davidson, Robert Berkowitz, Frank Sullivan, Emily Porrello, Kim Marie Dalziel, Vicki Anderson, Ed Oakley, Sandy Hopper, Fiona Williams, Catherine Wilson, Amanda Williams, Stuart R Dalziel
BACKGROUND: Bell's palsy or acute idiopathic lower motor neurone facial paralysis is characterized by sudden onset paralysis or weakness of the muscles to one side of the face controlled by the facial nerve. While there is high level evidence in adults demonstrating an improvement in the rate of complete recovery of facial nerve function when treated with steroids compared with placebo, similar high level studies on the use of steroids in Bell's palsy in children are not available. The aim of this study is to assess the utility of steroids in Bell's palsy in children in a randomised placebo-controlled trial...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193110/pontine-tegmental-cap-dysplasia-in-an-extremely-preterm-infant-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Sylvie Picker-Minh, Sebastian Hartenstein, Hans Proquitté, Sebastian Fröhler, Vera Raile, Nadine Kraemer, Sarah Apeshiotis, Michael Leipoldt, Karim D Kalache, Deborah Morris-Rosendahl, Eugen Boltshauser, Wei Chen, Angela M Kaindl
Pontine tegmental cap dysplasia is a rare hindbrain malformation syndrome with a hypoplastic pons, a tissue protrusion into the fourth ventricle, and cranial nerve dysfunction. We here report clinical, imaging, and genetic findings of the first extremely low-birth-weight preterm infant with pontine tegmental cap dysplasia born at 25 weeks of gestation and provide an overview of 29 sporadic cases. A prenatally diagnosed hypoplastic and rostrally shifted cerebellum was indicative of a hindbrain defect and later identified as an early sign of pontine tegmental cap dysplasia in our patient...
March 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192626/oral-and-mandibular-manifestations-in-the-ehlers-danlos-syndromes
#15
John Mitakides, Brad T Tinkle
The Ehlers-Danlos syndromes (EDS) are hereditary disorders that affect the connective tissue and collagen structures in the body. Several types of EDS have been identified. Oral and mandibular structures, which include oral soft tissue, dentition, facial and head pain, and the functioning of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), are variably affected in the various types of EDS. These various manifestations of EDS have been noted for many years, but newer diagnostic techniques and studies are shedding additional light on the challenges faced by EDS patients in the area of oral and mandibular disorders...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part C, Seminars in Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192274/activity-and-connectivity-of-the-cerebellum-in-trigeminal-nociception
#16
Jan Mehnert, Laura Schulte, Dagmar Timmann, Arne May
The role of the cerebellum in pathologies of the trigeminal nervous system is still unknown although recently gathered evidence point to a modulatory rather than a passive role. Here we provide evidence for the activation of specific cerebellar areas during nociceptive trigeminal input in the left nostril in a large number of volunteers (54 subjects) and an additional independent group (18 subjects) as measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Peak voxel activity ipsilateral to the stimulated side can be seen in cerebellar lobules VI, VIIIa and Crus I, and vermal lobule VIIIa, although some activations are also seen in the contralateral side...
February 10, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191336/rare-cervical-intramedullary-cavernous-angioma-with-trigeminal-neuralgia-and-cervical-itch-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
Gong Shuhui, Liu Jiagang, Huang Siqing, Chen Haifeng, Tang Qingrong, Zhao Bohao
INTRODUCTION: Intramedullary cavernous angioma (ICA) is a rare lesion of the spinal cord, representing only 3% - 5% of central nervous system lesions. The coexistence of trigeminal neuralgia and refractory itch is very rarely encountered in clinical practice. To our knowledge, a report of an ICA with trigeminal neuralgia and local neuropathic itch has never been published to date. Thus, we present a very interesting case of a C2 ICA. CASE PRESENTATION: A 61-year-old female presented with right facial pain for three years, which was exacerbated by accompanying cervical pain and itch for one month...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190665/intranasal-fentanyl-and-inhaled-nitrous-oxide-for-fracture-reduction-the-fan-observational-study
#18
J Hoeffe, E Doyon Trottier, B Bailey, D Shellshear, M Lagacé, C Sutter, G Grimard, R Cook, F E Babl
INTRODUCTION: Procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) are frequently used for fracture reduction in pediatric emergency departments (ED). Combining intranasal (IN) fentanyl with inhalation of nitrous oxide (N2O) allow for short recovery time and obviates painful and time-consuming IV access insertions. METHODS: We performed a bicentric, prospective, observational cohort study. Patients aged 4-18years were included if they received combined PSA with IN fentanyl and N2O for the reduction of mildly/moderately displaced fracture or of dislocation...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190503/monitoring-equine-head-related-pain-with-the-equine-utrecht-university-scale-for-facial-assessment-of-pain-equus-fap
#19
Johannes P A M van Loon, Machteld C Van Dierendonck
This study validates a recently described pain scale, the Equine Utrecht University scale for facial assessment of pain (EQUUS-FAP), in horses with acute or postoperative pain originating from the head, including dental pain, ocular pain, or trauma to the skull. This cohort study of 23 horses with head-related pain and 23 normal, healthy controls revealed significant differences in EQUUS-FAP scores between control horses and horses with acute or postoperative pain (P <0.001). Moreover, pain scores after surgery decreased significantly over time (P <0...
February 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186468/nocifensive-behaviors-in-mice-with-radiation-induced-oral-mucositis
#20
Michael W Nolan, C Tyler Long, Karen L Marcus, Shayan Sarmadi, Donald M Roback, Tomoki Fukuyama, Wolfgang Baeumer, B Duncan X Lascelles
Oral mucositis can result in significant dysphagia, and is the most common dose-limiting acute toxicity in head and neck cancer patients receiving chemoradiotherapy. There is a critical need to determine the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie radiotherapy-associated discomfort in patients with mucositis. The objective was to induce oral mucositis in mice, using a clinical linear accelerator, and to quantify resultant discomfort, and characterize peripheral sensitization. A clinical linear accelerator was used to deliver ionizing radiation to the oral cavity of mice...
February 10, 2017: Radiation Research
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