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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902125/epidemiology-of-youth-boys-and-girls-lacrosse-injuries-in-the-2015-2016-seasons
#1
Zachary Y Kerr, Andrew E Lincoln, Thomas Dodge, Susan W Yeargin, Tracey M Covassin, Vincent C Nittoli, James Mensch, Karen G Roos, Thomas P Dompier, Shane V Caswell
PURPOSE: Examinations of injury among younger populations of lacrosse players that are beginning their development is limited. This study describes the epidemiology of youth boys' and girls' lacrosse injuries during the 2015-2016 seasons. METHODS: Surveillance data originated from a convenience sample of 10 leagues in five states with 1090 boys' and 480 girls' lacrosse players from the U9-U15 divisions. Athletic trainers reported injury and exposure data at games and practices...
September 7, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876140/school-nurses-perceptions-and-experiences-with-an-interprofessional-concussion-management-team-in-the-secondary-school-setting
#2
Cailee E Welch Bacon, Casey D Erickson, Melissa C Kay, Michelle L Weber, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
Following a concussion, both cognitive and physical rest are imperative aspects of injury management. The inclusion of academic adjustments and the formation of an interprofessional concussion management team (ICMT) provide a mechanism to manage academic issues following a concussion. As one of the sole healthcare providers presents during school hours, the school nurse may offer unique insight regarding the infrastructure of an ICMT in the secondary school setting. The purpose of this study was to explore school nurses' perceptions of and experiences with an ICMT for adolescents following a concussion in the secondary school setting...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846855/expert-non-expert-differences-in-visual-behaviour-during-alpine-slalom-skiing
#3
Marjolein Decroix, Mohd Rozilee Wazir Norjali Wazir, Linus Zeuwts, Frederik F J A Deconinck, Matthieu Lenoir, Pieter Vansteenkiste
The aim of this study was to investigate visual behaviour of expert and non-expert ski athletes during an alpine slalom. Fourteen non-experts and five expert slalom skiers completed an alpine slalom course in an indoor ski slope while wearing a head-mounted eye tracking device. Experts completed the slalom clearly faster than non-experts, but no significant difference was found in timing and position of the turn initiation. Although both groups already looked at future obstacles approximately 0,5s before passing the upcoming pole, the higher speed of experts implied that they shifted gaze spatially earlier in the bend than non-experts...
August 25, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796530/athletic-trainers-roles-and-responsibilities-regarding-academic-adjustments-as-part-of-the-concussion-management-process-in-the-secondary-school-setting
#4
Cailee E Welch Bacon, Melissa C Kay, Tamara C Valovich McLeod
CONTEXT:   Athletic trainers (ATs) play a vital role in managing the care of student-athletes after a sport-related concussion, yet little is known about their specific involvement in the implementation of academic adjustments as part of the concussion-management plan. OBJECTIVE:   To explore ATs' perceived roles and responsibilities regarding the implementation of academic adjustments for concussed student-athletes. DESIGN:   Qualitative study...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795003/resistance-training-for-children-and-adolescents
#5
REVIEW
Allison M Myers, Nicholas W Beam, Joseph D Fakhoury
As more children and adolescents are becoming involved in exercise and school or community based athletics, attention is turned towards proper training and conditioning to optimize performance, stimulate athletic development and ensure safety while tolerating long-term competition. Resistance training (RT) refers to the methodology of ensuring such optimal performance and safety. This is a common component of sports and physical fitness in schools and organized athletic programs around the country. RT is a physical conditioning program that involves various training techniques (e...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793153/a-collaborative-model-for-return-to-academics-after-concussion-athletic-training-and-speech-language-pathology
#6
Sarah A Dachtyl, Pedro Morales
Purpose: In this article, we describe an academic concussion management protocol designed for grades Pre-K to 12, called Cognitive Return to Exertion (CoRTEx). Collaboration between the speech-language pathologist (SLP) and athletic trainer (AT) is highlighted. Method: A description of CoRTEx is provided, and the need for collaboration is emphasized. A case study illustrates an example of how CoRTEx can be implemented at the individual student level. Results: A total of 165 students went through CoRTEx from the pilot in April 2014 through December 2016...
August 15, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766322/concussion-knowledge-and-reporting-behavior-differences-between-high-school-athletes-at-urban-and-suburban-high-schools
#7
Jessica Wallace, Tracey Covassin, Sally Nogle, Daniel Gould, Jeffrey Kovan
BACKGROUND: We determined differences in knowledge of concussion and reporting behaviors of high school athletes attending urban and suburban high schools, and whether a relationship exists between underreporting and access to an athletic trainer in urban schools. METHODS: High school athletes (N = 715) from 14 high schools completed a validated knowledge of concussion survey consisting of 83 questions. The independent variable was school type (urban/suburban). We examined the proportion of athletes who correctly identified signs and symptoms of concussion, knowledge of concussion and reasons why high school athletes would not disclose a potential concussive injury across school classification...
