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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703044/implementation-of-a-safe-patient-handling-program-in-a-multihospital-health-system-from-inception-to-sustainability-successes-over-8-years-and-ongoing-challenges
#1
Christine Olinski, Christine E Norton
Musculoskeletal injuries, especially back injuries, are among the most frequent injuries sustained by direct caregivers who lift, transfer, and reposition patients. These injuries can be debilitating and, for some caregivers, career ending. In the first year following implementation of the safe patient handling program in a multihospital health care system, an 82% reduction in Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) recordable patient handling injuries was realized, a 94% decrease in days away from work, an 85% reduction in restricted duty days, and an 82% reduction in incurred workers' compensation costs...
July 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700929/a-cardiomyopathy-mutation-in-the-myosin-essential-light-chain-alters-actomyosin-structure
#2
Piyali Guhathakurta, Ewa Prochniewicz, Osha Roopnarine, John A Rohde, David D Thomas
We have used site-directed time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer to determine the effect of a pathological mutation in the human ventricular essential light chain (hVELC) of myosin, on the structural dynamics of the actin-myosin complex. The hVELC modulates the function of actomyosin, through the interaction of its N-terminal extension with actin and its C-terminal lobe with the myosin heavy chain. Several mutations in hVELC are associated with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Some biochemical effects of these mutations are known, but further insight is needed about their effects on the structural dynamics of functioning actomyosin...
July 11, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693807/inter-annual-variation-in-the-density-of-anthropogenic-debris-in-the-tasman-sea
#3
Osha-Ann Rudduck, Jennifer L Lavers, Andrew M Fischer, Silke Stuckenbrock, Paul B Sharp, Richard B Banati
An increasing number of studies highlight the risk of plastic pollution in the marine environment. However, systematic longitudinal data on the distribution and abundance of plastic debris remain sparse. Here we present the results of a two-year study of plastic pollution within the Tasman Sea, contrasted with a further year of data from the same region, in order to document how the density of debris varies across years in this area. Surface net tows were collected between Hobart, Tasmania and Sydney, Australia during the spring of 2013 and 2014 and compared with a subset of data from autumn 2012 from the same region...
July 7, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691728/intervention-to-diminish-dehydration-and-kidney-damage-among-sugarcane-workers
#4
David H Wegman, Jenny Apelqvist, Matteo Bottai, Ulf Ekström, Ramón García-Trabanino, Jason Glaser, Christer Hogstedt, Kristina Jakobsson, Emmanuel Jarquín, Rebekah A I Lucas, Ilana Weiss, Catharina Wesseling, Theo Bodin
Objective The aim of this study was to assess the potential to reduce kidney function damage during the implementation of a water, rest, shade (WRS) and efficiency intervention program among sugarcane workers. Methods A WRS intervention program adapted from the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) coupled with an efficiency program began two months into the 5-month harvest. One of the two groups of workers studied was provided with portable water reservoirs, mobile shaded tents, and scheduled rest periods...
July 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650713/occupational-chemical-exposures-a-collaboration-between-the-georgia-poison-center-and-the-occupational-safety-and-health-administration
#5
Aaron W Tustin, Alison Jones, Gaylord P Lopez, Glenn R Ketcham, Michael J Hodgson
CONTEXT: In the United States, regional poison centers frequently receive calls about toxic workplace exposures. Most poison centers do not share call details routinely with governmental regulatory agencies. Worker health and safety could be enhanced if regulators such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) had the ability to investigate these events and prevent similar incidents. With this goal in mind, the Georgia Poison Center (GPC) began referring occupational exposures to OSHA in July 2014...
June 26, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645965/the-perspective-of-european-researchers-of-national-occupational-safety-and-health-institutes-for-contributing-to-a-european-research-agenda-a-modified-delphi-study
#6
Diana Gagliardi, Bruna M Rondinone, Marco Mirabile, Giuliana Buresti, Peter Ellwood, Michel Hery, Peter Paszkiewicz, Antonio Valenti, Sergio Iavicoli
OBJECTIVES: This study, developed within the frame of the Partnership for European Research on Occupational Safety and Health joint research activities and based on the frame designed by the 2013 European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) study, is the first example of using the points of view of European occupational safety and health (OSH) researchers.The objective is to identify priorities for OSH research that may contribute to the achievement of present and future sustainable growth objectives set by the European strategies...
