keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Physical activity, adolescents

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938456/growth-hormone-improves-cardiopulmonary-capacity-and-body-composition-in-children-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#1
Donatella Capalbo, Flavia Barbieri, Nicola Improda, Francesco Giallauria, Elisa Di Pietro, Antonio Rapacciuolo, Raffaella Di Mase, Carlo Vigorito, Mariacarolina Salerno
Context: Growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in children may be associated with early cardiovascular risk factors and alterations in left ventricular (LV) structure and function; however, data on cardiopulmonary functional capacity are lacking. Objectives: Aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of GHD and GH therapy on cardiopulmonary functional capacity, left and right cardiac structure and function, and body composition in children and adolescents. Design: Prospective, case-control study...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934111/breakfast-and-breakfast-cereal-choice-and-its-impact-on-nutrient-and-sugar-intakes-and-anthropometric-measures-among-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-australian-children-and-adolescents
#2
Flavia Fayet-Moore, Andrew McConnell, Kate Tuck, Peter Petocz
There is limited evidence in Australia that compares the nutritional impact of a breakfast cereal breakfast to a non-cereal breakfast, and includes the type of cereal. This study investigated the impact of breakfast choice and the total sugar content of breakfast cereal on nutrient intakes and anthropometric measures among Australian children and adolescents. Data from 2 to 18-year-old in the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey were used (n = 2821). Participants were classified as breakfast cereal consumers (minimally pre-sweetened (MPS) or pre-sweetened (PS)), non-cereal breakfast consumers, or breakfast skippers...
September 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933747/facilitators-of-physical-activity-voices-of-adolescents-in-a-disadvantaged-community
#3
Linus Jonsson, Christina Berg, Christel Larsson, Peter Korp, Eva-Carin Lindgren
Despite increasing socioeconomic inequalities in the health and well-being of adolescents, the voices of adolescents in disadvantaged communities regarding facilitators of physical activity (PA) have received relatively little attention. In response, the purpose of this study was to illuminate what adolescents in a multicultural community of low socioeconomic status (SES) in Sweden convey concerning facilitators of PA. Adolescents (n = 53, aged 12-13 years) were recruited from a school in a multicultural community of low SES in Sweden...
July 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927241/physical-activity-maintenance-and-metabolic-risk-in-adolescents
#4
Danilo R Silva, André O Werneck, Paul J Collings, Rômulo A Fernandes, Décio S Barbosa, Enio R V Ronque, Luís B Sardinha, Edilson S Cyrino
Aim: Examine the association between child and adolescent physical activity maintenance categories and metabolic profile in adolescence. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with 1152 adolescents (57.4% female) aged 10-16 years from Londrina, Brazil. Physical activity was self-reported in childhood (7-10 years old, retrospective data) and adolescence through questionnaires. Cardiorespiratory fitness (20 m shuttle-run test), body fat (skinfolds), waist circumference, blood pressure (automatic instrument) and blood variables (fasting glucose, HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides) were measured at adolescence...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925941/cold-atmospheric-plasma-in-the-treatment-of-osteosarcoma
#5
REVIEW
Denis Gümbel, Sander Bekeschus, Nadine Gelbrich, Matthias Napp, Axel Ekkernkamp, Axel Kramer, Matthias B Stope
Human osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary malignant bone tumor occurring most commonly in adolescents and young adults. Major improvements in disease-free survival have been achieved by implementing a combination therapy consisting of radical surgical resection of the tumor and systemic multi-agent chemotherapy. However, long-term survival remains poor, so novel targeted therapies to improve outcomes for patients with osteosarcoma remains an area of active research. This includes immunotherapy, photodynamic therapy, or treatment with nanoparticles...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925065/barriers-to-and-enablers-of-healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-in-adolescents-with-obesity-a-scoping-review-and-stakeholder-consultation
#6
REVIEW
M Kebbe, S Damanhoury, N Browne, M P Dyson, T-L F McHugh, G D C Ball
Healthy lifestyle behaviours are key to successful weight management, but have proven to be challenging to attain for adolescents with obesity. The purpose of our scoping review was to (i) describe barriers and enablers that adolescents with obesity encounter for healthy nutrition, physical activity, sedentary behaviour and sleep habits and (ii) identify gaps in the literature. We adhered to established methodology for scoping reviews. Six databases were searched (1980-June 2016) for original articles published in English or French that focused on lifestyle behaviours of 13- to 17-year-olds in paediatric weight management...
September 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923051/perceived-neighborhood-safety-related-to-physical-activity-but-not-recreational-screen-based-sedentary-behavior-in-adolescents
#7
Clare M Lenhart, Andrew Wiemken, Alexandra Hanlon, Mackenzie Perkett, Freda Patterson
BACKGROUND: A growing proportion of adolescents have poor cardiovascular health behaviors, including low levels of physical activity and high levels of sedentary behavior, thus increasing the likelihood of poor heart health in later years. This study tested the hypothesis that low perceived neighborhood safety would be associated with low levels of physical activity and high levels of recreational sedentary behavior in high-school students. METHODS: Using cross-sectional, weighted data from the 2015 Pennsylvania (USA) State and Philadelphia city Youth Risk Behavior Survey, multivariable logistic regression modeling was used to examine the association between perceived neighborhood safety, and physical activity levels and recreational screen-based sedentary behavior time respectively, while controlling for potential confounders...
