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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092169/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-management-of-acute-skin-trauma
#1
Joel W Beam, Bernadette Buckley, William R Holcomb, Mario Ciocca
OBJECTIVE:   To present recommendations for the cleansing, debridement, dressing, and monitoring of acute skin trauma in patients. BACKGROUND:   Acute skin trauma is common during participation in athletic and recreational activities. Clinical decisions and intervention protocols after injury vary among athletic trainers and are often based on ritualistic practices. An understanding of cleansing, debridement, and dressing techniques; clinical features of infection and adverse reactions; and monitoring of acute skin trauma is critical for certified athletic trainers and other allied health and medical professionals to create a local wound environment that promotes healing and lessens the risk of complications...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090141/do-maximal-aerobic-power-and-blood-lactate-concentration-affect-specific-judo-fitness-test-performance-in-female-judo-athletes
#2
H Garbouj, M A Selmi, R Haj Sassi, M Haj Yahmed, K Chamari, A Chaouachi
The Special Judo Fitness Test (SJFT) has become the test most widely used by coaches and physical trainers for assessment of competitors' judo-specific physical aptitude and training programme prescription. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the SJFT performance indices and both maximal aerobic power and the level of blood lactate concentrations in female judo athletes. Seventeen female judokas (age: 21.9±1.6 years, body mass: 74.6±27.4 kg, height: 164.5±8.6 cm; BMI: 27.1±8...
December 2016: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088071/discrete-quasi-linear-viscoelastic-damping-analysis-of-connective-tissues-and-the-biomechanics-of-stretching
#3
Behzad Babaei, Aaron J Velasquez-Mao, Stavros Thomopoulos, Elliot L Elson, Steven D Abramowitch, Guy M Genin
The time- and frequency-dependent properties of connective tissue define their physiological function, but are notoriously difficult to characterize. Well-established tools such as linear viscoelasticity and the Fung quasi-linear viscoelastic (QLV) model impose forms on responses that can mask true tissue behavior. Here, we applied a more general discrete quasi-linear viscoelastic (DQLV) model to identify the static and dynamic time- and frequency-dependent behavior of rabbit medial collateral ligaments. Unlike the Fung QLV approach, the DQLV approach revealed that energy dissipation is elevated at a loading period of ∼10s...
December 22, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086771/naturalistic-study-of-guideline-implementation-tool-use-via-evaluation-of-website-access-and-physician-survey
#4
Melissa J Armstrong, Gary S Gronseth, Richard Dubinsky, Sonja Potrebic, Rebecca Penfold Murray, Thomas S D Getchius, Carol Rheaume, Anna R Gagliardi
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines support decision-making at the point-of-care but the onus is often on individual users such as physicians to implement them. Research shows that the inclusion of implementation tools in or with guidelines (GItools) is associated with guideline use. However, there is little research on which GItools best support implementation by individual physicians. The purpose of this study was to investigate naturalistic access and use of GItools produced by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) to inform future tool development...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065992/challenges-surrounding-return-to-play-rtp-for-the-sports-clinician-a-case-highlighting-the-need-for-a-thorough-three-step-rtp-model
#5
Roger Menta, Kevin D'Angelo
Return-to-play (RTP) is a multifactorial process of retuning an injured athlete back to competition when risk for re-injury is minimized. Traditionally, these decisions are made by medical practitioners based on experience or anecdotal evidence. RTP decisions continue to be a challenging task for the medical practitioner. In the interest of advancing sports medicine for the betterment of athletes, improving the RTP decision-making process with a new paradigm has been suggested.1 It stands to clarify the intricacies used by clinicians when making RTP decisions by providing insight into the multiple factors that must be considered; not only by the athlete and medical practitioner, but all relevant parties (i...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992289/athlete-s-perception-of-athletic-trainer-empathy-how-important-is-it
#6
Shannon David, Mary Larson
CONTEXT: Health care practitioners face increasing expectations to provide patient-centered care. Communication skills, specifically empathy, are critical in the provision of patient-centered care. Past work correlates empathy with improved patient satisfaction, compliance and treatment outcomes. In particular, a predictive relationship exists between clients' ratings of their clinician's empathy and treatment outcomes. There is a dearth of studies examining empathy using qualitative methodology and factors of empathy in athletic training...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977302/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-iii-benefits-of-and-barriers-in-the-medical-and-academic-models
