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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096901/exploring-musculoskeletal-injuries-in-the-podiatry-profession-an-international-cross-sectional-study
#1
Cylie M Williams, Stefania Penkala, Peter Smith, Terry Haines, Kelly-Ann Bowles
BACKGROUND: Workplace injury is an international costly burden. Health care workers are an essential component to managing musculoskeletal disorders, however in doing this, they may increase their own susceptibility. While there is substantial evidence about work-related musculoskeletal disorders across the health workforce, understanding risk factors in specific occupational groups, such as podiatry, is limited. The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and intensity of work related low back pain in podiatrists...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095034/self-reported-driving-under-the-influence-of-alcohol-and-cannabis-among-ontario-students-associations-with-graduated-licensing-risk-taking-and-substance-abuse
#2
Steven Cook, Danielle Shank, Tara Bruno, Nigel E Turner, Robert E Mann
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the patterns of self-reported driving under the influence of alcohol (DUIA) and driving under the influence of cannabis (DUIC) among licenced Ontario students in 2009, and examines their associations with graduated licencing, risk taking, and substance use problems for understanding DUIA and DUIC behaviours. Ontario's graduated licencing system requires new drivers to hold a G1 license for a minimum of 8 months, and a G2 licence for a minimum of 12 months before a full and unrestricted G license can be obtained...
January 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092978/variability-in-foot-and-ankle-case-volume-in-orthopaedic-residency-training
#3
Steven F DeFroda, Joseph A Gil, Brad D Blankenhorn, Alan H Daniels
: Surgical case volume during orthopaedic surgical residency is a concern among trainees and program directors alike. With an ongoing trend toward further subspecialization and the rapid development of new techniques and devices, the breadth of procedures that residents are exposed to continues to increase. Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education surgical case logs from 2009 to 2013 for graduating orthopaedic surgery residents were examined to assess the national averages of orthopaedic procedures logged by graduating orthopaedic surgery residents in the leg/ankle and foot/toes categories...
January 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090107/developing-a-framework-for-objective-structured-clinical-examinations-using-the-nominal-group-technique
#4
Safeera Y Hussainy, Matthew F Crum, Paul J White, Ian Larson, Daniel T Malone, David T Manallack, Joseph A Nicolazzo, Jennifer McDowell, Angelina S Lim, Carl M Kirkpatrick
Objective. To use the nominal group technique to develop a framework to improve existing and develop new objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) within a four-year bachelor of pharmacy course. Design. Using the nominal group technique, a unique method of group interview that combines qualitative and quantitative data collection, focus groups were conducted with faculty members, practicing pharmacists, and undergraduate pharmacy students. Five draft OSCEs frameworks were suggested and participants were asked to generate new framework ideas...
November 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078096/preceptor-characteristics-and-the-socialization-outcomes-of-new-graduate-nurses-during-a-preceptorship-programme
#5
Michelle Lalonde, Linda McGillis Hall
AIM: The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between preceptor characteristics (emotional intelligence, personality and cognitive intelligence) and new graduate nurse socialization outcomes regarding turnover intent, job satisfaction, role conflict and ambiguity during a preceptorship programme. To date, no studies have explored these relationships. DESIGN: A cross-sectional and multi-site design with purposeful sampling. METHODS: Dyads of preceptors and new nurses were recruited at the end of their preceptorship programme...
January 2017: Nursing Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077927/utility-of-self-competency-ratings-during-residency-training-in-family-medicine-education-emerging-countries-findings-from-japan
#6
Michael D Fetters, Satoko Motohara, Lauren Ivey, Keiichiro Narumoto, Kiyoshi Sano, Masahiko Terada, Tsukasa Tsuda, Machiko Inoue
BACKGROUND: Family medicine education-emerging countries face challenges in demonstrating a new program's ability to train residents in womb-to-tomb care and resident ability to provide such care competently. We illustrate the experience of a new Japanese family medicine program with resident self-competency assessments. METHODS: In this longitudinal cross-sectional study, residents completed self-competency assessment surveys online during 2011-2015. Each year of training, residents self-ranked their competence using a 100-point visual analog scale for 142 conditions: acute (30 conditions), chronic (28 conditions) women's health (eight conditions), and geriatrics/home (12 conditions) care; procedures (38 types); health promotion (21 conditions)...
