keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Puerto Rico

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913620/pb1-f2-derived-from-avian-influenza-a-virus-h7n9-induces-inflammation-via-activation-of-the-nlrp3-inflammasome
#1
Anita Pinar, Jennifer K Dowling, Natalie J Bitto, Avril B Robertson, Eicke Latz, Cameron R Stewart, Grant R Drummond, Matthew A Cooper, Julie L McAuley, Michelle D Tate, Ashley Mansell
The emergence of avian H7N9 influenza A virus (IAV) in humans with associated high mortality, has highlighted the threat of a potential pandemic. Fatal H7N9 infections are characterised by hyperinflammation and increased cellular infiltrates in the lung. Currently there are limited therapies to address the pathologies associated with H7N9 infection and what virulence factors may contribute to these pathologies. We have found that PB1-F2 derived from H7N9 activates the NLRP3 inflammasome and induces lung inflammation and cellular recruitment that is NLRP3 dependent...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902502/zika-virus-and-patient-blood-management
#2
Lawrence T Goodnough, Marisa B Marques
Sporadic Zika virus infections had only occurred in Africa and Asia until an outbreak in Micronesia (Oceania) in 2007. In 2013 to 2014, several outer Pacific Islands reported local outbreaks. Soon thereafter, the virus was likely introduced in Brazil from competing athletes from French Polynesia and other countries that participated in a competition there. Transmission is thought to have occurred through mosquito bites and spread to the immunologically naive population. Being also a flavivirus, the Zika virus is transmitted by the Aedes mosquito that is endemic in South and Central America that is also the vector of West Nile virus, dengue, and chikungunya...
November 29, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901627/effects-of-pediatric-asthma-care-coordination-in-underserved-communities-on-parent-perceptions-of-care-and-asthma-management-confidence
#3
Mary R Janevic, Alan P Baptist, Tyra Bryant-Stephens, Marielena Lara, Victoria Persky, Gilberto Ramos-Valencia, Kimberly Uyeda, Rebecca Hazan, Ashley Garrity, Floyd J Malveaux
OBJECTIVE: Disparities by race and socioeconomic status persist in pediatric asthma morbidity, mortality, and treatment. Improving parent/provider communication and parents' asthma-management confidence may result in better asthma control in vulnerable populations. The Merck Childhood Asthma Network, Inc. funded an initiative to implement medical-social care coordination to improve asthma outcomes at sites in four low-income, urban communities (Los Angeles, CA; Philadelphia, PA; Chicago, IL; and San Juan, PR...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898170/peripartum-cardiomyopathy-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-center-in-puerto-rico
#4
Anthony D Osterman-Pla, Ronald López-Cepero, Luis Jiménez, Josefina Romaguera, Juan Aranda
OBJECTIVE: Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare type of heart failure to which only pregnant women are susceptible. In Puerto Rico there is a paucity of information regarding this condition. In this report we describe our experience with peripartum cardiomyopathy. METHODS: This was a descriptive retrospective study. We conducted a chart review of all the patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy managed at our institution from January 2006 through December 2012. A total of 12 patients qualified for our analysis...
December 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898169/cross-sectional-analysis-of-progressive-familial-intrahepatic-cholestasis-in-puerto-rican-children
#5
Dellys M Soler, Antonio I Del Valle, David Fernandez-Lube, Benjamin L Shneider
OBJECTIVE: Specific inherited disorders may be more common in island communities. Prior case reports suggest that cholestatic liver diseases may constitute a group of these inherited disorders in Puerto Rico. A cross-sectional survey of liver diseases in children was conducted to assess this hypothesis. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was performed in patients with chronic cholestasis at "Hospital Pediátrico Universitario" in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Ten potential participants with high gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGTP) cholestasis were identified...
December 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898168/the-association-between-t-pa-administration-and-in-hospital-mortality-following-acute-ischemic-stroke-in-puerto-rican-patients
#6
Kevin Shah, Samuel Kohrman, Suehyb Alkhatib, Juan González, Fernando Santiago, Marcia Varella, Juan Zevallos
OBJECTIVE: Despite being the standard of care, thrombolytic therapy with tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) is currently administered to only 5% of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients in the United States. Published scientific information regarding both the use of t-PA for AIS in Hispanic patients and its impact on short-term mortality is scarce. The objectives of this study are to investigate, among Puerto Rican patients hospitalized with AIS, the rate of t-PA administration, and the risk of in-hospital mortality in patients who received t-PA vs...
