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Chung-Sheng Shi, Tzu-Hsiung Huang, Chin-Kuo Lin, Jhy-Ming Li, Mei-Hsin Chen, Mei-Ling Tsai, Chih-Ching Chang
BACKGROUND: Mechanical ventilation is a life-saving procedure for patients with acute respiratory failure, although it may cause pulmonary vascular inflammation and leakage, leading to ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). Ly6C+high monocytes are involved in the pathogenesis of VILI. In this study, we investigated whether pulmonary infiltrated Ly6C+high monocytes produce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and contribute to VILI. METHODS: A clinically relevant two-hit mouse model of VILI, with intravenous lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 20 ng/mouse) immediately before high tidal volume (HTV, 20 mL/kg) ventilation (LPS+HTV), was established...
2016: PloS One
N A Popova, V I Kaledin, V P Nikolin, L A Bogdanova, T S Morozkova, Yu V Tornuev
Experiments were performed on the model of transplanted mouse tumor with high incidence of liver metastases. Hydrophilic drug cycloplatam (injected intravenously in liposomes) was more potent than "free cycloplatam" (injected intravenously or intraperitoneally in physiological saline) in inhibiting the growth of natural and experimental metastases in the liver. By contrast, liposomal cycloplatam had lower efficiency than free cycloplatam in suppressing the growth of solid tumor. Liposomal and free cortifen (hydrophobic hormonal cytostatic) produced nearly the same effects on solid tumor growth...
October 26, 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
Paul Prior, Rachel Timmins, Julia Petryk, Jared Strydhorst, Yin Duan, Lihui Wei, R Glenn Wells
PURPOSE: In dual-isotope (Tc-99m/In-111) small-animal single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), quantitative accuracy of Tc-99m activity measurements is degraded due to the detection of Compton-scattered photons in the Tc-99m photopeak window, which originate from the In-111 emissions (cross talk) and from the Tc-99m emission (self-scatter). The standard triple-energy window (TEW) estimates the total scatter (self-scatter and cross talk) using one scatter window on either side of the Tc-99m photopeak window, but the estimate is biased due to the presence of unscattered photons in the scatter windows...
October 2016: Medical Physics
Imad Younus Hasan, Adam Mechler
Supported planar phospholipid membranes are used in a range of biophysical measurements, typically for characterizing protein-membrane interactions. Liposome deposition is the most common method to create such membranes. The ability of liposomes to fuse into a lamellar membrane during deposition is strongly dependent on the surface chemistry; some important substrate materials such as oxidized gold do not promote liposome fusion. Circumventing this determinism poses an enduring challenge to membrane biophysics...
September 22, 2016: Biointerphases
Saswat Mohapatra, Abhijit Saha, Prasenjit Mondal, Batakrishna Jana, Subhajit Ghosh, Atanu Biswas, Surajit Ghosh
Microtubule dynamics play a crucial role in cancer cell division. Various drugs are developed to target microtubule. Although a few of them show potential in treatment of cancer, but success rate is limited due to their poor bioavailability and lack of specificity. Thus, development of highly bioavailable and target specific anticancer drug is extremely necessary. To address these key issues, here, a combination of approaches such as development of a dodecapeptide-docetaxel nanoassembly targeted to tubulin and MUC1 (mucin 1, cell surface associated glycoprotein) targeting oligonucleotide aptamer conjugated liposome for delivering peptide-docetaxel nanoassembly into the breast cancer cell have been demonstrated...
October 26, 2016: Advanced Healthcare Materials
Scott Edmonds, Alessia Volpe, Hilary Shmeeda, Ana C Parente-Pereira, Riya Radia, Julia Baguña-Torres, Istvan Szanda, Gregory W Severin, Lefteris Livieratos, Philip J Blower, John Maher, Gilbert O Fruhwirth, Alberto Gabizon, Rafael T M de Rosales
The clinical value of current and future nanomedicines can be improved by introducing patient selection strategies based on noninvasive sensitive whole-body imaging techniques such as positron emission tomography (PET). Thus, a broad method to radiolabel and track preformed nanomedicines such as liposomal drugs with PET radionuclides will have a wide impact in nanomedicine. Here, we introduce a simple and efficient PET radiolabeling method that exploits the metal-chelating properties of certain drugs (e.g., bisphosphonates such as alendronate and anthracyclines such as doxorubicin) and widely used ionophores to achieve excellent radiolabeling yields, purities, and stabilities with (89)Zr, (52)Mn, and (64)Cu, and without the requirement of modification of the nanomedicine components...
