Read by QxMD icon Read


Dheeraj Sharma, Manpreet Singh, Punnet Kumar, Vir Vikram, Neeraj Mishra
The aim of this study is to prepare and characterize intranasal delivery of morin hydrate loaded microemulsion for the management of Alzheimer's diseases. After intranasal delivery, brain and blood drug concentrations were found to be higher for optimized morin hydrate loaded microemulsion as compared to plain morin hydrate. Significant (P < 0.05) reduction in assessed pharmacodynamic parameters was observed after intranasal administration of morin hydrate loaded microemulsion as compared to sham control group...
January 19, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Qiannan Liu, Zhe Hu, Mingzhe Chen, Qinfen Gu, Yuhai Dou, Ziqi Sun, Shulei Chou, Shi Xue Dou
The tunnel-structured Na0.44MnO2 is considered as a promising cathode material for sodium-ion batteries because of its unique three-dimensional crystal structure. Multiangular rod-shaped Na0.44MnO2 have been first synthesized via a reverse microemulsion method and investigated as high-rate and long-life cathode materials for Na-ion batteries. The microstructure and composition of prepared Na0.44MnO2 is highly related to the sintering temperature. This structure with suitable size increases the contact area between the material and the electrolyte and guarantees fast sodium-ion diffusion...
January 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Li Chen, Chang-Shun Liu, Qing-Zhen Chen, Sen Wang, Yong-Ai Xiong, Jing Jing, Jia-Jia Lv
The purpose of this study was to develop a self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (SMEDDS) to improve the oral bioavailability of Chlorogenic acid (CA), an important bioactive compound from Lonicerae Japonicae Flos with poor permeability. SMEDDS was prepared and characterized by self-emulsifying rate, morphological observation, droplet size determination, stability, in vitro release, in vivo bioavailability and tissue distribution experiments. Results shown that the SMEDDS of CA has a high self-emulsifying rate (>98%) in the dissolution media, and its microemulsion exhibits small droplet size (16...
January 12, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Io Antonopoulou, Laura Leonov, Peter Jütten, Gabriella Cerullo, Vincenza Faraco, Adamantia Papadopoulou, Dimitris Kletsas, Marianna Ralli, Ulrika Rova, Paul Christakopoulos
Five feruloyl esterases (FAEs; EC, FaeA1, FaeA2, FaeB1, and FaeB2 from Myceliophthora thermophila C1 and MtFae1a from M. thermophila ATCC 42464, were tested for their ability to catalyze the transesterification of vinyl ferulate (VFA) with prenol in detergentless microemulsions. Reaction conditions were optimized investigating parameters such as the medium composition, the substrate concentration, the enzyme load, the pH, the temperature, and agitation. FaeB2 offered the highest transesterification yield (71...
January 11, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Xibo Yan, Pierre Alcouffe, Guillaume Sudre, Laurent David, Julien Bernard, Francois Ganachaud
Formation of O/W surfactant-free microemulsions from water/oil/acetone ternary systems is exploited to construct precisely-defined shell-functionalized core-loaded nanocapsules with tunable diameters (ranging from 50 to 190 nm) in one step.
January 12, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Vanessa de Fátima Lima Paiva Medeiros, Ítalo Medeiros Azevedo, Marília Daniela Ferreira Carvalho, Eryvaldo Sócrates Tabosa Egito, Aldo Cunha Medeiros
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of modified coconut water as fluid of resuscitation combined with simvastatin in hemorrhagic shock and sepsis model in rats. METHODS: Four groups of Wistar rats with hemorrhagic shock and abdominal sepsis were studied (n=8/group). Rats were bled and maintained at a mean blood pressure 35mmHg for 60min. They were then resuscitated with: 1) saline 0.9%; 2) coconut water+3% NaCl; 3) coconut water+NaCl 3%+simvastatin microemulsion (10 mg/kg i...
December 2016: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
Dennis C Prieve, Benjamin A Yezer, Aditya S Khair, Paul J Sides, James W Schneider
After presenting a brief historical overview of the classic contributions of Faraday, Arrhenius, Kohlrausch, Bjerrum, Debye, Hückel and Onsager to understanding the conductivity of true electrolytes in aqueous solutions, we present an in-depth review of the 1933 work of Fuoss & Kraus who explored the effect of the solvent on electrolyte dissociation equilibria in either polar or nonpolar media. Their theory predicts that the equilibrium constant for dissociation decays exponentially with the ratio of the Bjerrum length λB to the ion-pair size a...
