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Saphenous Nerve Block

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738318/saphenous-nerve-block-for-the-assessment-of-knee-pain-refractory-to-conservative-treatment
#1
Daniel C Herman, Kevin R Vincent
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732591/differential-conduction-and-cgrp-release-in-visceral-versus-cutaneous-peripheral-nerves-in-the-mouse
#2
Roberto De Col, Karl Messlinger, Tali Hoffmann
Cutaneous afferent nerves convey sensory information from the external, visceral nerves from the internal environment. The saphenous nerve arising from lumbar dorsal root ganglia and the vagus nerve originating in the nodosum ganglia are prototypic examples of such cutaneous and visceral nerves. Despite a common sensory role, these two nerves have distinct embryonic origin and vary in neuropeptide expression. Because of their distinct physiological roles, it is plausible that they differ also in conductive properties...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723257/pharmacological-characterization-of-potent-and-selective-nav1-7-inhibitors-engineered-from-chilobrachys-jingzhao-tarantula-venom-peptide-jztx-v
#3
Bryan D Moyer, Justin K Murray, Joseph Ligutti, Kristin Andrews, Philippe Favreau, John B Jordan, Josie H Lee, Dong Liu, Jason Long, Kelvin Sham, Licheng Shi, Reto Stöcklin, Bin Wu, Ruoyuan Yin, Violeta Yu, Anruo Zou, Kaustav Biswas, Les P Miranda
Identification of voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.7 inhibitors for chronic pain therapeutic development is an area of vigorous pursuit. In an effort to identify more potent leads compared to our previously reported GpTx-1 peptide series, electrophysiology screening of fractionated tarantula venom discovered the NaV1.7 inhibitory peptide JzTx-V from the Chinese earth tiger tarantula Chilobrachys jingzhao. The parent peptide displayed nominal selectivity over the skeletal muscle NaV1.4 channel. Attribute-based positional scan analoging identified a key Ile28Glu mutation that improved NaV1...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719192/response-to-letter-regarding-combined-popliteal-catheter-with-single-injection-vs-continuous-infusion-saphenous-nerve-block-for-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#4
Steven M Raikin, Kathleen Jarrell, Elizabeth McDonald, Rachel Shakked, Kristen Nicholson, Vincent Kasper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719191/letter-regarding-combined-popliteal-catheter-with-single-injection-vs-continuous-infusion-saphenous-nerve-block-for-foot-and-ankle-surgery
#5
Mark C Kendall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667940/the-importance-of-the-saphenous-nerve-block-for-analgesia-following-major-ankle-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-double-blind-study
#6
Siska Bjørn, Wan Yi Wong, Jørgen Baas, Kristian K Nielsen, Jens Børglum, Rasmus Wulff Hauritz, Thomas Fichtner Bendtsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Major ankle surgery causes intense postoperative pain, and whereas the importance of a sciatic nerve block is well established, the clinical significance of a supplemental saphenous nerve block has never been determined in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. We hypothesized that a saphenous nerve block reduces the proportion of patients experiencing significant clinical pain after major ankle surgery. METHODS: Eighteen patients were enrolled and received a popliteal sciatic nerve block...
March 26, 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529613/corr-insights%C3%A2-saphenous-nerve-block-from-within-the-knee-is-feasible-for-tka-mri-and-cadaveric-study
#7
Emmanuel Thienpont
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529612/saphenous-nerve-block-from-within-the-knee-is-feasible-for-tka-mri-and-cadaveric-study
#8
Joseph J Kavolus, David Sia, Hollis G Potter, David E Attarian, Paul F Lachiewicz
BACKGROUND: Surgeon-performed periarticular injections and anesthesiologist-performed femoral nerve or adductor canal blocks with local anesthetic are in common use as part of multimodal pain management regimens for patients undergoing TKA. However, femoral nerve blocks risk causing quadriceps weakness and falls, and anesthesiologist-performed adductor canal blocks are costly in time and resources and may be unreliable. We investigated the feasibility of a surgeon-performed saphenous nerve ("adductor canal") block from within the knee at the time of TKA...
January 2018: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445501/saphenous-nerve-block-as-a-diagnosis-tool-for-chronic-postsurgical-pain-of-the-left-medial-calf
#9
Dan Sebastian Dîrzu, Theodor Boţ, Constantin Ciuce
Ultrasound-guided saphenous nerve block above the knee may be a valuable diagnosis tool in patient presenting chronic pain of the calf.
