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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892210/myoma-and-myomectomy-poor-evidence-concern-in-pregnancy
#1
REVIEW
Giusi Natalia Milazzo, Angelica Catalano, Valentina Badia, Maddalena Mallozzi, Donatella Caserta
AIM: Summarize the results of the many, but often underpowered, studies on pregnancy complicated by myoma or myomectomy. METHODS: Survey of the electronic PubMed database for the last two decades was conducted. We selected reviews, meta-analyses, case series, case reports, clinical studies only with statistical analysis, and guidelines from scientific societies. RESULTS: Delaying childbearing leads to an increased incidence of pregnancy complicated by fibroids or previous myomectomy...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887290/individual-feedback-to-reduce-inappropriate-antimicrobial-prescriptions-for-treating-acute-upper-respiratory-tract-infections-in-an-outpatient-setting-of-a-thai-university-hospital
#2
Pinyo Rattanaumpawan, Nuttagarn Chuenchom, Visanu Thamlikitkul
BACKGROUND: Excessive antimicrobial use for acute Upper Respiratory InfectionBackground Excessive antimicrobial use for acute Upper Respiratory Infections (URIs) is one of the most common problems in clinical practice. Interventions are needed to reduce antimicrobial overuse in these common infections.s (URIs) is one of the most common problems in clinical practice. Interventions are needed to reduce antimicrobial overuse in these common infections. METHODS: During a 9-month study period (June 2014-February 2015), we conducted a quasi-experimental (pre/post) study among internal medicine residents and fellows in an outpatient setting of Siriraj Hospital, Thailand...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866830/a-transportation-network-for-human-ovarian-tissue-is-indispensable-to-success-for-fertility-preservation
#3
REVIEW
K Kyono, T Hashimoto, M Toya, M Koizumi, C Sasaki, S Shibasaki, N Aono, Y Nakamura, R Obata, N Okuyama, Y Ogura, H Igarashi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of an ovarian tissue transportation network for fertility preservation (FP) for cancer patients in Japan. METHODS: PubMed was searched for papers on transportation of human ovarian tissue for FP. We analyzed population, area, number of cancer patients for ovarian tissue cryopreservation (OTC), quality control/assessment and safety, cost of a cryopreservation center for the building for 30 years, and medical fees of cancer patients (operation, cryopreservation, and storage of ovarian tissue)...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853524/-cerebral-palsy-at-the-age-of-modern-obstetrics-ancient-beliefs-versus-solid-facts
#4
Shali Mazaki-Tovi
For many decades the conventional wisdom was that the sole etiology for cerebral palsy is difficult delivery. The adverse outcome associated with cerebral palsy was intuitively related to complications during labor. The blame, unjustifiably and recklessly, was placed on devoted physicians and midwifes. This wrongful accusation, that one may describe as "scientific blood libel" is unprecedented in medicine. In his article, Professor Blickstein scrupulously revises the scientific evidence connecting birth asphyxia and cerebral palsy and refutes the common belief that the only cause for cerebral palsy is complicated delivery...
August 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810235/obesity-as-a-conditioning-factor-for-high-altitude-diseases
#5
Rocío San Martin, Julio Brito, Patricia Siques, Fabiola León-Velarde
Obesity, a worldwide epidemic, has become a major health burden because it is usually accompanied by an increased risk for insulin resistance, diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and even some kinds of cancer. It also results in associated increases in healthcare expenditures and labor and economic consequences. There are also other fields of medicine and biology where obesity or being overweight play a major role, such as high-altitude illnesses (acute mountain sickness, hypoxic pulmonary hypertension, and chronic mountain sickness), where an increasing relationship among these two morbid statuses has been demonstrated...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800808/legal-and-ethical-challenges-part-1-general-population
#6
REVIEW
Britta Ostermeyer, Anim N Shoaib, Swapna Deshpande
Several federal and state laws and regulations, as well as ethical medical principles, govern the emergency clinician's practice of care. Although some common legal-medical and ethical principles are shared with other medical specialties, emergency medicine and emergency psychiatry have unique legal and ethical challenges. This article presents and discusses these challenges, including the physician-patient relationship, malpractice, confidentiality and privilege, duty to report, decision-making capacity and vicarious decision-making, the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act, right to treatment, hospital admissions, involuntary commitment, forced medication administration, and child and elder abuse...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799705/the-process-of-intrapartum-care-among-skilled-birth-attendants-in-the-dominican-republic-and-maternal-perceptions-of-care-during-labor-and-birth-a-case-report
#7
Peter Schindler, Rosa Burgos, Kimberly Vuong, Hilary Aviela Lerner, Elsa Evangelista, Flor Josefina Rodriguez, Lourdes Peralta Polanco, Jennifer Foster
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization calls for situation analyses of maternity settings globally to improve maternal-newborn health. This study evaluated the care processes of skilled birth attendants and women's satisfaction with the care in a public hospital in the Dominican Republic. The purpose of the assessment was to establish a baseline to build quality improvements. METHODS: A cross-sectional, mixed-methods, observational study was conducted by an international team...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782502/hepatitis-c-in-pregnancy-screening-treatment-and-management
#8
Brenna L Hughes, Charlotte M Page, Jeffrey A Kuller
In the United States, 1-2.5% of pregnant women are infected with hepatitis C virus, which carries an approximately 5% risk of transmission from mother to infant. Hepatitis C virus can be transmitted to the infant in utero or during the peripartum period, and infection during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of adverse fetal outcomes, including fetal growth restriction and low birthweight. The purpose of this document is to discuss the current evidence regarding hepatitis C virus in pregnancy and to provide recommendations on screening, treatment, and management of this disease during pregnancy...
