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Health Literacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034727/examining-the-impacts-of-health-literacy-on-healthcare-costs-an-evidence-synthesis
#1
Rocco Palumbo
Scholars and practitioners share a significant concern about rising healthcare costs. Health literacy is widely presented as a solution to this momentous issue, paving the way for a more appropriate access to care and therefore, for cost savings. However, to date little is still known about the ultimate effects of better health literacy on healthcare costs. Drawing from the findings of a systematic literature review which ultimately involved 29 papers retrieved from Scopus-Elsevier and PubMed. This manuscript is aimed at shedding light on the relationship between health literacy and healthcare costs...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031503/assessing-dentists-human-papillomavirus-related-health-literacy-for-oropharyngeal-cancer-prevention
#2
Coralia Vázquez-Otero, Cheryl A Vamos, Erika L Thompson, Laura K Merrell, Stacey B Griner, Nolan S Kline, Frank A Catalanotto, Anna R Giuliano, Ellen M Daley
BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal cancers related to human papillomavirus (HPV) are on the rise. Dentists may be the next group of providers participating in the prevention of HPV. The aim of this study was to assess dentists' health literacy regarding the connection of HPV and oropharyngeal cancer. METHODS: The authors conducted 4 focus groups with dentists (N = 33) during a regional dental conference in 2016. Guided by the health literacy competencies (that is, access, understand, appraise, and apply), the authors used constant comparison methods for data analysis...
October 12, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029612/the-relative-efficiency-of-iranian-s-rural-traffic-police-a-three-stage-dea-model
#3
Habibollah Rahimi, Hamid Soori, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Seyed Abbas Motevalian, Adel Azar, Eskandar Momeni, Mehdi Javartani
BACKGROUND: Road traffic Injuries (RTIs) as a health problem imposes governments to implement different interventions. Target achievement in this issue required effective and efficient measures. Efficiency evaluation of traffic police as one of the responsible administrators is necessary for resource management. Therefore, this study conducted to measure Iran's rural traffic police efficiency. METHODS: This was an ecological study. To obtain pure efficiency score, three-stage DEA model was conducted with seven inputs and three output variables...
October 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028524/sleep-health-assessment-a-scale-validation
#4
Nathália Brandolim Becker, Rute Isabel Santos Martins, Saul de Neves Jesus, Roberto Chiodelli, Michael Stephen Rieber
Sleep health is a new and important concept. Considering the need to expand the research on sleep from the health perspective, this research proposes to validate a Sleep Health Scale (SHS) for use with the Portuguese adult population. A sample of 540 community-dwelling adults aged 18-90 years old was included. The SHS scores ranged from 0 to 30 with a mean of 19.09 (SD ± 6.49). The distribution indicated that all socio demographic variables (age, gender, and literacy) influenced sleep health. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) demonstrated one factor for this measurement model with poor indices (Chi-square (df) = 55...
October 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028243/new-challenges-of-public-health-bringing-the-future-of-personalised-healthcare-into-focus
#5
Walter Ricciardi, Stefania Boccia
The greater personalization of healthcare represents a driver of innovation for research, and for the healthcare systems and industries as a whole. Still policy-makers, healthcare professionals, citizens and private companies need to take some steps to realize the potential for such a radical shift. In this paper, we illustrate the challenges, the benefits and consequences that might accompany the implementation of personalized healthcare, and the steps that policy-makers and practitioners would need to take to realise its potential...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028233/ethics-in-public-health-call-for-shared-moral-public-health-literacy
#6
Els L M Maeckelberghe, Peter Schröder-Bäck
Public Health (PH) in Europe has become much more vocal about its moral understandings since 1992. The rising awareness that PH issues were inseparable from issues of human rights and social justice almost self-evidently directed the agenda of EUPHA and the European Public Health (EPH)-conferences. Problems of cultural and behavioural change, and environmental issues on a global scale were also added. The Section Ethics in PH invited the EPH community to join in 'arm chair thinking': coming together at conferences not only to share the 'how' and 'what' of PH research, practices and policies but also the 'why'...
