Read by QxMD icon Read


Mehmet Bilgin, Elaf Abdelillah Ali Elhussein, Mustafa Özyürek, Kubilay Güçlü, Selin Şahin
Sideritis montana L. endemic of Turkey was screened for its polyphenols content and antioxidant activity. Factor analysis and experimental design have been applied to understand the structure of the separation process, to determine the effective parameters, and to accomplish the performance improvement. Face-centred composite design (FCD) of response surface methodology (RSM) was applied to evaluate the influences of solvent concentration, solvent amount, extraction time, and stirring speed of homogenizer-assisted extraction (HAE) as well as to model and to optimize the HAE...
May 24, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Evangelos Axiotis, Maria Halabalaki, Leandros A Skaltsounis
Greek islands of the North Aegean Region are a group of nine inhabited islands (Lemnos, Agios Efstratios, Lesvos, Chios, Psara, Oinousses, Samos, Ikaria, and Fourni) located in the northern part of the Aegean Sea, close to Asia Minor. Each island of this region can be considered autonomous in terms of culture and biodiversity. With this work we try to evaluate the status of the traditional uses of medicinal plants in this region. Endemic and endangered species such as Sideritis sipylea Boiss., Origanum sipyleum L...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Ísmail Çelik, Zeliha Atioğlu, Huseyin Aksit, Ibrahim Demirtas, Ramazan Erenler, Mehmet Akkurt
The title compound, C20 H32 O2 (systematic name: 3-ethenyl-3,4a,7,7,10a-penta-methyl-dodeca-hydro-9 H -benzo[ f ]chromen-9-one), was isolated from Sideritis perfoliata . In the crystal, mol-ecules pack in helical supra-molecular chains along the 21 screw axis running parallel to the a axis, bound by C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds. These chains are efficiently inter-locked in the other two unit-cell directions via van der Waals inter-actions. Hirshfeld surface analysis shows that van der Waals inter-actions constitute the major contribution to the inter-molecular inter-actions, with H⋯H contacts accounting for 86...
May 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Felix Heiner, Björn Feistel, Michael Wink
Background: Beyond its traditional uses in the Balkan area, Sideritis scardica (known as Greek mountain tea, Lamiaceae) is currently extensively investigated for its pharmacological activity in the central nervous system. Antidepressant, psychostimulating, cognition-enhancing and neuroprotective properties have been described. In this study, we tested hydroalcoholic extracts of S. scardica for their potential to counteract amyloid-β toxicity and aggregation, which plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease...
2018: PeerJ
Jan Hendriks, Ivan Stojanovic, Richard B M Schasfoort, Daniël B F Saris, Marcel Karperien
There is large unmet need for reliable biomarker measurement systems for clinical application. Such systems should meet challenging requirements for large scale use, including large dynamic detection range, multiplexing capacity and both high specificity and sensitivity. More importantly, these requirements need to apply to complex biological sam-ples, which require extensive quality control. In this paper, we present the development of an enhancement detection cascade for surface plasmon resonance array imaging (SPRi)...
May 7, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Haijiao Liu, Luke A MacQueen, Jenna F Usprech, Hoda Maleki, Krista L Sider, Matthew G Doyle, Yu Sun, Craig A Simmons
Native and engineered tissue development are regulated by the integrative effects of multiple microenvironmental stimuli. Microfabricated bioreactor array platforms can efficiently dissect cue-response networks, and have recently integrated critical 2D and 3D mechanical stimulation for greater physiological relevance. However, a limitation of these approaches is that assessment of tissue functional properties is typically limited to end-point analyses. Here we report a new deformable membrane platform with integrated strain sensors that enables mechanical stretching or compression of 3D cell-hydrogel arrays and simultaneous measurement of hydrogel construct stiffness in situ...
