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alopecia areata

Alessandro Pileri, Claudio Agostinelli, Francesca Bruni, Vieri Grandi, Aurora Alessandrini, Nicola Pimpinelli, Bianca M Piraccini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Dorota Z Korta, Angela M Christiano, Wilma Bergfeld, Madeleine Duvic, Abby Ellison, Jennifer Fu, John E Harris, Maria K Hordinsky, Brett King, Dory Kranz, Julian Mackay-Wiggan, Amy McMichael, David A Norris, Vera Price, Jerry Shapiro, Natasha Atanaskova Mesinkovska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Logan W Thomas, Ashley Elsensohn, Terese Bergheim, Jessica Shiu, Anand Ganesan
IMPORTANCE: Intramuscular (IM) steroids can be used to treat a wide variety of dermatologic diseases. Although seemingly effective and safe, this form of corticosteroid therapy may be underused amongst dermatologists. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to determine the evidence regarding the efficacy and side effect profile of intramuscular triamcinolone in the treatment of dermatologic disease. EVIDENCE REVIEW: A PubMed search engine was used for this study...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Yasmeen Jabeen Bhat, Inam Ul Haq, Iffat Hassan, Peerzada Sajad, Insha Latif
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Radha Saini, Kanica Kaushal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology
Yuval Ramot, Barbara Marzani, Daniela Pinto, Elisabetta Sorbellini, Fabio Rinaldi
Interleukin-17 (IL-17) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of a large number of inflammatory and autoimmune conditions, including skin disorders such as psoriasis. Recently, much data have accumulated on the possible role of IL-17 in the pathogenesis of alopecia areata (AA). In this review, the available information on the connection between AA and IL-17 is described. While IL-17 levels are consistently reported to be elevated in the serum and lesional skin of AA patients, there is no clear connection between IL-17 levels and disease severity or duration...
March 1, 2018: Archives of Dermatological Research
Eli Magen, Tinatin Chikovani, Dan-Andrei Waitman, Natan R Kahan
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies report that alopecia areata (AA) is related to various atopic and autoimmune diseases. The purpose of this study was to identify clinical characteristics and the prevalence of comorbid conditions in Israeli patients with AA. METHODS: This retrospective, matched, case-control study was based on data from an electronic patient record data base. The patients with an electronically documented diagnosis of AA were included in the AA group...
March 1, 2018: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
Andac Salman, Gonca Sarac, Tulin Ergun
Janus kinase inhibitors are emerging treatment alternatives in various immune-mediated diseases including alopecia universalis. Herein, we report a patient with psoriasis and alopecia universalis in whom treatment with tofacitinib led to remission of psoriasis without improvement in alopecia universalis. Despite the promising potential in alopecia areata treatment, research evaluating the efficacy of different Janus kinase inhibitors and possible prognostic factors related with a more favorable response are warranted...
July 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Gemma Melé-Ninot, Vicente Expósito-Serrano, Mònica Quintana Codina, Maribel Iglesias Sancho, Manuel Sánchez-Regaña, Pablo Umbert Millet, Montse Salleras Redonnet
Alopecia induced by biological therapy is a rare side effect of this type of drugs. A total of 23 patients of psoriasiform eruptions with severe scalp involvement that induced alopecia during anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) treatment of non-dermatological conditions have been previously reported. We present a 50-year-old man affected by plaque psoriasis that developed psoriasiform patches with alopecia over his scalp 10 months after initiating treatment with adalimumab. Punch biopsy of the alopecic area on the scalp revealed psoriasiform epidermal changes and alopecia areata-like dermal changes...
July 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Matilde Iorizzo, Antonella Tosti
Alopecia Areata is a common form of non-scarring hair loss that usually starts abruptly with a very high psychological impact. Due to the still not completely understood etiopathogenesis, at present there is no treatment that can induce a permanent remission and there is no drug approved for the treatment of this disorder. Areas covered: Leading existing treatment are briefly overviewed and then ongoing research on Janus Kinases Inhibitors is discussed, reviewing trials with oral and topical formulations so as new opportunities for other forms of alopecia, such as cicatricial alopecia...
