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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636451/assessing-hydrogen-peroxide-vapor-exposure-from-hospital-sterilizers
#1
Robert Cornelia, P Richard Warburton
This study examined the hydrogen peroxide concentrations measured near four models of hydrogen peroxide sterilizers, from two manufacturers, monitored in seven hospitals across the US and Canada over several years. The results showed that the majority of sterilizers do not emit hazardous levels of hydrogen peroxide and none of them exceeded the OSHA PEL of 1 ppm (8 hour time weighted average (TWA)), however several of the sterilizers exceeded 3 ppm, the short term exposure limit in a couple of states, Washington and Hawaii...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604767/correlation-between-airborne-manganese-concentration-at-the-workstations-in-the-iron-foundry-and-manganese-concentration-in-workers-blood
#2
Seyedtaghi Mirmohammadi, Yosef Moghaddasi, Jamshid Yazdani, Razyeh Yousefinejad, Yahya Esfandyari, Mohsen Gorgani, Manijeh Habibpour
BACKGROUND: Manganese (Mn) used as raw material for melting process in the ferrous foundry is considered as hazardous neurotoxic substance because it accumulates in the central nervous system and may cause neurological disorders. The furnace-men and melting department workers are potentially exposed to manganese particles or fume in the workplace. The objective of the research has been to investigate the sources and levels of manganese exposure in the foundry by correlation of blood-manganese (B-Mn) and air-manganese (air-Mn) measurement...
June 12, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598939/impact-of-occupational-injuries-on-nonworkers-compensation-medical-costs-of-patient-care-workers
#3
Jessica A R Williams, Glorian Sorensen, Dean Hashimoto, Karen Hopcia, Gregory R Wagner, Leslie I Boden
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the extent to which work-related injuries contribute to medical expenditures paid for by group health insurance. METHODS: Administrative data on OSHA recordable injuries spanning 2010 to 2013 were obtained for female patient care workers (n = 2495). Expenditures were aggregated group health insurance claims for 3 and 6-month periods before/after injury. Group health insurance plan type, age group, and job category were control variables...
June 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585893/performance-of-two-respiratory-protective-devices-used-by-home-attending-health-care-workers-a-pilot-study
#4
Yousef Elmashae, Sergey A Grinshpun, Tiina Reponen, Michael Yermakov, Robert Riddle
OBJECTIVES: This pilot study aimed at determining the Workplace Protection Factor (WPF) for respiratory protective devices widely used by health-care workers to reduce exposure to potentially hazardous aerosols when attending patients in their homes. Two devices were tested, an N95 filtering facepiece respirator (FFR) and a surgical mask (SM). METHODS: Three home-attending health-care workers were recruited, medically cleared and fit tested. At the workplace, the aerosol concentrations outside (Cout) and inside (Cin) of the tested respiratory protective device worn by a subject were measured using two simultaneously operating P-Trak condensation particle counters within the particle size range of approximately 20-1,000 nm...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557640/workplace-violence-training-programs-for-health-care-workers-an-analysis-of-program-elements
#5
Sheila Arbury, Michael Hodgson, Donna Zankowski, Jane Lipscomb
Commercial workplace violence (WPV) prevention training programs differ in their approach to violence prevention and the content they present. This study reviews 12 such programs using criteria developed from training topics in the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's (OSHA) Guidelines for Preventing Workplace Violence for Healthcare and Social Service Workers and a review of the WPV literature. None of the training programs addressed all the review criteria. The most significant gap in content was the lack of attention to facility-specific risk assessment and policies...
June 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554359/clinical-issues-june-2017
#6
Mary J Ogg, Esther M Johnstone
Defining a small amount of surgical smoke Key words: surgical smoke, medical-surgical vacuum system, suction tubing. Assessment of hazardous medications Key words: hazardous medications, safety data sheets, OSHA hazard communication. Documentation of electrosurgical devices Key words: electrosurgical device. Developing an explant policy Key words: explant, guideline, implant, policy.