2017: Asia Pacific Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077073/student-midwives-perceptions-on-the-organisation-of-maternity-care-and-alternative-maternity-care-models-in-the-netherlands-a-qualitative-study
#7
J Catja Warmelink, T Paul de Cock, Yvonne Combee, Marloes Rongen, Therese A Wiegers, Eileen K Hutton
BACKGROUND: A major change in the organisation of maternity care in the Netherlands is under consideration, going from an echelon system where midwives provide primary care in the community and refer to obstetricians for secondary and tertiary care, to a more integrated maternity care system involving midwives and obstetricians at all care levels. Student midwives are the future maternity care providers and they may be entering into a changing maternity care system, so inclusion of their views in the discussion is relevant...
January 11, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075695/lessons-from-launching-the-diabetes-prevention-program-in-a-large-integrated-health-care-delivery-system-a-case-study
#8
Colin D Rehm, Melinda E Marquez, Elizabeth Spurrell-Huss, Nicole Hollingsworth, Amanda S Parsons
There is urgent need for health systems to prevent diabetes. To date, few health systems have implemented the evidence-based Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), and the few that have mostly partnered with community-based organizations to implement the program. Given the recent decision by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services to reimburse for diabetes prevention, there is likely much interest in how such programs can be implemented within large health systems or how community partnerships can be expanded to support DPP implementation...
January 11, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064514/statistics-myth-busters
#9
Simon W Lam, Seth R Bauer, Wei Yang, Todd A Miano
Proficiency in research design and statistical analysis is crucial to the success of a clinical pharmacist. However, new pharmacy graduates and residents may not have received adequate training and education in these areas. During the authors' tenure as clinical pharmacists, several statistical "myths" were consistently maintained by residents and new clinical practitioners. The purpose of this narrative review is to discuss and dispel several of these statistical fallacies. The myths discussed involve 3 common areas of consideration when evaluating any clinical study: assessing the risk of bias from confounding (propensity score analysis and multivariable modeling), interpretation of the main study findings ( P values and hypothesis testing), and secondary evaluations (subgroup analyses)...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062813/the-transition-of-primary-care-group-practices-to-next-generation-models-satisfaction-of-staff-clinicians-and-patients
#10
Therese Zink, John Kralewski, Bryan Dowd
INTRODUCTION: Restructuring primary care is essential to achieve the triple aim. This case study examines the human factors of extensive redesign on 2 midsized primary care clinics (clinics A and B) in the Midwest United States that are owned by a large health care system. The transition occurred when while the principles for patient-centered medical home were being rolled out nationally, and before the Affordable Care Act. METHODS: After the transition, interviews and discussions were conducted with 5 stakeholder groups: health system leaders, clinic managers, clinicians, nurses, and reception staff...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059996/interventions-used-by-nurse-preceptors-to-develop-critical-thinking-of-new-graduate-nurses-a-systematic-review
#11
Sue Schuelke, Susan Barnason
Healthcare complexity and patient acuity necessitate competent nurses with critical thinking abilities. However, these skill sets are less developed among newly hired graduate nurses. The overall purpose of this systematic review was to examine interventions/strategies implemented by preceptors in healthcare organizations to promote critical thinking of new graduate nurses. A systematic search of the literature resulted in 602 citations, with nine studies meeting the inclusion criteria. Educational interventions were varied and will be described in this article...
