keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical activity, adolescents

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215023/hpa-axis-activation-as-a-key-moderator-of-childhood-trauma-exposure-and-adolescent-mental-health
#1
Kate R Kuhlman, Elisa G Geiss, Ivan Vargas, Nestor Lopez-Duran
Individual differences in a child's sensitivity to stress may influence whether youth exposed to trauma develop symptoms of psychopathology. We examined the interaction between HPA-axis reactivity to an acute stressor and exposure to different types of childhood trauma as predictors of mental health symptoms in a sample of youth. Youth (n = 121, ages 9-16; 47% female) completed a standardized stress task, including 5 post-stress salivary cortisol samples. Parents also completed the Child Behavior Checklist as a measure of child internalizing and externalizing symptoms in the past month, and completed the Early Trauma Inventory (ETI) as a measure of their child's trauma exposure...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213755/pedagogical-approaches-to-and-effects-of-fundamental-movement-skill-interventions-on-health-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Claire Tompsett, Ross Sanders, Caitlin Taylor, Stephen Cobley
BACKGROUND: Fundamental movement skills (FMS) are assumed to be the basic prerequisite motor movements underpinning coordination of more integrated and advanced movement capabilities. FMS development and interventions have been associated with several beneficial health outcomes in individual studies. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to identify FMS intervention characteristics that could be optimised to attain beneficial outcomes in children and adolescents, while the secondary aim was to update the evidence as to the efficacy of FMS interventions on physiological, psychological and behavioural health outcomes...
February 18, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211649/insufficient-sleep-in-adolescents-causes-and-consequences
#3
Judith A Owens, Miriam R Weiss
Insufficient sleep poses an important and complicated set of health risks in the adolescent population. Not only is deficient sleep (defined as both sleep duration inadequate to meet sleep needs and sleep timing misaligned with the body's circadian rhythms) at epidemic levels in this population, but the contributing factors are both complex and numerous and there are a myriad of negative physical and mental health, safety and performance consequences. Causes of inadequate sleep identified in this population include internal biological processes such as the normal shift (delay) in circadian rhythm that occurs in association with puberty and a developmentally-based slowing of the "sleep drive", and external factors including extracurricular activities, excessive homework load, evening use of electronic media, caffeine intake and early school start times...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211549/review-of-health-and-risk-behaviours-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-behaviours-in-young-europeans-on-the-basis-of-the-results-from-the-eu-funded-saving-and-empowering-young-lives-in-europe-seyle-study
#4
REVIEW
Danuta Wasserman
An estimated 800 000 suicide deaths occur worldwide. The global suicide rate is 11.4 per 100 000 population; 15.0/100 000 for males and 8.0/100 000 for females. Globally, suicide is the second leading cause of death in 15-29 year olds. In a collaborative effort to reduce the high rates of suicide and mental health problems among youth across Europe, the European Union 7th Framework funded the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project. SEYLE is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) aimed to promote mental health and healthy lifestyles, while preventing psychopathology and suicidal behaviours among adolescents...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210748/risk-factors-associated-with-abdominal-obesity-in-suburban-adolescents-from-a-malaysian-district
#5
Wai Fong Chew, Pooi Pooi Leong, Sook Fan Yap, A Malik Yasmin, Kong Bung Choo, Gary Kim Kuan Low, Nem Yun Boo
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to determine the risk factors associated with abdominal obesity (AO) in suburban adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included adolescents aged 15-17 years from five randomly selected secondary schools in the Hulu Langat district of Selangor State, Malaysia. Waist circumference (WC) was measured at the midpoint between the lower margin of last palpable rib and the top of iliac crest. Information on sociodemographic data, dietary habits, physical activity levels and duration of sleep was obtained via interviewer-administered questionnaires...