June 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554306/occupational-safety-and-health-in-the-temporary-services-industry
#7
Tessa Bonney, Linda Forst, Samara Rivers, Marsha Love, Preethi Pratap, Tim Bell, Sean Fulkerson
Workers in the temporary staffing industry face hazardous working conditions and have a high risk of occupational injury. This project brought together local workers' centers and university investigators to build a corps of Occupational Health Promoters (OHPs) and to test a survey tool and recruitment methods to identify hazards and raise awareness among workers employed by temporary staffing companies. OHPs interviewed ninety-eight workers employed by thirty-three temporary agencies and forty-nine client companies, working mainly in shipping and packing, manufacturing, and warehousing sectors...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539739/effects-of-ligusticum-porteri-osha-root-extract-on-human-promyelocytic-leukemia-cells
#8
Khanh Nguyen, Jean Sparks, Felix Omoruyi
BACKGROUND: Ligusticum porteri roots have been traditionally used in folk medicine, but the scientific basis is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cytotoxicity, antioxidant, and immunomodulatory effects of L. porteri root extract on human promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cells and H2O2-induced oxidative damaged HL-60 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HL-60 cells were incubated with different concentrations of root extract, and cells were harvested for viability assays on day 3 and 7...
April 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499626/carbon-dioxide-exposure-resulting-from-hood-protective-equipment-used-in-joint-arthroplasty-surgery
#9
Suhani Patel, Janelle M Fine, Michael J Lim, Steven N Copp, Adam S Rosen, John B West, G Kim Prisk
BACKGROUND: To protect both the surgeon and patient during procedures, hooded protection shields are used during joint arthroplasty procedures. Headache, malaise, and dizziness, consistent with increased carbon dioxide (CO2) exposure, have been anecdotally reported by surgeons using hoods. We hypothesized that increased CO2 concentrations were causing reported symptoms. METHODS: Six healthy subjects (4 men) donned hooded protection, fan at the highest setting. Arm cycle ergometry at workloads of 12 and 25 watts (W) simulated workloads encountered during arthroplasty...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497945/clarification-of-employer%C3%A2-s-continuing-obligation-to-make-and-maintain-an-accurate-record-of-each-recordable-injury-and-illness-final-rule
#10
(no author information available yet)
Under the Congressional Review Act, Congress has passed, and the President has signed, Public Law 115-21, a resolution of disapproval of OSHA's final rule titled, "Clarification of Employer's Continuing Obligation to Make and Maintain an Accurate Record of each Recordable Injury and Illness." OSHA published the rule, which contained various amendments to OSHA's recordkeeping regulations, on December 19, 2016. The amendments became effective on January 18, 2017. Because Public Law 115-21 invalidates the amendments to OSHA's recordkeeping regulations contained in the rule promulgated on December 19, 2016, OSHA is hereby removing those amendments from the Code of Federal Regulations...
May 3, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448481/occupational-fatalities-resulting-from-falls-in-the-oil-and-gas-extraction-industry-united-states-2005-2014
#11
Krystal L Mason, Kyla D Retzer, Ryan Hill, Jennifer M Lincoln
During 2003-2013, fatality rates for oil and gas extraction workers decreased for all causes of death except those associated with fall events, which increased 2% annually during 2003-2013 (1). To better understand risk factors for these events, CDC examined fatal fall events in the oil and gas extraction industry during 2005-2014 using data from case investigations conducted by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Sixty-three fatal falls were identified, accounting for 15% of all fatal events...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429630/new-and-emerging-risks-associated-with-green-workplaces
#12
Dorota Elżbieta Wandzich, Grażyna Anna Płaza
Work environments are continuously changing with the introduction of new technologies, substances and work processes, changes in the structure of the workforce and labor market, and new forms of employment and work organization. New work situations bring both risks and challenges for workers and employers, which, in turn, may require political, administrative, technical, and regulatory approaches to ensure worker safety and health. This article is based on a European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) report, Green Jobs and Occupational Safety and Health, that detailed new and emerging risks to occupational safety and health associated with new technologies in green jobs...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426289/injuries-and-exposures-among-ocean-safety-providers-a-review-of-workplace-injuries-and-exposures-from-2007-2012
#13
Kevin M Ryan, Alan H Breaud, Laura Eliseo, Ralph Goto, Patricia Mitchell
Research on workplace injuries and exposures in ocean safety personnel remains limited. Despite increasing beach attendance and reliance on lifeguards for protection, the most common types of injuries, equipment resulting in injuries, and environmental exposures remains unknown. This study reviewed OSHA 300 logs summarizing workers' compensation claims from 2007-2012 to identify common body parts injured, action at time of injury, equipment causing injury, and environmental exposures. A secondary phase consisted of a cross-sectional anonymous survey to determine demographics, body part injured, equipment causing injury, sun and environmental exposures, action at time of injury, and proportion of injuries reported to the department...