August 4, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782117/risk-factors-for-blood-transfusion-in-patients-undergoing-high-order-cesarean-delivery
#9
Jessica Spiegelman, Mirella Mourad, Stephanie Melka, Simi Gupta, Jennifer Lam-Rachlin, Andrei Rebarber, Daniel H Saltzman, Nathan S Fox
BACKGROUND: The objective was to identify risk factors associated with blood transfusion in patients undergoing high-order Cesarean delivery (CD). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing third or more CD by a single maternal-fetal medicine practice between 2005 and 2016. We compared risk factors between women who did and did not receive a red blood cell transfusion during the operation or before discharge. Repeat analysis was performed after excluding women with placenta previa...
August 7, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780659/preconception-counseling-for-women-with-cardiac-disease
#10
REVIEW
Mark A Clapp, Sarah N Bernstein
All providers who care for reproductive-aged women with cardiac disease should assess these patients' desires and plans for pregnancy at every encounter. For those considering pregnancy, preconception counseling, often performed by a maternal-fetal medicine specialist, can help patients understand the potential implications of pregnancy on their health and estimate the risks of an adverse cardiac event prior to conceiving. There are cardiac conditions, such as pulmonary hypertension and aortic stenosis, in which pregnancy may be contraindicated given the high morbidity and mortality; there are tools available to help quantify a patient's risk...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753544/effect-of-female-genital-cutting-performed-by-health-care-professionals-on-labor-complications-in-egyptian-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Wael F Saleh, Haitham A Torky, Mohamed A Youssef, Wael S Ragab, Mohamed A Sayed Ahmed, Ashraf Eldaly
AIM: To examine the effect of the degree of female genital cutting (FGC) performed by health-care professionals on perineal scarring; delivery mode; duration of second stage of labor; incidence of perineal tears and episiotomy in a cohort of uncircumcised versus circumcised (types I and II) women. METHODS: A prospective cohort study included 450 primigravida women in active labor attending the Faculty of Medicine Cairo University Hospital between January 2013 and August 2014...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729710/learning-a-health-knowledge-graph-from-electronic-medical-records
#12
Maya Rotmensch, Yoni Halpern, Abdulhakim Tlimat, Steven Horng, David Sontag
Demand for clinical decision support systems in medicine and self-diagnostic symptom checkers has substantially increased in recent years. Existing platforms rely on knowledge bases manually compiled through a labor-intensive process or automatically derived using simple pairwise statistics. This study explored an automated process to learn high quality knowledge bases linking diseases and symptoms directly from electronic medical records. Medical concepts were extracted from 273,174 de-identified patient records and maximum likelihood estimation of three probabilistic models was used to automatically construct knowledge graphs: logistic regression, naive Bayes classifier and a Bayesian network using noisy OR gates...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679454/the-cultural-evolution-of-shamanism
#13
Manvir Singh
Shamans, including medicine-men, mediums, and the prophets of religious movements, recur across human societies. Shamanism also existed among nearly all documented hunter-gatherers, likely characterized the religious lives of many ancestral humans, and is often proposed by anthropologists to be the "first profession", representing the first institutionalized division of labor beyond age and sex. This paper proposes a cultural evolutionary theory to explain why shamanism consistently develops, and in particular, (1) why shamanic traditions exhibit recurrent features around the world, (2) why shamanism professionalizes early, often in the absence of other specialization, and (3) how shifting social conditions affect the form or existence of shamanism...
