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Wakisa Simukonda, Patrick Manu, Abdul-Majeed Mahamadu, Krzysztof Dziekonski
PURPOSE: Whilst occupational safety and health (OSH) management is recognised as an important mechanism for addressing poor OSH performance, limited empirical insight is available on OSH management by construction companies in sub-Saharan Africa. This study investigated OSH management by construction companies (i.e. contractors) in Malawi in order to unpick implementation issues that need attention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 46 OSH management practices were probed through a survey of contractors...
May 30, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Tapani Tuomi, Henna Veijalainen, Tiina Santonen
Air concentrations of and inhalation exposure to total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) and benzene was monitored separately at two oil refineries from 1977 to 2014. Prevention policies and control measures that may explain changes were surveyed. The aim was to evaluate how the application of of Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series OHSAS 18001.04 principles as well as Environmental protection Agency EPA and European Oil Company Organisation for Environment, Health and Safety CONCAWE practices have influenced air concentrations...
January 24, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Abolfazl Ghahramani
The evaluation of safety performance in occupational health and safety assessment series (OHSAS) 18001-certified companies provides useful information about the quality of the management system. A certified organization should employ an adequate level of safety management and a positive safety culture to achieve a satisfactory safety performance. The present study conducted in six manufacturing companies: three OHSAS 18001-certified, and three non-certified to assess occupational health and safety (OHS) as well as OHSAS 18001 practices...
April 7, 2017: Industrial Health
Muraga R Foromo, Mary Chabeli, Mpho M Satekge
BACKGROUND: Despite the available research findings, recommendations and the South African Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) (Act 85 of 1993), there are still challenges with regard to the implementation of selected sections and regulations of the OHSA. This is evidenced by the occupational injuries and illness claims registered with the compensation fund (South Africa, Department of Labour 1993). OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which the OHSA was implemented at an academic hospital in Johannesburg, from the senior professional nurses and nursing managers' perspective, and to describe recommendations in order to facilitate the implementation of the Act...
September 28, 2016: Curationis
Aristide Merola, Alberto Romagnolo, Michela Rosso, José Ricardo Lopez-Castellanos, Benjamin D Wissel, Sydney Larkin, Andrea Bernardini, Maurizio Zibetti, Simona Maule, Leonardo Lopiano, Alberto J Espay
INTRODUCTION: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) may frequently be asymptomatic in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the relationship between symptomatic/asymptomatic status and functional disability remains unclear. METHODS: Using orthostatic blood pressure (BP) measurements and the Orthostatic Hypotension Symptom Assessment (OHSA) questionnaire, 121 consecutive PD patients without history of chronic hypertension and not taking alpha-adrenergic antagonists for bladder disorders were classified according to (1) OH symptomatic status, based on presence/absence of orthostatic symptoms (symptomatic OH: OHSA item 1 ≥ 1), and (2) OH severity, based on the magnitude of BP fall on the lying-to-standing test: OH- (<20/10 mmHg); moderate OH+ (≥20/10 mmHg but < 30/15 mmHg); and severe OH+ (≥30/15 mmHg)...
December 2016: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
Clément François, Gerald J Rowse, L Arthur Hewitt, Pamela Vo, Robert A Hauser
BACKGROUND: Droxidopa is an orally active prodrug that significantly improved dizziness/lightheadedness measured using the Orthostatic Hypotension Symptom Assessment (OHSA) Item 1 in patients with neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (nOH) caused by primary autonomic failure (Parkinson disease, multiple system atrophy, and pure autonomic failure), dopamine β-hydroxylase deficiency, or nondiabetic autonomic neuropathy. The efficacy and safety of droxidopa were assessed by determining the number needed to treat (NNT) and the number needed to harm (NNH)...
August 18, 2016: BMC Neurology
Darko Palačić
This article contains the results of research into the impact of implementation of the requirements mentioned in Standard No. OHSAS 18001:2007 to reduce the number of injuries at work and the financial costs incurred in this way. The study was conducted on a determined sample by a written questionnaire survey method in the Republic of Croatia. The objective of the empirical research is to determine the impact of implementation of the requirements of Standard No. OHSAS 18001:2007 to reduce the number of injuries at work and financial costs in Croatia in business organizations that implement these requirements...
June 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Dejana Dejanović, Milenko Heleta
Occupational health and safety represents a set of technical, medical, legal, psychological, pedagogical and other measures with the aim to detect and eliminate hazards that threaten the lives and health of employees. These measures should be applied in a systematic way. Therefore, the aim of this study is to review occupational health and safety legislation in Serbia and the requirements that airports should fulfill for Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series certification. Analyzing the specificity of airport activities and injuries as their outcomes, the article also proposes preventive measures for the health and safety of employees...
September 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Abolfazl Ghahramani
Many organizations worldwide have implemented Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series (OHSAS) 18001 in their premises because of the assumed positive effects of this standard on safety. Few studies have analyzed the effect of the safety climate in OHSAS 18001-certified organizations. This case-control study used a new safety climate questionnaire to evaluate three OHSAS 18001-certified and three non-certified manufacturing companies in Iran. Hierarchical regression indicated that the safety climate was influenced by OHSAS implementation and by safety training...
September 2016: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
Sunku Venkata Siva Rajaprasad, Pasupulati Venkata Chalapathi
BACKGROUND: Construction activity has made considerable breakthroughs in the past two decades on the back of increases in development activities, government policies, and public demand. At the same time, occupational health and safety issues have become a major concern to construction organizations. The unsatisfactory safety performance of the construction industry has always been highlighted since the safety management system is neglected area and not implemented systematically in Indian construction organizations...
