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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787473/factors-contributing-to-medial-tibial-stress-syndrome-in-runners-a-prospective-study
#1
James Becker, Mimi Nakajima, Will F W Wu
PURPOSE: Medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS) is one of the most common overuse injuries sustained by runners. Despite the prevalence of this injury, risk factors for developing MTSS remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate differences in passive range of motion, muscle strength, plantar pressure distributions, and running kinematics between runners who developed MTSS and those who did not. METHODS: 24 NCAA Division 1 cross country runners participated in this study...
May 22, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775483/ldha-gene-is-associated-with-pigeon-survivability-during-racing-competitions
#2
Sherif Ramadan, Takeshi Miyake, Junichi Yamaura, Miho Inoue-Murayama
Pigeon racing is a popular sport worldwide. Pigeons are under continuous selection to improve speed, spatial orientation, and endurance during long flights. However, numerous genetic and non-genetic factors affect survivability and homing ability, making such traits difficult for breeders to control. Polymorphisms in the lactate dehydrogenase A gene (LDHA) likely affects pigeon racing and homing abilities, due to its role in physical and mental performance. Additionally, the adenylate cyclase activating polypeptide 1 gene (ADCYAP1) has been associated with physiological and behavioral shifts that occur during avian migration...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772943/school-nurses-management-and-collaborative-practices-for-student-athletes-following-sport-related-concussion
#3
Michelle L Weber, Cailee E Welch Bacon, Tamara Valovich McLeod
The purpose of this study was to examine school nurses' management and collaboration with health-care providers (HCPs) for student-athletes following a concussion. Secondary school nurses accessed an online survey titled the Beliefs, Attitudes, and Knowledge of Pediatric Athletes with Concussions (access rate = 15.6%; n = 1,246/8,000). Approximately 40% of schools where nurses were employed administered baseline and postinjury concussion assessments. No significant differences were found between employment model (single vs...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732944/pre-injury-migraine-history-as-a-risk-factor-for-prolonged-return-to-school-and-sports-following-concussion
#4
Douglas P Terry, Nathan Huebschmann, Bruce Maxwell, Nathan Cook, Rebekah Mannix, Ross D Zafonte, Tad Seifert, Paul D Berkner, Grant L Iverson
Having a pre-existing migraine disorder might be a risk factor for a prolonged recovery following a sport-related concussion. We examined whether having a migraine history was associated with a prolonged return to academics and athletics following a concussion. High school and collegiate athletes (N=1,265; 42% female) who sustained a sport-related concussion were monitored by athletic trainers using a web-based surveillance system that collects information about concussion recovery. Nonparametric Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests (KS) were used to compare days to return to academics/athletics across groups due to non-normally distributed outcome variables and unequal distributions of scores between groups...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715216/sports-related-concussions-in-children-differences-in-care-and-expectations-when-seen-in-an-emergency-department-versus-a-sports-medicine-clinic
#5
Kraigher Allan OʼKeefe, Bradley Beamon, Kori L Brewer, Brock Niceler
OBJECTIVES: Patient and parent expectations can potentially influence management of care. We compared expectations in the diagnosis of concussion between patients who presented to a pediatric emergency department (ED) and those who presented to a sports medicine clinic, and if there was a difference in computed tomography (CT) scans performed. METHODS: Head-injured athletes aged 8 to 18 years presenting to a pediatric ED and a sports medicine clinic were enrolled...
