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Transversus Abdominis Plane Block

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906937/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-the-management-of-acute-postoperative-pain-syndrome-after-caesarean-section-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Pierfrancesco Fusco, Vincenza Cofini, Emiliano Petrucci, Paolo Scimia, Tullio Pozone, Giuseppe Paladini, Gaspare Carta, Stefano Necozione, Battista Borghi, Franco Marinangeli
BACKGROUND: The international literature is unclear regarding the analgesic efficacy of the transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) after a Caesarean section (CS). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether a correctly performed ultrasound-guided TAPB (USG-TAPB) could provide better control of acute postoperative pain during the first 72 hours after CS and if it could provide a faster postoperative recovery. STUDY DESIGN: A double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial on pregnant women who underwent CS...
November 2016: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900771/laparoscopic-guided-psoas-blockade-as-a-novel-analgesic-method-during-inguinal-herniorrhaphy-a-clinical-trial
#2
T F Tammam, A F Salama
BACKGROUND: Under laparoscopic guidance, block of ilioinguinal, iliohypogastric, and genitofemoral nerves can be possible with anesthetic injection in the plane between psoas major and the fasciae covering its anterior aspects [laparoscopic-assisted psoas (LAP) blockade]. This observer-blinded trial aimed to compare the opioid-sparing effect of LAP block with transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block after laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy. METHODS: Forty-five male patients were randomly assigned to receive LAP block, group LAP (n = 23), or ultrasound-guided TAP block, group TAP (n = 22)...
November 30, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896461/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-postoperative-pain-relief-after-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-colon-surgery-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#3
R Tikuisis, P Miliauskas, V Lukoseviciene, N Samalavicius, A Dulskas, L Zabuliene, V Zabulis, J Urboniene
BACKGROUND: Although hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) offers patients smaller surgical incisions, they still experience pain. Currently, there is no consensus on the optimal analgesic package for patients undergoing HALS. The aim of this prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial was to evaluate the effect of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block on postoperative pain control (pain score and analgesic use) and other outcomes in colon cancer patients undergoing hand-assisted laparoscopic left hemicolectomy...
November 28, 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836523/-why-and-how-to-perform-an-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-a-step-by-step-approach
#4
E Nohuz, B El Drayi, A Triki, K Grossmannova, B Boudier, K Koffi, M Albaut, C Dualé
Used in clinical practice as part of a multimodal analgesic regimen, the transversus abdominis plane block (TAP block) is a relative novel procedure in which local anaesthetic agents are injected into the anatomic neurofascial space between the internal oblique and the transversus abdominis muscle. It allows a significantly prolonged duration of analgesia during the early postoperative stage in abdominal surgery. This regional anesthesia technique provides analgesia to the skin, muscles of the anterior abdominal wall and parietal peritoneum in order to decrease the incision-related pain...
December 2016: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834473/transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-neonates-and-young-infants-retrospective-analysis-of-a-case-series-tap-blocks-in-neonates-and-young-infants
#5
Pinar Kendigelen, Cigdem Tütüncü, Gulruh Ashyralyyeva, Rahsan Ozcan, Senol Emre, Fatis Altindas, Guner Kaya
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of the TAP block in children has been well characterized in literature. However, there are only few reports about TAP block in the neonates and low birth weight groups. This is a retrospective observational analysis of ultrasound - assisted TAP blocks in neonates and young infants. The aim of this study to analyze retrospectively the analgesic effectiveness of TAP block in neonates and infants undergoing abdominal and inguinal surgeries. METHODS: Thirty-four cases of neonates and infants with (whom) applied TAP block were retrospectively analyzed...
November 11, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833477/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-renal-allotransplant-recipients-a-retrospective-chart-review
#6
S R Gopwani, M A Rosenblatt
CONTEXT: The efficacy of the transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block appears to vary considerably, depending on the surgical procedure and block technique. AIMS: This study aims to add to the existing literature and provide a more clear understanding of the TAP blocks role as a postoperative analgesic technique, specifically in renal allotransplant recipients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A retrospective chart review was conducted by querying the intraoperative electronic medical record system of a 1200-bed tertiary academic hospital over a 5 months period, and reviewing anesthetic techniques, as well as postoperative morphine equivalent consumption...
October 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828783/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-a-premature-infant-a-low-risk-high-benefit-technique
#7
Rashmi Ramachandran, Sumit Bansal, Preeti Yadav, Vimi Rewari
In this report, we describe the case of a premature infant (36 weeks' postgestational age) who underwent left inguinal hernia repair under general anesthesia without the use of any airway device. Anesthesia was induced and maintained with sevoflurane in oxygen and nitrous oxide. An ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block was performed that provided effective analgesia, obviating the need for opioids in the intraoperative period. The infant's hemodynamics remained stable throughout the surgery. This report also briefly explains the advantages of using a transversus abdominis plane block, compared with neuraxial blockade, for hernia repair surgery...