April 23, 2018: Biomaterials
Chuipu Cai, Jiansong Fang, Pengfei Guo, Qi Wang, Huixiao Hong, Javid Moslehi, Feixiong Cheng
Drug-induced cardiovascular complications are the most common adverse drug events and account for the withdrawal or severe restrictions on use of multitudinous post-marketed drugs. In this study, we developed new in silico models for systematic identification of drug-induced cardiovascular complications in drug discovery and post-marketing surveillance. Specifically,we collected drug-induced cardiovascular complications covering five most common types of cardiovascular outcomes (hypertension, heart block, arrhythmia, cardiac failure, and myocardial infarction) from four publicly available data resources: Comparative Toxicogenomics Database, SIDER, Offsides, and MetaADEDB...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling
Celina Galles, Gastón M Prez, Sider Penkov, Sebastian Boland, Exequiel O J Porta, Silvia G Altabe, Guillermo R Labadie, Ulrike Schmidt, Hans-Joachim Knölker, Teymuras V Kurzchalia, Diego de Mendoza
Proper cholesterol transport is crucial for the functionality of cells. In C. elegans, certain cholesterol derivatives called dafachronic acids (DAs) govern the entry into diapause. In their absence, worms form a developmentally arrested dauer larva. Thus, cholesterol transport to appropriate places for DA biosynthesis warrants the reproductive growth. Recently, we discovered a novel class of glycosphingolipids, PEGCs, required for cholesterol mobilization/transport from internal storage pools. Here, we identify other components involved in this process...
April 23, 2018: Scientific Reports
Heike Israel, Lars Neeb, Uwe Reuter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: CGRP is a key neuropeptide in migraine pathophysiology. The blockade of the CGRP pathway at the side of the CGRP receptor of the CGRP peptide leads to the interruption of trigeminal nerve system-mediated headache syndromes such as migraine. Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) targeting the CGRP pathway have been developed and are currently under investigation for episodic (EM) and chronic migraine (CM) prevention. Here, we report data from these clinical trials. RECENT FINDINGS: Placebo-controlled, randomized double-blind phase studies of CGRP mAbs in episodic and chronic migraine have shown that the specific blockade of the peptide or the CGRP receptor are both powerful mechanisms to reduce migraine frequency...
April 6, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Zacchaeus G Compson, Bruce A Hungate, Thomas G Whitham, George W Koch, Paul Dijkstra, Adam C Siders, Todd Wojtowicz, Ryan Jacobs, David N Rakestraw, Kiel E Allred, Chelsea K Sayer, Jane C Marks
Leaf litter provides an important nutrient subsidy to headwater streams, but little is known about how tree genetics influences energy pathways from litter to higher trophic levels. Despite the charge to quantify carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) pathways from decomposing litter, the relationship between litter decomposition and aquatic consumers remains unresolved. We measured litter preference (attachments to litter), C and N assimilation rates, and growth rates of a shredding caddisfly (Hesperophylax magnus, Limnephilidae) in response to leaf litter of different chemical and physical phenotypes using Populus cross types (P...
March 30, 2018: Ecology
Leonello Tacconi, Sara Baldo, Giorgio Merci, Gerardo Serra
BACKGROUND: The endoscopic approach has been introduced in the clinical practice in 1980 with the aim to remove the pro- lapsed disk and free the compressed nerve using the least disruptive surgical technique, assuring in the same time, the resolution of the symptoms and a faster return back to normal life activity. Over the years, thanks to an extraordinary technical improvement either in terms of quality of images and development of many dif- ferent tailored instrumentations there has been a huge spreading of the endoscope use across the different surgical fields...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
(no author information available yet)
Withdrawn by the publisher.
March 8, 2018: Current Drug Targets
Somin Wadhwa, Aishwarya Gupta, Shubham Dokania, Rakesh Kanji, Ganesh Bagler
Prediction of adverse drug reactions is an important problem in drug discovery endeavors which can be addressed with data-driven strategies. SIDER is one of the most reliable and frequently used datasets for identification of key features as well as building machine learning models for side effects prediction. The inherently unbalanced nature of this data presents with a difficult multi-label multi-class problem towards prediction of drug side effects. We highlight the intrinsic issue with SIDER data and methodological flaws in relying on performance measures such as AUC while attempting to predict side effects...
