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Shreya Kaul, Neha Gulati, Deepali Verma, Siddhartha Mukherjee, Upendra Nagaich
Nanotechnology manifests the progression in the arena of research and development, by increasing the efficacy of the product through delivery of innovative solutions. To overcome certain drawbacks associated with the traditional products, application of nanotechnology is escalating in the area of cosmeceuticals. Cosmeceuticals are regarded as the fastest growing segment of the personal care industry and the use has risen drastically over the years. Nanocosmeceuticals used for skin, hair, nail, and lip care, for conditions like wrinkles, photoaging, hyperpigmentation, dandruff, and hair damage, have come into widespread use...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutics
Sara Garcia-Salinas, Erico Himawan, Gracia Mendoza, Manuel Arruebo, Victor Sebastian Cabeza
The large-scale continuous production of niosomes remains challenging. The inherent drawbacks of batch processes such as large particle polydispersity and reduced batch-to-batch reproducibility are here overcome by using commercially available microfluidic reactors. Compared to the traditional batch-based film hydration method, herein, we demonstrate that it is possible to carry out the homogeneous, large-scale (up to 120mg/min) production of niosomes using two different synthesis techniques (the thin film hydration method and the emulsification technique)...
May 16, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Chuanxu Yang, Shan Gao, Ping Song, Frederik Dagnaes-Hansen, Maria Jakobsen, Jørgen Kjems
RNA interference (RNAi) mediated gene regulation in stem cells offers great potential in regenerative medicine. In this study, we developed a theranostic platform for efficient delivery of small RNAs (siRNA/miRNA) to human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) to promote differentiation, and meanwhile, to specifically label the transfected cells for in vivo tracking purpose. We encapsulated indocyanine green (ICG) in a nonionic surfactant vesicle, termed "niosome", that is mainly composed of a nonionic surfactant sorbitan monooleate (Span 80) and a cationic lipid 1,2-dioleoyl-3-trimethylammonium-propane (DOTAP)...
May 16, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Kiran Patil, Shashikant Bagade, Smita Bonde, Sanjay Sharma, Gaurav Saraogi
Tuberculosis is a highly contagious disease spread by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is responsible for highest numbers of death and soon will surpass the deaths caused by HIV. The pandemic disease causes, estimated 10.4 million new infections, among which 5.9 million were men, 3.5 million were women, 1.0 million were children and the HIV patients co-infected with tuberculosis accounted for 1.2 million of all new cases in 2015, alone. The increased number of drug resistant (MDR/XDR) strains and the failure of the conventional regimens against this strain are the challenges of the coming decades...
March 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Aroonsri Priprem, Chatchanok Nukulkit, Nutjaree P Johns, Supawan Laohasiriwong, Kwanchanok Yimtae, Cheardchai Soontornpas
AIM: A transmucosal niosome gel was developed to improve the pharmacokinetics of exogenous melatonin. MATERIALS & METHODS:  The melatonin niosomes (MN) gel was characterized and melatonin levels were determined in healthy volunteers. RESULTS: Micron-sized MN in a gel, mean ex vivo residence time of more than 3 h with maximum adhesiveness at 25 and 37°C showed similar in vitro release but different in vitro permeation to melatonin gel...
May 2018: Therapeutic Delivery
Rianne Bartelds, Mohammad Hadi Nematollahi, Tjeerd Pols, Marc C A Stuart, Abbas Pardakhty, Gholamreza Asadikaram, Bert Poolman
Niosomes are used in studies for drug delivery or gene transfer. However, their physical properties and features relative to liposomes are not well documented. To characterize and more rationally optimize niosome formulations, the properties of these vesicle systems are compared to those of liposomes composed of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine lipids plus cholesterol. Niosomes are highly stable and only slightly more leaky than liposomes as assayed by calcein leakage; the permeability for ions (KCl) is higher than that of liposomes...
2018: PloS One
Jhili Mishra, Jitendriya Swain, Ashok Kumar Mishra
A detailed photophysical study of fisetin in a Tween20 : cholesterol (1 : 1) niosome membrane has been carried out. Fisetin is found to partition well into the Tween20 : cholesterol (1 : 1) niosome membrane at low temperature (Kp = 2.7 × 104 M-1 at 10 °C). Cetylpyridinium chloride quenching study confirms the location of fisetin molecules in the interfacial domain of Tween20 : cholesterol (1 : 1) niosome membrane. The emission from the prototropic forms of fisetin (neutral form, excited state anion, ground state anion and phototautomer form) is found to sensitively reflect the local heterogeneities in Tween20 : cholesterol (1 : 1) niosome membrane...
