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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931153/the-coffee-berry-borer-coleoptera-curculionidae-in-puerto-rico-distribution-infestation-and-population-per-fruit
#1
Yobana A Mariño, Victor J Vega, José M García, José C Verle Rodrigues, Noelia M García, Paul Bayman
The coffee berry borer (CBB) (Hypothenemus hampei: Ferrar) was first detected in Puerto Rico in 2007. Its distribution since then has been extensive, but not extensively documented. An island-wide survey was carried out from August to November 2014 (the coffee production season) to assess CBB distribution, infestation, and population per fruit. The CBB was well-established throughout the coffee-growing area of Puerto Rico, but was not evenly distributed. Infestation (or percentages of fruits perforated) in sites sampled ranged from 0 to 95%, and CBB number per infested fruit varied from 1 to 34 individuals...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931018/pyrethroid-resistance-alters-the-blood-feeding-behavior-in-puerto-rican-aedes-aegypti-mosquitoes-exposed-to-treated-fabric
#2
Natasha M Agramonte, Jeffrey R Bloomquist, Ulrich R Bernier
Emerging insecticide resistance is a major issue for vector control. It decreases the effectiveness of insecticides, thereby requiring greater quantities for comparable control with a net increase in risk of disease resurgence, product cost, and damage risk to the ecosystem. Pyrethroid resistance has been documented in Puerto Rican populations of Aedes aegypti (L.) mosquitoes. In this study, topical toxicity of five insecticides (permethrin, etofenprox, deltamethrin, DDT, transfluthrin) was determined for susceptible (Orlando-ORL) and resistant (Puerto Rico-PR) strains of Ae...
September 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925024/complete-characterization-of-new-isolates-of-neptunomonas-phycophila-leads-to-emend-its-description-and-opens-possibilities-of-biotechnological-applications
#3
Ana L Diéguez, Phillip Pichon, Sabela Balboa, Thorolf Magnesen, Jesús L Romalde
Five strains were isolated from gonad of Great scallop (Pecten maximus) broodstock in a Norwegian hatchery. The study of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that these isolates belong to Neptunomonas phycophila, a bacterium originally isolated from a symbiont of the anemone Aiptasia tagetes from Puerto Rico. The gyrB and rpoB genes sequences confirmed the affiliation of the scallop isolates to this species. Phenotypic characterization was performed and some differences between the Norwegian isolates and the type strain of N...
September 18, 2017: MicrobiologyOpen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919943/-identification-of-positive-youth-development-interventions
#4
Lili M Sardiñas, Viviana Padilla, Mari Aponte, Ana Morales Boscio, Coralee Pérez Pedrogo, Betzaida Santiago, Ángela Pérez Morales, Paloma Torres Dávila, Marizaida Sánchez Cesáreo
There are more people in the world in the youth stage of development than in any other stage of development. The youth in Puerto Rico faces many situations that affect their development and readiness for adulthood. Therefore, it's imperative to identify evidence-based positive youth development interventions to develop practices that help young people prevent adverse situations, promote positive experiences and encourage children and young people to be involved and committed. One hundred and forty seven interventions were identified through a traditional scientific literature review...