October 26, 2016: ACS Nano
Yoonjee C Park, Chentian Zhang, Sudong Kim, Graciela Mohamedi, Carl Beigie, Jon O Nagy, R Glynn Holt, Robin O Cleveland, Noo Li Jeon, Joyce Y Wong
Microbubbles have been used in ultrasound-assisted drug delivery to help target solid tumors via blood vessels in vivo; however, studies to understand the phenomena at the cellular level and to optimize parameters for ultrasound or microbubbles in vivo are challenging and expensive to perform. Here, we utilize microfluidic microvessels-on-a-chip that enable visualization of microbubble/ultrasound-dependent drug delivery to microvasculature. When exposed to pulsed ultrasound, microbubbles perfused through microvessels-on-a-chip were observed to stably oscillate...
October 26, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Somen Nandi, Prasenjit Mondal, Rajdeep Chowdhury, Abhijit Saha, Surajit Ghosh, Kankan Bhattacharyya
Aggregations of amyloid-beta (Aβ) peptides were studied inside a reconstituted cell like liposomal system using time-resolved confocal microscopy. Fluorescence correlation spectroscopy (FCS) and confocal images indicate that Aβ forms a very large aggregate in bulk and more efficiently, in the bilayer region of the liposome, respectively. The aggregates formed inside the liposome gradually migrate out to bulk water. FRET, from HiLyte Fluor 488 (covalently attached to an Aβ peptide) to TRITC (tetramethylrhodamine isothiocyanate) covalently attached to a DHPE lipid present in the bilayer, reveals intermittent oscillations in the time scale of ∼0...
October 26, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Annalisa Ciabattini, Elena Pettini, Fabio Fiorino, Gabiria Pastore, Peter Andersen, Gianni Pozzi, Donata Medaglini
Adjuvants contribute to enhancing and shaping the vaccine immune response through different modes of action. Here early biomarkers of adjuvanticity after primary immunization were investigated using four different adjuvants combined with the chimeric tuberculosis vaccine antigen H56. C57BL/6 mice were immunized by the subcutaneous route with different vaccine formulations, and the modulation of primary CD4(+) T cell and B cell responses was assessed within draining lymph nodes, blood, and spleen, 7 and 12 days after priming...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
Lisa N McAuliffe, Kieran N Kilcawley, Jeremiah J Sheehan, Paul L H McSweeney
Liposome-encapsulated ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) was incorporated into a model miniature Gouda-type cheese (20 g) in order to assess its effect on rennet gelation, starter viability, pH, and moisture content. EDTA was encapsulated within 2 different food-grade proliposome preparations, Pro-Lipo Duo and Pro-Lipo C (50% and 40% unsaturated soybean phospholipids and 50% and 60% aqueous medium, respectively), using the following high-shear technologies: Ultra-Turrax (5000 rpm), 2-stage homogenization (345 bar), or microfluidization (690 bar)...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Food Science
Kazuki Shigyou, Ken H Nagai, Tsutomu Hamada
In the past decades, nanoparticles and nanomaterials have been actively used for applications such as visualizing nano/submicron cell structure, killing cancer cells and drug delivery systems. It is important to understand the physicochemical mechanisms that govern the motion of nanoparticles on a plasma membrane surface. However, the motion of small particles of < 1000 nm on lipid membranes is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the diffusion of particles with a diameter of 200~800nm on a lipid membrane using cell-sized liposomes...
October 25, 2016: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Hassan Bardania, Seyed Abbas Shojaosadati, Farzad Kobarfard, Farid Dorkoosh, Marjan Esfahani Zadeh, Mahmoud Naraki, Mehrdad Faizi
Eptifibatide is an antiplatelet drug used for the treatment of thrombosis. However, as a result of its accumulation in non-targeted tissues and short half-life, it has a limited efficacy. In this study, RGD-modified nano-liposomes (RGD-MNL) were prepared as carriers for the targeted delivery of eptifibatide to activated platelets. The nano-liposomes were about 90 ± 10 nm in size, with an encapsulation efficiency of 37 ± 5 % and a good stability during 21 days, with a negligible change in the size of nanoliosomes...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Miguel A Arroyo, Bryan H Schmitt, Thomas E Davis, Ryan F Relich
Mucormycosis fungemia is rarely documented since blood cultures are nearly always negative. We describe a case of Mucor circinelloides fungemia in a patient with a history of a sinus infection, sarcoidosis, and IgG deficiency. The identity of the isolate was supported by its microscopic morphology and its ability to convert into yeast forms under anaerobic conditions. The early detection, initiation of liposomal amphotericin B treatment, and reversal of underlying predisposing risk factors resulted in a good outcome...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Ali Hamzeh, Soottawat Benjakul, Theeraphol Senphan
Antioxidative activities of splendid squid gelatin hydrolysate (SGH) and squid mantle protein isolate hydrolysate (SMPIH) with different DHs (10-50 %) prepared using crude protease from hepatopancreas of Pacific white shrimp were comparatively studied. At the same DH, SGH had higher FRAP and metal chelating activity and SMPIH showed higher ABTS radical scavenging activities. However, SMPIH had higher ABTS radical scavenging activity than SGH at all DHs tested. SMPIH showed higher DPPH radical scavenging activities than SGH when DHs were up to 30 % DH...