February 17, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210658/patellar-maltracking-persists-in-adolescent-females-with-patellofemoral-pain-a-longitudinal-study
#6
Victor R Carlson, Barry P Boden, Aricia Shen, Jennifer N Jackson, Katharine E Alter, Frances T Sheehan
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain is one of the most common conditions seen in sports medicine practices, particularly among adolescent females. However, the natural history of the underlying pathology in patellofemoral pain during puberty remains poorly understood. PURPOSE: The purpose of this longitudinal study is to assess changes in patellar maltracking patterns in subjects with patellofemoral pain as they mature from mid- to late adolescence. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207843/allergic-rhinitis-atopic-dermatitis-and-asthma-are-associated-with-differences-in-school-performance-among-korean-adolescents
#7
So Young Kim, Min-Su Kim, Bumjung Park, Jin-Hwan Kim, Hyo Geun Choi
Several studies have reported negative relations between allergic diseases and school performance but have not simultaneously considered various allergic diseases, including allergic rhinitis, asthma, and atopic dermatitis, and only examined a limited number of participants. The present study investigated the associations of allergic rhinitis, asthma, and atopic dermatitis with school performance in a large, representative Korean adolescent population. A total of 299,695 7th through 12th grade students participated in the Korea Youth Risk Behaviour Web-based Survey (KYRBWS) from 2009 to 2013...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207820/objectively-measured-versus-self-reported-physical-activity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cancer
#8
Miriam Götte, Corinna Caroline Seidel, Sabine Verena Kesting, Dieter Rosenbaum, Joachim Boos
OBJECTIVE: Existing research recognizes low levels of physical activity in pediatric patients with cancer, but much uncertainty exists about their capability to self-reflect physical activity levels. The objective of this study was to compare results of subjective self-reports and objective accelerometers regarding levels of daily walking as well as moderate-to-vigorous physical activities. METHODS: Results of the objective assessment tool StepWatchTM Activity Monitor and self-reporting with a standardized questionnaire were compared in 28 children and adolescents during cancer treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203603/physical-activity-level-and-sport-participation-in-relation-to-musculoskeletal-pain-in-a-population-based-study-of-adolescents-the-young-hunt-study
#9
Maren Hjelle Guddal, Synne Øien Stensland, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Marianne Bakke Johnsen, John-Anker Zwart, Kjersti Storheim
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among adolescents is high, and pain in adolescence increases the risk of chronic pain in adulthood. Studies have shown conflicting evidence regarding associations between physical activity and musculoskeletal pain, and few have evaluated the potential impact of sport participation on musculoskeletal pain in adolescent population samples. PURPOSE: To examine the associations between physical activity level, sport participation, and musculoskeletal pain in the neck and shoulders, low back, and lower extremities in a population-based sample of adolescents...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203256/the-correlation-of-depression-with-internet-use-and-body-image-in-korean-adolescents
#10
Chang Hoon Lim, Eun Ji Kim, Jong Hyun Kim, Jue Seong Lee, Yoon Lee, Sang Hee Park
PURPOSE: To examine the correlation of depression with Internet use and body image perception, and to analyze the risk factors of depression in a total of 920 students in Seoul, Korea. METHODS: Students were recruited by contacting school principals and teachers and were encouraged to fill out a self-report questionnaire designed specifically for this study in July of 2008. RESULTS: Female participants had an increased risk for depression than did male participants (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1...
January 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197890/relationships-among-diet-physical-activity-and-dual-plane-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-bone-outcomes-in-pre-pubertalgirls
#11
Jie Ren, Lynn S Brann, Kay S Bruening, Tamara A Scerpella, Jodi N Dowthwaite
: In pre-pubertal girls, nutrient intakes and non-aquatic organized activity were evaluated as factors in vertebral body bone mass, structure, and strength. Activity, vitamin B12, and dietary fiber predicted bone outcomes most consistently. Exercise and vitamin B12 appear beneficial, whereas high fiber intake appears to be adverse for vertebral body development. PURPOSE: Childhood development sets the baseline for adult fracture risk. Most studies evaluate development using postero-anterior (PA) dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) areal bone mineral density, bone mineral content, and bone mineral apparent density...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196030/physical-activities-and-lifestyle-factors-related-to-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#12
Kota Watanabe, Takehiro Michikawa, Ikuho Yonezawa, Masashi Takaso, Shohei Minami, Shigeru Soshi, Takashi Tsuji, Eijiro Okada, Katsumi Abe, Masamichi Takahashi, Keiko Asakura, Yuji Nishiwaki, Morio Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: In addition to genetic factors, environmental and lifestyle factors are thought to play an important role in the onset of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). This cross-sectional study was conducted to explore lifestyle factors related to AIS. METHODS: This study included 2,759 Japanese female junior high school students who planned a secondary screening after an initial moiré topography screening indicated possible scoliosis. The students and their mothers, or guardians, were asked to fill out a questionnaire consisting of 38 questions about demographic factors, lifestyle-related factors, social factors, household environment, participation in sports, health status, and factors related to the mother's pregnancy and delivery...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194200/relationship-between-observational-learning-and-health-belief-with-physical-activity-among-adolescents-girl-in-isfahan-iran
#13
Marzieh Rostamian, Ashraf Kazemi
BACKGROUND: Physical activities among adolescents affects health during pubescence and adolescence and decrease in physical activities among adolescents has become a global challenge. The aim of the present study was to define the relation between the level of physical activity among adolescent girls and their health beliefs as personal factor and level of observational learning as environmental factor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was a cross-sectional study that was conducted on 400 students aged from 11 to 19 years in Isfahan, Iran...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193204/development-of-a-wheelchair-mobility-skills-test-for-children-and-adolescents-combining-evidence-with-clinical-expertise
#14
Marleen Elisabeth Sol, Olaf Verschuren, Laura de Groot, Janke Frederike de Groot
BACKGROUND: Wheelchair mobility skills (WMS) training is regarded by children using a manual wheelchair and their parents as an important factor to improve participation and daily physical activity. Currently, there is no outcome measure available for the evaluation of WMS in children. Several wheelchair mobility outcome measures have been developed for adults, but none of these have been validated in children. Therefore the objective of this study is to develop a WMS outcome measure for children using the current knowledge from literature in combination with the clinical expertise of health care professionals, children and their parents...