January 2017: Revista Puertorriqueña de Psicología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915306/cost-utility-study-of-warfarin-genotyping-in-the-vachs-affiliated-anticoagulation-clinic-of-puerto-rico
#5
Carlos Martes-Martinez, Cristian Méndez-Sepúlveda, Joel Millán-Molina, Matthew French-Kim, Heriberto Marín-Centeno, Giselle C Rivera-Miranda, José J Hernández-Muñoz, Jorge Duconge-Soler
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cost-utility of the pharmacogenetic-guided dosing of warfarin (PGx), when compared to the current dosing strategy. METHODS: A Markov model was developed to assess the impact of the genotypingguided warfarin dosing in a hypothetical cohort of patients. The model was based on the percentage of time patients spent within the therapeutic international normalized ratio (INR) range (PTTR). PTTR estimates and genotype distribution were derived from a cohort of patients (n = 206) treated in the Veteran Affairs Caribbean Healthcare System (VACHS) and from results of other research study...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915305/trauma-epidemiology-of-women-in-puerto-rico-2002-2011
#6
Sofía Muns-Aponte, Omar García-Rodríguez, Ediel O Ramos-Meléndez, Pablo Rodríguez-Ortiz
OBJECTIVE: Recent literature has suggested that trauma is heterogenic and that physiological response to it differs between sexes. The study represented in this manuscript aimed to describe gender differences in the mortality rates of trauma patients at the Puerto Rico Trauma Hospital (PRTH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study performed at PRTH. A total of 14,874 injured patients admitted to the hospital from 2002 to 2011 were included in the sample and divided into 2 groups, based on sex...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915302/prevalence-of-gingivitis-in-a-group-of-35-to-70-year-olds-residing-in-puerto-rico
#7
Augusto R Elías-Boneta, Angeliz Encarnación, Sona Rivas-Tumanyan, Beatriz C Berríos-Ouslán, Bayardo García-Godoy, Margarita Murillo, Jomar Diaz-Nicolas, Ferdinand Lugo, Milagros J Toro
OBJECTIVE: Gingivitis, an inflammation of the gingival tissues, typically progresses to periodontitis. The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of gingivitis in 35- to 70-year-olds residing in San Juan, Puerto Rico, and assess the differences in gingivitis distribution between age and gender groups. METHODS: A cross-sectional epidemiological study was conducted with a sample of patients from a private practice and patients/employees of the Puerto Rico Medical Center...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915301/the-work-of-us-public-health-service-officers-in-puerto-rico-1898-1919
#8
Jose G Rigau-Pérez
The history of the US Public Health Service (PHS) is usually presented in terms of diseases or discoveries; this article examines twenty years' activity in one location. When the United States invaded Puerto Rico in 1898, the Marine Hospital Service (now PHS) took responsibility for foreign quarantine, inspection of immigrants, and medical care for merchant seamen. Its officers evaluated the sanitary conditions of port cities, helped reorganize local disease surveillance and control, and investigated endemic diseases (e...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915300/inflammation-in-osteoarthritis
#9
Salvador Vilá
Advances in the understanding of chondrocytes and the synovial membrane as targets of and participants in the inflammatory process in articular joints have provided insights into the role of inflammation in cartilage and subchondral bone injury in rheumatic diseases. Reports that describe the inflammatory cellular infiltration of synovial membranes in patients with osteoarthritis, studies that associate cartilage structural injury with synovial membrane inflammatory status, the development of new imaging modalities that quantitatively measure synovial membrane inflammation and basic science advances that explore inflammatory pathways in the synovial cavity all suggest that inflammation plays an important role in cartilage injury in osteoarthritis...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912065/taino-and-african-maternal-heritage-in-the-greater-antilles
#10
Areej Bukhari, Javier Rodriguez Luis, Miguel A Alfonso-Sanchez, Ralph Garcia-Bertrand, Rene J Herrera
Notwithstanding the general interest and the geopolitical importance of the island countries in the Greater Antilles, little is known about the specific ancestral Native American and African populations that settled them. In an effort to alleviate this lacuna of information on the genetic constituents of the Greater Antilles, we comprehensively compared the mtDNA compositions of Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica and Puerto Rico. To accomplish this, the mtDNA HVRI and HVRII regions, as well as coding diagnostic sites, were assessed in the Haitian general population and compared to data from reference populations...
September 11, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910267/surveillance-for-certain-health-behaviors-and-conditions-among-states-and-selected-local-areas-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system-united-states-2013-and-2014
#11
Sonya Gamble, Tebitha Mawokomatanda, Fang Xu, Pranesh P Chowdhury, Carol Pierannunzi, David Flegel, William Garvin, Machell Town
PROBLEM: Chronic diseases and conditions (e.g., heart diseases, stroke, arthritis, and diabetes) are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. These conditions are costly to the U.S. economy, yet they are often preventable or controllable. Behavioral risk factors (e.g., excessive alcohol consumption, tobacco use, poor diet, frequent mental distress, and insufficient sleep) are linked to the leading causes of morbidity and mortality. Adopting positive health behaviors (e...
