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Fibromyalgia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816770/prevalence-of-disability-in-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-and-rheumatic-diseases-in-a-population-from-cuenca-ecuador
#1
Sergio Vicente Guevara-Pacheco, Astrid Feican-Alvarado, Jorge Delgado-Pauta, Angelita Lliguisaca-Segarra, Ingris Pelaez-Ballestas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of disability in patients with musculoskeletal pain and rheumatic diseases in Cuenca, Ecuador. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analytical study with randomized sampling in 4877 subjects, from urban and rural areas. COPCORD (Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases)-validated questionnaire was administered house-to-house to identify subjects with nontraumatic musculoskeletal pain and rheumatic diseases...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814895/caffeine-as-an-opioid-analgesic-adjuvant-in-fibromyalgia
#2
J Ryan Scott, Afton L Hassett, Chad M Brummett, Richard E Harris, Daniel J Clauw, Steven E Harte
BACKGROUND: Caffeine's properties as an analgesic adjuvant with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs/acetaminophen are well documented. However, little clinical research has explored caffeine's effects on opioid analgesia. This study assessed the effects of caffeine consumption on pain and other symptoms in opioid-using and nonusing chronic pain patients meeting the survey criteria for fibromyalgia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients presenting to a university-based pain clinic completed validated self-report questionnaires assessing symptoms...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812209/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-chronic-widespread-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Wai Chung Yong, Anawin Sanguankeo, Sikarin Upala
Chronic non-specific widespread pain (CWP) including fibromyalgia (FMS) is characterized by widespread pain, reduced pain threshold, and multiple tender points on examination, causing disability and decreased quality of life. Vitamin D has been proposed as an associated factor in CWP. This meta-analysis aimed to explore the benefit of vitamin D supplementation in the management of CWP. A comprehensive search of the CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase databases was performed from inception through January 2017. The inclusion criterion was the randomized clinical trials' evaluating the effects of vitamin D treatment in adult subjects with CWP or FMS...
August 15, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811828/nonvitamin-nonmineral-dietary-supplement-use-among-adults-with-fibromyalgia-united-states-2007-2012
#4
Termeh Feinberg, Christa Lilly, Kim Innes
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FMS) is a pain condition affecting 2-6% of US adults; effective treatment remains limited. Determinants of nonvitamin, nonmineral dietary supplement (NVNM) use among adults with FMS are not well-studied. We investigated the relation of NVNM use to FMS, and trends, in two nationally representative samples of US adults ≥18 years. METHODS: Data were drawn from 2007 and 2012 National Health Interview Surveys (N's = 20127 and 30672, resp.)...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810979/women-veterans-a-population-at-risk-for-fibromyalgia-the-associations-between-fibromyalgia-symptoms-and-quality-of-life
#5
Rita F D'Aoust, Alicia Gill Rossiter, Amanda Elliott, Ming Ji, Cecile Lengacher, Maureen Groer
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Federal Health Care recently published an executive summary from a round table discussion indicating that active duty and retired female military personnel are at high risk for adverse health outcomes unique to military service including complications related to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), unreported sexual trauma, and musculoskeletal problems. In 2008, the Institute of Medicine began to review, evaluate, and summarize the literature on health outcomes in Gulf War-deployed and found sufficient evidence of a causal relationship with PTSD and suggestive evidence of an association with fibromyalgia (FM)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806206/chronic-pain-and-associated-factors-in-india-and-nepal-a-pilot-study-of-the-vanderbilt-global-pain-survey
#6
Jenna L Walters, Kelly Baxter, Hannah Chapman, Tracy Jackson, Adinarayanan Sethuramachandran, Marcus Couldridge, Hem Raj Joshi, Pankaj Kundra, Xulei Liu, Divya Nair, Bonnie Sullivan, Matthew S Shotwell, Ryan J Jense, Nicholas J Kassebaum, K A Kelly McQueen
BACKGROUND: Evaluation and treatment of chronic pain worldwide are limited by the lack of standardized assessment tools incorporating consistent definitions of pain chronicity and specific queries of known social and psychological risk factors for chronic pain. The Vanderbilt Global Pain Survey (VGPS) was developed as a tool to address these concerns, specifically in the low- and middle-income countries where global burden is highest. METHODS: The VGPS was developed using standardized and cross-culturally validated metrics, including the Brief Pain Inventory and World Health Organization Disability Assessment Scale, as well as the Pain Catastrophizing Scale, the Fibromyalgia Survey Questionnaire along with queries about pain attitudes to assess the prevalence of chronic pain and disability along with its psychosocial and emotional associations...
August 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802070/memantine-for-the-treatment-of-general-neuropathic-pain-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Gisèle Pickering, Véronique Morel
Neuropathic pain (NP) is difficult to treat and is associated with a decline in quality of life. NP aetiologies are numerous and a number of pathologies display neuropathic characteristics. Of the various N-Methyl-D-Aspartate antagonists that are alternatives to recommended in first-line NP treatment, memantine has the safest side-effect profile and has long been approved in Alzheimer's disease. The review covers memantine studies in post-herpetic neuralgia, diabetic pain, postoperative pain, complex regional pain syndrome, chronic phantom limb pain, opioid refractory pain, and fibromyalgia...
