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Meeta Dipak Mantri, Mahajan M Pradeep, Patil O Kalpesh, Raj J Pranavsinh
Hyaline fibromatosis syndrome (HFS) is rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by the deposition of amorphous hyaline material in skin and visceral organs. It represents a disease spectrum with infantile systemic hyalinosis (ISH) being the severe form and juvenile hyaline fibromatosis (JHF) being the mild form. Dermatologic manifestations include thickened skin, perianal nodules, and facial papules, gingival hyperplasia, large subcutaneous tumors on the scalp, hyperpigmented plaques over the metacarpophalangeal joints and malleoli, and joint contractures...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Courtney J Ensslin, Jason Cohen, David I Silverstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
In Yae Cheong, Do Kyun Kim, Ye Jeong Oh, Byung Kyu Park, Ki Hoon Kim, Dong Hwee Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the midpoint (MD) of extensor hallucis longus muscle (EHL) and compare the accuracy of different needle electromyography (EMG) insertion techniques through cadaver dissection. METHODS: Thirty-eight limbs of 19 cadavers were dissected. The MD of EHL was marked at the middle of the musculotendinous junction and proximal origin of EHL. Three different needle insertion points of EHL were marked following three different textbooks: M1, 3 fingerbreadths above bimalleolar line (BML); M2, junction between the middle and lower third of tibia; M3, 15 cm proximal to the lower border of both malleoli...
June 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
B Kinner, C Roll
OBJECTIVE: The goal of Pirogoff's amputation of the hindfoot is a weight-bearing stump with minimal loss of limb length and stable soft tissue coverage with preservation of the sensation of the sole of the heel. INDICATIONS: Non-reconstructable forefoot and midfoot after complex trauma, deep bony and soft tissue infection, infected Charcot foot, necrosis or gangrene due to vasculopathy, malignant tumors and deformities. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Possibility for reconstruction of the forefoot and midfoot, minor amputation, loss or irreversible destruction of the sole of the heel...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Paul P Breen, Jorge M Serrador, Claire O'Tuathail, Leo R Quinlan, Caroline McIntosh, Gearóid ÓLaighin
Loss of tactile sensory function is common with aging and can lead to numbness and difficulty with balance and gait. In previous work we found that subsensory electrical noise stimulation (SENS) applied to the tibial nerve improved tactile perception in the soles of the feet of healthy adults. In this work we aimed to determine if SENS remained effective in an older adult population with significant levels of sensory loss. Older adult subjects (N=8, female = 4, aged 65-80) had SENS applied via surface electrodes placed proximally to the medial and lateral malleoli...
August 2016: Medical Engineering & Physics
Iulia Tevanov, Dan M Enescu, Radu Bălănescu, G Sterian, Alexandru Ulici
Negative pressure wound therapy is a non-invasive treatment that uses under atmospheric pressure to increase blood supply to the wound, stimulating the formation of granulation tissue, angiogenesis, proliferation of fibroblasts and endothelial cells. Negative pressure therapy has also the ability to decrease the bacterial load, reduce swelling and decrease exudate while maintaining a moist environment that facilitates healing. Our patient, a 17 year old male, suffered major third and fourth-degree high voltage electrical burns on 60% of the body surface, in November 2011...
March 2016: Chirurgia
Brian Tollefson, James Nichols, Stephen Fromang, Richard L Summers
INTRODUCTION: Differentiating the severity of acute ankle injuries is a common problem in the emergency department (ED). The Ottawa Foot and Ankle Rules (OFAR) were designed to obviate the need for unnecessary x-rays. Although these rules have been determined to be very sensitive, they lack the specificity necessary to make them practically useful for a condition in which a misdiagnosis could result in a significant disability. Our study objective was to determine if the addition of a bedside ultrasound (US) to the evaluation process could be used to significantly reduce the number of negative x-rays in OFAR positive patients...
February 2016: Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association
Janet H Zhang, Winko W An, Ivan P H Au, Tony L Chen, Roy T H Cheung
BACKGROUND: High average (VALR) and instantaneous vertical loading rates (VILR) during impact have been associated with many running-related injuries. Peak acceleration (PA), measured with an accelerometer, has provided an alternative method to estimate impact loading during outdoor running. This study sought to compare both intra- and inter-subject correlations between vertical loading rates and PA measured at two body sites during running. METHODS: Ground reaction force data were collected from 10 healthy adults (age=23...
May 2016: Gait & Posture
D Trojaniello, A Cereatti, U Della Croce
A method for assessing maximum foot clearance (maxFCl) during overground walking and obstacle passing using magnetic and inertial measurement units (MIMUs) placed above the malleoli is proposed and validated. The method precision and accuracy were evaluated using a stereo-photogrammetric system as a gold standard. The proposed method was applied to the data obtained from the gait of both healthy subjects and patients with various abnormal gaits. First, an optimally filtered direct and reverse integration (OFDRI) was used for each gait cycle to determine the gait velocity...
August 2015: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Noriko Uemura, Mutsumi Okazaki, Hiroki Mori
PURPOSE: Transfer of a free skin graft from the submalleolar or plantar instep area to the palmoplantar area and finger defects is widely performed; however, the sites and the border of plantar skin have yet to be examined in detail. The aim of this study was to determine the border of sole skin. METHODS: Twelve paraformaldehyde-fixed cadavers were examined. Skin specimens were harvested from an area from the top of the medial malleolus extending to the top of the lateral malleolus of the right foot...