September 2015: Safety and Health At Work
Joe-Steve Annan, Emmanuel K Addai, Samuel K Tulashie
Occupational health and safety (OHS) is a broad field of professional practice, which involves specialists from different disciplines including but not limited to engineers, occupational health physicians, physical and biological scientists, economists, and statisticians. The preventive systems required to ensure workers are protected from injuries and illnesses dwell heavily on engineers; however, the extent to which the engineer can go regarding planning and implementing preventive measures is dependent on specific legal requirements, leadership commitment from the company, organization, and nation...
June 2015: Safety and Health At Work
M Maciążek-Jurczyk, A Sułkowska, J Równicka-Zubik
Changes of oxidative modified albumin conformation by comparison of non-modified (HSA) and modified (oHSA) human serum albumin absorption spectra, Red Edge Excitation Shift (REES) effect and fluorescence synchronous spectra were investigated. Studies of absorption spectra indicated that changes in the value of absorbance associated with spectral changes in the region from 200 to 250nm involve structural alterations related to variations in peptide backbone conformation. Analysis of the REES effect allowed for the observation of changes caused by oxidation in the region of the hydrophobic pocket containing the tryptophanyl residue...
January 5, 2016: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Irene Thiede, Michael Thiede
BACKGROUND: This study is the first cost-benefit analysis (CBA) of occupational health and safety (OHS) in a low-income country. It focuses on one of the largest shipbuilding companies in Bangladesh, where globally recognised Occupational Health and Safety Advisory Services (OHSAS) 18001 certification was achieved in 2012. OBJECTIVES: The study examines the relative costs of implementing OHS measures against qualitative and quantifiable benefits of implementation in order to determine whether OHSAS measures are economically advantageous...
2015: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health
Robert A Hauser, Stuart Isaacson, Jerome P Lisk, L Arthur Hewitt, Gerry Rowse
Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension (nOH) results from failure of norepinephrine responses to postural change to maintain standing systolic blood pressure (s-SBP). Droxidopa is an oral prodrug of norepinephrine. Study nOH306 enrolled patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and symptomatic nOH. Subjects underwent up to 2 weeks of double-blind titration of droxidopa or placebo, followed by 8 weeks of double-blind maintenance treatment (100-600 mg thrice-daily). For the initial 51 subjects (study nOH306A, previously reported), the primary efficacy measure, Orthostatic Hypotension Questionnaire (OHQ) composite score, did not demonstrate significant change versus placebo at maintenance week 8...
April 15, 2015: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
M Maciążek-Jurczyk, A Sułkowska
Oxygen metabolism has an important role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced in the course of cellular oxidative phosphorylation and by activated phagocytic cells during oxidative bursts, exceed the physiological buffering capacity and result in oxidative stress. ROS result in oxidation of serum albumin, which causes a number of structural changes in the spatial structure, may influence the binding and cause significant drug interactions, particularly in polytherapy...
February 5, 2015: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Amin Yazdani, W Patrick Neumann, Daniel Imbeau, Philip Bigelow, Mark Pagell, Nancy Theberge, Margo Hilbrecht, Richard Wells
OBJECTIVES: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) are a major cause of pain, disability, and costs. Prevention of MSD at work is frequently described in terms of implementing an ergonomics program, often a participatory ergonomics (PE) program. Most other workplace injury prevention activities take place under the umbrella of a formal or informal occupational health and safety management system (OHSMS). This study assesses the similarities and differences between OHSMS and PE as such knowledge could help improve MSD prevention activities...
March 2015: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Miguel Valcárcel, Rafael Lucena
This paper describes the mutual impact of Analytical Chemistry and several international written standards (norms and guides) related to knowledge management (CEN-CWA 14924:2004), social responsibility (ISO 26000:2010), management of occupational health and safety (OHSAS 18001/2), environmental management (ISO 14001:2004), quality management systems (ISO 9001:2008) and requirements of the competence of testing and calibration laboratories (ISO 17025:2004). The intensity of this impact, based on a two-way influence, is quite different depending on the standard considered...
July 25, 2013: Analytica Chimica Acta
M Fusato
The report presents the experience in a steel company to improve the management of issues relating to health and safety of workers. The first part of the work focuses on the description of the interventions made by the company in recent years, which can be divided into technical interventions on production facilities, training and information, organizational activities and specific projects in collaboration with the health service. The second part presents the certification project according to OHSAS 18001, with particular focus on the efforts for a lean management of the documentation required by the management systems and for the automation of internal processes...
July 2012: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
F Pugliese, E Albini, O Serio, P Apostoli
The 81/2008 Act has defined a model of a health and safety management system that can contribute to prevent the occupational health and safety risks. We have developed the structure of a health and safety management system model and the necessary tools for its implementation in health care facilities. The realization of a model is structured in various phases: initial review, safety policy, planning, implementation, monitoring, management review and continuous improvement. Such a model, in continuous evolution, is based on the responsibilities of the different corporate characters and on an accurate analysis of risks and involved norms...
July 2011: Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro Ed Ergonomia
Agnaldo Fernando Vieira de Arruda, Leila Maral Gontijo
The underground mining activity is regarded as one of the activities that cause most accidents, deaths and illnesses in the world, highlighting the coal mines. This study examined how ergonomics principles can help improve this environment, reduce the number of accidents and occupational diseases, train and empower workers and leaders and humanize the activities of the duty cycle of an underground mine. For this, it was developed a conceptual model of safety managing and health at work for the underground mining through the incorporation of ergonomics principles in the Occupational Safety and Health Management System and OHSAS 18001 (2007)...
2012: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
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