September 15, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904785/genomic-timetree-and-historical-biogeography-of-caribbean-island-ameiva-lizards-pholidoscelis-teiidae
#12
Derek B Tucker, Stephen Blair Hedges, Guarino R Colli, Robert Alexander Pyron, Jack W Sites
The phylogenetic relationships and biogeographic history of Caribbean island ameivas (Pholidoscelis) are not well-known because of incomplete sampling, conflicting datasets, and poor support for many clades. Here, we use phylogenomic and mitochondrial DNA datasets to reconstruct a well-supported phylogeny and assess historical colonization patterns in the group. We obtained sequence data from 316 nuclear loci and one mitochondrial marker for 16 of 19 extant species of the Caribbean endemic genus Pholidoscelis...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902845/clinical-and-epidemiologic-characteristics-of-dengue-and-other-etiologic-agents-among-patients-with-acute-febrile-illness-puerto-rico-2012-2015
#13
Kay M Tomashek, Olga D Lorenzi, Doris A Andújar-Pérez, Brenda C Torres-Velásquez, Elizabeth A Hunsperger, Jorge Luis Munoz-Jordan, Janice Perez-Padilla, Aidsa Rivera, Gladys E Gonzalez-Zeno, Tyler M Sharp, Renee L Galloway, Mindy Glass Elrod, Demetrius L Mathis, M Steven Oberste, W Allan Nix, Elizabeth Henderson, Jennifer McQuiston, Joseph Singleton, Cecilia Kato, Carlos García Gubern, William Santiago-Rivera, Jesús Cruz-Correa, Robert Muns-Sosa, Juan D Ortiz-Rivera, Gerson Jiménez, Ivonne E Galarza, Kalanthe Horiuchi, Harold S Margolis, Luisa I Alvarado
Identifying etiologies of acute febrile illnesses (AFI) is challenging due to non-specific presentation and limited availability of diagnostics. Prospective AFI studies provide a methodology to describe the syndrome by age and etiology, findings that can be used to develop case definitions and multiplexed diagnostics to optimize management. We conducted a 3-year prospective AFI study in Puerto Rico. Patients with fever ≤7 days were offered enrollment, and clinical data and specimens were collected at enrollment and upon discharge or follow-up...
September 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891715/-where-it-falls-apart-barriers-to-retention-in-hiv-care-in-latino-immigrants-and-migrants
#14
Julie H Levison, Laura M Bogart, Iman F Khan, Dianna Mejia, Hortensia Amaro, Margarita Alegría, Steven Safren
Latino immigrants in the United States are disproportionately affected by HIV. Barriers to consistent attendance (retention) in HIV primary care constrain opportunities for HIV treatment success, but have not been specifically assessed in this population. We conducted semistructured interviews with 37 HIV-infected Latinos (aged ≥18 years and born in Puerto Rico or a Latin American Spanish-speaking country) and 14 HIV providers in metropolitan Boston (total n = 51). The Andersen Model of Healthcare Utilization informed a semistructured interview guide, which bilingual research staff used to explore barriers to HIV care...
September 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891344/when-the-cure-is-the-risk-understanding-how-substance-use-affects-hiv-and-hcv-in-a-layered-risk-environment-in-san-juan-puerto-rico
#15
Diana Hernández, Pedro C Castellón, Yohansa Fernández, Francisco A Torres-Cardona, Carrigan Parish, Danielle Gorshein, Jose Vargas Vidot, Sandra Miranda de Leon, Allan Rodriguez, Jorge Santana Bagur, Daniel J Feaster, Bruce R Schackman, Lisa R Metsch
BACKGROUND: Substance use, particularly injection drug use, continues to fuel the HIV/HCV (hepatitis C virus) epidemics in San Juan, Puerto Rico (PR). AIM: This article examines individual and sociostructural factors that affect HIV/HCV risk among people who use drugs (PWUD) living with or at risk for HIV/HCV in San Juan, PR. Findings were used to inform a community-level intervention to enhance HIV care access and retention for this population. METHOD: A rapid ethnographic assessment in collaboration with a community-based organization was conducted...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886889/anti-influenza-activity-of-diazaadamantanes-combined-with-monoterpene-moieties
#16
Evgeniy Suslov, Vladimir V Zarubaev, Alexander V Slita, Konstantin Ponomarev, Dina Korchagina, Daniel M Ayine-Tora, Jóhannes Reynisson, Konstantin Volcho, Nariman Salakhutdinov
The antiviral activity of several diaza-adamantanes containing monoterpenoid moieties against a rimantadine-resistant strain of the influenza A/Puerto Rico/8/34 (H1N1) virus was studied. Hetero-adamantanes containing monoterpene moieties at the aminal position of the heterocycle were found to exhibit lower activity compared to compounds with a diaza-adamantane fragment and a monoterpene moiety linked via an amino group at the 6-position of the hetero-adamantane ring. The highest selectivity index (a ratio of the 50% cytotoxic concentration to the 50% inhibitory concentration) out of 30 was observed for compound 8d, which contains a citronellal monoterpenoid moiety...