September 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Eliana Dirce Torres Khoury, Givago da Silva Souza, Carlos Araújo da Costa, Amélia Ayako Kamogari de Araújo, Cláudia Simone Baltazar de Oliveira, Luiz Carlos de Lima Silveira, Maria da Conceição Nascimento Pinheiro
The purpose of this work was to evaluate the somatosensory system of methylmercury-exposed inhabitants living in the communities of the Tapajós river basin by using psychophysical tests and to compare with measurements performed in inhabitants of the Tocantins river basin. We studied 108 subjects from Barreiras and São Luiz do Tapajós, two communities of the Tapajós river basin, State of Pará, Amazon, Brazil, aged 13-53 years old. Mercury analysis was performed in head hair samples weighting 0.1-0.2 g by using atomic absorption spectrometry...
2015: PloS One
Igor Bumči, Tomislav Vlahović, Filip Jurić, Mirko Žganjer, Gordana Miličić, Hinko Wolf, Anko Antabak
BACKGROUND: Paediatric ankle fractures comprise approximately 4% of all paediatric fractures and 30% of all epiphyseal fractures. Integrity of the ankle "mortise", which consists of tibial and fibular malleoli, is significant for stability and function of the ankle joint. Tibial malleolar fractures are classified as SH III or SH IV intra-articular fractures and, in cases where the fragments are displaced, anatomic reposition and fixation is mandatory. METHODS: Type SH III-IV fractures of the tibial malleolus are usually treated with open reduction and fixation with cannulated screws that are parallel to the physis...
November 2015: Injury
S M Verhage, I B Schipper, J M Hoogendoorn
BACKGROUND: Large comparative studies that have evaluated long-term functional outcome of operatively treated ankle fractures are lacking. This study was performed to analyse the influence of several combinations of malleolar fractures on long-term functional outcome and development of osteoarthritis. METHODS: Retrospective cohort-study on operated (1995-2007) malleolar fractures. Results were assessed with use of the AAOS- and AOFAS-questionnaires, VAS-pain score, dorsiflexion restriction (range of motion) and osteoarthritis...
2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
Daniel J Fuchs, Bryant S Ho, Mark W LaBelle, Armen S Kelikian
BACKGROUND: Following open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) of unstable ankle fractures, some patients have persistent pain and poor outcomes. This may be secondary to intra-articular injuries that occur at the time of fracture, which occur in up to 88% of fractures. Ankle arthroscopy at the time of ORIF has been proposed to address these intra-articular injuries. This study compared patient-reported functional outcomes in patients who underwent ankle ORIF with and without ankle arthroscopy...
January 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Rahul Sapra, Pankaj Jain, Shubha Gupta, Rakesh Kumar
Xanthogranulomatous osteomyelitis is a rare chronic inflammatory disorder which clinically resembles bone tumor. It is characterized histologically by the presence of a large number of foamy histiocytes admixed with lymphocytes and plasma cells. Xanthogranulomatous inflammation can involve any organ, with kidneys and gall bladder being the worst affected. Only anecdotal cases of osteomyelitis have been reported in the past with scant medical literature. However, all the earlier reported cases, except one, were unifocal lesions...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
(no author information available yet)
Mulasi U, Kuchnia AJ, Cole AJ, Earthman CP. Bioimpedance at the bedside: current applications, limitations, and opportunities. Nutr Clin Pract. 2015;30:180-193. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0884533614568155)In this article in the April 2015 issue of Nutrition in Clinical Practice, the phrase "ie, the styloid process of the radius" was incorrectly placed in paragraph 2 under "Principles of Bioimpedance" on p. 181. The corrected sentence is as follows: "The most common approach for generating whole-body composition estimates is the standard tetrapolar arrangement (also termed wrist-ankle), which involves the placement of 2 electrodes on the hand (one on the wrist between the styloid processes of the ulna and radius and the other just behind the metacarpals) and 2 electrodes on the foot (one on the ankle between the medial and lateral malleoli and the other just behind the metatarsals)...
August 2015: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Anubrat Kumar, Anil Agrawal, Abbas Shaharyar, Mohammad S Bhat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
Dionisios Giannoulis, Dimitrios V Papadopoulos, Marios G Lykissas, Panagiotis Koulouvaris, Ioannis Gkiatas, Alexandros Mavrodontidis
Isolated subtalar dislocations are unusual injuries due to the inherent instability of the talus. Subtalar dislocations are frequently associated with fractures of the malleoli, the talus, the calcaneus or the fifth metatarsal. Four types of subtalar dislocation have been described according to the direction of the foot in relation to the talus: medial, lateral posterior and anterior. It has been shown that some of these dislocations may spontaneously reduce. A rare case of a 36-year-old male patient who sustained a closed medial subtalar dislocation without any associated fractures of the ankle is reported...
April 18, 2015: World Journal of Orthopedics
J von Recum
BACKGROUND: Involvement of the ankle joint in Charcot osteoarthropathy is most often associated with severe instability and fracture or collapse of the talus. Caused by malalignment, ulcerations over both malleoli are associated with increased risk of major amputation. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the operation is to realign the hind foot, gain a stable osteosynthesis, and prevent major amputation. INDICATIONS: Charcot osteoarthropathy of the ankle joint with instability, with or without soft tissue involvement, failure of the primary arthrodesis of the ankle or subtalar joint...
April 2015: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Jung Su Lee, Ki Beom Kim, Jin Ook Jeong, Na Yeon Kwon, Sang Mi Jeong
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between the Foot Posture Index (FPI) (including talar head palpation, curvature at the lateral malleoli, inversion/eversion of the calcaneus, talonavicular bulging, congruence of the medical longitudinal arch, and abduction/adduction of the forefoot on the rare foot), plantar pressure distribution, and pediatric flatfoot radiographic findings. METHODS: Nineteen children with flatfoot (age, 9.32±2.67 years) were included as the study group...
February 2015: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
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