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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350611/to-do-no-harm-humanitarian-aid-in-conflict-demands-political-engagement
#1
Ronak B Patel, Hannah B Wild
Humanitarian aid in settings of conflict has always been fraught with challenges. In the absence of political engagement, however, manipulation by state authorities, however, have the potential to pervert aid intervention to inflict harm. South Sudan exemplifies how states may abuse the humanitarian response to retreat from public responsibility, divert funds to further violence and conflict and dictate the distribution of aid. Recent trends toward nationalist policies in the West that favor disengagement and limited military strikes have the very effect of allowing this abuse to transform humanitarian aid into a tool for harm...
January 19, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346483/retreat-from-human-rights-and-adverse-consequences-for-health
#2
Diederik Lohman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345849/impact-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography-on-periapical-assessment-and-treatment-plan-five-to-eleven-years-after-surgical-endodontic-retreatment
#3
C Kruse, R Spin-Neto, A Wenzel, M Vaeth, L-L Kirkevang
AIM: To evaluate how additional information from Cone Beam CT (CBCT) impactson periapical assessment and treatment planning based on clinical examination and periapical radiographs (PR) in cases followed-up five to eleven years after surgical endodontic retreatment (SER). METHODOLOGY: Patients receiving SER during 2004-2010 were re-invited for follow-up examination including clinical examination, PR, and CBCT. In total 108 patients (119 teeth) were re-invited, 74 patients (83 teeth) accepted to participate...
January 18, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343012/-the-effectiveness-of-individualized-treatment-regimen-on-smear-positive-retreatment-pulmonary-tuberculosis-with-mono-and-poly-drug-resistance
#4
Y H Liu, W W Gao, L Li, J Du, Y Ma, W Shu, X Y Lyu, S H Xie, H H Wang, T Chen
Objective: To analyze and evaluate the effectiveness of individualized treatment regimen in the therapy of smear-positive retreatment pulmonary tuberculosis with mono-and poly-drug resistance, and therefor to provide information on how to develop rational individualized regimen for retreatment tuberculosis cases with drug resistance. Methods: This was a multi-centered, prospective cohort study. Totally 254 cases of sputum positive tuberculosis with previous treatment history during the period from July 1, 2009 to August 30, 2016 were included in the analysis...
January 12, 2018: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341831/role-of-bone-modifying-agents-in-multiple-myeloma-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-update
#5
Kenneth Anderson, Nofisat Ismaila, Patrick J Flynn, Susan Halabi, Sundar Jagannath, Mohammed S Ogaily, Jim Omel, Noopur Raje, G David Roodman, Gary C Yee, Robert A Kyle
Purpose To update guideline recommendations on the role of bone-modifying agents in multiple myeloma. Methods An update panel conducted a targeted systematic literature review by searching PubMed and the Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews, meta-analyses, clinical practice guidelines, and observational studies. Results Thirty-five relevant studies were identified, and updated evidence supports the current recommendations. Recommendations For patients with active symptomatic multiple myeloma that requires systemic therapy with or without evidence of lytic destruction of bone or compression fracture of the spine from osteopenia on plain radiograph(s) or other imaging studies, intravenous administration of pamidronate 90 mg over at least 2 hours or zoledronic acid 4 mg over at least 15 minutes every 3 to 4 weeks is recommended...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339299/is-there-a-difference-in-the-outcome-of-mid-urethral-sling-operations-performed-by-urogynecologists-as-compared-to-supervised-residents
#6
Osnat Elyashiv, Noa Mevorach Zussman, Masha Ben-Zvi, Jacob Bar, Ron Sagiv, Alexander Condrea, Shimon Ginath
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To compare the operative results of midurethral sling (MUS) surgeries for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) performed by residents under the guidance of an attending specialist in urogynecology, to those done by attendings. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Canadian Task Force classification II-2 SETTING: University hospital PATIENTS: A retrospective analysis of all MUS's performed between January 2009 to December 2013, in a single public tertiary medical center, was carried out...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335096/clinically-significant-laser-in%C3%A2-situ-keratomileusis-flap-striae
#7
Avi Wallerstein, Mathieu Gauvin, Eser Adiguzel, Harmanjit Singh, Vasudha Gupta, Mona Harissi-Dagher, Mark Cohen
PURPOSE: To describe the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes before and after irrigation of clinically significant laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flap striae. SETTING: Multisurgeon multicenter standardized protocol practice. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control series. METHODS: Eyes with striae necessitating flap relift and irrigation were identified. Preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative variables were collected...
