Read by QxMD icon Read


Arpit Bhargava, Dinesh K Mishra, Subodh K Jain, Rupesh K Srivastava, Nirmal K Lohiya, Pradyumna K Mishra
We aimed to identify an optimum nano-carrier system to deliver tumor antigen to dendritic cells (DCs) for efficient targeting of tumor reinitiating cells (TRICs) in gynecological malignancies. Different lipid based nano-carrier systems i.e. liposomes, ethosomes and solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNPs) were examined for their ability to activate DCs in allogeneic settings. Out of these three, the most optimized formulation was subjected for cationic and mannosylated surface modification and pulsed with DCs for specific targeting of tumor cells...
October 17, 2016: Molecular Immunology
Waleed Faisal, Ghareb M Soliman, Ahmed M Hamdan
Despite its broad-spectrum antifungal properties, voriconazole has many side effects when administered systemically. The aim of this work was to develop an ethosomal topical delivery system for voriconazole and test its potential to enhance the antifungal properties and skin delivery of the drug. Voriconazole was encapsulated into various ethosomal preparations and the effect of phospholipid and ethanol concentrations on the ethosomes properties were evaluated. The ethosomes were evaluated for drug encapsulation efficiency, particle size and morphology and antifungal efficacy...
September 25, 2016: Journal of Liposome Research
Amit Alexander, Ajazuddin, Ravish J Patel, Swarnlata Saraf, Shailendra Saraf
Application of pharmaceutical nanotechnology (nanomedicines) for plant actives and extracts, is gaining a tremendous growth and interest among the scientists. This emerging herbal revolution has headed towards the development of another approaches for the delivery of poorly soluble herbal bioactives and plant extracts for enhancing their bioavailability and efficacy. In the same context, a majority of pharmaceutical nanotechnologies and targeting strategies including phytosomes, nanoparticles, hydrogels, microspheres, transferosomes and ethosomes, self nano emulsifying drug delivery systems (SNEDDS), self micro emulsifying drug delivery systems (SMEDDS) has been applied for the delivery of bioactives and plant extracts and were identified and explored...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
A Partoazar, N Kianvash, M H Darvishi, S Nasoohi, S M Rezayat, A Bahador
Background: Curcumin is well known in biomedical investigations with an extensive antimicrobial properties and wound repair effect. However, clinical criteria recommend curcumin should be formulated for topical medication. Material and method: In this study, we prepared Ethosomal curcumin (Etho-cur) formulation for wound healing and bacterial flora assessments in treated rats which were subjected to second degree burn under a standard procedure. Results: Applying once daily of Etho-cur (0.2%) topically on rat's dorsal for 14 days significantly recovered main aspects of wound repair including re-epithelization (P<0...
September 14, 2016: Drug Research
Mukul Ashtikar, Kalpa Nagarsekar, Alfred Fahr
Strong barrier properties of stratum corneum often limits the efficiency of drug delivery through skin. Several strategies were tried to improve permeation of drug through skin for local as well as systemic drug delivery. Incorporation of the drug within flexible liposomal vesicles has been one of the popular and well-studied approaches for delivering drug to deeper layers of the skin or even systemic circulation. Flexible/deformable/elastic liposomal systems such as invasomes, Transfersomes®, ethosomes, niosomes, etc...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Mei Shao, Zahid Hussain, Hnin Ei Thu, Shahzeb Khan, Haliza Katas, Tarek A Ahmed, Minaketan Tripathy, Jing Leng, Hua-Li Qin, Syed Nasir Abbas Bukhari
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronically relapsing skin inflammatory disorder characterized by perivascular infiltration of immunoglobulin-E (IgE), T-lymphocytes and mast cells. The key pathophysiological factors causing this disease are immunological disorders and the compromised epidermal barrier integrity. Pruritus, intense itching, psychological stress, deprived physical and mental performance and sleep disturbance are the hallmark features of this dermatological complication. Preventive interventions which include educational programs, avoidance of allergens, exclusive care towards skin, and the rational selection of therapeutic regimen play key roles in the treatment of dermatosis...