2018: PloS One
Bethany Percha, Russ B Altman
Motivation: The biomedical community's collective understanding of how chemicals, genes, and phenotypes interact is distributed across the text of over 24 million research articles. These interactions offer insights into the mechanisms behind higher order biochemical phenomena, such as drug-drug interactions and variations in drug response across individuals. To assist their curation at scale, we must understand what relationship types are possible and map unstructured natural language descriptions onto these structured classes...
February 27, 2018: Bioinformatics
Ali Akgul, Ayfer Akgul, Serdar G Senol, Hasan Yildirim, Ozcan Secmen, Yunus Dogan
BACKGROUND: Studies of ethnobotanical usages in south-eastern Turkey are rare. To widen this field of knowledge, we conducted an ethnobotanical study in Midyat (Mardin Province), Turkey. METHODS: The field study was completed during three years (2007-2010). Our aim was to document the ethnobotanical uses of local plants and to make an ethnobotanical inventory of uncommon plants using qualitative interviews. RESULTS: During field studies, 368 voucher specimens were collected in the investigated area...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Juan F P J Abascal, Manuel Desco, Juan Parra-Robles
Diffusion MRI data are generally acquired using hyperpolarized gases during patient breath-hold, which yields a compromise between achievable image resolution, lung coverage, and number of -values. In this paper, we propose a novel method that accelerates the acquisition of diffusion MRI data by undersampling in both the spatial and -value dimensions and incorporating knowledge about signal decay into the reconstruction (SIDER). SIDER is compared with total variation (TV) reconstruction by assessing its effect on both the recovery of ventilation images and the estimated mean alveolar dimensions (MADs)...
February 2018: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Stephen K Herbert, Yona Siderer, Govindjee
We present here the life and work of Shmuel Malkin (1934-2017), an accomplished scientist and a gifted musician who touched the lives of many around the world. His early scientific work addressed the dynamics of light harvesting and electron transport in photosynthesis. Later, he used photoacoustic and photothermal methodologies to explore all aspects of photosynthesis. As a musician, Shmuel played the piano often for family and friends but after his formal retirement, he produced a body of original musical compositions, many of which were performed publicly...
January 30, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
João Arthur Brunhara, Paulo Renato Marcelo Moscardi, Marcos Figueiredo Mello, Hiury Silva Andrade, Paulo Afonso Carvalho, Bruno Nicolino Cezarino, Francisco Tibor Dénes, Roberto Iglesias Lopes
OBJECTIVE: to assess the feasibility and outcomes of laparoscopic pyeloplasty in children with complex ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) and compare to children with iso-lated UPJO without associated urinary tract abnormalities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical records of 82 consecutive children submitted to transperitoneal laparoscopic pyeloplasty in a 12-year period were reviewed. Eleven cases were con-sidered complex, consisting of atypical anatomy including horseshoe kidneys in 6 patients, pelvic kidneys in 3 patients, and a duplex collecting system in 2 patients...
January 26, 2018: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Qiuzhao Zhang, Wei Yang, Shubi Zhang, Xin Liu
Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) carrier phase measurement for short baseline meets the requirements of deformation monitoring of large structures. However, the carrier phase multipath effect is the main error source with double difference (DD) processing. There are lots of methods to deal with the multipath errors of Global Position System (GPS) carrier phase data. The BeiDou navigation satellite System (BDS) multipath mitigation is still a research hotspot because the unique constellation design of BDS makes it different to mitigate multipath effects compared to GPS...
January 12, 2018: Sensors
Tomasz Mazur, Slawomir Lach, Bartosz A Grzybowski
A metal surface passivated with a tightly packed self-assembled monolayer (SAM) can be made catalytically active upon the metal's mechanical deformation. This deformation renders the SAM sparser and exposes additional catalytic sites on the metal's surface. If the deformation is elastic, return of the metal to the original shape "heals" the SAM and nearly extinguishes the catalytic activity. Kelvin probe force microscopy and theoretical considerations both indicate that the catalytic domains "opening up" in the deformed SAM are of nanoscopic dimensions...
December 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"