October 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027479/understanding-barriers-to-literacy-promotion-among-new-jersey-general-pediatricians
#7
Julia Mayne, Shilpa Pai, Lesley Morrow, Daniel Lima, Manuel E Jimenez
Low literacy is associated with poor health. We sought to examine pediatricians' attitudes and practices regarding literacy promotion in early childhood. We distributed a self-administered 23-item survey to a random sample of 500 board certified or eligible New Jersey primary care pediatricians. 134 surveys were returned, 25 of which were excluded. In all, 91% of pediatricians in our sample agreed that literacy promotion was an essential aspect of practice, and two-thirds agreed that they conduct activities to promote literacy...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025357/fatherhood-in-australian-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-communities-an-examination-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-strengthen-the-male-parenting-role
#8
Lyndon Reilly, Susan Rees
Traditional Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander societies value men's role as parents; however, the importance of promoting fatherhood as a key social determinant of men's well-being has not been fully appreciated in Western medicine. To strengthen the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander male parenting role, it is vital to examine current barriers and opportunities. The first author (a male Aboriginal health project officer) conducted yarning sessions in three remote Australian communities, two being Aboriginal, the other having a high Aboriginal population...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022766/a-solution-focused-approach-to-understanding-patient-motivation-in-diabetes-self-management-gender-differences-and-implications-for-primary-care
#9
Tajudaullah Bhaloo, Michael Juma, Christine Criscuolo-Higgins
Objective Healthcare providers often neglect to recognize the role they play in motivating patients with diabetes to perform self-management. Our aims were to understand what motivates patients with diabetes to implement recommended self-management practices and understand the role of the primary care team in patient motivation. Methods We use a solution-focused qualitative approach, supplemented with a quantitative scale. We used a purposive sampling strategy to invite patients with uncontrolled diabetes. Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted and analyzed using content and thematic analysis...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022426/ignorance-is-bliss-women-s-knowledge-regarding-age-related-pregnancy-risks
#10
Michal Sheinis, Nicole Carpe, Shira Gold, Amanda Selk
Pregnancy risks rise with age and the average age of first time mothers is rising. This study aimed to assess women's actual knowledge and their perceived knowledge of pregnancy complications relating to advanced maternal age. A cross-sectional survey was administered to primiparous women measuring demographics, knowledge of age-related pregnancy risks, previous counselling and health literacy. Of the 218 women surveyed, the mean knowledge score was not significantly different for women <35 years of age compared to women ≥35 years of age (p = ...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021128/psychometric-properties-of-patient-facing-ehealth-evaluation-measures-systematic-review-and-analysis
#11
Bonnie J Wakefield, Carolyn L Turvey, Kim M Nazi, John E Holman, Timothy P Hogan, Stephanie L Shimada, Diana R Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Significant resources are being invested into eHealth technology to improve health care. Few resources have focused on evaluating the impact of use on patient outcomes A standardized set of metrics used across health systems and research will enable aggregation of data to inform improved implementation, clinical practice, and ultimately health outcomes associated with use of patient-facing eHealth technologies. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this project was to conduct a systematic review to (1) identify existing instruments for eHealth research and implementation evaluation from the patient's point of view, (2) characterize measurement components, and (3) assess psychometrics...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021009/optimizing-the-use-of-discharge-medication-lists-in-nursing-facilities
#12
Andrea C Backes, Patricia Cash, Jessica Jordan
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the need to optimize the use of discharge medication lists in nursing facilities. SETTING: In January 2014, the care transitions (CT) pharmacists at Frederick Memorial Hospital, Frederick, Maryland, began a pilot project in which they identified and followed high-risk patients transitioning from hospital to nursing facility and from nursing facility to home. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: This pilot project served as a needs assessment to identify opportunities to improve patients' transition from nursing facility to home with the goal of reducing hospital readmissions...
October 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020953/-layers-of-translation-evidence-literacy-in-public-health-practice-a-qualitative-secondary-analysis
#13
Wanda Martin, Joan Wharf Higgins, Bernadette Bernie Pauly, Marjorie MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Strengthening public health systems has been a concern in Canada in the wake of public health emergencies. In one Canadian province, British Columbia, a high priority has been placed on the role of evidence to guide decision making; however, there are numerous challenges to using evidence in practice. The National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools therefore developed the Evidence Informed Public Health Framework (EIPH), a seven step guide to assist public health practitioners to use evidence in practice...
