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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666967/health-maintenance-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
REVIEW
Fazia A Mir, Sunanda V Kane
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are not receiving preventative care services at the same rate as the general population. IBD patients are at increased risk for infections, osteoporosis, and certain malignancies secondary to their disease and as they are on immunosuppressive therapy. They are a younger population and often times consider their gastroenterologist as their primary care physician. In this review, we discuss up-to-date evidence pertaining to vaccine-preventable illnesses in the immunosuppressed IBD patient, screening for bone health, cervical cancer, skin malignancies, psychological wellbeing, and smoking cessation...
April 17, 2018: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665727/changes-in-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-rates-among-children-with-immune-compromised-conditions-an-11-year-review
#2
Lauri A Linder, Cheryl Gerdy, Yeonjung Jo, Andrew Wilson
This article describes changes in central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) rates among common causative organisms over an 11-year period on a pediatric inpatient unit prior to and following CLABSI reduction strategies. The setting for this descriptive cohort design study was a 32-bed inpatient unit in a tertiary pediatric hospital serving children with immune compromised conditions, including cancer and recipients of hematopoietic stem cell and solid organ transplants. Between January 2006 and December 2016, 265 CLABSIs involving 189 patients were reported...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663516/a-2-year-prospective-study-of-single-implant-mandibular-overdentures-patient-reported-outcomes-and-prosthodontic-events
#3
Túlio Eduardo Nogueira, Fernanda Maria Oliveira Aguiar, Bento Alves de Barcelos, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles
OBJECTIVE: This prospective clinical trial aimed to assess clinical and patient-reported outcomes of the single-implant mandibular overdenture treatment (SIMO) after a 2-year follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An external hexagon implant was inserted in the mandibular midline of 45 complete denture wearers. Participants had a mean age of 63.4 (SD = 8.3), and 75.6% were female. Based on the primary stability of the implant, immediate loading was performed in 38 patients (84...
April 16, 2018: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652025/chronic-periodontitis-prevalence-and-the-inflammatory-burden-in-a-sample-population-from-south-india
#4
S K Balaji, Vamsi Lavu, Suresh Rao
Context: Periodontal diseases are among the most prevalent oral diseases in the world. Apart from repercussions in the oral cavity, there is evidence that periodontitis contributes to systemic damage in chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and preterm low birth weight. Aims: The aims of this study were to estimate the prevalence of chronic periodontitis in a sample urban population (<18 years) in Tamil Nadu and to estimate the inflammatory burden posed by chronic periodontitis by calculating the periodontal inflammatory surface area...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649931/self-management-in-liver-transplant-recipients-a-narrative-review
#5
Dami Ko, Rebecca J Muehrer, Lisa C Bratzke
INTRODUCTION: Although self-management is essential for liver transplant recipients, there is no review that has synthesized findings related to self-management in this population. OBJECTIVE: This narrative review aimed to synthesize the current findings and identify the gaps in knowledge about self-management in liver recipients. METHODS: A search of PubMed, CINAHL Plus, PsychINFO, ProQuest, and Web of Science was conducted using the following terms: [Self-care OR Self-management OR Health behavior] AND [Liver transplantation]...
January 1, 2018: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644927/disease-specific-clinical-pathways-are-they-feasible-in-primary-care-a-mixed-methods-study
#6
Anders Grimsmo, Audhild Løhre, Tove Røsstad, Ingunn Gjerde, Ina Heiberg, Aslak Steinsbekk
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility of disease-specific clinical pathways when used in primary care. DESIGN: A mixed-method sequential exploratory design was used. First, merging and exploring quality interview data across two cases of collaboration between the specialist care and primary care on the introduction of clinical pathways for four selected chronic diseases. Secondly, using quantitative data covering a population of 214,700 to validate and test hypothesis derived from the qualitative findings...
April 12, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643529/-retrospective-study-of-dental-treatment-under-general-anesthesia-of-62-disabled-children-and-adolescents
#7
N Wang, Y M Zhao
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively figure out the oral health status, treatment and follow-ups after dental treatment under general anesthesia (DGA) of disabled children or adolescents. METHODS: Clinical data of disabled children or adolescents and normal children as control received DGA in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from August 2008 to September 2015 were recorded, including: gender, birth date, treatment date, disability type, oral health status before treatment, treatment content and follow-ups (in 1 year)...
