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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195970/reduction-of-physiological-strain-under-a-hot-and-humid-environment-by-a-hybrid-cooling-vest
#1
Albert P C Chan, Y Yang, Francis K W Wong, Michael C H Yam, Del P Wong, W F Song
Cooling treatment is regarded as one of good practices to provide safe training conditions to athletic trainers in the hot environment. The present study aimed to investigate whether wearing a commercial lightweight and portable hybrid cooling vest that combines air ventilation fans with frozen gel packs was an effective means to reduce participants' body heat strain. In this within-subject repeated measures study, 10 male volunteers participated in two heat-stress trials (one with the cooling vest - COOL condition, and another without - CON condition, in a randomized order) inside a climatic chamber with a controlled ambient temperature 33 °C and relative humidity (RH) 75% on an experimental day...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157403/athletic-trainer-services-in-public-and-private-secondary-schools
#2
Alicia M Pike, Riana R Pryor, Lesley W Vandermark, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Douglas J Casa
CONTEXT:  The presence of athletic trainers (ATs) in secondary schools to provide medical care is crucial, especially with the rise in sports participation and resulting high volume of injuries. Previous authors have investigated the level of AT services offered, but the differences in medical care offered between the public and private sectors have not been explored. OBJECTIVE:  To compare the level of AT services in public and private secondary schools. DESIGN:  Concurrent mixed-methods study...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146396/epidemiological-patterns-of-ankle-sprains-in-youth-high-school-and-college-football
#3
Daniel R Clifton, Rachel M Koldenhoven, Jay Hertel, James A Onate, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Variations in ankle injury rates and distributions among competition levels are unclear, but such data may help inform strategies to prevent ankle sprains during American football. PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiological patterns of ankle sprains in youth, high school (HS), and collegiate American football. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. METHODS: Data regarding youth, HS, and college football athletes were collected from 3 injury surveillance programs: (1) the Youth Football Safety Study (YFSS), (2) the National Athletic Treatment, Injury and Outcomes Network (NATION), and (3) the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Injury Surveillance Program (ISP)...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144407/knee-injuries-in-wrestlers-a-prospective-study-from-the-indian-subcontinent
#4
Shalini Agarwal, Ekta Mann
BACKGROUND: Wrestling is a very popular sport the world over and its popularity is rapidly increasing in India. However, due to its arduous nature it is associated with a high incidence of injuries. Out of all the injuries, those to the knee are one of the commonest injuries reported. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to study the pattern of these injuries in the Indian wrestlers. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted involving 196 wrestlers who were followed up over a period of 2 years...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129141/wearable-devices-for-sports-new-integrated-technologies-allow-coaches-physicians-and-trainers-to-better-understand-the-physical-demands-of-athletes-in-real-time
#5
Dhruv R Seshadri, Colin Drummond, John Craker, James R Rowbottom, James E Voos
Elite-level athletes and professional sports teams are continually searching for opportunities to improve athletic performance and gain a competitive advantage on the field. Advances in technology have provided new avenues to maximize player health and safety. Over the last decade, time?motion analysis systems, such as video recording and computer digitization, have been used to measure human locomotion and improve sports performance. While these techniques were state of the art at the time, their usefulness is inhibited by the questionable validity of the acquired data, the labor-intensive nature of collecting data with manual hand-notation techniques, and their inability to track athlete position, movement, displacement, and velocity...
