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Transgluteal Sciatic Nerve Block

A P Murdoch, J N Michou
A prospective, randomised, blinded, case-controlled clinical study was designed using client-owned dogs undergoing unilateral pelvic limb orthopaedic surgery, to determine the effect on induced motor activity by electrical stimulation of the sciatic nerve distal to the site of local anaesthetic administration. Dogs were administered 0.5% bupivacaine either extradurally or via a femoral and transgluteal sciatic electrolocation-guided nerve block prior to pelvic limb surgery. Motor response to electrical stimulation of branches of the sciatic nerve was tested and the minimum current required to induce muscle twitch was recorded prior to bupivacaine administration...
March 2016: Veterinary Journal
C Raith, C Kölblinger, H Walch
For amputations of the lower limbs the combined blockade of the sciatic nerve (via the transgluteal approach) and the femoral nerve (via the inguinal route) may be a suitable alternative to general or neuroaxial anaesthetic methods. In highly comorbid, high risk patients this catheter-linked regional anaesthesia combines the advantages of avoiding controlled ventilation with decreased cardiovascular depression, as conveyed by the use of general anaesthesia or neuraxial techniques. Furthermore, improved postoperative analgesia may be achieved for several days...
June 2008: Der Anaesthesist
De Quang Hieu Tran, Antonio Clemente, Roderick J Finlayson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this narrative review is to summarize the evidence derived from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding approaches and techniques for lower extremity nerve blocks. SOURCE: Using the MEDLINE (January 1966 to April 2007) and EMBASE (January 1980 to April 2007) databases, medical subject heading (MeSH) terms "lumbosacral plexus", "femoral nerve", "obturator nerve", "saphenous nerve", "sciatic nerve", "peroneal nerve" and "tibial nerve" were searched and combined with the MESH term "nerve block" using the operator "and"...
November 2007: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
E Monzó, M Hajro, F Galindo, C Baeza, A González, M García, A Barreiro
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of a combined transgluteal sciatic and inguinal paravascular nerve block for arthroscopic knee surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective descriptive study of 88 patients scheduled for arthroscopic knee surgery. Using a nerve stimulator and a transgluteal approach, we infiltrated the sciatic nerve with 20 mL of 1.5% mepivacaine. Then, with the patient in supine position, we located the femoral nerve and inserted a plastic catheter into the descending inguinal canal, applying pressure near the tip, to inject 20 mL of 1% mepivacaine...
October 2004: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
M Neuburger, M Rotzinger, H Kaiser
In the present study the difference of the distances of the tip of the needle to the nerve at similar current intensities but different pulse widths (100 microseconds vs. 1000 microseconds) were determined by means of 20 blockades of the sciatic nerve using the transgluteal approach of Labat. Comparable current intensities at different pulse widths (100 microseconds vs. 1000 microseconds) were compared in the same way, using the same position of the needle. At a pulse width of 100 microseconds and a current intensity of 0...
March 2001: Der Anaesthesist
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