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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342441/building-a-community-of-practice-in-rural-medical-education-growing-our-own-together
#1
Randall L Longenecker, David Schmitz
CONTEXT: This article chronicles the rise, decline, and recent resurgence of rural training track residency programs (RTTs) in the USA over the past 30 years and the emergence of a healthy community of practice in rural medical education. This has occurred during a time in the USA when federal and state funding of graduate medical education has been relatively stagnant and the rules around finance and accreditation of rural programs have been challenging. ISSUE: Many of the early family residency programs developed in the 1970s included a curricular focus on rural practice...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336211/the-state-of-midwifery-in-small-island-pacific-nations
#2
Caroline S E Homer, Sabera Turkmani, Michele Rumsey
BACKGROUND: Strengthening midwifery is a global priority. Recently, global evidence has provided momentum toward developing the midwifery workforce. In 2014, the State of the World's Midwifery 2014 Report explored midwifery services in 73 low to middle income countries. In the South Pacific region, only Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands were included. This means that there is little known on the state of midwifery in the small island countries in the South Pacific. AIM: To explore the current situation of the education, regulation and association of midwives in 12 small island nations of the South Pacific and determine the gaps in these areas...
March 20, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334994/rural-retention-of-new-medical-graduates-from-the-collaborative-project-to-increase-production-of-rural-doctors-cpird-a-12-year-retrospective-study
#3
Win Techakehakij, Rajin Arora
Physician scarcity in rural areas is a major obstacle to healthcare access, leading to health inequity worldwide. In Thailand, a special recruitment program of medical education [Collaborative Project to Increase Production of Rural Doctors (CPIRD)] was initiated with four different medical training tracks. No previous research has examined the rural retention of new medical graduates across the CPIRD tracks, compared with those receiving conventional medical education (Normal track). This study examines the public retention of rural physicians from different tracks of entry...
March 16, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332948/self-efficacy-as-a-mediator-in-bottom-up-dissemination-of-a-research-supported-intervention-for-young-traumatized-children-and-their-families
#4
Paula David, Miriam Schiff
Implementation literature has under-reported bottom-up dissemination attempts of research-supported interventions (RSI). This study examined factors associated with individual clinicians' implementation of Child-Parent Psychotherapy (CPP), including CPP social network (SN), supervision, and self-efficacy. Seventy-seven (90%) CPP graduates completed a cross-sectional survey, including measures regarding social network, receiving supervision, and CPP self-efficacy. Self-efficacy was significantly associated with CPP implementation; CPP SN and supervision were not...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330400/academic-responses-to-fukushima-disaster
#5
Kiyotaka Yasui, Yuko Kimura, Kenji Kamiya, Rie Miyatani, Naohiro Tsuyama, Akira Sakai, Koji Yoshida, Shunichi Yamashita, Rethy Chhem, May Abdel-Wahab, Akira Ohtsuru
Since radiation accidents, particularly nuclear disasters, are rarer than other types of disasters, a comprehensive radiation disaster medical curriculum for them is currently unavailable. The Fukushima compound disaster has urged the establishment of a new medical curriculum in preparation for any future complex disaster. The medical education will aim to aid decision making on various health risks for workers, vulnerable people, and residents addressing each phase in the disaster. Herein, we introduce 3 novel educational programs that have been initiated to provide students, professionals, and leaders with the knowledge of and skills to elude the social consequences of complex nuclear disasters...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326919/an-introduction-to-the-origins-history-and-principles-of-ethnography
#6
Gemma Sinead Ryan
Background Ethnography is embedded in the history of research and has been considered a methodology in its own right. Its long history means those new to ethnography may find it complex to navigate the differing perspectives and its historical context. Philosophical perspectives further compound the complexities of understanding and making decisions about method. Aim To introduce the historical context of ethnography and its wide-ranging and differing perspectives. Discussion This paper provides an overview of the historical context of ethnography and discusses the different approaches to ethnography based on philosophical paradigms...