December 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898167/nsaids-prescription-prevalence-after-a-cardiovascular-event-related-hospitalization-in-medicaid-beneficiaries-from-puerto-rico
#7
Suzette M Vélez, José J Hernández, Sasha M Davis, María G Almodóvar, José R Mercado
OBJECTIVE: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly prescribed for pain and inflammation. NSAIDs are associated with serious adverse effects and cardiovascular (CV) risks that include myocardial infarction, stroke and heart failure. In the period of time immediately after a CV event, modification to the drug therapy regimen and lifestyle habits should be instituted to decrease morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study is to measure the prevalence of NSAIDs prescribing in the immediate 90 days after a CV-related hospitalization in Medicaid beneficiaries in Puerto Rico...
December 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898166/neither-10-nor-14-day-sequential-treatment-is-better-than-standard-triple-therapy-for-helicobacter-pylori-eradication
#8
Emanuel Warrington, Orlando López-Román, Rafael Tirado Montijo, Rafael Urbina, Marcia Cruz-Correa, Doris H Toro
OBJECTIVE: Helicobacter pylori is a bacterial pathogen associated with chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, gastric adenocarcinoma, and gastric mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. Current treatment guidelines support a 7- to 14-day, triple-drug protocol consisting of a proton-pump inhibitor (PPI), clarithromycin, and either amoxicillin or an imidazole. The initial eradication rates for this regimen were 80 to 90%. Nevertheless its effectiveness has declined as the antibiotic resistance to clarithromycin and metronidazole has emerged...
December 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898165/sinus-augmentation-and-simultaneous-implant-placement-success-pilot-study-2008-2011
#9
Melissa Tormos, Jose Morales, Natalia Guevara, Augusto R Elías, Lydia López, Omar García
OBJECTIVE: 1) To describe implant success in the posterior maxillary when a sinus augmentation procedure was performed simultaneously with implant placement and then compare differences in success when sinus augmentation was delayed in patients attending the maxillofacial surgery clinic of the University of Puerto Rico, 2008 through 2011. 2) To determine sociodemographic characteristics, ASA classification, graft material, and final restoration and, using a questionnaire, determine as well patient satisfaction...
December 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898163/the-puerto-rico-journal-of-public-health-and-tropical-medicine-1925-1950-from-a-health-department-bulletin-to-a-upr-school-of-tropical-medicine-scientific-journal
#10
Raúl Mayo-Santana
This essay presents a history of the scientific journal of the University of Puerto Rico, School of Tropical Medicine (STM) under the auspices of Columbia University: The Puerto Rico Journal of Public Health and Tropical Medicine. This is the third article in a historical series about the STM, and includes supporting information relevant to the forthcoming articles on the school's scientific endeavors. This article is conceived as a history from the perspective of the literature of journal genre in the field of tropical medicine...
December 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895679/the-impact-of-body-mass-index-on-dosimetric-quality-in-low-dose-rate-prostate-brachytherapy
#11
Michelle I Echevarria, Arash O Naghavi, Puja S Venkat, Yazan A Abuodeh, Carlos Chevere, Kosj Yamoah
PURPOSE: Low-dose-rate (LDR) brachytherapy has been established as an effective and safe treatment option for men with low and intermediate risk prostate cancer. In this retrospective analysis, we sought to study the effect of body mass index (BMI) on post-implant dosimetric quality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After institutional approval, records of patients with non-metastatic prostate cancer treated in Puerto Rico with LDR brachytherapy during 2008-2013 were reviewed...
October 2016: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882783/communication-about-sex-and-hpv-among-puerto-rican-mothers-and-daughters
#12
Vivian Colón-López, Natalie Fernández-Espada, Camille Vélez, Velda J Gonzalez, Elba C Diaz-Toro, William A Calo, Lara S Savas, Angela Pattatucci, María E Fernández
OBJECTIVE: Although opportunities to vaccinate against human papillomavirus (HPV) are available, vaccination rates in Puerto Rico remain low. Communication between parents and adolescents about sexual topics may influence decisions about HPV vaccination uptake, particularly among young women; yet, few studies have addressed this issue. This qualitative study explored Puerto Rican mothers' and daughters' communication on sex-related topics, and HPV, including the HPV vaccine. DESIGN: Thirty participants, including 9 mothers and 21 daughters, participated in seven focus groups...
November 24, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881480/generation-of-signs-within-semantic-and-phonological-categories-data-from-deaf-adults-and-children-who-use-american-sign-language
#13
Jennifer S Beal-Alvarez, Daileen M Figueroa
Two key areas of language development include semantic and phonological knowledge. Semantic knowledge relates to word and concept knowledge. Phonological knowledge relates to how language parameters combine to create meaning. We investigated signing deaf adults' and children's semantic and phonological sign generation via one-minute tasks, including animals, foods, and specific handshapes. We investigated the effects of chronological age, age of sign language acquisition/years at school site, gender, presence of a disability, and geographical location (i...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867430/evaluation-in-mouse-model-of-combined-virus-bacterial-vaccine-based-on-attenuated-influenza-a-h7n3-virus-and-the-group-b-streptococcus-recombinant-polypeptides
#14
Yulia A Desheva, Galina F Leontieva, Tatiana A Kramskaya, Tatiana A Smolonogina, Kornelia B Grabovskaya, Irina V Kiseleva, Larisa G Rudenko, Alexander N Suvorov
BACKGROUND: Secondary bacterial influenza complications are a common cause of excesses morbidity and mortality, which determines the need to develop means for specific prophylaxis. Group B streptococcal infection is especially common cause of pneumonia among children and the elderly with underlying conditions. Here we investigate in a mouse model the effects of combined intranasal immunization using live attenuated influenza vaccine and recombinant polypeptides based on group B Streptococcus surface proteins...
