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Health Literacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667434/health-literacy-is-it-important-for-cardiovascular-disease-prevention
#1
Christian Albus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665952/community-engagement-for-paediatric-mdr-tb-clinical-trials-principles-to-support-ethical-trial-implementation
#2
G Hoddinott, S Staples, R Brown, M Simwinga, C Mubekapi-Musadaidzwa, A C Hesseling, G Hendricks, P De Koker, L McKenna
The paediatric tuberculosis (TB) prevention and treatment landscape is moving into a new and exciting era, with knowledge from clinical trials offering real benefit to children. Community engagement is key to optimising the success of these trials. However, the clinical profile, epidemiology and social perceptions for paediatric multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) complicate the operationalisation of this community engagement. We reflect on a diversity of recent experiences attempting to implement this type of research and the community engagement around it...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665241/the-effects-of-medication-adherence-and-health-literacy-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-people-with-hypertension
#3
Nam Hee Park, Mi Sook Song, So Young Shin, Ji-Hye Jeong, Hyo Young Lee
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effects of medication adherence and health literacy on health-related quality of life in vulnerable older people with hypertension. BACKGROUND: Health literacy is particularly critical for providing accurate information regarding correct medication intake to improve medication adherence. Additionally, health-related quality of life is directly related to impairment from chronic disease. DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional study design was used...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Older People Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664890/health-literacy-and-quality-of-physician-trauma-patient-communication-opportunity-for-improvement
#4
Jonathan L Dameworth, Jordan A Weinberg, Pamela W Goslar, Dana J Stout, Sharjeel Israr, Jordan V Jacobs, Thomas L Gillespie, Terrell M Thompson, Scott R Petersen
BACKGROUND: Although physician-patient communication and health literacy (HL) have been studied in diverse patient groups, there has been little focus on trauma patients. A quality improvement project was undertaken at our level 1 trauma center to improve patient perception of physician-patient communication, with consideration of the effect of HL. We report the first phase of this project, namely the reference level of satisfaction with physician-patient communication as measured by levels of interpersonal care among patients at an urban level 1 trauma center...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663619/new-directions-in-health-sciences-libraries-in-china
#5
Zhiyun Xie, Jianjing Zhang
This article briefly describes the services provided by Chinese health science libraries and the factors which influence service provision. Driven by new technologies and national initiatives, the key services delivered by Chinese health libraries in the last 10 years have been research support services (such as research impact assessment, support for data management), evidence-based medicine, systematic reviews, the promotion of health information literacy, and the development of institutional repositories...
April 16, 2018: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661747/patient-continued-use-of-online-health-care-communities-web-mining-of-patient-doctor-communication
#6
Bing Wu
BACKGROUND: In practice, online health communities have passed the adoption stage and reached the diffusion phase of development. In this phase, patients equipped with knowledge regarding the issues involved in health care are capable of switching between different communities to maximize their online health community activities. Online health communities employ doctors to answer patient questions, and high quality online health communities are more likely to be acknowledged by patients...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660383/dosage-form-modification-and-oral-drug-delivery-in-older-people
#7
Esther T L Lau, Kathryn J Steadman, Julie A Y Cichero, Lisa M Nissen
Many people cannot swallow whole tablets and capsules. The cause ranges from difficulties overriding the natural instinct to chew solids/foodstuff before swallowing, to a complex disorder of swallowing function affecting the ability to manage all food and fluid intake. Older people can experience swallowing difficulties because of co-morbidities, age-related physiological changes, and polypharmacy. To make medicines easier to swallow, many people will modify the medication dosage form e.g. split or crush tablets, and open capsules...