April 3, 2018: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Fu-Chao Liu, Huang-Ping Yu, Cheng-Yu Lin, Ahmed O Elzoghby, Tsong-Long Hwang, Jia-You Fang
BACKGROUND: Cilomilast is a phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor for treating inflammatory lung diseases. This agent has a narrow therapeutic index with significant adverse effects on the nervous system. This study was conducted to entrap cilomilast into PEGylated phosphatidylcholine-rich niosomes (phosphatiosomes) to improve pulmonary delivery via the strong affinity to pulmonary surfactant film. Neutrophils were used as a cell model to test the anti-inflammatory activity of phosphatiosomes...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Ridhima Juneja, Indrajit Roy
Magnetism has wide applications in various fields, such as diagnostics, drug targeting, molecular biology, cell isolation, cell purification, hyperthermia, and radioimmunoassay. In this study, we synthesized niosomes doped with iron oxide nanoparticles and a fluorophore for potential applications in magnetically targeted drug delivery. Release kinetics of the fluorophore and cytotoxicity were assessed. The results demonstrate that niosomes doped with iron oxide nanoparticles can serve as proficient and effective drug carriers in magnetically targeted drug delivery...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Aras Behroozeh, Maral Mazloumi Tabrizi, S Maryam Kazemi, Edris Choupani, Nahid Kabiri, Davod Ilbeigi, Amir Heidari Nasab, Azim Akbarzadeh Khiyavi, Aliakbar Seif Kurdi
Background: Cancer is a significant problem in modern medicine, also is the most common cause of death after cardiovascular diseases, and in need of targeted drug release. Although, chemotherapy is an important candidate in cancer treatment, but it has many side effects on healthy tissues of the body. Therefore, Nano technology is used for specific function, by the least side effects and damage to normal cells. Materials and method: In this study, the pharmacological properties of PEGylated Nano-niosomal Gingerol was examined...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Usama Ahmad, Zeeshan Ahmad, Ahmed Abdullah Khan, Juber Akhtar, Satya Prakash Singh, Farhan Jalees Ahmad
The science of formulation involving cosmetic ingredients has always been a challenge since the release of active components greatly depends upon the carrier system involved and the selectivity of skin barrier. The principle obstacle of the skin resides in the epidermis and it's hard for many active components to cross it. The formulation related factors like size of particles, viscosity and lipophilicity of the components also play an important role in permeation of the dermal composition. Though widely used; conventional creams and gels still struggle in terms of success...
March 26, 2018: Drug Research
Ashraf Alemi, Javad Zavar Reza, Fateme Haghiralsadat, Hossein Zarei Jaliani, Mojtaba Haghi Karamallah, Seyed Ahmad Hosseini, Somayeh Haghi Karamallah
BACKGROUND: The systemic administration of cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents for cancer treatment often has toxic side effects, limiting the usage dose. To increase chemotherapeutic efficacy while reducing toxic effects, a rational design for synergy-based drug regimens is essential. This study investigated the augmentation of therapeutic effectiveness with the co-administration of paclitaxel (PTX; an effective chemotherapeutic drug for breast cancer) and curcumin (CUR; a chemosensitizer) in an MCF-7 cell line...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Nanobiotechnology
Federica Rinaldi, Patrizia N Hanieh, Lik King Nicholas Chan, Livia Angeloni, Daniele Passeri, Marco Rossi, Julie Tzu-Wen Wang, Anna Imbriano, Maria Carafa, Carlotta Marianecci
The aim of this in vitro study is to prepare and characterize drug free and pentamidine loaded chitosan glutamate coated niosomes for intranasal drug delivery to reach the brain through intranasal delivery. Mucoadhesive properties and stability testing in various environments were evaluated to examine the potential of these formulations to be effective drug delivery vehicles for intranasal delivery to the brain. Samples were prepared using thin film hydration method. Changes in size and ζ-potential of coated and uncoated niosomes with and without loading of pentamidine in various conditions were assessed by dynamic light scattering (DLS), while size and morphology were also studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM)...