December 2017: Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335004/factors-associated-with-poor-treatment-outcome-of-tuberculosis-in-debre-tabor-northwest-ethiopia
#8
Addisu Melese, Balew Zeleke
OBJECTIVE: Directly observed treatment short course has been implemented as part of the national tuberculosis control program in Ethiopia. The strategy, as evidenced by different studies, has improved the survival and treatment success rate of tuberculosis patients. However, some patients failed to complete their treatments and the factors for this failure were not assessed in the study area. We, therefore sought to identify factors associated with poor treatment outcome of tuberculosis in Debre Tabor, northwest Ethiopia...
January 15, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329675/root-canal-retreatment-with-thermafil-as-an-obturator-seems-to-have-acceptable-survival-after-5-years
#9
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326269/exposed-subsurface-ice-sheets-in-the-martian-mid-latitudes
#10
Colin M Dundas, Ali M Bramson, Lujendra Ojha, James J Wray, Michael T Mellon, Shane Byrne, Alfred S McEwen, Nathaniel E Putzig, Donna Viola, Sarah Sutton, Erin Clark, John W Holt
Thick deposits cover broad regions of the Martian mid-latitudes with a smooth mantle; erosion in these regions creates scarps that expose the internal structure of the mantle. We investigated eight of these locations and found that they expose deposits of water ice that can be >100 meters thick, extending downward from depths as shallow as 1 to 2 meters below the surface. The scarps are actively retreating because of sublimation of the exposed water ice. The ice deposits likely originated as snowfall during Mars' high-obliquity periods and have now compacted into massive, fractured, and layered ice...
January 12, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325320/-anatomy-research-of-cervical-laminoplasty-with-preservation-of-the-posterior-ligament-complex
#11
H R Zhao, B S Xu, P F Shao, J J Xia, Q Zhang, W H Zhang
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of cervical laminoplasty with preservation of the posterior ligament complex for enlarging the spinal canal. Methods: Six up-to-standard human corpse specimens were divided into two groups by simple randomization (start from C4 group, S4; start from C5 group, S5; 3 corpses in each group). Decompression operation of C3-C6 level was performed in a predetermined sequence by using the new procedure with preservation of the posterior ligament complex.The basic depth of spinal canal was measured with a depth gauge at fixed point after the right bone groove of single level was completed...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317359/microsurgical-treatment-for-complex-basilar-artery-aneurysms-with-long-term-follow-up-in-a-series-of-35-cases
#12
Yaoling Liu, Xiangen Shi, K I Singh K C, Yuming Sun, Fangjun Liu, Hai Qian, Jie Zhang
BACKGROUND: There has been a massive shift in the balance toward endovascular therapy for basilar artery (BA) aneurysms in the modern era. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed clinical and radiological data from patients with BA aneurysms who were treated in a single medical center during a 10-year period from August 2006 to May 2016. RESULTS: Thirty-five consecutive patients with 46 aneurysms during the 10-year period were included...
January 6, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316909/the-health-impact-of-residential-retreats-a-systematic-review
#13
Dhevaksha Naidoo, Adrian Schembri, Marc Cohen
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy lifestyles are a major factor in the development and exacerbation of many chronic diseases. Improving lifestyles though immersive residential experiences that promote healthy behaviours is a focus of the health retreat industry. This systematic review aims to identify and explore published studies on the health, wellbeing and economic impact of retreat experiences. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsychINFO databases were searched for residential retreat studies in English published prior to February 2017...
January 10, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316039/treatment-of-hcv-infection-in-poland-at-the-beginning-of-the-interferon-free-era-the-epiter-2-study
#14
Robert Flisiak, Dorota Zarębska-Michaluk, Ewa Janczewska, Agnieszka Staniaszek, Andrzej Gietka, Włodzimierz Mazur, Magdalena Tudrujek, Krzysztof Tomasiewicz, Teresa Belica-Wdowik, Barbara Baka-Ćwierz, Dorota Dybowska, Waldemar Halota, Beata Lorenc, Marek Sitko, Aleksander Garlicki, Hanna Berak, Andrzej Horban, Iwona Orłowska, Krzysztof Simon, Łukasz Socha, Marta Wawrzynowicz-Syczewska, Jerzy Jaroszewicz, Zbigniew Deroń, Agnieszka Czauż-Andrzejuk, Jolanta Citko, Rafał Krygier, Anna Piekarska, Łukasz Laurans, Witold Dobracki, Jolanta Białkowska, Olga Tronina, Małgorzata Pawłowska
The aim of the EpiTer-2 study was to analyze patient characteristics and their medication for HCV infection in Poland at the beginning of the interferon-free era. Analysis of data of HCV infected patients treated during the initial period of availability of interferon-free regimens in Poland, who started therapy after 1 July 2015 and had available an efficacy evaluation report before 30 June 2017 was undertaken. A total of 2879 patients with chronic hepatitis C were entered, including 46% with liver cirrhosis...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309637/congress-of-neurological-surgeons-systematic-review-and-evidence-based-guidelines-on-the-role-of-radiosurgery-and-radiation-therapy-in-the-management-of-patients-with-vestibular-schwannomas
#15
Isabelle M Germano, Jason Sheehan, Johnathan Parish, Tyler Atkins, Anthony Asher, Constantinos G Hadjipanayis, Stuart H Burri, Sheryl Green, Jeffrey J Olson
Question: What are the indications for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) treatment vs observation for patients with intracanalicular vestibular schwannomas without evidence of radiographic progression? Recommendation: Level 3: If tinnitus is not observed at presentation, it is recommended that intracanalicular vestibular schwannomas and small tumors (<2 cm) without tinnitus be observed as observation does not have a negative impact on tumor growth or hearing preservation compared to treatment...