April 13, 2018: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659476/prospective-evaluation-of-low-health-literacy-and-its-impact-on-outcomes-in-trauma-patients
#8
Tianyi Swartz, Faisal Jehan, Andrew Tang, Lynn Gries, Muhammad Zeeshan, Narong Kulvatunyou, Mohammad Hamidi, Terence O'Keeffe, Bellal Joseph
INTRODUCTION: Health-literacy is emerging focus of interest in public health and is evolving as an important component of national health policy. Low-health-literacy (LHL) is associated with poor outcomes. We aimed to identify factors associated with LHL and its relationship with health outcomes in trauma patients. METHODS: We prospectively enrolled all adult trauma patients (age>18y) in our analysis. Patients were surveyed at discharge and followed up at 4-weeks post-discharge...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659021/absence-of-a-moderating-effect-of-parent-health-literacy-on-early-head-start-enrollment-and-dental-use
#9
Jacqueline M Burgette, John S Preisser, Morris Weinberger, Rebecca S King, Jessica Y Lee, R Gary Rozier
OBJECTIVES: To examine the moderating effect of parents' health literacy (HL) on the effectiveness of North Carolina Early Head Start (EHS) in improving children's dental use. METHODS: Parents of 479 children enrolled in EHS and 699 Medicaid-matched parent-child dyads were interviewed at baseline when children were approximately 10 months old and 24 months later. We used in-person computer-assisted, structured interviews to collect information on sociodemographic characteristics, dental use, and administer the Short Assessment of Health Literacy - Spanish and English (SAHL-S&E)...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658377/the-use-of-the-newest-vital-sign-health-literacy-instrument-in-adolescents-with-sickle-cell-disease
#10
Elizabeth Perry Caldwell, Patricia Carter, Heather Becker, Michael Mackert
The purpose of this article is to discuss the use of the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) health literacy instrument in adolescents with sickle cell disease. The NVS evaluates both literacy and numeracy (the ability to understand and work with numbers) as well as the ability to locate and apply information. It is important to validate the NVS for use in adolescents, as the only currently validated instrument, the Rapid Estimate of Adolescent Literacy in Medicine-Teen (REALM-Teen), does not measure numeracy or the ability to locate or apply information...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657861/assessing-usefulness-and-researcher-satisfaction-with-consent-form-templates
#11
Elaine L Larson, Alan Teller, Alejandra N Aguirre, Jhia Jackson, Dodi Meyer
Introduction: We aimed to improve the research consenting process by developing and evaluating simplified consent forms. Methods: Four templates written at the eighth-tenth grade reading level were developed and trialed by a group of experts in clinical research, health literacy, national regulatory requirements, and end users. Researchers from protocols which had received expedited review were surveyed at 2 time points regarding their use and assessment of the templates...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655499/genetic-testing-in-clinical-settings
#12
Nora Franceschini, Amber Frick, Jeffrey B Kopp
Genetic testing is used for screening, diagnosis, and prognosis of diseases consistent with a genetic cause and to guide drug therapy to improve drug efficacy and avoid adverse effects (pharmacogenomics). This In Practice review aims to inform about DNA-related genetic test availability, interpretation, and recommended clinical actions based on results using evidence from clinical guidelines, when available. We discuss challenges that limit the widespread use of genetic information in the clinical care setting, including a small number of actionable genetic variants with strong evidence of clinical validity and utility, and the need for improving the health literacy of health care providers and the public, including for direct-to-consumer tests...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655365/facilitators-of-community-participation-in-an-aboriginal-sexual-health-promotion-initiative
#13
Alana Hulme Chambers, Jane Tomnay, Kylie Stephens, Alan Crouch, Mary Whiteside, Pettina Love, Leonie McIntosh, Peter Waples Crowe
INTRODUCTION: Community participation is a collaborative process aimed at achieving community-identified outcomes. However, approaches to community participation within Aboriginal health promotion initiatives have been inconsistent and not well documented. Smart and Deadly was a community-led initiative to develop sexual health promotion resources with young Aboriginal people in regional Victoria, Australia. The principles of community-centred practice, authentic participatory processes and respect for the local cultural context guided the initiative...
