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Carla Souza, Luis Alexandre Pedro de Freitas, Patrícia Maria Berardo Gonçalves Maia Campos
Lipid nanoparticles have shown many advantages for treatment/prevention of skin disorders with damaged skin barrier function. Beeswax is a favorable candidate for the development of nanosystems in the cosmetic and dermatological fields because of its advantages for the development of products for topical application. In the present study, beeswax-based nanoparticles (BNs) were prepared using the hot melt microemulsion technique and incorporated to a gel-cream formulation. The formulation was subsequently evaluated for its rheological stability and effect on stratum corneum water content (SCWC) and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) using in vivo biophysical techniques...
February 17, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
Jianmei Pang, Wujun Dong, Yuhuan Li, Xuejun Xia, Zhihua Liu, Huazhen Hao, Lingmin Jiang, Yuling Liu
Essential oil extracted from Houttuynia cordata Thunb. (H. cordata) is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine due to its excellent biological activities. However, impurities and deficient preparations of the essential oil limit its safety and effectiveness. Herein, we proposed a strategy to prepare H. cordata essential oil (HEO) safely and effectively by combining the solvent extraction and the macroporous resin purification flexibly, and then encapsulating it using microemulsion. The extraction and purification process were optimized by orthogonal experimental design and adsorption-desorption tests, respectively...
February 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Alexander A Cherkashin, Vladimir K Vanag
When acrylamide (AA) monomers are added to the Belousov-Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction incorporated into nanodroplets of water-in-oil aerosol OT (AOT) microemulsion (the BZ-AOT system), free radicals produced in the BZ reaction initiate polymerization of AA monomers and polyacrylamide particles are formed. These particles change the microstructure of the AOT microemulsion thus inducing the transition from Turing patterns to new dissipative patterns which can be either stationary "black" spots or waves.
February 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Mehdi Nouraei, Edgar J Acosta
Fully dilutable microemulsions (μEs), used to design self-microemulsifying delivery system (SMEDS), are formulated as concentrate solutions containing oil and surfactants, without water. As water is added to dilute these systems, various μEs are produced (water-swollen reverse micelles, bicontinuous systems, and oil-swollen micelles), without the onset of phase separation. Currently, the formulation dilutable μEs follows a trial and error approach that has had a limited success. The objective of this work is to introduce the use of the hydrophilic-lipophilic-difference (HLD) and net-average-curvature (NAC) frameworks to predict the solubilisation features of ternary phase diagrams of lecithin-linker μEs and the use of these predictions to guide the formulation of dilutable μEs...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Ralph Neubauer, Sebastian Höhn, Martin Dulle, Alain Lapp, Christoph Schulreich, Thomas Hellweg
We study the diffusion of an enhanced green fluorescent protein (GFP+) in bicontinuous sugar-surfactant based microemulsions. The size of the water domains in such systems is controlled by changes of the oil-to-water ratio. Hence, microemulsions allow to produce confinement effects in a controlled way. At high water content the protein is found to exhibit Fickian diffusion. Decreasing the water domain size leads to a slowing down of the protein diffusion and sub-diffusive behavior is obtained on the scale observed by fluorescence correlation spectroscopy...
February 15, 2017: Soft Matter
Shifra Rokach, Maria Francesca Ottaviani, Alexander I Shames, Abraham Aserin, Nissim Garti
Dendrimer nanostructures are of eminent interest in biomedical applications because of their uniform and well-defined molecular size and shape, and their ability to cross cell membranes and reduce the risk of premature clearance from the human body. Dendrimers perform as gene and drug carriers and have also shown significant therapeutic properties for treating cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. A complex drug delivery system, based on a dendrimer solubilized in the aqueous core of a water-in-oil (W/O) microemulsion (ME) along with the drug may combine the advantages of both dendrimers and MEs to provide better control of drug release...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Yuhai Zhang, Makhsud I Saidaminov, Ibrahim Dursun, Haoze Yang, Banavoth Murali, Erkki Alarousu, Emre Yengel, Buthainah A Alshankiti, Osman M Bakr, Omar F Mohammed
Perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) have become leading candidates for solution-processed optoelectronics applications. While substantial work has been published on 3-D perovskite phases, the NC form of zero-dimensional (0-D) phase of this promising class of materials remains elusive. Here, we report the synthesis of a new class of colloidal semiconductors NCs based on Cs4PbBr6 - the zero-dimensional perovskite- enabled through the design of a novel low-temperature reverse microemulsion method with 85 % reaction yield...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Zixi Hu, Juntao Tan, Zongqiang Lai, Rong Zheng, Jianhong Zhong, Yiwei Wang, Xiaoxue Li, Nuo Yang, Jieping Li, Wei Yang, Yong Huang, Yongxiang Zhao, Xiaoling Lu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to develop a simple, effective method to label hepatoma cells with aptamers and then detect them using fluorescent silica nanoparticles (FSNPs). METHOD: Streptavidin was conjugated to carboxyl-modified fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-doped silica nanoparticles which were prepared by the reverse microemulsion method. The resulting streptavidin-conjugated fluorescent silica nanoparticles (SA-FSNPs) were mixed with hepatoma cells that had been labeled with biotin-conjugated aptamer TLS11a (Bio-TLS11a)...