December 20, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309576/perspectives-on-restoring-health-shared-by-cree-women-alberta-canada
#16
Dionne Gesink, Lana Whiskeyjack, Tim Guimond
The purpose of this study was to explore nehiyaw iskwêwak (Cree women's) perceptions and beliefs about how to restore balance to health. Fifteen indigenous women from Northern Alberta, Canada, participated in a 3-day cultural retreat on beauty and art in British Columbia, Canada, in May 2015. At the end of the retreat, these women were invited to participate in a talking circle and asked, 'What does restoring balance look like?' A constructivist grounded theory approach was used to explore individual and collective perspectives on restoring health...
January 3, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308752/-systemic-pathologic-physiology-parameters-changes-in-sheep-drowning-a-control-study-in-freshwater-and-seawater
#17
Wanjie Yang, Qingguo Feng, Xiaozhi Liu, Qing Wang, Xuefeng Zhao, Rumei Zhang, Kai Wei, Hongyun Teng, Yumei Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the systemic pathologic physiology parameter changes in sheep drowning in freshwater and seawater. METHODS: The experimental animals were healthy crossbred sheep. According to the envelope method, 24 sheep were randomly divided into two groups, with 12 animals in each group. The animals in both groups were subjected to mechanical ventilation and analgesia and sedation, the drowning models were reproduced by injecting 10-25 mL/kg of seawater or freshwater into the endotracheal tube of animals...
January 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308602/anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-vegf-drugs-for-treatment-of-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#18
REVIEW
Mari Jeeva Sankar, Jhuma Sankar, Parijat Chandra
BACKGROUND: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a key role in angiogenesis in foetal life. Researchers have recently attempted to use anti-VEGF agents for the treatment of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a vasoproliferative disorder. The safety and efficacy of these agents in preterm infants with ROP is currently uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of anti-VEGF drugs when used either as monotherapy, that is without concomitant cryotherapy or laser therapy, or in combination with planned cryo/laser therapy in preterm infants with type 1 ROP (defined as zone I any stage with plus disease, zone I stage 3 with or without plus disease, or zone II stage 2 or 3 with plus disease)...
January 8, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306887/developing-professional-caregivers-empathy-and-emotional-competencies-through-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-mbsr-results-of-two-proof-of-concept-studies
#19
Martin Lamothe, Pierre McDuff, Yves D Pastore, Michel Duval, Serge Sultan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR)-based intervention and determine if the intervention is associated with a significant signal on empathy and emotional competencies. DESIGN: Two pre-post proof-of-concept studies. SETTING: Participants were recruited at the University of Montreal's Psychology Department (Study 1) and the CHU Sainte-Justine Department of Hematology-Oncology (Study 2)...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306533/microbial-analysis-of-endodontic-infections-in-root-filled-teeth-with-apical-periodontitis-before-and-after-irrigation-using-pyrosequencing
#20
Homan Zandi, Anne K Kristoffersen, Dag Ørstavik, Isabela N Rôças, José F Siqueira, Morten Enersen
INTRODUCTION: The root canal microbiota in root-filled teeth with post-treatment apical periodontitis before and after chemomechanical instrumentation and irrigation with either 1% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) or 2% chlorhexidine digluconate were analyzed by using the pyrosequencing method. METHODS: Samples from 10 root-filled teeth with apical periodontitis undergoing retreatment were taken before (S1) and after (S2) preparation using irrigation with either NaOCl (n = 5) or 2% chlorhexidine digluconate (n = 5)...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
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