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Eva Jangland, Pia Yngman Uhlin, Erebouni Arakelian
The position of Nurse Practitioner is a new role in Nordic countries. The transition from a registered nurse to the Nurse Practitioner role has been reported to be a personal challenge. This study, guided by the Nordic theoretical model for use in the education of advanced practice nurses, represents a unique opportunity to describe this transition for newly graduated Nurse Practitioners in an interprofessional surgical care team in Sweden. The aim was to explore how the first Nurse Practitioners in surgical care experienced the transition into a new role and what competences they used in the team...
October 15, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
Mohammed Al-Temimi, Michael Kidon, Samir Johna
CONTEXT: Reports evaluating faculty knowledge of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) core competencies in community hospitals without a dedicated residency program are uncommon. OBJECTIVE: Faculty evaluation regarding knowledge of ACGME core competencies before a residency program is started. DESIGN: Physicians at the Kaiser Permanente Fontana Medical Center (N = 480) were surveyed for their knowledge of ACGME core competencies before starting new residency programs...
October 14, 2016: Permanente Journal
Donald J Viglione, Gregory J Meyer, Ana Cristina Resende, Claudia Pignolo
Learning to code the imagery, communication, and behavior associated with Rorschach responding is challenging. Although there is some survey research on graduate students' impressions of their Rorschach training, research has not identified which coding decisions students find to be the most problematic and time-consuming. We surveyed students to identify what they struggled with most when learning coding and to quantify how difficult it is to learn how to code. Participants (n = 191) from the United States, Brazil, Denmark, Israel, and Italy rated 57 aspects of coding using a 4-point scale that encompassed both the time required to code and the subjective difficulty of doing so...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Personality Assessment
Martin de Santibañes, Eduardo de Santibañes, Juan Pekolj
The paradigm introduced by William Halsted for surgical residency training has been considered the most appropriate educational system to acquire the knowledge and surgical skills required to become a competent general surgeon. Hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery is considered an important part of general surgery training because of its high prevalence and complexity. Nowadays, we are faced with a worldwide shortage of general surgeons candidates, restrictive working hours and less surgical exposure, situations that can undermine the objectives of training in HPB surgery during residency...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Cynthia N Fuhrmann
PhD-trained biomedical scientists are moving into an increasingly diverse variety of careers within the sciences. However, our graduate and postdoctoral training programs have historically focused on academic career preparation, and have not sufficiently prepared trainees for transitioning into other scientific careers. Advocates for science have raised the concern that our collective disregard of the broader career development needs for predoctoral and postdoctoral trainees could drive talent away from science in upcoming generations...
October 20, 2016: Human Gene Therapy
(no author information available yet)
What was billed as 'the largest gathering of veterinary orthopaedic experts and practitioners in the world' took place last month in London, when the European Society of Veterinary Orthopaedics and Traumatology held its 18th congress. Organised as a joint meeting with the British Veterinary Orthopaedic Association, the congress programme featured multiple streams of lectures and presentations, as well as specific streams for students and new graduates and veterinary nurses. Suzanne Jarvis reports on some of the proceedings...
October 8, 2016: Veterinary Record
Allison E Curry, Melissa R Pfeiffer, Michael R Elliott
INTRODUCTION: Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) is the most effective strategy to reduce the burden of young driver crashes, but the extent to which young intermediate (newly licensed) drivers comply with, and police enforce, important GDL passenger and night-time restrictions is largely unknown. Population-level rates of intermediate drivers' compliance were estimated as well as police enforcement among crash-involved drivers who were noncompliant. METHODS: New Jersey's statewide driver licensing and crash databases were individually linked...
October 5, 2016: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Anahita Dua, Steven Koprowski, Gilbert Upchurch, Cheong J Lee, Sapan S Desai
BACKGROUND: In 2014, we published a series of articles in the Journal of Vascular Surgery that detailed the decrease in volume of open aneurysm repair (OAR) completed for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) by vascular surgery trainees. At that time, only data points from 2000 through 2011 were available, and reliable predictions could only be made through 2015. Lack of data on endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using fenestrated (FEVAR) and branched (BrEVAR) endografts also affected our findings...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Laurence Greene, Kathleen Moreo, Henry Nasrallah, Rajiv Tandon, Tamar Sapir
OBJECTIVE: In the context of an educational program on schizophrenia for psychiatry trainees, this survey study analyzed associations between self-reported training adequacy, experience in providing patient care, and comfort level in performing schizophrenia-related clinical skills. The influence of the education on comfort level was also assessed for each skill. METHODS: Survey respondents were psychiatry residents and fellows who participated in a schizophrenia education program at an in-person workshop or through online videos recorded at the workshop...
October 14, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
Anna Ehrenberg, Petter Gustavsson, Lars Wallin, Anne-Marie Boström, Ann Rudman
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to describe the developmental trajectories of registered nurses' capability beliefs during their first 3 years of practice. The focus was on three core competencies for health professionals-patient-centered care, teamwork, and evidence-based practice. METHODS: A national cohort of registered nurses (n = 1,205) was recruited during their nursing education and subsequently surveyed yearly during the first 3 years of working life. The survey included 16 items on capability beliefs divided into three subscales for the assessment of patient-centered care, teamwork, and evidence-based practice, and the data were analyzed with linear latent growth modeling...
October 14, 2016: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
Nancy L Falk
Health communications and baccalaureate nursing education are increasingly impacted by new technological tools. This article describes how an Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing program incorporates an infographic assignment into a graduate-level online health information and technology course. Students create colorful, engaging infographics using words and visuals to communicate public health information. The assignment, which incorporates the use of data and evidence, provides students the opportunity to acquire new research and technology skills while gaining confidence creating and innovating...