July 6, 2017: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670545/gestational-weight-gain-and-pregnancy-outcomes-in-relation-to-body-mass-index-in-asian-indian-women
#14
Balaji Bhavadharini, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Mohan Deepa, Gopal Jayashree, Subramanyam Nrutya, Mahadevan Shobana, Belma Malanda, Arivudainambi Kayal, Anne Belton, Kurian Joseph, Kurian Rekha, Ram Uma, Viswanathan Mohan
AIM: The aim of the study was to compare the weight gain during pregnancy (using Institute of Medicine guidelines) among Asian Indians across different body mass index (BMI) categories (using World Health Organization Asia Pacific BMI cut points) and to compare the pregnancy outcomes in each of the different BMI categories. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective records of 2728 pregnant women attending antenatal clinics and private maternity centers in Chennai, South India, from January 2011 to January 2014 were studied...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665523/emotional-labor-and-professional-practice-in-sports-medicine-and-science
#15
Rebecca F Hings, Christopher R D Wagstaff, Richard C Thelwell, Sarah Gilmore, Valerie Anderson
The aim of the present study was to explore how sport medicine and science practitioners manage their emotions through emotional labor when engaging in professional practice in elite sport. To address the research aim a semi-structured interview design was adopted. Specifically, eighteen professional sport medicine and science staff provided interviews. The sample comprised sport and exercise psychologists (n = 6), strength and conditioning coaches (n = 5), physiotherapists (n = 5), one sports doctor and one generic sport scientist...
June 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651841/survey-of-nulliparous-parturients-attitudes-regarding-timing-of-epidural-analgesia-initiation
#16
Ghislaine C Echevarria, Gilbert J Grant, Yousun Chung, Jerome Lax
STUDY OBJECTIVE: At our hospital, although >90% of nulliparous parturients eventually choose epidural analgesia for labor, many delay its initiation, experiencing considerable pain in the interim. This survey probed parturients' views about the timing of initiation of epidural labor analgesia. DESIGN: Single-center, nonrandomized quantitative survey. SETTING: Labor and delivery suite in a large tertiary academic medical center. PATIENTS: Two hundred laboring nulliparous women admitted to the labor and delivery suite...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629455/an-investigation-of-the-relationship-between-autonomy-childbirth-practices-and-obstetric-fistula-among-women-in-rural-lilongwe-district-malawi
#17
Julika Ayla Kaplan, Jonathan Kandodo, Joseph Sclafani, Susan Raine, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Alison Norris, Abigail Norris-Turner, Elly Chemey, John Michael Beckham, Zara Khan, Reginald Chunda
BACKGROUND: Obstetric fistula is a childbirth injury caused by prolonged obstructed labor that results in destruction of the tissue wall between the vagina and bladder. Although obstetric fistula is directly caused by prolonged obstructed labor, many other factors indirectly increase fistula risk. Some research suggests that many women in rural Malawi have limited autonomy and decision-making power in their households. We hypothesize that women's limited autonomy may play a role in reinforcing childbirth practices that increase the risk of obstetric fistula in this setting by hindering access to emergency care and further prolonging obstructed labor...
June 19, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629273/the-association-between-maternal-race-and-adverse-outcomes-in-twin-pregnancies-with-similar-healthcare-access
#18
Marti D Soffer, Mariam Naqvi, Stephanie Melka, Aren Gottlieb, Julie Romero, Nathan S Fox
OBJECTIVE: To compare twin pregnancy outcomes between white and nonwhite women with similar access to healthcare. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of all twin pregnancies delivered by a single maternal-fetal medicine practice from 2005-2016. All patients had private health insurance and equal access to physician care. Outcomes were compared between white and nonwhite women using logistic regression to adjust for differences at baseline. RESULTS: Of the 858 women included, 730 (85...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629247/obstetric-practice-patterns-in-pregnancies-complicated-by-fetal-trisomy-13-or-18
#19
Sarah K Dotters-Katz, Marcela C Smid, Cora Mcelwain, Jeffrey A Kuller, Jay Schulkin
PURPOSE: Describe practice patterns among obstetrician/gynecologists (OB/GYNs) when caring for women with pregnancy complicated by fetal trisomy 13(T13) or 18(T18), and compare these between maternal-fetal-medicine (MFM) and non-MFM providers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted an electronic survey using the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists database. Using simple statistics, we describe demographics and practice patterns among respondents, and compare those of MFM practitioners with non-MFM providers...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625302/pharmacogenetics-in-obstetric-anesthesia
#20
REVIEW
Ruth Landau, Richard Smiley
The 21st century has been billed as the era of "precision/personalized medicine." Genetic investigation of clinical syndromes may guide therapy as well as reveal previously unknown biological or pharmacological pathways that may result in novel drug therapies. Several clinical issues in obstetrics and obstetric anesthesiology have been targets for genetic investigations. These include evaluation of the genetic effects on preterm labor and the progression of labor, spinal anesthesia-induced hypotension and the response to medications used to treat hypotension, and the effect of gene variants on pain and analgesic responses...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
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