June 23, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636451/assessing-hydrogen-peroxide-vapor-exposure-from-hospital-sterilizers
#7
Robert Cornelia, P Richard Warburton
This study examined the hydrogen peroxide concentrations measured near four models of hydrogen peroxide sterilizers, from two manufacturers, monitored in seven hospitals across the US and Canada over several years. The results showed that the majority of sterilizers do not emit hazardous levels of hydrogen peroxide and none of them exceeded the OSHA PEL of 1 ppm (8 hour time weighted average (TWA)), however several of the sterilizers exceeded 3 ppm, the short term exposure limit in a couple of states, Washington and Hawaii...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604767/correlation-between-airborne-manganese-concentration-at-the-workstations-in-the-iron-foundry-and-manganese-concentration-in-workers-blood
#8
Seyedtaghi Mirmohammadi, Yosef Moghaddasi, Jamshid Yazdani, Razyeh Yousefinejad, Yahya Esfandyari, Mohsen Gorgani, Manijeh Habibpour
BACKGROUND: Manganese (Mn) used as raw material for melting process in the ferrous foundry is considered as hazardous neurotoxic substance because it accumulates in the central nervous system and may cause neurological disorders. The furnace-men and melting department workers are potentially exposed to manganese particles or fume in the workplace. The objective of the research has been to investigate the sources and levels of manganese exposure in the foundry by correlation of blood-manganese (B-Mn) and air-manganese (air-Mn) measurement...
June 12, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598939/impact-of-occupational-injuries-on-nonworkers-compensation-medical-costs-of-patient-care-workers
#9
Jessica A R Williams, Glorian Sorensen, Dean Hashimoto, Karen Hopcia, Gregory R Wagner, Leslie I Boden
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the extent to which work-related injuries contribute to medical expenditures paid for by group health insurance. METHODS: Administrative data on OSHA recordable injuries spanning 2010 to 2013 were obtained for female patient care workers (n = 2495). Expenditures were aggregated group health insurance claims for 3 and 6-month periods before/after injury. Group health insurance plan type, age group, and job category were control variables...
June 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585893/performance-of-two-respiratory-protective-devices-used-by-home-attending-health-care-workers-a-pilot-study
#10
Yousef Elmashae, Sergey A Grinshpun, Tiina Reponen, Michael Yermakov, Robert Riddle
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aimed at determining the Workplace Protection Factor (WPF) for respiratory protective devices widely used by health-care workers to reduce exposure to potentially hazardous aerosols when attending patients in their homes. Two devices were tested, an N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) and a surgical mask (SM). METHODS: Three home-attending health-care workers were recruited, medically cleared and fit tested. At the workplace, the aerosol concentrations outside (Cout) and inside (Cin) of the tested respiratory protective device worn by a subject were measured using two simultaneously operating P-Trak condensation particle counters within the particle size range of approximately 20-1,000 nm...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557640/workplace-violence-training-programs-for-health-care-workers-an-analysis-of-program-elements
#11
Sheila Arbury, Michael Hodgson, Donna Zankowski, Jane Lipscomb
Commercial workplace violence (WPV) prevention training programs differ in their approach to violence prevention and the content they present. This study reviews 12 such programs using criteria developed from training topics in the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Guidelines for Preventing Workplace Violence for Healthcare and Social Service Workers and a review of the WPV literature. None of the training programs addressed all the review criteria. The most significant gap in content was the lack of attention to facility-specific risk assessment and policies...
June 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554359/clinical-issues-june-2017
#12
Mary J Ogg, Esther M Johnstone
Defining a small amount of surgical smoke Key words: surgical smoke, medical-surgical vacuum system, suction tubing. Assessment of hazardous medications Key words: hazardous medications, safety data sheets, OSHA hazard communication. Documentation of electrosurgical devices Key words: electrosurgical device. Developing an explant policy Key words: explant, guideline, implant, policy.