2016: Open Microbiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862904/baseline-blood-pressure-control-in-hispanics-characteristics-of-hispanics-in-the-systolic-blood-pressure-intervention-trial
#15
Carlos J Rodriguez, Carolyn H Still, Katelyn R Garcia, Lynne Wagenknecht, Suzanne White, Jeffrey T Bates, Margareth V Del Cid, Michael Lioudis, Nieves Lopez Barrera, Abel Moreyra, Henry Punzi, Robert J Ringer, William C Cushman, Gabriel Contreras, Karen Servilla, Michael Rocco
The Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) tested whether a systolic blood pressure (SBP) value <120 mm Hg reduces adverse clinical outcomes compared with the goal of <140 mm Hg. Here the authors describe the baseline characteristics of Hispanic participants in SPRINT. Nondiabetic hypertensive patients 50 years and older with SBP 130-180 mm Hg taking zero to four blood pressure (BP) medications were enrolled from the mainland United States and Puerto Rico. Cross-sectional, bivariate analysis was employed comparing sociodemographic and clinical factors in Hispanics vs non-Hispanics...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861598/contrasting-patterns-of-clinal-genetic-diversity-and-potential-colonization-pathways-in-two-species-of-western-atlantic-fiddler-crabs
#16
Claudia Laurenzano, Tânia M Costa, Christoph D Schubart
Fiddler crabs (Brachyura, Ocypodidae), like many other marine organisms, disperse via planktonic larvae. A lengthy pelagic larval duration is generally assumed to result in genetic connectivity even among distant populations. However, major river outflows, such as of the Amazon or Orinoco, or strong currents may act as phylogeographic barriers to ongoing gene flow. For example, the Mona Passage, located between Puerto Rico and Hispaniola, has been postulated to impair larval exchange of several species. In this study, Cox1 mtDNA data was used to analyze population genetic structure of two fiddler crab species from the western Atlantic, comparing the continental coastline and Caribbean islands...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859154/generalist-birds-promote-tropical-forest-regeneration-and-increase-plant-diversity-via-rare-biased-seed-dispersal
#17
Tomás A Carlo, Juan M Morales
Regenerated forests now compose over half of the world's tropical forest cover and are increasingly important as providers of ecosystem services, freshwater, and biodiversity conservation. Much of the value and functionality of regenerating forests depends on the plant diversity they contain. Tropical forest diversity is strongly shaped by mutualistic interactions between plants and fruit-eating animals (frugivores) that disperse seeds. Here we show how seed dispersal by birds can influence the speed and diversity of early successional forests in Puerto Rico...
July 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855312/age-related-differences-in-fatal-intersection-crashes-in-the-united-states
#18
David A Lombardi, William J Horrey, Theodore K Courtney
OBJECTIVE: Given the aging U.S. population and resulting number of older drivers in the coming years, it is important to understand the factors leading to their involvement in vehicle crashes and develop counter-measures to reduce their frequency and severity. This is also useful for helping older adults "age in place" in terms of accessibility, mobility, quality of life and safety. Thus, the objective of this study was to provide up-to-date data on differences in age-related risks and rates for involvement in fatal intersection motor-vehicle crashes in the US...
November 14, 2016: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854217/prevalence-and-genetic-profile-of-duchene-and-becker-muscular-dystrophy-in-puerto-rico
#19
Edwardo Ramos, José G Conde, Rafael Arias Berrios, Sherly Pardo, Omar Gómez, Manuel F Mas Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Duchenne and Becker Muscular Dystrophy (DMD and BMD, respectively), are common forms of inherited muscle disease. Information regarding the epidemiology of these conditions, including genotype, is still sparse. OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence and genetic profile of DMD and BMD in Puerto Rico. METHODS: We collected data from medical records in all Muscular Dystrophy Association (MDA) clinics in Puerto Rico in order to estimate the prevalence of DMD and BMD and to describe the genotypic profile of these patients...
May 27, 2016: Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851442/1807-zika-virus-outbreak-and-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-in-puerto-rico-2016
#20
Wilma González-Barreto, Gloria Rodriguez-Vega, José Rodríguez-Vázquez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
keyword
keyword
28428
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"