December 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
Jing Tao, Qin Zhu, Fang Qin, Mingfu Wang, Jie Chen, Zong-Ping Zheng
Oil-in-water microemulsions (O/W MEs) allow the preparation of insoluble compounds into liquid. In this study, we prepared O/W MEs to improve the solubility and stability of steppogenin (S) in aqueous liquid, and studied their ability to inhibit fresh apple juice browning. The ME technique greatly increased steppogenin solubility up to 3000-fold higher than that in water. All SMEs demonstrated good stability after acceleration and long-term storage. In particular, 0.01% SME was associated with dramatic inhibition of fresh apple juice browning after 24h at room temperature and 7days at 4°C, and its antibrowning effects were further improved when combined with 0...
June 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
Ke Xu, Tianbo Liang, Peixi Zhu, Pengpeng Qi, Jun Lu, Chun Huh, Matthew Balhoff
We developed a novel method for fabrication of glass micromodels with varying depth (2.5-D) with no additional complexity over the 2-D micromodels' fabrication. Compared to a 2-D micromodel, the 2.5-D micromodel can better represent the 3-D features of multi-phase flow in real porous media, as demonstrated in this paper with three different examples. Physically realistic capillary snap-off and the formation of isolated residual oil droplets were realized, which is not possible in 2-D micromodels. Droplet size variation during an emulsion flooding was investigated on the 2...
February 3, 2017: Lab on a Chip
Rajshree L Shinde, Padma V Devarajan
We disclose microemulsions (ME) of curcumin (CUR) with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)-rich oil (CUR DHA ME) for targeted delivery to the brain. MEs of CUR (5 mg/mL) with and without DHA-rich oil (CUR Capmul ME) suitable for intravenous and intranasal administration exhibited negative zeta potential, globule size  <20 nm and good stability. Following intravenous delivery MEs exhibited high brain concentration with CUR DHA ME exhibiting a 2.8-fold higher Cmax than CUR solution. Furthermore, high and sustained concentration was demonstrated even at 24 h, which was 8- and 2-fold higher than CUR solution and CUR Capmul ME, respectively...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
Xiangyu Su, Chanchan Gao, Fangfang Shi, Xiaoyao Feng, Lin Liu, Ding Qu, Cailian Wang
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is the major underlying cause of the low 5-year survival rate of esophageal carcinoma. In this study, we developed a novel microemulsion system (SD-ME) co-loaded with docetaxel (DTX) and Schizandrin A, a potent chemotherapeutic agent and a potential drug resistance modulator, respectively. In the physicochemical characterization studies, SD-ME displayed a well-defined spherical shape and size (56.62 ± 4.16 nm), a narrow polydispersity index (PDI, 0.132 ± 0.002), and a negative surface charge (-19...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
R Dal Magro, F Ornaghi, I Cambianica, S Beretta, F Re, C Musicanti, R Rigolio, E Donzelli, A Canta, E Ballarini, G Cavaletti, P Gasco, G Sancini
Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) are colloidal drug delivery systems characterized by higher entrapment efficiency, good scalability of the preparation process and increased sustained prolonged release of the payload compared to other nanocarriers. The possibility to functionalize the surface of SLN with ligands to achieve a site specific targeting makes them attractive to overcome the limited blood-brain barrier (BBB) penetration of therapeutic compounds. SLN are prepared for brain targeting by exploiting the adaptability of warm microemulsion process for the covalent surface modification with an Apolipoprotein E-derived peptide (SLN-mApoE)...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Lu Hongzhi, Xu Shoufang
In this work, mesoporous structured molecularly imprinted ratiometric fluorescence sensor (M-R-MIPs) for highly sensitive and selective determination of bovine hemoglobin (BHb) was developed based on core-shell structure. First, red CdTe QDs were embedded into silica nanoparticles by reverse microemulsion method, then BHb imprinted silica shell were coated on the core silica. In order to improve the sensitivity of the as-prepared MIPs sensor, during the process of imprinted silica shell formation, functional monomer-template-QDs sandwich structure was first employed to improve the recognition sites accessibility, mesoporous silica was applied to reduce mass transfer resistance, and ratiometric fluorescence technique was adopted to achieve visual signal output by doping green CdTe QDs into silica shell...