February 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192465/impact-of-a-cafeteria-diet-and-daily-physical-training-on-the-rat-serum-metabolome
#15
Susana Suárez-García, Josep M Del Bas, Antoni Caimari, Rosa M Escorihuela, Lluís Arola, Manuel Suárez
Regular physical activity and healthy dietary patterns are commonly recommended for the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome (MetS), which is diagnosed at an alarmingly increasing rate, especially among adolescents. Nevertheless, little is known regarding the relevance of physical exercise on the modulation of the metabolome in healthy people and those with MetS. We have previously shown that treadmill exercise ameliorated different symptoms of MetS. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of a MetS-inducing diet and different intensities of aerobic training on the overall serum metabolome of adolescent rats...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190797/endothelial-function-in-children-and-adolescents-is-mainly-influenced-by-age-sex-and-physical-activity%C3%A3-an-analysis-of-reactive-hyperemic-peripheral-artery-tonometry
#16
Ulrike M Mueller, Claudia Walther, Jennifer Adam, Kati Fikenzer, Sandra Erbs, Meinhard Mende, Volker Adams, Axel Linke, Gerhard Schuler
BACKGROUND: As adolescents rarely experience cardiovascular events, surrogate markers of atherosclerosis are useful to justify and monitor effects of primary prevention and therapy of risk factors. Endothelial function assessed by reactive hyperemic peripheral arterial tonometry (RH-PAT) resulting in a reactive hyperemic index (RHI) is a noninvasive method with limited data for use in children and adolescents.Methods and Results:We performed a total of 931 RHI measurements in 445 high-school students, aged 10-17 years, over a time period of 5 years...
February 11, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189038/the-importance-of-body-mass-normalisation-for-ultrasound-measurement-of-the-transversus-abdominis-muscle-the-effect-of-age-gender-and-sport-practice
#17
Pawel Linek
BACKGROUND: Some studies have not considered body mass as a confounder in TrA analysis, which may have led to improper interpretation of results. OBJECTIVES: To assess the differences in the effect of age, gender and physical activity between normalised for body mass and actual values of the TrA as well as to establish the effect of age, gender and physical activity on normalised for body mass TrA thickness in adolescents. DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional study conducted at selected primary and secondary schools, and colleges in the Silesian region of Poland...
February 4, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188150/multisite-musculoskeletal-pain-in-adolescence-and-later-mental-health-disorders-a-population-based-registry-study-of-norwegian-youth-the-naahs-cohort-study
#18
Christian Eckhoff, Bjørn Straume, Siv Kvernmo
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between multisite musculoskeletal pain in adolescence and mental health disorders in young adulthood. DESIGN AND SETTING: Data were obtained from a linkage between the Norwegian Patient Registry (2008-2012) and the Norwegian Arctic Adolescent Health Study, a school-based survey conducted among 10th grade students in North Norway (2003-2005). PARTICIPANTS: In total, 3987 (68%) of all 5877 invited participants consented to the registry linkage...
February 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187241/methodological-considerations-and-impact-of-school-based-interventions-on-objectively-measured-physical-activity-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
R Borde, J J Smith, R Sutherland, N Nathan, D R Lubans
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis are (i) to determine the impact of school-based interventions on objectively measured physical activity among adolescents and (ii) to examine accelerometer methods and decision rule reporting in previous interventions. METHODS: A systematic search was performed to identify randomized controlled trials targeting adolescents (age: ≥10 years), conducted in the school setting, and reporting objectively measured physical activity...
February 10, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187192/naturally-occurring-changes-in-social-cognitive-factors-modify-change-in-physical-activity-during-early-adolescence
#20
Rod K Dishman, Marsha Dowda, Kerry L McIver, Ruth P Saunders, Russell R Pate
PURPOSE: To determine whether naturally-occurring changes in children's motives and beliefs are associated with the steep decline in physical activity observed from childhood to early adolescence. METHODS: Latent growth modeling was applied in longitudinal tests of social-cognitive influences, and their interactions, on physical activity in a large cohort of boys and girls evaluated annually between 5th and 7th grades. RESULTS: Measurement equivalence of motives and beliefs was confirmed between boys and girls...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
28423
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"