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Health Literacy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103387/self-administered-health-literacy-instruments-for-people-with-diabetes-systematic-review-of-measurement-properties
#1
REVIEW
Eun-Hyun Lee, Chun-Ja Kim, Jiyeon Lee, Seung Hei Moon
AIMS: The aims of this study were to identify all available self-administered instruments measuring health literacy in people with diabetes and to determine the current instrument that is the most appropriate for applying to this population in both practice and research. DESIGN: A systematic review of measurement properties. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE and CINAHL electronic databases from their inception up to 28 March 28 2016. REVIEW METHOD: The methodological quality of each included study was assessed using the COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health Measurement INstruments checklist...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102617/feasibility-of-a-psychosis-information-intervention-to-improve-mental-health-literacy-for-professional-groups-in-contact-with-young-people
#2
Marie Sutton, Donal O'Keeffe, Timothy Frawley, Kevin Madigan, Felicity Fanning, Elizabeth Lawlor, Eric Roche, Aine Kelly, Niall Turner, Arielle Horenstein, Eadbhard O'Callaghan, Mary Clarke
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a psychosis information intervention for professionals in contact with young people in Ireland. A quasi-experimental pre- and post-intervention design was used. One thousand and thirty-two professionals received an information intervention designed to improve mental health literacy (MHL) and confidence in providing help to people with psychosis. Seven hundred and fifty-five participants completed the Psychosis Information and Confidence Questionnaire pre- and post-intervention...
January 19, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097747/a-literacy-sensitive-approach-to-improving-antibiotic-understanding-in-a-community-based-setting
#3
Crystal M David, Katherine S O'Neal, Michael J Miller, Jeremy L Johnson, Ann E Lloyd
OBJECTIVE: Antibiotic misuse contributes to antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections. Patient and prescriber knowledge and behaviors influence antibiotic use. Past research has focused on describing and influencing prescriber behavior with less attention to the patient role in antibiotic use. This study seeks to: (1) develop and deploy a program to enhance patient knowledge about antibiotic use; (2) evaluate whether providing patient education is associated with improvements in antibiotic knowledge in a community-based sample; and (3) explore whether health literacy may be associated with knowledge of appropriate antibiotic use...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096745/your-teaching-strategy-matters-how-engagement-impacts-application-in-health-information-literacy-instruction
#4
Heather A Johnson, Laura Barrett
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare two pedagogical methods, active learning and passive instruction, to determine which is more useful in helping students to achieve the learning outcomes in a one-hour research skills instructional session. METHODS: Two groups of high school students attended an instructional session to learn about consumer health resources and strategies to enhance their searching skills. The first group received passive instruction, and the second engaged in active learning...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096744/measuring-the-health-literacy-of-the-upper-midwest
#5
Caitlin J Bakker, Jonathan B Koffel, Nicole R Theis-Mahon
OBJECTIVES: Health literacy-the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic health information-is a major determinant of an individual's overall health and health care utilization. In this project, the authors examined predictors of health literacy levels, including numeracy and graphic literacy, among an adult population in the Upper Midwest. METHODS: The research was conducted at the Minnesota State Fair. Three previously validated scales were used to assess health literacy: Newest Vital Sign, the General Health Numeracy Test, and questions from Galesic and Garcia-Retamero's Graph Literacy Scale...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096068/perceived-and-performed-ehealth-literacy-survey-and-simulated-performance-test
#6
Efrat Neter, Esther Brainin
BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) literacy of consumers is essential in order to improve information and communication technology (ICT) use for health purposes by ordinary citizens. However, performed eHealth literacy is seldom studied. Therefore, the present study assessed perceived and performed eHealth literacy using the recent conceptualization of health literacy skills. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to examine the association between perceived and performed eHealth literacies...
January 17, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096029/nurses-perspectives-of-a-new-individualized-nursing-care-intervention-for-copd-patients-in-primary-care-settings-a-mixed-method-study
#7
Saskia W M Weldam, Jan-Willem J Lammers, Marieke Zwakman, Marieke J Schuurmans
BACKGROUND: The major challenges in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) care are guiding a patient in daily living with the consequences of the disease, reducing the impact of symptoms and improving Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL). The new nurse-led COPD-Guidance, Research on an Illness Perception (COPD-GRIP) intervention translates the evidence concerning illness perceptions and Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) into a practice nurse intervention. The aim is to explore the nurses' experiences with applying the new COPD-GRIP intervention...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095844/barriers-and-facilitators-of-help-seeking-among-unemployed-persons-with-mental-health-problems-a-qualitative-study
#8
Tobias Staiger, Tamara Waldmann, Nicolas Rüsch, Silvia Krumm
BACKGROUND: Unemployed people with mental health problems often do not use mental health services and therefore do not benefit from available therapies. As unemployed individuals outside the healthcare system are a hard-to-reach group, barriers to and facilitators of mental health service use are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to identify barriers to and facilitators of help-seeking and service use based on experiences of unemployed people with mental health problems...