#7
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  Academic and medical models are emerging as alternatives to the athletics model, which is the more predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of these models. OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the perceived benefits of and barriers in the medical and academic models. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977301/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-ii-benefits-of-and-barriers-in-the-athletics-model
#8
Ashley Goodman, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT:  The athletics model, in which athletic training clinical programs are part of the athletics department, is the predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of this model, particularly as it relates to organizational hierarchy. OBJECTIVE:  To explore the perceived benefits of and barriers in the athletics model. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I and III...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941488/no-differences-between-alter-g-trainer-and-active-and-passive-recovery-strategies-on-isokinetic-strength-systemic-oxidative-stress-and-perceived-muscle-soreness-after-exercise-induced-muscle-damage
#9
Matthew B Cooke, Carrie Nix, Lori Greenwood, Mike Greenwood
The incidence of muscle injuries is prevalent in elite sport athletes as well as weekend warriors and strategies that safely and effectively hasten recovery are highly desirable. The purpose of this study was to examine the differences between three recovery methods after eliciting muscle damage in recreationally active men relative to maximal isokinetic contractions, perceived muscle soreness and psychological mood states. Twenty-five recreationally active men (22.15±3.53yrs, 75.75±11.91kg, 180.52±7.3cm) were randomly matched by VO2 peak (53...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918856/preliminary-investigation-into-sport-and-exercise-psychology-consultants-views-and-experiences-of-an-interprofessional-care-team-approach-to-sport-injury-rehabilitation
#10
Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Damien Clement
Sport injury rehabilitation has moved from predominately physical treatment to a more holistic care. However, limited research has explored the views and experiences of those involved in such an approach. The purpose of this study was to preliminarily investigate sport psychology consultants' (SPCs') views and experiences of an interprofessional team approach to sport injury rehabilitation. A cross-sectional online survey previously used with athletic trainers was distributed via a US-based sport/exercise psychology list-serve (N = 1245)...
January 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912040/patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-physical-function-item-bank-version-1-0-physical-function-assessment-for-athletic-patient-populations
#11
Leif P Madsen, Todd A Evans, Kelli R Snyder, Carrie L Docherty
CONTEXT: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) item banks have been validated for general populations, but their application to high-functioning patient populations remains speculative. OBJECTIVE: To examine the measurement properties of the PROMIS physical function item bank, version 1.0, when applied to individuals representing high levels of physical ability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and III collegiate athletic training rooms and intramural events...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904797/preseason-jump-and-hop-measures-in-male-collegiate-basketball-players-an-epidemiologic-report
#12
Jason Brumitt, Amy Engilis, Dale Isaak, Amy Briggs, Alma Mattocks
BACKGROUND: Injuries are inherent in basketball with lower extremity (LE) injury rates reported as high as 11.6 per 1000 athletic exposures (AEs); many of these injuries result in time loss from sport participation. A recent trend in sports medicine research has been the attempt to identify athletes who may be at risk for injury based on measures of preseason fitness. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this prospective cohort study was to determine if the standing long jump (SLJ) and/or the single-leg hop (SLH) for distance functional performance tests (FPT) are associated with non-contact time loss lower quadrant (LQ, defined as lower extremities or low back) injury in collegiate male basketball players...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903048/resistance-exercise-induced-rhabdomyolysis-need-for-immediate-intervention-and-proper-counselling
#13
Maysaa A Khalil, Basem R Saab
BACKGROUND: Rhabdomyolysis results from damage to skeletal muscle. Improper resistance training may result in rhabdomyolysis, which can cause acute kidney injury, serious metabolic abnormalities, compartmental syndrome and even death. Proper counselling for athletes may prevent this condition. OBJECTIVE: We present two patients with unilateral swelling after resistance exercise. The workup revealed rhabdomyolysis. We highlight the importance of counselling to prevent rhabdomyolysis secondary to resistance exercise...