January 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129072/sports-related-emergency-preparedness-in-oregon-high-schools
#6
Samuel T Johnson, Marc F Norcross, Viktor E Bovbjerg, Mark A Hoffman, Eunwook Chang, Michael C Koester
BACKGROUND: Best practice recommendations for sports-related emergency preparation include implementation of venue-specific emergency action plans (EAPs), access to early defibrillation, and first responders-specifically coaches-trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator (AED) use. The objective was to determine whether high schools had implemented these 3 recommendations and whether schools with a certified athletic trainer (AT) were more likely to have done so...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125910/biceps-disorder-rehabilitation-for-the-athlete
#7
Dorien Borms, Inge Ackerman, Pieter Smets, Glen Van den Berge, Ann M Cools
BACKGROUND: Progressive biceps loading is recommended in the nonoperative and operative rehabilitation of biceps-related disorders. Previous researchers have proposed a continuum of exercises with low to moderate biceps loads to be used in the early and intermediate phases of rehabilitation. A progression of exercises with moderate to high biceps loads to be used in the more advanced phases of rehabilitation is lacking. PURPOSE: To describe a progression of exercises with progressive moderate to high loads on the biceps brachii (BB) based on electromyographic (EMG) analysis...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118030/the-epidemiology-of-severe-injuries-sustained-by-national-collegiate-athletic-association-student-athletes-2009-2010-through-2014-2015
#8
Melissa C Kay, Johna K Register-Mihalik, Aaron D Gray, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
CONTEXT:  Few researchers have described the incidence of the most severe injuries sustained by student-athletes at the collegiate level. OBJECTIVE:  To describe the epidemiology of severe injuries within 25 National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports in the 2009-2010 through 2014-2015 academic years. DESIGN:  Descriptive epidemiology study. SETTING:  Aggregate injury and exposure data from 25 NCAA sports...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107049/statistical-primer-for-athletic-trainers-using-confidence-intervals-and-effect-sizes-to-evaluate-clinical-meaningfulness
#9
Monica Lininger, Bryan L Riemann
OBJECTIVE: To describe confidence intervals (CIs) and effect sizes and provide practical examples to assist clinicians in assessing clinical meaningfulness. BACKGROUND: As discussed in our first article in 2015, which addressed the difference between statistical significance and clinical meaningfulness, evaluating the clinical meaningfulness of a research study remains a challenge to many readers. In this paper, we will build on this topic by examining CIs and effect sizes...
December 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092169/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-management-of-acute-skin-trauma
#10
Joel W Beam, Bernadette Buckley, William R Holcomb, Mario Ciocca
OBJECTIVE:   To present recommendations for the cleansing, debridement, dressing, and monitoring of acute skin trauma in patients. BACKGROUND:   Acute skin trauma is common during participation in athletic and recreational activities. Clinical decisions and intervention protocols after injury vary among athletic trainers and are often based on ritualistic practices. An understanding of cleansing, debridement, and dressing techniques; clinical features of infection and adverse reactions; and monitoring of acute skin trauma is critical for certified athletic trainers and other allied health and medical professionals to create a local wound environment that promotes healing and lessens the risk of complications...
December 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090141/do-maximal-aerobic-power-and-blood-lactate-concentration-affect-specific-judo-fitness-test-performance-in-female-judo-athletes
#11
H Garbouj, M A Selmi, R Haj Sassi, M Haj Yahmed, K Chamari, A Chaouachi
The Special Judo Fitness Test (SJFT) has become the test most widely used by coaches and physical trainers for assessment of competitors' judo-specific physical aptitude and training programme prescription. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the SJFT performance indices and both maximal aerobic power and the level of blood lactate concentrations in female judo athletes. Seventeen female judokas (age: 21.9±1.6 years, body mass: 74.6±27.4 kg, height: 164.5±8.6 cm; BMI: 27.1±8...
December 2016: Biology of Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088071/discrete-quasi-linear-viscoelastic-damping-analysis-of-connective-tissues-and-the-biomechanics-of-stretching
#12
Behzad Babaei, Aaron J Velasquez-Mao, Stavros Thomopoulos, Elliot L Elson, Steven D Abramowitch, Guy M Genin
The time- and frequency-dependent properties of connective tissue define their physiological function, but are notoriously difficult to characterize. Well-established tools such as linear viscoelasticity and the Fung quasi-linear viscoelastic (QLV) model impose forms on responses that can mask true tissue behavior. Here, we applied a more general discrete quasi-linear viscoelastic (DQLV) model to identify the static and dynamic time- and frequency-dependent behavior of rabbit medial collateral ligaments. Unlike the Fung QLV approach, the DQLV approach revealed that energy dissipation is elevated at a loading period of ∼10s...
December 22, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086771/naturalistic-study-of-guideline-implementation-tool-use-via-evaluation-of-website-access-and-physician-survey
#13
Melissa J Armstrong, Gary S Gronseth, Richard Dubinsky, Sonja Potrebic, Rebecca Penfold Murray, Thomas S D Getchius, Carol Rheaume, Anna R Gagliardi
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines support decision-making at the point-of-care but the onus is often on individual users such as physicians to implement them. Research shows that the inclusion of implementation tools in or with guidelines (GItools) is associated with guideline use. However, there is little research on which GItools best support implementation by individual physicians. The purpose of this study was to investigate naturalistic access and use of GItools produced by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) to inform future tool development...
