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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333725/osha-considers-national-standard-to-prevent-health-care-workplace-violence
#1
Lucy Wang Halpern
The federal effort continues amid uncertainty under a new White House administration.
April 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314636/comparing-non-safety-with-safety-device-sharps-injury-incidence-data-from-two-different-occupational-surveillance-systems
#2
A H Mitchell, G B Parker, H Kanamori, W A Rutala, D J Weber
The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard as amended by the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act requiring the use of safety-engineered medical devices to prevent needlesticks and sharps injuries has been in place since 2001. Injury changes over time include differences between those from non-safety compared with safety-engineered medical devices. This research compares two US occupational incident surveillance systems to determine whether these data can be generalized to other facilities and other countries either with legislation in place or considering developing national policies for the prevention of sharps injuries among healthcare personnel...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292698/fatal-falls-and-pfas-use-in-the-construction-industry-findings-from-the-niosh-face-reports
#3
Xiuwen Sue Dong, Julie A Largay, Sang D Choi, Xuanwen Wang, Chris Trahan Cain, Nancy Romano
This study analyzed the Construction FACE Database (CFD), a quantitative database developed from reports of the Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) program conducted by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). The CFD contains detailed data on 768 fatalities in the construction industry reported by NIOSH and individual states from 1982 through June 30, 2015. The results show that falls accounted for 42% (325) of the 768 fatalities included in the CFD. Personal fall arrest systems (PFAS) were not available to more than half of the fall decedents (54%); nearly one in four fall decedents (23%) had access to PFAS, but were not using it at the time of the fall...
March 11, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259842/is-beryllium-induced-lung-cancer-caused-only-by-soluble-forms-and-high-exposure-levels
#4
Mary K Schubauer-Berigan, James R Couch, James A Deddens
OBJECTIVES: The US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recently proposed a permissible exposure limit of 0.2 µg/m(3) for beryllium, based partly on extrapolated estimates of lung cancer risk from a pooled occupational cohort. The purpose of the present analysis was to evaluate whether cohort members exposed at lower levels to mainly insoluble forms of beryllium exhibit increased risk of lung cancer. METHODS: We conducted Cox proportional hazards regression analyses among 75 lung cancer cases in age-based risk sets within two lower exposure plants in the pooled cohort followed from 1940 to 2005...
March 4, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160817/under-recording-of-work-related-injuries-and-illnesses-an-osha-priority
#5
Kathleen M Fagan, Michael J Hodgson
INTRODUCTION: A 2009 Government Accounting Office (GAO) report, along with numerous published studies, documented that many workplace injuries are not recorded on employers' recordkeeping logs required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and consequently are under-reported to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), resulting in a substantial undercount of occupational injuries in the United States. METHODS: OSHA conducted a Recordkeeping National Emphasis Program (NEP) from 2009 to 2012 to identify the extent and causes of unrecorded and incorrectly recorded occupational injuries and illnesses...
February 2017: Journal of Safety Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160212/phthalides-distribution-in-nature-chemical-reactivity-synthesis-and-biological-activity
#6
Alejandra León, Mayela Del-Ángel, José Luis Ávila, Guillermo Delgado
Phthalides are a relatively small group of natural compounds confined to several plant families and some genera of fungi and liverworts. They are divided into two structural groups, the monomeric and dimeric phthalides, and known mainly as bioactive constituents of different plant species used traditionally for medicinal purposes in Asia, Europe, and North America.The first reports on the chemistry of phthalides appeared at the end of the nineteenth century, in which they were identified as the odor constituents of the essential oil of celery (Apium graveolens) by Ciamician and Silber (1897)...
2017: Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151600/understanding-requirements-of-an-osha-respiratory-protection-program
#7
Scott Larson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Occupational Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071878/occupational-exposure-to-beryllium-final-rule
#8
(no author information available yet)
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is amending its existing standards for occupational exposure to beryllium and beryllium compounds. OSHA has determined that employees exposed to beryllium at the previous permissible exposure limits face a significant risk of material impairment to their health. The evidence in the record for this rulemaking indicates that workers exposed to beryllium are at increased risk of developing chronic beryllium disease and lung cancer. This final rule establishes new permissible exposure limits of 0...