August 12, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800969/new-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-of-fibromyalgia
#8
Roberto E Heymann, Eduardo S Paiva, José Eduardo Martinez, Milton Helfenstein, Marcelo C Rezende, Jose Roberto Provenza, Aline Ranzolin, Marcos Renato de Assis, Daniel P Feldman, Luiz Severiano Ribeiro, Eduardo J R Souza
OBJECTIVE: To establish guidelines based on scientific evidence for the diagnosis of fibromyalgia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Evidence collection was performed based on 9 questions regarding the diagnosis of fibromyalgia, structured using the Patient, Intervention or Indicator, Comparison and Outcome (P.I.C.O.), with searches in the main, primary databases of scientific information. After defining the potential studies to support the recommendations, they were graded according to evidence and degree of recommendation...
August 8, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799194/comparison-of-sleep-structure-and-psychometric-profiles-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-osteoarthritis-and-healthy-controls
#9
Wai K Yeung, Kevin Morgan, Frank Mckenna
While research indicates that both the macro- and microstructure of sleep may be altered in fibromyalgia syndrome, few studies have controlled for symptom duration or included pain-control participants (i.e. patients with chronic pain and sleep disturbance not associated with fibromyalgia syndrome). A frequently reported alteration found in the sleep microstructure of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome is the alpha-delta sleep anomaly. Although alpha waves have been observed during N3 sleep in healthy individuals, it has been proposed that there is an increase in alpha wave activity during slow-wave sleep in fibromyalgia syndrome...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796118/emotional-awareness-and-expression-therapy-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-education-for-fibromyalgia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Mark A Lumley, Howard Schubiner, Nancy A Lockhart, Kelley M Kidwell, Steven E Harte, Daniel J Clauw, David A Williams
Patients with FM experience increased lifetime levels of psychosocial adversity, trauma, and emotional conflict. To address these risk factors, we developed Emotion Awareness and Expression Therapy (EAET) and tested its benefits against an active control condition, FM Education, and against the field's gold standard intervention for FM, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for symptom management. Adults with FM (n = 230) formed 40 treatment groups, which were randomized to EAET, CBT, or Education and given eight, 90-min sessions...
August 8, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795307/sex-symptom-severity-and-quality-of-life-in-rheumatology
#11
REVIEW
Marco Krasselt, Christoph Baerwald
Inflammatory rheumatic diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) show a striking female predominance ranging from 3:1 in RA up to 9:1 in SLE. The background for those gender bias is not fully understood yet, but seems to be the result of a complex interaction between sex hormones, (epi-)genetics, and possibly even the composition of gut microbiota. Moreover, time of disease onset, the clinical phenotype including co-morbidities as well as the course of the diseases during life differ between genders...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792612/problems-and-solutions-for-patients-with-fibromyalgia-building-new-helping-relationships
#12
Pilar Montesó-Curto, Montserrat García-Martinez, Sara Romaguera, María Luisa Mateu, María Teresa Cubí-Guillén, Lidia Sarrió-Colas, Anna Núria Llàdser, Stephen Bradley, María Luisa Panisello-Chavarria
AIM: To identify the main biological, psychological and sociological problems and potential solutions for patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia by use of Group Problem-Solving Therapy. BACKGROUND: Group Problem-Solving Therapy is a technique for identifying and solving problems, increasing assertiveness, self-esteem and eliminating negative thoughts. DESIGN: Qualitative phenomenological interpretive design: Group Problem-Solving Therapy sessions conducted with patients suffering fibromyalgia were studied; participants recruited via the Rheumatology Department at a general hospital and associations in Catalonia, Spain with sessions conducted in nearby university setting...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790879/developing-and-implementing-a-community-based-model-of-care-for-fibromyalgia-a-feasibility-study
#13
Michelle Teo, Bindu Mohan, Nelly D Oelke
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a complex disease posing challenges for primary care providers and specialists in its management. AIM: To evaluate the development and implementation of a comprehensive, integrated, community-based model of care for FM. METHODS: A mixed methods feasibility study was completed in a small urban centre in southern British Columbia, Canada. Eleven adults with FM and a team of seven health care providers (HCPs) participated in a 10-week intervention involving education, exercise, and sleep management...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786258/the-role-of-hyperbaric-oxygen-therapy-in-orthopedics-and-rheumatological-diseases
#14
REVIEW
Giuseppe Barilaro, Ignazio Francesco Masala, Renato Parracchini, Cesare Iesu, Giulia Caddia, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Fabiola Atzeni
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) has been investigated as a primary/adjunctive treatment for a number of injuries and medical conditions including traumatic ischemia, necrotizing soft tissue injuries, non-healing ulcers and osteoradionecrosis, but the results are controversial. There is insufficient evidence to support or reject the use of HBOT to quicken healing or to treat the established non-union of fractures. However, in patients with fibromyalgia, HBOT reduces brain activity in the posterior cortex and increases it in the frontal, cingulate, medial temporal and cerebellar cortices, thus leading to beneficial changes in brain areas that are known to function abnormally...
