keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Osha

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140634/combustibility-determination-for-cotton-gin-dust-and-almond-huller-dust
#1
Sidney E Hughs, Phillip J Wakelyn
It has been documented that some dusts generated while processing agricultural products, such as grain and sugar, can constitute combustible dust hazards. After a catastrophic dust explosion in a sugar refinery in 2008, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) initiated action to develop a mandatory standard to comprehensively address the fire and explosion hazards of combustible dusts. Cotton fiber and related materials from cotton ginning, in loose form, can support smoldering combustion if ignited by an outside source...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140632/grain-entrapment-pressure-on-the-torso-can-you-breathe-while-buried-in-grain
#2
Kevin G Moore, Carol L Jones
The pressure applied to the chest and back of a simulated grain entrapment victim was measured. Pressure sensors were attached to the chest and back of a manikin that was buried in grain in the vertical position. Measurements were made in four grain types at four grain depths ranging from the top of the manikin's shoulders to 0.61 m (24 in.) over the head. The pressure ranged from 1.6 to 4.0 kPa (0.23 to 0.57 psi). Based on available physiological information, this amount of pressure is unlikely to limit the respiration of an otherwise healthy adult male victim...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Agricultural Safety and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116891/measurements-and-health-impacts-of-carbon-black-and-btexs-in-photocopy-centers
#3
Pattama Senthong, Sivasit Wittayasilp
The purpose of this study was to measure the concentration of carbon black and BTEXs at three photocopy centers and to assess the health risk following exposure. Air samples were collected by sampling in the breathing zone of workers during the class and examination periods. The results found that the concentration of carbon black before operation was higher than morning and afternoon in both class and examination periods. These levels are considerably lower than the suggested limited value set by OSHA. Toluene had the highest concentration but did not exceed of recommended exposure limit by NIOSH...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072431/cal-osha-citations-of-dental-practices
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of the California Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059019/evaluating-optical-hazards-from-plasma-arc-cutting
#5
Eric Glassford, Gregory Burr
The Health Hazard Evaluation Program of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health evaluated a steel building materials manufacturer. The employer requested the evaluation because of concerns about optical radiation hazards from a plasma arc cutting system and the need to clarify eye protection requirements for plasma operators, other employees, and visitors. The strength of the ultraviolet radiation, visible radiation (light), and infrared radiation generated by the plasma arc cutter was measured at various distances from the source and at different operating amperages...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053946/measurement-of-area-and-personal-breathing-zone-concentrations-of-diesel-particulate-matter-dpm-during-oil-and-gas-extraction-operations-including-hydraulic-fracturing
#6
Eric J Esswein, Marissa Alexander-Scott, John Snawder, Michael Breitenstein
Diesel engines serve many purposes in modern oil and gas extraction activities. Diesel particulate matter (DPM) emitted from diesel engines is a complex aerosol that may cause adverse health effects depending on exposure dose and duration. This study reports on personal breathing zone (PBZ) and area measurements for DPM (expressed as elemental carbon) during oil and gas extraction operations including drilling, completions (which includes hydraulic fracturing) and servicing work. Researchers at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) collected 104 full-shift air samples (49 PBZ and 55 area) in Colorado, North Dakota, Texas, and New Mexico during a four year period from 2008-2012 The arithmetic mean (AM) of the full shift TWA PBZ samples was 10 µg/m(3); measurements ranged from 0...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053936/evaluation-of-an-improved-prototype-mini-baghouse-to-control-the-release-of-respirable-crystalline-silica-from-sand-movers
#7
Barbara M Alexander, Eric J Esswein, Michael G Gressel, Jerry L Kratzer, H Amy Feng, Arthur L Miller, Emanuele Cauda, Graeham Heil
The OSHA final rule on respirable crystalline silica (RCS) will require hydraulic fracturing companies to implement engineering controls to limit workers' exposure to RCS. RCS is generated by pneumatic transfer of quartz-containing sand during hydraulic fracturing operations. Chronic inhalation of RCS can lead to serious disease, including silicosis and lung cancer. NIOSH research identified at least seven sources where RCS aerosols were generated at hydraulic fracturing sites. NIOSH researchers developed an engineering control to address one of the largest sources of RCS aerosol generation, RCS escaping from thief hatches on the top of sand movers...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043874/the-risk-of-occupational-exposure-to-mercury-vapor-in-some-public-dental-clinics-of-baghdad-city-iraq
#8
Enas Sultan Al-Zubaidi, Adel Mashaan Rabee
BACKGROUND: Dental workers are exposed to elevated levels of elemental mercury vapor substantially above the occupational exposure standards when placing or removing mercury/silver tooth restorations and disposing of mercury waste. This results in a significant increase in occupational exposure and risk of mercury intoxication. METHODS: To evaluate the occupational exposure of dental workers to amalgam in four dental clinics in Baghdad city, the concentrations of mercury vapor were measured seasonally from February to November 2016...