November 19, 2016: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
Tomohiro G Noguchi, Yasutaka Iwashita, Yasuyuki Kimura
Amphiphilic Janus particles (AJP), composed of hydrophilic and hydrophobic hemispheres, are one of the simplest anisotropic colloids, and they exhibit higher surface activities than particles with homogeneous surface properties. Consequently, a ternary system of AJP, water, and oil can form extremely stable Pickering emulsions, with internal structures that depend on the Janus structure of the particles and the system composition. However, the detail of these structures has not been fully explored, especially for the composition range where the amount of the minority liquid phase and AJP are comparable, where one would expect the Janus characteristics to be directly reflected...
January 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Mario E Flores, Francisco Martinez, Andres F Olea, Toshimichi Shibue, Natsuhiko Sugimura, Hiroyuki Nishide, Ignacio Moreno-Villoslada
Molecular aggregation in a mixture of Triton X-100 / n-hexanol / cyclohexane at a molar ratio of 1 / 16 / 74 is studied upon addition of small amounts of water. The composition of organic components has been chosen at a ratio n-hexanol / cyclohexane where a well-formed hydrogen bond network has been described. The ratio Triton X-100 / n-hexanol has been chosen to afford a stoichiometry of ethylene oxide (EO) residues / n-hexanol of 1 / 2. At these conditions the addition of water consecutively produces the appearance of three defined phases: a clear solution, a lamellar phase, and a microemulsion...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Aggeliki Quell, Thomas Sottmann, Cosima Stubenrauch
During our studies on emulsion-templated monodisperse polymer foams we found significant differences in the finestructure if the locus of initiation is changed. This motivated us to study the phase behavior of the liquid template. Our studies indicate that the template consists of droplets of three different length scales: The water droplets generated via microfluidics (∼70 μm) are surrounded by a continuous phase in which a w/o emulsion (≤100 nm) coexists with a w/o microemulsion (∼5 nm). We speculate that the w/o-emulsion droplets act as seeds for the porous finestructure observed in AIBN-initiated polymer foams...
January 6, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Isabel Pineros, Karla Slowing, Dolores R Serrano, Esther de Pablo, Maria Paloma Ballesteros
PURPOSE: Development of analgesic and anti-inflammatory controlled-released injectable microemulsions utilising lysine clonixinate (LC) as model drug and generally regarded as safe (GRAS) excipients. METHODS: Different microemulsions were optimised through pseudo-ternary phase diagrams and characterised measuring droplet size, viscosity, ex vivo haemolytic activity and in vitro drug release. The anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity was tested in mice (Hot plate test) and rats (Carrageenan-induced paw edema test) respectively and their activity was compared to an aqueous solution of LC salt...
December 29, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Pengli Bu, Yue Ji, Silpa Narayanan, Damon Dalrymple, Xingguo Cheng, Abu T M Serajuddin
PURPOSE: Lipid-based self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) are commonly used for solubilizing and enhancing oral bioavailability of poorly water-soluble drugs. However, their effects on viability of intestine epithelial cells and influence on membrane permeation are poorly understood. The present study was undertaken for safety assessment of lipid-based formulations containing medium-chain fatty acid esters as lipids and polysorbate 80 as the surfactant using the Caco-2 in vitro model...
December 24, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Yuzhen Ge, Tianyu Gao, Cui Wang, Zameer Hussain Shah, Rongwen Lu, Shufen Zhang
Silica protected CuNi bimetallic nanoparticles (CuNi@SiO2) were successfully prepared by a modified co-reduction method. Typically, ammoniacal Cu(II) and Ni(II) were firstly dispersed and encapsulated inside silica by the method of reverse microemulsion. Then, ultra small CuO and NiO particles were in-situ formed during calcination under air. CuNi bimetallic nanoparticles were obtained by the co-reduction of CuO and NiO under H2 at high temperature. The composition and size of CuNi bimetallic nanoparticles was tuned simply by varying the concentration of precursor solutions...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Zhenhong He, Weiwei Zeng, Xiaoyu Zhu, Haizhen Zhao, Yingjian Lu, Zhaoxin Lu
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), one of the most important omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), shows significant health benefits for human beings. In order to stabilize nutrients like DHA, microemulsion is normally used through the addition of surfactant, and surfactin as a natural peptide biosurfactant shows strong surface activity. In this study, we investigated the effects of surfactin on the stability of docosahexaenoic acid single cell oil (DHASCO) microemulsions. The microemusion region was significantly increased with elevated surfactin concentration from 0 to 0...