November 8, 2016: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779983/factors-associated-with-a-short-2-days-or-long-10-days-length-of-stay-after-colectomy-a-multivariate-analysis-of-over-400-patients
#8
Kyle G Cologne, Sean Byers, David R Rosen, Grace S Hwang, Adrian E Ortega, Glenn T Ault, Sang W Lee
A prospectively maintained database of 415 patients undergoing colectomy was evaluated. We performed a logistic regression analysis to identify factors associated with 1) length of stay (LOS) of 2 days or less and 2) LOS of 10 days or more. Investigated variables included demographics, American Society of Anesthesiology (ASA) score, diagnosis, operative procedure, approach and time, transfusion requirements, and occurrence of any complications. Factors associated with a LOS of two days or less included ASA [odds ratio (OR): 0...
October 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761032/ultrasound-guided-truncal-blocks-a-new-frontier-in-regional-anaesthesia
#9
Arunangshu Chakraborty, Rakhi Khemka, Taniya Datta
The practice of regional anaesthesia is rapidly changing with the introduction of ultrasound into the working domain of the anaesthesiologist. New techniques are being pioneered. Among the recent techniques, notable are the truncal blocks, for example, the transversus abdominis plane block, rectus sheath block, hernia block and quadratus lumborum block in the abdomen and the pectoral nerves (Pecs) block 1 and 2, serratus anterior plane block and intercostal nerve block. This narrative review covers the brief anatomical discourse along with technical description of the ultrasound-guided truncal blocks...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755488/quadratus-lumborum-block-versus-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-postoperative-pain-after-cesarean-delivery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Rafael Blanco, Tarek Ansari, Waleed Riad, Nanda Shetty
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Effective postoperative analgesia after cesarean delivery enhances early recovery, ambulation, and breastfeeding. In a previous study, we established the effectiveness of the quadratus lumborum block in providing pain relief after cesarean delivery compared with patient-controlled analgesia (morphine). In the current study, we hypothesized that this method would be equal to or better than the transversus abdominis plane block with regard to pain relief and its duration of action after cesarean delivery...
October 11, 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752812/interventions-to-optimize-recovery-after-laparoscopic-appendectomy-a-scoping-review
#11
James K Hamill, Jamie-Lee Rahiri, Gamage Gunaratna, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: No enhanced recovery after surgery protocol has been published for laparoscopic appendectomy. This was a review of evidence-based interventions that could optimize recovery after appendectomy. METHODS: Interventions for the review Clinical pathway, fast-track or enhanced recovery protocols; needlescopic approach; single incision laparoscopic (SIL) approach; natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES); regional nerve blocks; intraperitoneal local anaesthetic (IPLA); drains...
October 17, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746552/analgesic-efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-versus-local-anesthetic-infiltration-in-adult-patients-undergoing-single-incision-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Ejas P Bava, Rashmi Ramachandran, Vimi Rewari, Chandralekha, Virinder Kumar Bansal, Anjan Trikha
BACKGROUND: Transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has been used to provide intra- and post-operative analgesia with single incision laparoscopic (SIL) bariatric and gynecological surgery with mixed results. Its efficacy in providing analgesia for SIL cholecystectomy (SILC) via the same approach remains unexplored. AIMS: The primary objective of our study was to compare the efficacy of bilateral TAP block with local anesthetic infiltration for perioperative analgesia in patients undergoing SILC...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733325/perineural-dexamethasone-does-not-enhance-the-analgesic-efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-subcostal-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-during-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#13
Sheng-Hui Huang, Jing Lu, Hong-Yun Gan, Yi Li, Yong-Gang Peng, Shuan-Ke Wang
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block is an adjunct therapy to provide effective postoperative analgesia in abdominal surgical procedures. Dexamethasone is a supplement agent that can improve the efficacy of local anesthesia. However, information about its additive effect is limited. This study aimed to compare the analgesic efficiency using ultrasound-guided TAP block with and without perineural dexamethasone for patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy...
