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Rectus Sheath Block

Arunangshu Chakraborty, Rakhi Khemka, Taniya Datta
The practice of regional anaesthesia is rapidly changing with the introduction of ultrasound into the working domain of the anaesthesiologist. New techniques are being pioneered. Among the recent techniques, notable are the truncal blocks, for example, the transversus abdominis plane block, rectus sheath block, hernia block and quadratus lumborum block in the abdomen and the pectoral nerves (Pecs) block 1 and 2, serratus anterior plane block and intercostal nerve block. This narrative review covers the brief anatomical discourse along with technical description of the ultrasound-guided truncal blocks...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Khaled Elbahrawy, Alaa El-Deeb
BACKGROUND: Acute mesenteric ischemia is a life-threatening vascular emergency that requires early diagnosis, immediate anticoagulation, and intervention to restore mesenteric blood flow adequately. AIMS: To investigate the effect of rectus sheath block (RSB) for postoperative analgesia in patients with mesenteric vascular occlusion. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Forty patients with mesenteric vascular occlusion, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II or III, scheduled for laparotomy were enrolled in this study...
September 2016: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
Sumitra G Bakshi, Amol Mapari, T S Shylasree
BACKGROUND: Opioid-sparing pain management is important for Enhanced Recovery After Surgery. Rectus sheath (RS) blocks are emerging as a promising modality for pain relief following midline laparotomy; however, there are limited prospective clinical trials testing their efficacy. The purpose of this randomized-controlled trial is to assess the morphine-sparing effect of local anesthetic (LA) boluses through RS catheters following elective gynecological oncology surgery. METHOD: After patients' informed consent, bilateral RS catheters were placed intraoperatively in 74 females (American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II) undergoing elective midline laparotomy under general anesthesia...
September 14, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Uma Hariharan, Neha Baduni, Bijender Pal Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Jin Soo Kim, Jong Bum Choi, Sook Young Lee, Wook Hwan Kim, Nam Hyun Baek, Jayoun Kim, Chu Kyung Park, Yeon Ju Lee, Sung Yong Park
BACKGROUND: Robotic cholecystectomy (RC) using port sites in the lower abdominal area (T12-L1) rather than the upper abdomen has recently been introduced as an alternative procedure for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Therefore, we investigated the time course of different components of pain and the analgesic effect of the bilateral ultrasound-guided split injection technique for rectus sheath block (sRSB) after RC in female patients. METHODS: We randomly assigned 40 patients to undergo ultrasound-guided sRSB (RSB group, n = 20) or to not undergo any block (control group, n = 20)...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Abdelazeem Ali Eldawlatly, Abdullah Aldohayan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
Şule Cüneyitoğlu, Mediha Türktan, Ebru Biricik, Dilek Özcengiz
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of ultrasound-guided rectus sheath block in gynaecological surgery with Pfannenstiel incision. METHODS: After the approval of the ethics committee and the patients' consent, 75 ASA I-II patients who were aged between 20 and 70 years and scheduled for a gynaecological surgery with Pfannenstiel incision were included in this study. After induction of general anaesthesia, patients were randomly divided into three groups...
October 2015: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
Martin Purdy, Merja Kokki, Maarit Anttila, Samuli Aspinen, Petri Juvonen, Riika Korhonen, Tuomas Selander, Hannu Kokki, Matti Eskelinen
AIM: To evaluate whether the post-surgery placement of the rectus sheath block analgesia (RSB) reduces the inflammatory response following surgery. The main hypothesis of our study was to find any correlation between patients' pain experience, numeric rating scale (NRS) postoperatively and concentrations of inflammatory response biomarkers, such as interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-1β, in patients with benign disease and cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Initially, 46 patients with midline laparotomy were randomized to the placebo group (n=11) and to one of the three active groups; single-dose (n=12), repeated-dose (n=12) and continuous infusion (n=11) RSB analgesia groups...
June 2016: Anticancer Research
Martin Purdy, Merja Kokki, Maarit Anttila, Samuli Aspinen, Petri Juvonen, Tuomas Selander, Hannu Kokki, Kari Pulkki, Matti Eskelinen
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the post-surgery placement of the rectus sheath block (RSB) analgesia could alter the oxidative stress response. The main hypothesis of our study was to find some correlation between patients' pain experience, numeric rating scale (NRS) and the concentration of oxidative stress marker, 8-OHdG (8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine) in patients with benign disease and cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initially, 46 patients were randomized to the placebo group (n=11) and to one of the three active groups; single-dose (n=12), repeated-dose (n=12) and continuous infusion (n=11) RSB analgesia group...
May 2016: Cancer Genomics & Proteomics
Alison Smith, Robert Cacchione, Ed Miller, Lindsay McElmurray, Robert Allen, Abigail Stocker, Thomas L Abell, Michael G Hughes
We compared outcomes for two gastric electrical stimulation placement strategies, minilaparotomy with adjunctive care (MLAC) versus laparoscopy without adjunctive care (LAPA). For electrode placement, the peritoneal cavity was accessed with either a single 2.5 to 3.0 cm midline incision (MLAC) or three trocar incisions (LAPA). For both groups, generator was placed subcutaneously over the anterior rectus sheath. For MLAC, adjunctive pain control measures were used for placement of both electrode and generator (transversus abdominus plane block)...
April 2016: American Surgeon
Khaled Abdelsalam, O W Mohamdin
BACKGROUND: Regional anesthetic techniques can be used to alleviate postoperative pain in patients undergoing major upper abdominal surgery. Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of bilateral ultrasound (US)-guided rectus sheath (RS) and transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks for better perioperative analgesia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: It is a prospective, observer-blinded, randomized clinical study. 40 eligible patients undergoing elective liver resection or Whipple procedure were included...