September 1, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885519/preparing-global-trauma-nurses-for-leadership-roles-in-global-trauma-systems
#17
Sol Angelica Muñiz, Richard W Lang, Lisa Falcon, Jasmine Garces-King, Suzanne Willard, Gregory L Peck
Trauma leads to 5.7 million annual deaths globally, accounting for 25%-33% of global unintentional deaths and 90% of the global trauma burden in low- and middle-income countries. The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery and the World Health Organization assert that emergent and essential surgical capacity building and trauma system improvement are essential to address the global burden of trauma. In response, the Rutgers Global Surgery program, the School of Nursing and Medicine, and the Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital faculty collaborated in the first Interprofessional Models in Global Injury Care and Education Symposium in June 2016...
September 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885225/rey-osterrieth-complex-figure-copy-and-immediate-recall-3-minutes-normative-data-for-spanish-speaking-pediatric-populations
#18
J C Arango-Lasprilla, D Rivera, M M Erlt, J M Muñoz Mancilla, C E García-Guerrero, W Rodriguez-Irizarry, A Aguayo Arelis, Y Rodríguez-Agudelo, M D Barrios Nevado, M Vélez-Coto, T P Yacelga Ponce, A Rigabert, C García de la Cadena, S Pohlenz Amador, E Vergara-Moragues, M Soto-Añari, A I Peñalver Guia, M Saracostti Schwartzman, R Ferrer-Cascales
OBJECTIVE: To generate normative data for the Rey- Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) in Spanish-speaking pediatric populations. METHOD: The sample consisted of 4,373 healthy children from nine countries in Latin America (Chile, Cuba, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, and Puerto Rico) and Spain. Each participant was administered the ROCF as part of a larger neuropsychological battery. The ROCF copy and immediate recall (3 minutes) scores were normed using multiple linear regressions and standard deviations of residual values...
September 5, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883440/mechanism-and-dna-based-detection-of-field-evolved-resistance-to-transgenic-bt-corn-in-fall-armyworm-spodoptera-frugiperda
#19
Rahul Banerjee, James Hasler, Robert Meagher, Rodney Nagoshi, Lucas Hietala, Fangneng Huang, Kenneth Narva, Juan Luis Jurat-Fuentes
Evolution of resistance threatens sustainability of transgenic crops producing insecticidal proteins from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt). The fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) is a devastating pest of corn in the Western Hemisphere initially controlled by transgenic Bt corn producing the Cry1Fa insecticidal protein (event TC1507). However field-evolved resistance to TC1507 was observed in Puerto Rico in 2007 and has subsequently been reported in a number of locations in North and South America...
September 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880420/latent-risk-subtypes-based-on-injection-and-sexual-behavior-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-rural-puerto-rico
#20
Dane Hautala, Roberto Abadie, Courtney Thrash, Juan Carlos Reyes, Kirk Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) in Puerto Rico engage in high levels of injection and sexual risk behavior, and they are at high risk for HIV and hepatitis C (HCV) infection, relative to their US counterparts. Less is known, however, about the clustering of risk behavior conducive to HIV and HCV infection among rural Puerto Rican communities. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine concurrent injection and sexual risk subtypes among a rural sample of PWID in Puerto Rico...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
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