September 2016: Nursing Education Perspectives
Behdin Nowrouzi, Emilia Giddens, Basem Gohar, Sandrine Schoenenberger, Mary Christine Bautista, Jennifer Casole
BACKGROUND: Workplace environment is related to the physical and psychological well-being, and quality of work life (QWL) for nurses. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to perform a comprehensive literature review on nurses' quality of work life to identify a comprehensive set of QWL predictors for nurses employed in the United States and Canada. METHODS: Using publications from 2004-2014, contributing factors to American and Canadian nurses' QWL were analyzed...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Anthony Tuckett, John L Oliffe
The aim of this research is to describe the experiences of Australian and New Zealand nursing and midwifery students looking for employment after graduation. This qualitative study draws from 2008, 2009 and 2010 responses provided by 197 recently graduated Australian and New Zealand nurses and midwives to, Describe your experiences gaining employment as a nurse or midwife after graduation. Two themes were inductively derived, Taking what you can get and I had a job lined up. Within the taking what you can get theme, respondents efforts to gain employment as a nurse or midwife after graduation were challenged by limited choices round the type of clinical practice available and/or job insecurity...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Luz A Padilla, Renee A Desmond, C Michael Brooks, John W Waterbor
A key outcome measure of cancer research training programs is the number of cancer-related peer-reviewed publications after training. Because program graduates do not routinely report their publications, staff must periodically conduct electronic literature searches on each graduate. The purpose of this study is to compare findings of an innovative computer-based automated search program versus repeated manual literature searches to identify post-training peer-reviewed publications. In late 2014, manual searches for publications by former R25 students identified 232 cancer-related articles published by 112 of 543 program graduates...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Silvia Calviño Günther, Carole Schwebel, Rebecca Hamidfar-Roy, Agnès Bonadona, Maxime Lugosi, Claire Ara-Somohano, Clémence Minet, Leïla Potton, Jean-Charles Cartier, Aurelien Vésin, Magalie Chautemps, Lenka Styfalova, Stephane Ruckly, Jean-François Timsit
PURPOSE: To describe all post-insertion complications involving most used intravascular access, and to determine whether the use of a new-generation transparent dressing (3M™ IV Advanced) might reduce their number and impact on ICU patient outcomes. METHODS: Patients older than 18, with an expected length of stay ≥48 h and requiring at least one central venous catheter (CVC), arterial catheter (AC), haemodialysis catheter (HDC), pulmonary arterial catheters (PAC) or peripheral venous catheter (PVC) were randomized into two groups: a new-generation transparent dressing, or the hospital's classical transparent dressing, and were followed daily for any infectious and non-infectious complications...
October 12, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Carlo Maria Rosati, Nakul P Valsangkar, Mario Gaudino, David Blitzer, Panos N Vardas, Leonard N Girardi, Mark W Turrentine, John W Brown, Leonidas G Koniaris
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the impact of taking dedicated time for research (DTR) during training and/or getting a PhD on subsequent career achievements of US academic cardiothoracic surgeons. METHODS: Online resources (institutional Web sites, CTSNet, Scopus, NIH RePORTER) were queried to collect training information (timing of medical school/residency/fellowship graduation, DTR, PhD) and academic metrics (publications, citations, research funding) for 694 academic cardiothoracic surgeons practicing at 56 premiere US institutions...
October 12, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Geralyn Meyer, Bobbi Shatto, Timothy Delicath, Shelley von der Lancken
The effect of educational interventions on the transition experiences of new graduates of prelicensure programs is unclear. This study investigated the effect of curriculum revision on transition to practice of nursing graduates. The nursing curriculum can have a positive influence on professional and job satisfaction at 3 months postgraduation, but the practice environment becomes the dominant force after that. Graduates who demonstrated poorer transition to practice at 3 months were more likely to leave their first positions by 12 months...
October 5, 2016: Nurse Educator
A S Kalsi, N J Lewis, K W Hemmings
A recent national survey has shown the need for clarification regarding the various disciplines encompassed by restorative dentistry and their respective training pathways. This document aims to address this by outlining the remit of restorative dentistry, in addition to the various job roles involved. This information is being disseminated by the British Society for Restorative Dentistry, and given the relevance to referrers and those looking for insight into the speciality, it has been reproduced here. Roles within the speciality range from dentists with special interests to specialists and consultants, whether primarily academic or clinical...
October 7, 2016: British Dental Journal
Robert G Bing-You, Kalli Varaklis
BACKGROUND: A new organizational model of educational administrative support was instituted in the Department of Medical Education (DME) to better meet increasing national accreditation demands. Residency and fellowship programs were organized into four 'Communities of Practice' (CoOPs) based on discipline similarity, number of learners, and geographic location. Program coordinator reporting lines were shifted from individual departments to a centralized reporting structure within the DME...
2016: Medical Education Online
Kuan-Ling Chen, Yun-Fang Tsai, Jung-Hua Shao, Yea-Ing Shyu
BACKGROUND: The hospital-based scholarship is a relatively recent incentive used by hospitals to recruit new nursing graduates. Few studies have explored the impact of these scholarship programs on hospital recruitment. PURPOSE: To explore the perspectives and expectations of new nursing graduates on the application of a hospital-based scholarship for nursing students. METHODS: This study used a qualitative research approach. Purposive sampling was used to recruit 20 new nursing graduates from one university in northern Taiwan in 2013...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
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