January 2016: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
R Yasumura, Y Kobayashi, R Ochiai
Levobupivacaine is commonly used as the local anaesthetic of choice in peripheral nerve blocks, but its pharmacokinetics have not been fully investigated. We compared the changes in plasma concentrations of levobupivacaine following transversus abdominis plane block and rectus sheath block. Fifty woman undergoing laparoscopy were randomly allocated to receive either a transversus abdominis plane block or an rectus sheath block. In both groups, 2.5 levobupivacaine was administered, and blood samples were obtained 15 min, 30 min, 60 min and 120 min after injection...
May 2016: Anaesthesia
T Hamada, M Tsuchiya, K Mizutani, R Takahashi, K Muguruma, K Maeda, W Ueda, K Nishikawa
We performed a randomised controlled double-blinded study of patients having laparoscopic colectomy with bilateral transversus abdominis plane block plus rectus sheath block, comparing a control group receiving 80 ml levobupivacaine 0.2% in saline with a dextran group receiving 80 ml levobupivacaine 0.2% in 8% low-molecular weight dextran. Twenty-seven patients were studied in each group. The mean (SD) maximum plasma concentration of levobupivacaine in the control group (1410 (322) ) was higher than the dextran group (1141 (287) ng...
April 2016: Anaesthesia
Matthew Abrahams, Ryan Derby, Jean-Louis Horn
UNLABELLED: We summarized the evidence for ultrasound (US) guidance for truncal blocks in 2010 by performing a systematic literature review and rating the strength of evidence for each block using a system developed by the United States Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. Since then, numerous studies of US guidance for truncal blocks have been published. In addition, 3 novel US-guided blocks have been described since our last review. To provide updated recommendations, we performed another systematic search of the literature to identify studies pertaining to US guidance for the following blocks: paravertebral, intercostal, transversus abdominis plane, rectus sheath, ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric, as well as the Pecs, quadratus lumborum, and transversalis fascia blocks...
March 2016: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
James K Hamill, Jamie-Lee Rahiri, Andrew Liley, Andrew G Hill
INTRODUCTION: The role of rectus sheath blocks (RSB) and transversus abdominis plane (TAP) blocks in pediatric surgery has not been well established. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine if RSB and TAP blocks decrease postoperative pain and improve recovery in children. DATA SOURCES: Duplicate searching of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, Web of Science, and trial registries databases by two reviewers. STUDY SELECTION: Included were randomized trials in children on RSB or TAP block in abdominal operations, excluding inguinal procedures...
April 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
José Cortell-Ballester, Juan Encarnación-Martínez, Manuel Barberá-Alacreu
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a severe disease that is transmitted with an autosomal recessive inheritance pattern, and is the commonest disease among Caucasian populations (1/2,500). There are many clinical manifestations that derive from its multiorgan dysfunctions, mainly in the respiratory and digestive tract. In addition, lung disease injury is principally responsible for morbidity and mortality in CF patients. Blocking the rectus sheath, first described by Schleich in 1899, is a loco-regional technique that provides adequate analgesia in those surgical procedures with midline or umbilical incisions...
December 2015: Annals of Translational Medicine
Feng Jin, Xiao-Qian Li, Wen-Fei Tan, Hong Ma, Huang-Wei Lu
BACKGROUND: Rectus sheath block (RSB) is used for postoperative pain relief in patients undergoing abdominal surgery with midline incision. Preoperative RSB has been shown to be effective, but it has not been compared with postoperative RSB. The aim of the present study is to evaluate postoperative pain, sleep quality and changes in the cytokine levels of patients undergoing gynaecological surgery with RSB performed preoperatively versus postoperatively. METHODS/DESIGN: This study is a prospective, randomised, controlled (randomised, parallel group, concealed allocation), single-blinded trial...
December 10, 2015: Trials
Alberto Manassero, Matteo Bossolasco, Maurizio Meineri, Susanna Ugues, Chrysoula Liarou, Luca Bertolaccini
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: We conducted a prospective study to examine the local anesthetic (LA) spread and the effectiveness for surgical anesthesia of ultrasound (US)-guided rectus sheath block (RSB) in adult patients undergoing umbilical hernia repair. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty patients received at T-10 level a bilateral US-guided injection of 20 mL levobupivacaine 0.375% + epinephrine 5 μg/mL behind the rectus muscle to detach it from its sheath. Anesthetic spread into the rectus sheath was evaluated ultrasonographically at T-9 and T-11 levels and scored from 0 to 4...
July 2015: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Mihaela Visoiu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Effective analgesia is necessary for optimal recovery after surgery, but children often do not attain adequate postoperative pain control. This review examines the current trends in paediatric regional anaesthesia. RECENT FINDINGS: Better pain assessment and therapeutic regimens are needed for our patients. Trunk blocks such as paravertebral, transversus abdominis plane, rectus sheath and ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric are becoming a popular means of providing analgesia for thoracic and abdominal procedures...
October 2015: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
Takeshi Murouchi, Soshi Iwasaki, Michiaki Yamakage
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) and rectus sheath block (RSB) are popular methods of controlling postoperative pain. Chronological changes in blood concentrations of local anesthetics have not been described, although a large amount of local anesthetic is required to block these compartments. We postulated that blood concentrations of anesthetics would peak earlier during TAPB than RSB (primary end point). Secondary end points were elapsed time from block until first postoperative rescue analgesia and affected dermatomes...
September 2015: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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