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Marlena Whinton, Timothy C Hughes, Shuhua Peng, Michael A Brook
Bicontinuous microemulsions exhibit domain structures on the nanoscale (<20 nm). Normally, such fine details are lost during the conversion from a fluid microemulsion to solid elastomeric materials, as a consequence of interfacial destabilization via polymerization of either the oil phase, or of monomers in the aqueous phase. Very little is known about the polymerization of silicone microemulsions and the morphological changes that occur upon transition from a nanostructured liquid to a solid ma-trix. Silicone microemulsions polymerized by free radical (aqueous phase) and condensation (silicone phase) processes, respective-ly, were characterized by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
March 16, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Ingo Hoffmann, Claudia Hoffmann, Bela Farago, Sylvain Prévost, Michael Gradzielski
In this paper, we investigate the dynamics of small unilamellar vesicles with the aid of neutron spin-echo spectroscopy. The purpose of this investigation is twofold. On the one hand, we investigate the influence of solubilised cosurfactant on the dynamics of the vesicle's surfactant bilayer. On the other hand, the small unilamellar vesicles used here have a size between larger vesicles, with dynamics being well described by the Zilman-Granek model and smaller microemulsion droplets which can be described by the Milner-Safran model...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Chemical Physics
Clizia Guccione, Maria Camilla Bergonzi, Khaled M Awada, Vieri Piazzini, Anna Rita Bilia
The aim of this study was the development and characterization of lipid nanocarriers using food grade components for oral delivery of Serenoa repens CO2 extract, namely microemulsions (MEs) and self-microemulsifying drug delivery systems (SMEDDSs) to improve the oral absorption. A commercial blend (CB) containing 320 of S. repens CO2 extract plus the aqueous soluble extracts of nettle root and pineapple stem was formulated in two MEs and two SMEDDSs. The optimized ME loaded with the CB (CBM2) had a very low content of water (only 17...
March 15, 2018: Planta Medica
Matheus Aparecido Dos Santos Ramos, Patrícia Bento Da Silva, Larissa Spósito, Luciani Gaspar De Toledo, Bruna Vidal Bonifácio, Camila Fernanda Rodero, Karen Cristina Dos Santos, Marlus Chorilli, Taís Maria Bauab
Since the dawn of civilization, it has been understood that pathogenic microorganisms cause infectious conditions in humans, which at times, may prove fatal. Among the different virulent properties of microorganisms is their ability to form biofilms, which has been directly related to the development of chronic infections with increased disease severity. A problem in the elimination of such complex structures (biofilms) is resistance to the drugs that are currently used in clinical practice, and therefore, it becomes imperative to search for new compounds that have anti-biofilm activity...
2018: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Jun-Yong Wu, Yong-Jiang Li, Meng Han, Xiong-Bin Hu, Le Yang, Jie-Min Wang, Da-Xiong Xiang
Puerarin is a phytochemical with various pharmacological effects, but poor water solubility and low oral bioavailability limited usage of puerarin. The purpose of this study was to develop a new microemulsion (ME) based on phospholipid complex technique to improve the oral bioavailability of puerarin. Puerarin phospholipid complex (PPC) was prepared by a solvent evaporation method and was characterized by X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy. Pseudo-ternary phase diagrams were constructed to investigate the effects of different oil on the emulsifying performance of the blank ME...
March 7, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Efrem N Tessema, Tsige Gebre-Mariam, Getahun Paulos, Johannes Wohlrab, Reinhard H H Neubert
Deficiency or altered composition of stratum corneum (SC) lipids such as ceramides (CERs), causing skin barrier dysfunction and skin dryness, have been associated with skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis and psoriasis, and ageing. Replenishing the depleted native CERs with exogenous CERs has also been shown to have beneficial effects in restoring the skin barrier. Phyto-derived CERs such as oat CERs were shown to be potential for skin barrier reinforcement. To effect this, however, the oat CERs should overcome the SC barrier and delivered deep into the lipid matrix using the various novel formulations...