February 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206803/clinical-indicators-of-the-need-for-telemetry-postoperative-monitoring-in-patients-with-suspected-obstructive-sleep-apnea-undergoing-total-knee-arthroplasty
#10
Kethy M Jules-Elysée, Natasha A Desai, Yan Ma, Wei Zhang, Thuyvan H Luu, Stavros G Memtsoudis, Gregory A Liguori
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with increased complication rates postoperatively. Current literature does not provide adequate guidance on management of these patients. This study used the STOP-Bang questionnaire to diagnose patients with possible obstructive sleep apnea (score ≥3). We hypothesized that a STOP-Bang score of 3 or greater would significantly correlate with the number of oxygen desaturation episodes during the first 48 hours after total knee arthroscopy...
January 2018: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937534/the-spread-of-ultrasound-guided-injectate-from-the-adductor-canal-to-the-genicular-branch-of-the-posterior-obturator-nerve-and-the-popliteal-plexus-a-cadaveric-study
#11
Charlotte Runge, Bernhard Moriggl, Jens Børglum, Thomas Fichtner Bendtsen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The popliteal nerve plexus contributes to afferent knee-pain conduction. It is mainly formed by genicular branches from the posterior obturator and the tibial nerves, innervating the intra-articular and posterior knee region. A subinguinal obturator nerve block alleviates pain after total knee arthroplasty. Reduced hip adductor motor function could be avoided by a posterior obturator nerve block inside the popliteal fossa.The aim of this study was to evaluate the spread of dye after a distal adductor canal (AC) injection to the popliteal fossa and coloring of the popliteal plexus and the genicular branch of the posterior obturator nerve by dissection...
November 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860790/evaluation-of-pain-during-endovenous-laser-ablation-of-the-great-saphenous-vein-with-ultrasound-guided-femoral-nerve-block
#12
Abdullah M Al Wahbi
BACKGROUND: Endoluminal laser ablation is now considered the method of choice for treating greater saphenous vein insufficiency. General anesthesia and peripheral nerve blocks with sedation have the risk of post-procedural delay in discharge and prolonged immobilization with the risk of deep vein thrombosis. The main pain experienced by patients during the procedure is during the laser ablation and the multiple needle punctures given along and around the great saphenous vein. The aim of our study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of blocking the femoral nerve only under ultrasound-guidance without sedation, to reduce or prevent pain during injectable tumescent anesthesia in endovenous laser ablation of the greater saphenous vein...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835277/prophylactic-inhibition-of-neutrophil-elastase-prevents-the-development-of-chronic-neuropathic-pain-in-osteoarthritic-mice
#13
Milind M Muley, Eugene Krustev, Allison R Reid, Jason J McDougall
BACKGROUND: A subset of osteoarthritis (OA) patients experience joint pain with neuropathic characteristics. Mediators such as neutrophil elastase, a serine proteinase, may be released during acute OA inflammatory flares. We have previously shown that local administration of neutrophil elastase causes joint inflammation and pain via activation of proteinase-activated receptor-2 (PAR2). The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of endogenous neutrophil elastase and PAR2 to the development of joint inflammation, pain, and neuropathy associated with monoiodoacetate (MIA)-induced experimental OA...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757828/comparison-of-infracondylar-versus-subsartorial-approach-to-saphenous-nerve-block-a-randomized-controlled-study
#14
L Sahin, M L Eken, M Isik, O Cavus
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Only a few different approaches are currently utilized for saphenous nerve block. Our study aimed to compare two different ultrasound (US)-guided saphenous nerve blocks and designed this study to test the hypothesis that the medial infracondylar approach has more success rate than the subsartorial approach applied in saphenous nerve blockage. METHODS: The study included 76 patients (18-65 years old) with the American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status of I-III, who were scheduled for below-knee surgery by the orthopedics clinic...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576901/anankle-trial-study-protocol-a-randomised-trial-comparing-pain-profiles-after-peripheral-nerve-block-or-spinal-anaesthesia-for-ankle-fracture-surgery
#15
Rune Sort, Stig Brorson, Ismail Gögenur, Ann Merete Møller
INTRODUCTION: Ankle fracture surgery is a common procedure, but the influence of anaesthesia choice on postoperative pain and quality of recovery is poorly understood. Some authors suggest a benefit of peripheral nerve block (PNB) in elective procedures, but the different pain profile following acute fracture surgery and the rebound pain on cessation of the PNB both remain unexplored. We present an ongoing randomised study aiming to compare primary PNB anaesthesia with spinal anaesthesia for ankle fracture surgery regarding postoperative pain profiles and quality of recovery...
