Read by QxMD icon Read

Mental healt

Michał T W von Grabowski
In the paper the health-care of physically disabled patients in Germany before, during and after the II world war are discussed. The circumstances of introduction of "Racial-Hygiene" - laws and orthopedic indications for the sterilization and euthanasia are described. Patients with severe physical and mental disabilities were potential candidates for annihilation. The tragic fate of jewish physicians is remembered. The activity of board of the German Orthopeadic Society (DOG) in the years 1933-1945 is described and critically analysed...
January 2015: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
Connie J A Beck, Edward R Anderson, Karey L O'Hara, G Andrew H Benjamin
In many jurisdictions divorcing couples are court-ordered to participate in divorce mediation to resolve parenting plan disputes prior to a court allowing a case to proceed to trial. Historically, a significant number (40-80%) of these divorcing couples enter this highly stressful legal process having experienced violence and abuse within the relationship (Pearson, 1997). Several researchers have developed typologies that describe couple-level patterns of Intimate Partner Violence and Abuse (IPV/A) behaviors; one research team suggested their typology could apply specifically to such divorcing people (Kelly & Johnson, 2008)...
October 2013: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
Susan J Woolford, Bethany J Sallinen, Sarah J Clark, Heidi B Iglayreger, Paul M Gordon
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether reasons for enrollment in a pediatric multidisciplinary weight management program (PMWMP) are associated with subsequent weight loss. METHOD: A retrospective analysis of obese adolescents (12-18 years old, body mass index [BMI] > 95th percentile) who enrolled in a PMWMP from April 2007 to March 2009, and had BMI measurements at weeks 1 and 12. Reasons for enrollment were obtained from parents' responses to an enrollment questionnaire (which allowed selection of more than one reason)...
April 1, 2012: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
Kyle J Ferrar, Jill Kriesky, Charles L Christen, Lynne P Marshall, Samantha L Malone, Ravi K Sharma, Drew R Michanowicz, Bernard D Goldstein
INTRODUCTION: Concerns for health and social impacts have arisen as a result of Marcellus Shale unconventional natural gas development. Our goal was to document the self-reported health impacts and mental and physical health stressors perceived to result from Marcellus Shale development. METHODS: Two sets of interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of community members living proximal to Marcellus Shale development, session 1 March-September 2010 (n = 33) and session 2 January-April 2012 (n = 20)...
April 2013: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Vanden Berghe Wim, Nöstlinger Christiana, Laga Marie
Men who have sex with men (MSM) are confronted with different health problems. Next to a higher HIV prevalence and a higher reporting of depressive symptoms and other mental health problems, there is also evidence of substance dependence and sexual compulsivity occurring simultaneously. Using a sample of 591 HIV-negative Belgian MSM, we examine the relationships between depressive symptoms and other risk factors of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) practice with casual partners. These risk factors include depressive symptoms, sexual behavioural indicators, individual risk perception of UAI, intrapersonal factors measured by the sexual sensation seeking scale, substance use, sources of social support and social norming regarding condom use and finally the location where or media through which men find sex partners...
January 2014: AIDS and Behavior
Claudia Lang, Eva Jansen
The appropriation of biopsychiatric concepts such as depression, and their reframing in clinical and academic discussions, are important parts of the revitalization of bhūt vidyā as Ayurvedic psychiatry. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork conducted in Kerala from 2009 to 2011, in this article we explore the process and the controversies of translating and correlating the biopsychiatric notion of depression, as a discrete and biologic pathological entity, with Ayurvedic notions of body, mind, and mental distress...
2013: Medical Anthropology
S Bermúdez i Badia, A García Morgade, H Samaha, P F M J Verschure
Stroke is one of the leading causes of adult disability with high economical and societal costs. In recent years, novel rehabilitation paradigms have been proposed to address the life-long plasticity of the brain to regain motor function. We propose a hybrid brain-computer interface (BCI)-virtual reality (VR) system that combines a personalized motor training in a VR environment, exploiting brain mechanisms for action execution and observation, and a neuro-feedback paradigm using mental imagery as a way to engage secondary or indirect pathways to access undamaged cortico-spinal tracts...
March 2013: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Kattika Thanakwang, Kusol Soonthorndhada, Jiraporn Mongkolprasoet
In this qualitative study, we provide an in-depth understanding of the views of healthy aging among Thai elderly and explore the ways that contribute to healthy aging. Data were collected using focus groups and in-depth interviews in four selected provinces of Thailand, and were analyzed using content analysis. The results revealed that Thai elderly described being healthy as the result of multiple components involving physical, mental, and social well-being. Healthy aging was viewed as an absence of serious diseases, having functional independence, a positive psycho-emotional outlook, and making a social contribution...
December 2012: Nursing & Health Sciences
Paul A Boelen
Research has shown that prolonged grief disorder (PGD) is a disorder distinct from other disorders including major depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study aimed to extend this research by examining the distinctiveness of symptoms of PGD relative to symptoms of adult separation anxiety disorder, also taking into account depression. Data were available from 205 bereaved individuals who completed measures tapping these symptoms together with a complementary measure of mental and physical health...
May 15, 2013: Psychiatry Research
Marina Taloyan, Gunnar Aronsson, Constanze Leineweber, Linda Magnusson Hanson, Kristina Alexanderson, Hugo Westerlund
BACKGROUND: Earlier studies have suggested that sickness presenteeism (SP) may be a risk factor for future health problems. The purpose of the present study was to test this in a nationally representative prospective study of Swedish workers. METHODS: Prospective cohort with a representative sample of the Swedish working population surveyed in 2008 and 2010. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using logistic regression. RESULTS: Those who reported more than 7 days of SP had higher risk of suboptimal SRH compared to those who reported no SP (OR = 5...