April 1, 2017: Talanta
Jodi Belz, Noelle Castilla-Ojo, Srinivas Sridhar, Rajiv Kumar
The applications of nanoparticles in oncology include enhanced drug delivery, efficient tumor targeting, treatment monitoring, and diagnostics. The "theranostic properties" associated with nanoparticles have shown enhanced delivery of chemotherapeutic drugs with superior imaging capabilities and minimal toxicities. In conventional chemotherapy, only a fraction of the administered drug reaches the tumor site or cancer cells. For successful translation of these formulations, it is imperative to evaluate the design and properties of these nanoparticles...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Igal Berenstein, Jorge Carballido-Landeira
In this paper, we investigate pattern formation in a model of a reaction confined in a microemulsion, in a regime where both Turing and wave instability occur. In one-dimensional systems, the pattern corresponds to spatiotemporal intermittency where the behavior of the systems alternates in both time and space between stationary Turing patterns and traveling waves. In two-dimensional systems, the behavior initially may correspond to Turing patterns, which then turn into wave patterns. The resulting pattern also corresponds to a chaotic state, where the system alternates in both space and time between standing wave patterns and traveling waves, and the local dynamics may show vanishing amplitude of the variables...
January 2017: Chaos
Jianhua Yang, Huanhuan Xu, Shanshan Wu, Bowei Ju, Dandan Zhu, Yao Yan, Mei Wang, Junping Hu
The primary aim of the present study was to develop a novel microemulsion (ME) formulation to deliver phenylethanoid glycoside (PG) for use in skin lighteners and sunscreens. The oil phase was selected on the basis of drug solubility, while the surfactant and cosurfactant were screened and selected on the basis of their solubilizing capacity and the efficiency with which they formed MEs. Pseudoternary phase diagrams were constructed to evaluate ME regions and five formulations of oil‑in‑water MEs were selected as vehicles...
January 25, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Ibrahim Nasser Ahmed, Ray Chang, Wei-Bor Tsai
Cellulase was adsorbed onto poly(acrylic acid), PAA, nanogel, that was fabricated via inverse-phase microemulsion polymerization. The PAA nanogel was around 150nm in diameter and enriched with carboxyl groups. The surface charge of PAA nanogel depended on the pHs of the environment and affected the adsorption of cellulase. The temperature stability of the immobilized cellulase was greatly enhanced in comparison to the free enzyme, especially at high temperature. At 80°C, the immobilized cellulase remained ∼75% of hydrolytic activity, in comparison to ∼55% for the free cellulase...
January 23, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Barry W Ninham, Kåre Larsson, Pierandrea Lo Nostro
Hofmeister, specific ion effects, hydration and van der Waals forces at and between interfaces are factors that determine curvature and microstructure in self assembled aggregates of surfactants and lipids; and in microemulsions. Lipid and surfactant head group interactions and between aggregates vary enormously and are highly specific. They act on the hydrophilic side of a bilayer, micelle or other self assembled aggregate. It is only over the last three decades that the origin of Hofmeister effects has become generally understood...
January 15, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Peng Cheng, Darren Svirskis, Sung Je Lee, Indrawati Oey, Hae-Soo Kwak, Guanyu Chen, Craig Bunt, Jingyuan Wen
Beta-carotene is a potent antioxidant for maintaining human health. However, its oral absorption is low due to poor aqueous solubility of less than 1 µg/ml. A microemulsion delivery system was designed to solubilize beta-carotene towards enhancing its oral bioavailability. From seven pseudo-ternary diagrams constructed, three systems were selected with large microemulsion areas suitable for oral administration and dilution in the predominately aqueous gastrointestinal fluids. Conductivity and rheology characterization were conducted along four dilution lines within the selected systems...
January 27, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
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