December 20, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Michael Lannert, Allyn Müller, Emmanuel Gouirand, Vincenzo Talluto, Markus Rosenstihl, Thomas Walther, Bernd Stühn, Thomas Blochowicz, Michael Vogel
We investigate the glassy dynamics of glycerol in the confinement of a microemulsion system, which is stable on cooling down to the glass transition of its components. By changing the composition, we vary the viscosity of the matrix, while keeping the confining geometry intact, as is demonstrated by small angle X-ray scattering. By means of (2)H NMR, differential scanning calorimetry, and triplet solvation dynamics we, thus, probe the dynamics of glycerol in confinements of varying rigidity. (2)H NMR results show that, at higher temperatures, the dynamics of confined glycerol is unchanged compared to bulk behavior, while the reorientation of glycerol molecules becomes significantly faster than in the bulk in the deeply supercooled regime...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
María Acebrón, Facundo C Herrera, Martín Mizrahi, Cristina Navío, Ramón Bernardo-Gavito, Daniel Granados, Félix G Requejo, Beatriz H Juarez
The dielectric nature of organic ligands capping semiconductor colloidal nanocrystals (NCs) makes them incompatible with optoelectronic applications. For this reason, these ligands are regularly substituted through ligand-exchange processes by shorter (even atomic) or inorganic ones. In this work, an alternative path is proposed to obtain inorganically coated NCs. Differently to regular ligand exchange processes, the method reported here produces core-shell NCs and the removal of the original organic shell in a single step...
January 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Muhammad Faizan Nazar, Muhammad Atif Saleem, Sana Nawaz Bajwa, Basit Yameen, Muhammad Ashfaq, Muhammad Nadeem Zafar, Muhammad Zubair
Microemulsions (μEs) are unique systems that offer exciting perspectives in biophysical research for mimicing biomembranes at the molecular level. In the present study, biocompatible μE formulation of a new oil-in-water (o/w) system comprising clove oil/Tween 20/2-propanol/water was accomplished for encapsulating an antibiotic, levofloxacin (LVF). The pseudoternary phase diagram was delineated at a constant cosurfactant/surfactant (2:1) ratio to meet the economic feasibility. The gradual changes occurring in the microstructure of the as-formulated four-component μEs were explored via multiple complementary characterization techniques...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Claire L O'Connell, Robert Nooney, Colette McDonagh
In this work, ultra-bright fluorescent silica nanoparticles (NPs) labels have been shown to selectively bind to a model circulating tumour cell (CTC) line, MCF-7, a metastatic breast cancer by targeting epithelial cellular adhesion molecule (EpCAM) present on the MCF-7 cell membrane. Silica NPs approximately 40nm in diameter were doped with different concentrations of Cyanine5 dye molecules, using the reverse microemulsion method. The NPs were two orders of magnitude brighter than Cyanine5 free dye and the measured fluorescence intensity matched a homo-Förster Resonance Energy Transfer model...
December 10, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Kensei Fujiwara, Yasutaka Kuwahara, Yuki Sumida, Hiromi Yamashita
TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) encapsulated in hollow silica spheres (TiO2@HSSs) show a shielding-effect that can insulate photocatalytically active TiO2 NPs from the surrounding environment and thus prohibit the self-degradation of organic support materials under ultraviolet (UV)-light irradiation. In this study, photocatalytically active papers were fabricated by combining TiO2@HSS and cellulose fibers, and their photocatalytic activities and durability under UV-light irradiation were examined. The yolk-shell nanostructured TiO2@HSS, which has an ample void space between inner TiO2 NPs and an outer silica shell, was synthesized using a facile single-step method utilizing an oil-in-water microemulsion as an organic template...
December 30, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Yu-Da Zhu, Su-Ping Chen, Huan Zhao, You Yang, Xiao-Qin Chen, Jing Sun, Hong-Song Fan, Xing-Dong Zhang
A medical nanoplatform with small size, low cost, biocompatibility, good biodegradability, and, in particular, multifunctionality has attracted much attention in the exploration of novel therapeutic methodologies. As an emerging material of self-assembled porous structure, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have high expectations because of their special properties compared to traditional porous materials. Therefore, integration of MOFs and functional materials is leading to the creation of new multifunctional composites/hybrids...
December 21, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"