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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340218/user-centered-design-of-discharge-warnings-tool-for-colorectal-surgery-patients
#1
Aanand D Naik, Molly J Horstman, Linda T Li, Michael K Paasche-Orlow, Bryan Campbell, Whitney L Mills, Levi I Herman, Daniel A Anaya, Barbara W Trautner, David H Berger
Objectives: Readmission following colorectal surgery, typically due to surgery-related complications, is common. Patient-centered discharge warnings may guide recognition of early complication signs after colorectal surgery. Materials and Methods: User-centered design of a discharge warnings tool consisted of iterative health literacy review and a heuristic evaluation with human factors and clinical experts as well as patient end users to establish content validity and usability...
March 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335758/what-s-wrong-with-john-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-mental-health-first-aid-mhfa-training-with-nursing-students
#2
Sharyn Burns, Gemma Crawford, Jonathan Hallett, Kristen Hunt, Hui Jun Chih, P J Matt Tilley
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of mental health problems have been found to be higher among university students compared to their non-student peers. Nursing students in particular face a range of additional stressors which may impact their undergraduate performance and their careers. Mental Health First Aid (MHFA) aims to increase mental health literacy and to reduce stigma and may positively impact on the student population. This paper describes a MHFA randomised controlled trial targeting nursing students at a large Australian university...
March 23, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334739/hiv-treatment-as-prevention-implications-for-health-promotion
#3
Sean Slavin
Evidence has been accumulating in recent years that individuals with HIV who are effectively treated with antiretroviral drugs are highly unlikely to transmit the virus to their sexual partners. This approach has great potential to contribute to ongoing prevention efforts and has been termed 'treatment as prevention'. International political momentum has been building in recent years to attempt to significantly reduce new HIV infections globally and end the epidemic by 2030. In pursuit of such aims a number of local health authorities and communities have adopted intensified 'test and treat' strategies to quickly diagnose infections and reduce the risk of onward transmission through an immediate offer of treatment...
October 8, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334652/does-educational-attainment-shape-reactions-to-genetic-risk-for-alzheimer-s-disease-results-from-a-national-survey-experiment
#4
Matthew A Andersson, Shana Kushner Gadarian, Rene Almeling
While higher education is associated with healthy lifestyles and health literacy, it remains unclear whether education shapes reactions to varying levels of genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this study, participants (N = 701) in the National Genetic Risk Survey Experiment (NGRISE) received a hypothetical genetic risk assessment for AD (ranging from 20 to 80% lifetime risk) and then completed items on their cognitive (perceived threat to health), emotional (general negative affect), and anticipated behavioral (seek information, improve health behaviors, engage in public or private civic action) reactions to this risk...
March 18, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334578/infant-sleep-problems-and-interventions-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Tiffany Field
Infant sleep problems have been the focus of a growing literature over the last few years. The current review is based on literature searches of Pubmed and PsycInfo for studies published over the last few years including randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews and meta-analyses on infant sleep problems and resulting developmental effected, risk factors and interventions. Several risk/protective factors for sleep problems have been identified including health literacy, TV in the room, feeding, close contact and arousing activities at bedtime, intolerance for infant crying, co-sleeping, maternal depression and infant temperament...
March 20, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333719/making-patients-partners-in-real-time-electronic-charting
#6
Stephanie D Drobny
This form of team charting builds trust with patients and improves health literacy.
April 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332324/randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-early-child-obesity-prevention-intervention-impacts-on-infant-tummy-time
#7
Rachel S Gross, Alan L Mendelsohn, H Shonna Yin, Suzy Tomopoulos, Michelle B Gross, Roberta Scheinmann, Mary Jo Messito
OBJECTIVE: To describe infant activity at 3 months old and to test the efficacy of a primary care-based child obesity prevention intervention on promoting infant activity in low-income Hispanic families. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial (n = 533) comparing a control group of mother-infant dyads receiving standard prenatal and pediatric primary care with an intervention group receiving "Starting Early," with individual nutrition counseling and nutrition and parenting support groups coordinated with prenatal and pediatric visits...