September 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759532/wrist-resistance-training-improves-motor-control-and-strength
#8
Edward Chu, You-Sin Kim, Genevieve Hill, Yoon Hyuk Kim, Chang Kook Kim, Jae Kun Shim
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a 6-week direction specific resistance training program on isometric torque control and isokinetic torque strength of the wrist joint. Nineteen subjects were randomly assigned to either the wrist training group (n=9) or the control group (n=10). The training group performed wrist exercises in six directions (flexion, extension, pronation, supination, radial deviation, and ulnar deviation) while the control group did not. Data were collected on the isometric torque control, one-repetition maximum (1-RM) strength, and isokinetic maximum torque (angular velocity of 60°/s wrist movements) before and after six weeks of resistance training and at two-week intervals during training...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742604/disparities-in-athletic-trainer-staffing-in-secondary-school-sport-implications-for-concussion-identification
#9
Emily Kroshus, Frederick P Rivara, Kathryn B Whitlock, Stanley A Herring, Sara P D Chrisman
OBJECTIVE: First, to assess whether teams at schools with an athletic trainer (AT) on staff had a higher number of diagnosed concussions than teams without medical personnel present. Second, to assess whether the variability in employment of a certified AT by Washington state high schools is patterned by socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Washington state public high schools. PARTICIPANTS: Stratified random sample of football and soccer coaches (n = 270 teams, 144 schools)...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739314/concussion-rates-in-u-s-middle-school-athletes-2015-2016-school-year
#10
Zachary Y Kerr, Nelson Cortes, Amanda M Caswell, Jatin P Ambegaonkar, Kaitlin Romm Hallsmith, A Frederick Milbert, Shane V Caswell
INTRODUCTION: Concussion incidence estimates in middle school sports settings are limited. This study examines concussion incidence in nine U.S. middle schools during the 2015-2016 school year. METHODS: Concussion data originated from nine public middle schools in Prince William County, Virginia, during the 2015-2016 school year. Certified athletic trainers collected concussion and athlete exposure (AE) data in school-sanctioned games and practices in boys' baseball, basketball, football, soccer, track, and wrestling; and girls' basketball, cheerleading, soccer, softball, track, and volleyball...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735552/a-prospective-study-on-the-effect-of-sport-specialization-on-lower-extremity-injury-rates-in-high-school-athletes
#11
Timothy A McGuine, Eric G Post, Scott J Hetzel, M Alison Brooks, Stephanie Trigsted, David R Bell
BACKGROUND: Sport specialization is associated with an increased risk of musculoskeletal lower extremity injuries (LEIs) in adolescent athletes presenting in clinical settings. However, sport specialization and the incidence of LEIs have not been investigated prospectively in a large population of adolescent athletes. PURPOSE: To determine if sport specialization was associated with an increased risk of LEIs in high school athletes. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720693/catastrophic-cervical-spinal-injury-in-an-amateur-college-wrestler
#12
Jayakrishnan Kelamangalathu Narayana Kurup, Ravitheja Jampani, Simanchal P Mohanty
A young amateur wrestler presented with a burst fracture of the seventh cervical vertebra with complete paraplegia. He was treated with surgery for spine stabilisation and was actively rehabilitated. Adolescents and teenagers are indulging in high-contact sports like wrestling, without proper training and technical know-how, which can lead to severe injuries and possibly, permanent handicap or death. Trainers, assistants and institutions should be well equipped to diagnose and provide initial care of people with a spinal injury to prevent a partial injury from progressing to complete injury...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714791/influence-of-body-composition-on-functional-movement-screen%C3%A2-scores-in-collegiate-football-players
#13
Constantine P Nicolozakes, Daniel K Schneider, Ben Rower, James Borchers, Timothy E Hewett
CONTEXT: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS™) is used to identify movement asymmetries and deficiencies. While obesity has been reported to impede movement, the correlation between body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BF%), and FMS™ in athletes is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is a relationship between BMI, BF%, and FMS™ scores in a sample of National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I football athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709155/variable-accuracy-of-wearable-heart-rate-monitors-during-aerobic-exercise
#14
Stephen Gillinov, Muhammad Etiwy, Robert Wang, Gordon Blackburn, Dermot Phelan, A Marc Gillinov, Penny Houghtaling, Hoda Javadikasgari, Milind Y Desai
PURPOSE: Athletes and members of the public increasingly rely on wearable HR monitors to guide physical activity and training. The accuracy of newer, optically based monitors is unconfirmed. We sought to assess the accuracy of five optically based HR monitors during various types of aerobic exercise. METHODS: Fifty healthy adult volunteers (mean ± SD age = 38 ± 12 yr, 54% female) completed exercise protocols on a treadmill, a stationary bicycle, and an elliptical trainer (±arm movement)...
