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Lifestyle management, preventative, functional medicine

Neda Haji-Ali-Nili, Fariba Khoshzaban, Mehrdad Karimi
BACKGROUND: Dry eye disease is one of the most common public health problems in the field of ophthalmology that causes decreased physical, psychological, social and occupational functioning, and interferes with daily activities like reading, driving, computer work and watching TV. The effect of this disease on quality of life is similar to severe migraine and angina. In addition, the severity of the disease is closely related to depression. Outbreaks are increasing with the use of contact lenses and refractive surgery such as LASIK...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Lorenza Putignani, Federica Del Chierico, Pamela Vernocchi, Michele Cicala, Salvatore Cucchiara, Bruno Dallapiccola
Gastrointestinal disorders, although clinically heterogeneous, share pathogenic mechanisms, including genetic susceptibility, impaired gut barrier function, altered microbiota, and environmental triggers (infections, social and behavioral factors, epigenetic control, and diet). Gut microbiota has been studied for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in either children or adults, while modifiable gut microbiota features, acting as risk and premorbid factors along the childhood-adulthood transition, have not been thoroughly investigated so far...
February 2016: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Christian J Herold, Jonathan S Lewin, Andreas G Wibmer, James H Thrall, Gabriel P Krestin, Adrian K Dixon, Stefan O Schoenberg, Rena J Geckle, Ada Muellner, Hedvig Hricak
During the past decade, with its breakthroughs in systems biology, precision medicine (PM) has emerged as a novel health-care paradigm. Challenging reductionism and broad-based approaches in medicine, PM is an approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle. It involves integrating information from multiple sources in a holistic manner to achieve a definitive diagnosis, focused treatment, and adequate response assessment. Biomedical imaging and imaging-guided interventions, which provide multiparametric morphologic and functional information and enable focused, minimally invasive treatments, are key elements in the infrastructure needed for PM...
April 2016: Radiology
Alfonso M Cueto-Manzano, Héctor R Martínez-Ramírez, Laura Cortés-Sanabria
Negative lifestyle habits (potential risks for chronic kidney disease, CKD) are rarely modified by physicians in a conventional health-care model (CHCM). Multidisciplinary strategies may have better results; however, there is no information on their application in the early stages of CKD. Thus, the aim of this study was to compare a multiple intervention model versus CHCM on lifestyle and renal function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and CKD stage 1-2. In a prospective cohort study, a family medicine unit (FMU) was assigned a multiple intervention model (MIM) and another continued with conventional health-care model (CHCM)...
May 2013: Kidney International Supplements
Deanna M Minich, Jeffrey S Bland
Public health recommendations for lifestyle modification, including diet and physical activity, have been widely disseminated for the prevention and treatment of disease. These guidelines are intended for the overall population without significant consideration for the individual with respect to one's genes and environment. Personalized lifestyle medicine is a newly developed term that refers to an approach to medicine in which an individual's health metrics from point-of-care diagnostics are used to develop lifestyle medicine-oriented therapeutic strategies for improving individual health outcomes in managing chronic disease...
2013: TheScientificWorldJournal
Robert Mendez, Maureen Grissom
The incidence of childhood obesity in the United States is estimated at 17%, or 12 million children ages 2 to 19 years. Obesity is a multifactorial condition with syndromic and nonsyndromic variants. Genetic, social, ethnic, endocrinologic, and behavioral issues are all potential etiologic factors. Preventive efforts should begin with monitoring from birth and include breastfeeding until age 6 months, avoiding juices, and promoting fruit and vegetable consumption and adequate exercise. Childhood obesity is diagnosed based on body mass index; a child is considered overweight at the 85th to 95th percentiles and obese at or above the 95th percentile...
July 2013: FP Essentials
L Trigueros, S Peña, A V Ugidos, E Sayas-Barberá, J A Pérez-Álvarez, E Sendra
Overweight and obesity have a major impact on global health; their prevalence has rapidly increased in all industrialized countries in the past few decades and diabetes and hypertension are their direct consequences. Pharmacotherapy provides reinforcement for obesity treatment, but should be an adjunctive support to diet, exercise, and lifestyle modification. At present, only orlistat and sibutramine have been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for long-term use, but sibutramine was withdrawn for sale by the European Medicines Agency...
2013: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Navin Chandra, Rachel Bastiaenen, Michael Papadakis, Sanjay Sharma
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) in an athlete is a rare yet highly visible tragedy that generates significant media attention and discussion among medical personnel, sports communities, and laypersons alike. The incidence of SCD is greater in athletes compared with their nonathletic counterparts due to the increased risk associated with strenuous exercise in the context of a quiescent cardiac abnormality. Numerous structural, electrical, and acquired cardiovascular abnormalities are capable of causing SCD, many of which can be identified during life and managed by lifestyle modifications, pharmacotherapy, and device therapy...
March 12, 2013: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Masahiro Kuroda, Osamu Tochikubo
ICT technologies for healthcare are useful in myriad locations for people with lifestyle-related illnesses and health irregularities. When symptoms turn into actual illnesses, it is difficult for them to be managed, and this situation is relevant for managing the health of victims after large-scale disasters; it is important to keep people healthy to prevent them from acquiring illness. This paper proposes a system of personalized preventive medicine for individuals to maintain their health and receive evidence-based feedback...
2012: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Hamed Ahmadi, Siamak Daneshmand
UNLABELLED: WHAT'S KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT? AND WHAT DOES THE STUDY ADD?: The benefits of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) are well recognized and a multitude of studies have documented the benefits of ADT in conjunction with other therapies. Given the widespread use of ADT due to its important clinical implications, it is imperative that clinicians understand the side effects to limit treatment-related morbidity. There are numerous well recognized adverse effects of ADT, including vasomotor flushing, loss of libido and impotence, fatigue, gynaecomastia, anaemia, osteoporosis and metabolic complications, as well as effects on cardiovascular health and bone density...