February 28, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Narendar Dudhipala, Goverdhan Puchchakayala
The cornerstone of this investigation is to determine the pharmacokinetic and histopathological behaviour of solid lipid nanoparticles of capecitabine (CB-SLNs) in 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) induced colon cancer. The nanoparticles were prepared by microemulsion method. CB-SLNs were characterized for an optimal system. The cytotoxicity of CB-SLNs was evaluated by using MTT assay method. Further, pharmacokinetic and histopathological behaviour of SLNs were studied in DMH induced colon cancer rats. The optimized nanoparticles have the particle size, zeta potential and entrapment efficiency of 145...
March 1, 2018: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Swati Jagdale, Gokul Deore, Anuruddha Chabukswar
Background Nabumetone is biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS) class II drug, widely used in the treatment of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The most frequently reported adverse reactions for the drug involve disturbance in gastrointestinal tract , diarrhea, dyspepsia and abdominal pain. Microemulgel has advantages of microemulsion for improving solubility for hydrophobic drug. Patent literature had shown that the work for drug has been carried on spray chilling, enteric coated tablet, and topical formulation which gave idea for present research work for development of transdermal delivery...
February 26, 2018: Recent Patents on Drug Delivery & Formulation
David Julian McClements
There are many examples of bioactive proteins and peptides that would benefit from oral delivery through functional foods, supplements, or medical foods, including hormones, enzymes, antimicrobials, vaccines, and ACE inhibitors. However, many of these bioactive proteins are highly susceptible to denaturation, aggregation or hydrolysis within commercial products or inside the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Moreover, many bioactive proteins have poor absorption characteristics within the GIT. Colloidal systems, which contain nanoparticles or microparticles, can be designed to encapsulate, retain, protect, and deliver bioactive proteins...
February 16, 2018: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Luis Antonio D Silva, Susana L Almeida, Ellen C P Alonso, Priscila B R Rocha, Felipe T Martins, Luís A P Freitas, Stephania F Taveira, Marcilio S S Cunha-Filho, Ricardo N Marreto
Hot-melt extrusion (HME) has gained increasing attention in the pharmaceutical industry; however, its potential in the preparation of solid self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (S-SMEDDS) is still unexplored. This study sought to prepare enteric S-SMEDDS by HME and evaluate the effects of the process and formulation variables on S-SMEDDS properties via Box-Behnken design. Liquid SMEDDS were developed, and carvedilol was used as a class II model drug. Mean size, polydispersity index (PdI) and zeta potential of the resulting microemulsions were determined...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Leslie Raphael de Moura Ferraz, Alinne Élida Gonçalves Alves, Débora Dolores Souza da Silva Nascimento, Isabela Araújo E Amariz, Aline Silva Ferreira, Salvana Priscylla Manso Costa, Larissa Araújo Rolim, Ádley Antonini Neves de Lima, Pedro José Rolim Neto
Caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, Chagas disease is responsible for public health problems greater in magnitude than those attributed to malaria, schistosomiasis, or leishmaniasis. A factor in the socioeconomic development of poor countries, Chagas disease can cause death due to a high parasitic burden during its acute phase due and irreversible damage in organs such as the heart, esophagus, and colon during its chronic phase, even when the number of parasites is minimal. For treating Chagas disease, benznidazole (BNZ) remains the drug of choice and, in Latin America, the only drug on the market for treating the disease...
February 13, 2018: Acta Tropica
Gurpreet Kaur, Varsha Dogra, Rajeev Kumar, Sandeep Kumar, Kashmir Singh
The present work aims at the fabrication of iron oxide nanocolloids using biocompatible microemulsion and their cytotoxic, genotoxic effect on Vitis vinifera plant has been evaluated. The three-iron based metallosurfactant complexes were synthesized. Nanosuspensions (Ns) were prepared using microemulsion technique and for the purpose, the microemulsion was prepared using oleic acid, butanol, tween 80 and as synthesized iron metallosurfactant. In this technique, no additional capping agent and/or reducing agent was added...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
Shahenda A Ramez, Mona M Soliman, Maha Fadel, Faisal Nour El-Deen, Maha Nasr, Eman R Youness, Dalea M Aboel-Fadl
Psoriasis is a commonly encountered chronic dermatological disease, presenting with inflammatory symptoms in patients. Systemic treatment of psoriasis is associated with several adverse effects, therefore the development of a customized topical treatment modality for psoriasis would be an interesting alternative to systemic delivery. The therapeutic modality explored in this article was the comparative treatment of psoriatic patients using nanoparticulated methotrexate in the form of jojoba oil-based microemulsion with or without fractional erbium YAG laser...
