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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145267/osteoblastic-bone-metastases-from-neuroendocrine-tumor-net-of-unknown-origin-detected-by-18fluorocholine-pet-ct-and-its-comparison-with-68gallium-dotatoc-pet-ct-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#1
Alberto Bongiovanni, Federica Recine, Monica Celli, Giulia Marcantognini, Flavia Foca, Chiara Liverani, Valentina Fausti, Alessandro De Vita, Giacomo Miserocchi, Laura Mercatali, Dino Amadori, Toni Ibrahim
RATIONALE: Choline (CH) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) with fluorine 18 (F) CH is increasingly used not only to evaluate patients with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer but also to assess metastatic lesions that are difficult or impossible to identify using more conventional modalities. Our experience with CH PET/CT has shown that it can also be used for many other malignancies. PRESENTING CONCERNS: A 71-year-old male with a neuroendocrine tumor (NET) of unknown origin showed osteoblastic bone metastases positive to F-CH PET...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142882/incidence-of-apical-crack-formation-and-propagation-during-removal-of-root-canal-filling-materials-with-different-engine-driven-nickel-titanium-instruments
#2
Taha Özyürek, Vildan Tek, Koray Yılmaz, Gülşah Uslu
Objectives: To determine the incidence of crack formation and propagation in apical root dentin after retreatment procedures performed using ProTaper Universal Retreatment (PTR), Mtwo-R, ProTaper Next (PTN), and Twisted File Adaptive (TFA) systems. Materials and Methods: The study consisted of 120 extracted mandibular premolars. One millimeter from the apex of each tooth was ground perpendicular to the long axis of the tooth, and the apical surface was polished...
November 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142623/simple-coiling-versus-stent-assisted-coiling-of-paraclinoid-aneurysms-radiological-outcome-in-a-single-center-study
#3
Soo Yeon Kim, Dong Sun Park, Hye Yin Park, Young Il Chun, Chang Taek Moon, Hong Gee Roh
Objective: Paraclinoid aneurysms are a group of aneurysms arising at the distal internal carotid artery. Due to a high incidence of small, wide-necked aneurysms in this zone, it is often challenging to achieve complete occlusion when solely using detachable coils, thus stent placement is often required. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect of stent placement in endovascular treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms. Methods: Data of 98 paraclinoid aneurysms treated by endovascular approach in our center from August 2005 to June 2016 were retrospectively reviewed...
November 2017: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139121/xyloglucan-is-released-by-plants-and-promotes-soil-particle-aggregation
#4
Andrew F Galloway, Martin J Pedersen, Beverley Merry, Susan E Marcus, Joshua Blacker, Liane G Benning, Katie J Field, J Paul Knox
Soil is a crucial component of the biosphere and is a major sink for organic carbon. Plant roots are known to release a wide range of carbon-based compounds into soils, including polysaccharides, but the functions of these are not known in detail. Using a monoclonal antibody to plant cell wall xyloglucan, we show that this polysaccharide is secreted by a wide range of angiosperm roots, and relatively abundantly by grasses. It is also released from the rhizoids of liverworts, the earliest diverging lineage of land plants...
November 15, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137661/applying-tuberculosis-management-time-to-measure-the-tuberculosis-infectious-pool-at-a-local-level-in-ethiopia
#5
Senedu Bekele Gebreegziabher, Gunnar Aksel Bjune, Solomon Abebe Yimer
BACKGROUND: Measuring the size of the infectious pool of tuberculosis (TB) is essential to understand the burden and monitor trends of TB control program performance. This study applied the concept of TB management time to estimate and compare the size of the TB infectious pool between 2009 and 2014 in West Gojjam Zone of Amhara Region, Ethiopia. METHODS: New sputum smear-positive and smear-negative pulmonary TB (PTB) and retreatment cases who attended 30 randomly selected public health facilities in West Gojjam Zone from October 2013 to October 2014 were consecutively enrolled in the study...
November 15, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136306/patient-and-physician-satisfaction-in-an-observational-study-with-methyl-aminolevulinate-daylight-photodynamic-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-multiple-actinic-keratoses-of-the-face-and-scalp-in-6-european-countries
#6
M C Fargnoli, S H Ibbotson, R E Hunger, G Rostain, M T W Gaastra, L Eibenschutz, C Cantisani, A W Venema, S Medina, N Kerrouche, B Pérez-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend treating actinic keratoses (AK) as they are recognized as precursors of invasive squamous cell carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to collect real-world clinical data on the use of methyl aminolevulinate daylight-photodynamic therapy (MAL DL-PDT) for the treatment of face and scalp AK in Europe. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, non-interventional study was conducted in 6 European countries in patients receiving a single treatment of MAL DL-PDT for face and/or scalp AK...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134841/the-googled-and-googling-analyst
#7
Nathan Kravis
Kierkegaard's concept of leveling is applied to the dynamics of envy, particularly as they come into play among psychoanalysts doing clinical analytic work. This is illustrated in two clinical vignettes. The technocultural surround of the digital age impinges on analytic identity in ways that can evoke fantasied retreats into sameness and erasure of distinction. The "digital reality principle" is introduced as a way of conceptualizing an aspect of the hatred of thinking and certain envious responses to distinction...