June 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554306/occupational-safety-and-health-in-the-temporary-services-industry
#13
Tessa Bonney, Linda Forst, Samara Rivers, Marsha Love, Preethi Pratap, Tim Bell, Sean Fulkerson
Workers in the temporary staffing industry face hazardous working conditions and have a high risk of occupational injury. This project brought together local workers' centers and university investigators to build a corps of Occupational Health Promoters (OHPs) and to test a survey tool and recruitment methods to identify hazards and raise awareness among workers employed by temporary staffing companies. OHPs interviewed ninety-eight workers employed by thirty-three temporary agencies and forty-nine client companies, working mainly in shipping and packing, manufacturing, and warehousing sectors...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539739/effects-of-ligusticum-porteri-osha-root-extract-on-human-promyelocytic-leukemia-cells
#14
Khanh Nguyen, Jean Sparks, Felix Omoruyi
BACKGROUND: Ligusticum porteri roots have been traditionally used in folk medicine, but the scientific basis is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cytotoxicity, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory effects of L. porteri root extract on human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells and H2O2-induced oxidative damaged HL-60 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HL-60 cells were incubated with different concentrations of root extract, and cells were harvested for viability assays on day 3 and 7...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499626/carbon-dioxide-exposure-resulting-from-hood-protective-equipment-used-in-joint-arthroplasty-surgery
#15
Suhani Patel, Janelle M Fine, Michael J Lim, Steven N Copp, Adam S Rosen, John B West, G Kim Prisk
BACKGROUND: To protect both the surgeon and patient during procedures, hooded protection shields are used during joint arthroplasty procedures. Headache, malaise, and dizziness, consistent with increased carbon dioxide (CO2) exposure, have been anecdotally reported by surgeons using hoods. We hypothesized that increased CO2 concentrations were causing reported symptoms. METHODS: Six healthy subjects (4 men) donned hooded protection, fan at the highest setting. Arm cycle ergometry at workloads of 12 and 25 watts (W) simulated workloads encountered during arthroplasty...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497945/clarification-of-employer%C3%A2-s-continuing-obligation-to-make-and-maintain-an-accurate-record-of-each-recordable-injury-and-illness-final-rule
#16
(no author information available yet)
Under the Congressional Review Act, Congress has passed, and the President has signed, Public Law 115-21, a resolution of disapproval of OSHA's final rule titled, "Clarification of Employer's Continuing Obligation to Make and Maintain an Accurate Record of each Recordable Injury and Illness." OSHA published the rule, which contained various amendments to OSHA's recordkeeping regulations, on December 19, 2016. The amendments became effective on January 18, 2017. Because Public Law 115-21 invalidates the amendments to OSHA's recordkeeping regulations contained in the rule promulgated on December 19, 2016, OSHA is hereby removing those amendments from the Code of Federal Regulations...
May 3, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448481/occupational-fatalities-resulting-from-falls-in-the-oil-and-gas-extraction-industry-united-states-2005-2014
#17
Krystal L Mason, Kyla D Retzer, Ryan Hill, Jennifer M Lincoln
During 2003-2013, fatality rates for oil and gas extraction workers decreased for all causes of death except those associated with fall events, which increased 2% annually during 2003-2013 (1). To better understand risk factors for these events, CDC examined fatal fall events in the oil and gas extraction industry during 2005-2014 using data from case investigations conducted by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Sixty-three fatal falls were identified, accounting for 15% of all fatal events...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429630/new-and-emerging-risks-associated-with-green-workplaces
#18
Dorota Elżbieta Wandzich, Grażyna Anna Płaza
Work environments are continuously changing with the introduction of new technologies, substances and work processes, changes in the structure of the workforce and labor market, and new forms of employment and work organization. New work situations bring both risks and challenges for workers and employers, which, in turn, may require political, administrative, technical, and regulatory approaches to ensure worker safety and health. This article is based on a European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) report, Green Jobs and Occupational Safety and Health, that detailed new and emerging risks to occupational safety and health associated with new technologies in green jobs...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426289/injuries-and-exposures-among-ocean-safety-providers-a-review-of-workplace-injuries-and-exposures-from-2007-2012
#19
Kevin M Ryan, Alan H Breaud, Laura Eliseo, Ralph Goto, Patricia Mitchell
Research on workplace injuries and exposures in ocean safety personnel remains limited. Despite increasing beach attendance and reliance on lifeguards for protection, the most common types of injuries, equipment resulting in injuries, and environmental exposures remains unknown. This study reviewed OSHA 300 logs summarizing workers' compensation claims from 2007-2012 to identify common body parts injured, action at time of injury, equipment causing injury, and environmental exposures. A secondary phase consisted of a cross-sectional anonymous survey to determine demographics, body part injured, equipment causing injury, sun and environmental exposures, action at time of injury, and proportion of injuries reported to the department...
July 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406388/outcomes-following-traumatic-grain-elevator-injuries
#20
Sydnei Tolefree, Anthony Truong, Jeanette Ward, Fanglong Dong, Elizabeth Ablah, James Haan
OBJECTIVES: The absence of a comprehensive database of grain elevator-associated injuries hinders accurate evaluation of injury prevalence and may lead to discordant information about injury frequencies. The main purpose of this study was to identify the most common mechanisms of injury related to grain elevator events. Comparisons of hospital outcomes between patients who sustained traumatic injuries associated with grain elevators at Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)-regulated industrial sites versus those on OSHA-exempt farming operations were also made...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
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