October 2016: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733219/ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-improves-postoperative-analgesia-and-early-recovery-in-patients-undergoing-retroperitoneoscopic-urologic-surgeries-a-randomized-controlled-double-blinded-trial-%C3%A2
#14
Ge Qu, Xu-Lei Cui, Hong-Ju Liu, Zhi-Gang Ji, Yu-Guang Huang
<strong>Objective</strong> To evaluate the effects of ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block on postoperative analgesia and early recovery in patients undergoing retroperitoneoscopic urologic surgeries. <strong>Methods</strong> This was a randomized, controlled, double-blinded trial. Eligible patients scheduled for retroperitoneoscopic urologic surgeries were randomly assigned to two groups. Group TAP received ultrasound-guided TAP block with 0.5% ropivacaine 20 ml at 30 minutes before surgery, and Group C received TAP sham block with normal saline...
September 20, 2016: Chinese Medical Sciences Journal, Chung-kuo i Hsüeh K'o Hsüeh Tsa Chih
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731956/the-effect-of-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-block-on-postoperative-analgesia-and-neuroendocrine-stress-response-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-elective-open-inguinal-hernia-repair
#15
Mohamed M Abu Elyazed, Shaimaa F Mostafa, Mohammad A Abdullah, Gehan M Eid
BACKGROUND: Transversus abdominis plane block (TAP) is a compartmental block of the anterior abdominal wall. Surgical trauma produces multisystem reactions. Anesthetic techniques can modify the neuroendocrine surgical stress response. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of TAP block on the modification of the surgical neuroendocrine stress response as well as its analgesia effect in children undergoing open inguinal hernia repair. METHOD: Sixty children aged 3-10 years undergoing elective unilateral open inguinal hernia repair were randomized into group I (general anesthesia) or group II (received TAP block after induction of general anesthesia)...
December 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728945/a-clinical-quality-improvement-cqi-project-to-improve-pain-after-laparoscopic-ventral-hernia-repair
#16
Bruce Ramshaw, Brandie Forman, Eric Heidel, Jonathan Dean, Andrew Gamenthaler, Michael Fabian
Patients who undergo laparoscopic ventral hernia repair can have significant post-operative pain and discomfort from both somatic pain due to mesh fixation and visceral pain due to CO2 insufflation pressure. In an attempt to improve outcomes, a Clinical Quality Improvement (CQI) project was implemented by a multi-disciplinary hernia team. CQI tools were applied for consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic ventral hernia repair from June 2012 through September 2015 (39 months). Initiatives for improved patient outcomes during this period included the administration of a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block and/or an intra-operative block with long-acting local anesthetic first, and then a low pressure pneumoperitoneum (LPP) system was implemented later in the project...
October 6, 2016: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717634/clinical-effectiveness-of-transversus-abdominis-plane-tap-blocks-for-pain-relief-after-caesarean-section-a-meta-analysis
#17
R Champaneria, L Shah, M J Wilson, J P Daniels
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks for acute pain relief after caesarean section, in comparison to normal practice, remains uncertain. METHODS: Electronic literature databases were searched from inception to May 2016 for randomised controlled trials that assessed the effectiveness of TAP blocks following caesarean section. Trials were eligible if comparisons were made against no block or placebo, and/or intrathecal morphine...
December 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687350/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-as-a-component-of-multimodal-analgesia-for-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy
#18
Menekse Oksar, Onur Koyuncu, Selim Turhanoglu, Muhyittin Temiz, Mustafa Cemil Oran
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare intercostal-iliac transversus abdominis plane (TAP) and oblique subcostal TAP (OSTAP) blocks for multimodal analgesia in patients receiving laparoscopic cholecystectomy. DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, double-blinded clinical study. SETTING: Operating room, postoperative recovery area, and ward. PATIENTS: In total, 60 laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients (43 women, 17 men, American Society of Anesthesiologists grades I-II) were enrolled from the general surgery department of our tertiary care center...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687317/-anesthesia-in-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-is-general-anesthesia-a-requisite-a-case-report
#19
Sook Hui Chaw, Li Lian Foo, Lucy Chan, Kang Kwong Wong, Suhailah Abdullah, Boon Kiong Lim
Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis is a recently described neurological disorder and an increasingly recognized cause of psychosis, movement disorders and autonomic dysfunction. We report 20-year-old Chinese female who presented with generalized tonic-clonic seizures, recent memory loss, visual hallucinations and abnormal behavior. Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis was diagnosed and a computed tomography scan of abdomen reviewed a left adnexal tumor. We describe the first such case report of a patient with anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis who was given a bilateral transversus abdominis plane block as the sole anesthetic for removal of ovarian tumor...
September 26, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679220/comparison-of-laparoscopically-assisted-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-using-liposomal-bupivacaine-with-pre-incisional-bupivacaine-for-post-operative-pain-control-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-or-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-hysterectomy-a-randomized
#20
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