February 15, 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Pascal Pellen-Mussi, Sylvie Tricot-Doleux, Chrystelle Neaime, Nicolas Nerambourg, Francisco Cabello-Hurtado, Stéphane Cordier, Fabien Grasset, Sylvie Jeanne
CONTEXT: as a kind of non-metal oxide SiO2 NPs have been extensively used in biomedicine, pharmaceuticals and other industrial manufacturing fields, such as DNA delivery, cancer therapy… Our group had developed a method based on microemulsion process to prepare SiO2 NPs incorporating photonic or magnetic nanocrystals and luminescent nanosized inorganic metal atom clusters. However, the toxicity of nanoparticles is known to be closely related to their physico-chemical characteristics and chemical composition...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
J A Alkrad, A S Alruby
Gentamicin sulfate (GS) is used usually as intravenous or intramuscular solution because of its poor oral bioavailability. However, the intravenous administration is associated with pain and needs some skills. In this study, five nonionic microemulsions (MEs) for oral and transdermal application were developed using nonionic surfactants. The MEs were characterized for their droplets sizes and rheological properties. Moreover, GS encapsulation in the MEs was studied using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR)...
January 2, 2018: Die Pharmazie
S C Steinbach, R Triani, L Bennedsen, A Gabel, O Haeusler, J Wohlrab, R H H Neubert
Ceramide [NP] is an integral component of the stratum corneum (SC) lipid matrix and is capable of forming tough and stable lamellar structures. It was proven, that in skin diseases as psoriasis or atopic dermatitis different ceramide (CER) classes, including [NP], are degraded. It is obvious that topically application of CER on impaired skin is useful for repairing the skin barrier but a tendency for low penetration due to its poor solubility in conventional dosage forms was observed. Therefore, a stable and physiologic compatible colloidal carrier system, a microemulsion (ME), was developed and characterized...
August 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
Eshan D Mitra, Samuel C Whitehead, David A Holowka, Barbara A Baird, James P Sethna
Lipid phase heterogeneity in the plasma membrane is thought to be crucial for many aspects of cell signaling, but the physical basis of participating membrane domains such as "lipid rafts" remains controversial. Here we consider a lattice model yielding a phase diagram that includes several states proposed to be relevant for the cell membrane, including microemulsion - which can be related to membrane curvature - and Ising critical behavior. Using a neural network-based machine learning approach, we compute the full phase diagram of this lattice model...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Ding Qu, Lixiang Wang, Meng Liu, Shiyang Shen, Teng Li, Yuping Liu, Mengmeng Huang, Congyan Liu, Yan Chen, Ran Mo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 12, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Pardeep Sindhu, Shobhit Kumar, Babar Iqbal, Javed Ali, Sanjula Baboota
Duloxetine is a well-known antidepressant molecule which is used in the treatment of depression but due to poor solubility it suffers with the drawback of low oral bioavailability. The objective of present work was to formulate and characterize duloxetine loaded microemulsion to enhance the oral bioavailability. Prepared microemulsion was studied for droplet size, zeta potential, refractive index, polydispersity index (PDI), percentage transmittance, viscosity and in vitro release study. Optimized microemulsion (D1) showed spherical droplets with mean diameter of 35...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Mahendra Singh, Jovita Kanoujia, Poonam Parashar, Malti Arya, Chandra B Tripathi, V R Sinha, Shailendra K Saraf, Shubhini A Saraf
The oral bioavailability of felodipine (FEL) is very low, i.e., about 15%. This could be due to low water solubility and hepatic first-pass effect. The objective of the present study was to develop FEL microemulsion-based gel, to bypass the first pass effect, for buccal delivery. The optimized FEL microemulsion (OPT-MEF) was used to prepare buccoadhesive gels, with varying concentrations of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) E4M and polycarbophil (PCP), and evaluated. The cross-linking of the PCP gelling agent was done by adjusting the pH with a neutralizing agent, triethanolamine (TEA)...
February 8, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
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