January 9, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030888/clarification-of-employer-s-continuing-obligation-to-make-and-maintain-an-accurate-record-of-each-recordable-injury-and-illness-final-rule
#9
(no author information available yet)
OSHA is amending its recordkeeping regulations to clarify that the duty to make and maintain accurate records of work-related injuries and illnesses is an ongoing obligation. The duty to record an injury or illness continues for as long as the employer must keep records of the recordable injury or illness; the duty does not expire just because the employer fails to create the necessary records when first required to do so. The amendments consist of revisions to the titles of some existing sections and subparts and changes to the text of some existing provisions...
December 19, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001015/procedures-for-handling-retaliation-complaints-under-section-31307-of-the-moving-ahead-for-progress-in-the-21st-century-act-map-21-final-rule
#10
(no author information available yet)
On March 16, 2016, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) of the U.S. Department of Labor (Department) issued an interim final rule (IFR) that provided procedures for the Department's processing of complaints under the employee protection (retaliation or whistleblower) provisions of Section 31307 of the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21). The IFR established procedures and time frames for the handling of retaliation complaints under MAP-21, including procedures and time frames for employee complaints to OSHA, investigations by OSHA, appeals of OSHA determinations to an administrative law judge (ALJ) for a hearing de novo, hearings by ALJs, review of ALJ decisions by the Administrative Review Board (ARB) (acting on behalf of the Secretary of Labor) and judicial review of the Secretary's final decision...
December 14, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906533/walking-working-surfaces-and-personal-protective-equipment-fall-protection-systems-final-rule
#11
(no author information available yet)
OSHA is revising and updating its general industry standards on walking-working surfaces to prevent and reduce workplace slips, trips, and falls, as well as other injuries and fatalities associated with walking-working surface hazards. The final rule includes revised and new provisions addressing, for example, fixed ladders; rope descent systems; fall protection systems and criteria, including personal fall protection systems; and training on fall hazards and fall protection systems. In addition, the final rule adds requirements on the design, performance, and use of personal fall protection systems...
November 18, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854198/investigation-of-the-cytotoxicity-antioxidative-and-immune-modulatory-effects-of-ligusticum-porteri-osha-root-extract-on-human-peripheral-blood-lymphocytes
#12
Khanh Nguyen, Jean Sparks, Felix O Omoruyi
OBJECTIVE: Ligusticum porteri is a traditional Native American herb. The roots of L. porteri are traditionally used in the treatment of many diseases, however, its cytotoxicity, antioxidative and immune-modulatory effects need to be investigated. In this study, we evaluated the effects of the root extract at different doses on human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs). METHODS: The lymphocytes were incubated with different concentrations of the root extracts (0, 50, 100, 200, and 400 μg/mL) and harvested every 6 h for 2 d (P<0...
November 2016: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849127/commentary-on-the-regulatory-implications-of-noise-induced-cochlear-neuropathy
#13
Robert A Dobie, Larry E Humes
OBJECTIVE: A discussion on whether recent research on noise-induced cochlear neuropathy in rodents justifies changes in current regulation of occupational noise exposure. DESIGN: Informal literature review and commentary, relying on literature found in the authors' files. No formal literature search was performed. STUDY SAMPLE: Published literature on temporary threshold shift (TTS) and cochlear pathology, in humans and experimental animals, as well as the regulations of the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)...
2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846826/natural-product-htp-screening-for-antibacterial-e-coli-0157-h7-and-anti-inflammatory-agents-in-lps-from-e-coli-o111-b4-activated-macrophages-and-microglial-cells-focus-on-sepsis
#14
Elizabeth A Mazzio, Nan Li, David Bauer, Patricia Mendonca, Equar Taka, Mohammed Darb, Leeshawn Thomas, Henry Williams, Karam F A Soliman
BACKGROUND: Acute systemic inflammatory response syndrome arising from infection can lead to multiple organ failure and death, with greater susceptibility occurring in immunocompromised individuals. Moreover, sub-acute chronic inflammation is a contributor to the pathology of diverse degenerative diseases (Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and arthritis). Given the known limitations in Western medicine to treat a broad range of inflammatory related illness as well as the emergence of antibiotic resistance, there is a renewed interest in complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) to achieve these means...