May 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688147/celebrating-the-advancement-of-the-athletic-training-profession-over-the-past-10-years-highlights-of-key-achievements-made-by-the-national-athletic-trainers-association
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688028/transition-to-practice-for-graduate-assistant-athletic-trainers-providing-medical-care-in-the-secondary-school-setting
#7
Jessica L Kirby, Stacy E Walker, Stephanie M Mazerolle
CONTEXT:   Transition to clinical practice can be challenging for newly credentialed athletic trainers (ATs), who are expected to immediately step into their roles as autonomous clinicians. For those providing care in the secondary school setting, this transition may be complicated by the fact that many practice in isolation from other health care providers. OBJECTIVE:   To explore the transition to practice of newly credentialed graduate assistant ATs providing medical care in the secondary school setting...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687011/incidence-of-elbow-ulnar-collateral-ligament-surgery-in-collegiate-baseball-players
#8
Marcus A Rothermich, Stan A Conte, Kyle T Aune, Glenn S Fleisig, E Lyle Cain, Jeffrey R Dugas
Background: Recent reports have highlighted the progressive increase in the incidence of ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injuries to the elbow in baseball players of all levels. However, knowledge of the incidence and other epidemiological factors regarding UCL injuries, specifically in college baseball players, is currently lacking. Purpose: To evaluate, over a period of 1 year, the incidence of UCL injuries requiring surgery in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I baseball programs...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683924/ca-mrsa-infection-rates-and-management-among-student-athletes
#9
Tim Braun, Leamor Kahanov
PURPOSE: Although community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections have reduced among inpatient populations, the incidence in athletics continues to range greatly dependent on the sport. Over the 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 school years, we assessed the annual CA-MRSA incidence, sport risk, referral practices, and management protocols or interventions among high school and intercollegiate athletics. METHODS: This study targeted high school and intercollegiate athletic programs across the United States...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670477/prevalence-attitude-knowledge-and-practice-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroid-aas-use-among-gym-participants
#10
Sami D Althobiti, Nassar M Alqurashi, Abdulmajeed S Alotaibi, Turki F Alharthi, Khaled A Alswat
Background: Anabolic steroids (AS) are synthetic testosterone derivatives that last longer than physiological androgens in the body. Anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) abuse is spreading among athletes. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of gym participants in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among gym users from February 2017 to May 2017. The questionnaire included information on demographics related to the use of AAS and lifestyle habits...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667845/development-of-an-instrument-to-assess-athletic-trainers-attitudes-toward-transgender-patients
#11
Kristine A Ensign, Brian M Dodge, Debra Herbenick, Carrie L Docherty
CONTEXT:   The unique contexts in which athletic trainers (ATs) work require specific tools in order to understand their attitudes toward diverse patient populations, including sexual and gender minorities. OBJECTIVE:   To develop and validate the Attitudes Toward Transgender Patients (ATTP) instrument for ATs. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Semistructured interviews, paper-based questionnaire, and electronic questionnaire...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651894/roller-massage-a-descriptive-survey-of-allied-health-professionals
#12
Scott W Cheatham
BACKGROUND: In sports medicine, the interprofessional care of athletes has become a frequent practice. This type of care often involves different interventions used among professionals. One common intervention prescribed is roller massage (RM) or self-myofascial release. The trends in the use of RM among allied health professionals is non-existent. The surveillance of such responses has not been documented. PURPOSE: To survey and document responses in the knowledge, clinical application, and use of RM devices among allied health professionals in the United States...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624450/national-athletic-trainers-association-position-statement-evaluation-management-and-outcomes-of-and-return-to-play-criteria-for-overhead-athletes-with-superior-labral-anterior-posterior-injuries
#13
Lori A Michener, Jeffrey S Abrams, Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Sue Falsone, Kevin G Laudner, Edward G McFarland, James E Tibone, Charles A Thigpen, Timothy L Uhl
OBJECTIVE:   To present recommendations for the diagnosis, management, outcomes, and return to play of athletes with superior labral anterior-posterior (SLAP) injuries. BACKGROUND:   In overhead athletes, SLAP tears are common as either acute or chronic injuries. The clinical guidelines presented here were developed based on a systematic review of the current evidence and the consensus of the writing panel. Clinicians can use these guidelines to inform decision making regarding the diagnosis, acute and long-term conservative and surgical treatment, and expected outcomes of and return-to-play guidelines for athletes with SLAP injuries...