2012: PloS One
Margaret O'Sullivan, Anthony O'Brien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2012: Australian Nursing Journal: ANJ
Sharon C H Tan, Ai Lean Yeoh, Irene B K Choo, Adeline P H Huang, Seng Hong Ong, Hafizah Ismail, Pei Pei Ang, Yiong Huak Chan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Examined the levels of burden and the coping strategies experienced by caregivers of persons with schizophrenia in the community. It aims (1) to provide mental healthcare professionals with more information about caregiver stressors and (2) to recommend more effective community resources and support. BACKGROUND: A caregiver's burden increases due to negative coping skills and lack of resources. However, insufficient studies of caregiver burden and coping skills accentuate the already inadequate understanding of the field...
September 2012: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Jeannine S Schiller, Jacqueline W Lucas, Brian W Ward, Jennifer A Peregoy
OBJECTIVES: This report presents health statistics from the 2010 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) for the civilian noninstitutionalized adult population, classified by sex, age, race and Hispanic origin, education, family income, poverty status, health insurance coverage, marital status, and place and region of residence. Estimates are presented for selected chronic conditions and mental health characteristics, functional limitations, health status, health behaviors, health care access and utilization, and human immunodeficiency virus testing...
January 2012: Vital and Health Statistics. Series 10, Data From the National Health Survey
Guy Shefer, Diana Rose, Laura Nellums, Graham Thornicroft, Claire Henderson, Sara Evans-Lacko
BACKGROUND: Existing knowledge about the cultural beliefs of black and minority ethnic (BME) communities in the UK regarding stigma and mental illness is limited. MATERIAL: Data were collected in 10 focus groups, five with service users and five with laypersons, from BME communities in London. DISCUSSION: Thematic analysis identified that cultural beliefs regarding mental illness reflect four different voices present within the BME communities...
September 2013: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
Keng-Yen Huang, Esther Calzada, Sabrina Cheng, Laurie Miller Brotman
OBJECTIVE: To examine physical and mental health functioning among Asian-American children of US-born and immigrant parents. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 base-year public data file. The sample was restricted to 7726 Asian and US-born white children. Asian subgroups were created based on parents' country of birth. Child physical and mental health was assessed based on multiple sources of data and measures...
February 2012: Journal of Pediatrics
Krysia N Mossakowski
This study uses the life course perspective and data from 16 waves of the US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1979-1994) to examine whether unfulfilled expectations about educational attainment, employment, marriage, and parenthood are risk factors for subsequent symptoms of depression among young adults in the United States. Results from ordinary least squares regression analyses indicate that achieving a lower level of education than expected, becoming a parent unexpectedly, and being out of the labor force unexpectedly at ages 19-27 predict higher levels of depressive symptoms at ages 29-37, adjusting for demographics, family background, and earlier mental health...
September 2011: Social Science & Medicine
Nao Suzuki, Masato Ninomiya, Tomoko Maruta, Shinji Hosonuma, Norihito Yoshioka, Tatsuru Ohara, Yoshiko Nishigaya, Yoichi Kobayashi, Kazushige Kiguchi, Bunpei Ishizuka
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of cancer causes psychological distress. The present study investigated the safety and efficacy of fluvoxamine therapy in gynecologic cancer patients with either adjustment disorder or major depression after cancer was diagnosed. METHODS: Screening with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was conducted at least 2 weeks after notification of the diagnosis of cancer in 214 gynecologic cancer patients hospitalized between January 2007 and December 2008...
August 2011: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Pascale Esch, Valéry Bocquet, Charles Pull, Sophie Couffignal, Marc Graas, Marie-Lise Lair, Torsten Lehnert, Laurence Fond-Harmant, Marc Ansseau
BACKGROUND: In Luxembourg, the extensive phenomenon of school dropout is a prime policy concern in the light of individual, social and economic consequences. Although the authorities report an overall decrease of the national dropout rate, the proportion of early school leavers who remain without any specific occupation is still alarming. Therefore, this study intends a shift of focus from system-inherent to individual factors, including mental health and family correlates, to provide a more comprehensive analysis of the dropout phenomenon...
July 13, 2011: BMC Public Health
Julie A Leis, Tamar Mendelson, Deborah F Perry, S Darius Tandon
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this qualitative study was to explore perceptions of mental health services as a barrier to service use among low-income, urban, perinatal African-American clients of home visiting programs. METHODS: Inductive thematic analysis procedures were used to analyze data collected from focus groups conducted with clients (n = 38) and staff (n = 26) of two paraprofessional home visiting programs. FINDINGS: Four complementary themes were identified: Perceptions of mental health care providers, concerns about confidentiality, beliefs about the effectiveness of psychotherapy, and perceptions of psychotropic medication...
July 2011: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
Yasar Ozkan, Mutlu Ozcan, Yasemin Kulak, Ender Kazazoglu, Ayla Arikan
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive data on the oral health status and dental treatment needs of the elderly population in Turkey are deficient. OBJECTIVES: This pilot study determined the general and dental health status, perceived medical and dental treatment needs of an elderly population dwelling in residential homes in Istanbul. METHOD: Subjects at three different residential homes, namely one belonging to the state and two supported by foundations in Istanbul (N=121, female: 63 and male: 58) were involved in this study...
March 2011: Gerodontology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"