February 21, 2018: Expert Opinion on Emerging Drugs
Noha Nabil Doghaim, Rania Ahmed El-Tatawy, Yomna Mazid El-Hamd Neinaa, Marwa Mohsen Abd El-Samd
BACKGROUND: Management of alopecia areata (AA) and androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is often challenging. The use of carboxytherapy may be a novel therapeutic option for such cases. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of carboxytherapy in alopecia areata and androgenetic alopecia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted on 80 patients with alopecia divided into two groups; Group I included 40 AA patients (Group IA received carboxytherapy and Group IB control received placebo), and Group II included 40 AGA patients (Group IIA received carboxytherapy and Group IIB control received placebo), and followed up monthly for 3 months...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
A Jabbari, F Sansaricq, J Cerise, J C Chen, A Bitterman, G Ulerio, J Borbon, R Clynes, A M Christiano, J Mackay-Wiggan
Alopecia areata (AA) is a common autoimmune disease, with a lifetime risk of ∼2%. In AA, the immune systems targets the hair follicle, resulting in clinical hair loss. AA prognosis is unpredictable, and currently there is no definitive treatment. Our previous whole genome expression studies identified active immune circuits in AA lesions, including common γ-chain cytokine and IFN pathways. Since these pathways are mediated through JAK kinases, we prioritized clinical exploration of small molecule JAK inhibitors...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Weijian Huang, Yongjian Zhu, Hua Qu
BACKGROUND Preoperative symptoms like occipital pressure ulcers and alopecia areata (AA) significantly lowered patient quality of life. Therefore, preoperative nursing was in need of investigation. This study aimed to compare effects of an alternating inflatable head pad and a gel pad on occurrence of postoperative pressure ulcers and AA in patients undergoing open heart surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS This was a prospective study. We allocated randomly 120 patients undergoing surgery (3-7 h) in the Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital affiliated to Qingdao University, China from January to October 2015 to the control (gel head pad) or the experimental (alternating inflatable head pad) group (n=60 per group)...
February 16, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Nicola Zerbinati, Cristina Esposito, Edoardo D'Este, Alberto Calligaro, Rossano Valsecchi
INTRODUCTION: Topical immunotherapy is frequently used in the treatment of alopecia areata (AA) although few studies report long-term follow-up. Our goals were to determine the efficacy and the prognostic factors of topical immunotherapy in a large cohort of patients with AA treated in the departments of Dermatology and Venereology of Bergamo, Como and Pavia, from 1978 to January 2016. METHODS: A total of 252 patients with AA were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: All our patients developed an allergic reaction to a 2% solution of dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) or squaric acid dibutylester (SADBE) or diphenylcyclopropenone (DPCP)...
February 13, 2018: Dermatology and Therapy
Jung Eun Seol, Do Hyeong Kim, So Hee Park, Gyeong Je Cho, Hyojin Kim
Endovascular interventional procedures are widely used for the treatment of intracranial vascular lesions. However, they sometimes produce reversible alopecia, known as radiation-induced temporary alopecia, depending on the radiation dose. Radiation-induced temporary alopecia manifested as rectangular alopecic patches without signs of inflammation, reflects damage to the keratinocytes in the hair matrix of anagen hair follicles, due to the sensitivity of these cells to radiation. The characteristics of radiation-induced temporary alopecia are similar to those of alopecia areata as follows: (1) clinical findings of well-defined alopecic patches and (2) dermoscopic findings of yellow dots, black dots, and short vellus hairs...
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Shimona Garg, Anand Kumar, Mala Bhalla, Kavita Poonia
Alopecia areata (AA) is the most common form of nonscarring alopecia involving the scalp and/or body. The most common pattern of hair loss is oval or round, but newer morphological variants are increasingly being described. We hereby report two cases of annular pattern of AA due to its unusual morphology.
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Jessica Lin, Joseph Zikry, Natasha Atanaskova-Mesinkovska
Frontal fibrosing alopecia (FFA), a scarring type of alopecia, developed in two patients with a history of alopecia areata (AA). Both patients had biopsies to confirm this interesting series of pathology. Etiology and pathogenesis of this AA-to-FFA sequence will be discussed.
January 2018: International Journal of Trichology
Lucy Y Liu, Brett A King, Brittany G Craiglow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 6, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
Krystal Mitchell, Jacob Levitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: JAAD Case Reports
Laurel L Wessman, Louise K Andersen, Mark D P Davis
Understanding the effects of age on the epidemiology of diseases primarily affecting the skin is important to the practice of dermatology, both for proper allocation of resources and for optimal patient-centered care. To fully appreciate the effect that age may have on the population-based calculations of incidence of diseases primarily affecting the skin in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and worldwide, we performed a review of all relevant Rochester Epidemiology Project-published data and compared them to similar reports in the worldwide English literature...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
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