April 18, 2018: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643501/prostate-cancer-and-social-media
#8
REVIEW
Stacy Loeb, Matthew S Katz, Aisha Langford, Nataliya Byrne, Shannon Ciprut
The use of social media is increasing globally and is employed in a variety of ways in the prostate cancer community. In addition to their use in research, advocacy, and awareness campaigns, social media offer vast opportunities for education and networking for patients with prostate cancer and health-care professionals, and many educational resources and support networks are available to patients with prostate cancer and their caregivers. Despite the considerable potential for social media to be employed in the field of prostate cancer, concerns remain - particularly regarding the maintenance of patient confidentiality, variable information quality, and possible financial conflicts of interest...
April 11, 2018: Nature Reviews. Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642707/an-integrated-motivational-interviewing-and-cognitive-behavioural-intervention-promoting-physical-activity-maintenance-for-adults-with-chronic-health-conditions-a-feasibility-study
#9
Sarah E Scott, Jeff D Breckon, Robert J Copeland
Objectives Physical activity is recommended for managing chronic health conditions but is rarely maintained. This feasibility study aimed to evaluate the preliminary efficacy of a motivational interviewing and cognitive-behavioural intervention for long-term physical activity for adults with chronic health conditions. Methods Participants ( N = 37) with stable conditions (e.g. diabetes) were randomized into a three-month motivational interviewing and cognitive-behavioural group ( N = 20) or usual care ( N = 17) after completing a physical activity referral scheme...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629841/self-efficacy-and-planning-strategies-can-improve-physical-activity-levels-in-women-with-a-recent-history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#10
Janani Pinidiyapathirage, Rohan Jayasuriya, N Wah Cheung, Ralf Schwarzer
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity can reduce the risk of developing diabetes in high risk populations including in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). This study applied the Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) to determine the motivational and volitional factors important in increasing physical activity among women with previous GDM. METHODS: Women with GDM receiving obstetric care at a teaching hospital in Sri Lanka were invited to participate in a survey 6-36 months post-delivery...
April 9, 2018: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626368/patient-centred-value-framework-for-haemophilia
#11
B O'Mahony, G Dolan, D Nugent, C Goodman
INTRODUCTION: Growing budgetary demands have led to increased scrutiny of healthcare spending for rare diseases, leading to a unified goal within the haemophilia community to define objectively patient-centred value in haemophilia care. AIM: To develop a patient-centred outcomes framework with global applicability for assessing value in haemophilia healthcare. METHODS: An international, multidisciplinary panel of experts convened to identify the range of patient impacts of haemophilia health care and organize these into a three-tiered, patient-centred outcomes framework based on Porter's model for assessing value...
April 6, 2018: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625762/effectiveness-of-preventive-cognitive-therapy-while-tapering-antidepressants-versus-maintenance-antidepressant-treatment-versus-their-combination-in-prevention-of-depressive-relapse-or-recurrence-drd-study-a-three-group-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Claudi L H Bockting, Nicola S Klein, Hermien J Elgersma, Gerard D van Rijsbergen, Christien Slofstra, Johan Ormel, Erik Buskens, Jack Dekker, Peter J de Jong, Willem A Nolen, Aart H Schene, Steven D Hollon, Huibert Burger
BACKGROUND: Keeping individuals on antidepressants after remission or recovery of major depressive disorder is a common strategy to prevent relapse or recurrence. Preventive cognitive therapy (PCT) has been proposed as an alternative to maintenance antidepressant treatment, but whether its addition would allow tapering of antidepressants or enhance the efficacy of maintenance antidepressant treatment is unclear. We aimed to compare the effectiveness of antidepressants alone, with PCT while tapering off antidepressants, or PCT added to antidepressants in the prevention of relapse and recurrence...
April 3, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625734/the-significance-of-digital-citizenship-in-the-well-being-of-older-migrants
#13
A Millard, L Baldassar, R Wilding
OBJECTIVES: To understand the increasingly important role of digital citizenship (the ability to participate in society online) in supporting the well-being of ageing migrants. STUDY DESIGN: Participant observation, social network mapping, ethnographic and life-history interviews. METHODS: Fifteen in-depth case studies examined the role of online participation in fostering the well-being and care of older migrants in Perth, Western Australia...
