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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633155/regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine-us-anesthesiology-resident-training-the-year-2015
#1
Joseph M Neal, Anne Gravel Sullivan, Richard W Rosenquist, Dan J Kopacz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Anesthesiology Review Committee of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education sets core requirements for residency program accreditation. We periodically report and analyze the US anesthesiology residents' training experience in regional anesthesia and pain medicine. METHODS: Resident caseload, procedure, and pain medicine evaluation data were aggregated for the resident cohort who graduated in 2015. These data were analyzed for present-day experience and compared with previous reports from years 1980, 1990, and 2000 graduates...
July 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629581/impact-of-a-teamstepps-trauma-nurse-academy-at-a-level-1-trauma-center
#2
V Kristen Peters, Ellen M Harvey, Andi Wright, Jennifer Bath, Dan Freeman, Bryan Collier
PROBLEM: Nurses are crucial members of the team caring for the acutely injured trauma patient. Until recently, nurses and physicians gained an understanding of leadership and supportive roles separately. With the advent of a multidisciplinary team approach to trauma care, formal team training and simulation has transpired. METHODS: Since 2007, our Level I trauma system has integrated TeamSTEPPS (Team Strategies & Tools to Enhance Performance & Patient Safety; Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD) into our clinical care, joint training of nurses and physicians, using simulations with participation of all health care providers...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628720/cost-effective-teaching-of-radiology-with-preclinical-anatomy
#3
James S Wilson, Jacqueline Alvarez, Bonnie C Davis, Andre J Duerinckx
Graduating physicians in all subspecialties have an increased need for competency in radiology, particularly since the use of diagnostic imaging continues to grow. To integrate the teaching of radiology with anatomy during the first year of medical school at Howard University, a novel approach was developed to overcome the limitations of resources including funding, faculty, and curricular time. The resulting program relies on self-study and peer-to-peer interactions to develop proficiency at manipulating free versions of medical image viewer software (using the DICOM standard), identifying normal anatomy in medical images, and applying critical thinking skills to understand common clinical conditions...
June 19, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628368/dietitians-perspectives-on-teaching-nutrition-to-medical-students
#4
Emily Burch, Jennifer Crowley, Celia Laur, Sumantra Ray, Lauren Ball
OBJECTIVES: The provision of nutrition care by health professionals can facilitate improved patient nutrition behaviors. Some education institutions include nutrition in their medical curriculum; however, doctors and medical students continue to lack competence in providing nutrition care. Dietitians are increasingly teaching nutrition to medical students, yet evidence on the topic remains anecdotal. It is important to understand the experiences of these dietitians to support improvements in undergraduate medical nutrition education...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627039/consensus-building-on-developing-dysphagia-competence-a-north-west-of-england-perspective
#5
Susan Guthrie, John Lancaster, Jois Stansfield
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia has been an increasing area of practice for speech and language therapists (SLTs) for over 20 years, and throughout that period there has been debate about how practical skills in dysphagia can best be developed. The implementation of the new Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists (RCSLT) framework was considered from a regional perspective seeking to establish consensus across different speech and language therapy settings. AIM: To explore practical solutions to the development of dysphagia competency in new graduates whilst acknowledging the wide variation in staffing and clinical dysphagia experience across the geographical and clinical landscape in the North West of England...
June 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620505/world-medical-schools-the-sum-also-rises
#6
Perry G Rigby, Ramnarayan P Gururaja
OBJECTIVE: There is a worldwide shortage of doctors, which is true in most countries and on most continents. To enumerate the number of medical schools in the world at two different times, showing the trends and relating this to population is a beginning. The number is actually going up and has done so for some time; this has increased the supply of physicians and broadened healthcare delivery. DESIGN: The number to count for geographic and regional information about the medical schools relates directly to the supply of doctors...