March 22, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329896/characterizing-literacy-and-cognitive-function-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum
#8
Lynn M Yee, Leslie A Kamel, Zara Quader, Priya V Rajan, Shaneah M Taylor, Rachel O'Conor, Michael S Wolf, Melissa A Simon
Objective The objective of this study was to characterize health literacy and cognitive function in a diverse cohort of pregnant women. Methods Pregnant and postpartum women underwent in-depth assessments of health literacy/numeracy and the cognitive domains of verbal ability, working memory, long-term memory, processing speed, and inductive reasoning. Differences by demographic characteristics and gestational age were assessed using chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression. Results In this cohort of pregnant (N = 77) or postpartum (N = 24) women, 41...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329840/a-multi-faceted-approach-to-promote-comprehension-of-online-health-information-among-older-adults
#9
Jessie Chin, Darcie D Moeller, Jessica Johnson, Elise A G Duwe, James F Graumlich, Michael D Murray, Daniel G Morrow
Purpose of the Study: Older adults' self-care often depends on understanding and utilizing health information. Inadequate health literacy among older adults poses a barrier to self-care because it hampers comprehension of this information, particularly when the information is not well-designed. Our goal was to improve comprehension of online health information among older adults with hypertension who varied in health literacy abilities. Design and Methods: We identified passages about hypertension self-care from credible websites (typical passages)...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329829/-end-of-life-care-i-m-not-going-to-worry-about-that-yet-health-literacy-gaps-and-end-of-life-planning-among-elderly-dialysis-patients
#10
Keren Ladin, Katie Buttafarro, Emily Hahn, Susan Koch-Weser, Daniel E Weiner
Purpose: Between 2000 and 2012, the incident dialysis population in the United States increased by nearly 60%, most sharply among adults 75 years and older. End-of-life (EOL) conversations among dialysis patients are associated with better patient-centered outcomes and lower use of aggressive interventions in the last month of life. This study examined how health literacy may affect engagement, comprehension, and satisfaction with EOL conversations among elderly dialysis patients. Design and Methods: Qualitative/descriptive study with semi-structured interviews about health literacy, EOL conversations, and goals of care with 31 elderly dialysis patients at 2 centers in Boston...
March 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329805/cognitive-function-in-low-income-and-low-literacy-settings-validation-of-the-tablet-based-oxford-cognitive-screen-in-the-health-and-aging-in-africa-a-longitudinal-study-of-an-indepth-community-in-south-africa-haalsi
#11
Glyn W Humphreys, Mihaela D Duta, Livia Montana, Nele Demeyere, Cathal McCrory, Julia Rohr, Kathleen Kahn, Stephen Tollman, Lisa Berkman
Objectives: 1. Assess validity of the Oxford Cognitive Screen (OCS-Plus), a domain-specific cognitive assessment designed for low-literacy settings, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC); 2. Advance theoretical contributions in cognitive neuroscience in domain-specific cognitive function and cognitive reserve, especially related to dementia. Method: In a cross-sectional study of a sample of 1,402 men and women aged 40-79 in the Health and Aging in Africa: A Longitudinal Study of an INDEPTH Community in South Africa (HAALSI), we administered OCS-Plus along with health and sociodemographic assessments...
October 21, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329466/healthcare-reform-literacy-among-academic-dermatologists-what-we-know-and-don-t-know-about-the-affordable-care-act
#12
Brian A Raphael, Suephy Chen, Benjamin Stoff
IMPORTANCE: There have been no attempts to determinethe understanding of the Affordable Care Act (ACA)among dermatologists. OBJECTIVE: Assess knowledgeof the ACA among academic dermatologists. DESIGN: A 21-item survey was administered to membersof the Association of Professors of Dermatology(APD). The items assessed knowledge and opinionsof the ACA, and demographics of the participants.Multivariate regressions were conducted todetermine associations between variables...
January 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327680/electronic-health-literacy-skills-among-medical-and-dental-interns-at-b-p-koirala-institute-of-health-sciences
#13
P K Pokharel, S S Budhathoki, H P Pokharel
BACKGROUND: Appropriate use of the available electronic resources is important for decision making in health. The use of electronic resources in health care is universal. The study measures the eHealth literacy skills among the medical and dental interns of the B P Koirala Institute of Health Sciences (BPKIHS), Nepal. METHODS: Self administered electronic Health Literacy Scale (eHEALS) was used to collect data from 125 medical and dental interns at BPKIHS. The interns represent immediate past medical student and soon to be professional doctor...
September 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325711/investigating-the-perceptions-of-care-coordinators-on-using-behavior-theory-based-mobile-health-technology-with-medicaid-populations-a-grounded-theory-study
#14
Brittany Erika Sigler
BACKGROUND: Medicaid populations are less engaged in their health care than the rest of the population, translating to worse health outcomes and increased health care costs. Since theory-based mobile health (mHealth) interventions have been shown to increase patient engagement, mobile phones may be an optimal strategy to reach this population. With increased development of theory-based mHealth technology, these interventions must now be evaluated with these medically underserved populations in a real-world setting...