August 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683782/a-descriptive-study-of-self-medication-practices-among-sri-lankan-national-level-athletes
#15
A D A Fernando, L M H Bandara, H M S T Bandara, S Pilapitiya, A de Silva
BACKGROUND: Intake of medicines and supplements is widespread among the professional athletes in developed countries and there are reports to suggest inappropriate self-administration of medicine. Data from South Asia on this area is lacking. This study examined self-medication practices with regard to use of allopathic and herbal/traditional medicines among national -level Sri Lankan athletes. RESULTS: 209 athletes from 15 national sport teams were assessed using an anonymous, interviewer administered questionnaire...
July 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680897/high-prevalence-of-nontraumatic-shoulder-pain-in-a-regional-sample-of-female-high-school-volleyball-athletes
#16
Kayt E Frisch, Jacob Clark, Chad Hanson, Chris Fagerness, Adam Conway, Lindsay Hoogendoorn
BACKGROUND: Shoulder pain is becoming increasingly problematic in young players as volleyball gains popularity. Associations between repetitive motion and pain and overuse injury have been observed in other overhand sports (most notably baseball). Studies of adult athletes suggest that there is a shoulder pain and overuse problem present in volleyball players, but minimal research has been done to establish rates and causes in juvenile participants. PURPOSE: To establish rates of shoulder pain, regardless of whether it resulted in a loss of playing time, in female high school volleyball players...
June 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674942/performance-bridging-the-gap-after-acl-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Polly de Mille, Jamie Osmak
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this paper is to identify strategies for a successful transition to sports in patients following rehabilitation for ACL reconstruction surgery (ACLR). RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research continues to demonstrate a relatively low rate of return to previous level of play among athletes following ACLR combined with a significant risk of injury to either the ipsi or the contralateral ACL. Recent research also demonstrates a growing use of a varied battery of assessments to determine readiness to return to sport as well as a lack of consensus on the ideal rehabilitation program, the criteria for clearance for return to play (both in time from surgery and functional milestones), and the nature of a conditioning program designed specifically for transitioning the cleared athlete back to competition...
July 3, 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671516/skin-infections-which-student-athletes-are-at-greatest-risk
#18
Tim Weesner
Skin infections are a common ailment that affect all students, with increased risk to those students participating in sport and specifically contact sports. The types of skin infections that students are likely to encounter are categorized into three types: (a) bacterial, (b) viral, and (c) fungal. All three types of infection can appear benign at onset but can grow into serious disease and illness if not correctly identified and treated in a timely manner. A strong prevention program should be in place at all schools with appropriate resources in place (human and financial) to carry out proper cleaning of facilities, on-site examination by the school nurse or athletic trainer, and sufficient education of coaches, athletes, parents and administrators...
July 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670666/epidemiologic-comparisons-of-soccer-related-injuries-presenting-to-emergency-departments-and-reported-within-high-school-and-collegiate-settings
#19
Zachary Y Kerr, Lauren A Pierpoint, Dustin W Currie, Erin B Wasserman, R Dawn Comstock
BACKGROUND: Few studies compare sports injury patterns in different settings. This study described the epidemiology of soccer injuries presenting to emergency departments (EDs) and compared injuries presenting to EDs to injuries presenting to collegiate and high school athletic trainers (ATs). METHODS: Soccer-related injuries (product code 1267) in the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) that were sustained by individuals at least two years of age in 2004-2013 were included...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657773/patterns-of-referral-in-high-school-concussion-management-programs-a-pilot-study-of-consultants-from-different-disciplines
#20
Jonathan D Lichtenstein, Kate S Linnea, Arthur C Maerlender
School-based concussion management programs cover thousands of young athletes, yet there is little in the way of research to assess program processes or outcomes. This study examined the referral patterns of consultants working with ten high school concussion management programs. In addition to the number of referrals made to specialists, other potential outcome variables were explored. The sample included over 5,000 athlete-seasons and 298 concussions managed directly by certified athletic trainers. All programs used computerized neuropsychological testing (both baseline and post injury)...
June 28, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
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