September 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922020/seasonal-and-weather-variation-of-sleep-and-physical-activity-in-12-14-year-old-children
#8
Mirja Quante, Rui Wang, Jia Weng, Emily R Kaplan, Michael Rueschman, Elsie M Taveras, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Matthew W Gillman, Susan Redline
BACKGROUND: Understanding variation in physical activity (PA) and sleep is necessary to develop novel intervention strategies targeting adolescents' health behaviors. We examined the extent to which PA and sleep vary by aspects of the physical environment. PARTICIPANTS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of 669 adolescents in the Project Viva cohort. METHODS: We estimated total PA, sleep duration, sleep efficiency and sleep midpoint timing from wrist accelerometers...
September 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921882/recommendations-for-obesity-prevention-among-adolescents-from-disadvantaged-backgrounds-a-concept-mapping-study-among-scientific-and-professional-experts
#9
D A Kornet-van der Aa, C H van Randeraad-van der Zee, J Mayer, J M Borys, M J M Chinapaw
The present study aimed to enrich the scientific evidence on obesity prevention programmes for adolescents from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds with practice-based experiences from both scientific and professional experts in the field of youth obesity prevention. We used the participatory method of concept mapping. Two concept mapping sessions were conducted: one with programme coordinators of national/regional obesity prevention programmes across Europe (n = 8) and one with scientists participating in European obesity prevention projects (n = 5)...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919202/parenting-practices-and-overweight-status-of-junior-high-school-students-in-china-a-nationally-representative-study-of-19-487-students-from-112-schools
#10
Zhengqi Tan, Jungwon Min, Hong Xue, Weidong Wang, Youfa Wang
The study aimed to examine the level of parental responsiveness and demandingness for junior high students in China and its association with child weight status; assess if it differs by student socio-demographic characteristics; and to test the association between parenting and child physical activity. Nationally representative survey data collected from 19,487 students in 112 middle schools across China in 2013-2014 academic year were analyzed in 2016. Children's anthropometrics and perceptions of parenting practices were accessed by self-administered questionnaire...
September 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918232/childhood-maltreatment-and-adolescent-sexual-risk-behaviors-unique-cumulative-and-interactive-effects
#11
Marie-Eve Thibodeau, Francine Lavoie, Martine Hébert, Martin Blais
Child maltreatment has been associated with sexual risk behaviors. Previous investigators have typically studied only one form of maltreatment, preventing them from exploring interrelations between forms of maltreatment and their impact on sexual risk behaviors. Thus, this study aims to examine the unique, cumulative, and interactive effects of four maltreatment forms (sexual abuse, physical abuse, neglect, and witnessing interparental violence) on sexual risk behaviors. The sample comprised 1940 sexually active adolescents (Mage=15...
September 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917364/managing-childhood-and-adolescent-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-with-exercise-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Qin Xiang Ng, Collin Yih Xian Ho, Hwei Wuen Chan, Bob Zheng Jie Yong, Wee-Song Yeo
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common neuropsychiatric disorders affecting some 8-10% of children worldwide. Increasing research has shed light on the life course of the disorder, suggesting that majority of children with ADHD will continue to have persistent symptoms into adulthood. The mainstay of ADHD management has been pharmacologic and behavioural/psychological interventions, with little attention paid to exercise as a potential management strategy...
October 2017: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915993/marching-to-a-different-drummer-a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-young-adolescents-who-challenge-gender-norms
#13
Chunyan Yu, Xiayun Zuo, Robert W Blum, Deborah L Tolman, Anna Kågesten, Kristin Mmari, Sara De Meyer, Kristien Michielsen, Sharmistha Basu, Rajib Acharya, Qiguo Lian, Chaohua Lou
PURPOSE: Little is known about how gender norms regulate adolescents' lives across different cultural settings. This study aims to illustrate what is considered as violating gender norms for boys and girls in four urban poor sites as well as the consequences that follow the challenging of gender norms. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Global Early Adolescent Study, a 15-country collaboration to explore gender norms and health in early adolescence. The current study analyzed narrative and in-depth interviews conducted in urban poor sites in two middle-income (Shanghai, China; and New Delhi, India) and two high-income countries (Baltimore, U...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915797/effectiveness-of-a-16-month-multi-component-and-environmental-school-based-intervention-for-recovery-of-poor-income-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-study-protocol-of-the-health-multipliers-program
#14
Pollyanna Fernandes Patriota, Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Viviane Belucci Pires de Almeida, Guilherme Aparecido Costa Alexmovitz, Carlos Eduardo da Silva, Vivian Fortuna Feres de Carvalho, Natália Carvalho, Maria Paula de Albuquerque, Semiramis Martins Alvares Domene, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Gustavo Enrique Salazar Torres, Ana Paula Reis de Oliveira, Ricardo Sesso, Ana Lydia Sawaya
BACKGROUND: Excess of weight is a serious public health concern in almost all countries, afflicting people of different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Studies have indicated the need for developing treatment strategies that intervene directly in the obesogenic environment. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-component and environmental school-based intervention, lasting 16 months, on the recovery of the nutritional status of low-income children and adolescents with overweight/ obesity...