January 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095726/male-professional-footballers-experiences-of-mental-health-difficulties-and-help-seeking
#9
Susan Wood, Lesley K Harrison, Jo Kucharska
OBJECTIVES: Male professional footballers (Soccer) represent an at-risk population of developing mental health difficulties and not accessing professional support. One in four current footballers report mental health difficulties. Higher prevalence is reported after retirement. This qualitative study aimed to provide in-depth insight into male professional footballers' lived experiences of mental health difficulties and help-seeking. METHODS: Seven participants were interviewed...
January 18, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094559/sweet-temptations-how-does-reading-a-fotonovela-about-diabetes-affect-dutch-adults-with-different-levels-of-literacy
#10
Ruth Koops van 't Jagt, John C J Hoeks, Evelien Duizer, Melvin Baron, Gregory B Molina, Jennifer B Unger, Carel J M Jansen
Recent studies suggest that health-related fotonovelas-booklets that portray a dramatic story using photographs and captions-may be effective health communication tools, especially for readers with a low level of literacy. In this experiment, effects on knowledge and behavioral intentions were assessed of a fotonovela originally developed for a Latin-American audience. Dutch readers from a low literacy group (N = 89) and a high literacy group (N = 113) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: a fotonovela condition (all captions translated into Dutch), a traditional brochure condition (also in Dutch), and a control condition...
January 17, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093465/neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-high-school-performance
#11
Ju Lee Oei, Edward Melhuish, Hannah Uebel, Nadin Azzam, Courtney Breen, Lucinda Burns, Lisa Hilder, Barbara Bajuk, Mohamed E Abdel-Latif, Meredith Ward, John M Feller, Janet Falconer, Sara Clews, John Eastwood, Annie Li, Ian M Wright
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known of the long-term, including school, outcomes of children diagnosed with Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) (International Statistical Classification of Disease and Related Problems [10th Edition], Australian Modification, P96.1). METHODS: Linked analysis of health and curriculum-based test data for all children born in the state of New South Wales (NSW), Australia, between 2000 and 2006. Children with NAS (n = 2234) were compared with a control group matched for gestation, socioeconomic status, and gender (n = 4330, control) and with other NSW children (n = 598 265, population) for results on the National Assessment Program: Literacy and Numeracy, in grades 3, 5, and 7...
January 16, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093428/exploring-health-literacy-competencies-towards-patient-education-programme-for-chinese-speaking-healthcare-professionals-a-delphi-study
#12
Li-Chun Chang, Yu-Chi Chen, Fei Ling Wu, Li-Ling Liao
OBJECTIVES: To achieve consensus on a set of competencies in health literacy practice based on a literature review and expert consultation. SETTING: Hospitals and community health centres in Taiwan. METHOD: A 2-stage modified Delphi study involving a literature review was conducted, followed by qualitative interviews and 3 rounds of email-based data collection over a 3-month period in 2011. PARTICIPANTS: 15 Chinese healthcare practitioners with more than 6 months' experience in patient education were interviewed to collect data on health literacy practice...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093057/if-it-works-for-pills-can-it-work-for-skills-direct-to-consumer-social-marketing-of-evidence-based-psychological-treatments
#13
Robert D Friedberg, Hasan Bayar
The emergence of evidence-based psychological treatments (EVPTs) is a scientific success story, but unfortunately the application of these empirically supported procedures has been slow to gain ground in treatment-as-usual settings. This Open Forum commentary argues that direct-to-consumer (DTC) marketing, which has worked well in communicating the advantages of various medicines, should perhaps be considered for use in social marketing of EVPTs. DTC marketing of pharmaceuticals is a long-standing advertising strategy in the United States...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093024/reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-dentistry-treald-30
#14
Kadriye Peker, Taha Emre Köse, Beliz Güray, Ömer Uysal, Tamer Lütfi Erdem
OBJECTIVE: To culturally adapt the Turkish version of Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (TREALD-30) for Turkish-speaking adult dental patients and to evaluate its psychometric properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After translation and cross-cultural adaptation, TREALD-30 was tested in a sample of 127 adult patients who attended a dental school clinic in Istanbul. Data were collected through clinical examinations and self-completed questionnaires, including TREALD-30, the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP), the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM), two health literacy screening questions, and socio-behavioral characteristics...