June 2017: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618248/effect-of-attitudes-towards-patients-on-sexual-history-taking-a-survey-of-iranian-american-physicians-in-california-usa
#7
Mitra Rashidian, Victor Minichiello, Synnove F Knutsen, Mark Ghamsary
Background: Although obtaining sexual history from patients is essential, the attitudes of physicians can become a barrier to sexual health care. Iranian-American physicians may face particular challenges because talking about sexuality is considered a taboo within their culture. Our study examined these physicians' attitudes when taking a sexual history from their patients. Methods: In 2013, a self-administrated questionnaire was sent to 1550 Iranian-American physicians in California, USA. Using factor analysis, the principal components approach with a Varimax rotation was used on a set of 12-item questions (five-point Likert scales) to detect latent factors that explain attitudes affecting sexual history taking...
June 16, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617787/rising-levels-of-new-zealand-medical-student-debt
#8
Antonia Verstappen, Phillippa Poole
AIM: There is little recent data on the debt levels accrued by New Zealand medical graduates. We aimed to quantify the level of student loan debt accrued by medical graduates upon completion of their medical degree, and to investigate the association of New Zealand Government Student Loan (GSL) debt with gender and age. METHODS: At graduation each year from 2006-2015, students from one New Zealand medical programme were invited to complete a career intention survey that included information on levels of GSL debt and the number of income sources used...
June 16, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617125/-emergency-nursing-is-the-best-job-you-ll-ever-have
#9
Layla Haidrani
What is your job? I am a clinical development specialist at Hasbro Children's Hospital, the paediatric division of Rhode Island Hospital in Providence, US. I educate and mentor new graduate nurses from the paediatric emergency department (ED) and inpatient areas.
June 15, 2017: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616689/the-reality-of-scientific-research-in-latin-america-an-insider-s-perspective
#10
Daniel R Ciocca, Gabriela Delgado
There is tremendous disparity in scientific productivity among nations, particularly so in Latin America. At first sight, this could be linked to the relative economic health of the different countries of the region, but even large and relatively rich Latin American countries do not produce a good level of science. Although Latin America has increased the number of its scientists and research institutions in recent years, the gap between developed countries and Latin American countries is startling. The prime importance of science and technology to the development of a nation remains unacknowledged...
June 14, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611974/internal-medicine-residency-program-in-guyana-a-collaborative-model-for-sustainable-graduate-medical-education-in-resource-limited-settings
#11
Dev Persaud, Joanna Cole, Ramdeo Jainarine, Zahira Khalid
The Georgetown Public Hospital Corporation (GPHC) started the Internal Medicine/Infectious Diseases residency program in 2013. It was a collaborative initiative between GPHC and University of Maryland. Since that time the program has gone through many trials and developed new partnerships and collaboration and emerged as a young successful program with close international links that have worked and persevered in developing the successful academic and professional careers of its residents. International collaborations have resulted in applying innovative methods of teaching to deliver the curriculum in a sustainable manner in a resource-limited setting...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608511/a-global-community-effort-to-decipher-the-unique-biology-of-annual-killifish
#12
REVIEW
Nibia Berois, Graciela Garcia, Rafael Omar de Sá
Over the last 50 years, annual killifishes arose as alternative model organisms for studies of vertebrate biology. The annual fish offers exceptional advantages for studies of genetics, genomics, developmental biology, population dynamics, ecology, biogeography, and evolution. They inhabit extremely variable freshwater environments in Africa and South America, have a short lifespan and a set of unique and fascinating developmental characteristics. Embryos survive within the dry substrate during the dry season, whereas the adult population dies...
June 12, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603435/an-active-learning-curriculum-improves-fellows-knowledge-and-faculty-teaching-skills
#13
Jennifer A Inra, Stephen Pelletier, Navin L Kumar, Edward L Barnes, Helen M Shields
OBJECTIVES: Traditional didactic lectures are the mainstay of teaching for graduate medical education, although this method may not be the most effective way to transmit information. We created an active learning curriculum for Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) gastroenterology fellows to maximize learning. We evaluated whether this new curriculum improved perceived knowledge acquisition and knowledge base. In addition, our study assessed whether coaching faculty members in specific methods to enhance active learning improved their perceived teaching and presentation skills...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595063/motivations-for-volunteers-in-food-rescue-nutrition
#14
T Y Mousa, J H Freeland-Graves
OBJECTIVE: A variety of organizations redistribute surplus food to low-income populations through food rescue nutrition. Why volunteers participate in these charitable organizations is unclear. The aim of this study is to document the participation and motivations of volunteers who are involved specifically in food rescue nutrition. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted in two phases. METHODS: In phase 1, a new instrument, Motivations to Volunteer Scale, was developed and validated in 40 participants (aged ≥18 years)...