August 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980509/hospital-workplace-violence-prevention-in-california-new-regulations
#9
Patricia Pidge Gooch
In response to startling statistics in the increasing number of workplace violence (WPV) incidents against health care workers, California employers across the continuum of care are preparing their organizations to comply with California Occupational Safety and Health Administration (CAL/OSHA) regulation SB 1299. This groundbreaking legislation requires hospitals and other health care settings to implement written strategic prevention plans and broaden the identification and reporting of incidents related to WPV...
October 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975928/meta-analysis-of-job-exposure-matrix-data-from-multiple-sources
#10
Wenting Cheng, Benjamin Roberts, Bhramar Mukherjee, Richard L Neitzel
The objectives of this study were to determine the heterogeneity of data sources used to construct a job-exposure matrix (JEM) for occupational noise, and to calculate pooled exposure estimates for different job titles using different sources. The JEM was populated with measurements from government databases, private industry, and the published literature. Data were organized by job title using the US standard occupational classification (SOC). Using data from the literature as prior information, adjusted mean exposure was calculated for both the government and industry data following a simple Bayesian approach...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952899/assisting-new-york-dairy-farms-with-preparing-for-osha-safety-inspections
#11
Pamela J Tinc, Jim Carrabba, Anna Meyerhoff, Melissa Horsman
In 2013, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration announced a Local Emphasis Program targeted at New York farmers. This program involved random inspections of dairy farms across the state. This editorial provides an overview of the efforts made in New York to prepare farmers for these inspections. As a result of this program launch, several safety services offered by the New York Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health were significantly impacted, and required expansion and modification in order to meet the needs of New York farmers...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879572/diligustilide-releases-h2s-and-stabilizes-s-nitrosothiols-in-ethanol-induced-lesions-on-rat-gastric-mucosa
#12
Josué Arturo Velázquez-Moyado, José Luis Balderas-López, Elizabeth Arlen Pineda-Peña, Brenda Lorena Sánchez-Ortiz, José Carlos Tavares-Carvalho, Andrés Navarrete
(Z,Z')-Diligustilide (DLG) or levistolide A is a dimeric phthalide isolated from Ligusticum porteri (Osha), the roots of which are used in the traditional treatment of many diseases including gastric aches. However, its action has not been completely elucidated. We analyzed the contributions of hydrogen sulfide and S-nitrosothiols to the action of DLG. Animals were pretreated with freshly formed in vitro nitrosothiol using Na2S and sodium nitroprusside to elucidate participation in the action of DLG. We also evaluated the production of H2S in vivo and in real time on the stomach via a specific electrode introduced into the stomachs of anaesthetized animals pretreated with DLG...
September 6, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865927/construction-accident-narrative-classification-an-evaluation-of-text-mining-techniques
#13
Yang Miang Goh, C U Ubeynarayana
Learning from past accidents is fundamental to accident prevention. Thus, accident and near miss reporting are encouraged by organizations and regulators. However, for organizations managing large safety databases, the time taken to accurately classify accident and near miss narratives will be very significant. This study aims to evaluate the utility of various text mining classification techniques in classifying 1000 publicly available construction accident narratives obtained from the US OSHA website. The study evaluated six machine learning algorithms, including support vector machine (SVM), linear regression (LR), random forest (RF), k-nearest neighbor (KNN), decision tree (DT) and Naive Bayes (NB), and found that SVM produced the best performance in classifying the test set of 251 cases...
November 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859618/evaluation-of-noise-hazard-during-the-holmium-laser-enucleation-of-prostate
#14
Huan Xu, Yan-Bo Chen, Meng Gu, Qi Chen, Zhong Wang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate noise hazard during holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP), we designed a study to detect such a risk in this procedure. METHODS: This study was conducted over a 12-month period on 223 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), 121 of whom underwent HoLEP while those remaining underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP). A sound level meter was used to detect the exposure of surgeons to noise. The recordings used were in accordance with the standards set by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the United States E nvironmental Protection A gency ...