September 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Sindhu Doppalapudi, Anjali Jain, Dhiraj Kumar Chopra, Wahid Khan
Psoralen in combination with ultraviolet A radiation (PUVA) is an FDA recommended therapy for clinical application in the management of severe recalcitrant psoriasis. Psoralen acts by intercalation of DNA and upon exposure to UV-A, it forms monoadducts which inturn induce apoptosis. Poor skin deposition, weak percutaneous permeability of psoralen and adverse effects of severe burning, blisters, pigmentation associated with conventional topical psoralen vehicles hinders the therapeutic efficacy and safety of topical PUVA...
October 21, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Shaghayegh Fathi, Adegboyega K Oyelere
Liposomes are biodegradable and biocompatible self-forming spherical lipid bilayer vesicles. They can encapsulate and deliver one or more hydrophobic and hydrophilic therapeutic agents with poor therapeutic indices to tumor sites. Properties such as lipid bilayer fluidity, charge, size and surface hydration can be modified to extend liposome circulation time in the bloodstream and enhance efficacy. The focus of this review is on ligand-conjugated liposomes and their potential application in tumor-targeted delivery...
October 24, 2016: Future Medicinal Chemistry
Hugh S O'Neill, Caroline C Herron, Conn L Hastings, Roel Deckers, Adolfo Lopez Noriega, Helena M Kelly, Wim E Hennink, Ciarán O McDonnell, Fergal J O'Brien, Eduardo Ruiz-Hernández, Garry P Duffy
Lysolipid-based thermosensitive liposomes (LTSL) embedded in a chitosan-based thermoresponsive hydrogel matrix (denoted Lipogel) represents a novel approach for the spatiotemporal release of therapeutic agents. The entrapment of drug-loaded liposomes in an injectable hydrogel permits local liposome retention, thus providing a prolonged release in target tissues. Moreover, release can be controlled through the use of a minimally invasive external hyperthermic stimulus. Temporal control of release is particularly important for complex multi-step physiological processes, such as angiogenesis, in which different signals are required at different times in order to produce a robust vasculature...
October 20, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Anil K Deshantri, Sander A A Kooijmans, Sylvia A Kuijpers, Maria Coimbra, Astrid Hoeppener, Gert Storm, Marcel H A M Fens, Raymond M Schiffelers
Cancers are abundantly infiltrated by inflammatory cells that are modulated by tumor cells to secrete mediators fostering tumor cell survival and proliferation. Therefore, agents that interfere with inflammatory signaling molecules or specific immune cell populations have been investigated as anticancer drugs. Corticosteroids are highly potent anti-inflammatory drugs, whose activity is intensified when targeted by nanocarrier systems. Liposome-targeted corticosteroids have been shown to inhibit tumor growth in different syngeneic murine tumor models as well as human xenograft mouse models, which is attributed to a switch in the tumor microenvironment from a pro-inflammatory to an anti-inflammatory state...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Waleska K Martins, Andreza B Gomide, Érico T Costa, Helena C Junqueira, Beatriz S Stolf, Rosangela Itri, Maurício S Baptista
BACKGROUND: Cell senescence is a process of central importance to the understanding of aging as well as to the development of new drugs. It is related with genomic instability, which has been shown to occur in the presence of autophagy deficiency. Yet, the mechanism that triggers genomic instability and senescence from a condition of autophagy deficiency remains unknown. By analyzing the consequences of treating human keratinocytes (HaCaT) with the pentacyclic triterpenoid Betulinic Acid (BA) we were able to propose that cell senescence can develop as a response to parallel damage in the membranes of mitochondria and lysosome...
October 20, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Xuehua Piao, Soh Yamazaki, Sachiko Komazawa-Sakon, Sanae Miyake, Osamu Nakabayashi, Takeyuki Kurosawa, Tetsuo Mikami, Minoru Tanaka, Nico Van Rooijen, Masaki Ohmuraya, Akira Oikawa, Yuko Kojima, Soichiro Kakuta, Yasuo Uchiyama, Masato Tanaka, Hiroyasu Nakano
: Tissue-resident macrophages and bone marrow (BM)-derived monocytes play a crucial role in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis; however, their contribution to recovery from acute tissue injury is not fully understood. To address this issue, we generated an acute murine liver injury model using hepatocyte-specific Cflar-deficient (Cflar(Hep-low) ) mice. Cellular FLICE-inhibitory protein (cFLIP) expression was downregulated in Cflar-deficient hepatocytes, which thereby increased susceptibility of hepatocytes to death receptor-induced apoptosis...
October 22, 2016: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
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