April 3, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617926/translational-science-matters-forging-partnerships-between-biomedical-and-behavioral-science-to-advance-the-public-s-health
#14
George A Mensah, Susan M Czajkowski
The prevention and effective treatment of many chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes are dependent on behaviors such as not smoking, adopting a physically-active lifestyle, eating a healthy diet, and adhering to prescribed medical and behavioral regimens. Yet adoption and maintenance of these behaviors pose major challenges for individuals, their families and communities, as well as clinicians and health care systems. These challenges can best be met through the integration of the biomedical and behavioral sciences that is achieved by the formation of strategic partnerships between researchers and practitioners in these disciplines to address pressing clinical and public health problems...
March 29, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609840/-persistent-asthma-chronic-therapy-quantitative-compliance-in-daily-practice
#15
P Devillier, C Ghasarossian, P Terrioux, M Schiratti, E Leutenegger
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to assess, compliance with maintenance treatment in patients with persistent asthma in clinical practice. METHODS: This observational, cross-sectional, prospective, multicenter study was conducted in metropolitan France on patients with persistent asthma under the care of a representative sample of general practitioners and pneumologists. Compliance was determined via access to the Health Insurance database allowing comparison between the actual consumption of medications and the corresponding theoretical consumption related to prescription...
March 30, 2018: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607834/knowledge-attitude-and-behavior-of-nurses-toward-delivery-of-primary-oral-health-care-in-dakshina-kannada-india
#16
Faraz Ahmed, Arathi Rao, Ramya Shenoy, B S Suprabha
Majority of young children in many countries do not visit dental clinics for examinations before the age of three though they frequently visit primary health care providers for routine medical check-ups. Nurses are easily accessible and are in frequent contact with waiting mothers and children for routine check-ups and this provides an opportunity to integrate oral health promotion and care into health care. The purpose of this study was thus to study the knowledge, attitude and behaviour towards oral health care among nurses...
January 2018: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603696/dentition-status-and-treatment-needs-among-women-involved-in-sex-work-as-a-profession-in-the-red-light-district-of-pune-maharashtra-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arun K Acharya, Tejaswi Sevekari, Shanthi Margabandhu, Divya Rupawat, Rehan Khan, Mandakini Desale
INTRODUCTION: The overall rehabilitation of women in sex work is unfortunately limited most of the time only to moving them to another profession, but it should be focused on including health as an important factor. Factors that restrict regular dental care include misconceptions, dental fear and expense of dental care, unpleasant dental experiences, and socioeconomic factors, but such a direct correlation cannot be made in the case of such women. Until now, no study has been conducted related to the complete dentition status and treatment needs of women in sex work...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601424/an-acuity-tool-for-heart-failure-case-management-quantifying-workload-service-utilization-and-disease-severity
#18
Matthew D Kilgore
PURPOSE: The cardiology service line director at a health maintenance organization (HMO) in Washington State required a valid, reliable, and practical means for measuring workloads and other productivity factors for six heart failure (HF) registered nurse case managers located across three geographical regions. The Kilgore Heart Failure Case Management (KHFCM) Acuity Tool was systematically designed, developed, and validated to measure workload as a dependent function of the number of heart failure case management (HFCM) services rendered and the duration of times spent on various care duties...
May 2018: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601303/the-opioid-epidemic-and-pregnancy-implications-for-anesthetic-care
#19
Britany L Raymond, Bradley T Kook, Michael G Richardson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes evolving knowledge regarding adverse maternal, fetal, and neonatal effects of opioid exposure during pregnancy, and current treatment options for opioid use disorder (OUD). Maternal and fetal implications of maternal opioid maintenance with methadone and buprenorphine are described. Finally, acute and chronic pain management strategies in opioid-tolerant parturients are reviewed. RECENT FINDINGS: Opioid use among parturients has risen dramatically, with opioid use during pregnancy as high as 20%...
March 29, 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599697/links-between-the-prophet-muhammad-pbuh-recommended-foods-and-disease-management-a-review-in-the-light-of-modern-superfoods
#20
REVIEW
Sharique A Ali, Naima Parveen, Ayesha S Ali
Nutrition and other bioactive natural products present in specific foods within a balanced diet play an indispensable role in maintaining and promoting human health. Plants are rich sources of a balanced nutrition because of high content of bioactive products; hence, most of them recently have acquired the status of superfoods. It has been used since ancient times for the treatment of various ailments, and these traditional medicines still remain as one of the most affordable and easily accessible sources of treatment in the primary health-care system...
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
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