November 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Nida Akhtar, Anurag Verma, Kamla Pathak
BACKGROUND: Drug delivery across the deeper layers of skin to make it systemically available is a considerable challenge in the development of a carrier. A number of efforts have been put forward to find ways to get therapeutic actives overcome the formidable barrier of stratum corneum. Various lipid based vesicles viz liposomes, transfersomes, and invasomes have gained prominent deliberations across the globe. More recently, ethosomes have been investigated for its potential where high proportion of ethanol enables them to ameliorate transdermal delivery of several drugs in comparison to other carriers...
August 13, 2016: Current Clinical Pharmacology
Zhenwei Yu, Hongyan Lv, Gang Han, Ke Ma
The aim of this study was to develop ethosomes loaded with cryptotanshinone (CPT) and formulate them as a topical gel for the treatment of acne. Ethosomes were prepared and evaluated for vesicle size, CPT loading and encapsulation efficiency. Optimized ethosomes were formulated as Carbomer 974 gels and compared with conventional hydroethanolic gels for transdermal permeation and skin deposition in vitro. The anti-acne activity and skin irritation of the gel was investigated in rabbits. Optimized ethosomes had an average vesicle size of 69...
2016: PloS One
Joana Marto, Catarina Vitor, Ana Guerreiro, Cristiana Severino, Carla Eleutério, Andreia Ascenso, Sandra Simões
Griseofulvin (GRF) is an important antifungal drug with low bioavailability and, for this reason, a topical formulation with a targeted action and minimal systemic effects, appears to be a preferable solution. GRF poor solubility has limited the development of topical formulations and their release to the market. The aim of this work was to prepare a new GRF formulation for topical application using lipid-based nanosystems; to study its permeation and penetration, cell viability and to evaluate its therapeutic action...
October 1, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Nida Akhtar, Anurag Verma, Kamla Pathak
Triamcinolone acetonide (TA) employed for the treatment of atopic dermatitis exhibits limited penetration into the epidermis. This investigation aimed to explore the role of binary solvents in topical drug delivery of TA by developing nanoethosomal glycolic lipid vesicles by infusion method. Screening of vesicles (TA1-TA17) formulated by Box Behnken design identified the optimized formulation (TA10) that was developed as carbomer gels. The gels were then evaluated for pharmaceutical properties and compared with control and reference ethosomal gel (RG)...
July 1, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Shu Meng, Chong Zhang, Wei Shi, Xiao-Wei Zhang, Dan-Hua Liu, Ping Wang, Jian-Xin Li, Ying Jin
The main objective of the present research was to evaluate the flexible nano-vesicles for transdermal delivery of osthole. The nano-vesicles were formulated, characterized and evaluated for their physicochemical properties, in vitro skin permeation and in vivo plasma concentration. The encapsulation efficiency of osthole in ethosome and transfersome was measured to be 83.3±4.8% and 80.9±3.6%, respectively. In vitro studies showed that osthole ethosome provided an enhanced transdermal flux of 6.98±1.6μg/cm(2)/h and a decreased lag time of 2...
September 20, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Ibrahim M Abdulbaqi, Yusrida Darwis, Nurzalina Abdul Karim Khan, Reem Abou Assi, Arshad A Khan
Ethosomal systems are novel lipid vesicular carriers containing a relatively high percentage of ethanol. These nanocarriers are especially designed for the efficient delivery of therapeutic agents with different physicochemical properties into deep skin layers and across the skin. Ethosomes have undergone extensive research since they were invented in 1996; new compounds were added to their initial formula, which led to the production of new types of ethosomal systems. Different preparation techniques are used in the preparation of these novel carriers...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Palanivel Ganesan, Dong-Kug Choi
Phytocompounds have been used in cosmeceuticals for decades and have shown potential for beauty applications, including sunscreen, moisturizing and antiaging, and skin-based therapy. The major concerns in the usage of phyto-based cosmeceuticals are lower penetration and high compound instability of various cosmetic products for sustained and enhanced compound delivery to the beauty-based skin therapy. To overcome these disadvantages, nanosized delivery technologies are currently in use for sustained and enhanced delivery of phyto-derived bioactive compounds in cosmeceutical sectors and products...