September 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915225/physical-activity-not-sedentary-time-predicts-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-measured-adiposity-age-5-to-19-years
#15
Kathleen F Janz, Piroska Boros, Elena M Letuchy, Soyang Kwon, Trudy L Burns, Steven M Levy
PURPOSE: To examine the associations among physical activity (PA), sedentary time (SED), and TV viewing (TV) with fat mass (FAT) and visceral adipose tissue mass (VAT) from childhood through adolescence (5-19 yr). METHODS: Participants in the Iowa Bone Development Study (n = 230 males and 233 females) were examined at ages 5, 8, 11, 13, 15, 17, and 19 yr. Accelerometers measured moderate- or vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA; min·d), light-intensity PA (LPA; min·d), and SED (h·d)...
October 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914364/unhealthy-lifestyle-habits-and-diabetes-specific-health-related-quality-of-life-in-youths-with-type-1-diabetes
#16
Enza Mozzillo, Eugenio Zito, Claudio Maffeis, Elena De Nitto, Giulio Maltoni, Marco Marigliano, Stefano Zucchini, Adriana Franzese, Giuliana Valerio
AIMS: Management of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) influences several aspects of life, such as adherence to healthy lifestyle habits and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Our aim was to evaluate the association between unhealthy lifestyle habits and HRQoL in adolescents and young adults with T1DM. METHODS: Two hundred and forty-two Caucasian patients (13-19 years) consecutively enrolled over a 12-month period in three Regional Pediatric Diabetes Centers in Italy...
September 15, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914085/development-of-a-patient-centered-conceptual-model-of-the-impact-of-living-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Fiona McDougall, Thomas Willgoss, Steve Hwang, Federico Bolognani, Lorraine Murtagh, Evdokia Anagnostou, Diana Rofail
The aim of this study was to generate a patient-centered conceptual model of the impact of living with autism spectrum disorder, which can be used to support the selection of outcome measures for clinical trials. Following an initial literature review to identify preliminary concepts and inform an interview guide, in-depth face-to-face interviews were conducted with adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder (IQ ⩾ 70) (n = 10), as well as parents of children, adolescents, and adults with autism spectrum disorder (IQ ⩾ 70) (n = 26)...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910190/waist-to-height-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-c-reactive-protein-levels
#18
Denise Tavares Giannini, Maria Cristina Caetano Kuschnir, Cecília Lacroix de Oliveira, Moyses Szklo
BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein is an acute-phase protein that has been found in association with adiposity and cardiovascular disease risk. In this paper, the objective was to assess the relationship of C-reactive protein to four anthropometric measurements: body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, C index, and waist circumference. METHODS: A cross-sectional random sample of the Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (Portuguese acronym "ERICA") was included in the study...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902628/physical-activity-and-bone-mineral-density-at-the-femoral-neck-subregions-in-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#19
Ángel Matute-Llorente, Alejandro González-Agüero, Germán Vicente-Rodríguez, Luís B Sardinha, Fátima Baptista, José A Casajús
BACKGROUND: Low bone mineral density (BMD) has been frequently described in subjects with Down syndrome (DS). Reduced physical activity (PA) levels may contribute to low BMD in this population. The objective of the study was to investigate whether PA levels were related to the femoral neck bone mass distribution in a sample of 14 males and 12 females with DS aged 12-18 years. METHODS: BMD was evaluated by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at the integral, superolateral and inferomedial femoral neck regions and PA levels were assessed by accelerometry...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901889/effect-of-breakfast-omission-and-consumption-on-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-in-adolescent-girls-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Julia K Zakrzewski-Fruer, Tatiana Plekhanova, Dafni Mandila, Yannis Lekatis, Keith Tolfrey
It is not known if breakfast consumption is an effective intervention for altering daily energy balance in adolescents when compared with breakfast omission. This study examined the acute effect of breakfast consumption and omission on free-living energy intake (EI) and physical activity (PA) in adolescent girls. Using an acute randomised cross-over design, forty girls (age 13·3 (sd 0·8) years, BMI 21·5 (sd 5·0) kg/m2) completed two, 3-d conditions in a randomised, counter-balanced order: no breakfast (NB) and standardised (approximately 1962 kJ) breakfast (SB)...
September 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
keyword
keyword
28423
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"