March 22, 2017: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323445/neuropsychology-in-south-africa
#7
Sharon Truter, Menachem Mazabow, Alejandra Morlett Paredes, Diego Rivera, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
This survey forms part of an international research study conducted in 39 countries and is the first to describe the characteristics of individuals engaged in the practice of neuropsychology in South Africa (SA). The purpose was to analyze the characteristics of individuals working in the profession of neuropsychology in order to understand their background, professional training, current work situation, assessment and diagnostic procedures, rehabilitation techniques, teaching responsibilities, and research activities...
March 21, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320257/academic-stress-disrupts-cortical-plasticity-in-graduate-students
#8
Carmen Concerto, Dhaval Patel, Carmenrita Infortuna, Eileen Chusid, Maria R Muscatello, Antonio Bruno, Rocco Zoccali, Eugenio Aguglia, Fortunato Battaglia
Medical education is a time of high stress and anxiety for many graduate students in medical professions. In this study, we sought to investigate the effect of academic stress on cortical excitability and plasticity by using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). We tested two groups (n = 13 each) of healthy graduate medical students (mean age 33.7 ± 3.8 SE). One group was tested during a final exam week (High-stress group) while the other group was tested after a break, during a week without exams (Low-stress group)...
March 20, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302153/students-as-effective-harm-reductionists-and-needle-exchange-organizers
#9
EDITORIAL
Kyle Barbour, Miriam McQuade, Brandon Brown
BACKGROUND: Needle exchange programs are safe, highly effective programs for promoting health among people who inject drugs. However, they remain poorly funded, and often illegal, in many places worldwide due to fear and stigma surrounding drug use. Continued advocacy, education, and implementation of new needle exchanges are thus essential to improve public health and reduce structural inequality. COMMENTARY: We argue that students, and especially professional and graduate students, have the potential to play an important role in advancing harm reduction...
March 17, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299243/analysis-of-free-legal-counselling-for-the-great-east-japan-earthquake-and-the-outlook-for-the-field-of-disaster-recovery-and-revitalization-law
#10
REVIEW
Tadashi Okamoto
Of the free legal counselling conducted by lawyers following the Great East Japan Earthquake, the results of analysis of approx. 40,000 cases have been disclosed by the Japan Federation of Bar Associations. These analysis results have been used as evidence serving as the basis for system revision and new legislation following the disaster, and have been of value to public policy, to a certain extent. In order to identify methods for realizing policy targets as know-how for public policy through the integration and analysis of legal needs in disaster areas, in FY2012 and thereafter, lectures on the "Disaster Recovery and Revitalization Law" were initiated by the Graduate School of Public Policy, Chuo University; Keio University Law School; and other institutions...
September 2016: Japan Medical Association Journal: JMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290953/chief-of-residents-for-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety-a-recipe-for-a-new-role-in-graduate-medical-education
#11
Kelly Ferraro, Randall Zernzach, Stephen Maturo, Christopher Nagy, Rebecca Barrett
INTRODUCTION: The San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium (SAUSHEC) is the largest group of residency programs in the Department of Defense. In an effort to provide improved Quality Improvement and Patient Safety (QI/PS) training for its residents, SAUSHEC created the position of Chief of QI/PS for Residents in the academic year 2014-2015. The Chief of QI/PS for Residents was based in the Internal Medicine residency program but also assisted with SAUSHEC-wide QI/PS projects...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290353/image-interpretation-performance-a-longitudinal-study-from-novice-to-professional
#12
C Wright, P Reeves
PURPOSE: Universities need to deliver educational programmes that create radiography graduates who are ready and able to participate in abnormality detection schemes, ultimately delivering safe and reliable performance because junior doctors are exposed to the risk of misdiagnosis if unsupported by other healthcare professionals. Radiographers are ideally suited to this role having the responsibility for conducting the actual X-ray examination. METHOD: The image interpretation performance of one cohort of student radiographers was measured upon enrolment from UCAS in the first week of university education and then again prior to graduation using RadBench (n = 23)...