November 15, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801392/a-review-of-occupational-injury-research-in-malaysia
#15
C S Ganesh, R Krishnan
A literature review of 16 papers on occupational injury research in Malaysia published during a 13-year period from 2000-2013 was carried out. The objective of this review and article selection was based on relevance to the research theme and mention of areas for future research. Most of the publications have focused on descriptive epidemiology, management practices, worker's knowledge, attitude, training, and rehabilitation services. The transportation, agriculture and construction sectors were found to be the most hazardous sectors and would benefit the most from Occupational Safety & Health (OSH) research and interventions...
June 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792470/increased-sensitivity-of-osha-method-analysis-of-diacetyl-and-2-3-pentanedione-in-air
#16
Ryan LeBouf, Michael Simmons
Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) operated in selected ion monitoring mode was used to enhance the sensitivity of OSHA Methods 1013/1016 for measuring diacetyl and 2,3-pentanedione in air samples. The original methods use flame ionization detection which cannot achieve the required sensitivity to quantify samples at or below the NIOSH recommended exposure limits (REL: 5 ppb for diacetyl and 9.3 ppb for 2,3-pentanedione) when sampling for both diacetyl and 2,3-pentanedione. OSHA Method 1012 was developed to measure diacetyl at lower levels but requires an electron capture detector, and a sample preparation time of 36 hours...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792033/assessment-of-dust-exposure-in-a-steel-plant-in-the-eastern-coast-of-peninsular-malaysia
#17
Ainun Hamzah Nurul, Bahri Mohd Tamrin Shamsul, Ismail Noor Hassim
BACKGROUND: Steel manufacturing produces dust, fumes, and pollutant gases that may give adverse health effects to the respiratory function of workers. Improper occupational hygiene practice in the workplace will affect both workers wellbeing and productivity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of particulate matter [(PM2.5, PM10, and Total Particulate Matter (TPM)], and trace metal dust concentrations in different sections of a steel plant and compare with the occupational exposure values...
November 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779309/effectiveness-of-osha-outreach-training-on-carpenters-work-related-injury-rates-washington-state-2000-2008
#18
Ashley L Schoenfisch, Hester Lipscomb, Clayton Sinyai, Darrin Adams
INTRODUCTION: Despite the size and breadth of OSHA's Outreach Training program for construction, information on its impact on work-related injury rates is limited. METHODS: In a 9-year dynamic cohort of 17,106 union carpenters in Washington State, the effectiveness of OSHA Outreach Training on workers' compensation claims rate was explored. Injury rates were calculated by training status overall and by carpenters' demographic and work characteristics using Poisson regression...
January 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768266/procedures-for-the-handling-of-retaliation-complaints-under-section-1558-of-the-affordable-care-act-final-rule
#19
(no author information available yet)
This document provides the final text of regulations governing employee protection (retaliation or whistleblower) claims under section 1558 of the Affordable Care Act, which added section 18C to the Fair Labor Standards Act to provide protections to employees who may have been subject to retaliation for seeking assistance under certain affordability assistance provisions (for example, health insurance premium tax credits) or for reporting potential violations of the Affordable Care Act's consumer protections (for example, the prohibition on rescissions)...
October 13, 2016: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758935/the-american-association-of-occupational-health-nurses-respiratory-protection-education-program-and-resources-webkit-for-occupational-health-professionals
#20
Lisa Pompeii, Annette Byrd, George L Delclos, Sadie H Conway
Organizations are required to adhere to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Respiratory Protection Standard (29 CFR 1910.134) if they have workers that wear a respirator on the job. They must also have an employee "suitably trained" to administer their program. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health and its National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory have worked to champion the occupational health nurse in this role by collaborating with the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses to develop free, online respiratory protection training and resources (RPP Webkit)...
December 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
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