October 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133837/contrasting-runoff-trends-between-dry-and-wet-parts-of-eastern-tibetan-plateau
#8
Yuanyuan Wang, Yongqiang Zhang, Francis H S Chiew, Tim R McVicar, Lu Zhang, Hongxia Li, Guanghua Qin
As the "Asian Water Tower", the Tibetan Plateau (TP) provides water resources for more than 1.4 billion people, but suffers from climatic and environmental changes, followed by the changes in water balance components. We used state-of-the-art satellite-based products to estimate spatial and temporal variations and trends in annual precipitation, evapotranspiration and total water storage change across eastern TP, which were then used to reconstruct an annual runoff variability series for 2003-2014. The basin-scale reconstructed streamflow variability matched well with gauge observations for five large rivers...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132693/relationship-between-visual-outcomes-and-retinal-fluid-resorption-in-patients-with-diabetic-macular-edema-treated-with-ranibizumab
#9
B Penaud, F Fajnkuchen, O Levy, G Chaine, A Giocanti-Auregan
PURPOSE: We assessed the relationship between visual acuity (VA) recovery and a qualitative criterion - complete retinal fluid resorption (CRFR) - among patients treated with ranibizumab for diabetic macular edema (DME) METHODS: All consecutive diabetic patients with central DME received a loading dose of 3 monthly injections of ranibizumab 0.5mg, followed by retreatments on an as-needed basis as determined by monthly follow-up. Patients were divided into 3 groups: CRFR (defined as a CRT <300μm and restoration of the foveolar pit) with BCVA≤70 letters (group 1: G1), CRFR with BCVA>70 letters (20/40) (G2), and persistent retinal fluid throughout the follow-up (G3)...
November 10, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130600/opioid-dependence-and-pregnancy-in-early-twentieth-century-america
#10
Nathan Tauger
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Research on Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome has prompted discussion over how to ensure best outcomes for pregnant women who use drugs and for drug-dependent newborns. Before Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome and the 1980s panic of "crack babies," turn-of-the-century American medical journals discussed infants born to drug-using mothers. This paper aimed to determine whether women who used drugs while pregnant in early twentieth-century America were subject to the stigma many face today...
November 11, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129397/environmental-baselines-and-reconstruction-of-atlantic-water-inflow-in-bj%C3%A3-rn%C3%A3-yrenna-sw-barents-sea-since-1800%C3%A2-ce
#11
Noortje Dijkstra, Juho Junttila, Steffen Aagaard-Sørensen
Metal concentrations, sediment properties and benthic foraminiferal assemblages were investigated in sediment cores in the SW Barents Sea, to reconstruct environmental baselines and natural variability of Atlantic Water inflow since 1800 CE. Metal concentrations correspond to no effect levels and do not influence the foraminifera. Increased Hg and Pb was linked to inflow of Atlantic Water. The data set is considered to reflect the pre-impacted environmental baseline and range in natural variability of the study area...
October 28, 2017: Marine Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128229/proton-beam-therapy-for-iris-melanomas-in-107-patients
#12
Juliette Thariat, Ahmed Rahmi, Julia Salleron, Carlo Mosci, Benjamin Butet, Celia Maschi, Francesco Lanza, Sara Lanteri, Stephanie Baillif, Joel Herault, Thibaud Mathis, Jean Pierre Caujolle
PURPOSE: To report on the clinical characteristics and outcomes for patients with iris melanoma using proton therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective study. PARTICIPANTS: One hundred seven patients with iris melanoma from 3 regional ophthalmologic centers. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted for iris melanoma patients from 3 regional ophthalmologic centers referred to and treated at a single proton therapy facility between 1996 and 2015...
November 8, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126154/a-cost-minimization-analysis-of-large-overjet-reduction-with-two-removable-functional-appliances-based-on-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Emina Cirgic, Heidrun Kjellberg, Max Petzold, Ken Hansen
Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess and relate the societal costs of reducing large overjet with a prefabricated functional appliance (PFA), or a slightly modified Andresen activator (AA), using a cost-minimization analysis (CMA). Design, settings, and participants: A multicentre, prospective, randomized clinical trial was conducted with patients from 12 general dental practices. Ninety-seven patients with an Angle Class II, division 1 malocclusion, and an overjet of ≥6 mm were randomly allocated by lottery to treatment with either a PFA or an AA...