January 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092969/problem-internet-use-and-internet-gaming-disorder-a-survey-of-health-literacy-among-psychiatrists-from-australia-and-new-zealand
#15
Pravin Dullur, Phillipa Hay
OBJECTIVES: Research is limited on psychiatrists' opinions on the concepts of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) and Problematic Internet Use (PIU). We aimed to assess health literacy among psychiatrists on IGD/PIU. METHODS: A self-report survey was administered online to members of the Royal Australia and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP) ( n=289). RESULTS: The majority (93.7%) were familiar with the concepts of IGD/PIU. The majority (78...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090667/children-and-young-people-s-conceptualizations-of-depression-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-meta-synthesis
#16
REVIEW
N Georgakakou-Koutsonikou, J M Williams
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing research interest in conceptualizations of mental illness, examined in association with help-seeking, stigma and treatment preferences. A recent focus on young people's concepts has been identified, with depression being one of the most examined conditions. METHODS: The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize evidence on children and adolescents' conceptualizations of depression, adopting the model of illness representations...
January 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090401/insights-in-public-health-challenges-investigating-health-outcomes-in-chinese-americans-using-population-based-survey-data
#17
Michelle Tong, Tetine Sentell
Chinese Americans constitute the largest percentage of Asian Americans. In Hawai'i, Chinese Americans make up approximately 4.7% of the total state population. Accurately assessing health disparities across specific Asian American subgroups is critically important to health research and policy, as there is often substantial variability in risk and outcomes. However, even for Chinese Americans, the largest of the Asian American subgroups, such analyses can present challenges in population-based surveys. This article considers these challenges generally and then specifically in terms of the issue of health literacy and heart disease in Chinese Americans using existing population-based survey data sets in the United States, California, and Hawai'i...
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089217/the-impact-of-inadequate-health-literacy-on-patient-satisfaction-healthcare-utilization-and-expenditures-among-older-adults
#18
Stephanie MacLeod, Shirley Musich, Stephen Gulyas, Yan Cheng, Rifky Tkatch, Diane Cempellin, Gandhi R Bhattarai, Kevin Hawkins, Charlotte S Yeh
Inadequate health literacy (HL) is associated with impaired healthcare choices leading to poor quality-of-care. Our primary purpose was to estimate the prevalence of inadequate HL among two populations of AARP(®) Medicare Supplement insureds: sicker and healthier populations; to identify characteristics of inadequate HL; and to describe the impact on patient satisfaction, preventive services, healthcare utilization, and expenditures. Surveys were mailed to insureds in 10 states. Multivariate regression models were used to identify characteristics and adjust outcomes...
January 11, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086861/managing-shades-of-grey-a-focus-group-study-exploring-community-dwellers-views-on-advance-care-planning-in-older-people
#19
Natasha Michael, Clare O'Callaghan, Emma Sayers
BACKGROUND: Community-dwelling consumers of healthcare are increasing, many aging with life-limiting conditions and deteriorating cognition. However, few have had advance care planning discussions or completed documentation to ensure future care preferences are acted upon. This study examines the awareness, attitudes, and experiences of advance care planning amongst older people and unrelated offspring/caregivers of older people residing in the community. METHODS: Qualitative descriptive research, which included focus groups with older people (55+ years) and older people's offspring/caregivers living in an Australian city and surrounding rural region...
January 13, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079917/did-you-know-medicare-does-not-usually-include-a-dental-benefit-findings-from-a-multisite-investigation-of-oral-health-literacy
#20
Mark D Macek, Kathryn A Atchison, William Wells, Don Haynes, Ruth M Parker, Haiyan Chen
OBJECTIVES: Medicare does not usually include a dental benefit. Adults who are unaware of this fact risk unanticipated expenses after retirement. This report will explore the sociodemographic and oral health literacy determinants of this knowledge. METHODS: Data came from the Multi-Site Oral Health Literacy Research Study, a survey of patients presenting to two university dental clinics. Sociodemographic descriptors included age, sex, race/ethnicity, education level, and dental insurance status...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
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