January 2017: Journal for Nurses in Professional Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056962/an-investigation-of-professionalism-reflected-by-student-comments-on-formative-virtual-patient-encounters
#12
Ting Dong, William Kelly, Meredith Hays, Norman B Berman, Steven J Durning
BACKGROUND: This study explored the use of virtual patient generated data by investigating the association between students' unprofessional patient summary statements, which they entered during an on-line virtual patient case, and detection of their future unprofessional behavior. METHOD: At the USUHS, students complete a number of virtual patient encounters, including a patient summary, to meet the clerkship requirements of Internal Medicine, Family Medicine, and Pediatrics...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048677/mo-fg-206-02-implementation-and-analysis-of-observer-studies-in-medical-physics
#13
W Sensakovic
: Physicists are often expected to have a solid grounding in experimental design and statistical analysis, sometimes filling in when biostatisticians or other experts are not available for consultation. Unfortunately, graduate education on these topics is seldom emphasized and few opportunities for continuing education exist. Clinical physicists incorporate new technology and methods into their practice based on published literature. A poor understanding of experimental design and analysis could result in inappropriate use of new techniques...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048582/th-ab-brb-03-4n-radiotherapy
#14
K Sheng
: Current state-of-the art digital C-arm medical linear accelerators are capable of delivering radiation treatments with high level of automation, which affords coordinated motions of gantry, couch, and multileaf collimator (MLC) with dose rate modulations. The new machine capacity has shown the potential to bring substantially improved radiation dosimetry and/or delivery efficiency to many challenging diseases. Combining an integrated beam orientation optimization algorithm with automated machine navigation, markedly improved dose conformity has been achieved using 4ρ therapy...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048456/su-a-bra-04-incorporating-active-learning-into-medical-physics-education
#15
J Burmeister
: Vic Montemayor - No one has been more passionate about improving the quality and effectiveness of the teaching of Medical Physics than Bill Hendee. It was in August of 2008 that the first AAPM Workshop on Becoming a Better Teacher of Medical Physics was held, organized and run by Bill Hendee. This was followed up in July of 2010 with a summer school on the same topic, again organized by Bill. There has been continued interest in alternate approaches to teaching medical physics since those initial gatherings...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048131/mo-fg-206-00-practical-statistics-for-medical-physicists
#16
William Sensakovic
: Physicists are often expected to have a solid grounding in experimental design and statistical analysis, sometimes filling in when biostatisticians or other experts are not available for consultation. Unfortunately, graduate education on these topics is seldom emphasized and few opportunities for continuing education exist. Clinical physicists incorporate new technology and methods into their practice based on published literature. A poor understanding of experimental design and analysis could result in inappropriate use of new techniques...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048016/mo-fg-206-03-analysis-of-dependent-variables-correlation-and-simple-regression
#17
Z Labby
: Physicists are often expected to have a solid grounding in experimental design and statistical analysis, sometimes filling in when biostatisticians or other experts are not available for consultation. Unfortunately, graduate education on these topics is seldom emphasized and few opportunities for continuing education exist. Clinical physicists incorporate new technology and methods into their practice based on published literature. A poor understanding of experimental design and analysis could result in inappropriate use of new techniques...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047855/th-ab-brb-00-research-opportunities-with-digital-linear-accelerators
#18
Ke Sheng
: Current state-of-the art digital C-arm medical linear accelerators are capable of delivering radiation treatments with high level of automation, which affords coordinated motions of gantry, couch, and multileaf collimator (MLC) with dose rate modulations. The new machine capacity has shown the potential to bring substantially improved radiation dosimetry and/or delivery efficiency to many challenging diseases. Combining an integrated beam orientation optimization algorithm with automated machine navigation, markedly improved dose conformity has been achieved using 4ρ therapy...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047815/su-c-209-05-monte-carlo-model-of-a-prototype-backscatter-x-ray-bsx-imager-for-projective-and-selective-object-plane-imaging
#19
L Rolison, S Samant, J Baciak, K Jordan
PURPOSE: To develop a Monte Carlo N-Particle (MCNP) model for the validation of a prototype backscatter x-ray (BSX) imager, and optimization of BSX technology for medical applications, including selective object-plane imaging. METHODS: BSX is an emerging technology that represents an alternative to conventional computed tomography (CT) and projective digital radiography (DR). It employs detectors located on the same side as the incident x-ray source, making use of backscatter and avoiding ring geometry to enclose the imaging object...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047802/su-a-bra-05-panel-discussion
#20
V Montemayor
: Vic Montemayor - No one has been more passionate about improving the quality and effectiveness of the teaching of Medical Physics than Bill Hendee. It was in August of 2008 that the first AAPM Workshop on Becoming a Better Teacher of Medical Physics was held, organized and run by Bill Hendee. This was followed up in July of 2010 with a summer school on the same topic, again organized by Bill. There has been continued interest in alternate approaches to teaching medical physics since those initial gatherings...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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