June 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589328/results-from-the-field-development-and-evaluation-of-a-psychiatry-residency-training-rotation-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapies
#15
Barbara W Kamholz, Amy E Lawrence, Gabrielle I Liverant, Shimrit K Black, Justin M Hill
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this project was to develop and evaluate a new residency training rotation focused on cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBT) and to assess outcomes across multiple domains. METHODS: Data are presented from 30 psychiatry residents. Primary learning-related outcomes included content knowledge, self-efficacy, and attitudes and behavioral intentions towards evidence-based psychotherapies (e.g., CBT). RESULTS: Residents reported significant increases in CBT knowledge, CBT-specific self-efficacy, overall psychotherapy self-efficacy, belief in patient benefit from CBT, and behavioral intention to use CBT...
June 6, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584930/the-reality-of-scientific-research-in-latin-america-an-insider-s-perspective
#16
Daniel R Ciocca, Gabriela Delgado
There is tremendous disparity in scientific productivity among nations, particularly in Latin America. At first sight, this could be linked to the relative economic health of the different countries of the region, but even large and relatively rich Latin American countries do not produce a good level of science. Although Latin America has increased the number of its scientists and research institutions in recent years, the gap between developed countries and Latin American countries is startling. The prime importance of science and technology to the development of a nation remains unacknowledged...
June 5, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584600/perception-of-preparedness-for-clinical-work-among-new-residents-a-cross-sectional-study-from-oman
#17
Hamed Al Sinawi, Mohammed Al Alawi, Ali Al Qubtan, Jaber Al Lawati, Assad Al Habsi, Sachin Jose
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate new residents' perceptions of their own preparedness for clinical practice and examine the associated factors. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted on August 20-23, 2016. New residents accepted for postgraduate training by Oman Medical Specialty Board were asked to complete the Preparation for Hospital Practice Questionnaire (PHPQ). Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 22. RESULTS: A total of 160 residents were invited to participate in this study...
May 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583019/promoting-the-legitimacy-and-agency-of-new-graduate-nurses-participation-in-nursing-research
#18
Mary Ann Matikainen
AIM: This paper explores the legitimacy and agency of new graduate mental health nurses to participate in research activities as a regular part of their professional nursing role. BACKGROUND: There is a wealth of literature describing personal and organisational factors that act as barriers to nurses' engagement in research and overcoming these barriers remains a challenge for health organisations. Some new graduate nurses are well positioned to contribute to research and yet the literature has given little attention to this specific cohort...
June 21, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578670/-location-is-surprisingly-a-lot-more-important-than-you-think-a-critical-thematic-analysis-of-push-and-pull-factor-messaging-used-on-caribbean-offshore-medical-school-websites
#19
Jeffrey Morgan, Valorie A Crooks, Carla Jackie Sampson, Jeremy Snyder
BACKGROUND: Offshore medical schools are for-profit, private enterprises located in the Caribbean that provide undergraduate medical education to students who must leave the region for postgraduate training and also typically to practice. This growing industry attracts many medical students from the US and Canada who wish to return home to practice medicine. After graduation, international medical graduates can encounter challenges obtaining residency placements and can face other barriers related to practice...
June 2, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577810/findings-from-the-inane-survey-on-student-papers-submitted-to-nursing-journals
#20
Maureen Shawn Kennedy, Jamesetta A Newland, Jacqueline K Owens
Nursing students are often encouraged or required to submit scholarly work for consideration for publication but most manuscripts or course assignment papers do not meet journal standards and consume valuable resources from editors and peer reviewers. The International Academy of Nursing Editors (INANE) is a group of nurse editors and publishers dedicated to promoting best practices in publishing in the nursing literature. In August 2014, editors at INANE's annual meeting voiced frustrations over multiple queries, poorly written student papers, and lack of proper behavior in following through...
May 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
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