July 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406388/outcomes-following-traumatic-grain-elevator-injuries
#14
Sydnei Tolefree, Anthony Truong, Jeanette Ward, Fanglong Dong, Elizabeth Ablah, James Haan
OBJECTIVES: The absence of a comprehensive database of grain elevator-associated injuries hinders accurate evaluation of injury prevalence and may lead to discordant information about injury frequencies. The main purpose of this study was to identify the most common mechanisms of injury related to grain elevator events. Comparisons of hospital outcomes between patients who sustained traumatic injuries associated with grain elevators at Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)-regulated industrial sites versus those on OSHA-exempt farming operations were also made...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403737/comparing-online-and-in-person-delivery-formats-of-the-osha-10-hour-general-industry-health-and-safety-training-for-young-workers
#15
Derek G Shendell, Lindsey J Milich, Alexsandra A Apostolico, Alexa A Patti, Siobhan Kelly
Seven school districts or comprehensive high schools were enrolled in online OSHA 10-hour General Industry or Construction health and safety training via CareerSafe to determine the feasibility of online training for students, given limited resources for in-person trainings. A two-campus school district was analyzed comparing OSHA 10 for General Industry across in-person, supervisor-level teachers as authorized trainers, and online course formats. The online training courses were completed by 86 of 91 students, while another 53 of 57 students completed in-person training...
May 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403736/make-health-and-safety-a-part-of-global-struggles-against-imperialism-racism-and-other-oppressions
#16
Deborah Deeg Gold
Deborah "Deeg" Gold was presented in November 2016 with the Alice Hamilton Award of the Occupational Health and Safety Section of the American Public Health Association. Deeg worked for more than 20 years for the California Division of Occupational Safety and Health (Cal/OSHA) as a field compliance officer, senior industrial hygienist, and then became the agency's Deputy Chief for Health. Prior to joining Cal/OSHA, Deeg Gold was a rank-and-file worker health and safety activist in her union. She is also an activist on many social justice issues, including opposing the death penalty and is a queer activist...
May 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395311/exploring-manganese-fractionation-using-a-sequential-extraction-method-to-evaluate-welders-gas-metal-arc-welding-exposures-during-heavy-equipment-manufacturing
#17
Kevin W Hanley, Ronnee Andrews, Steven Bertke, Kevin Ashley
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) has conducted an occupational exposure assessment study of manganese (Mn) in welding fume at three factories where heavy equipment was manufactured. The objective of this study was to evaluate exposures to different Mn fractions using a sequential extraction procedure. One hundred nine worker-days were monitored for either total or respirable Mn during gas metal arc welding. The samples were analyzed using an experimental method to separate different Mn fractions based on selective chemical solubility...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355414/retrospective-assessment-of-occupational-exposures-for-the-geneva-study-of-als-among-military-veterans
#18
Anila Bello, Susan R Woskie, Rebecca Gore, Dale P Sandler, Silke Schmidt, Freya Kamel
Objective: This paper describes the retrospective exposure assessment conducted to assess occupational exposures for the Genes and Environmental Exposures in Veterans (GENEVA) study, a case-control study investigating the joint contribution of genetics and environmental exposures to the risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) among military veterans. Methods: Occupational histories for 1597 study participants collected as part of the GENEVA study were the basis for this retrospective exposure assessment...
April 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333725/osha-considers-national-standard-to-prevent-health-care-workplace-violence
#19
Lucy Wang Halpern
The federal effort continues amid uncertainty under a new White House administration.
April 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314636/comparing-non-safety-with-safety-device-sharps-injury-incidence-data-from-two-different-occupational-surveillance-systems
#20
A H Mitchell, G B Parker, H Kanamori, W A Rutala, D J Weber
The United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard as amended by the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act requiring the use of safety-engineered medical devices to prevent needlesticks and sharps injuries has been in place since 2001. Injury changes over time include differences between those from non-safety compared with safety-engineered medical devices. This research compares two US occupational incident surveillance systems to determine whether these data can be generalized to other facilities and other countries either with legislation in place or considering developing national policies for the prevention of sharps injuries among healthcare personnel...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
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