2016: International Journal of Nanomedicine
Syed Ahmed Iizhar, Ismail Ahmed Syed, Rukhsana Satar, Shakeel Ahmed Ansari
The present study investigates the entrapment of terbinafine hydrochloride (TH) in ethosomal vesicles via unsonicated and sonication method. Carbopol 934P was incorporated in the best formulation, F6, obtained by sonication method. The formulated ethosomal gel obtained as such i.e. F6(∗) was exploited to achieve a zero order release profile of TH. The composition includes phospholipid, ethanol and propylene glycol. Drug entrapment efficiency (DEE), in-vitro and ex-vivo drug diffusion studies, FT-IR and stability studies of the prepared ethosomes were investigated...
May 2016: Journal of Advanced Research
Nauman Rahim Khan, Tin Wui Wong
OBJECTIVES: Skin drug retention is required in local treatment of skin cancer. This study investigated the interplay effects of ethosomes and microwave in transdermal drug delivery. Skin pre-treatment by microwave and applied with liquified medicine is deemed to 'cement' the skin thereby raising skin drug deposition. METHODS: 5-fluorouracil-loaded ethosomes were prepared and subjected to size, zeta potential, morphology, drug content, drug release and skin permeation tests...
September 2016: Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery
Varun Garg, Harmanpreet Singh, Sneha Bimbrawh, Sachin Kumar Singh, Monica Gulati, Yogyata Vaidya, Prabhjot Kaur
The success story of liposomes in the treatment of systemic infectious diseases and various carcinomas lead the scientists to the innovation of elastic vesicles to achieve similar success through transdermal route. In this direction, ethosomes and transfersomes were developed with the objective to design the vesicles that could pass through the skin. Both these delivery systems have proven themselves as promising carriers to transport drugs across skin. Both these elastic nanocarriers offer unique advantages of ferrying the drug across membranes, sustaining drug release as well as protecting the encapsulated bio actives from external environment...
May 20, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
Mahfoozur Rahman, Sarwar Beg, Gajanand Sharma, Sumant Saini, Rehan A Rub, Preeti Aneja, Firoz Anwar, Mohammad A Alam, Vikas Kumar
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an immune mediated joint-based chronic inflammatory disorder recognized by joint inflammation, destruction, pain and remission. Currently, numerous pharmacotherapeutic strategies have gained immense popularity in RA therapy and improving the patient life. METHODS: Besides, it exhibits numerous drawbacks such as requirement of high dose of drugs, unavoidable adverse effects and diseases remission. Thus, use of currently available pharmacotherapeutics employing conventional formulations can only provide therapeutic effects to a certain extent...
2016: Recent Patents on Anti-infective Drug Discovery
Kevin Ita
It is still not clear whether intact lipid vesicles can cross the human skin. Some reports in the literature indicate that transfersomes® can cross the skin. Other reports suggest that intact liposomes cannot cross the skin. Of course, the composition of the various formulations has to be taken into consideration before making such assertions. The present review examines the use of vesicles- elastic liposomes and ethosomes- for transdermal drug delivery. Liposomes are micro- or nano-structures formed from a bilayer of lipid surrounding an aqueous core...
May 11, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Santosh Shelke, Sadhana Shahi, Kiran Jadhav, Dinesh Dhamecha, Roshan Tiwari, Hemlata Patil
The objective of the current study was to formulate and characterize thermoreversible gel of Eletriptan Hydrobromide for brain targeting via the intranasal route. Ethosomes were prepared by 3(2) factorial design with two independent variables (concentration of soya lecithin and ethanol) and two response variables [percent entrapment efficiency and vesicle size (nm)] using ethanol injection method. Formulated ethosomes were evaluated for preliminary microscopic examination followed by percent drug entrapment efficiency, vesicle size analysis, zeta potential, polydispersibility index and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM)...
June 2016: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Sara M AbdelSamie, Amany O Kamel, Omaima A Sammour, Shady M Ibrahim
In this work, nanovesicular chitosan gels were prepared for dermal delivery of terbinafine hydrochloride (TBN HCl). Ethosomes and vesicles containing different types of penetration enhancers (PEs) viz. Terpenes (cineole and limonene), labrasol and transcutol were developed. The prepared vesicles were evaluated for physical characteristics as well as skin interaction. The selected vesicles were incorporated into chitosan gel. An in vivo animal study was done on rat induced superficial Candida infection model...
June 10, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"