July 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785409/preliminary-investigation-of-self-as-context-in-people-with-fibromyalgia
#15
Lin Yu, Sam Norton, Sarah Almarzooqi, Lance M McCracken
Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), based on the Psychological Flexibility (PF) model, has been recently applied to fibromyalgia (FM), and appeared effective in improving functioning. However, evidence for some of the processes within the PF model, self-as-context (SAC) in particular, is lacking within this population. The current study validates a measure of SAC, the Self Experiences Questionnaire (SEQ), and preliminarily investigates the role of SAC in relation to functioning in FM. Participants (N = 298, 93...
August 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779930/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-therapy-in-pain-function-and-depression-of-the-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#16
Alp Alev, Adalı Mihriban, Efe Bilge, Elyıldırım Ayça, Karabulut Merve, Coşkun Şeyma, Ertem Uğur, Bilgiç Adnan, Karakullukçuoğlu Zeynel, Günay Selim Mahmut
AIM: Aim of the study is to search the effects of whole body vibration (WBV) in fibromyalgia patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this single blind study 20 fibromyalgia patients were diagnosed according to 2010 American College of Rheumatology criteria whom participated in the study with the mean age of 57 ± 7 (years). Participants were randomized into 2 equal groups. In the intervention group (n = 10), 6 different types of exercises were combined with 30 hz frequency, 2 mm amplitude WBV for 4 weeks, The control group (n = 10) performed the same exercises on the same platform without vibration...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779918/effects-of-a-respiratory-functional-training-program-on-pain-and-sleep-quality-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-a-pilot-study
#17
M Garrido, M Y Castaño, C Biehl-Printes, M A Gomez, J C Branco, P Tomas-Carus, A B Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of 8-week respiratory functional training program on pain tolerance, sleep, and urinary antioxidant and cortisol levels in 18 patients with fibromyalgia. METHODS: Participants underwent a 12-week intervention: 4 weeks as control and 8 weeks of breathing exercises. Pain tolerance assay was done by using an algometer, whereas sleep quality was evaluated by actigraphy and by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Cortisol and antioxidant levels were determined using commercial assay kits...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779491/antiepileptic-drugs-for-chronic-non-cancer-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
REVIEW
Tess E Cooper, Philip J Wiffen, Lauren C Heathcote, Jacqui Clinch, Richard Howard, Elliot Krane, Susan M Lord, Navil Sethna, Neil Schechter, Chantal Wood
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common feature of childhood and adolescence around the world, and for many young people, that pain is chronic. The World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines for pharmacological treatments for children's persisting pain acknowledge that pain in children is a major public health concern of high significance in most parts of the world. While in the past, pain was largely dismissed and was frequently left untreated, views on children's pain have changed over time, and relief of pain is now seen as importantWe designed a suite of seven reviews on chronic non-cancer pain and cancer pain (looking at antidepressants, antiepileptic drugs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, opioids, and paracetamol) in order to review the evidence for children's pain utilising pharmacological interventions in children and adolescents...
August 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778847/combination-analgesic-development-for-enhanced-clinical-efficacy-cadence-trial-study-protocol-for-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-crossover-trial-of-an-alpha-lipoic-acid-pregabalin-combination-for-the-treatment-of-fibromyalgia-pain
#19
Ian Gilron, Dongsheng Tu, Ronald Holden, Tanveer Towheed, Elizabeth Vandenkerkhof, Roumen Milev
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a clinical disorder commonly presenting with chronic widespread pain as well as sleep disturbance, fatigue, depression, and cognitive dysfunction. There is an urgent need for treatment strategies that provide better pain relief and fewer adverse effects (AEs). Efforts to develop rational combinations of specific fibromyalgia treatments have demonstrated potential for measurable improvements in pain relief, quality of life, and health care utilization. More than half of fibromyalgia patients receive 2 or more analgesics but current combination use is based on limited evidence...
August 4, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777895/cross-cultural-adaptation-and-psychometric-validation-of-the-serbian-version-of-the-central-sensitization-inventory-csi
#20
Aleksandar Knezevic, Randy Neblett, Milica Jeremic-Knezevic, Snezana Tomasevic-Todorovic, Ksenija Boskovic, Petar Colovic, Antonio Cuesta-Vargas
OBJECTIVES: It has been increasingly recognized that many chronic pain conditions are associated with central sensitization (CS). The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is a potentially useful tool for screening patients whose presenting symptoms are suspected of being related to CS, so that additional diagnostic evaluation can be performed, and appropriate treatment can be initiated. The original English version is currently not available in Serbian. METHODS: The CSI was translated into Serbian and then psychometrically evaluated in a sample of 363 chronic pain subjects...
August 4, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
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