March 22, 2018: Pharmaceutics
Ana Claudia Pompeu Raminelli, Valeria Romero, Mohammad H Semreen, Gislaine Ricci Leonardi
The clinical efficacy of the topical tretinoin is widely studied and has been well established for many therapeutic interventions, among some, photoaging, acne, and melasma. However, the side effects, mainly cutaneous irritation, erythema, xerosis and peeling, remain major obstacle to the patient compliance. Besides, the insight regarding the drug delivery profile is essential to understand the therapeutic action of the drug. Herein we highlight further advances and an update on tretinoin delivery systems such as liposomes, niosomes, solid lipid nanoparticles, nanostructured lipid carriers, cyclodextrins, nanostructured polymers and other technological systems that reduce its side effects and improve the permeation profile to potentiate efficacy and drug safety on the skin...
March 12, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Boshra Amiri, Hasan Ahmadvand, Ali Farhadi, Aazam Najmafshar, Mohsen Chiani, Dariush Norouzian
Vinblastine (VB), as a chemotherapeutic agent, is widely used in treatment of different types of cancer. However, its clinical application is limited due to its low water solubility, side effects, and multidrug resistance. The aim of this study was to increase the therapeutic efficacy of VB using drug delivery systems. For this purpose, a PEGylated niosomal formulation of vinblastine (Pn-VB) was prepared by thin film hydration method and physicochemically characterized. Drug release pattern was performed by dialysis diffusion method...
April 11, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Aroonsri Priprem, Teerasak Damrongrungruang, Sucharat Limsitthichaikoon, Bhattaranitch Khampaenjiraroch, Chatchanok Nukulkit, Suthasinee Thapphasaraphong, Wanwisa Limphirat
Anthocyanins from dietary sources showing potential benefits as anti-inflammatory in oral lesions were developed as an anthocyanin complex (AC), comprised of extracts of Zea mays (CC) and Clitoria ternatea (CT), and formulated into a niosome gel to prove its topical oral wound healing in vitro and in vivo investigations. The AC formed nano-sized clusters of crystalline-like aggregates, occurring through both intra- and inter-molecular interactions, resulting in delivery depots of anthocyanins, following encapsulation in niosomes and incorporation into a mucoadhesive gel...
May 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
Irhan Ibrahim Abu Hashim, Noha Fawzy Abo El-Magd, Ahmed Ramadan El-Sheakh, Mohammed Fawzy Hamed, Abd El-Gawad Helmy Abd El-Gawad
The goal of the current study was to explore the potential benefits of Acitretin (Act) nanovesicular gel as a prospective antipsoriatic topical delivery system counteracting the drug challenges in terms of its extremely low aqueous solubility, instability, skin irritation, and serious systemic adverse effects. Act-loaded niosomes were successfully developed, entirely characterized, and optimized. Further evaluation of the optimized formula was conducted regarding its stability and ex vivo cytotoxicity on different cell lines...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Shahla Kakoei, Abbas Pardakhty, Maryam-Al-Sadat Hashemipour, Hasan Larizadeh, Behjat Kalantari, Elaheh Tahmasebi
Statement of the Problem: A significant proportion of patients undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy suffer from mucositis. The first symptom of oral mucositis is pain. Severe pain, burning sensation, and discomfort in the oral cavity make it difficult to continue treatment and even continue living in these patients. Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the effect of amitriptyline mouthwash (in two forms of simple and niosomal) as a local anesthetic agent with benzydamine HCl mouthwash in oral mucositis after radiotherapy or chemotherapy...
March 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Heba F Salem, Rasha M Kharshoum, Fatma I Abo El-Ela, Amr Gamal F, Khaled R A Abdellatif
Tamoxifen citrate (TXC) is commonly indicated to prevent cell multiplication and development of breast cancer. However, it is usually associated with limited activity and development of toxicity and resistance. This study aimed to describe an in situ pH-responsive niosomes as a carrier for localized and sustained delivery of TXC. The thin film hydration method was utilized to produce TXC niosomes using sorbitan monostearate and cholesterol of 1:1 Molar ratio. The produced formula displayed nano-spherical shape with entrapment efficiency (EE) of 88...
June 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Eva Judy, Darshna Pagariya, Nand Kishore
Oral bioavailability of a drug molecule requires its effective delivery to the target site. In general, majority of synthetically developed molecular entities have high hydrophobic nature as well as low bioavailability, therefore the need for suitable delivery vehicles arises. Self-assembled structures such as micelles, niosomes, and liposomes have been used as effective delivery vehicles and studied extensively. However, the information available in literature is mostly qualitative in nature. We have quantitatively investigated the partitioning of antibiotic drug streptomycin into cationic, nonionic, and a mixture of cationic and nonionic surfactant micelles and its interaction with the transport protein serum albumin upon subsequent delivery...
March 20, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
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