October 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019961/the-role-of-the-social-network-in-access-to-psychosocial-services-for-migrant-elderly-a-qualitative-study
#14
Daphne Schoenmakers, Majda Lamkaddem, Jeanine Suurmond
Abstract:Background: Despite high prevalence of mental problems among elderly migrants in The Netherlands, the use of psychosocial care services by this group is low. Scientific evidence points at the crucial role of social support for mental health and the use of psychosocial services. We therefore explored the role of social networks in the access to psychosocial care among elderly migrants in The Netherlands. Methods: A qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured group interviews and individual interviews...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016895/the-accuracy-of-a-fibromyalgia-diagnosis-in-general-practice
#15
Rosalind Gittins, Molly Howard, Ameer Ghodke, Timothy J Ives, Paul Chelminski
Objective: To compare the characteristics of people with fibromyalgia (FM) with those with other forms of nonmalignant chronic pain. Design: A prospective cohort study conducted in a chronic pain management clinic within an academic medical center. Setting. : Many symptoms of the chronic pain syndrome FM are common to other pain or musculoskeletal syndromes. FM may be misdiagnosed by clinicians. Subjects: Thirty-three patients with a working diagnosis of FM were identified: 26 (78...
July 17, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992899/tailored-online-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-with-or-without-therapist-support-calls-to-target-psychological-distress-in-adults-receiving-haemodialysis-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Joanna L Hudson, Rona Moss-Morris, Sam Norton, Federica Picariello, David Game, Amy Carroll, Jonathan Spencer, Paul McCrone, Matthew Hotopf, Lucy Yardley, Joseph Chilcot
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is prevalent in haemodialysis (HD) patients yet access to psychotherapy remains limited. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of online cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) tailored for HD patients, with or without therapist support, for managing psychological distress. METHODS: This feasibility randomised controlled trial recruited patients from a UK HD centre. Following psychological distress screens, patients with mild-moderate psychological distress (Patient Health Questionnaire PHQ-9; score: 5-19 and/or Generalised Anxiety Disorder; GAD-7 score: 5-14) who met remaining inclusion criteria were approached for consent...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990667/the-%C3%A3-ndice-flesch-szigriszt-and-spanish-lexile-analyzer-to-evaluate-spanish-patient-education-materials-in-otolaryngology
#17
Samih J Nassif, Kevin Wong, Jessica R Levi
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Evaluate the reading difficulty of Spanish patient education materials using the validated Índice Flesch-Szigriszt (INFLESZ) and Spanish Lexile Analyzer, and to identify relationships between English and Spanish readability formulas. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. METHODS: All otolaryngology-related patient education articles written in Spanish from the health libraries of the top 10 US News & World Report-ranked hospitals, top 10 Doximity-ranked otolaryngology residencies, the American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery website, and the US National Library of Medicine online section on ears, nose and throat were collected...
October 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990637/qualitative-study-of-depression-literacy-among-korean-american-parents-of-adolescents
#18
Yoo Mi Jeong, Linda L McCreary, Tonda L Hughes
Lack of depression literacy is associated with low help-seeking behaviors for mental health care in adolescents. As parents generally determine adolescents' health care, ensuring parents can recognize depressive symptoms is crucial. The current study explored depression literacy among Korean American parents of adolescents ages 12 to 19 using a qualitative descriptive design. Semantic content analysis was performed using data from three focus group interviews conducted in 2015 with Korean American parents (10 mothers, four fathers) of adolescents...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985876/the-readability-of-psychosocial-wellness-patient-resources-improving-surgical-outcomes
#19
Meredith A Kugar, Adam C Cohen, William Wooden, Sunil S Tholpady, Michael W Chu
BACKGROUND: Patient education is increasingly accessed with online resources and is essential for patient satisfaction and clinical outcomes. The average American adult reads at a seventh grade level, and the National Institute of Health (NIH) and the American Medical Association (AMA) recommend that information be written at a sixth-grade reading level. Health literacy plays an important role in the disease course and outcomes of all patients, including those with depression and likely other psychiatric disorders, although this is an area in need of further study...
October 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983705/comparative-adherence-to-weekly-oral-and-quarterly-intravenous-bisphosphonates-among-patients-with-limited-heath-literacy-who-sustained-distal-radius-fractures
#20
Young Hak Roh, Jung Ho Noh, Hyun Sik Gong, Goo Hyun Baek
Individuals with limited health literacy (HL) are less likely to obtain preventive care. We designed a study to compare adherence to weekly oral and quarterly intravenous bisphosphonates among patients with low HL. The study enrolled a total of 432 female patients who presented with a distal radius fracture caused by low-energy trauma. Participant HL was measured using the Newest Vital Sign tool, and patients were randomized to weekly oral or quarterly intravenous bisphosphonate groups. Subjects in the intravenous bisphosphonate group received intravenous injections of 3 mg ibandronate every 3 months, and those in the oral bisphosphonate group self-administered 70 mg alendronate orally once each week for 12 months...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
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