April 2013: BJU International
Sofia Moco, Sebastiano Collino, Serge Rezzi, François-Pierre J Martin
Increasing evidence points toward the critical and long-term involvement of prenatal and early nutrition and lifestyle on later health and disease risk predisposition. Metabolomics is now a well-established top-down systems biology approach that explores the genetic-environment-health paradigm. The generalization of such approaches has opened new research areas to deepen our current understanding of many physiological processes, as well as foods and nutrient functionalities in target populations. It is envisioned that this will provide new avenues toward preventive medicine and prognostic strategies for tailored therapeutic and personalized nutrition management...
April 2013: Pediatric Research
Per A Renström
Over two million anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries occur worldwide annually, and the greater prevalence for ACL injury in young female athletes is one of the major problems in sports medicine. Optimal treatment of ACL injury requires individualised management. Patient selection is of utmost importance, and so is respect for the patient's functional demands and interests. All patients with an ACL tear may not need surgery, however athletes and persons with an active lifestyle with high knee functional demands including cutting motions need and should be offered surgery...
April 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Tricia S Tang, Robin Nwankwo, Yolanda Whiten, Christina Oney
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility and acceptability of training peers to function as lifestyle coaches and to deliver a church-based lifestyle modification program. METHODS: We recruited 6 African-American adults to participate in an 8-hour peer lifestyle coach (PLC) training program followed by a subsequent 2-hour booster session. The PLC training program addressed several key areas, including: (1) developing empowerment-based facilitation, active listening, and behavior change skills; (2) learning self-management strategies (eg, reading food labels, counting calories); (3) practicing session delivery; and (4) interpreting clinical lab results...
July 2012: Diabetes Educator
Sabine Dämon, Manuel Schätzer, Jürgen Höfler, Goran Tomasec, Friedrich Hoppichler
Overwhelming evidence exists supporting the benefit of lifestyle and nutritional interventions to prevent or delay type 2 and gestational diabetes and improve glycemic control and co-morbidities in patients of all sub-types of diabetes mellitus. Therefore, nutritional therapy is an indispensable and fundamental treatment component, which has to be based on evidence-based recommendations, adapted for dietary intake and medication, and periodically adapted according to diagnosis and individual course of illness...
June 2011: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
S E Black
Dementia occurs after stroke in 25% of patients but also can arise from covert cerebrovascular disease (CVD). 'Silent' lacunes occur in 25% of the elderly, often associated with focal or confluent hyperintensities on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging, which are detected in 95% of seniors. These covert infarcts predict future stroke and faster cognitive decline. Best practice guidelines advocate screening for cognitive impairment in all phases of overt stroke, when covert CVD is uncovered, when vascular risk factors are present and if patients present with cognitive complaints...
March 2011: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
(no author information available yet)
The activities of a nurse associated with a family practice were documented and categorized into functional activities to give a role description. Over two years, the mean distribution of her time has spent in well child care (28.6%), pre- and postnatal care (14.7%), health education and counselling (9.6%), liaison (2.6%), student education (23.7%) and practice management (20.8%). Two important conclusions are that her major role is in preventive care and health promotion, complementary to the role of the physician, and that her clientele is the receptive young expanding family and those with impending problems related to health hazards of lifestyles...
April 1981: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Sharon A Vallone, Joyce Miller, Annica Larsdotter, Jennifer Barham-Floreani
BACKGROUND: Chiropractic (Greek: done by hand) is a health care profession concerned with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disorders of the neuromusculoskeletal system and the effects of these disorders on general health. There is an emphasis on manual techniques, including joint adjustment and/or manipulation, with a particular focus on joint subluxation (World Health Organization 2005) or mechanical lesion and restoring function. The chiropractor's role in wellness care, prevention and treatment of injury or illness is based on education in anatomy and physiology, nutrition, exercise and healthy lifestyle counseling as well as referral to other health practitioners...
2010: Chiropractic & Osteopathy
Brent M Egan, Marilyn A Laken, Jennifer L Donovan, Robert F Woolson
The notion that eating chocolate would prevent or treat hypertension is appealing to many who produce and enjoy chocolate. Several studies have documented beneficial effects of dark chocolate on insulin action and endothelial function. However, the published studies on chocolate and blood pressure include a relatively small number of subjects, and results are conflicting. In addition, because of secrecy surrounding the production of chocolate and the unique sociocultural context of this popular food, research on efficacy and effectiveness is complex...
June 2010: Hypertension
Laura MacDonald, Brian C Foster, Humayoun Akhtar
Foods and therapeutic products are both used for well defined purposes. In simple terms food provides energy for sustenance, while therapeutic products are taken for managing ailments (1). However, over the years roles of foods have changed considerably. Now, food no longer is seen as simply the provider of energy, but it is expected to provide physiological benefits for good health and productive lifestyles. Well managed combination of foods and therapeutic products plays important role in the prevention and treatment of many diseases, including a number of chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, hypertension, obesity...
2009: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
Elizabeth Dean
Part I of this two-part introduction to this Special Issue on the practice of physical therapy in the 21st century outlines the epidemiological basis and rationale for evidence-informed physical therapy practice for addressing contemporary health priorities. This evidence emanates from the definition of health by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Classification of Functioning (ICF), and WHO and other international databases on the prevalence of lifestyle conditions. Lifestyle conditions include ischemic heart disease, smoking-related conditions, hypertension and stroke, obesity, diabetes, and cancer...
July 2009: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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