December 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893486/rankings-of-high-school-sports-injury-rates-differ-based-on-time-loss-assessments
#14
Zachary Y Kerr, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Stephen W Marshall
OBJECTIVE: To examine how injury definition inclusiveness affects the rank order of injury rates in 27 high school (HS) sports. DESIGN: The National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION) used certified athletic trainers (ATs) to collect injury and athlete-exposure (AE) data in practices and competitions for 27 HS sports during the 2011/2012 to 2013/2014 academic years. Time loss (TL) injuries resulted in ≥24 hours of participation restriction...
November 23, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875493/acute-lumbar-paraspinal-myonecrosis-in-football-players-with-sickle-cell-trait-a-case-series
#15
E Randy Eichner, Brock Schnebel, Scott Anderson, James R Clugston, Heath Hale, Charlie Michaudet, John M Small
We report 6 cases of a novel syndrome of acute, exertional low back pain (LBP) in football players, 5 in college and one in the National Football League (NFL). All 6 are African-Americans with sickle cell trait (SCT). The acute LBP is severe and can be disabling, and the condition can be confused with muscle strain, discogenic pain, stress fracture, or other problems in athletes. Our evidence shows that this syndrome is caused by lumbar paraspinal myonecrosis (LPSMN), which likely often contributes to the lumbar paraspinal compartment syndrome...
November 21, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875057/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-preventing-and-managing-sport-related-dental-and-oral-injuries
#16
Trenton E Gould, Scott G Piland, Shane V Caswell, Dennis Ranalli, Stephen Mills, Michael S Ferrara, Ron Courson
OBJECTIVE: To provide athletic trainers, health care professionals, and all those responsible for the care of athletes with clinical recommendations for preventing and managing sport-related dental and oral injuries. BACKGROUND: Participation in competitive sports continues to grow at both the interscholastic and intercollegiate levels. Therefore, exposure to, and the incidence of athletic-related injury, including orofacial injury, will also likely increase. At the time of this writing, the leading governing agencies for interscholastic (National Federation of State High School Associations) and intercollegiate (National Collegiate Athletic Association) sports require only protective orofacial equipment (eg, mouthguards) for 5 and 4, respectively, of their sanctioned sports...
October 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874297/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-i-quality-of-life-comparisons-and-commonalities-among-the-models
#17
Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  Some anecdotal evidence has suggested that organizational infrastructure may affect the quality of life of athletic trainers (ATs). OBJECTIVE:  To compare ATs' perspectives on work-life balance, role strain, job satisfaction, and retention in collegiate practice settings within the various models. DESIGN:  Cross-sectional and qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872124/incidence-mechanisms-and-severity-of-match-related-collegiate-men-s-soccer-injuries-on-fieldturf-and-natural-grass-surfaces-a-6-year-prospective-study
#18
Michael C Meyers
BACKGROUND: Numerous injuries have been attributed to playing on artificial turf. More recently, newer generations of artificial turf have been developed to duplicate the playing characteristics of natural grass. Although artificial turf has been deemed safer than natural grass in some studies, few long-term studies have been conducted comparing match-related collegiate soccer injuries between the 2 playing surfaces. HYPOTHESIS: Collegiate male soccer athletes do not experience any difference in the incidence, mechanisms, or severity of match-related injuries between FieldTurf and natural grass...
November 21, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834577/the-reliability-and-discriminative-ability-of-the-overhead-squat-test-for-observational-screening-of-medial-knee-displacement
#19
Eric G Post, Matthew Olson, Stephanie Trigsted, Scott Hetzel, David R Bell
CONTEXT: The OHS is a functional screening exam that is used to identify high-risk movement profiles such as medial knee displacement (MKD). The reliability and discriminative ability of observational screening during the OHS to identify MKD have yet to be established. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability and discriminative ability of observational screening for medial knee displacement MKD during the overhead squat (OHS) test. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical measurement, cross sectional...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834507/graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-perceptions-of-the-supervisor-s-role-in-professional-socialization-part-ii
#20
Ashley B Thrasher, Stacy E Walker, Dorice A Hankemeier, Thalia Mulvihill
CONTEXT: Many new athletic trainers (ATs) obtain graduate-assistant (GA) positions to gain more experience and professional development while being mentored by a veteran AT; however, GA ATs' perceptions of the supervisor's role in professional development are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To explore the supervisor's role in the professional development of GAs in the collegiate setting. DESIGN: Qualitative study. SETTING: Phone interviews...
October 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
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