February 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289312/core-entrustable-professional-activities-for-new-pharmacy-graduates
#13
Stuart T Haines, Amy L Pittenger, Scott K Stolte, Cecilia M Plaza, Brenda L Gleason, Alexander Kantorovich, Marianne McCollum, Jennifer M Trujillo, Debra A Copeland, Matthew M Lacroix, Quamrun N Masuda, Peter Mbi, Melissa S Medina, Susan M Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288620/urban-health-extension-services-utilization-in-bishoftu-town-oromia-regional-state-central-ethiopia
#14
Ewunetu Aberra Gebreegziabher, Feleke Hailemichael Astawesegn, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo, Mirkuzie Woldie Kerie
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has been deploying specially trained new cadres of community based health workers in urban areas of the country known as urban health extension professionals since 2009. At present, relatively little work has focused on understanding to what extent this new program is accepted and used by the community. METHODS: Both qualitative and quantitative surveys were performed from March 10, 2012 to March 25, 2012 to explore the utilization of urban health extension services in Bishoftu Town, Oromia regional state, Central Ethiopia using a cross sectional study design...
March 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287874/graduates-development-of-interprofessional-practice-capability-during-their-early-socialisation-into-professional-roles
#15
C Jane Morgan
Graduates entering the healthcare workforce can expect to undertake interprofessional practices, requiring them to work at the intersection of knowledge and practice boundaries that have been built over years of socialisation in their respective professions. Yet, in complex health environments, where health challenges go beyond the knowledge and skills of any single profession, there is a growing concern that healthcare practitioners lack capability to collaborate with each other. This article presents the findings from a year-long hermeneutic phenomenological study of graduates' temporal experiences of practice roles in their respective fields of healthcare and in collaboration with other professions...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287837/scientific-training-in-the-era-of-big-data-a-new-pedagogy-for-graduate-education
#16
Jay Aikat, Thomas M Carsey, Karamarie Fecho, Kevin Jeffay, Ashok Krishnamurthy, Peter J Mucha, Arcot Rajasekar, Stanley C Ahalt
The era of "big data" has radically altered the way scientific research is conducted and new knowledge is discovered. Indeed, the scientific method is rapidly being complemented and even replaced in some fields by data-driven approaches to knowledge discovery. This paradigm shift is sometimes referred to as the "fourth paradigm" of data-intensive and data-enabled scientific discovery. Interdisciplinary research with a hard emphasis on translational outcomes is becoming the norm in all large-scale scientific endeavors...
March 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284451/corrigendum-to-development-and-evaluation-of-a-clinical-simulation-for-new-graduate-nurses-a-multi-site-pilot-study-nurse-educ-today-49-february-2017-84-89
#17
Dukyoo Jung, Soon Hee Lee, Sook Jung Kang, Jung-Hee Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281610/the-standard-of-newly-qualified-dental-graduates-foundation-trainer-perceptions
#18
C J Oxley, R Dennick, P Batchelor
Background There have been anecdotal concerns that the skill mix of recently qualified graduates is very different to those qualifying several years ago, in particular that the clinical skills on qualification are less. If true, such changes may have ramifications for providers of undergraduate training, postgraduate training, particularly at foundation training level, and ultimately the public.Aim The aim of this study was to assess changes in perceived standards of newly qualified graduates as reported by foundation trainers...
March 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271788/limited-prescribing-powers-for-newly-qualified-nurses
#19
Erin Dean
New graduate nurses will be given limited prescribing powers, according to the Nursing and Midwifery Council's (NMC) draft education plans as seen by Nursing Standard. The unpublished plans, called Standards for Registered Nurse Education, are under consideration by the regulator in its 'radical' overhaul of nursing education.
March 8, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269237/defining-new-aims-for-bme-programs-in-latin-america-the-case-of-uam-iztapalapa
#20
J Azpiroz-Leehan, L F Martinez, M E G Urbina, M M Cadena, E Sacristan
The need for upkeep and management of medical technology has fostered the creation of a large number of under graduate programs in the field of biomedical Engineering. In Latin America alone, there are over 85 programs dedicated to this. This contrasts with programs in other regions where most of the undergraduates continue on to pursue graduate degrees or work as research and development engineers in the biomedical industry. In this work we analyze the situation regarding curricular design in the 48 BME programs in Mexico and compare this to suggestions and classifications of programs according to needs and possibilities...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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