June 2, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438966/mediation-of-movement-induced-breakthrough-cancer-pain-by-ib4-binding-nociceptors-in-rats
#16
Joshua Havelin, Ian Imbert, Devki Sukhtankar, Bethany Remeniuk, Ian Pelletier, Jonathan Gentry, Alec Okun, Timothy Tiutan, Frank Porreca, Tamara E King
Cancer-induced bone pain is characterized by moderate to severe ongoing pain that commonly requires the use of opiates. Even when ongoing pain is well controlled, patients can suffer breakthrough pain (BTP), episodic severe pain that "breaks through" the medication. We developed a novel model of cancer-induced BTP using female rats with mammary adenocarcinoma cells sealed within the tibia. We demonstrated previously that rats with bone cancer learn to prefer a context paired with saphenous nerve block to elicit pain relief (i...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357555/morphological-study-and-relations-of-the-fascia-vasto-adductoria
#17
Eman Elazab Beheiry Elazab
The precise description of the fascia vasto-adductoria (FVA) has become an issue of great surgical and clinical importance. Neurovascular entrapment within the adductor canal (AC) may simulate many clinical conditions for cases presented with medial knee or leg pain and ischemic manifestations of the leg. The aim of the present work is to describe the morphological features of the FVA and to elucidate its neurovascular relations. Forty thigh specimens, pertaining to 15 embalmed and five fresh adult human cadavers, were dissected in pursuit of this aim...
October 2017: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346000/assessment-of-the-potential-efficacy-of-blind-perineural-injection-techniques-for-blockade-of-the-saphenous-obturator-and-lateral-cutaneous-femoral-nerves-in-dog-cadavers
#18
Diego F Echeverry-Bonilla, Jessica T Pelaez, Edwin F Buriticá, Francisco G Laredo
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the potential efficacy of blind perineural injection techniques to provide nerve blockade of the saphenous, obturator, and lateral cutaneous femoral nerves by assessing the distribution along those nerves of 3 volumes of an injected staining solution in dog cadavers. ANIMALS 18 canine cadavers. PROCEDURES The anatomic characteristics of the target nerves were evaluated by dissection in 3 cadavers. The saphenous nerve was located by the use of superficial anatomic landmarks and a loss-of-resistance test...
April 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237684/effects-of-dexmedetomidine-combined-with-ropivacaine-on-sciatic-and-femoral-nerve-blockade-in-dogs
#19
Thomas A Trein, Beatriz P Floriano, Juliana T Wagatsuma, Joana Z Ferreira, Guilherme L da Silva, Paulo S P Dos Santos, Sílvia H V Perri, Valéria Nls Oliva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate motor and sensory blockade of combining dexmedetomidine with ropivacaine, administered perineurally or systemically, for femoral and sciatic nerve blocks in conscious dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, experimental study. ANIMALS: Seven healthy Beagle dogs, aged 3.3 ± 0.1 years and weighing 11.0 ± 2.4 kg. METHODS: Dogs were anesthetized with isoflurane on three separate occasions for unilateral femoral and sciatic nerve blocks and were administered the following treatments in random order: perineural ropivacaine 0...
February 22, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186424/defining-local-nerve-blocks-for-feline-distal-pelvic-limb-surgery-a-cadaveric-study
#20
Masataka Enomoto, B Duncan X Lascelles, Mathew P Gerard
Objectives Anatomical and methodological detail is lacking regarding local anesthetic peripheral nerve block techniques for distal pelvic limb surgery in cats. The aim of this study was to develop, describe and test nerve block methods based on cadaveric dissections and dye injections. Methods Ten pairs of feline pelvic limbs (n = 20) were dissected and the tibial nerve (T n.), common fibular (peroneal) nerve (CF n., and its two branches, the superficial fibular [peroneal] nerve [SpF n.] and the deep fibular [peroneal] nerve [DpF n...
December 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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