August 31, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820861/association-of-poultry-processing-industry-exposures-with-reports-of-occupational-finger-amputations-results-of-an-analysis-of-osha-severe-injury-report-sir-data
#15
Remington L Nevin, Jon Bernt, Michael Hodgson
OBJECTIVE: This analysis was conducted to identify industry exposures strongly associated with reports of finger amputation. METHODS: Reports of severe occupational injuries in the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Severe Injury Report (SIR) database were analyzed in relation to U.S. Census Bureau industry employment data. Industries with significantly elevated reporting odds ratios (RORs) and relative reporting risks (RRRs) were identified. Multiple population association measures including population attributable fraction (PAF) were calculated by industry...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819083/the-forgotten-realm-of-the-new-and-emerging-psychosocial-risk-factors
#16
Francesco Chirico
In Europe, employers of all private and public enterprises have a legal obligation to protect their employers by all the different types of workplace hazards to the safety and health of workers. The most important methods developed for the work-related stress risk assessment are based on the Cox's research commissioned by European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) and are the Management Standard HSE for work-related stress in United Kingdom, the START method in Germany, the Screening, Observation, Analysis, Expertise (SOBANE) in Belgium, and the National Institute for Prevention and Safety at Work (INAIL-ISPESL) model in Italy, the latter based on the British Management Standard...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817554/occupational-distribution-of-campylobacteriosis-and-salmonellosis-cases-maryland-ohio-and-virginia-2014
#17
Chia-Ping Su, Marie A de Perio, Kathleen Fagan, Meghan L Smith, Ellen Salehi, Seth Levine, Karen Gruszynski, Sara E Luckhaupt
Campylobacter and Salmonella are leading causes of bacterial gastroenteritis in the United States and are estimated to cause >1 million episodes of domestically acquired illness annually (1). Campylobacter and Salmonella are primarily transmitted through contaminated food, but animal-to-human and human-to-human transmission can also occur (2,3). Although occupationally acquired infections have been reported, occupational risk factors have rarely been studied. In 2015, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) identified 63 suspected or confirmed cases of Campylobacter infection over 3...
August 18, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806863/influence-of-gender-working-field-and-psychosocial-factors-on-the-vulnerability-for-burnout-in-mental-hospital-staff-results-of-an-austrian-cross-sectional-study
#18
Petra Schadenhofer, Michael Kundi, Heidemarie Abrahamian, Harald Stummer, Alexandra Kautzky-Willer
INTRODUCTION: According to the European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA), hospitals represent a work environment with high job strain. Prolonged perceived occupational stress may result in symptoms of burnout, such as emotional exhaustion (EE), depersonalisation (DP) and reduced personal accomplishment (PA). Understanding which factors may reduce vulnerability for burnout is an important requirement for well-targeted occupational stress prevention in mental hospital staff...
August 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774617/monitoring-and-factors-affecting-levels-of-airborne-and-water-bromoform-in-chlorinated-seawater-swimming-pools
#19
Jean-Luc Boudenne, Julien Parinet, Carine Demelas, Tarek Manasfi, Bruno Coulomb
Water and air quality of eight seawater swimming pools using chlorine disinfection was measured during four sampling campaigns, spread on one full-year, and in four thalassotherapy centers located in Southeast of France. Concentrations of trihalomethanes (THMs) in air and in water as well as concentrations of parameters, including nonpurgeable organic carbon (NPOC), free residual chlorine (Clf), pH, Kjeldhal Nitrogen (KN), salinity, conductivity, bromide ions and, water and air temperature, were measured. Water and air samples were collected in triplicates morning - at the opening of the pools -, noon and night - at the closing of the pools -, in summer and winter...
August 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763387/the-south-carolina-environmental-public-health-tracking-program-s-role-in-monitoring-and-reducing-occupational-exposure-to-lead-public-health-actions-in-collaboration-with-the-south-carolina-occupational-safety-and-health-administration
#20
Harley T Davis, Chelsea Lynes, H Reed Corley
Per South Carolina (SC) Law §44-29-10, all blood lead test records are reportable. The SC Environmental Public Health Tracking (SC EPHT) program is directly involved in blood lead surveillance in SC, as it maintains the blood lead record database. Although Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention was discontinued in 2013, SC EPHT has continued to monitor and record adult blood lead test records.In 2012, SC EPHT signed a memorandum of understanding with the SC Occupational Safety and Health Administration (SC OSHA)...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
keyword
keyword
28455
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"