November 4, 2017: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126111/second-radioiodine-treatment-limited-benefit-for-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-with-loforegional-persistent-disease
#14
Dania Hirsch, Alexander Gorshtein, Eyal Robenshtok, Hiba Masri-Iraqi, Amit Akirov, Hadar Duskin Bitan, Ilan Shimon, Carlos Benbassat
Purpose: Radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment is often indicated after total thyroidectomy in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). However, its role in biochemical or loco-regional persistent DTC is unclear. We aimed to investigate the impact of a second RAI treatment in patients with incomplete response to initial treatment and no evidence of distant metastases. Methods: Patients who underwent at least two RAI treatments over a 20-year period at a tertiary hospital were identified...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125670/use-of-a-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-rna-positive-donor-in-a-treated-hcv-rna-negative-liver-transplant-recipient
#15
Isabel Campos-Varela, Eliana Z Agudelo, Monika Sarkar, John P Roberts, Norah A Terrault
The shortage of livers has led most transplant centers to use extended criteria donors. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA-positive donors are typically not given to patients who have cleared HCV. A 64-year-old male with chronic hepatitis C, genotype 1b was listed for LT with hepatocellular carcinoma. While on the waiting list, the patient was treated with sofosbuvir, ledipasvir, and ribavirin and achieved an HCV RNA <15 IU/mL by week 10. At week 18 of a planned 24-week treatment course, the patient underwent deceased-donor LT and received an organ from an anti-HCV-positive donor...
November 10, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123632/management-of-post-endodontic-retreatment-pain-with-low-level-laser-therapy
#16
Mohammad Asnaashari, Hengameh Ashraf, Amir Houshang Daghayeghi, Seyed Masoud Mojahedi, Saranaz Azari-Marhabi
Introduction: Pharmacotherapy with analgesics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs has been traditionally used to relief post-operative pain of endodontic treatments. However, due to the side effects reported for these drugs, some efforts have been made to decrease the post-operative pain of the endodontic treatments through laser irradiation. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of low level laser therapy (LLLT) on the reduction of pain after root canal retreatment. Methods: In this clinical trial, 61 patients requiring endodontic retreatments in posterior teeth were selected...
2017: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122620/three-year-outcomes-of-the-prospective-randomized-controlled-rez%C3%A5-m-system-study-convective-radiofrequency-thermal-therapy-for-treatment-of-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-due-to-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#17
Kevin T McVary, Claus G Roehrborn
OBJECTIVE: To report 3-year outcomes of a prospective, multi-center, randomized, blinded control trial after treatment with convective radiofrequency (RF) water vapor thermal therapy for moderate to severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen centers enrolled and randomized 197 men ≥50 years old with International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) ≥13, maximum flow rate (Qmax) ≤15 ml/s and prostate volume 30 to 80 cc to thermal therapy with Rezūm® System or control (2:1)...
November 6, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121428/efficacy-of-medroxyprogesterone-acetate-treatment-and-retreatment-for-atypical-endometrial-hyperplasia-and-endometrial-cancer
#18
Satoshi Tamauchi, Hiroaki Kajiyama, Fumi Utsumi, Shiro Suzuki, Kaoru Niimi, Jun Sakata, Mika Mizuno, Kiyosumi Shibata, Fumitaka Kikkawa
AIM: Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) is used to preserve fertility in patients with Grade 1 endometrial cancer without myometrial invasion (G1EA) and those with atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH). However, the efficacy of retreatment with MPA has not been sufficiently established for patients who experience recurrence but wish to retain their fertility. This study aimed to show the effectiveness of MPA treatment and retreatment for AEH and G1EA. METHODS: A total of 39 patients received MPA treatment between 2005 and 2015, including nine with G1EA and 30 with AEH...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121199/the-next-19-years-of-the-american-head-and-neck-society
#19
Jeffrey N Myers
Jeffrey N. Myers, MD, PhD, president of the American Head and Neck Society (AHNS) for 2016 to 2017, offered his perspectives on the AHNS's history, present-day activities, and future plans at this year's annual meeting of the society. The society was created from the 1998 merger of 2 societies, the Society for Head and Neck Surgeons (SHNS), founded in 1954, and the American Society for Head and Neck Surgery (ASHNS), founded in 1959, to become the largest organization in North America for the advancement of research and education in head and neck oncology...
November 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120657/-anabolic-steroid-induced-hypogonadism-in-men-overview-and-case-report
#20
Luboslav Stárka, Michaela Dušková, Lucie Kolátorová, Oldřich Lapčík
An important potential consequence of the anabolic steroid misuse is hypogonadotropic hypogonadism due to the inhibition of pituitary secretion of gonadotropins. By the symptoms as testicular atrophy, spermatogenic and fertility disturbances or dysfunction in sexual life, the anabolic steroids induced hypogonadism (ASIH) could be differentiated from organic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism only with difficulty unless the misuse is reported by the user. When diagnosed, the crucial step in the therapy is the stop of anabolic use...
2017: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
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