April 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648962/communication-of-scientific-uncertainty-about-a-novel-pandemic-health-threat-ambiguity-aversion-and-its-mechanisms
#14
Paul K J Han, Brian J Zikmund-Fisher, Christine W Duarte, Megan Knaus, Adam Black, Aaron M Scherer, Angela Fagerlin
Communicating scientific uncertainty about public health threats is ethically desirable but challenging due to its tendency to promote avoidance of choice options with unknown probabilities-a phenomenon known as "ambiguity aversion." This study examined this phenomenon's potential magnitude, its responses to different communication strategies, and its mechanisms. In a factorial experiment, 2701 adult laypersons in Spain read one of three versions of a hypothetical newspaper article describing a pandemic vaccine-preventable disease (VPD), but varying in scientific uncertainty about VPD risk and vaccine effectiveness: No-Uncertainty, Uncertainty, and Normalized-Uncertainty (emphasizing its expected nature)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648593/validity-and-reliability-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-european-health-literacy-survey-questionnaire
#15
Filiz Abacigil, Hacer Harlak, Pinar Okyay, Didem Evci Kiraz, Selen Gursoy Turan, Gulnur Saruhan, Kagan Karakaya, Hakan Tuzun, Emine Baran Deniz, Omer Tontus, Erdal Beser
Health literacy is a public health priority which refers to individual's knowledge, motivation and competence to access, understand, appraise and apply health information to prevent disease and promote health in daily life. This study aimed to adapt European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire (HLS-EU-Q47) into Turkish and to investigate its psychometric properties. The questionnaire was translated into Turkish by using both group translation and expert opinion methods. Forward translation-back translation method was used for language validity and the final Turkish version (HLS-TR) was formed...
April 10, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642973/enhancing-health-literacy-through-co-design-development-of-culturally-appropriate-materials-on-genetic-risk-and-customary-consanguineous-marriage
#16
Parveen Azam Ali, Sarah Salway, Elizabeth Such, Andrew Dearden, Matt Willox
AimTo develop a simple health literacy intervention aimed at supporting informed reproductive choice among members of UK communities practising customary consanguineous marriage. BACKGROUND: The contribution of 'health literacy' to reducing health inequalities and improving primary health-care efficiency is increasingly recognised. Enhancing genetic literacy has received particular attention recently. Consanguineous marriage is customarily practised among some UK minority ethnic communities and carries some increased risk of recessive genetic disorders among offspring compared with unions among unrelated partners...
April 12, 2018: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629056/prediction-of-internet-addiction-based-on-information-literacy-among-students-of-iran-university-of-medical-sciences
#17
Mostafa Langarizadeh, Majid Naghipour, Seyed Mohsen Tabatabaei, Abbas Mirzaei, Mohammad Eslami Vaghar
Background: A considerable group of internet users consists of university users; however, despite internet benefits and capabilities, internet overuse is a threat to societies especially to young people and students. Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the predictive role of information literacy in internet addiction among students of Iran University of Medical Sciences during 2016. Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted in Iran University of Medical Sciences in 2016...
February 2018: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627703/suicide-literacy-predicts-the-provision-of-more-appropriate-support-to-people-experiencing-psychological-distress
#18
Tegan Cruwys, Soontae An, Melissa Xue-Ling Chang, Hannah Lee
Mental health literacy has been hailed as a public health priority to reduce stigma and increase help seeking. We examined the effect of suicide literacy on the type of help provided to those experiencing suicidal ideation. A community sample of 363 Australians were randomly assigned to read one of three messages from a member of their social network (the target). The target reported symptoms consistent with either (1) subclinical distress, (2) clinical depression, or (3) suicidal ideation. Participants were most likely to recommend social support and least likely to recommend professional help...
March 20, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625950/understanding-older-people-s-readiness-for-receiving-telehealth-mixed-method-study
#19
Cornelis Tm van Houwelingen, Roelof Ga Ettema, Michelangelo Gef Antonietti, Helianthe Sm Kort
BACKGROUND: The Dutch Ministry of Health has formulated ambitious goals concerning the use of telehealth, leading to subsequent changes compared with the current health care situation, in which 93% of care is delivered face-to-face. Since most care is delivered to older people, the prospect of telehealth raises the question of whether this population is ready for this new way of receiving care. To study this, we created a theoretical framework consisting of 6 factors associated with older people's intention to use technology...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625734/the-significance-of-digital-citizenship-in-the-well-being-of-older-migrants
#20
A Millard, L Baldassar, R Wilding
OBJECTIVES: To understand the increasingly important role of digital citizenship (the ability to participate in society online) in supporting the well-being of ageing migrants. STUDY DESIGN: Participant observation, social network mapping, ethnographic and life-history interviews. METHODS: Fifteen in-depth case studies examined the role of online participation in fostering the well-being and care of older migrants in Perth, Western Australia...
April 3, 2018: Public Health
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