March 21, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323611/the-role-of-universal-health-literacy-precautions-in-minimizing-medspeak-and-promoting-shared-decision-making
#15
Lara Killian, Margo Coletti
Shared decision making (SDM), a collaborative process whereby patients and professionals make health care decisions together, is a cornerstone of ethical patient care. The patient-clinician communication necessary to achieve SDM depends on many factors, not the least of which is a shared language (sometimes with the aid of a medical interpreter). However, even when a patient and clinician are speaking the same mother tongue, the use of medical jargon can pose a large and unnecessary barrier. This article discusses how health care professionals can use "universal health literacy precautions" as a legal, practical, and ethical means to enhance SDM and improve health care outcomes...
March 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323546/understanding-the-relationships-between-mhealth-apps-characteristics-trialability-and-mhealth-literacy
#16
Trisha T C Lin, John Robert Bautista
The widespread adoption of mobile phones has increased the potential of mHealth to improve health communication and health outcomes because these devices could serve as a ubiquitous and affordable means to disseminate health information to large populations. Given that mHealth apps offer free or limited trials as part of promotional strategies, potential users' trialability is a critical step of the preadoption process. Drawing from Rogers' diffusion of innovation theory, this study examines the relationships of adopters' perceived characteristics of mHealth apps (i...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320476/developing-and-evaluating-rare-disease-educational-materials-co-created-by-expert-clinicians-and-patients-the-paradigm-of-congenital-hypogonadotropic-hypogonadism
#17
Corin Badiu, Marco Bonomi, Ivan Borshchevsky, Martine Cools, Margarita Craen, Cristina Ghervan, Michael Hauschild, Eli Hershkovitz, Erik Hrabovszky, Anders Juul, Soo-Hyun Kim, Phillip Kumanov, Beatriz Lecumberri, Manuel C Lemos, Vassos Neocleous, Marek Niedziela, Sandra Pekic Djurdjevic, Luca Persani, Franziska Phan-Hug, Duarte Pignatelli, Nelly Pitteloud, Vera Popovic, Richard Quinton, Nicos Skordis, Neil Smith, Magdalena Avbelj Stefanija, Cheng Xu, Jacques Young, Andrew A Dwyer
BACKGROUND: Patients with rare diseases face health disparities and are often challenged to find accurate information about their condition. We aimed to use the best available evidence and community partnerships to produce patient education materials for congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (CHH) and the olfacto-genital (Kallmann) syndrome (i.e., CHH and defective sense of smell), and to evaluate end-user acceptability. Expert clinicians, researchers and patients co-created the materials in a multi-step process...
March 20, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304117/planning-focus-group-interviews-with-asylum-seekers-factors-related-to-the-researcher-interpreter-and-asylum-seekers
#18
Niina Eklöf, Maija Hupli, Helena Leino-Kilpi
The aim of this article was to discuss factors related to the researcher, interpreter and asylum seekers when planning focus group interviews with asylum seekers. Focus group interview is one of the basic data collection methods in descriptive nursing and health research. It has been used in multicultural research, allowing an opportunity to participate without literacy and to have linguistic and cultural support from other participants. Asylum seekers form a specific, vulnerable group, and the growing number of asylum seekers increases the need for research related to them...
March 17, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303441/association-between-health-literacy-and-hypertension-management-in-a-chinese-community-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Di Shi, Jiangbo Li, Yong Wang, Si Wang, Kai Liu, Rufeng Shi, Qiang Zhang, Xiaoping Chen
Low health literacy is associated with poor clinical outcomes. The relationship between literacy and blood pressure (BP) has been inconsistent. We investigated the determinants of health literacy and the potential relationship between health literacy and hypertension management. We conducted a retrospective cohort trial of 360 hypertensive patients. Scale measurements, physical examination, and laboratory tests were performed based on a standard protocol. To determine factors associated with health literacy, multiple logistic regression analysis was performed and the discriminatory power of the scale score for hypertension control was assessed by the area under the receiver operating curve...
March 16, 2017: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302545/identifying-female-community-health-volunteers-understanding-and-motivations-about-blood-pressure-control-a-prerequisite-for-developing-community-based-interventions-for-hypertension-in-nepal
#20
Dinesh Neupane, Craig S McLachlan, Shiva R Mishra, Per Kallestrup
BACKGROUND: Health literacy and attitudes of female community health volunteers (FCHV) toward hypertension management in the context of Nepal are not well understood. Therefore, it is important to explore the potential for the effectiveness for blood pressure screening and perceptions on their likely ability to promote a blood pressure reduction at community level. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to explore the knowledge and attitudes of FCHV related to hypertension prevention and control...
March 13, 2017: Global Heart
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