March 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599725/validity-and-reliability-of-10-hz-global-positioning-system-to-assess-in-line-movement-and-change-of-direction
#14
Pantelis T Nikolaidis, Filipe M Clemente, Cornelis M I van der Linden, Thomas Rosemann, Beat Knechtle
The objectives of the present study were to examine the validity and reliability of the 10 Hz Johan GPS unit in assessing in-line movement and change of direction. The validity was tested against the criterion measure of 200 m track-and-field (track-and-field athletes, n = 8) and 20 m shuttle run endurance test (female soccer players, n = 20). Intra-unit and inter-unit reliability was tested by intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) and coefficient of variation (CV), respectively. An analysis of variance examined differences between the GPS measurement and five laps of 200 m at 15 km/h, and t -test examined differences between the GPS measurement and 20 m shuttle run endurance test...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570572/is-the-change-of-direction-speed-and-reactive-agility-are-independent-skills-even-using-the-same-movement-pattern
#15
Milan Čoh, Janez Vodičar, Milan Žvan, Jožef Šimenko, Jacek Stodolka, Samo Rauter, Krzysztof Maćkala
AbstarctThe aim of the study is to examine the differences between change-of-direction speed (CODS) as pre-planned movement and reactive agility (RA) as non-planned (randomly selected) movement in terms of gender, using the same same spatial configuration. The tests combined frontal, universal, semi-circular, and lateral movement structure. Forty-five male and thirty-one female students-athletes were participated in the experiment. The time-based parameters of CODS and RA tests were determined using the FitLight Trainer system...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565643/delivering-chest-compressions-and-ventilations-with-and-without-men-s-lacrosse-equipment
#16
Michael D Clark, Mikaela P Davis, Meredith A Petschauer, Erik E Swartz, Jason P Mihalik
CONTEXT:   Current management recommendations for equipment-laden athletes in sudden cardiac arrest regarding whether to remove protective sports equipment before delivering cardiopulmonary resuscitation are unclear. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the effect of men's lacrosse equipment on chest compression and ventilation quality on patient simulators. DESIGN:   Cross-sectional study. SETTING:   Controlled laboratory...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541343/evaluating-energy-expenditure-estimated-by-wearable-technology-during-variable-intensity-activity-on-female-collegiate-athletes
#17
Monica Taylor, Elizabeth F Nagle, Fredric L Goss, Elaine N Rubinstein, Andrew Simonson
Monitoring an athlete's energy intake and energy expenditure (EE) is an important consideration of nutritional planning for sport conditioning and peak performance. In order to provide appropriate recommendations regarding nutritional requirements and caloric needs, an accurate determination of energy requirements is necessary. By knowing an individual's EE, a coach, athletic performance staff or trainer can effectively determine training loads and volumes necessary for periodization and seasonal planning for a particular sport...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498253/individualized-dry-land-intervention-program-for-an-%C3%A3-lite-paralympic-swimmer-a-case-report
#18
Luca Cavaggioni, Athos Trecroci, Massimiliano Tosin, F Marcello Iaia, Giampietro Alberti
The aim of this retrospective case study is the longitudinal description of the physical and functional parameters of a top-level Paralympic swimmer class S9-SB8-SM9 during four swimming seasons of training, from the Paralympic games in London 2012 to the Paralympic games in Rio 2016. A 22-year-old male swimmer underwent a specific preventive dry-land training based on diaphragmatic breathing, postural alignment, and slow-velocity resistance training aimed to improve his muscle strength. He was tested by using the Functional Movement ScreenTM, photographic postural assessment and vertical jump...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498249/a-profile-of-body-composition-omega-3-and-vitamin-d-in-national-football-league-players
#19
Malia N Blue, Eric T Trexler, Katie R Hirsch, Abbie E Smith-Ryan
BACKGROUND: Body composition (%BF), omega-3 and vitamin D (VitD) status are important components of an athlete's individual physiological profile, as each measure has potential to influence performance, inflammation, and injury recovery. The purpose of this study was to characterize %BF, omega-3, and VitD in a subset of professional football athletes. Secondary analyses investigated changes in %BF, omega-3, and VitD, throughout a competitive season, and evaluated the relationship between physiological variables, race, and injury prevalence...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489731/performance-in-100-km-ultra-marathoners-at-which-age-it-reaches-its-peak
#20
Pantelis Theodoros Nikolaidis, Beat Knechtle
The number of those participating in 100-km ultra-marathon has increased over the last years; however, we have limited knowledge about performance trends in this sport, and particularly the effect of age. The aim of the present study was to analyze the age when women and men runners achieve their peak performance considering 1- and 5-year age group intervals, and examining all or the fastest (i.e. top ten) participants in each age group. We analyzed 370,051 athletes (i.e. 44,601 women and 325,450 men) who finished a 100-km ultra-marathon between 1959 and 2016, and studied the age of peak performance using a second-order non-linear regression analysis...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
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