January 13, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065992/challenges-surrounding-return-to-play-rtp-for-the-sports-clinician-a-case-highlighting-the-need-for-a-thorough-three-step-rtp-model
#14
Roger Menta, Kevin D'Angelo
Return-to-play (RTP) is a multifactorial process of retuning an injured athlete back to competition when risk for re-injury is minimized. Traditionally, these decisions are made by medical practitioners based on experience or anecdotal evidence. RTP decisions continue to be a challenging task for the medical practitioner. In the interest of advancing sports medicine for the betterment of athletes, improving the RTP decision-making process with a new paradigm has been suggested.1 It stands to clarify the intricacies used by clinicians when making RTP decisions by providing insight into the multiple factors that must be considered; not only by the athlete and medical practitioner, but all relevant parties (i...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992289/athlete-s-perception-of-athletic-trainer-empathy-how-important-is-it
#15
Shannon David, Mary Larson
CONTEXT: Health care practitioners face increasing expectations to provide patient-centered care. Communication skills, specifically empathy, are critical in the provision of patient-centered care. Past work correlates empathy with improved patient satisfaction, compliance and treatment outcomes. In particular, a predictive relationship exists between clients' ratings of their clinician's empathy and treatment outcomes. There is a dearth of studies examining empathy using qualitative methodology and factors of empathy in athletic training...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977302/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-iii-benefits-of-and-barriers-in-the-medical-and-academic-models
#16
Christianne M Eason, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Ashley Goodman
CONTEXT:  Academic and medical models are emerging as alternatives to the athletics model, which is the more predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of these models. OBJECTIVE:  To investigate the perceived benefits of and barriers in the medical and academic models. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I, II, and III...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977301/organizational-infrastructure-in-the-collegiate-athletic-training-setting-part-ii-benefits-of-and-barriers-in-the-athletics-model
#17
Ashley Goodman, Stephanie M Mazerolle, Christianne M Eason
CONTEXT:  The athletics model, in which athletic training clinical programs are part of the athletics department, is the predominant model in the collegiate athletic training setting. Little is known about athletic trainers' (ATs') perceptions of this model, particularly as it relates to organizational hierarchy. OBJECTIVE:  To explore the perceived benefits of and barriers in the athletics model. DESIGN:  Qualitative study. SETTING:  National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions I and III...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941488/no-differences-between-alter-g-trainer-and-active-and-passive-recovery-strategies-on-isokinetic-strength-systemic-oxidative-stress-and-perceived-muscle-soreness-after-exercise-induced-muscle-damage
#18
Matthew B Cooke, Carrie Nix, Lori Greenwood, Mike Greenwood
The incidence of muscle injuries is prevalent in elite sport athletes as well as weekend warriors and strategies that safely and effectively hasten recovery are highly desirable. The purpose of this study was to examine the differences between three recovery methods after eliciting muscle damage in recreationally active men relative to maximal isokinetic contractions, perceived muscle soreness and psychological mood states. Twenty-five recreationally active men (22.15±3.53yrs, 75.75±11.91kg, 180.52±7.3cm) were randomly matched by VO2 peak (53...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918856/preliminary-investigation-into-sport-and-exercise-psychology-consultants-views-and-experiences-of-an-interprofessional-care-team-approach-to-sport-injury-rehabilitation
#19
Monna Arvinen-Barrow, Damien Clement
Sport injury rehabilitation has moved from predominately physical treatment to a more holistic care. However, limited research has explored the views and experiences of those involved in such an approach. The purpose of this study was to preliminarily investigate sport psychology consultants' (SPCs') views and experiences of an interprofessional team approach to sport injury rehabilitation. A cross-sectional online survey previously used with athletic trainers was distributed via a US-based sport/exercise psychology list-serve (N = 1245)...
January 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912040/patient-reported-outcomes-measurement-information-system-physical-function-item-bank-version-1-0-physical-function-assessment-for-athletic-patient-populations
#20
Leif P Madsen, Todd A Evans, Kelli R Snyder, Carrie L Docherty
CONTEXT: The Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) item banks have been validated for general populations, but their application to high-functioning patient populations remains speculative. OBJECTIVE: To examine the measurement properties of the PROMIS physical function item bank, version 1.0, when applied to individuals representing high levels of physical ability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I and III collegiate athletic training rooms and intramural events...
September 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
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